MADE FATAL FLIGHT
Airship Plunges to the Earth
Frow Great Height
CARRYING ONE MAN TO DEATH
Wright's Aeroplane Meets With Se
rious Accident, Killing One and Se
verely Injuring the Daring Navi-
"Washington, Special. After hav
ing" drawn the attention of t lie world
"to his aeroplane flights at Fort Myer,
and having established new world
records for the heavier-than-air fly
ing machines, Orville "Wright met
with a tragical mishap while making
a two-mile flight. The aeroplanist
was accompanied ' by Lieutenant
Thomas E. Self ridge, of the Signal
Corps of the army. Lieutenant Sel
ridge was fatally injured and di-jd
at 8:10 o'clock at night. Mr. Wright
was seriously injured, but is expect
ed to recover.
Major George 0. Squier, acting
chief sigual officer of the army Fri
day morning convened the board of
signal officers for the purpose of
making an official inquiry into the
death of Lieutenant,. Selfridge. Ma
jor Charles McK. Saltzman as chair
man and Captain Charles S. Wallace
and Lieut. Frank P. Lahm Avere the
other members present.
Major Squier, as acting chief sig
nal otlicer, reviewed the finding of
the court, which were given out by
him as follows:
The Findings of the Court.
"The board finds that the accident
which occurred in an unofficial flight
made at Fort Meyer, Va., at about
5:18 p. m., September 17th. 190S, was
due to the accidental breaking of a
propeller blade and a consequent un
avoidable loss of control which re
sulted in the machine falling to the
ground from a height of about 75
"The board finds that First Lieut
ant Thomas E. Selfridge, First
Field Artillery (attached to the Sig
nal Corps by War Department orders,
and assigned to aeronautical duty),
accompanied Mr. Wright, by author
ity, on the aeroplane for the purpose
of officially receiving instructions
and received injuries by the falling
of the machine which resulted in his
The signal corps-will proceed with
it aeronautical work and it is un
derstood that the Wright brothers
will be permitted to make their of
ficials trials whenever they are ready,
without endangering their chance of
receiving the contract price of $2-5,-000
for their aeroplane.
Chanler the Nominee.
Rochester, N. Y., Special. Nomi
nating all but one of its candidates
by acclamation and adopting a plat
form which arraigns the administra
tion of Governor Hughes and pledges
earnest support to the Denver plat
form and candidates, the Democratic
State convention nominated as the
rhead of its ticket for Governor the
State, Lewis Stuyvesant Chanler, of
Dutchess county. John A. Dix, of
Washington county, was nominated
itor Lieutenant Governor. All oppo
sition to Mr. Chanler disappeared af
ter a conference of the State leaders,
which occupied a greater part of
the night. The ticket decided upon
by the leaders, with one exception,
seemed to meet the approval of all
the delegates, and the nominations
were made with great enthusiasm un
til the office of State Engineer and
Surveyor was reached. The confer
ence candidate for this office was
Phillip P. Farley, of Brooklyn, an an-ti-McCarren
man. Senator McCar
ren, amid the cheers of his support
ers, took the platform "to resent an
Suffocated in Tunnel.
Detroit, Mich., Special. Two men
were suffocated and three others in
jured in a fire at the Windsor end of
the Michigan Central tunnel lues
day morning. When the flames were
discovered the two hundred men
working in the shaft made a dash
for the exits. All reached the air
except four. The exact amount of
damage is unknown.
Testify to Discriminations.
Atlanta, Ga., Special. There were
only two witnesses examined by Spe
cial Examiner Smith, representing
the Interstate Commerce Commission
in the complaint of four negro bish
ops alleging discrimination against
their race by several Southern rail
roads. The witnesses were II. E.
Perry, a negro insurance worker, and
A. Graves, a negro real estate agent,
of Atlanta. Both told of instances in
which they had been refused better
accommodations than was furnished
by "the railroads, even though they
had been willing t3 pay for them.
Lockout of Two Hundred Thousand
Manchester, Eng., By Cable. Late
Friday night there seemed to be no
hope that " a lockout, of 200.000 cotton
operatives could be avoided. The wage
dispute is of long standing. The em
ployers proposed to reduce wages five
cent, but they finally consented
to put the reduction in force un
""l'janMrv of next year, The ope
ralives .voft.1 on the question whether
not to accept this offer.
KEAYSV G LEANINGS.
Oustav Stickley announced his n'an
to found a craftsman's village in New
Roser Foster, reiurnina; from Rus
sia, said the country was in a state of
The Netherlands asked France If
phe coulil co-operate in action against
Socialists attacked a Catholic priest
at Budapest, Austria; fifty of the riot
ers were arrested.
The secon.i animal vdavground con
gress iv. et in New York City, with del
egates from sixty cities.
The Catholic parade in London
railed out enormous crowds, but there
was no serious disorder.
Governor Maeoon, of Culm, issued
a decree fidng November 14 as the
date of the Presidential election.
Dr. D. Laszlo Detre, of the Univer
sity of Budapest, announced a new
method of diagnosing tuberculosis.
,Ray C. Ewry, the Olymnic cham
pion jumper, was honored by his as
sociates at the Brooklyn Navy Yard.
Premier Denkin has asked the Bri
tish Government to send to Austrnli
a fleet at least as large as the Ameri
can. France will wait until Mulai Hafig
shows his ability to govern Morocco
peacefully before asking the Powers
to recognize him as ruler.
Venezuelan insurgent commission
ers at Panama said that a strong
movement to overthrow President
Castro was being organized.
The British Foreign Office inti
mated that England would not be
averse to giving aid in action against
Venezuela; Italy will take no action.
M. de Reus, the Dutch Minister to
Venezuela, said that the letter which
caused his expulsion was published
without his consent. A blockade of
the Venezuelan coast, he added, would
be an easy matter.
Memorial to Gam Jones.
Oklahoma City, Special. Fund
are being raised by the Epworth
League societies of Oklahoma for the
erection of a handsome monument to
the memory of the late Rev. Sam V.
Jones, the famous Georgia evangelist.
Jones' last woik as an evangelist was
in this State, and-4ie has thousand?
of admirers here. The memorial will
cost about $5,000.
Southern Railway Officials Promoted.
Washington, Special. Randall
Cllffton, general freight agent of the
Southern Railway, with headquarters
in Atlanta, has been appointed as
sistant freight traffic manager, vie
G. R. Browder, who has been ap
pointed member for the South of th
uniform classification committee. F,
II. Behring, assistant general freight
agent with headquarters in Louis
ville, has been appointed genera
freight agent with headquarters ir
The Cholera in Manila.
Manila, By Cable. With cholera
cases developing at the rate of sixty
a day and one-third of them result
ing fatally, this week will determine
whether the visit of the fleet will be
any more than a formal entrance in
to the harbor. The authorities are
hopeful that the disease will be
checked before the fleet arrives so
that the programme of festivities
may be carried out.
Thaw Accepts Service.
Pittsbunr. Sneeial Harrv K. Thaw
who is seeking relief from his credi
tors through the national bankruptcy
law, accepted, through one ot his at
torneys, A. P. Myer, service of a rule
to show cause why he should not be
adjudged in contempt of court for
failure to attend the creditors' meet
ing called last week by Referee Wil
liam R. Blair. The service was made
upon Thaw in jail last week and was
witnessed by his attorney, C. Mor
schauser. Dies by His Own Hand.
Asheville, N. C, Special. Mr. Jas.
II. Osborne, for the past twenty-five
years connected with the T. S. Morri
son & Co., carriage warehouse of this
city and one of the most quiet, un
assuming and best known business
men in Asheville, committed suicide
Fi'.day morning "shortly before 3
o'clock in his apartments in the Y.
M. C. A. building on Haywood street.
No cause can be assigned for the rash
Confessed Murderer Arrested.
Jacksonville, Fla., Special. Wal
ter Ledbetter, a negro tramp, was
arrested bv Sheriff Bowden, in the
settlement of Marietta, and confess
ed to killinc Mrs. Norman and her
daughter there Saturday. As soon
as the residents of the settlement
learned that the negro had been cap
tured, there were threats ot a lynch
in?, but the ncirro was .safely lodged
in the Duval county jail, where he
is under guard. A speedy trial is
now being arranged for the negro.
Forest Fires in West Virginia.
Cumberland, Md., Special Re
ports are being received of disast
rous forest fires in the vicinity of
Thomas, Davis, William and other
points in West Virginia along the
line of the Western Maryland Rail
road, Water is very scarce, compli
cating the situation. No water has
passed over the Dry Fork dam for
some time and conditions are serious
in that localitv. The smoke is so
I dense at Thomas that objects a few
jeer distant are lnuisting'viisiiablc.
CONVICT LEASE ENDS
Georgia Rids Herself of Cruel
, System of Long Standing
WORK OF SPECIAL LEGISLATURE
Governor Smith Signs Bill Which
Ends a Regime of Corruption and
Great Brutality In the Cracker
Atlanta, Ga., Special. Just at mid
night Saturday night Governor Hoke
Smith signed the convict lease bill
which hereafter prohibits the leasing
of felons except by the consent of
the Governor and prison commission.
The bill was passed by the Legis
lature Saturday after $35,000 had
been spent in an extra session, and
nearly a month used in discussing
the legislation. With the signature
of Govenor Smith on the bill as en
grossed, Georgia has done away with
a system which has been in exist
ence ever since 1805.
It was to settle this convict lease
question that Governor Smith called
a special session of the Legislature.
He desired that the lease system be
absolutely abolished and the bill as
passed provides that there will be np
leasing of convicts to any contractoi
for private gain. It is said these con
tractors have made thousands of dol
lars out of convict labor in Georgia
in the last forty years, men being
leased to them at $100 a piece with
the proviso of board and sleeping
In the investigation which led to
the present legislation there was con
siderable testimony to the effect that
negro convicts had been whipped by
overseers, that in several cases the
abuse had resulted in the death of
men under the control of the lessee.
When the Georgia Legilature as
sembled a month ago to consider the
question of convict labor, Governor
Smith announced that he desired all
traces of the lease sysem to be erad
icated. The House and Senate disa
greed as to how this should be ac
complished. The Senate insisted that
there should be no leasing after
March 31 next. The House wanted
the lease system extended to 1911.
Finally, however, House and Senate
compromised on a measure which
permits the use by the State of any
convicts not used on State roads, nor
by municipalities, nor in State insti
tutions. These men may be used as
;he prison commission and Governor
sees fit, but as a close friend of Gov-
srnor Smith said when it was sug
gested this provision might have
a "joker." "Governor Smith, you
may be sure, is totally opposed to
leasing convicts to private individ
uals and will never consent to any
leases of this kind. The lease system
is dead. ' '
Watchman Killed by Robber.
Durham, Special. The dead body
of Jack Roberson, night watchman
of the Carrington Lumber Company,
of East Durham, was found Satur
day morning in the road between the
company's plant and the railroad
tracks, cold and evidently having
been there several hours. When the
alarm was spread, Sheriff Harvvard
was one of the first there and made
the examination disclosing the way
the man died. Two 38 calibre pis
tol wounds were found in the body.
Suspicion rests uon a colored man,
md robbery was the cause of the
To Confer on Roads.
Washington, Special. America
will be officially represented at the
International Good Roads Congress
to be held in Paris next month, ac
cording to an announcement made
last week. The French ministry of
public, works has issued formal in
vitations to all highway authorities
of this country and many will prob
Burglar Shot and Killed.
Macon, Ga., Special. City Detec
tive Tom Jones at 3 o'clock Sunday
morning shot and killed Junior Braid
a negro burglar, just after he had
burglarized the grocery store of J.
C. Vann and attempted to burglar
ize the dwelling of Thomas G. Car
roll. Mrs. Carroll was aroused by
the r.cgro in the house and screamed.
He broke through the glass door and
ran. The city detective was callled.
gave chase and was forced to short
the negro, who showed fight when
he was overtaken.
Roosevelt Appeals for Taft.
Oyster Bay, N. Y., Special. -President
Roosevelt in a letter to William
B. McKinley, chairman of the Re
publican congressional committee,
made public Sunday, appeals to dis
interested citizens to join with the
national Republican committee and
the congressional, committee in a
movement to elect William H. Taft
as President and a Republican Con
gress to support him.
THE NEWSJN BRIEF
Items of Interest Gathered B
Wire and Cable
GLEANINGS FRCM DAY TO DAY
I4va Items Covering Events of More
or Less Interest at Hono and
Chancellor von Buelow welcomed
the Interparliamentary Union.
It is thought that Great Britain
and Germany will stand together in
preventing extreme measures against
Castro by Holland.
Sven Iledin, the Norwegian travel
er, gave details about his trip
through unexplored Tibet.
Cardinal Vannutelli, the Papal Le
gate departed from London amid the
singing of "God save the Pope."
The cholera continues to . spread
rapidly in St. Petersburg.
Andrew Carnegie has written a let
ter to the Interparlimentary Union
urging universal peace and assert
ing that Emperor William could
The Prince de Broglie has aban
doned his wife, an American woman,
and their child and says he will sue
for divorce on the ground of infidel
ity. A case of cholera has developed on
the transport Sheridan in Manila and
the number of cases at St. Peters
burg has doubled in 24 hours.
The German Foreign Office has re
ceived the French-Spanish note on
Morocco in a friendly spirit, but with
Lawsr to give the Jews greater
freedom are being drafted by the
Bryan, in two speeches delivered
in Delaware, directly charged the
Republicans with relying on the con
tributions of the Steel Trust to elect
. A number of Marylanders confer
red with Chairman Hitchcock on the
sitation in this State.
Democratic Vice Presidential can
didate Kem began his Western
A candidate of the Boston and
Maine Railroad was nominated for
Governor in New Hampshire.
According to the New York Press,
Wall street lias picked Chanler as
the winner for Governor.
Governor Hughes was renominated
by the Republican State Convention
in New York at the dictum of Presi
Bryan made speeches in Delaware
and New Jersey, and in an interview
at Philadelphia declared Taft was
Efforts for harmony were made in
the New York State Democratic Con
vention. The Delaware Democratic State
Convention nominated a ticket, and
the "drys" talk of putting an op
position ticket in the field.
John Temple Graves, Independence
party candidate for Vice President,
challenged John W. Kern, his Demo
cratic opponent, to a joint debate.
The Republicans are represented
as feeling confident that they will
National Affairs. .
The Wright aeroplane was wreck
ed at Fort Myer, Virginia, yesterday.
Lieut. Thomas Selfridge being fat
ally injured and Orville Wright's
hip and several ribs being broken.
By new methods of economy the
battleship fleet will save nearly
$100,000 worth of coal on its cruise.
Revenue and customs receipts are
rapidly increasing, showing an im
provement in the country's business.
Secretary Metcalf has run up
against an old law which limits in
crease of navy-yard employes near
In a sham fight between four sub
marines and a cruiser the submarines
scored a complete victory.
E. H. Harrimau sa.ys he favors ai
increase in roil rates, not because ht
needs it, but for the reason that it
would help the weaker lines.
The Great Council, Improved Or
der of Red Men, elected officers.
Emma Goldman, the woman anar
chist, is going on a lecturing tour of
An effort is being made to bring
about an affiliation between the En
glish union of engincmen and fire
men and the American brotherhood
The former Western manager of
the E. Mcllhenny Canning and Man
ufacturing Company, of Chicago, ask
ed for a receiver.
Judge Pritchard, in Richmond,
sustained his findings that the South
Carolina dispensary system is illegal.
Mrs. Edith Bc-be, widow of a vic
tim of the Monoghan mine disaster,
committed suicide in Buckhannon.
Norfolk has a mysterious child
Burton and Conquest, the negroes
convicted of rioting in Onacoek, were
granted new trials by the Supreme
'GARDEN. FARM and CROP3
When in doubt, suggests the Board
of Agriculture, raise sheep. The state
needs them, and there's a lot of money
in it for any intelligent and industrious
body who really wishes to get back to
Selection of Brood Saws.
In selecting brood sows remember
that length of body is important i
you want prolific breeders. You may
select a comparatively compact boar
one with a strong back, but a short
sow is not desirable. Farmers Home
Sugar Cures Sour Crop.
Fowls occasionally suffer from sour
crop; that is, when picked up they
vomit a quantity of fluid, and the crop
feels soft. For this we know of no bet
ter remedy than two teaspoonfuls of
sugar and baking soda, in a teacupful
of warm water. Give two -teaspoon
fuls of this once a day, and at the
same time supply plenty of grit. In
Weight of Milk.
Milk weighs about eight and a half
pounds to the gallon, varying a little
according to the percentage of solids.
Cream will weigh about eight pounds
to the gallon, varying some according
to the percentage of butter fat. The
richer the cream the less it weighs.
Pure butter fat weighs a little less
than seven and three-quarter pounds
to the gallon. Liquids expaned when
heated and contract when cooled. A
gallon of milk or cream when heated
will be less than a gallon when cooled.
Farmers Home Journal.
Selecting the Dairy Sire.
First he must be bred from dairy
stock. He must be an animal that
combines the blood of dams with the
butter-producing records and be sired
by a bull that is noted for his good
breeding of producers.
A bull that has-tested daughters in
the list of high producing cows always
comes from right breeding and grand
Second, I prefer a young bull that
has come from a sire and dam that.
have made reputations as breeding
animals. This means that they will be
Third, prepotency is essential in
a bull that is to help uplift the herd's
productivity, especially if the herd be
one of grades.
Good size, constitutional quality
and vitality are three esential points
which must not be overlooked when
selecting the dairy sire. In Successful
Value of Tile Drainage.
Millions of acres of good farming
land have been tile-drained with great,
benefit thereto, but there are millions
of acres more in the country which
will be improved, sooner or later by
such treatment. In many sections of
the country, the experts of the Depart
ment, of Agriculture state, the farm
ers are growing fair crops; but they
do not realize that with tile drainage
they could greatly increase their crops. '
Soil drainage is a matter, however,
which requires some study of the con
ditions. Systems which will perfect
ly drain some lands and enable their
owners to produce maximum crops are
entirely inadequate for other soils. The
questions of the area of ground to
be drained by a tile line and the depth
at which the tiles should be laid are
ones which each farmer must consider
on his own particular farm. A great
many experiments have been made by
the government and the experiment
stations; but these serve only as a
general index, for soils vary and two
adjoining farms, or even land in the
same farm may require different treat
ments. But the subject is worth sttidy
ing. Many lands need drainage which
appear to be naturally well-drained
and the drainage literature of the De
partment of Agriculture which will be
furnished on application is well worth
reading. A well-constructed tile drain
age system will last for years and the
cost of installation is soon overcome
by the increased production of the
Only recently Ae Department of
Agriculture issuea a bulletin describ
ing the use of cement on the farm, in
which it was shown that concrete tile
drains are a means of reducing the
expense of a system of drainage. But
withal the ingenious farmer can at
little expense manufacture his own
pipes out of concrete by utilizing a
In a Wisconsin Experiment Station
test in corn growing on comparatively
naturally well-drained soil, the yield
was more than doubled by tile drain
ing, lines 70 feet apart, , while with
lines at 40 feet intervals the yield of
both corn and roughage was increased
over 300 percent. G. E. M., in the In
Raising Horses cn the Farm.
New England farms are well adapt
ed to the raising of horse3. We have
the finest of timothy and clover hay,
oats and other horses' feeds. No
where are they produced in greater
abundance or better quality, and yet.
we find that many western horses are
brought into the farming districts of
New England states and sold to farm
ers for farm teams. I believe that
all the horses required for farming
purposes should be raised on our own
farms. I believe that many of the dray,
express and general utility horses
employed in the villages and cities
might be raised profitably on the farms
of the East. Farmers who succeed in
breeding and developing, fine carriage
horses of the trotting and coaching
blood are comparatively few. This is
a branch of horse breeding that re
quires, first of all a genuine love of tho
horse, careful training, exacting skill,
scientific knowledge and some capital.
The splendid standard-bred horses,
the fashionable carriage, coach, and
trotting horses, are the result of in
telligent breeding and handling by ex
perienced trainers on farms owned by
wealthy men who are themselves horse
lovers. These men, and may their
number never grow -less, are real pub
lic benefactors in the perfection of
equine beauty, refinement and speed.
From their stables must continue to
come the fashionable drivers and
teams. Every farmer of moderate
means can, if he will, own a pair of
sound mares suitable for farm work.
From these, if good judgment is exer
cised in the use of a stallion, he can,
with little trouble, raise a pair of
colts yearly, or every other year at
least, that with good care and train
ing, which every farmer ought to be
capable of giving, will develop into
saleable farm, draft and general pur
pose teams. There is a widely extend
ed market for horses of this kind, and
the prices of good sound teams gives
promise of being high enough to make
the raising of horses on the farm rea
sonably profitable. Many a promising
foal is spoiled through lack of good
food or unsuitable feeding, and hap
hazard and wrong methods of breeding
are not the only cause of such a great
number of inferior, weedy and under
sized horses being raised by the farm
er. In many cases the inferior quality
of a horse or its weediness, or its
want of size and substance is entirely
the result of its breeder not having
rearer it in a proper and suitable
manner. A young and growing horse
requires plenty of nourishment in or-'
der that its body may make the fullest
possible amount of development, and
unless. it gets all the food and all the
nourishment which it requires its de
velopment is bound to suffer in some
way or other. The farmer must, there
fore, be careful to see that his young
horse stock gets sufficiency of good
nourishing food. There is, of course,
such a thing as over-feeding young
and growing horses with cohnlrated
foods, but this can hardly occur in
the case of the average farmer. Young
horses require to be kept improving
and making growth continuously from
the day of foaling until ready for
breaking in, and for this reason it is
necessary that the breeder should take
care to keep hi3 foals, yearlings, two
year olds and three year olds fully sup
plied with an adequate amount of nour
ishing food every day throughout the
year. J. P. F., in the American Culti
The pigs on rape grow rapidly, and
so, too, on alfalfa.
In hot days the shade in the pasture
is excellent for the hogs. -
Stringy or ropy milk is caused very
often by drinking stagnant water.
Try to arrange to give each horse on
the farm a three weelcs' vacation on
Keep the stables and the yards clean
so that flies and insects have no breed
Give charcoal and some salt now oc
casionally for hogs, to keep them in
See that all the hogs have plenty
of fresh, clean water to drink, es
pecially during hot, dry days.
After a day's work clean the work
horses thoroughly, wash their legs
from the knees down and rub dry.
Keep the milking stable darkened
and screened, and spray the cows
every day. It will pay in dollars and
Some corn should be fed to the
shoats on pasture to make them grow
and develop fast. It balances up the
protein gained on pasture.
Never does a healthy horse. All he
needs is good care and good feed. The
good care includes, of course, regular
exercise. It is just as bad for a horse
to be all the time taking medicine as
it is for a man.
It costs about $10 to keep a breed
ing sow a year. If she gives you two
litters of eight pigs each year, there
should be a clear profit of at least
$20 from her, and you have your so
left in the bargain.
One of the advantages of the pas
tures for the pigs is, that they will
fill their stomachs on the palatable
green stuff, and besides its other quali
ties it distends the stomach in the de
velopment and make them larger f ot
finishing with corn later on.
, Morton E. Converse, a philanthropic
citizen of Winchendon, Mass., has
given $10,000 for a soldiers' memorial
building inHiiSdse,, N. H., where hg