. ,-i,i & man wrM i 1 1 111
Year, la Advanc.
"FOR GOD, FOR COUNTRY AND FOR TRUTH."
tagl Copy g Csxt&,
PLYMOUTH, N, C. FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 27, 1908.
ALACE TO COTTAGE
USaycr Tom L Johnston Goes
HE WAS ONCE VERY WEALTHY
Mayor ,of Cleveland, For Years
Credited With Possessing a Large
Fortune, Announces That He Has
Lost Everything and Will Be Com
pelled to Move Into Smaller and
Less Expensive ' Quarters. -
Cleveland, 0., Special. Mayor Tom
I. Johnson, who for years has been
accredited with possessing a very
large fortune announced that he
had lost everything and would be
-compelled to give up his beautiful
liome on Euclid avenue and move in
to smaller and less expensive quar
ters. The mayor also stated that he
would give up his automobiles and
-other luxuries, as he could no longer
afford to keep them. His fortune
was wrecked, the mayor declared, by
..his devotion to affairs of the estate
of his dead brother, Albert, who was
'lieavily interested in traction prop
erty in the East.
After Albert's death a question
was put up to him whether he should
: resign bis office as mayor and take
rup the management of Albert's es
tate. "I deeided that I would not. I had
entered the fight in this city with
certain ideals before me. I wanted
fto fight privilege and special interest,
;and I had already decided to give up
working for dollars. So I concluded
to stay right here and do what I
-could to help my brother's children
-at long istance.
, "Why did I choose the course 1
-did? I'll tell you. I wanted happi
ness and nothing else when I closed
up my business affairs and took up
I've been happy, too.
jA'I'ni going to be happy yet, too.
We may have to go back to a cot-
-tage, but that's the way we started,
and we can look upon life just as
joyfully there as we did in ths big
house on Euclid avenue.
"They tell me my enemies are
planning to bring financial trouble
ipon me. I've been expecting it.
. "My enemies are cauable of doing
that. One may expect nothing else
Jjrom special privilege. Let them
make any sort of attack upon me
that they choose. I'll never give up
and they '31 always find me at the
"If I br.d been a coward if I had
run awry fro mthis fight for the peo
ple of Cleveland I could have saved
my fortune and built it up. But I
had chosen my course. I haven't
teen laboring as mayor with the ex
pectation of being rewarded by the
-gratitude of the people. One cannot
count on that. It's pleasure in doing
work that I like that ha.5 kept me
in the fight.
"I have never mads a r ingle penny
cut of the street railways since I be
came mayor. I don't feci discourag
ed. I'm a free man, and that means
a exeat dcr.I to me. Don't you suj- i
poso it will be vcrth something to
Eie to Lave my friends realize that
I entered tin, user's office rich and
left it poor
"I'm going to lorn on just as I've
t,tartd. I'm going to be a candidate
for ro-avof again wheu this term ia
'Ci-ufTerr Silled in Auto Crash.
W'ishu-g!c:!, Special. Noble Davis
a cLar.2.v.r, . was killed and several
tilers vers injurtd by the -overturning
of an' cntomohik noar ITyattS
t;JK M i. The automobile was own
ed by Joseph Siiash::gcr, a r.vr
eLor.i eT t-.'ib: city, and Driivs, who
c.i.i hU fl.c ff.ir, In-.d i liken out a
I'-trfy 'of !::' frit ids in the machine.
rtzs TtCtril Coout Dies at Mount
- Yemen, II. Y.
Mount Vernon, N. Y., Special.-
Col. John C. Babcock, who was one
of the principal scouts for the army
of the Potomac during the Civil war,
died at his home here. Colonel Bab
cock was 72 years of age. At the
outbreak cf the war. he enlisted at
Cbf-wgo"raJbe Sturgis" Rifles. He
was Licr asir.'" to theggcret serv
ice of thn a:' -V. r Major Allen,
-M Is. v. ' l discovered Gen
' ' 1 movement which
CAMPAIGN FUNDS OF
- REPUBLICAN PARTY
J. Pierpont Morgan Has Second Place.
Andrew Carnegie and Whitelaw
Reid, However, Also in $25,000
Class President $1,000.
New York dispatch, 21st.
When the report of George S. Shel
don, Eepublican national treasurer,
is filed, with the State Auditor of
New York at Albany it will be found
it is said that the Republican cam
paign which elected William H. Taft
was conducted with a fund of about
Charles P. Taft was the heaviest
contributor having added $160,000 to
The following isthe list of leading
contributors who gave over $250:
Charles P. Taft $160,000
J. Pierpont Morgan 25,000
Andrew Carnegie 25,000
William Nelson Cromwell... 25,000
Whitelaw Reid 25,000
D. O. Mills 5,000
Adolphus Busch 5,000
R. C. Kerens.. 5,000
W. C. Dickey 5,000
William Barrett Ridgely .. 1,200
President Roosevelt.. 1,000
Frank B. Kellogg 1,000
C. A. Severance
E. N. Saunders
Thomas F. Cole
Edward R. Stettinius. .
Marvin Hughitt. . . .
N. W. Harris.. .. ..
H. K. Conchran.. 1.000
Charles R. Crane 1,000
Samuel Insull .. 1,000
John C. Wharton 1,000
Charles Page Bryan 1,000
W. II. Bartlett 1,000
James A. Patten 1,000
Robert T. Lincon ' .. 1,000
E. p. Frazier 1,000
John G. Shedd 1,000
Joy Morton 1,000
E. A. W. Kieckheifer 1,000
Gave Less Than $1,000.
F. H. Smith..
A. S. Littlcfield
John Milton Oliver..'"'..-..
C. A. Smith
W. K. Bixby
O. B. Gorin
A. W. Goodrich
W. II. Evans
C. B. Borland ..
C. S. Jobes
F. E. Grimes
F. II. Smith..,. .. .. ....
T. D. Jones. . . .
B. E. Sunny. . -
John A. Spoor. . . . t
A. A. McKay
John S. Runnells
W. F. Comslock
J. A. Holmes
E. B. Price
William T. Joyce
And These Gave $500.
J. C. Shaffer
George F. GriTim . . ......
D. A. Cc-mpbell
E. F. Swinncy
D. M. Ilouser r.
Edward B. Butler
ii. w. v?. :
J. 11. Eiou'.'M
M. J. Va
A. If. Mullikm .....
David B. Jones.. . ,
R. W. Scars
Mark S.. Willing. . .
F. J.v Dcwes.. ..
J. C. Amrs.. ..
Warren NickcL. . . .
II airy Ha it
J: F. Downing. . . .
E. E. Morgan.. ..
T. B. Lyon ..
If. P. Knapp--
E. V. Price..'.. ..
Frrrneis Beidler. . . .
Calvin l)nvr.:ul. . . .
E. J. Lehmann. . . .
Al.f-xr:t:arr i:.Dem-cn -j
1 d The:o G:.7e $250.
The ' following gave $250. each:
t ir .
M. Reynolds, C.
L. Willfy, A. (V Bartlett, J. D. Bas
!:,, H. Woodland, . S. Winston.
Herrv G. Hart. W. II. White-ide, J.
B. Taibcll. H. M. YhilxOjy, K. L. W.
Bowers, William Bnttenvorih, W. V.
Kcllev, P. J. Bennett, M. J. Spiegal,
A. B. Conover, M. A. Ryerson, D. II.
Bumham, C. II. Hurlburd, Matz Boy
den Fisher, E. L. Ryerson, Eugene S.
Pike, D. N. Barker, Graham II. Har
ris, J. S. Field, D. M. Cummings, Jo
seph B. Field, F. II. Rawson, O. WT.
Norton, A. M. Barnhart, W.. Stone,
Kenneth Clark, T. A. Schulzo, John
I. II. Field, C. K. Sharood, John R.
Mitchell, Gebhard Bohn, A. II. Un
dke, C. WT. Gordon, E. II. Bailey, F.
B. Wells, F. C. Vann Dusen, W.
Deering, Byron I. Smith and II. H.
Torter, , ........ ...... . . .. .
FOR REVENUE ONLY
Andrew Carnegie Conies Out
For Tariff Revision
SAYS PROTFCTION NOT NEEDED
Iron Master, in a Notable Article in
December Issue of a Magazine,
Will Declare That Duties on Manu
factured Articles Should he Reduc
ed or Altogether Abolished, and
That Only the -Luxuries Used by
the Rich Should Bear a Duty.
New York, Special. A notable ar
ticle from Andrew Carnegie, dealing
with the tariff, will appear in the
forthcoming December number ' of
The Century Magazine, in which the
iron master takes the position that
"infant industries" no longer need
protection; that the steel and other
industries have now grown beyond
the need of tariff . protection ; that
duties on luxuries used by the rich
should be maintained, but that those
on manufactured articles should be
reduced greatly, or abolished entire
ly when no longer needed.
Mr. Carnegie's article is entitled
"My Experience With and Views
Upon the Tariff."
Mr. Carnegie says:
"We have already become by far
the greatest of all manufacturing na
tions. While the tariff as a whole
even today has ceased to be primar
ily beneficial as a measure of protec
tion, it has-become of vast import
ance from the standpoint of revenue,
and it is to this feature I bespeak tha
special attention of readers of all
parties, for duties upon imports, not
for protection, but for needed reve
nue, should not become a party ques
tion. Reasonable men of all parties
may be expected to approve this plan
of obtaining revenue."
He says : ' ' The American tariffs, in
happy "contrast to others, almost ex
empt the poor and heavily tax the
rich, just as it should, for it is they
who have the ability to pay as re
quired by the highest economic au
thority." Mr. Carnegie says of future tariff
"The next Congress dealing with
the tariff will probably be inclined at
first to reduce duties all around and
perhaps to abolish some, but its first
care should be to maintain present
duties, and even in some cases to
increase them, until all articles used
almost exclusively by the rich, and
this not for protection, but for reve
nue, not drawn from the workers but
from the rich. That is the fir6t and
prime duty of Congress.
"Its second duty is to reduce du
ties greatly upon manufactui-ed ar
ticles and to abolish entirely those no
What Democrats Spent.
Chicago, Special. The Democratic
national committee received in all
$G20,G44.77 and spent $610,410.06
during the recent presidential cam
paign, leaving a balance on hand of
$1,234.71. So reads a statement made
public by the oncers of the commit
tee and the itemized statement will
hp filed for. record in the office of the
Secretary of Stale? of Kenluekv in
compliance with the resolution adopt
ed by tho national commiitco at Lin
coln, Neb.. hr4 July. Th. statement
jvjule public by tho cov.ni'ttco in
t hides a certificate of an. lit by My
lon I). Kin;?, auditor oC the national
. Brief? of General News.
Gen. William L. Marshall recom
mends that Co".gres appropriate
1065,000 for next 'year's work cn the
Bait i m ore c 1 aim els.
John 1). Rockef2l!r-bee;aM testify
ing for the defiP.se in the suit of the
government to dissolve the Standard
Staiday Tragedy in JaX-.xa Tom.
r.h-m' no-horn. Ala.. Snccir,!. J.
! "nvhfMH- n vdl-kiiov-i cltirf u
:dt'.f and' rd:v.o?l
J. W. I ":;:: -'.
n rcuntv, Vr.s
ininntly hill d by
Tin -::.-' ;:!.;.- vnr-
ml in Iront .-c dv.y-., "oi
three bullets lok : ' Pc -i wns
hrnneht her and h d:'c 1 i-.i ih? county
jail. " He wi'1 say r.oihing as to the
cause cf thet rogody.
Cleveland Street Car r.rifce C?.Ha2
Cleveland, O., Special. At a meet
ing of the local union of the street
railway motorraen and conductors it
was unanimously voted to call off the
strike against the Municipal Traction
Company, which was begun last May.
The company was forced into the
bands of receivers who row are in
r-linroT! of the railway propeity. The
Mutual Traction Company refused to
grant an increase in wages, which
was demanded by the union and the
strike was ordered.
THE NEWS IN BRIEF
Items of Interest Gathered By
Wire and Cable
GLEANINGS FROM DAY TO DAY
Live Items Covering Events of More
or Less Interest at Homo and
A revolution has broken out in
Haiti, General Simon being the
Prince Chun has taken the reins of
Government at Peking.
The French cruiser Conde ran on
the rocks off the Corsican coast.
Two American naval officers are to
be court-martialed on the charge of
misconduct in Japan.
Germany has assumed a waiting
attitude to see the effects of the
Prince Chun, the new regent of
China, has caused great dissatisfac
tion by ignoring the Chinese in favor
of the Manchus.
Excitement at St. Pierre, Miquelon,
over the clerical school still con
tinues. The case of Count Boni, who seeks
to get his children back, was post
poned. Montenegro is reported to be arm
ing against Austria.
In the South.
Col. Joseph Bryan, owner of the
Richmond Times-Dispatch, died sud
denly in Richmond.
Portsmouth's annexation of large
territory was sustained by Judge
"Sam" nardy, accused of T. B.
Jones' murder at Holland, made an
Stuart Oliver, of Baltimore, bought
the Staunton Dispatch!.
' Perhaps 25 persons were killed by
the explosion of a gas main in
John D. Rockefeller wag Wider
The Federation of Labor, by adopt- J
ing President Gompers' annual re
port, sustained him.
Richard Crocker, former Tammany
chief, arrived in New York.
There is talk about getting the
Chicago grand jury to investigate the
affairs cf A. Booth & Co.
In attacking the Republican pro-1
gram of tariff revision Representa
tive Champ Clark, the Democratic
leader, denounced it as a "grab
The "Corn Starch Trust" wns
scored at the tariff hearing before the
House committees because it sells
starch cheaper abroad than in Ameri
ca. Richard Croker is expected to land
from the Luistania Friday.
Three youths, arrested in connec
tion with the Vineland, N. J., mur
der, accused each other.
Attorney-General Bonaparte made
an addicts before tho National Muni
cipal League, in '.vhi-h ho dv.-clt on
U fc e Is i ii tho ( r. i -.. iaal'la w .
The trustees oC tht (;an!-:.vi.e Fuuu
df.tion met in New lor!'.
David Rothschild, a Now York
exponent of "high iinanre," dial in
Disputes among labor unions were
settled by the American Federation
of Labor convention.
The Florida railroad peonage ca:c
was dismissed by Judge Hough in
Richard Croker sailed for New
Mrs. Howard Gould was awarded
r2j.(;00 a year alimony instead cf the
120,000 she asked.
Inman & Co., of. Augusta, Gn., cot
Ion fsctors, were awarded in Musco-vr-ro
Snpciior Court a verdict in the
sum cf'$!il."C7.71 against the Central
of Geo-f'a 'Railway on a MiU for al-
loc-e-.i dao.age to cot I on hunud in tne
Rf;ev( HV views as to a ( aw;o.;e
President have stiircd the Lutherans.
'Aho Rrpnbl!(?n capahrn fund a
pi'Hishcd since the (1-x-fim amounted
fa $1,500,000 besides half a million
for State and Congrcfshmnl contribu
Civil "War in Persia Sccma Imminent.
London, By Cable All word re
ceived from Teheran indicates that
the Persian situation is again acute,
while fighting in the capital is desul
tory it is intimated in despatches
from the British minister that it is
likelv scon to involve the entire city
and that civil war is imminent.
CONCERNING POULTRY DISEASES
I haven't much faith in poultry doc
toring. Fowls are naturally healthy,
and disease Is almost always the re
sult of neglect or carelessness. Roup
and cholera, the most serious poultry
diseases, come as the direct Tesult
Of filth and unsanitary conditions.
Lice and mites are sometimes the
starting point of disease. Fight them
constantly. Dampness should 'be
avoided, as it may prove a factor in
disease conditions. Crowding In
laying house or brooder is dangerous.
Avoid extremes of temperature and
rapid changes if you would guard
against bronchitis, and pneumonia.
Put not your faith in medicines.
Keep your fowl3 in a clean, com
fortable house, see that they get plen
ty of exercise in pure air and sun
shine, provide good wholesome food,
pure fresh water and grit, and they
won't need much doctoring. Country
Life In America.
Governor of Florida Will Open Cot
Lake City, Fla., Special. The com
mittee on arrangements for the cot
ton convention here November 25th,
received a message from Governor
Broward that he would be on hand to
open the convention. Senators Talia
ferro and Fletcher, together with
many merchants and bankers of
prominence will be present and ev
ery phase of the cotton business will
Democratic Contributors Number
Albany, N. Y.,Special. Represent
ing Chairman Norman E. Mack and
Treasurer Herman Ridder, of the
Democratic national committee, Sam
uel Bell Thomas, a New York attor
ney, arrived in Albany with treasurer
Ridder 's report of Democratic cam
paign contributions which will be
filed at the office of the Secretary of
State. The complete list of contri
butors numbers over 74,000.
Atlanta Negro Murders His Wife.
Atlanta, Ga., Special. Using a
razor with which he severed the
carotid artery and jugular vein, Sam
Jones, a negro, Sunday killed his
wife and. left her dead body in a pool
of blood in a house in the rear of 177
West Mitchell street. Jones made
his escape. He is described as a low,
heavy-set negro, very black
weighs sbout 140 pounds.
Raised 121 Bushels of Corn to Acre.
Gaffney, S. C, Special. The com
mittee appointed by the Merchants
and Planters' Bank to decide who is
entitled to the $50 prize offered by
it for the largest yield of corn from
one acre of land in Cherokee county,
awarded the prize to O. P. Hill, who
raised 121 bushels. The total num
ber of bushels of corn raised by the
seventeen men who competed for this
prize is 1,3S4 13-80, being an avreage
of more than 80 bushels an acre.
Lynched For Assault.
Charleston, S. C, Special. Jim
Gilmore, a young negro about 20
years old, was taken from the guard
house in Luray, a small town in
Hampton county, this State, after
midnight Mid lynched by a party of
enraged citizens. Gilmore had at
trmpiPd to criminally assault one of
th' daughters of his employer, Mr.
A. ('. Fit!", a highly respected far
mer, while h- young lady and her
sister were asleep Saturday night.
New Ycrk Bends.
New York, Special.- Comptroller
Met, hopes to. have something to y
thankful for ns a result :of the sale
of a new isnur cf 12,50.000 in 4
per cent New Yoik city bonds.
Twelve mili:o:is will run for fifty
vens fnd tho balance for ten years.
It is lnhevrd that the snb will be
s-.c ec?fnl and tho money realized
will r,r." far tewruds relieving the pres
nt Vrnmpt-d t-oiuliticn of the city's
Ulillocl by Carc-iJ.
m r the
ncnti r '
. N. C, Sprcal. A mrs
: ,'dnV:.'. from F.-.irU' :U n
vhib putting in the forms
'. I)-.-:' . rd
r I a:;1, a car-
hi vcars eld. was rr.ngi.t in a
e an I nr-tcuii . k.i! e
Resident rcmrred :;t 11 o'clo-k w4un
a Jvg force rf hands was bracing (th"
timblis to hold lie earth bach. The
cavc-in occurred when there v;as r.o
possible v.-ay to avoid it.
Dio in Esplocion.
New York, Special. Twenty-five
persons are believed to have lost their
lives in an explosion of gas which
tore a great section of Geld street,
Brooklyn. It is definitely known
that fifteen persons were buried un
der the hundreds cf tons of earth and
timber that were thrown into the
air by the explosion, and ten more
persons aro reported as missing. The
exact number of dead cannot be determined.
Rockefeller Tries to Un!c;
Responsibility For Big Trtn:
PUTS THE BLAME UP TO OTBEll
President of the Standard 03 TmsJ
Continues to Unravel That Certof
ration's History Credit For ' Bj
Existence Should Go to H. II. Had
ler and S. C. T. Dodd Says ti '
Company Has Not Beea a Tru:
Since 1892, When it Was Dissolve;
by Order of Court, Since Wkid'
Time the Subsidiary Companies
Have Been. Entirely Independent.
: " ", i
New York, Special. Credit for ttei
creation of the Stanard Oil trust,!
which counsel for the Federal govern
ment claim still exists as the Stand
ard Oil Company of New Jersey, was
given oy Jonn JJ. Kocfceteller as at
witness Tuesday under cross-examination
in the Federal ' suit to dis
solve the Standard, to two men
Henry M. Flagler and Samuel C. TL
Dodd. To these two master archi
tects of the oil combine, Mr. Rocke
feller gave foil credit, saying that. he
did not possess the ability for so pro
gressive a move.
Mr. - Rockefeller spent an arduous
doy an the stand under the incessant
questioning of Frank B. Kellogg, tha
government counsel, and when ad
journment was taken until Tuesday ha
gave every evidence of delight that
the day was done. Counsel hope to
conclude Mr. Rockefeller's cross
examination Tuesday, when it is ex
pected to place John D. Archbold,
vice president of the Standard on. the
Frank B. Kelloggj who with other
government investigators, has beer
endeavoring for over a year to obtain
the missing stock transfer books off
the Standard Oil trust, sought thro
Mr. Rockefeller to find the missing;
trail to these books and Mr. Rocke
feller promised . to do what he could
to find them. Mr. Rockefeller's ex
amination carried him through the
period of the Standard Oil trust and
the years of its subsequent liquida
tion, which lasted from 1892 to 1899.
Mr. Rockefeller's memory at times
was not clear on the definite details,
of this trust liquidation period and ha
told counsel that he could not recall
many of the incidents and develop
ments of that time. During the day
Mr. Kellogg developed from Mr
Rockefeller that early in the indus
trial existence of the Standard th
presidents of two railroad companies,
together with several railroad direc
tors, were stockholders in the oil com
bination. After adjournment Mr. Rockefeller
told an inquiring audience of report
ers that there were better things ii
the world than making money, and
since 1S91 he had been gradually re
tiring from business. He added:
"There is more important vork
than making money, and there is
much for me to do. I bfelong to th
Brotherhood of Man."
At the opening of the hearing Mr
Rockefeller said that he thought the.rs
was an increase in the stock of tLa.
Standard Oil Company of Ohio from.
$2,500,000 to $3,W0s00O in 3S75.
"How manv railroad mm did
take into the" Standard 'after 1S7Q1"
asked Mr. Kcllog.
"I could not. say," 'vas Mr. PocLs
"Was W. H. Vandertilt a stock
"I can't P3v definitely. He nvcht
have been a stockholder for a tri.3lr.g
"Did you rot sgn a pap-r m.
March 10:h, lS7r. requesting r.n in
crease of capital n! of k s followsi
'W. H. Vandeibilt by J. IX Rocke
feller, bis -attorney?' "
"That may be; the paper wov.Iu fc
the best evidence. "
Mr. Kellogg brought out the faef
the Lake Shove & Michigan Scutum
Raiht ud; Rtiilman Witt, n director r-E
the Lal.r Shore and B'rr v. r rxrK
and J. P. Hendy. al- o a dim lor tf
the Big Four, were f:kn i tht
Standard Oil Ctmpairy in the s,l
"Who got Uj) this St..r i-.i 1 O.t
i , , . .4. r.
"I siior.ld s-y that If. 11. F"n7g-r
nad S. C. T. DoM aho-hl fcnv tfc
credit. I am ure it v. ns r.t I. . I
am nor so icarr-ea in igai r.izi;.
as that. I do not claim anv credit,
for Mr. Finder and Mr. Dodd idi-mln
have full credit."
Mr. Rockefeller said that the vari
ous, companies in the Standard Oil;
trust agreement which was reade- iu
1872 were managed as separate awl
independent corpoi-atkms. Mr. Rocke
fellar said that the total value of t'As.
thirty-nine corporations included i
the trust was apporximatcly $170,000,
000, and that each of the stockholders
named in the trust agreement iwmv
d certificates for thn amount of stock,
of subsidiary companis which be om--ed.
OIL KING ON ST