ft.M a Year, In Advance.
"FOR GOD, FOR COUNTRY AND FOR TRUTH. "
Single Copy f Cimts.
PLXMOUTH, N, C.. FEIDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 1908.
TA HEEL TO PIC&
v- tcms Galhcrcc from AH Sections of the State J
Tli Grape Black Rot.
This disease prevails in all parts of
North Carolina: In most sections of
the State it is so bad that the grape
?rop is practically ruined "unless prop
er measures be taken to prevent the
The Black rot is easily recognized
from blackening, drying and final
shriveling of the grapes in the clstcrs.
Often all of them shrivel and dry in
this way. Though the disease is sel
dom, noticed until the grape in badly
shrivelled, it may be seen earlier as a
brownr black spot on the berry. Be
fore its appearance upon the fruit at
all it niaj' be found as brown spots,
one-eighth to one-half an inch in dia
meter, on. the leaves or twigs. Very
close; examination of J t he . .'diseased
spots on twigs, leaves, .0 fruit, re
reals the. presence of very small pus
tules in great numbers." -
These pestules are the fruiting bod-
s of the fungus which is the eause
t the black rot, and from these pus
tules issue, immense numbers of spores
which serve to spread the disease.
This disease can be prevented. If
.you saw black rot on your grapes last
year it; will almost certainly be there
again 'this year unless you take steps
to prevent it. Prevention is simple
andsure. It consists in spraying
your, vines with the Bordeaux mix
ture, consisting of six pounds of blue-stones-four
pounds of lime and fifty
. gallons of water. The first applica
tion, -Jailing the spores that are win
teringspn the bark and trellis, should
be rji&tfre before the buds open; the
second -immediately before the blos
soms -"appear; the third, just after
Idossoms appear; the third, just after
blosomfng; the' fourth and;fi'fth at in
tervals of ten to fourteen days there
after. The cost of six sprayings for an
acre of grapes is .about fifteen dollars,
including material . and labor. The
grapes saved will in value far exceed
Kow is the time of year to get your
3piy pump ready if you have one;
to buy "one-if you need to; to prepare
for the spraying needed during the
If you need further information re
garding spraj'ing mixtures, how to
prepare them, spraying pumps, where
to buy them, and what crops and
when to spray, write to the North
CarolinaAgricultural Experiment Sta
tion.' West Raleigh, N. C, for Bui.
193, "Spraying Mixtures and Machin
ery, When and How to Spray." -
The following Bulletins of interest
to fruit growers may be secured upon
Bulletin 182. Apples in North Carolina.-'
Blletin 1S4. Garden and Orchard
Fruits, their Culture and Marketing.
Bulletin 1S5. Black... Rot ; of the
Grcpe in North Carolina" '-and its
Bulletin ISC. Insect and Tungous
Enemeies of the Peach, Plum, Cherry!
Fis: and Persimmon. , -
Bulletin 137. Grapes and Small
. '. - Biologist.
. Death of Mr. R. H. Jordan.
' Charioteer Bpecial.Mr. R. II. Jor
dan, one of the best known druggists
in North Carolina and one... of Cher
lot te's most prominent citizens, died
in his room at the Central Hotel
here on Wednesday and was buried
on Thursday afternoon.
" 1 ' Removed For Saf e'Keeping.
) Asheville, Special. Sheriff Cole
and Deputy Sheriff Sp.ringle, of Mad
ison county, arrived here on train No.
12, bringingSvith them John Ran
dolph, charged with the cruel murder
of his wife several days ago. Ran.
dall was brought here for safe-keep-i-ag.
He is,' however, apparently in
different to the crime charged against
him and seems to have no fear.
Big Cotton Spinners Meeting in June.
Charlotte, Special. The meeting of
the International Federation of Mast
er Cotton Spinners and Manufactur-
rrs will be held in Paris France, Juno
rr H T? Tanner, president of
the American Cotton Manufacturers
Association, will appoint the five dele
gales from that body within a few
la The last meeting ot the Inter
nalional Federation was held 111 At
lanta, Ga., last fall. It is likely that
ouite a number of American spinner
vul atton.l the forthcoming meeting,
.o t.L. Ki:- f:-oa Charlotte.
New Berne, Special. Seneational
developments of the fire here Sunday
morning, in which Williani O'Brien,
an industrious colored man, met his
death. It appears that nothing was
suspected until O'Brien's body had
been lowered m the grave and the last
rites were in progress when Coroner
Jones ordered the, body taken up and
taken to an. undertaking establish
ment, where a postmortem exainina
tion was made. A coroner's jury was
impanelled and that body in consider
ing the matter. The fact that the
toan's skull was- fractured was the
cause of the investigation, and other
incidents tend to make officers suspic
ious that the man met his death by
foul play. It is intimated that
0 'Brien had a difficulty with a neigh
bor shortly before the fire occurred.
While that neighbor has not been ar
rested, he is kept under surveilance
by police until it can be settled to the
satisfaction of the coroner and jury
that the man came to death by acci
dent. O'Brien was well known in the
city and, had an excellent reputation.
The " man under suspect is one of the
most prosperous colored merchants in
Coroner Makes Investigation.
Newbcrn, Special. The death of
William O'Brien, colored, in the ear
ly morning fire Sunday, had so many
suspicious things connected with it
that the coroner summoned a jury
and spent a part of three days in in
vestigating tha affair. . From what
can be learned it is very doubtful as
to foul play, although there is a sus
picion that such could have been the
case. , . . 1
Coast Line Agrees.
Raleigh, Special. Governor Glenn
has received a very interesting and
important letter from President
Thomas M. Emerson, of the Atlantic
Coast Line, dated at Wilmington:
"I have received a copy of the act
of the Legislature passed at the extra
session covering the passenger rale
matter. I note from the same that
you were unable to carry out in full
your recommendation as contained in
your proposal, notably that pari
which provided that the question of
the reasonableness of the proposed
rate be remanded to the corporation
commission at the end of twelve
months' trial. Nevertheless it is our
intention to give our part' of the
agreement the twelve months' trial,
under the conditions as provided for
in our letter of December 28th, 1907.
I have furnished the counsel for the
complaining . stockholders a copy of
this letter. I do add that it is our
intention to readjust inter-State rates
effective if possibe on April 1st."
To this Governor Glenn replied that
he was gratified that tho Atlantic
Coast Line would put the new rate in
to effect -
Among the enw charters are th
Observer Printing House, Char
lotte ; -capital authorized, $25,000 to
begin with, initial, stock, paid in, $6,
000. Incorporating stockholders, D.
A. Tompkins,-20 shares; J. P. Cald
well, 20 shares, B. R. Cates, 20 shares.
Randleman Drug Company, P. A
Hayes, J. H. Waller and others, in
corporators. Initial capital, $1,950.
Charters are granted the Crescent
Hardware Company, at Greensboro,
capital stock $50,000, and the R. W.
Livermore general merchandise com-,
pany, of Pates, Robinson county.
High Point's Bond Issue.
High Point, Special. At a meeting
of the board "of aldermen last weeh
the papers' advertising High Point's
bonds for sale were presented and
accepted. The issue calls for $60,00(
5 per cent coupons, payable April 1st
190S. The issue of these bonds was
by an act of the extra session of the
legislature and is to pay off the float
ing indebtedness of the city.
The Wachovia Loan and Trust Com
pany. Winston-Salem, Special. At 1
meeting of the directors of the Wa
chovia Loan & Trust Company, held
in this city. Mr. Westcott Robinson
a prominent lawyer and citizen oi
High Point, was elected a member ol
the board of directors and also chair
man of the board of managers of the
High Point office. The company has
branch banks at High Point, Salis
bury, Spencer and Asheville.
IN HONOR OF LINCOLN
Birthday of Martyr President
MY TOED SPEAKERS HEARD
A Former Officer in the Confederate
Army Takes Part in the New York
Ceremonies Hearst a Quest of
Honor and a Principal Speaker
Governor Hughes Makes Iwe Ad
New York, Special. Tho 99th an
niversary of Lincoln's birth was fit
tingly observed by the members of
the- Lincoln Fellowship, a recently
organized association of admirersof
tho martyr-President. Addresses
were delieverd by several men of
national reputation. Additional Lin
coln meetings were held at night. The
Lincoln Fellowship is designed to
perpetuato Lincoln's memory and
keep alive his principles and patrio
tism. It is expected to become nat
ional in its scope and character. A
great celebration of the centennial of
Lincon's birth will be held by the
fellowship next year.
One of the charter members is C.
W. McLellan, a retired New York
banker, who was an officer in the
Confederate army. Others who
joined are David II. Bates, Lincoln's
telegrapher in the War Department;
Major J. IB. Merwin, Middleford,
Conn., who was Lincoln's confidential
agnt and who says he dined with
Lincoln in the White House on the
day of the assassination and started
for New York early that evening to
present Lincoln's letter to Horace
Greely, containing the President's
plans for digging the Panama Canal
with two hundred thousand negro
soldiers, with-"Ben" Butler as su
pervisor; Charles A. Tinkler, clerk
in the War Deparlment, and .General
James Grant Wilson, who exhibited
a ring containing strands of hair
from the heads of Washington, Wel
lington, Napeoleon, Alexander Ham
ilton, Lincoln and Grant. Major
Merwin had the original order writ
ten and signed by Lincoln passing
him through the army lines.
The officers are: Major William
Lambert, U. S. A. (retired) of Phil
adelphia, who served under General
Thomas iu the cival war, president;
General James Grant Wilson, C. W.
McLellan, Judd Stewart, New York;
J. B. Oakleaf, of Moline, 111.; Alonzo
Rothschild, East Roxboro, Mass., and
General James Fish, of Minneapolis,
vice-presidents; F. D. Tandy and
Judd Stewart, New York, secretary
and treasurer, respectively.
Hearst at Lincoln Banquet.
New York, Special William Ran
dolph" Hearst, was the guest of honor
and principal speaker at the second
annual Lincoln dinner of the Inde
pendent League at the Hotel Knick
erbocker. John Temple Graves, the
famous Southern editor, now on the
editorial staff of The New York
American, also delivered an address
Other speakers were Frank P. Walsh,
of Kansas City; Charles A. Walsh,
of Iowa; Thomas L. Hisgen, of Mas
sachusetts; Reuben Roble Lyon, of
Bath, N. Y., and John T. McDonough,
Governor Hughes in New York.
New York, Special. Governor
Hughes, observed Lincoln's birthday
as the guest of the Republican Club
of New York and the Union League
of Brooklyn. He expected to mako
Hoosier3 Honor Lincoln's Memory.
Wabash, Ind., Special. Hundreds
of prominent "Iloosiers are here for
the annual celebration of the India
na Lincoln League, , the greatest
State organization in tho country
formed to perpetuate the memory of
Lincoln.' .Among the speakers are
Vice President Fairbanks, Senator
A. J. Beveridgc and Senator Jame3
Captain of General Slocum Convicted
New York, Special. The convic
tion of William II. Van Schaick, cap
tain of th (incursion steamer General
Slocum, which was burned on Juno
15th, 1D04, in East river, with a loss
of over 1,000 lives, was af finned by
the United States Circuit Court of
Appeals. Captain Van Schaick was
convicted of r.eg'.evl of his duty as
captain and was given a soatence of
ten years in prison. Captain Van
Schaick is 70 years old. He has been
at liberty on bail and has been mar
vicfl siuea tho conviction.
A GREAT MOVfMENri
Meeting to Promote Religious
RECEIVED BY IKE FRE5IBENT
A White House Reception to the Re
ligious Educational Association
Same of the Speakers and Their
Subjects A Lincoln Memorial Ad
dress by a RabbL
Washington, Special. In the East
room of the White House President
Roosevelt received the delegation to
tho fifth convention of the Religious
Educational Association, and in a
brief address highly praised their ef
forts to inculcate religious and ethi
cal ideals into the educational system
of the country. He urged a union of
patriotism and piety in the training
of thr young. His speech was greet
ed with applause by the hundreds ol
distinguished clergymen, educators
and college presidents and profess
ors who attended the reception.
The morning session of the conven
tion was principally devoted to a re
sume of the work of the association
during the last year by General Sec
retary Henry F. Cope, of Chicago,
and Dean George Hodges of the Har
vard Episcopal Theological School.
Among those participating in the dis
cussion that followed were President
William H. P. Faunce, of Brown Uni
versity, . President Samuel A. Elliot
of the American Unitarian Associa
tion, Secretary Frank Knight San
ders of the Congregational Sunday
School Society and President Charles
Cuthbert Hall of Union Theological
Seminary, New York.
Department sessions will be held
in the afternoon, following the White
House reception. The theme for tho
third general session at night will
be: - "How Can the Moral and Re
ligious Life of the Nation Be Made
ilore Effective!" The speakers will
include the Rev. Washington Glad
den, of Columbus, O., President Rich
ard Cecil Hughes, of Ripon College,
Professor Rufus M. Jones, of Haver
ford College, and Professor Georgo
Albert Coe, of Northwestern Univer
sity. A feature will be a Lincoln
memorial address by Rabbi Moses J.
Gries, of Cleveland, on "Lincoln's
Contribution to the Moral Life of
Boiler Explodes; Seven Dead.
Sunbury, Pa., Special. Seven men
were killed and more than a dozen
injured by the explosion of a boiler
Monday in the rolling mill of Van Al
len & Co., at Northumberland, two
miles north of here The dead are:
Grant Reeder, aged 40 years, married.
Edward Kieps, aged 38, married.
William Brouse, aged 40, married.
Samuel Sarvis, aged 46, married. Du
val Clark, aged 43, married. John
Scholvin, aged 50, married. Thomas
Jones, aged 65, married.
Cannot Find Missing Steamer.
Norfolk, Va., Special. The United
States revenue cutter Onondaga re
turned to port Monday after an un
succsccful search at sea for the miss
ing steamer Blufields . bound from
Jacksonville to Philadelphia.
News in Brief.
President Roosevelt asked the Sen
ate to act quickly in regard to nec
essary changes in the tariff on Ger
An uproar in the Reichstag follow
ed Chancellor von Buelow's refusal
to reply to a Socialist interpellation
on the Prussian suffrage.
Horses' Kick Causer. Paralysis.
Lead, S. D., Special From the kick
of a horse sustained a week ago, Geo.
W. Glover, son of Mrs. Mary Baker
G. Eddy, Christian Science leader, is
suffering from paralysis of the right
leg. The horse's kick re-opened an
old gunshot wound suffered in tho leg
during "tho civil war.
Appropriation Eill in Eouce.
Consideration of the legislative, ex
ccutivo end judicial appropriation
bill, no of the great supply measures
of tho government, was begun in the
House Wednesday. Mr. Bingham, of
Pennsylvania, explained the details oi
the measure. He too!; occasion, how
ever, to remind ti c House of the
wr.n-ins jJven by M. Tawney thai
unless appropriations vcre kept down
'tho country would face a largo defi
cit. Consideration of the bill had
not hecn concluded when tho IIouso
28 ARE BURIED ALIVE
While At Work Winers Quickly
HEROIC RESCRE WORK BEGUN
Breaking Dam Sends Flood of Mud
TJpoa Miners Engaged in Mid
Vall7 Colliery, Near Mount Car
PottsvilU, Pa., Special. Twenty
eight miners were imprisoned in the
Mid-Valfey Colliery near Mount Car
rael Monday morning by the breaking
of a dam of water which had formed
in a drift whieh caused a rush of
mud into a gangway where the men
were at work. All day long a party
of rescuers endeavored to reach tho
entombed men and shortly after 6
o'clock they were given encourage
ment by sounds of digging from tha
inside. Later a shot was also heard,
indicating that the men were at work
to effect their own rescue and also
giving assurance that the air is good.
Among the men entombed aro a
number of experienced miners and it
is believed that it will be possible to
effect the rescue of all the men unless
some of them should have met death
by bng smothered in the rush of
mud when tho dam broke.
Behind a Sea of Mud.
Seven of the number are Ameri
cans. The men have been employed
in No. 4 drift of the east side gang
way driving a heading to the sur
face. The heavy rains and thaw of
the last few days had caused a great
dam of Water to accumulate in No.
90 breast of No. 4 drift and the
pressure became so heavy that it
finally broke through and a great sea
of mud flowed into tho Gangway
whero tho men were at work. It
filled it for a distance of about S50
feet and it will be necessaiy to dig
through this great barrier of mud to
get at the workmen from this direc
tion. Three different rescuing par
ties have been put to work in an en-,
deavor to release tho entombed men.
One force is digging away the great
bank of mud which fills the gang
way. Another gang is engaged in
driving a heading from an adjoining
sranjrway, while a third force has
been put to work at the point where
the entombed men were to have
driven the heading to the surface
from the gangway in which they aro
now imprisoned. It is believed that
the last named gang will be the firs';
to reach the entombed men and it is
hoped to be able to get them out or
give them food and drink by
Work of Rescue.
The work of rescue is under the
direction of Mine Inspector James A.
O'Donnell, of the fourteenth district,
assisted by Inspector B. I. Evans, of
the fifteenth district. O'Donnell has
a force of 100 men working under
him and they are taking turns in
regular relays of two hours' work
and four hours' resi.
The noise of men working with
picks inside gave the rescuers great
encouragement and it is believed that
the majority of the men entombed ,
are alive, although it is scarcely
possible that all of them were fortu
nate enough to have escaped the
great rush of mud when the dam
Great crowds of people have
gatehered around the mouth of tho
slope and have announced their in
tention of remaining during the en
tire night. They include the fami
lies of entombed men.
Michigan Central Train Wrecked.
Buffalo. N. Y., Special. Five per
sons were injured, one probably fa
tally, when a Michigan Central pas
senger train, running 25 miles an
lour, crashed into and telescoped a
New York Central yard engine at
Black Rock. James Barry, of Buf
falo, engineer of the yard engine,
who sustained a fractured skull, and
internal injuries, probably will die.
Attempt to Wreck Train Frustrated.
Americus, Ga., Special. An at
tempt was made here to wret'k tho
northbound Central train. A cross
tie was placed in Muckalee creek
trestle at the end of a sharp curve.
Tho train had slowed down and tho
engine struck the tie at reduced
speed, without being derailed. The
chief of police went with a posse
to the scene and arrested John Hod
ges, a discharged section hand, lloa
ges denied placing ttic tie but is sa.d
to have admitted he knew it wa-
there befcre tho cugiro f'vne': it.
MINOR H4TTERS OF INTEREST
Prosperity's Livo Corpse.
Unless some apparently trust
worthy indications are misleading be
yond belief retail trade in the coun
try at large for tne approachiag
spring will measure well up to the
high average of recent years. From
the New York Times we learn that
over 3,000 ont-of-town merchants
and other buyers, ehiefly from the
West, have poured into the metropo
lis, surprising and delighting New
York merchants. On Monday last,
the New York Merchants' Associa
tion's first registration day for the
spring trade, 419 buyers, or the next
largest number on record for such a
date, inscribed their names at asso
ciation headquarters. The second
day s registration left no record un
broken. All the hotels that cater t ,
the ont-of-town buyers were over
run. "The buyers and ont-of-town
merchants,7', says The Times' story.
"swarmed about the hotel corridors
last night, telling their New York
friends that the business outlook waa
brighter than it bad ever been be
fore. Many who wtnf to the theater
,in the evening spent intermission
time presdicting a great era of pros
perity for the country." Though
some of the errntryrs great indus
tries are in a very unsatisfactory con
dition for the time being, the facts
just narrated certainly do not indi
cate general hard times, either pres
ent or prospective. Prosperity ha
received some hard and temporarily
crippling blows, btrt it is far from
dead yet. Charlotte, N. C, Observer
of Feb. l(k
Pittsburg, Pa., Special. Spread
ing ruin and disaster in its path, the
annual flood of tho rivers and small
streams of this section holds Pitts
burg in its grasps At 10 o'clock the
water had reached a stage of 26 feet
and was rising a. half foot an hour.
The weather bnreau predicts 30 feet
and possibly a foot higher when tha
crest of the flood arrives. While
tho weather conditions are much
colder and snow flurries are experi
enced at intervals the changed con
ditions will have absolutely, no ef
fect on the high water. At tho
headwaters the rivers continue to rise
and scores of cities and towns in
western Pennsylvania, eastern Ohia
and West Virginia are partially in
undated. In the Pittsburg distriel
alone the damage, it is expected, will
amount to several million dollars.
T. K. Bruner Dead.
Raleigh, N. C, Special. Hon. T.
K. Bruner, who for 21 years has
served the State as Secretary of Ag
riculture, died here Sunday morning.
The entire "State will mourn his loss.
He was 52 years of age and wa3
born in Salisbury, tne son of J. J.
Bruner, his mother's maiden name be
ing Kincaid, and she being also a
native of the good County of Rowan.
His father was for many years editor
and publisher of The Carolina Watch
man, of Salisbury, a power in the
newspaper world of its day, and T.
K. Bruner was for some time asso
ciated with him on that paper. II
was devoted to the study of miner
alogy and became an expert.
Yellow Tever at Galveston.
Galveston, Tex., Special. On tha
steamer Crispin, which arrived in
the roads from Para, Brazil, three
miles out from Galveston, Sunday
there were two cases of yellow fever.
The two men affected are Third
Engineer Davis and Third Officer
By Wire and Cable.
The B. & O. Railway will test tha
nine-hour law, orders to that effect
having been issued.
Jim Smith, the notorious moon
shiner, of Surry county, North Caro
lina, for whose arrest $1,000 reward
had been offered by tho government
has been jailed at Winaton-Salcm,
Cashier Locked in Vault.
Hickory, N. C. Special. What was
equal to a Western scene was the
bold robbery of the bank at Granite
Falls, a town of several hundred in
habitants, on the C. & N. W. Rail
way, about six miles from IUekory
atG o'clock Saturday night, when
Cashier W. G. Whisnant was held
up at the point of guns by threa
masked bandits, who took from tho
cashier's desk $2,700, after wUe'
locking him in tho vault and making
good their escape, fc'o far it is not
known from whence they caino or
whither they went, but they yerj