fl9 a Year, la AdYanc. , FOR GOD, FOR COUNTRY AND FOR TRUTH. " .. SinsJa Copy 5 Casta,
VOL. Xi; "PLYMOUTH, nTc. FRIDAY, OCTOBER 9, 1908. NO. 19.
WAR CI OURS I OWFR
Outlook is For Swift Beginning
NLY SMALL NATIONS INVOLVED
London Hears News From Several
Sources That Two Crises Are Im
pending Which May Force Hostili
ties in the Near, Future. V
London, By ' Cable.-Events which
threaten to change the " political face
cf Europe are crystalizing with light
ning rapidity. Almost Over night the
horizon of the Near,, East, which
seemed 1 gradually to, be assuming a.
peaceful appearance, has become
crowded with war clouds.
1 ' News has reached here, from sev
eral sources that two definite , strokes
are impending which cannot fail to
bring matters to a crisis, and perhaps
force ah immediate war. One is thej
proclamation by Prince Ferdinand,
of the independence of Bulgana,
f which will incuude Rumelia, taking
for himself the title of 'fCzar." The
other is an announcement of Austro
Hungary of the practical annexation
of the provinces of Bosnia and Her
zegovina as appendages of the Austro
Either- action- will be equivalent to
the leasing up of the treaty of Berlin
while Prince . Ferdinand's courses
... . .. . . . -,t
seems almost certain to, precipitate
a war between Bulgaria and Turkey.
Before these possibilities the . .qtiar-5
rel over the. East: Ru-melin sectibti 'af
the Orient' Railway sink's into insig-j;
! mucance. isoui armies are reporiuu,
to be quietly and swiftly mobilizing'
n?ar- the - borders, -. Bulgarians are
-said to be '.buying munitions arid'
horses, on an. extensive scale.
Bulgarians have faith- in their
army, which has reached a high state
. of efficiency although it is perhaps
lacking in officers and the war, ' for
V.. which .Bulgaria has long been sus-'
pw4MPrf,Parinf?i could be fought
with more advantage for" her -now
than when the Turkish government
had time to reorganize its forces,
, which have become enravelled by the
corruption . and neglect of the old
. regime. .
The Emepror' of Austria,, jt is un
derstood, has despatched a letter to
the President of France, setting forth
his intentions regarding Bosnia and
Herzegovinaj ' although the contents
of the letter are kept secret, and he
..is sending similar notes to the other
It seems incredible that Emperor
Francis Joseph, who always has been
- a -scrupulous observer of forms,
should reveal his plans to the rulers
of other nations before he has com
municated them to his own Parlia
ment. One explanation is that the
letter was not intended for delivery
until v'T4uesday. : when identical notes
would " be .presented to the other
powers. " ' ' ' -1
Austria is suspected of eneourasra
ing the " recent Bulgarian-Turkish
trouble far her own interests, but
the British government has made pro-
. posals . to the two countries looking
; ,tp the settlement" of the railway casa,
under which the other powers have
agreed to give support to the plan,
which contemplates the temporary
. restoration of the way to Turkey "to
save her! face,'" and then transfer
ence of the company to the Bulgarian
The . English . press expresses sur
prise that Austria and Bulgaria
should plot against Turkey and asks
if the great powers will submit to
having obstacles placed in the way of
the regeneration of Turkey. ,
General Wright Selected.
Washington, Special. President
Roosevelt will, designate General
Luke E. Wright, Secretary of War, as
the government's official representa
tive at- the Southern commercial con-,
gress, which will convene in this
city December 7th and 8th just prior
to the national rivers and harbors
Roosevelt to Take Stump.
Lincoln, Neb., Special. That Pres
ident Roosevelt fully "intends to take
the stump in favor of the candidacy
of Mr. Taft was the information re
ceived at Fairview from the East.
It was said that the advices cam.i
from persons on whom reliance could
' be placed and wore to the effect that
Mr. RooseveU is planning to make
at least six speedy in the 'course of
n trm from the Ailmtie tj the Pac
ifie, the cone!
"o be de-
livered at S.
ous short t-.,.eci..
Bryan, however, rei,
comment on the sub if
f to make any
ALL EUROPE IS EXCITED
Prince Ferdinand Declares the Inde
pendence of His People and Takes
For Himself the" Title of Czar
Within a Few Days Austria-Hungary
Will Proclaim New Status of
Bosnia and Herzeovia All Eu
London, By Cable. In the ancient
capitol -of Tirnovo the independence
of Bulgaria was. proclaimed Monday
with the Czar of the Bulgarians as a
ruler. Czar of the Bulgarians is rec
ognized to mean more than Czar of
Bulgaria, because Jt' is a distinct in
timation that he regards his country
as having soverignty over all the peo
ple, pf that blood in the near East
Within a day or two Austria-Hungary
which has been working with Prince
Ferdinand in this preconcerted plan,
will proclaim the new status of Bos
nia, and Herzegovina.
All ; Europe Stirred.
The question . which has been stir
ring the whole of Europe more deep
ly, than any similar question within
the memory of the present generation
is," does it mean war? -From all . the
capitals come , reports, indicating Jhat
it ' means, first of all, another Euro
pean congress of the signers of the
treaty of Berlin to consider the situa
tion and probably to revise the treaty.
Turkey caught in a moment of weak
ness is the victim of this situation
while some international animosities
have been stirred up, probably ' no
power is willing to make war.
Reports from the emancipated Tur
kish press to Lonchwindieate that the
"young Turks V vjj'iwaUow this bit
ter pill as best they Jean. ''and, 'if they
.do,: ' naturally the Bulgarians while
'willing, and 'eager,, fof war, will have
no causey on -which.; Jo. base the '-be-'jnhingf.o'f.
From the 'Britishstandpoint the
iwhole affajr has bjcteft.1 a- surprise ber
British', igovernm'it'f elt jt self , with
nppareuy.:,...an i;;unaesianaing 01
"friendship with Italy, to be in a posi
tion where it dominated . European
politics, reserving out of this consid
eration the almost dpen enmity be
tween .itself and Germany. '"
Probably never in the history of
Europe have politics taken such
: amazingly kaleidsedpic - revolutions
as during the past week. 'An entang
ling situation will . come when the
signatories of the Berlin' treaty meet
to consider what action shall be
, taken regarding the. violations of the
treaty. , Great Britain has served
notice that it does not recognize the
right of any of the parties to this
treaty to violate its provisions with
out consulting the others but - Eng
lish diplomats know that the confer
ence will resolve itself into a scram
ble among the. powers to get what is
termed in European politics, "com
pensating advantages" which Aus
tria, backed by Germany, has already
The official statement issued by the
British foreign office says:
"His Majesty's government cannot
admit the right of any power to alter
an international treaty without the
consent of the other parties to it
and therefore refuses to sanction any
infraction of the Berlin treaty and
declines to recognize what has been
done until the views oi the other
powers are known, especially those of
Turkey which is more directly con
cerned than any one else."
Wright Makes Three Flights.
Lemans, France, By Cable. Wilbur
Wright, the American aeroplanist,
made two short flights with passen
gers. One was with M. Bollee, who
weighs about 216 pounds, and the
other with M. Peller, vice president
of the Aero Club of the Sarthe.who
weighs 176 pounds. These demonstra
tions of the machine's ability to
carry weight were entirely satisfac
tory. Mr. Wright made another short
flight in the evening accompanied by
Ottawa, Ont., Special. From the
Atlantic to the Pacific, Canada is
now in the thores of the political
campaign preceeding the general par
liamentary elections on October 26.
The nominations will take place a
week before election, on October 19,
and from now until that date Can
adians will have little rest from the
importunities of the politicians.
Sole Survivor Rescued.
Mobile, Ala., Special. A message
received here by the collector of the
port states that the Belgian steamer
Tiflis arrived at Port Arthur, Te.v.,
and reports picking up at sea a raft
having on board Alexander Sjoholm,
sole survivor of the. crew of the Am
erican schooner Beulah McCabe, and
one dead body. Sjoholm reported
that his companion died from exhaus
tion and starvation. The raft was
picked up two hundred miles south
west of the Bahamas.
MARCH' OF SCIENCE
. . .
The President Addresses the
PRAISES GREAT ACHIEVEMENTS
Great Meeting' of Scientists Adjourns
to Assemble Next at Eome Presi
Washington, D. C, Special. The
International Tuberculosis Congress,
whicfc has been in session here closed
Saturday to meet next in Rome.
One of the most pleasant surpirses
of the closing scenes of the congress
was the appearance for the first time
during its proceedings of." President
Roosevelt. In a characteristic address
Prosident Roosevelt paid a notable
tribute to the assemblage of so many
scientists of intenational reputation.
The President spoke in part as fol
"It is difficult for us to . realize ' tha
extraordinary changes, the extraordi
nary progress, in certain lines of so
cial endeavor during the last two "or
three generations; and ' in no other
manifestation of human activity have
the changes been quite so far-reaching
as in the ability to grapple with
disease. It is not so . very -long,
measuring time by history, since tho
attitude of man towards, a disease
such as that of consumption was one
of helpless acquiescence in what he
considered to be the 'mandates of
a supernatural power. . It is but a
short time since even the most gifted
members of the medical profession
knew as little as any .layman of the
real cause of a disease like this, and
therefore necessarily of the remedies
to be invoked to overcome it.
"Take, for instance, the work that
the United States government is . now
doing in Panama. The Isthmus of
Panama, which was a by-word for
fatal disease, has become well-nigh
a sanatorium ; and it has become to
because the investigations of certain
medical men which enabled them iq,
find out the real causes of certain
diseases, especially yellow fever and
malarial fever, and to take measures
to overcome them. The older doc
tors here when they were medical
students would have treated the sug
gestion of regarding mosquitos as
the prime source of diseaes like tbfct
as a subjeet of mirth. These utterly
unexpected results have followed pa
tient laborious, dangerous and extra
ordinary skillful work' that has en
abled the cause of the disease to be
found and the diseases themselves to
be combatted with extraordinary suc
cess. "At this moment in the middle of
the great continent of Arfrica there is
a peculiarly fatal and terrible disease
the sleeping sickness, a disease whic'i
if it had been known to our ancestors
in the middle ages would have been
spoken of as the black death was
spoken of in the middle ages as a
scourge of God, possibly as something
connected .with a comet, or some sim
ilar explanation would have been ad
vanced. We all know -that it is due
to the carrying of a small and deadly
blood parasite by ' a species of biting
"And the chanpe to control that
disease lies, in the work of just such
men as, and indeed, of some of the
men who, are assembled here. You
who have come here, however, have
come to combat not a scourge confin
ed to the tropics, but what is on th-
whole the most terrible ,ecurge of the
people throughout the world. But
a few years' ago hardly an intelligent
effort was made or coul'd be made to
war against this peculiarly deadly
enemy of the humn race. The chance
successfully to conduct that war a
rose when ' the greatest ' experts in
the medical world turned their train
ed intelligence to -the task. It re
mains for them to find out just what
can be done.
"I feel that no g-athering could
take place fraught with greater hope
for the" welfare of the people at large
than this. I thank you all. men and
women of this country, and you, our
guests, for what you have done and
are doing. On behalf of the nation
I greet you, and I hope you will un
derstand how much we have appre
ciated your coming here."'
Tennessean's Brutal Crime.
Bristol, Tcnn., Special. A special
from Johnson City says: L. A. Bay
less, a magistrate attacked his brother-in-law,
Berney Bayless, while the
latter was asleep in bed at his home
in this city and almost literally chop
ped his head off with fln axe. He
then attacked Bnyless' wife, fatal'y
wounding her. Turning the weapon
upon his own wife, who was in the
house, he struck her several blows,
inflicting probably fatal injuries.
Bayless'' was arrested and half an
hour later was found dead in his cell,
having hanged himself.
THE NEWS IN BRIEF
Items of Interest Gathered By
Wire and Cable
GLEANINGS FRGM DAY TO DAY
Live Items Covering Events, of More
. or Less Interest at Homa and
., Foreign Affairs.
The fleet is nearing Manila and the
big celebration will be held. ,
A total of 50.000 are bpKeveA
have perished in the flods in' India.
Australia invited President . Roose
velt to stop there on his way td' Af
rica, but he said it was' impossible.
Blaming a" ferry captain for the
wreck in which 140 persons were
drowned, a Smyrna mob burned the
steamer company 's offices.
The American fleet is anchored in
double column off the Luneta in Ma
nila Bay,, but only officers are allowed
to go ashore on account of the chole
ra. In the South.
The Fredericksburg Fair ended af
ter an especially successful season..
The Farmers ' Union of Greenville
county, S. C, severely' denounces the
so-called efforts at night riding.
Miss Louise .Lansdale, the actress,
has withdrawn her $100,000 breach-of-promise
suit against Blaine Elkins.
Mr. Grossman; of Manchester, Va.,
pleaded guilty, of arson and was sen
tenced to five years in the peniten
tiary. . .
Dr. Detre defended his inoculation
of Washington children with tuber
culin and showed the scientific import
ance of the experiments..
W. E. Glasscock, candidate-; ' for
Governor of West . Virginia, is ex
pected to resign his place as revenue
collector. ,. '-. '
The Atlantic Coast Line Railway is
giving very low grates -to people from
ther Northwest' 'who :de&ir4 to .-coine
South' with ai view 'of majifirg homes.'
The Brownsville case comes before
the United States 'Supreme. . Court on
the appeal of one of the negro troop
ers who was discharged by the Presi
dent. Vice Presidential candidate John
W: Kern spoke in Asheyi.lle,.N. C, on
Monday .to an audience, of 10,000 peo
ple.' He Went ' From Ashe vi lie to
Greensboro and Winston-Salem.
Governor Crqthers, of Maryland,
visited the tuberculosis congress.
Commander John B. Bernadon, the
"father of smokeless powder,, in the
United States Navy,: is' dead.
Miss T. B. Small, pf Cambridge,
Md., was appointed in the first group
of women nurses for the navy.
New York suffragettes will try to
register and vote. ' ;.
Bryan remained at home and said
that reports are encouraging.
Representative Longworth declares
that he never advocated the election
of Roosevelt to the presidency in
Judge Taft "hit in high places" in
Wj'oming and Colorado winding up
the day with a big meeting in the
Vice-President Kern, in a speech
at Birmingham, Ala., denounced the
use of the so-called Cleveland let
ter indorsing Taft as a vile stigma.
Chairman Mack, of the Democratic
National Committee, attacked Treas
urer Shelton, of the Republican com
mittee, for his alleged trust connec
tions. The Scherr faction of the t West
Virginia Republicans gave out a
statement at Parkersburg, roasting
the manner in which Glasscock was
named for Governor.
Six boys were killed in a railroad
wreck in Ohio.
Attroneys for $e Standard Oil
Company have given their side of the
Taft made 15 speeches, establishing
a two days' record of 31. "
An order for .220 steel passenger
cars for the Ilarriman lines has been
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., donned
overalls and began work in a carpet
Mrs. Howard Gould made addition
al charges against her husband who
is suing for divorce.
A New York jeweler has lost at
least $50,000 in. diamonds by theft,
and the amount may be much larger.
The American Bankers' .' Associa
tion came out squarely- against any
Lincoln Greene, traffic managers of
the. Southern Railway, declared in
Atlanta that reductions in the work
men's hours were "cruel."
Charges that Mrs. Howard ;Gould
drank were made in her divorce pro
ceedings, which were adjourned.
Adequate armor and peace will be
arguments before the North Carolina
Peace Conference; in Greensboro, Oc
Three persons were killed by a
powder explosion at Spencer, N. C.
Bryan issued a statement on his
arrival home charging Taft with mis
representations as to publicity for
Lewis S. Chanler, when notified of
his nomination by Democrats for gov
ernor of New York, declared Chair
man Conners had "bertayed a confi
dence" by outlining a Democratic
James II. Vahey was nominated
for governor of Massachusetts by
The League of American Munci-
Another Death Added to Tennes
Bristol, Tenn., Special.' A third
death was added to the list of victims
of Willianm Beals, who at . Johnson
City killed his brother-in-law, fatally
injured his sister-in-law and his own
wife, and then committed suicide,
when Mrs. Beals died Monday. His
sister-in-law,' Mrs. Bayless,. is still ' in
a-critical condition and may not re
cover. Supposed Jncendiary Fire.
Spartanburg, S.s C, Special. The
cotton house of W. A. Wood, near
Greer, a crib and a lot of ' farming
implements and road machinery were
destroyed by fire. Three bales of cot
ton were stored in 4 the building, but
the fire made such great headway that
it was impossible to save them. It
is thought the building was set on
Five Negroes Drown in the Tennessee
Chattanooga. Tenn., Special. A
row brnt containing.,five negroes cap
sized in the Tennessee river and all
the occupants were . drowned. Three'
of the -victims were men and two wo
men. The party had rowed across to
Moccasin Bend, and while returning
one of the Avomen became frieghtenod
and in' attempting to jump from tin
boat the li?ht craft was overturned.
But one of the number could swim.
TJie other four clung to him" and all
HOTELS AND COTTAGES BURN
ED. Fire Raging s.t Winthrop Beach One
Woman, Guest of Hotel, Missing.
Boston,' Special A brisk fire broke
out in the summer colony at Win
throp Beach at 11:30 o'clock Fridaj
night.' Crest Hall, a' summer hotel
accommodating seventy-five guests
and. the Ocean View House ara ir
flames, and a large number of the
cottages nearby are, threatened.
.Negro Eurned to Death.
Birmingham, Ala.,' Special. A. A.
McLenahan, a negro, was burned to
death and several others had narrow
escapes when fire destroyed the two
story building on the southwest -corner
of Third avenue and Eighteenth
street. The negroes were sleeping in
the building and McLenahan was try
ins to raise a window when he was
suffocated. The flames spread so
rapidly that he could not be rescued.
One Killed and Others Injured' h
Lynchburg, Va., Special. In a
cave-in of an excavation' fof an of
fice building here Dilley Robinson
was buried beneath the earth and
killed. Charles Clements sustained
fractured leg and injuries about 'th
body. Clement Morris and Franli
Nicholson were bruised about th
body. All the men were negro la
borers. Cost of Thaw Trial.
New York, Special. The total cost
to New York county of the prosecu
tion of Harry K. Thaw for the shoot
ing of Stanford White has been $54,
837, according to papers submitted -by
District Attorney Jerome to Justice
Mills at Newburgh.- The purpose of
Mr. Jerome's application to Justice.
Mills was to have the approaching
trial on the question of Thaw's mqnt
?l condition transferred from West
chester to New : York; county,.
';,: ; :. v , -
SHINING EXAMPLE; ;;- V
"I started to tell my, -wife abot ft
woman who made her. own fall gown."
."Well?"...,. ;,..V ; . .. :
"She capped '.try , story wUh. one
about a man who made a niiilion'dot
tars.' Louisville Courier Journal.
A FATAL EXPLOSIOfj
Powder House Blown Up et
Spencer, N. C. Shops
TWO DEAD : SEVERAL INJURED
Two Men Killed and Many Others
Injured Thursday Afternoon by
Blow-TJp of Powder House st
Southern Shops Buildings Wreck
ed and Much Property Destroyed.
Spencer, N. C, Special. Two mea
- j-, -j - -
that they can hardly recover and fif
teen or more slightly injured, with &
destruction of thousands of dollars
worth of property, is the result of
terrible blow-up Thursday afternoon
of the house in which the Southern
Railway Company kept stored ita
powder and other explosives used in.
connection with the work at ita
large shops here. The plant is bad
ly wrecked and; work is at a stand
still for some time. -
The dead are Charlie Leyton, aa
unmarried man about 45 years t of
age, whose body was mangled and
charred almost beyond recognition
and George Gould, colored.
Those believed to be fatally injur
ed are: ' .
Fletcher Stafford and James T.
Those slightly injured are:
W. F. Kaderly, master mechanic,
knocked unconscious ; C. II. Kadie,
shop Superintendent; W. W. Kluttz,
Ernest-Kluttz, Robert II. Kluttzr
George Huneyeutt, C. R. Trexler.' J.
W. Crowell, Karl Lentz, Fred Loflin,
Will Loflin, E. D. Whitmire, J. M.
Ellis and R. G.' Koontz.
. There may be others who received
minor bruises and contusions, but
their names could not be learned.
The explosion occurred m 5:30
o'clock and the shock was terrific,
being felt for miles around. .The
house in which the explosives . were,
was a metal structure 8xSxS feet and
was practically full of powder, dyr
namite, torpedoes and fusees, nearly
a car load in all. A caboose standing
on the track which ran'within a few
feet of the house had caught on fire
from some unknown cause and an
alarm had been turned in. The
Southern's fire company, composed
of volunteer men from among the
shop force, responded immediately
and three men had got a hose in hand
and were plying water on the burn
ing car when the. powder magazine
was touched off. Other workmen, re
sponding also to the fire alarm, had"
gathered and these were the men who
were killed and injured. Leyton was
employed in the round house, a short
distance from the scene of the explo
sion as flue blower, but he had got
close enough that his body was bad
ly burned and Ins face blown off,
death being instantaneous. The ne
gro was Leyton 's helper in the round
house. Stafford and Gobbel, were
two of the three men who were hero
ically working to save the road's
magnificent shops from being burnedr
to the ground: The third man was
Koontz, who was more fortunate and
escaped with a slight injury to one
arm, a splinter or bolt being blown
through the limb.
Had the awful blow-up been a few
hours earlier the fatalities would no
doubt have run up in the scores and
Deaths Remain at Two.
Spencer, Special. Up to Friday
night there have been no further fa
talities as a result of the explosion
of the powder magazine of the South
ern aRilway at Spencer Thursday af
ternoon at 5:50 o'clock, and most of
the twenty injured in the accident
are resting well. W. F. Stafford, a
member of the fire department, it is
feared, cannot recover. It is said
both eyes were blown out, his sknll
fractured and face and body fear
fully lacerated. J. T. Gobbel and
Will Loflin are also in a desperate
The work of clearing up the debris
from the wrecked building was pros
ecuted Friday with a big force of
men and conditions are rapidly be
coming normal, though-the town has
been in a decided state of confusioa
since the great explosion. The loss
to property is variously estimated at
from $75,000 to $100,000.
All the injured are being cared for
at the hospitals in Salisbury and at
their homes and the Southern offi
cials are doing all in their power to
alleviate their suffering. A number
of .those-lenst' injured was able to be
.out Friday. Since the early morning
telegrams and other messages have
poured into Spencer inquiring about
friends who arc in the employ of the
- It" was learned that many families.
m tpeneer sniicrra greaiiy irom tne
damaged. .Several women have been
in a hysterical condition since th