North Carolina Newspapers

THE ENTERPRISE Every Tuesday and Friday by The
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Entered at the post office in Williamston, N. C..
at second-class matter under the act of Congress
of March 3. 1879.
Address alt communications to The
and not to the individual members of the firm.
Friday, October 28, 1932
Emphasis on Right Kind of Education
The North Carolina Education Association is urg
ing the State to put more emphasis on the education
of her children, which is a wise thing. And the State
should place primary emphasis on her children. They
should come ahead of roads, banks, or anything else
we have.
The kind of Government we are to have in the fu
ture depends entirely on the kind of education we
give our children today.
Improper education, and the lack of any education,
is the source of most of the "hard times" that we are
now having. And it may be that much of the educa
tion that we are now giving is missing the mark.
For a long time we have educated children upon
the principle of looking after somebody else's busi
ness, and have failed to teach the principles neces
sary to take care of our own business. This system
needs to be changed Instead of trying to educate
every child to be a lawyer, a doctor, a teacher, a poli
tician, or a bookkeeper, we must educate them to be
common laborers who know two things: First, how
to attend to their own business; and then, sec
ond, to defend their business from the designing graft
ers who have so far succeeded better in milking other
folks than in producing for themselves.
We need to teach that a happy home is the most
valuable earthly possession, and the best way to get
a happy home is to work for it.
The old system of educating a few folks so that
they tould march ahead of the great procession of
the uneducated masses and skim the cream off of
every bit of milk the ordinary, unthinking, and un
educated masses produce must be stopped. It can
only be done by educating everybody, so that when
the grafters begin to sap the blood out of our busi
ness system, all the folks will know it. And when
they know it, they will refuse to stand for it. The
schools must inaugurate a system that will teach the |
pupil that it is honorable to work, and that it gives j
more joy than grafting our existence from the labor
of others. '
Universal education will do more to destroy graft
than all other things put together. We need it and
ought to back it in every corner of the State.
Money Is King
Great Britain stabilized herself to a large extent by
going off the gold standard,, which practically had the
same effect as if she had adopted a system of bi-metal
ism, whereby silver bought goods and paid debts.
She saved herself and snatched trade from the Ameri
can farmer and laborer.
If the American money trust can be broken, so that
other countries can trade with us and we with them,
on a fair and reasonable basis, it will help the busi
ness of all the countries except the graters'. It ought
to be done.
The government now permits the dollar to domi
nate everything as king, emperor, and czar, while cot
ton, corn, wheat, and all other products are serving
in slavery.
A larger volume of money is the country's greatest
need. It will raise the value of commodities and low
er the debt and tax burden.
Army and Navy Domination
Tii French minister of war has taken a fine step !
in prohibiting his generals and other army officers
from speaking on and agitating public policies. He .
should take one step more and prohibit them from
hob-nobbing with governmental law makers.
One of our own government's very biggest mistakes
has been permitting war lords to go before our law
making bodies and advising big army and naval pro
grams. Naturally, having a perfect army and navy
at heart, they have been very extravagant in their
demands, so extravagant, in fact, that we have wast
ed hundreds of millions of dollars.
The habit of permitting the various bureaus to sub
mit their plans, proposals, and demands to appropria
tions committees has bred the most extravagant sys
tem of any nation in the world.
All of our institutions should be more closely al
lied to one central system to insure efficiency in all
and 1m extravagance.
Our Army and Navy boards have gotten the coun
try by the throat and frightened Congress into ex
travagant end needless expenditures.
Get Ready Jor Next Year
People are going to get their living next year from
the seed they plant, the fields they cultivate, and the
harvest their labor brings.
There will be no famine in the Southland if we
will diligently cultivate our idle acres. There will be
no trouble about three meals every day in the year.
The homeless family needs to find a place now and
begin to plan to make a living.
Who Pays the Bill? „ \
——~ 1
Sampson Independent.
Probably corporations are sometimes unusually
dealt with. We have in mind huge corporations
whose business ramifications are so intricate of such
proportions that it is almost impossible for the ablest
of auditors and public accountants to get to the real
facts with regard to their manipulations of their stock
or the value in dollars and cents of their holdings.
Granted that some of these great corporations may
have been dealt with unjustly in the past, a thing
which is in no wise sure, there are other cases by the
score where the public has been deprived of hard earn
ed savings through investments in such companies.
Unfortunately so tremendous has become the activi
ties of many of the great corporations that efforts on
the part of supervising commissions to investigate their
value and their earnings are hampered to such an
extent that results are almost impossible.
Probably no more outstanding example of these
facts has ever been found than in the collapse of the
Insull utilities in Chicago. For years the great cor
porations which were headed by the Insults exerted
such an influence in business life that it was impos
sible for the state of Ilinois to properly restrict and
supervise their activities. Unfortunately the influence
of these corporations through the Insulls, who head
ed them, was extended to the field of politics.
Within recent months the collapse came. Then it
was found that all the time the insulls were milking
the public dry and, through the sale of watered and
worthless stocks, were robbing the ordinary citizen of
life's savings invested in the stock. Not only did the
crash bring ruin to many business enterprises, but
thousands of men and women were left penniless, as
a result of having invested their savings in stock
which proved valueless. V.
And yet the Insulls are still millionaires. Fugitives
from justice, they are living in extravagance on money
illegally taken from the people who trusted them and
their integrity. An uglier word for the transaction
is that they stole, and at that from those who had
worked long and hard for their small savings so taken.
The American government should go to every pos
sible effort to bring back the criminals and mete out
to them the same punishment as to the man who en
ters by stealth and robs in the night. Then so strin
gent should be the restrictions placed around the
other great corporations of this land that a recurrence
of the Insull failure could never be.
Clears the Way tor Better
High Point Enterprise.
A definite advance towards stricter governmental
control of the drafts that are made on the public for
essential utilities was effected yesterday when the Su
preme Court held that the Federal Power Commis
sion has the right to determine the value of an elec
tric company for rate-making purposes.
The question was raised by the Clarion River Pow-,
er Company, of Pennsylvania. The company/after
claiming that it had spent more than eleven million
dollars in the development of its property, attacked
the constitutionality of the Federal water power act.
The power commissioner's experts contended that more
than half of the company'sclaim of investment should
be disallowed. The $11,032,816 was padded to the
extent of $6,387,731, the accountants concluded.
Among the items of costs on which the company
wanted the users of the current to pay dividends per
petually was that for 144 $3 neckties given away as
souvenirs. The company totaled up everything, iii-'
eluding the calendar year, apparently, in arriving at
its total. •
The monstrous padding alleged by the commission's
experts is an interesting illustration of the abuse of
the public that can occur in unquestioned set-ups,
but the vital point in the story is the court's decision
that Congress was within its authority in enacting the
statute. The estimate that a half billion excess draft
is made upon the users of electricity in the United
States every year, that was made by an employee of
Pinchot, of Pennsylvania, several years ago, is not ex
aggeration of the facts if all rates are based on the
kind of capital claim that the relatively small Penn
sylvania company makes.
A Lawn for the Swine
[ Charleston News and Courier.
By "ploughing up the lawn of the Governor's man
sion, planting it to truck, and stocking the premises
with cows, pigs, and houn' dogs," the Governor-nom
inate of George would render the property useful.
He so said during his campaign, and now some of
the Georgians are wondering whether he shall fulfill
his promise. Swine rooting on the Governor's lawn
would be a pretty spectacle for Atlanta. It would give
that modest town something to tell the nation in
words and pictures, but Mr, Talmadge must have
been "kiddin'" the Georgians. Somewhere in this
land of the free there may be lawns for swine, bur
among them will not be listed that of the lawn of
| the Georgia Governor's mansion.
Well, happy days will soon be here
The old ship of democracy, after an
absence of eleven years, being pilot
ed by Fraklin Delano Roosevelt, is
homeward bound, and will doubtless
sail on the victory bajfd- wagon with
a majority that
000,000, and old'marrrtbover will go
down on the tail-end of a defeated
kite which will terminate his ever
lasting farewell; yes, his everlasting
political farewell. The ceaseless flight
of the years has brought us oiife
jilcJre into the midst of one of the
imfet momentous political struggles in
modern times. After eleven years of
poverty-producing Republican rule,
American people are turning by
'millions to the Democratic fold, inr
eluding Republican voters,, for relief
from the intolerable conditions that
oppress them, and which are the di
rect result of the malfeasance and
monumental incompetency of Hoover
The Republican spell-binders are
going up and down this Republic
preachjff* to the electorate that the
present agression is due to the after
math of 4Tie World War, and
ing it up to the grand old Democratic
Party. Every intelligent human mor
tal is fully aware that a little shaking'
is always followed by war, but just'
as sfeon as the Party was!
restored to power, instead of trying |
to improve matters, they began to fat- 1
ten "the depression by favoritism for!
the privilege few; yes, making the few
rich at the expense of the many. -*— l
It is needless for me to recall the
scandal of the Harding administration,
a» most all are well familiar with the
Teapot Doilte —an administration that
shocked the enirie civilzjed
l ive Coolidge admin' Station sanc
tioned it and remained silent. The
present Administration .serins to have
utterly forgotten it, and has gM'.en
•i deeply in the hole, with i.) pros-'
pei\ of pulling us out
I'.c Democratic par:y is i ialKr
gutably opposed to every .n
Hoover's political creed, if Hoover
ever had a political creed, or any wcll
the outbreak of the late World War
the Hate Woodrow Wilson was look
ing for a food distributor, .and by
some reason or other happened to run
across Hoover and made him food
administrator, and I never have deem
ed that it necesMrily required much
brain power to dish out food, but
rather muscle power—any one with
plenty of muscle could have handled
it. '
1 It is a matter of history up to that
time that Hoover never had cast *
'ballot in this country, as he had spent
23 years of his adult life in foreign
climes—over half of his adult lift.
JDuring his sojourn in foreign lands
it is a matter of record that he was
always partial towards foreign farm-|
era and against American farmers; in
other words, causing foreign farmers J
to get more for their product* than 1
American farmers. He is what might j
be termed a mugwump, anything for
office, regardless of party, and every |
singje, solitary time that he leaped be !
has' obtained an office, and let's hope
that he has made his last leap. Yes;'
he is against the American farmer,
upon whose shoulder the abekmone (
of the world rests.
I recall a speech delivered by the j
lat, able, fearless parliamentarian and
statesman, James G. Blaine, one a- J
mong the greatest men the Republi
can party ever possessed, who said;
that agricultural interests are by'
far the larptit in the nation and are.
entitled, in erery adjustment of reve-j
I nue laws, to the fullest consideration.
Any policy hoatile to the fullest de-!
velopment of agriculture in America
I »
I must be abandoned. To our regret
I that policy has been ignored, and the
American farmer is the forgotten man.
| Hoover has had a chance, and has
proven to be a complete failure, and
has almost ahook this Republic from
| center to circumference, which has
, wrought the molt depressed times in
human history. The American elec
torate demands a change, a leader,
an dthat man is Franklin Delano
Rooievelt, who will lead us out of
the Egyptian darkness into the light
of a brighter day. Our plight
is the fruitage of Republican misrule,
class legislation, governmental favor
itism, high tariff laws, legalized graft,
mischievous meddling with legitimate
business, unequal distribution of the
burdens and benefits of government,
waste and extravagance in the ex
penditure of public fund*. Most of
the troubles our government now en
counters, and moat of the dangers
which impend over our nation have
sprung from an abandonment of the
legitimate objects of government by!
our national legislature.
The majority of our wealthy men
have not been content with equal
tection, and equal rights, but have be
sought us to make them richer by
Last and Final
* I
* '
i , : . iv , . ■> - * •
* •
act of Congres. In fact, the present
Republican leaden have gone in bus
iness with the government, thereby,
squeezing and sucking the life-blood |
out of the masses, and we are now ,
face to face with the most gigantic |
depression since the dawn of time.
Privilege still remains at the helm, 1
.. , 1
and the average man has not got a
chance—not a look-in—and it is high |
time to knock those political vultures.
into a cocked hat.
I recall 20 years aga, after the late |
Woodrow Wilson had been nominal-,
ed for the presidency, I' repeat part'
of an address delivered at Wheeling,!
W. Vs., in which he said in one of j
his stronger utterances ni condemna
tion of the trusts. He said the thing
that has created the trusts, the thing
that created the monopoly is unregu l -!
lated and unfair competition. He fur.'
ther said that if those gentlemen of
the trusts had a period in the peniten- |
tiary to contemplate what hey were {
doing hey would cease from troubling -
The Grand old Democracy of
nation hasjoined issues with the Re-,
-r- I
publican party in this campaign. All
these things the Harding-Coolidge-,
Hoover administrations believed in
Friday, October 28, 1
and practiced. All these thins* are
contrary to the genius and spirit of
democracy, which is the traditional
foe of the principles and policies thst
have produced the most nnparallelled
depression in all of the mighty tide
of time. Democracy pleads for leg
islative formulas that will bring the
greatest good to the greatest num
bers. So long as our Republic en
dures, the Democratic party has a
mission, and will survive to fight the
battle of the masses for social justice
and orderly constitutional government.
Though routed in 1928, the Demo
cratic party, pHoenix-like, /emerged
from the ashes of defeat and renewed
their strength like the young eagles
in their upward flight. Its gaping
wounds bear mute, but eloquent, tes
timony of its valor and fortitude.
Yes, the Democratic party comes
forth, stands erect, moves forward,
grimy with the smoke of innumerable
battles, bearing the scars of countless
combats, and with confidence and un
flinching courage faces the future, its
head bloody but unbowed, its soul un»
and unconquerable.
i Just 189 years sgo, a Virginia moth
er gave birth to the Father of Dem
| ocracy, the greatest humanitarian since
i Jesus of Nazareth—Thomas Jefferson.
It came as a voice from heaven to the
beleagured, the down-trodden, and op
pressed under every sky, and in every
age and clime.
Let us hope that the golden oawn df
a grander day sWaits us. Let us pray
' and hope that this mammon-serving
and unpstriotic age will pass, as passed
the ge of brutish ignorance, as passed
the age of tyranny. Let us pray that
the day is near when we will no long
|er place the badge of party servitude
above the crown of American sover
eignty, the ridiculous oriflamme of
foolish division above Old Glory's
star-gemmed promise of everlasting
' unity; when Americans will be in
1 spirit and in truth a band of brothers,
I the wrongs of one the concern of all;
J when brains and patriotism will take
I precedence over boodle and partisan
' ship in our nationol polities; when
• labor will no longer fear cormorant,
! nor capital the commune; when every
I worthy and industrious citiaen may
I spend his declining days, not in some
i charity ward, but in the grateful shad-
I ow of his own vine and fig-tree, the
| loving lord of a little world hemfed
| by the sacred circle of a home.
' Change is of the universe,
and nothittjtslrtfc. "We must go for
waijjl, yiojgo. backward—we
! must on || gander heights, to
greater glories, or see the laurels al
ready won turn to ashes on otir brow.
We may sometimes slip; shadows may
! obscure our path; the boulders may
bruise our feet; there may be months
of mourning and days of agony; but
' however dark the night, hope, a pois
' ing eagle, will ever burn above the
1 unrisen morrow.
Williamston, N. C.

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