VOL. XI., NO. 32 "REMINISCENCES." Biographical and Historical Sketch by Dr. P. S. Hicks, Treating of Local Persons and Scenes. We dug pits and threw up breast worksall night. We remained there two weeks and were released and fell back about two hundred yards where the second breastwork was formed. The place we had just left was where the mining and blow up took place. I saw it but it is too tedious to describe here. At that place I was appointed gunner, to fill the place of Corporal Slate, who was killed by a stray picket—shot in the night Letween our lines and the yankees' while out getting Irish pota toes. I went from forge driver to water carrier, and from water carrier to gun ner. To be a gunner was on the line of promotion, but that kind of promo tion didn't suit me. A gunner in artil lery is a most responsible and daring position in a battery. At this period of the war soap had become an object, and was much needed. I was in possession of a se cret for making soap without lye or grease, so now was the time for me to show what I could do —get a position to make soap that would wash me away from the front and giv.e up my place as gunner. I precsed it and it worked well. I told my captain of my skill in making soap and ho at once endorsed me for that purpose, and said I was the right man for that place, and gave me permit to our Colonel, John C. Haskell, of South Carolina. I went at once to his tent, and he asked me in. I made him acquainted with my ability as a soap-maker and he at once approved my application, exempted me from ail other duties and from answering roll gall, and gave me a permit or" pass, to go and come from Richmond or Petersburg at will, and to have my headquarters to suit my convenience. I was to furnish my own chemicals and furnish our bat '.alio.M jtfisni. ;,ad tt: profit. Soap was greatly in demand in and around Richmond and Petersburg, and from that time on to the close of the war, about twelve or eighteen months, I had the best position of the kind, to be in. the war at all, of any man I knew. I drew all the clothing I need ed. I drew no rations at all but messed with the commissary and had plenty to eat. That is a grand thing for a soldier they say. Time passed on and at last we moved to the north side of James river, four miles below Richmond on Game's farm, near the place where I first went in camp when I first entered the As I said before my quarters were with the commissary at the wagon yard. On Saturday evening the Ist of April, before the surrender on the 9th, we got orders in our camp to be across Mayo' 3 bridge by 9 o'clock that night and to leave all of our tents and most of oir cooking utensils and to move with &s little other burden as possible. I packed up, put all the soap I had on hand in our commissary wagon and gave niy tent and other camping things to an old citizen. I took my blanket, my knap sack and one oilcloth, canteen and tin cup, and bid good-by to Gaine's farm and then let out for Richmond. I took one man with me—Smithwick —a man of my company who had been disabled from the explosion of a" cannon. He had been home on a furlough and had come back after a discharge, but no time then to talk about a discharge. We let out for Richmond on our own hook, and got there a little after dark. Things were in an awful condition when we reached Richmond. The saloons had been taken by the marshails, all the whiskies, brandies, etc., confiscated and poured out into the gutters of the streets and it was rushing and roaring down the sidewalks as if it had been a shower of rain. I could hear and see soldiers scraping and dipping up whis key with their tin cups, drinking and pouring some into their canteens. Orders had come from headquarters to secure all good horses from the citi zens and take them along. It was a terrible time in Richmond that night. Horses were hidden in dwelling houses and even many a parlor that night was packed full of horses. There were lots of burglars and plunderers at work that night. I had a watch that I had left in a shop for repair, but was afraid to call for it as the door was closed and was afraid of being shot, so I went on until I got to the corner of 14th and Main Street, which leads to Mayo's bridge. If lam not mistaken on that corner there was a large brick building and at that time it was used as a storage for Confederate goods, clothing, shoes, etc. There were a number of soldiers stand ing around the building crying out. "throw out some more, or we will break in!" Yes, there were a lot of men up stairs at the windows throwing out shoes and the soldiers below were 9ke i/iceku Mount Hieeord. scrambling for them. I stopped a min ute and viewed the scene. Smithwick proposed to me to stop over all night, said we might make something worth staying for. I told him he could stay If he wished, but I must go on, so he de cided to go with me. I had not gone but a few steps before I stumbled over a pack of nice clean underwear lying in the middle of the street. It was a God send to me, for just about that time I needed them. We crossed the bridge and stoped all night at a place known as McDonalds Hotel, a large wooden building in the center of Manchester, but was used as a hotel at that time. Smithwick and I slept on the second floor in a large room with the doors open all night so as to keep a lookout and to listen. Smithwick was asleep. I was lying in the east door, as it was looking down James river, my elevation was such that I had a good view. I think about midnight, I saw a tremend ous flash of light in the element at the same moment a terrible jar. It was the "Merry Mack" the noted Confed erate war ship. It was evacuated and blown upon purpose by the Confederates to keep it from falling in the hands of the Yankees. The jar frightened Smith wick and gave him the night mare and he galloped off hollowing "we are gone, we are gone." I woke him up and told him we were not gone yet but soon would be. We slept no more that night, we could hear a hollering and fussing ov*.r in Richmond all the balance of the night. Next morning I went to Richmond to see how things were getting along. When I got to the foot of the bridge there were three or four generals who seemed to be consulting over the con dition of things. I spoke to them and asked if it would bd safe for me to cross. One of them asked me which side I wanted to be on, I told him the side I # was on. He then told me If I crossed it would be at my own risk that he did not know how long it would be before the bridge was burned. ' (Tv> W continued. / * State Farmers Union Organized. Charlotte, April 1. —Preliminary steps were taken here today at the convention of the members of about a score of county unions to formally organize the North Carolina Farmers' Union, the twelfth state to be thus added to the ranks of the union now numbering two million farmers. The opening exercises were held at ten o'clock in the morning and were open to the public. The farmers immediately thereafter went into secret session, and tonight completed and adopted &• constitution for the state organization. There will be meetings tomorrow when a full quota of officers will be elected and the state union formally launched. There are ap proximately one hundred delegates present. Mr. Barrett, national head of the union stated that the preliminary work in this state nad been more prom ising than in any of the other eleven states organized. There are several delegates from the mountains of Che rokee, while the entire state is likewise well represented. The membership is confined not alone to cotton planters but to all farmers and agriculturists and none others are eligible. The organization claims its origin in Raines county, Texas, lour years ago. Mr. G. W. Fant, of Texas, has been in the state five months perfecting the organ ization of the counties. There are over five hundred members in Mecklenburg. Russell Williams Hilled in Runaway. J Thursday morning Russell Williams, the 17-year-old son of ex-Deputy Sheriff James Williams, of Nash county, met a violent death in a runaway near his home at Hilliardston, Nash county. The young man was hauling fertilizer from the railroad station, to his home, when his team got unmanageable and ran away. He was thrown from the wagon against a tree and his skull was crushed, causing instant death. Deputy Sheriff Williams was officer under Sheriff Warren for a long time and 13 a well known and prosperous farmer of Nash county. Post Office Receipts. The receipts for the year ending Mar. 31st, at the Rocky Mount postoffice amounted to $17,626.27, against $15,- 084.63 for the previous year, a gain of $2,350.64, or about 17 per cent for the year. Considering the general depres sion in business throughout the country for the last half of the year the increase in the postoffice receipts in Rocky Mount shows up well for the city. When you are looking for high grade shoes, 6f course Cochran's is the place Edwin Clapp's, for men, leads. A Newspaper For The Home. ROCKY MOUNT, N. C., 1 HIS BODY HORRIBLY MANGLES. J. E. Holmes, Young Car Inspector, Instantly Hilled on the Yards at South Rocky Mount. * Mr. J. E. Holmes, a young man from l Mt. Olive who came to take a position as car inspector on the yards at South Rocky Mount only two days before, was instantly killed while attending to his duties early Friday morning. He was under a box car on a track in the mid dle yard, adjusting a coupling when the engine to take the train out came back, and, striking the "string" with much force sent the cars back several car lengths. Holmes was caught unawares and was thrown across the track and was run over. He was horribly mangled and died instantly. Both legs and one arm were cut off, and a part of his right side was mashed off by the wheels Pieces of his body were scattered about for some distance. These were gathered up and placed in a coffin and sent to his people in Mt. Olive. Mr. Holmes was apparently about 24 years old and un married. , Nr. R. L. Davis Speaks on Prohibition Rev. R. L. Davis, State organizer for the Anti-Saloon League, addressed an audience of several hundred in the First Methodist Church Sunday after noon, in which he sounded a clarion call to arms of the friends of the cause, cautioning against the danger of in difference, and appealing to the voters of the east to join the aroused west in rolling up a majority for prohibition in State election 26th, that will for ever pu? Tv- • m North Carolina x' e questioi. « ho sal; and manufacture of whiskey in the State. He pictured i in graphic style the evils of 'in temperance and its great financial cost to the State. In voting prohibition, the speaker said,' the manhood, that best of all assets of a ccrrimunity, "' ioiy..*-'.- " 1 .1 t y • *"\ - "ife! having temptation removed. Mr. Davis told of the progress of the campaign ar.d wss especially enthusias tic about tho west. He also address d audiences at North and South Rocky Mount, Sunday, in vvhicn much interest was manifest in the work in each placo „ Will Shoot Projectile Over 300 Miles London, April 1. —The government expects today the report confirm!; g the claim of W. S. Simpson a well known metallurgist, who his i vented' an electric cannon that is capable of throwing a projectile 300 miles. Col. Maude, one of the foremost authorities is now testing the said gun today- "The cannon will revolutionize all naval construction, forcing its aban donment of armour, making the speed the primary requirement of all fighting vessels, the gun is very simple in con struction and with it it will be possible to bombarb Paris from London."- The inventor, Mr. Simpson, said the gun represents as great an advance over the ones used now as the electric light over the candle. Simplicity in its constructions, han dling prime factors. It is cheaper than ordinary artillery and lasts one hundred times as long. The weapon develops a velocity of thirty thousand feet per second and experts say it can discharge fifty shells of 50 poundseach per minute. An Unusual Case el Trespass. A rather extraordinary case of tres pass was tried before 'Squire Harris, Tuesday, in which the defendant is a young man who works at the A. C. L. shops at South Rocky Mount, and the trespass consisted in his going to the home of his sweetheart after being for bidden by the father, who objected to his suit for the young lady's band. Mr. B. F. Weaver, father of the young lady, was prosecutor and the defend ant was Willie Joyner. There was no bitterness on the part of the prosecu tor. the action* being brought in the court rather to show the ardent young suitor that he must respect the father's wishes in the matter. Judgment was suspended on the payment of the cost, but the young man was warned that a fine of $25 would be imposed if he re peated his visit. A Narrow Escape. (Tarboro Southerner.) Lonnie Pittman, colored, who is em ployed by E. Miller, proprietor of the Cyclone Department Store, masticated two rat biscuits with relish this morn ing, and two hours later learned of his mistake. He hastily went to the Edge combe drug stbre, where J. K. Hollo well administered antidotes. Although his condition is serious, he will recover. Pittman ate the poison ous biscuits, thinking they were cakes. URSDAY, APRIL 9, 1908.* Published Every Thursday Morning'. SOCHY MOUNT HASH,OOO POPULATION Marvelous Growth of the City Since 1900 When Census Showed Only , 2900 Inhabitants. The city of Rocky Mount and its environs now have a population of 11,000 This is a conservative estimate based upon a police census just com pleted showing a population within the corporate limits of 7,882. This census reßgrt does not include the suburban population of the Falls, the settlement west and southwest of Little Raleigh, a large part of Happy Hill and 300 living beyond the corporate limits, near the cemetery, numbering fully 3,000 in all, of whom are in the jurisdiction of the recorder and work within the limits of the city. The census of 1900 gave Rocky Mount a little more than 2,900 and the growth of the city within seven years to 11,000, or an increase of nearly 400 per cent, is onparalelled in the history of North Carolina and is incomprehensible to people not familiar with the city's growth. This growth has been steady and permanent, and business and home building have kept abreast, until now stands a real live, bustling little city where only a decade ago there was a struggling little town. The report of Census taken J. H. Cuthrell shows by wards, within the corporate limits the following : riivt ward: whites, 368; colored, 870. Second ward; whites, 629; colored, 1218 Thr.d ward: whites, 1587; colored, 347. Fourth ward: whites, 1266; colored, 404. !?itth ward: whites, 362; colored, 133. Sixth ward: whites,*42s; colored, 274. That o al population within the city i■' ): .s is 7882. On the Nash side of the 'ailroad there are 3908, and on the Edgecombe side, 3975. There are '6S3 whites and 3246 colored residents vi' hin the city limits. r h 7,£iTtbiupfio/WC The many friends ofV Hon, Mark S. GriSn, Nash's representative in the legislature, will be pleased to see the following extract from a personal com munication Mr. Griffin received a few days ago from Hon. E. J. Justice, speaker of the House: "It gives me great pleasure to say that I found you one of the most faith ful members of the house of represent atives of 1907. You were almost always in your seat and attentive to your legis , lative duties, and according to my opinion you voted right on every propo sition. I congratulate you on the record y?u made, and will be surprised if your constituents do not endorse it. With best wishes, always I am, : Very truly yours, E. J. Justice." Anti-Saloon League Meeting at Nash ville. * Monday the Anti Saloon Leagne gathered at .Nashville and perfected a compact county organization to wage an aggressive campaign for State pro hibition in Nash county There were representatives from every township and much enthusiasm prevailed in the meetirg. Dr. Mercer, Rev. D. H. Tuttle and State Organizer R. L. Davis made elequent speeches for the tem perance cause and others made short talks. It was the opinion of a large majority of those present, who came from all parts of the county, that Nash will give a prohibition majority on May 2oth. Deatb of Aged Lady. The remains of Miss E. H. Bartine, who died in the home for aged and in firm ladies in Raleigh, Tuesday, were brought to this city where she lived up nntil a few years ago, and after the funeral in the Presbyterian church were taken to the Batt's family bury ing ground, three miles from the pity, and buried yesterday. Miss Bartire has a brother, Mr. David Bartine, liv ing in Nash county, five miles from Rocky Mount. She was a New Jersey lady and came south a number of years ago to escape the rigors of ttye north ern climate. • Miss Bartine was 92 years old, and was an art teacher for many years. P ■■ Death oi lis. Boscoe Page. Mrs. Roscoe Page died at her home on Pearl street Monday night at 10 o'clock, of kidney trouble, from which she had been a sufferer for several months. She leaves a husband and one young child to mourn their loss. Mrs. Page was only 20 years of age. The funeral took place from the home Tues day afternoon and the burial followed, in Pine View cemetery, , f Rocky Mount Wins From Warrenton. Rocky Mount High School team de feated Warrenton High School team on the local diamond Friday by the score of 6 to 3, in the fastest game played here so far this Reason. The locals were much more effective with the willow and secured seven hits off Weeks, while Avera only allowed two. Avera's pitching was one feature of tne game. Beginning strong his speed and control was all to the good, only showing a slight weakening in 9th inning. Gunn's brilliant stop at short and quick throw under adverse circumstances was a feature also. Jordan and Hobgood both caught a beautiful game, but Jordan had the best of it in throwing to the bases. The game was spirited from beginning' to end, and, notwithstanding the cold wind prevailing, a targe crowd of rooters were in attendance and felt fully repaid for their discomfort. Rocky Mount has not lost a game so far ' this season and in defeating Warrenton it takes much pride, inasmuch as V 1 arrenton won from Trinity Park High Sthool, and is a strong team. Score by innings: R H E Rocky Mount 300 000 300—6 7 1 Warrenton 000 100 002—3 2 5 Batteries: Rocky Mount, Avera and Joidan; Warrenton, Weeks and Hob good. Umpire: Williford. Time: 1 hour and 35 minutes. Wiiscn High Schoo! Beats So. Ry. Mt. The Wilson High School didn't do a thing to the South Rocky Mount A.. C. L. team, at Wilson, Saturday. The Railroaders succeeded" in blacking the score only once while the Wilson boys formed a continuous procession and marched around the bases 23 times. y • If' . \ \ " The protracted meeting at the M. E. church closed last week with five new members added. Rev. Mr. Everton as sisted by Mr. Browning preached, some very able sermons. Eld. A. J. Moore filled his regular appointment at the Baptist church Sat urday and Sunday and preached good and true gospel sermons, free from all fanaticism, with peace and good will to all mankind. Mr. and Mrs. McDearnian, of Rocky Mount, come Saturday to spend Sunday in the hospitable home of Mr. M. J. Battle. Mr. and Mrs. R. U. Brooks, of Nabh ville, were here last week on a visit. Mr. and Mrs. Aaron Turnage, of Farmville have been here visiting rel atives. The beautiful residence of Dr. J. C. Braswell on corner of Pippin and White Sts., is nearing completion and when finished it will be quite an ornament to that part of our town. Mr. W. H. Bond's show-case in his store was robbed on Saturday evening and two watches taken by two negro thieves. They were spotted Monday morning and arrested and bound over to next term of superior court of Edge combe county. Poor old Brund and Rover begin to howl whenever the church bell tolls as if they have a presentiment that the governor is going to make! a prohi bition speech.' We were glad to meet on our streets Sunday Mr. Walter Ruffin, of Tarboro, one of our former young townsmen, now assistant register of deeds. The governor with all of his brilliant fanatical prohibition oratory will never be able to defeat the peerless American patriot and statesman, Lee S. Overman for U. S. Senator. The idea of asking 150,000 American freemen to vote for a State prohibition law and debar them from manufacturing brandy and cider from their fruits to save 2000 drunkards who have to take "Keeley cure," is simply preposterous and absurd. Fan aticism in its ultra form. We heard a doctor in Richmond who was a close observer say not long ago that he made it a point to watch certain subjects, and the only difference between a whis key fiend and a cocaine fiend was that the whiskey fiend would get sober and if he had done you a wrong his first thought was to make amends, apologize and shake your hand and the cocaine fiend would rob, steal, murder, and commit suicide. "Rolyat." If you are looking for shoes, try Cochran's, where the largest stock and the most beautiful Oxfords are kept; PRICE 5 CENTS HAPPENINGS IN POLICE COUBT. Comedy and Tragedy of a Week as Enacted In Calamity Hall Before Mayor Tborp. Archie DeKayser, colored, who was charged with being a blind tiger, by his sister, was discharged upon preliminary hearing, for lack Of evidence. Will Rackley, a colored youth, was given 30 days on the roads for vagrancy, Thurs day morning, and Jimmie Battle, a 12- year-old negro boy, was discharged for throwing rocks at a woman with the proviso that his aunt give hira a sound thrashing under the eye of a policeman, which was done. Saturday morning Mr. T. K. Red mond pleaded guilty to assault, in strik ing Mr. J, W. Philips, and was fined $lO. The two have been conducting a saloon business at the corner of Tar boro and Washington streets under the firm name of Redmond & Philips, and decided to dissolve, when in an altercation growing out of a disagree ment Mr. Redmond struck Mr. Philips. Parties interfered and stopped the row. An offender against the ordinance forbidding teams being left unfastened on the street was fined $2 dt the sams session Booze was at the ottom of mast of tt\e cases before the recorder Monday morning, and the docket was pretty heavy. Besides some sanitary law of fenders there were: Baldy a colored boy, lor trespassing on 'he property of tne Tar Riv. r Lumber C >.; not guilty, as it was shown the boy lived on the company's tract and worked for them; VVright Battle, xoiored, whom liquor inspired to go to the house of his wife, from whom he is separated, and start trouble, $lO fine with the injunc tion that a road sentence would be im posed next time he appears at the bar; Lige Blackley, for tanking up and whipping a womon, 60 days; Sara Perry 6nV* Richard Battle,- twA Spring llope each in default of $lO fine; Sam Smith, fast driving, due to drinking also, $10; and Estelle Guild and Lula Wrigftt, dis orderyl, $7:50 each. Madison Mitchell, "Snow," as he is familiarly known, was the first mourner in the recorder's court Tuesday morn ing, and the charge was.the same that has been preferred against Snow divers times. A3O days' treatment was ad judged well and fit for hirr) for his latest offense. Dave McDongall. colored, was fined $lO for driving over the fire hose, Monday afternoon. Intemperance Death's Prime Minis ter. Addison tells us that on one occasion Death determined to choose a Prime Minister. All the diseases were per mitted to come before him and argue their claims for the position. First came consumption and urged his claim, showing the thousands he killed in a year and mantaining that though his work was slow it was *ure. Gout hob bled up and put in his claim. Asthma's inability to speak was a strong but silent argument in her favor. Fever plead with burning words her claim. War, pestilence, famine and plague showed the thousands they slew in a day. While all were pleading there was heard the sound of music and dancing and a beautiful woman entered the room and thus addressed all of these diseases! "Stand aside ye band of sickly pretend ers and let me, your lawful mistress take my place." Do not I freed and nurture you all! They asked her name and she answered "Intemperance." On hearing this they all went away and Intemperance assumed her place as Prime Minister of Death a position she has held ever since. Destroy her work in the "Old State on 26th of May. D. H. Tuttle. P. 0. Money Orders For Past Year. The Rocky Mount postoffice handled during the past year, closing Mar. 31st, 14,098 money orders, aggregation $92, 101.30, divided as follows: Domestic, 14,052 orders ane $90,0(59.64 handled; in ternational orders, 40 and $2,091.67 handled. Some idea of the amount of business done at tne local office can be gathered from the above figures, which are for only one branch of the business. Early Horning Services. Rev. D. H. Tuttle will conduct ser vices at the Ist Methodist churcb every morning next week week from 6:15 to 7 o'clock. The subject for Easter ser vice will be an early morning scene in the New Testament] Everybody in vited.

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