Year, In Adranca.- '
44 FOR QOD, FOR COUNTRY AND FOR TRUTH."
Slaxi Copy 5 Ccta
PLYMOUTH, N, C. FRIDAY, J UjNE 12, 1908.
President Appoints Boards On
Conservation of Resources
AN ACTIVE CAMPAIGN PLANNED
President, Acting on a Suggestion
Made by the Governors' Conference
Appoints a National Conservation
"Washington, Special. In accord
iince with the suggestion made by. the
Governors at their conference at the
"White House in May, the President
has appointed a national conservation
commission to consider and advise
him on quetions relating to the con
servation, of the natural resources of
the country, and to co-operatejHth
similar bodies which may ", be desig
nated by "the several States. The per
sonnel of the committee is as follows:
Waters Theodore E. Burton,
Ohio, chairman; Senators "William D.
Allison, Iowa; Francis G. Newlancfc,
Nevada; William Warner, Missouri;
and John II. Bankhead,' Alabama;
W. J. McGee, bureau of soils, secre
tary; F. II. Newell, reclamation ser
vice; Gilford Pinehot, forst service;
Herbert Knox Smith, bureauj of cor
porations; Representatives Joseph E.
Ransdell, Louisiana; Prof. George F.
Swain, Institute of Technology, .Mas
sachusetts ; the chief engineers United
Forests Senators Reed Smoot,
Utah, chairman ; Albert J. Beveridge,
Indiana, and Charles '. A. Culberson,
of Texas; Representatives Charles F.
Scott, of Kansas, and Champ Clark,
Missouri; J. B. White. Missouri;
Prof. Henry S. Graves, Yale Forest
School, Connecticut; William Irvine,
Wisconsin; ex-Governor Newton C.
Blanchard, Louisiana; Charles L.
Pack, New Jersey; Gustav Schawb,
national council of commerce, New
"York; Overton W. Price, forest ser
A'ice, secretary. ; 1
Lands and Minerals.
Lands Senators Knute . Nelson,
Minnesota, chairman, and Francis E.
Warren. Wyoming; Representative
John Sharp Williams, of Mississippi;
J wager Sherley, Kentucky, anCi Her-
ierr iirsons, jNew ioik; ex-uovernor
N.-ivJlmnvard, Florida ; James J. Hill
of Minnesota; ex-Governor George C.
Pardee, California; Charles McDonald
American Society of Civil Engineers,
New York ; Miirdo MacKenzie, Colo
rado; Frank C. Gundy Colorado;
George W. Woodruff, Interior Depart
Minerals ' Representative John
Dalzell, tof Pennsylvania, chairman;'
Senators Jeseph M. Dixon, Montana;
Frank P. Flint, California, and Lee
S. Overman, of North Carolina; Rep
resentatives Philo Hall, South De
lcota, and James L. Slayden, of Texas;
Andrew Carnegie,' of. New York; Prof.
Charles R. Van Hise, Wisconsin ; John
Mitchell, of Illinois; John Hays Ham
mond, of Massachusetts; Dr. Irving
Fisher, Yale University, Connecticut;
Joseph A. Holmes, geological survey;
Execeutive Committee Gifford
Pinehot, chairman ; Representative
Theodorse E. Burton, Senators Reed
Smcflt anrt Knute Nelson, . Represen
tative John Dalzell, W. J. McGee.
Overton W. Price, G. W. Woodruff,
Joseph A. Holmes.
Judge D. M. Furches' Dead. "
Statesville, N. C, , Special Hon.
David !M. Furches died Sunday night
at 12:25 at his home on. Walnut St.
The news of- his death' was' a hoek to
the community, for while it was
known that he was not strong, but
few of his friends knew that he was
ill. Judge Furches was a lawyer of
ability and was chief-justice of the
North Carolina Supreme Court under
fusion rule. He -was a native of
New Battleships -Will Le Named
Florida and Utah.
Washington, Special. Secretary
Metcalf has announced that the two
new battleships authoriza at the last
session of Congress would be named
Florida and Utah, respectively. He
said that the next battleship author
ized would bear the name of Wyom
ing. Spring Wheat Acreage.
Washington. Special. The crop re
porting board of the bureau of sta
tistics of the Department of Agricul
ture has issued a bulletin estimating
the area sown in nring wheat to bo
3.7 per cent more than t he area sown
last year ind'intinr" a total area of
about 17,710,000 esres, of fi31,00Q
more than sown, last year. The con
dition of sprine wheat on June 1st
was 05.0 p?r cent of a normal, as com
pared with 93-3 the June 1st average
of the past lears. The condition
of winter whuijtt. June 1st was SG.O
per cent of h normal, as compared
with 31.0, the 3 nr.: 1st average
THE 1907 COTTON CROP
Bulletin Prepared Under the Direc
tion of the Chief Statistician of
the 'Department at Washington
Shows' . the Production of the
Staple During the Past Year.
Washington, Special. Bulletin 95,
which has just been issued by the
bureau of the census, . consists of a
report on the production of cotton
in 1907, prepared under the super
vision of Mr. William M. Stewart,
chief statistian for manufactures, by
Mr. Daniel C. Roper, expert chief of
division. . ' The report is presented in
four divisions: (1) Annual cotton
production in the United States, as
returned by ginners and delinters,
distributed by States from 1899 to
1907 and by counties from 1903 to
1907, ; with statistics as to annual pro
duction compiled from trustworthy
sources for previous years, beginning
with 1790; (2) world's cotton produc
tion in 1907, by countries; (3) the
growing, harvesting, and handling of
cotton, with illustrations; and (4)
statistics as to the manufacture of
During the ginning season of 1907-
1908, as for the two previous seasons,
ten preliminary statements of cotton
ginned to specified dates were issued.
The present report gives the aggre
gate figures for the whole cotton
crop, and covers the ninth consecu
tive year for whieh statistics of cot
ton ginned have been collected and
published by the bureau of tb.3 cen
sus.' Production 11,375,461 Bales.
The finally revised figures for the
crop of 1907, expressed in equivalent
500-pounl bales and including lint
ers, show a total production of 1L
375,461 bales. This represents a fall
ing off from 1906 of 2,220,037 bales,
or 16.3. per cent., and is 2,304,495
bales less than the crop of 1904, the
largest on record;. while it falls short
of the average production of the last
six years by 345,914 bales.
Of the total production in 1907,
4,769,609 bales, or 42 per cent, came
from the territory west of the Mis
sissippi river, - while the States east
of the Mississippi contributed 6,605,
852 bales, of 58 per cent.- This is in
marked contrast with 1906, when
53.2 per cent of the crop came'fron!
west of the. Mississppi and 46.8 pei
cent, from the States east of it; in
1905, however, the corresponing per
centages were 41.6 and 5S.4, respect
ively, Thee variations are caused
very largely by the fluctations in
the size of the crop in the States west
of the Mississippi, as the difference
between the largest an dthe smallest
crop in the Eastern States during th
last three years was but 298,970 bales.
Texas Shows a Falling Off of 44.9
The State, reporting the largest cot
ton crop in 1907. as well, as in every
other year, since . the inauguration ol
the 'ginning reports, was Texas, with
a total of 2,360,478 bales. This rep
resents an enormous decrease from
1906, however, amounting to 1,921,
346 bales, or 44.9 per cent. As a re
sult of this decrease Texas produced
only 20.S per cent of, the total for th
country, as compared with 31.5 pei
cent in 1906 and with 24. 9 per cent,
which represents the proportion con
tributed by it to the aggregate pro
duction of the last six years.
Other Stafes showing large de
creases are Louisiana and Arkansas,
whieh reported losses of about one
third and one-fifth, respectively, as
compared with 1906. The -new Stat
of Oklahoma reported 8S2,984 bales,
a loss of about 4 per cent, which,
however, Was so insignificant as com
pared with the losses shown by othei
States that Oklahoma actually ad
vanced from seventh place to sixth in
the quantity of cotton produced.
. President Roosevelt told Governoi
Glenn that under no circumstances
would he be again run for President.
Secretary of War Taf t is a membci
of the Unitarian Church.
Lieut.-Col. Harry F. Hodges was
appointed Panama Canal Commis
sioner to succeed Commissioner Jack
A fortune teller, Zeno Miller, is
said to have disappeared from Bris
tol with hundreds of dollars of jew
elry intrusted to him by residents.
Fire, apparently stated to conceal
a burglary, caused $35,000 damage at
Lewis Wingate, of Grayson county,
has been arrested charged with caus
ing the death of his 12-year-old son
Dr. Lyon G. Tylor, of Williams
burg, son of President John Tyler
is suggested for the Democratic nomi
nation for Vice-President.
The Republican National Commit
tee decided the contests involving th
24 votes of Alabama and Arkansas in
favor of Taft.
DEATH ON CRUISER
Explosion on the 'Tennessee'
KHIs Several Persons
SEVERAL OTHERS ARE INJURED
Accident on the United States Crui
ser Tennessee Results in the Death
of Four aaxd the Injury of Ten
Others The Cruiser Was Just
Entering San Pedro Harbor.
Los Angeles, Special. Four men
were killed and 10 injured on board
the armored cruiser Tennessee at sea
at 11 o'clock Friday when a boiler
tube broke, ' hurling fragments
iron about the engine room and fill
ing it with scalding steam. The ac
cident happened an hour after the
cruiser left Santa Barbara on her
way with six other vessels of the Pa
cific fleet, to Los Angeles ports. Only
the most fragmentary news of the
disaster had been received up to 7
o'clock in the evening as the cruiser
had not arrived at San Pedro. .What
meagre details had been learned
were gleaned from official wireless
telegraphy despatches, transmitted
from the squadron to the wireless
station at San Francisco. The crui
ser was steaming at full speed when
the explosion occurred.
The force of the explosion was ter
rible and many of the injured were
fatally hurt, it is believed. Orders
were flashed to Dr. W. A. Weldon,
local marine surgeon at San Pedro,
directing him to prepare for the car
ing of the injured sailors. Accord
ing to the wireless despatches no of
ficers were injured. The damage to
the ship is not known at this time,
but it is likely that the boiler rooms
of the ship have suffered seriously.
The Tennessee is Admiral Sebree's
flagship, commanding the second di
vision of the Pacific fleet. The oth
ers accompanying the Tennessee are
the California, Washington, West
Virginia, Colorado, Pennsylvania and
Maryland, comprising t''Je first divi
sion commanded by Admiral Dayton.
The Tennessee arrived and anch
ored inside the breakwater about
two miles from the water front
shortly after 7 o'clock. ,
Los Angeles, Cal., Special. A re
port has just reached, this city from
San Pedro of an explosion on the
United States cruiser Tennessee.
The Tennessee, is coming into San
A boiler tube on the cruiser Ten
nessee blew up, killing four and in
juring many others. The eruiser has
just entered San Pedro harbor and
the details are not yet available.
The Tennessee sailed from San
Francisco on May 17th, and since
then t has been cruising in southern
California waters, . touching Santa
Barbara, San Pedro and San Diego.
The latest information is that four
men were killed and ten injured. The
injured will be brought to a hospi
tal in this city. The Tennessee is
still about 37 miles outside San Pe
dro. The cruiser left Santa Barbara
for Los Angeles port Friday morning.
- Dead and Injiaredv
Following ?s a list of dead and in
jured received 1 by the local wireless
George Wood, water tender. . , i
Earl Boggs, fireman, second class.
Adolph Rheingold, machinist help
er, 6econd class.
George Merk, fireman, first class.
Probablv fatally injured:
F. S. Field, fireman, second class.
E. N. Exantes, fireman, first class.
E. J. Burns, coal passer.
W. F. Burns, coal passer.
J. J. Carroll, fireman, second class.
T. P. Parsons, fireman, second
class, slightly injured.
, Killed in Baseball Game.
LaFayette, Ga., Special. Willie
Watson, aged 10, was instantly kill
ed in a ball game here Friday. While
engaged in a game with a number of
his friend? a bat slipped from the
hands of one of the boys who was at
tempting to hit the ball and struck
young Watson over the heart, caus
ing instant death.
Texas Crops Badly Damaged.
Vernon, Tex., Special. Damage to
growing vegatation and to property
in excess of half million dollars, it is
estimated, has resulted from "storms
of wind, hail and rain which have
been over this vicinity for the past
several days and which culminated
in a wind storm of great velocity
early Thursday. Along the several
roads entering this place washouts
are numerous. In Vernon a number
of the larger buildings were par
tially wrecked and some smaller
Principles Enunciated By the
v Republican Platform
THE ADMINISTRATION ENDORSED
Republican Platform Which Will Be
Adopted by the National Conven
tion Has Been Completed Wifh the
Exception of a Few Details.
Washington, Special. That the
platform which will be adopted at the
Chicago convention and on which the
Republican party will stand during
the next campaign has been complet
ed with the . exception of a few de
tails, which will.be left for the com
mittee on resolutions to insert, is the
opinion of many who are in the con
fidence of the Republican leaders.
The work has been done by Hon.
Wade Ellis,. Attorney General of
Ohio; the draftsman of the recent
Ohio State platform; Senator Hop
kins, who will be the chairman of the
committee on resolutions; Senator
Long, of Kansas, and a few others,
including the President and Secretary
Taft, who have been freely consulted.
The policies of President Roosevelt
will be endorsed unequivocally, and
this endorsement will be the central
idea of the document. These policies
it will be declared, are quite in con
trast' with the policies of the Deap
cratic party, which promises nothing
food that can be assured of accom
plishment. The Republican party's
record as the party of protection and
sound money, as the party of prog
ress and good principles, as the party
that gave freedom to Cuba and lifted
the yoke from the necks of the peo
ple of the Philippines and Porto Rico,
will be held up for admiration and
made the subject of much praise, and
the voting public will be asked to
continue to patronize the political
eraft that has carried it across .so
many streams. Specifically speaking,
more attention, has been given ' by
the platform makers to the tariff
than td any other subject. There will
be an unequivoval declaration for re-
I vision; but-the disposition is to leave.
the working out of detail to the in
genuity of Congress. The action of
the two houses of Congress, instruct
ing the committees which will deal
w.th the tariff, the Senate committee
or.: finance and the House committee
on ways and means to make especial
investigation of the situation, will af
ford sufficient excuse for this course,
as the results of these inquiries will
be unavailable to the convention,
while they will supposedly furnish
Congress with a basis for action.
The declaration will take the shape
of a pledge to so equalize the duties
as to give the consumer the benefit,
of the most favorable prices consist
ent with the protection of domestic
industry and home labor. It will bei
1 i 11 . i T il i il A
empnaticany staiea mat mere must
be no innovation that will permit
American labor to come into compe
tition with foreign labor, and accord
ingly it will be specified that in all
cases the duty must be equal to the
difference between the American and
the European cost of production, in
cluding a reasonable profit to the
American producer. The principle of
protection will be endorsed in general
terms, and there may be a declara
tion to a maximum and a minimum
tariff as the one best calculated to in
sure the promotion of American in
terests under varying condition. A
clause declaring against the utiliza
tion of the tariff for the promotion of
monopoly is also among the proba
bilities. Next to the tariff the financial
plank has received most careful at
tention. Congress and the adminis
tration will be congratulated upon
the passage of the Aldricb-Vreeland
bill as in the interest of sound finance
and as calculated to protect the busi
ness world against possible panics in
the near future and at the same time
provide for the permanent improve
ment of our currency system through
the recommendations which it is an
ticipated will be made by the commis
sion appointed under the new law.
Reference wil be made to the finan
cial disturbance of last fall, and
while the seriousness of that crisis
will be recognized, the claim '.will be
made that the Republican party was
found able to meet the situation and
the counry will be informed that by
its prompt action the business world
was saved from long drawn out finan
cial depression and industrial inac
tivit'. The administration will be com
mendied for its railroad stand, also
on labor, and the rights of all citi
zens, regardless of race or color.
BRYAN ENDS LONG TOUR
With His Speech at Columbus )Sx.
Bryan Ends Spe3eh Making Tour
Omaha, Neb., Special. The week'
speech-making tour of William J.
Bryan through northern and western
Nebraska ended with a rear plat
form speech at Columbus Wednesday
afternoon and he arrived in Omah:i
later. Mr. Bryan made 42 speeches
and nearly that many informal talks
since he left home last Thursday. Ia
nearly every speech he pointed out
what he regarded as the weakness of
the currency measure passed by Con
gress during its closing sessions. The
meeting Wednesday was at Lexington
where business was suspended during
his stay. All the principal buildings
were decorated in honor of his visit
and school was dismissed at noon. He
addressed an open air meeting at the
high school grounds, where a large
crowd, representing both city and
country population, gathered on the
When Mr. Bryan arrived in Omaha
he expressed himself as delighted wth
his trip and -with the reception he
had received everywhere. He re
mained in Omaha and will go home
In his speech at Lexington Mr.
Bryan eulogized Senator LaFollette
for his opppsit-ion to the emergency
currency bill and said:
"Senator LaFollette is in sym
pathy with the masses and has made
a great fight against great odds,
hey put him out of the last Repub
lican national convention and I ean't
predict what they will do to him in
the next one.
"When the President picked up
Mr. Taft for a candidate of his party
for President, if he was looking .for
an honorable gentleman, he could
not have done better; but, if he was
looking for a reformer, he made a
great mistake. Mr. Taft says to ex
tinguish trusts . means to extinguish
industries. Every farmer and every
man who labors knows better than
that, ake, for instance, the harvester
trust. , It doesh 't care whether the
farmer buys or not. It doesn't have
a corner an everything the farmer
buys, but it soon will have, if left
alone. If you were to extinguish
that concern, would it destroy every
other concern that manufactures
"Congress is vested with power
over inter-state commerce and could
control these trusts. If the busi
ness of the harvester trust was re
duced fifty per cent, there would be
competition which would result in
cheaper implements for the farmer.
Business would be increased by the
sale of more implements and more
men would be employed. Thus com
petition would help every element of
society. When you exterminate
trusts, you revive business instead of
President Has Narrow Escape.
Washington, Special. It was learn"
ed that President Roosevelt Tuesday
had a narrow escape from death. A
young horse was trying for Sergeant
McRermott, his oroerly reared and
fell backwards with him from; the
top of the bank of Rock Creek, But
for the fact that the President threw
himself to one side as the animal fell
he would have been crushed. He fell
on the boulders in the stream and re
ceived a number af bruises. When he
had waded out of the creek he helped
catch the horse, remounted him and
rode for an hour. Mrs. Roosevelt was
with him at the time of the accident.
The President says he is quite sure
how he landed in the creek calls the
whole incident trifling and not wortn
Socialists Want Prohibition.
Little Rock, Ark., Special. Arkan
sas Socialists in convention here de
clared for State-wide prohibition and
condemned lynching and anarchism. '
Jackson Smith Reaisns.
Washington, Special. President
Roosevelt has aecepied the resigna
tion of Jackson Smith, members of
the Isthmian canal commission and
manager of the department, of labor,
water and subsistence, with head
quarters at Culbera, canal zone. Mr.
Smith has been in the service three
years and the President in accepting
the resignation complimented him on
his work. Mr. Smith will reliquish
official duties JJnly loth, but his re
signation becomes 'effective Septem
ber 15th, thus giving him. the bene
fit of the 60 davs' leave -of absence
sTorded bv the law.
Soldiers Plead Guilty to Robbery
Jacksonville, Fla., Special Joseph
T. Henry and George Roberts, sol
diers of the One Hundred and
Eleventh Company, coast . artillery,
indicted by the Federal grand jury
on a charge of robbing the postoffiee
at Eggmont Key. Fla., pleaded guilty
in the United States Court here
Thursday. Sentence has not yet
HOKE SMITH BEATEN
Georgia Voters Pail to Endorse
CLOSE OF A BITTER CAMPAIGN
rhe Primary Brings to an End One of
the Hottest Political Campaigns ia
. Geoia's History.
Atlanta, Ga., Special All returns
ip to midnight indicate the election
)f Joseph M. Brown as Governor of
Jeorgia -in the general Democratic
primary held Thursday by a majority
)f about 15,000.
The Constitution estimates that
Brown has won by from 15,000 to
5,000. The Brown managers claim '
the majority is larger.
Governor Smith's campaign man
igers decline to make " a statement,
md the Governor himself says that
he cannot omment on the primary.
The campaign was the hottest in
ihe history of Georgia. In all the
kven congressional districts indica
tions are that the present Democratie
Congressmen wijl be returned, , A the
only doubt being in the fifth wher
James L. Mayson may contest tho
Election with Congressman, Living
stone. There was no contest over,
ihe United States senatorship' 0.;C
Clay being the popular choice. The
primary results , mean election' in
Seorgia, the other parties in the
State making no contest.
With both Governors Hoke Smith
and Joseph M. Brown claiming vie-
tory in the Georgia State primary
the count is coming in slowly.
The Brown managers claim thw
nomination wihch is equivalent to
election by from 25,000 to 40,000
James R. Smith political manager for
Brown, gave The Associated Press
the 'following statement :
"We fought a clean fight and won.
The reasons for the victory are so
pronounced that they would hardly
admit of discussion. The attitude of
the administration toward invested
eapital is perhaps the paramount is
sue. It was not an issue between
men but what they represented. The
day's election shows that. the prevail
ing opinion among the people is that
Mr. Brown's election would go far
toward restoring confidence.
Governor Smith's managers, how
ever, do not concede Brown's election
and declare that a full vote will be
necessary to determine the result.
A Heavy Vote Polled.
One of the heaviest votes in the his
tory of Georgia was cast, men stand
ing in line for hours in the larger
cities like Atlanta waiting ; for a
chance to mark their ballots.
In the interest of the Governorship
all others were practically lost sight
The congressional districts, the hot-
test fight was in the fifth, where Con
gressmam L. F. Livingstone was op
posed by James L. Mayson.- (Returns
indicate Livingstone's . re-election
though Mayson 's friends say
they will insist on an official count.
In the first di&tnct indications point
to the re-election of Congressman Ed
wards, in the second to the re-elee-
tion of J. M. Griggs, in the third to
the re-election of E. B. Lewis, the
fourth to congressman Anderson, the .
fifth to L. F. Livingstone, the sixth
to congressman C. L. Bartlett, the
seventh to congressman Gordon Lee,
the eigth to Congressman W. M.
Howard, the ninth to Congressman,
T. M. Bell, the tenth to Congressman '
Hardwrck, and the eleventh to Con-
gressman William G. Branny.
United States Senator Clay, who.
was also a candidate in the primary, -
had no opposition. " ;
During the Canonization of Emile
Zola in the Pantheon Louis Gregori,
a Military Writer of Note, Draws
a Pistol and Shoots Maj. Alfred
Dreyfus in the Arm.
Paris, By Cable. Just at the close
of the ceremonies attending the
canonization, of ' Emile Zola in the
Pantheon, when the President of
France, the. Premier and a host
of ministers of State were taking
their departure, Louis Anthene Greg
ori, a military writer of note, drew
a revolver and fired' two shots point
blank at Maj. Alfred Dreyfus, for
whose liberty Zola fought and won.
Men distinguished in all walks of
life filled the pantheon, and when
the shots rang out there was in
tense excitement in fear that the
President had been assassinated, but
even the attempt upon the life o
Major Dreyfus created a profound
impression. Soldiers speedily sur
rounded Gregori and he was take
to jail, bruised md bleeding itk
his elotbes almost torn from his back