North Carolina Newspapers

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Year, In Adrance.
Slnsfa Cpy 5 Ccata,
Occurrences of Interest Gleaned From All Sectious of the Busy
Tar Heel State
.North Carolina Agricultural Experi
ment Station, West Raleigh 0. Br
Williams, Director.
The practice of selecting seed-corn
Hvom. the-barn late in the spring costs
-the farmers of North Carolina, in de
creased yields of shelled corn, an
amount equal to more than five mil
lion dollars annually. Just so long
--as this method is followed, just so
long will the corn-growers of the
State lack this amount of producing
what they might with the same treat
ment under identical conditions were
they to use better methods in the
selection of their seed-corn. The
proper place to select seed for plant
ing purposes next ' year is the field
this fall. One day spent in the field
in selecting seed-corn properly will
pay better in increased yields than
most any labor performed during the
entire year. There are many ways
in which this work might be done sat
isfactorily, the exact method depend
ing upon local conditions and prac
tices. Economy of performance of
the operation is always to be looked
after but not at a sacrifice of effi
ciency. Where corn is gathered from
stalks in the field in the usual way,
a good method for the corn-grower to
nse is to sling a cotton-picking bag
over the shoulder or take a basket in
the hand and go through and make
the selections from the field of corn
"which he has that is a little above
the average in productivity. Take
two rows at a time and select seed
from those stalks which have two
"well-developed cars per stalk, remem
bering that in the selection of seed
one should select from the stalks
that will yield the largest amount of
shelled corn per stalk. The reason
why it is advised selecting from two
eared stalks is because in testing and
studying varieties of corn during the
past eight years on the Experiment
Station farm and elsewhere, it has
teen found that the best yielders of
shelled &rn per stalk and hence per
vewere those that averaged near
two earsper stalk. Take both of the
ears if they are good ones and reject
"both if they are not.. Do not give
much detailed attention to the shape
of the ears and grains during field
selection, but reserve this for some
rainy or snowy day during the winter
and have the young boys around to
help, as there is no form of farm
work that will interest them more or
lead them to take a deeper interest
in the work of the farm. One reason
why so many boys leave the farm is
because they are not taught that
there is something more in farming
than the mere drudgery connected
with it. When going through the
field selecting these ears it might be
well to have the boys along too if
they are old enough to appreciate the
value and importance of what is be
ing done. A cart or wagon might be
at one end of the rows and when you
get there each time empty the bas
ket or bag. Enough corn should be
gathered in this way so that, when
"the more careful selection is made
during the winter at the barn, hav
ing in mind the best shape of ears
nd kernels, enough will be left for
-planting, after throwing out the ears
of poor shape and those having ker
nels not up to the proper type it is
-wished to use for planting. Select
from the field" three to five times as
much corn as it is expected to be
needed, so that a very rigid selection
of the ears may be made during some
winter day. Make selections from
stalks that not only bear two well
developed ears, but from those that
have a good leaf development and
large root system. Select ears that
are borne at a uniform and conveni-
State News in Brief.
Mr. J. D. Elliott, of Hickory, has
been awarded the contract for the
new building to be erected at Win
throp College, Rock Hill, S. C.
Trinity High school in Randolph
county, opened Tuesday with a good
attendance, nearly one hundred be
ing enrolled the first day. The pros
pects for a good scholastic year are
A fair for High Point is being agi
tated for 1909 to become a perma
nent fixture. The plan is to organ
ize a stock company and build race
. tracks and buildings and other things
needful for a successful fair.
The special prizes of $2-30, $150 and
$100 for the best county exhibits in
connection with the State fair to be
in progress October 11 to 17, is ex
pected to make these county exhib
its decided features in the contest.
Thomas Nelson Pae,' of Virginia,
v will deliver the nny0J-??Mress before
the North Carved rt era ry and His-
torical Association' 1-. meeting
at Raleigh, in October?,- -.'
' l
ent height, for such ears are more
easily and cheaply gathered; they
ripen more uniformly ;and are less
liable not ot have the embryo grains
fertilized, as the tasselling of all
stalks will be practically at the same
date and the pollen from all will bt
given off at about the same time. The
ears should be held not upright, but
in a rather drooping position, as such
ears are less liable to rot, as they will
shed the rain rather than admit it in
to the ears, as they frequently dc
when held in an upright ' position;
especially is this so if the husks
(shucks) do not cover the tips of the
ears completely. Also, it is well to
discard all ears that have the tips
poorly covered with husks, even if all
the other characteristics are up to re
quirements. When, during the win
ter, the corn thus gathered is gotten
out for more careful selection, choose
those ears of cylindrical shape and
those which possess deep wedge-shaped
and large-germed grains which
completely and deeply cover the cobs
and which are arranged in parallel
rows. Select heavy, well-matured
ears that have medium-sized cobs
with kernels that are heavy in weight
and medium rough in indentation,
and which have the .butts and tips
fairly well filled out. Keep the seed
stored in a dry place until planting
If you have not selected your seed
corn before from the field iu the way
indicated above try it this fall. You
may be a little doubtful at the value
of this extra effort, but give it a fair
trial and we fell sure that you will
never go back to the old and less
profitable method of selecting seed
corn from the barn.
Opening at Elizabeth.
Charlotte, Special. Thursday
morning saw one of the most success
ful openings in the history of Eliza
beth College. Students began com
ing in three days ago until now all
the professors and. students have ar
rived and are ready to begin work.
Mr. Henry J. Zehm, of the musical
department, opened the morning ex
ercises with an organ selection, which
was followed by an impressive prayei
offered by Rev. G. D. Bernheim,
Rev. C. B. King, who presided, then
introduced Rev. W. C. Shaeffer, Jr..
the principal speaker of the morning
who, in a powerful address, expound
ed his system of Christian philos
ophy. The outlook is for the most
prosperous year in the history oi
this splendid institution.
Accused of Wife Murder.
Durham, Special. The most sen
sational homicide this county has
known since the crime for which
John Hodges was hanged, the murder
of his wife two years ago, took place
three miles from Durham, and W. H.
Tilley is held without bail. His claim
is that he tried to shoot a dog in the
yard, snapping his Winchester three
times at the dog, and on the failure
to fire he struck the gun with his
hand, when it exploded, shooting his
wife. The relations of husband and
wife were not pleasant, and the
theory of murder is generally be
lieved, c
Big Fire at High Point.
Hierh Point. Special. Fire Friday
morning at 3:40 o'clock was dicoy-
ered in the Sapp block on JNorth Main
street, and before it was subdued
gutted the building, destroying th
goods of Clark Shoe Company, valued
at $10,000, and insured for $6,000 ;
the High Point Clothing Company,
valued at $10,000 or more, with in
surance of $S.O0O; Moore Book Stori
valued at $2,000, with $1,20Q insur
ance. Several people lived up stain
in the building and lost about all
they had.
Fire Destroys Seven Stores.
Springhope, Special. Fire at 2
o'clock Friday morning destroyed the
postoffiee and seven store building
in the heart of the town. The loss
is about $5,000. The buildings -were
all of wood and an eyesore to the
town. No insurance was carried on
the property.
Sunday School Association.
Charlotte, Special. The indications
are that there will be a large attend
ance at the convention of the Meck
lenburg County Sunday School As
sociation. This is a convention of
Sunday schools of all denominations
and meets with the Sugar Creek Pres
byterian church Saturday and Sun
day. Rev. Dr. A. L. Phillips, of
Richmond, Va., Mr. J. B. Robertson,
State Sunday school secretary and
other prominent .Sunday school work
ers will bo present.
North Carolina Agricultural Experi
ment Station, West Raleigh C. B.
Williams, Director.
Occurrence in North Carolina.
This disease occurs in very destruc
tive form throughout the Piedmont
and eastern sections of the tSate,
though it is possibly less destructive
further west. In a recent trip thro'
the middle section of the State, the
writer saw dozens of orchards ruin
ed by this rot which, but for the
presence of it, would have yielded
largely. In many of the orchards
visited, the trees were in fine condi
tion, showing suitability of soil and
climate, and they bore an abundance
of fruit, but closer examination
showed that the ground under the
trees was completely covered with
rotten apples and thaf the apples still
on the trees had numerous specks of
soft, brown rot. In many villages and
towns all apples offered for sale in
stores were affected with this rot.
The facts as stated above show the
very destructive prevalence of this
disease in this State.
This rot has been known in des
tructive form in the United States
since 1867. It is estimated to have
done $1,500,000- of damage in four
counties in Illinois in 1900. In the
Middle States the losses are estimat
ed to be from one-half to three
fourths of the entire crop. The
Ppresrdent of the National Apple
Shippers Association estimated the
damage in the United States in 1900
at $10,000,000.
Description of the Bitter Rot.
There are many different types of ap
ple rot, some are hard, some soft,
some wet, some dry, some of one col
or and some another, etc. The bitter
rot of the apple, sometimes called the
ripe, rot, is a soft, wet, mellow rot,
occurring usually as circular spots on
the fruit. These spots, of which
there may be from one to twenty or
more on each apple, enlarge rapidly,
run together, and the whole fruit
becomes a soft, rotten mass. The dis
ease usually begins while the fruit is
still hanging on the tree, and as the
disease progresses, many of the ap
ples fall to the grotmd below.
Cause of the Rot. This rot is
caused by a fungus, known as Gloeo
sporium, the spores of which fall up
on the appte, grow, penetrate it, and
cause the decay. The spores are
produced in immense quantities in
small pustules, which appear upon the
rotted surface. In many instances,
the fungus passes the winter in ean
kered spots on the twigs and bark.
Treatment. There vare two forms
of treatment, both of which should be
First, inasmuch as the fungus ia
known to winter in the canker on the
branches, it is important when the
leaves are off the trees to carefully
inspect the orchard, hunt out 'these
cankers, cut them but and burn them,
and thus remove the most dangerous
source of spring infection.
Second, the trees should be spray
ed with Boredeaux Mixture in order
to kill all spores which fall upon the
fruit or twigs. Sprayings should be
applied before the buds begin to swell
in the spring, just after the blossoms
fall, and every ten or fourteen days
thereafter until the fruit is almost
These two treatments combined will
to a very large extent,! serve to con
trol this very serious disease.
F. L.' STEVENS, Biologist.
Kick Fractures Skull.
Statesville, Special. Mr. Noah
Sloan, a young farmer, is in a dan
gerous condition at his home in on
cord township as the result of a kick
from a mule. He was iu the act of
unhitching a team of mules from a
mowing machine Thursday afternoon
when one of the animals began kick
ing and Mr. Sloan received a heavy
blow on his head.
Bad Fire in East Spencer.
Salisbury, Special. Nine dwell
ings were destroyed by fire in East
Spencer short'y after midnight Mon
day night, entailing a loss of $10,000,
with but little insurance. Th'e fire
originated in a meat market and the
high winds operated against the fire
men. This is the worst fire in the
history of East Spencer.
Tar Heel Items.
The cotton crops of Scotland coun
ty are proving to be very short. This
is caused by the extreme dry weathei
a few weeks before the recent heavj
rains, and then the floods made mat
ters worse. Cotton has suffered great
1v fmm tVip excessive rains : much oi
( it was open and during the rains
sprouted in the burrs, and is now
giving a product classed as stona cot-
ton. With a short crop ana snori
prices, and that coming after a railurt
on .the watermelon and eantaloupt
propostition, things are not what thej
were a year - ago from the farmers
Great Meeting of the World's
Most Learned Specialists
Every Important Commonwealth of
the Union and Forty-Six Foreign
Countries Represented by Thier
Most Distinguished Savants and
Washington, Special. Enemies of
the white plague from every civilized
nation of the earth and from every
State of the Union assembled in
Washington to begin a world-wide
warfare, that is expected eventually
to result in the wiping out of this
terrible scourge of humanity. The
fifth International Congress on Tub
erculosis, convened Monday, repre
sents beyond all doubt the largest
aggregation of scientific and educa
ted humanitarians ever gathered in
a single city. Backed by the medi
cal and sociological science of the
age, with unlimited funds at its dis
posal and a definite" object in view,
it seems hardly possible that the con
gress can fail of attaining its end.
The convention opened Monday, to
last until October 12, will likeiy be
a historical event and will ,be re
membered when other more spec
tacular events are forgotten.
Every important commonwealth of
the Union has sent committees to the
congress, and the nations of Europe
and South America are represented
by their most distinguished physi
cians, savants and humanitarians.
Upon his return to Washington,
President Roosevelt will take an
active interest in the congress and
will probably preside at some of the
sessions. ,
Representatives of forty-six for
eign countries are here and there is
eager competition for the honor of
securing the next congress. Ad
dresses will be made by some of the
most prominent scientists of Great
Britain, Canada, France, Sweden,
Germany, Holland, Russia and Latin
The list of papers to be presented
includes contributions to scientific re
search on the subject of the cure
and prevention of tuberculosis by
the following distinguished savants:
Dr. K. W. Phillip, of Edinburgh,
founder of the first tuberculosis dis
pensary. Dr. Theodore Williams, of London.
Dr. Arthur Newsholme, health offi
cer of Brighton, England, director
of King Edward's sanitarium.
Dr. C. H. Spronck, of Utrecht,
Dr. Turban, of Davos-Platz, Swit
zerland, the originator of the scheme
generally followed at present for the
classification' of tuberculosis.
Dr. Gottholdt, Pannwitz, of Ber
lin, secretary-general of the Inter
national Conference on Tuberculosis.
Dr. Emil von Behring, of Mar
burg, the originator of the diph
theria antitoxin.
Dr. Calmette, director of the Pas
teur Institute at, Paris, France.
Dr. Letnlle, of Paris, secretary
general of the last International Con
gress on Tuberculosis.
Dr. S. Kitasato, of Tokio, Japan,
director of the Imperial Institute for
the Research of Infectious Diseases.
The congress is divided into seven
sections, every section being under
the direction of men of distinction
in their particular fields.
Shot and Killed by Brother-in-Law.
Monroe, La., Special. A. L. Shel
by was shot and instantly killed by
his brother-in-law, T. O. Wilder, in a
local dry goods store. The tragedy,
it is said, was the result of family
troubles which have existed for some
time. Immediately after the shoot
ing: Wilder was arrested.
Burglar Shot and Captured.
Greenville, S. C, Special. Two
young white men attempted to burg
larize a drug store in the Brandon
Mill village Sunday night. The pro
prietor of the store Avas notified by
a passerby and he fired upon the two
burglars. One of them was shot in
the elbow and was captured. The
other was shot, it is thought, but got
Municipal Election in Alabama.
Birmingham Ala., Special. Muni
cipal elections were held all over
Alabama Monday in accordance with
the provisions of the new eorle. The
contests Mere practically all between
factions of the Democratic party, al
though Dr. W. T. Masterson, Repub
lican, made a good race against F. P.
O'Brien for mayor of Birmingham.
He is the first Republican to -enter
a contest in city affairs in many
years. O'Brien's election was assur
ed early in the night. Birmingham
also voted to issue $.'r,000 in bonds
for extensions and improvements of
the school svstem.
This Year Promises to be a Record
Breaker From Every Point of
Charlotte, Special. All arrange
ments are about completed for the
great Mecklenburg Fair, which be
gins October 20th, and closes on the
23d. The special days will draw im
mense crowds and the exhibits will
be larger and more varied than those
of any previous fair held here. The
racing includes entries of horses of
national fame.
The free attractions will eclipse
anything ever offered before. Mr.
Charles J. Strobe! will be here with
his mamoth airship and will make
two 10-mile flights daily. On the
opening morning he will ride into the
city, circle around and accompany
the procession back to the grounds.
This airship is not a balloon, as some
might suppose ,but a real heavier-than-air
contrivance, similar to the
modern aeroplanes which are excit
ing so much comment. Mr. Strobel
manipulated his machine at the
Jamestown Exposition last year and
excited no end of favorable com
ment. The Bickett family of five three
ladies and two gentlemen has been
secured for four daily open-air acts,
two nevelty ladder stunts and two
trapeze exhibitions. Thomas Quinley
has also been engaged for his shallow-water
high-dive act, which is
said to be very sensational.
On the midway there is to be only
clean attractions, and no games of
chance will be tolerated wherein
there is not a fair and equal chance
to win. An automobile race is being
talked of and will doubtless be
one of the drawing features. Ex
cellent music will be furnished
throughout the fair by the Wood
men of the World Band, a fine musi
cal aggregation of this city. Special
railroad rates will be given and
special trains run.
Traveling Men's Day at Mecklenburg
At a conference Saturday night in
the Selwyn Hotel of the officials of
the Meeklenbunr Fair Association
and officers of the local council Unit
ed Commercial Travelers it was de
cided to set apart Thursday, October
22d, as Traveling Men's Day at the
annual Mecklenburg Fair, which will
be held in Charlote October 20, 21,
22, and 23. This will be by far the
biggest day of this big event as at
this time the best horses and the
largest crowd of the occasion is ex
pected. The U. C. T in Charlotte have a
very strong organization and the of
ficers are leaving no stone unturned
to get all of the traveling men of
this section, many of whom are mem
bers to be here on Traveling Men's
Day. It is expected that not less
than 500 knights of the grip will be
on hand to enjoy the festivities of
this gala event. The exercises will
consist of an umbrella parade Thurs
day morning, to be participated in
by every U. C. T. in the city and a
special programme, which is now be
ing arranged, will be carried out on
the grounds. The traveling men will
have a special booth in the exhibit
hall to entertain all visitors.
Goods Roads Proclamation.
Raleigh, Special Governor Glenn
issues a proclamation in the interest
of the State Good Roads Congress,
to be held in Greensboro October 13,
in connection with the centennial
celebration and urging all the coun
ties and towns in the State to send
delegates. The proclamation follows:
To the People of North Carolina:
Whereas, a Good Koads Congress
has been called to be held in Greens
boro October 13, 190S, for the pur
pose of encouraging more general in
terest in the building ot good roads
throughout the Southern States and
the advancement of education and
unbuilding of the agricnltnra.1 and
industrial interest of the South, and
whereas, I deem it of the greatest
importance to our State that every
county and every town in this State
should be represented at this con
vention. I hereby issue this procla
mation, urging county commissioners
of every county, and the mayors of
every town to appoint some of the
finest and best men of their respec
tive rounties and cities as delegates
to this convention. And do urge said
delegates, when so appointed, to at
tend this convention as in my judg
ment it will tend greatly to advance
the material interest of our State.
Resnect full v.
Wilbur Wright Makes a Long
and Successful Flight
In the Presence of 10,000 People
Wilbur Wright Establishes a New
World's Record For a Heavier
Than Air Machine, Staying in the
Air For One Hour, 34 Minutes and
51 Seconds, During Which Time
He Covered a Distance of Nearly
61 Miles.
Lemans, France, By Cable. In the
presence of the officials of the French
Aero Club of Sarthe, the American
ambassador, Henry White, General
Bazaine-IIayter, commander of the
fourth army corps, a large number
of French and foreign officers and
aeroplane experts, and a wildly
cheering crowd, numbering 10,000,
Wilbur Wright, the American aero
naut, Monday afternoon captured the
world's record from his brother, Or
ville Wright, with a flight in his
powerful machine of one hour, 31
minutes and 51 seconds, covering in:
that time an actual distance of 93
kilometers, or nearly 61 miles.
Owing to the recent accident at
Fort Meyer the day's-trial for the
Miehelin cup, for the greatest dis-
tance covered by an aeroplane in
1908, and the aero club prize of $1,
000 for the longest flight over an en
closed gi'ounu, attracted intense in
terest. The wind was too high in the
morning to permit of a flight and
when it fell at 4 o'clock in the after
noon Wright made three false starts.
Finally at 5:1: the aviator got
away nicely, sailing majestically up
the Field.
After rounding the upper turn
Wrigt swept back and began des
cribing elipses.
On the thirteenth round Wright
rose to GO feet, after almost skim
ming the earth.
In the gathering darkness the
aeroplane could no longer be
seen ai me iartner enn oi ine neui
nd it appeared and disappeared in the
gloom like a white phantom. Only
the sound of the ceaseless ehurn of
the propellers told the multitude that
Wright was still in the air. Matches
were lighted to keep watch on the
fleeting minutes and night had fallen
when at the end of the 33d roun.
Wright came lightly to the ground.
With a mad cheer the crowd rush
ed forward, only being prevented
from hoisting the American, triumph
on their shoulders by charging eav
alrv. Night Riders in North Carolina. -Shelby,
N. C, Special. Mr. J, F.
Jenkins, the manager of the South
ern Cotton Oil Company at thi3
place, received a letter Saturday no
tifying him that, if he continued to
gin cotton in the face of the declin
ing nuiiket night-riders would burn
his gin. Not knowing whether this
no' ice was genuine or a hoax, he re
queued the local papers to make no
publication until he could submit it
to the Charlotte office of his com
pany. In the meantime he has In
structed his 'night watchman to
shoot any person found around the
premises at night. The original let
ter was sent to the Charlotte of
fice and only two or three of Mr.
Jenkins' intimate friends were in
formed of its receipt. Under this
siiation less than a dozen people of
this place have any information or
knowledge of the matter and Mr.
Jenkins, when approached about it,
stated that he had nothing to give
out as he had referred same to the
Charlotte office. No other ginner of
this section has received such notice
so far as can be learned and there
is a difference of opinion among the
few who have heard of the notice
received by Mr. Jenkins. Some
think it to bo genuine, while others
think that possibly it is the work of
some personal enemy.
Big Strike in England.
Manchester, England, By Cable.
All hope of avoiding a parlyzinij
strike in the cotton industry and al
lied trades was abandoned Monday,
when four hundred cotton mills did
ot open. The shut-down came as
the result of the rejection by 130,
000 cotton mill employes of the pro
posal of five per cent cut in wages.
It, is estimated that the total num
ber who will be thrown out of em
ployment as a result of the strike
will reach one million two hundred

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