North Carolina Newspapers

    Adiwtban Wifl Pad Oar Col
una a Latchkey to Owr Sixteen
Hoadrad Ifartia Coonty Homea
Several Owners Are Sum
moned for Failure To
Observe New Law
The atrict enforcement of the law
requiring all owners to equip their
trailers of two tona or more capacity
with effective brakes was reported
here last Friday. Drfreri of several
trailers unequipped with brakes were
ordered to park the vehicles and their
owners notified to appear in court to
answer the preferred violation charges.
As a result of the action, owners are
buily engaged equipping their heavy
trailers -with brakes this week. The
new law was resented to some extent
but trailer owners accepted the man
date and are now complying with the
law, it was learned yesterday.
Traitors of less than two tons ca
pacity are not affected under the new
law, which became effective January
1. Trailers operating with a license
of a ton and one-halt capacity and car
rying more than two tons are also
inclnded under the law. Owners op
erating trailers of less than two tons
capacity are warned not to overload
them or brakes will be necessary.
Very little discretion can be shown
where violations of the trailer-brake
law are noted, and first offenses are
subject to prosecution.
The law, passed by th? 1931 General
Assembly, 'in connection with brakes
for trailers, read as follows:
"Section 70. Brakes on trailers.
"Every traiter or semi-trailer of two
ton* or over shall be equipped with
adequate brakes, that can be effective
ly operated while the trailer is in mo
tion: Provided, that until January first,
one thousand nine hundred and thirty
two, this section shall not apply to
trailers or semi-trailers licensed or in
use on the highways of the State at
the time of the passage of this act."
Section 71 goes on to say that the
violation of the act ia a misdemeanor
and the violator of the provisions there
in ia subject to fine or imprisonment
in the discretion of the court as for
other misdemeanors.
Owners of trailers used for hauling
logs are finding it difficult to install
brakes, but in an effort to comply with
the law, the owners are equipping the
vehicles with mechanical brakes.
Enterprise Now Allowing
2-Year Subscription for
Bag Goobers
Very few peanuts have been deliv
ered to The Enterprise since last Fri
day, when the company started allow
ing a two-year subscription to the pa
per instead of one for a period of
three years. The decrease in prices
offered for the goobers brought about
the change, but even thf low offer ia a
real bargain, and any subscriber wish
ington to take advantage of it is cor
dially invited to do so.
Members of the Enterprise force
have been very liberal in that they
have advanced needy people pocket
change from time to time, in so far
aa they were able. Now thaf the change
ia no more, the publishing company
hu stepped in and has started dish
ing out peanuts to the hungry ones.
Agd one would be surprised to see
juat how many of the goobers have
gone that way. All one has to do to
gal i "bait" of peanuts ia to enter the
oftce, show signs of want, and swear
ha ia hungry, and not all the time ia
the oath required.
/. s. Meeks Is Now
Champ Turnip Grower
Mr. J. S. Meeks, Martin farmer
livfag on the old Everett-Williamston
road, ia a champion turnip grower for
the season so far. Mr. Meeks exhib
ited one at thia office yesterday, weigh
ing six pounds with the top and roots
The farmer planted the seed just
foar months ago, using no fertilizer
except compost.
Mr. Meeka ia one of those farmers
who ia not too lazy to work that he
might have something for the rainy
day that generally always comes for
every one.
Frank Cox Continues at
Large, Late Reports State
Reports heard here and statiag that
Frank Cox, sentenced to prison for
30 years for the murder of J. H. Jolly
in this county several years ago, had
retarned to the Caledonia farm, follow
ing hie eacape several days ago, were
declared unfounded, according to the
latest information received from pris
on authorities.
Cox it said to have traveled toward
Virginia a few days following hia es
cape. It waa reported that lie ex
changed part of his clothes at a col
ored home on hit way to Oat State.
Town Is Meeting Obligations
Despite Slow Tax Collections
Heavy Bond and Interest Payments Have Been Paid by
The Town During Past Few Days, Treasurer N. C.
Green Tells Board in Regular Meet Last Night
Although tax payments are being re
ceived slowly at the present time,
Town Treasurer N. C. Green stated
last night in the regular meeting of
the town commissioners that all bonds
and interest were being promptly met,
that heavy bond and interest payments '
had been made during the past few !
days. An upward trend in 1931 town
I tax collections is expected within the
next few days, and it is believed that
collections will be greater at the end
pf this or the middle of next month
than they were at the same time last :
- The meeting last night was given
over to a general discussion of various
topics, some of them of world-wide
Ju«t a few ahort week* ago
Mahatma Gandhi, the Indian Na
tionaliit leader, waa the renowned
and honored guest of England'a
king at- Buckingham Palace, In
London. Today he ia resting in
Yeroda Jail, near Poona, in India,
at the order of the Britiah Govern
ment for "good and sufficient rea
sons." Funny world.
Harvey H. Dixon, of Near
Wharton's Station, Put
Under $2,500 Bond
Charged with manufacturing and
transporting liquor and conspiracy to
violate the prohibition law, Harvey H.
Dixon, of near Wharton's Station, in
Beaufort County, was held under
bond in the sum of $2,500 at a hearing
held in the courthouse here yesterday
by U. S. Commissioner W. C. Man
The case, one of the most prominent
heard by the commisfioner here in sev
erai months, developed the latter part
of last November when several charges
were preferred against the defendant.
Since that time, his cause has been
pleaded by his young and attractive
wife, Lawyers H. Clay Carter and
Judge Sam Blount, of Washington,
representing him at the hearing held
yesterday. District Attorney Wheel
er Martin had a part in the hearing
as representative of the Government.
Dixon has been convicted and served
time in Atlanta for violating the prohi
bition laws, his record supporting rum
ors that he was one of the biggest
violators in this section of the State.
Offering the testimony of four wit
nesses, the defendant vigorously con
tested the case, but when one of the
witnesses admitted that he had ap
proached one of the three witnesses
called by the Government in behalf
of Dixon, a new angle to the case re
sulted. According to reports on the
hearing, a government witness
was facing a State assault charge, and
that Dixon, through his witness, was
trying to have the government repre
sentative alter his testimony with the
assurance that testimony against him
would be given favorably.
Probable cause being found in the
case, Dixon was bound over to the
next term of Federal Court for trial
in Washington next April.
County Court Goes Into
Afternoon Session Today
The County Recorder's Court went
into afternoon session today aa a re
sult of a marked increase in number
of cases originating over the week
Liquor charges, thefts and assaults
of various kinds figure in several of
the casea, Judge Joa. W. Bailey »tat
ed at noon today.
Fair sized audiences were in at
tendance upon both the morning and
afternoon sessions, but no startling
cases were on docket for trial, the
judge said.
Gross Farm Income Is
Lowest Since 1911
- - i ii
Waahington, Jan. s.—The agricul
ture department today said preliminary
estimates indicate a total gross farm
income of f6,920,000,000 for 1931.
This ia 26 per cent leas than the
gross returns of $9,300,000,000 for 1930
and 42 per cent below 1929. The es
timate includes the value of farm prod
ucts sold and thosa consumed in the
farm homes.
The Department said the gross farm
income for the United States in 1931
was probably equal to the pre-war
1909-1913 average and was the lowest
since INI. » -
Williamston, Martin County, North Carolina, Tuesday, January S, 1932
importance. But nothing definite was
' done in any of those matters, the com
missioners officially inspecting and ap
proving the general run of monthly
bills and granting the colored people
permission to hold a square dance here
within the next few days. The board
granted permission for holding the
; dance, provided one-third of the gross
receipts went to charity. An investi
gation was ordered of a round dance
held several days ago when charity
received approximately $3 out of S6O
[taken in by the promoters when it was
i to share to the extent of one-third of
I the gross receipta.
In the absence of Mayor R. L. Co
| burn, Mr. L. P. Lindsley, mayor pro
tem, presided at the meeting.
Make Many Adjustments in
Insurance Policies on
School Plants
Meeting in annual session here yes
terday, the Martin County Board of
Education made a number of adjust
ments in insurance policies carried on
the various plants, effecting a saving
in their maneuvers amounting to ap
proximately S2OO, Mr. W. O. Griffin,
chairman of the board, stated this
morning. Insurance was arranged on
the 40 school busses now in operation
in the county at a cost of $144. No
'insurance has been carried on the
trucks heretofore, and looking forward
to storing the machines in one build
ing this summer, the members of t)ie
board considered the insurance neces
sary. Arrangements are now being
made to have the trucks stored, but
no definite action has resulted at this
time, the board chairman explained.
Minor changes were effected in one
or two bus routes, eliminating a mile
or two and reducing costs slightly.
All members of the board were
present with the exception of Mr. Jav
an Rogers, who is ill at his home in
Bear Grass.
THE 2,000 MARK
+ - ■ - i
Slips Arc Issued To Man'
Auto Owners Requiring
Them to Buy Licenses
Many slips have been handed mor
torists in this vicinity who were driv
ing their cars without new tags at
tached. In giving the little slips, Pa
trolman Braswell warned the owners
that the next step would be arrest
with the victim subject to prosecu
tion. Cars have been driven under
shelters, but by some means unknown
to many persons, numerous auto own
ers have viiited the bureau and pur
chased their new plates.
The bureau here will remain open
until the 15th of next month, but it is
believed that proaecution will be or-.
[ dered any day now for those who at
tempt to operate their cars without
proper licenses.
I According to reports released' late
yesterday, the local automobile license
bureau is nearing the total sale of tags
'reported for last year, the bureau hav
ing sold 1,515 auto plates and 185 truck
tags up until yesterday, as compared
!with a few over 1,900 sold at the bu
jreau altogether last year.
Sale ot Town Licenses Is
About Half-Way Mark;
No Arrests Yet
• -
The sale of town automobile tags
here was netting the half-way mark
yesterday, when the treasurer's office
reported that more than 100 of the
yellow-black plates had been procured
by car owners.
No indictments have been made a
gainst those car owners who /4tave
failed to display the tags on their cars,
but they will be subject to prosecu
tion within the next few days if they
do not purchase the plates, Chief of
Police W. B. Daniel stated yester
Approximately 250 tags were sold
in the town last hardly more
than 215 will be bpiight this year, as
H it believed that many cars will go
out of use and not be replaced for the
In the Great Smoky Mountain Na
tional Park, Tennessee, is a spring
.which discharges water for 7 minutes
and than remains inactive lor f min
utca—thus alternating continuously
from an active to inactive state with
clock-Hke precision.
Commissioners Accept Role
of Welfare Agents In
Aiding the Poor
Other than handling a few tax prob
lems, the Martin County commission
ers, out of necessity, accepted the role
of welfare agents at their regular
monthly meeting held yesterday.
Nine new names were added to the
county poor list, bringing the number
up to 102, and calling for a monthly
expenditure for county unfortunates
up to nearly S3OO, aside and apart from
the expense incurred in the operation
of the county home and the care of its
increasing number of inmates. AH
day long the commissioners listened
to the pleas of the poor, refusing aid
in several cases and doing their best
to alleviate suffering in others. Rou
tine business was completed before the
noon hour, and the officials were ready
to adjourn but for the continued num
ber of calls for aid. Thorough inves
tigations were made in each case, the
commissioners refusing aid to two or
three applicants who had recently left
Pitt County and settled in Martin.
A. T. Lilley, Jamesville Township,
was relieved of the payment of spec
ial school taxes, listed in error.
Thomaj U. Rawls, Bear Grass Town
ship, was allowed $2.50 a month, coun
ty poor account.
Mrs. Effie Mobley, Robersonville
Township, was allowed $2.50 a month,
account county poor.
The commissioners provided Henry
Baker with $45 for hospital treatment,
making the allowance under the
dition that he raise the remainder of
the amount necessary from other
Recommendations were made to the
State Highway Commission, asking
that body to place on the State road
map the One-mile stretch of roal start
ing at Holly Springs
way No. 90, running by Luy*m Har
dison's and back into No. 90 below
Mr. Andrews'.
James Ed Sniithwick, aged colored
man of Williamston Township, was
allowed $2 a month, county poor ac
Peter Thompson, colored, of Goose
Nest, will share in the poor fund to
the extent of $2 a month.
Mrs. Charlie IVrry was allowed the
sum of $2 a month for a period of
three months.
Taxes on $425 listed by error in
Hamilton Township, by Alice Eorrest
for the years 1928, 1929, and 1930
were refunded and applied on the 1931
A relief order was granted W, H.
Gray for taxes on $1,500 mortgage
exemption allowed by law.
Mrs. Charlie Whitaker, Cross Roads
Township, was allowed $1.50 a month.
Frances Keys, colored, of Jamesville
Township, was allowed $1.50 a month.
The resignation of Mr. J. H. Ed
mondson as constable in Hamilton
Township was accepted. Mr. Edmond
son goes with the "State Highway
Mrs. Ola Simpson'was allowed $3 a
month for a period of three months,
Wilson Manning, aged man of Ham
ilton Township, was admitted to the
county home.
% Leon Hack, Jamesville Township,
was allowed $2 a month, account coun
ty poor.
Finland Farmers Going 
Bankrupt In One Group
Helsingfors, Finland, Jan. 4. —Small
farmers of Finland, who said they
were in distress, decided today to
sign a mass petition in bankruptcy.
The obligation of those who have
signed the petition total 300,000,000
Finnish marks (about $4,500,000). The
petition would be filed with the gov
ernment whenever debtors owing a
total of 1,000,000,000 marks had sign
ed it.
Senator Wheeler Proposes
the Free Coinage of Silver
The cause of silver was again ad
vanced yesterday, when Senator Bur
ton K. Wheeler, of Montana, intro
duced a bill in Congress for the free
coinage of silver on a 16-to-l ratio.
Back in 1896, William Jennings Bry
an, the Great Commoner, pleaded for
the same thing, and even though he
is dead, the spirit of his pleadings con
tinues on.
Emergency freight ratee, recent
ly Vanted the Railroads of the
country, went into effect Monday,
I causing no great change in tft*
! coat of shipments from this sec
j ticks. 1 liti s late shipments (are
- not affected, it was learned at the
local oAce of the Atlantic Coaat
Use Ksilroad thia week.
. Peanut, tobacco, and fertiliser
shipments to point outside the
State carry an increase of 1 cent
par 140. pounds, it is understood.
Few Tenants Are Moving This
Year; Few Have Places To Go
South Sells at Low Figure
and Pays East a High
Price for Its Goods
In an address made before the State
Legislature of Mississippi, Dr. James
S. Thomas, University of Alabama, in
discussing the relation between agri
culture and industry in the South, a
mong other things, said:
Much of the farmer's prosperity is
dependent upon industry. The East
is industrialized and will be glad for
us to continue a • predominantly agn
cultural people, feeding them at low
prices while they continue their in
dustrial development by making neces
sary articles for us at high prices.
The East may be suffering from
overindustrialization as we suffer
from under-industrialization. Hut
there is no argument about who gets
the wealth in this unequal balance of
industry and agriculture between the
East and the South."
This is simply another way of tell
ing us that the balance of- trade is
alarmingly against the Southeastern
Most of us will admit that our in
terests are predominantly agricultural
—that we are heavy producers and
shippers of raw products—that our
markets are long-distance markets—
and that we do not retain a reasonable
share of crop-dollars produced. But
what can we do to help this situation?
Every chamber of commerce in
every city and town in this section is
aware that we are undec ; industrialized,
and a constant clamor goes up for in
dustries. Industrial growth, however,
is slow, and of necessity msut 1h- slow
to be safe. We can not have indus
trial development simply because we
want it and need it: But if we .do de
sire it strortgly enough and keep on
wanting it, we may, in time, work out
a program under which we can suc
ceed in raising local capital with which
to finance numbers of small industrial
plants suited to our conditions. , At
the same time, we should, of course,
keep in touch with outside capital and
industry that may be restless and in
clined to seek new fields.
As ljmg, however, as we continue to
ao willingly send our agricultural dol
lars north and west to buy processed
food and feed and thousands of house
hold and farm articles, many of which
could he made in the South, just so
long will our capable neighbors eager
ly cater to our desires and needs.
We often hear that "A fair exchange
is no robbery;" and it would be emi
nently unfair for us to say that our
industrial neighbors, beyond our bor
ders, have filched us of the new agri
cultural wealth created year after year.
They have bought quantities of our
unprocessed goods, but unfortunately
'the dollars paid for these products
[have had strings tied to them. We
J have been permitted only to finger this
money momentarily and then it was
'pulled back home. Dr. Thomas puts
it this way:
j "Dollars dropped on the ground here
'in the South since the Civil War start
rolling and never stop until they get
down deep in some Yankee's pocket."
Several years ago, Dr. E. C. Bran
son, University of North Carolina, in
referring to our unsound economic con
dition, said that seven out of every
ten cotton and tobacco dollars go
1 North and West to pay for food and
, feed that could be produced here in
the South. He'might have added that
j the other three dollars also take wings
and fly away to pay for goods which.
•in part, (night be made nearer home.
| A dollar saved for circulation with
in our borders has the value of many
dollars spent elstwhere, so let's start
the New Year with intensive study in
each and pvery community in the
South to learn how we can make and
save mora dollars for more skillful and
therefore more beneficial spending than
has been practiced in the past.
Equality of trade between all sec
tions produces a healthy business con
dition; but when the balance of trade
is too largely against particular sec
tion, an unhealthy economic condition
arises, due to this lack o£ balance.
This condition should be remedied
promptly to produce the best results
for the whole country.
120 Pejsons Lose Lives in
■A New Year Celebrations
More than 1?0 persons lost their
live* during New Year's Eve, the next
day and Saturday in the pnited States
it was learned yesterday from press
repggM. Deaths (Ami New Year cele
bration! resulted in more than a score
of deaths, highways, of nearly every
state and airways of the Middle West
resulting in nearly 100 others. j
Order o
For Far
With all the major crops about
marketed in this section of the
State, farmers are turning their
attention to meat packing for the
coming season. The work is be
ing carried on very rapidly in this
county at this time, and it now
looks as if the ole hog jowl and
cornbread with home-made mo
lasses as a finishing touch are com
ing back into their own as never
Unusual hog killings have been
reported throughout the section,
farmers everywhere stating that
they have plenty of 'taters, corn
and meat to run them twelve
months or longer.
Killing a one-year-old tiog last
week, Mr. John A. Ward packed
away, more than 400 pounds of
meat for use during the coming
Leaders Assure President
That program Will Be
Hastened If Possible
Washington, Jan. 4. President
Hoover sent a surprise message to
Congress today renewing his appeal
for prompt passage of his proposals
for bettering business, and in response
lie received fresh assurances that in
ter-party differences would not delay
their enactment.
Leaders of both parties were quicß
to say that consideration of the Chief
Executive's legislative program would
be hastened as much as possible.
"The need is* manifestly even mote
evident tlvat the date of my mes
sage a month ago," Mr. Hoover said.
"We can and must replace the un
justifiable fear in the country by con
-1 fidencc.'
"Our justified hope and confidence
for the future rest upon unity of our
people and of the government in
prompt and courageous action. Action
in these matters my Congress will go
far to re-establish confidence."
The Senate Hanking Committee
spent most of the day at work on
the key bill of the President's pro
gram, a measure to establish a s2',-
000,000,000 ■ reconstruction corporation
'equipped with $500,000,000 of govern-
Iment money, the remainder to be
| subscribed privately! 1 After deliber
ating for six hours, the group failed
'to reach an agreement, and decided
,to continue its study tomorrow.
[ Party leaders of both branches of
Congress meanwhile joined in pre
dicting prompt consideration.
"We will give the administration's
economic program the first practical
consideration," said S|>eaker Garner,
of .the Democratic House. Represen
tative Kainey, the Democratic floor
leader, said:
"We would have co-operated in the
absence of Mr. Hoover's message."
"We are going to work out this
program just as rapidly as we can,"
said Senator Watson, of Indiana, the
Republican leader. "The reconstruc
tion finance corporation bill is about
ready for Senate consideration and
will be taken .up promptly."
Senator Robinson of Arkansas, the
Democratic leader, staid "everything
possible is being done to secure
prompt disposition of the reconstruc
tion finance corporation bill and I
expect favorable action on it in a
short time." He said Close study was
being given other measures
by the President, but emphasized
Democrats were not delaying or a
voiding action on the program.
Many Lawyers Retained
In F. & M. Bank Suits
According to rumors heard here and.
there, unemployment among lawyers
in Eastern North Carolina is just a
bout to end. The rumors maintaffr
that stockholders of the old Farmers
and Merchants Bank have retained
lawyers all over the section, prepara
tory to contending the suits brought
to procure stockholders' liability.
With a few exceptions, notice of the
suit has been "served on all the stock
Visiting Father
Mr. Irving Rogers, of Boston, ar
rived in the county Sunday to visit
his father, Mr. Jmn Rogers, who
is ill at his home in Bear Grass.
' Watch the Label On Your
Paper A* It Carrie* the Date
When Your Subscription Expiree
Usual Moving Rush in This
Month Is Conspicuous
By Its Absence
Because they have 110 place to no,
very few tenant families have vacated
the home occupied by them during the
past year, and the moving rush ordi
narily witnessed on the highways and
by-ways in this section has not been
in evidence this year. Landlords who
have carried their tenants during the
past year at a loss, and some for two
or more years, are still lenient in that
they are not forcing the tenants from
their homes, even though no cr»>|> will
Ihe cultivated hy tenants o
farms this year.
It is believed, basing the estimate
on reports received from fanners all
over the county, that more ten ,nVs will
be without crops and homes in this
county during IW2 than ever before.
The landless farmers arc hardly more
than squatter?; on their landloid's land,
where they are awaiting a return of
prosperity or something to turif up.
Some, it is certin, will be forced to
seek shelter in other places, but,
thanks to a majority of the landlords,
the number facing severali««nmths of
winter weather in the wide open spaces
is not so great.
Already the supply "of food has been
exhausted in many homes, and woeful
conditions are following. Several fam
ilies residing in small ( farm houses and
who have followed some other occu
pation are facing serious difficulties, it
was learned from Sheriff ,C. H. Roe
buck and Chief of Police W. IS, Daniel
\ esterday.
Investigating two cases last Friday
and Sunday, the officers found at one
| place a mother and seven children
j with the father away ill. Meal hour
passed time and again, with peanuts
picked up in the fields as the only
food. The children were almost in
rags, and so touching was the scene
that the officers went'to their own
[homes and packed up flour, meat, lard,
potatoes, preserves, and sundry Other
, foods and tarried theniMo the family.
I One of the little tots, the sheriff said,
| just could not wait Tot a meal to be
i prepared and cooked, and he removed
1 the top to a half-gallon jar containing
I prvserves and with bis hand scooped
lup a fair-size helping) the first time.
The sugar carried to the home was
the first seen there in more than four
months, the mother stated/
With a dingy shuck mattress rest
ing on the floyr as their bed, and with
i one ji|uilt fcjr cover, two negro chil
j drcn, ages 6 and 8 years old, were
I'found in the Tyner Town section last
' Friday cooking a little corn meal made
| soggy with water. The father, pro
fessing to be a preacher, would leave
ibis children thexp alone to find their
food the best way they could. Ibe
sheriff talked to the man, and threat
| ened him with arrefct utiles he pro-
Ivided better children.
| There are many similar cases, some
more distressing, others not so bad
in this community, hut as a whole the
majority of the populace is getting a
! long very well, considering unfavor
able conditions existing everywhere.
Son of Mr. and Mrs. F. C.
Bennett, Near Here;
Funeral Last Week
Eli Elton Bennett,'l7 years old, the
son of Mr. F. C. Bennett, of near Wil
liamston, died in a Washington Hos
ptial last week of head trouble with
which he had suffered for some time.
It was first thought that his tonsils
were causing ill health, and an opera
tion followed. Growing gradually
worse, he was later operated on for
mastoiditis, d,ying two weeks after that
Funeral services were conducted at
the home last Monday by Rev. C. H.
Dickey, pa,tor of the local Baptist
I church. Interment was in the Bap
tist cemetery here.
. * His father, a step-mother, three sis
terv Pattie Ray, Velma, and Nina
Bennett, and four brothers, Jasper,
• Garland, Melvin, and Carroll Bennett, •
Farmers Mutual Insurance
Meeting Here Saturday
- The Martin County Branch of the
farmers Mutual Fire Insurance A*»o
ciation will hold its annual meeting of
members in courthouse here next
Saturday morning at 11 o'clock, it has
been announced by . the secretary,
James L. Coltrain.
Members of the organisation are
urged to attend the meeting.

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