ft Year, la Adranca.
" FOR GOD, FOR COUNTRY AND FOR TRUTH. "
PLYMOUTH, N, C.. FRIDAY, JANUARY 14, 1910.
-OiiiL 'iiL.0 ii'.
News From the National Capitol Briefly Noted
in Passing for the Reader.
FARMER DOESN'T GET HIGHEST PIE FOR HIS" BEEF
Washington, Special. "Wo have
already discovered that the farmer is
not getting exorbitant profits out of
thu beef lie raises," said Secretary
Wilson, of the department of agricul
ture, in discussing the price of food
"1 have up doubt in the world,"
lie continued, "that the same con
ditions -will be found to prevail in
most of the other lines of farm pro
"The department of gariculture
has agents in every state and every
county in the country and they have
been ordered to "report exhaustively
on the cost of pi-oduetion and the re
turns on sales of all sorts of food
"We intend to bring out the truth,
iirespeetive of whom it. hurts or
whom it benefits. I am convinced
that the public is compelled to pay
a great deal more for nearly every
thing it eats than it should, .and I
believe (he figures will bear me out.
"There is ample excuse for some
of the increase in the cost of living
over what it -was years ago. The
farm area is not keeping pace with
the demands for food-stuff. The cit
ies seem to have more attractions
for the laboring men than do the
rural communities. The horde of
immigration, as well as the ever-increasing
native population, must be
fed and the farm is expected to fur
nish the food."
Mills Bought Cotton.
Washington. Special. American
cotton slocks at the end of Novem
ber aggregated 1.505,968 bales, com
pared with 1,795,600 and 1,214,791
bales reported on the same dates in
1908 and 1907, says the report of the
bureau of statistics for November.
Sight receipts of cotton during No
vember totalled 1,141,139 bales with
2,595,097 bales during November,
1908, and 1,930,193 during Novem
ber, 1907. The port receipts, 1,
323,224 bales, show a similar decline
from 190S and 1907, figures of 1,
888,922 and 1,529.526 bales. The
takings of American spinners for
the three months of the present sea
son, says the report, were 1,517,194
bales, only .171,000 less than for the
corresponding period of the preced
ing year. The decline in total tak
ings is attributed exclusively to the
curtailed demand of the Northern
mills, the, season's takings of: the
Southern mills 696.973 bales, exceed
ing the corresponding figures for the
Ruling on the New Tax Rate.
Washington, Special. "Where a
corporation, through its books or
otherwise, can ascertain its income
sufficiently . for the officers to make
oath to the return as true, thi will
be regarded as equivalent to an in
ventory and a physical inventory
need not be taken.
"It is realized however, that in
the cases of many corporations toe
income for the calendar year cannot
he ascetrained without taking a phy
sical inventory at the end of the
calendar year, and the law being ex
plicit both as to the period and the
income, where such income cannot be
ascertained without a physical in
ventory, this will have to be taken."
Deep Enough Tor Biggest Ship.
Washington, Special. That the
dry dock at the Charelston Navy
Yard is deep enough and broad
enough to take in any ships that
may be built has just been develop
ed here in the hearings of the naval
officers committee at the House.
Tinds All Guiltless.
Washington, Special. Approyal
has been given by officials of the
navy department to the report of
the court of inquiry into the collis
ion of the battleships Georgia and
Nebraska off the Virginia capes dur
ing the recent tactical drill, which
recommended that no disciplinary
measures be taken as a result of the
Dock Facilities Needed.
Washington, Special. The neces
sity of providing more suitable
docking facilities for the battleship
fleet is dwelt on in the annual report
of Chief Constructor Capps, head of
the bureau of construction and re
pair. The lengthening of dock No. 1
at the Charleston, S. C, navy yard,
and of dock No. 3 at the Norfolk,
Va., navy yard is urged. The early
completion of the dry docks at New
York, Puget Sound and Pearl Har
bor is recommended. In addition,
the chief constructor suggests that
an additional dry dock he built at
Washington, Special. Half the
meat eaten in the United States can
be called uninspected and that a real
and serious danger to the public ex
ists as a result, is one of the con
clusions reached by Dr. A. D. Melviu,
chief of the United States bureau
of animal industry, in his annual re
port to the secretary of agriculture.
Inefficiency of the government in
spection because of its lack of auth
ority to reach business done entirely
within a state, is given as one of the
causes, and Dr. Melvin points out
the great need of supplementing the
government inspection of meats with
state and municipal inspections.
"One result of the federal inspec
tion is to cause the diversion of dis
eased and suspicious looking animals
to the uninspected establishments
where they are slaughtered for the
local market," says the report.
"Many cities have an inspection
service but very few have an ade
quate force, and the inspection of
ten consists of merely examining the
i meat as offered for sale in the mar
kets, when it is usually impossible
to detect disease the evidence of
which may have been removed with
the yi.-scera-or organs," says Dr. Mel
vin. "As a rule, sanitary conditions
are verv bad at uninspected slaughter
j houses and in order to provide real
protection against, diseased or' un
wholesome meat a competent veteri
nary and sanitary inspection at the
time of slaughter is essential."
Road Presidents See Taft.
Washington, Special. President
Taft held a conference with six rail
road presidents, who came to see
him last Monday. Nono of the rail
road officials would discuss their mis
sion other than to say that they en
tered a genearl protest against all
the proposed amendments to inter
state commerce laws. Those attend
ing were President Mellen, of the
New York, .New Haven and Hart
ford railroad; President McCrea, ef
the Pennsylvania railroad; Presi
dent Lovett, of the Union Pacific
railroad, and allied Harriman lines;
President Fin ley, of the Southern
railway, and President Brown, of
the New York Central. No state
ment is as yet mada of the results.
Reprimanded For Adjustment Delay.
Washington, Special. In a decis
ion by the interstate commerce com
mission involving a claim of 20 cents
in an overcharge on freight, made
against the Asheboro Railway com
pany, and other lines, railroads are
generally severely reprimanded for
their delay in adjusting claims
where there has been a palpable
overcharge. The case was that of a
Wilkesfearre, Pa., firm, who alleged
an overcharge of 20 cents on a ship
ment of iron wagon axles to Carth
age, N. C.
To Train Naval Militia.
Washington, Special. With a view
of procuring a higher degree of pro
ficiency among the naval militia
of the various States. Acting Secre
tary Winthrop of the navy has di
rected that a four-hole gun, equip
ped with Morris tubes, be sent to
each of the naval militia armories
throughout the country for training
purposes. Armories in 23 States are
affected by this step.
No Bond Issue Until March
Washington, Special. Unless some
extraordinary situation supervenes,
there will be no new issue of interest-bearing
obligations by the Treas
ury before March.
Death Rate Great Last Year.
Washington, Special. The average
death rate from street car accidents
in the District of Columbia during
the past fiscal year was the greatest
in its history, according to the annual
report of Health Officer Woodruff.
The death rate was 5.9, while during
the previous year it was 5.9, and dur
ing the five-vear period, 1901-1905 it
Didn't Buy Steamer Roosevelt.
Washington, Special. An offer to
purchase the steamer Roosevelt, in
which Commander Peary made his
last trip to the Arctic regions pre
paratory to hia dash to tho North
Pole, has been declined by the Treas
Shivley Gets Best Seat.
Washington, Special. Senator
Shively, of Indiana, hereafter will
have the most desirable seat on the
Democratic side of the senate. It is
in the front row and on the center
aisle. The seat was occupied by the
late Senator IdcLanrin.
POSTAL REVENUES GROW
First Assistant Postmaster Geniral
Deals in Fact3 and Figures.
Washington, Special. As a busi
ness institution the Postoffice De
partment, next to the United States
Treasury, is the greatest in the
government. According to figures
submitted by Charles P. Gradfield,
First . Assistant Postmaster General,
for the fiscal yea rended June 30,
1909, made public in his annual re
port, the gross revenue of the pos
tal service reached the enormous
total of $203,502,383, an increase of
$12,083,720, or G.31 per cent, over
the. preceding year. , Theer were
7,202 presidential postoflices on July
1, 1909. . Of this number 398 were
first class, an increase of 14; 1,707
weer second class, an increase of 112;
and 5,097 weer third class,- an in
crease of 230.. The total increase in
the number of presidential offices
was 35G. There were 1,444 post
offices established during the year
and 2,004 were discontinued, leaving
a total of (50,144 postofliees in oper
ation on June 30, 1909. During the
year 1,026 postmasters weer appoint
ed at presidential offices. At fourth
class offices 9,161. postmasters weer
The report recommends an amend
metn to the law whereby fourth
class offices may be advanced when
the receipts of the office qualfy it;
wages of the clerical and carrier
force should be increased in first
and second '.'lass offices. Nearly half
the offices of presidential class are
housed in leased quarters.
Petitions For Morse Pardon.
Portland, Me., Special. Peti-
lions addressed to Prseident
Taft asking -or the absolute
pardon of Charles W. Morse are
in circulation here. The peti-
tioiis set forth that he did no
intentional Avrong, that he has
repaid his debts; that his jury
was largely influenced by popu-
lar clamor and that, even though
guilty, Morse has paid the pen-
alty by his imprisonment while
awaiting the outcome of the
DENIES CHARGE OF MADRIZ.
Zelaya Defends Self in Case of
Groce and Cannon.
Mexico , City, Special. As justifi
cation of his refusal to pardon Can
on and Groce and in support of a
denial whichhe made last Saturday
of irregularity, Jose Santos Zelaya
2xhibited for the first time telegrams
which he claimed to have received
from the American victims of Nica
ragua's martial law.
Zlaya uttered his denial in reply
Lo charges made by President Mad
rid of Nicaragua, that the executions
of Groce and Cannon were illegal
and that the United States govern
ment was justified in its resentment
Over this action.
Agree on Arbitration.
Chicago, Special. Members of the
switchment's union representing the
western railroads have agreed with
the general managers' association to
submit their requests for advanced
wages and change in hours to arbi
tration under the Erdman law. The
switchmen asked for arbitration.
Five Burn to Death in House.
Burnside, Ky., Special. Mrs.
Martha Corder, her daughter, Mrs.
James Kidd, and three small chil
dren were burned to death in a fire
which destroyed Kidd's house at
Plavens, Wayne county.
Two Yeggmen Are Killed.
Tallahassee, Fla., Special. In a
struggle with two safe blowers, Paul
Sauls, 17 years old, son of J. M.
Sauls, the night watchman at the
postoffice building, shot and killed
them both in the basement of the
building. The boy was only slightly
wounded. The two cracksmen were
Students Have Hookworm.
New Orleans, Special. Consterna
tion prevails among the 100 or more
students of Tulane College following
the examination of every student
for hookworm. It is announced that
more than a third of the juior class
were found to be infected with the
parasite. Practically all the stu
dents said to be thus afflicted are ap
parently robust specimens of man
hood. Plot on Zelaya '8 Life.
Mexico City, Special. Jose Santos
Zelaya has been warned by officials
here that the police authorities are
in receipt of secret information that
two Salvadoreans and an American
are in Mexico City and are only
awaiting a favorable opportunity to
take his life.
Heavy Cost of Canal.
New York, Special. "I believe it
will cost $500,000,000 to complete the
Panama Canal and that will amount
to $5.00 a head for every man, wo
man and child in the United States,"
said Mr. Langley, of Kentucky, re
turning from the Isthmus.
NEWS - BREVITIES
Condensed from Wide Fields,
Domestic and Foreign.
AS THEY ARE HAPPENING DAILY
Suited to the Wants of Busy Readers
Seeking a Knowledge of What is
Through inoculation of guinea
pigs, which in turn infected other
pigs, the pellagra germ that scien
tists are trying to combat, has been
islated by two local physicians, it
is claimed, at Durham, N. C.
A fire in the business section of
Lebanon, Tenn., destroyed property
valued at $50,000. Several of the
best business houses in the town
One of the oldest women in the
country, and acknowledged to be the
oldest person in the State of West
Virginia, is Mrs. Elizabeth Kerns,
of Capon Bridge, Hampshire county,
who recently celebrated her one hun
dred and sixth birthday by prepar
ing for her funeral.
Pate Smith, aged 20, shot, and kill
ed his sweetheart, Miss Alice Rhodes,
aged 19, and turned the weapon him
self, blowing out his brains, at the
girl's home three miles below Calera,
Fire at Galveston, Texas, destroy
ed the north compartment of one of
the concrete wharves on Pier No. 12,
causing damage estimated at $100,000.
The principal loss is on cotton await
ing shipment to Liverpool. About
2,800 bales of cotton was damaged
to probably one-third of its value.
Mayor Gaynor, of New York, ap
pointed Robert Adamson, a newspa
per man, to tlr? place of mayor's sec
retary with a salary of $6,000 a year.
Adamson is of Georgia.
Rev. Father Francis A. Schmidtz,
for many years prominent in Cath
olicism on work in North and South
Carolina, but for seven years chap
lain at St. Vincent's hospital, Nor
folk, Va., died at that institution
following a lingering illness. Father
Schrmdtz was a native oi Germany
and was 62 years of age.
. Allen Broom, proprietor of a near-
j beer saloon and small restaurant ou
jwbitaker street. Savannah. Ga., has
J received a threatening letter which
he has turned over to the United
States postal authorities for investi
gation with the hope of finding the
identity of the writer.
Thomas Waggoner, of Fort Worth.
Texas, has just given each of his
three children property valued at
$2,000,000 as Christmas gifts.
The head of a white man, evidently
freshly cut. from the body, was
found in a trash bucket in the Pru
dential building, one of the large of
fice structures of Atlanta, Ga.
During the year 1909 Atlanta,
Ga.'s street car system, operated by
the Georgia Railway and ' Electric
company, hauled 50,598,769 passen
gers, including transfers.
From 10 to 15 persons are thought
to have perished in the cold in
Western Pennsylvania. 1
Philadelphia "is to get the $6,000,
000 for an art museum left by Dr.
Thomas W. Evans.
At Fresno, Cal., for the first time
in 16 years snow fell.
The appellate division of the New
York Supreme Court decided that
colored Elks must not use the ritual
of the white Elks.
Belated Christmas gifts were de
stroyed in a $500,000 fire in the
Adams Express Company warehouses
in New York.
A justice of the New York Su- j
preme Court, in an opinion, declared
that no public improvement was now
carried out without graft.
At Bladen, Neb., after eating 16
bananas, John Clausen, 19 years of
age, became ill, and died at his home
here. It is said that the fruit had
Mrs. Russell Sage has offered to
buy a park for $650,000 and give it
to Yale for a campus.
The woman suffragists of Okla
homa are waging an unceasing cam
paign to secure a constitutional
amendment giving them the right to
The plant of tho Kennosaw Marble
Company, located at Marietta, Ga.,
has been destroyed by fire. The loss
is estimated at $150,00, partly cov
ered by insurance.
An estate of the estimated value
of $3,000,000 is disposed of by the
terms of the will of Stoughton J.
Fletcher, the Indianapolis banker
who died at Gallatin, Tenn., Decem
The Philadelphia (Pa.) Rapid
Transit company have decided to
give $500 free insurance to each of
its employes and to give a pension
of $20 a 'month to each employe 65
years old and 25 years in its service.
A cable from Prilippopolis, Bul
garia, says Eastern Rumelia has
been swept by the most disastrous
flood in fifty years, and the whole
nlain resembles a vast lake. Many
' persons arc reported drowned. -
At Johnson City, Tenu.. fire destroy
ed the Arm brush-Smith building en
tailing a loss of probably $50,000,
partially covered by insurance. The
Elks' home and many offices Avere
located in the building.
Chicago's municipal expenditure
for 1910 will be the largest in the
history of the city. For schools,
libraries, water bureau and corporate
purposes it will be in the neighbor
hood $55,000,000. which is $3,000,
000 in excess of (he largest appro
priation heretofore made.
Atlanta's second year of prohibi
tion which closed at midnight Fri
day, Dee. 31, shows on the dockets
at police headquarters 3,(520 cases
for drunkenness against 2.650 foi
last year, an increase of 980 cases.
After cutting the throat of John
M. Jennings, a bookkeeper, in a room
in which they had been living foi
some time past, Lizzie C. Crenshaw,
aged 28 years, hanged herself in a
cell at. the police station at Nash
Agnes Booth, the farnious actor oi
two decades, is dead.
Lad Coughs and Cure Himself of Ap
pendicitis in Nick of Time.
Pittsburg. Special. Surgeons at
Kittanning, Pa., had placed Norman
Barnett, the little son of George
Barnett, on the operating table to
ent out his appendix, but just as the
knife was ready the lad was seized
with a fit of coughing which cured
him. lie emitted a needle, which is
believed to have caused his illness.
Texan Murders His Family.
Ballinger. Tex.. Special. F. B.
Kimbler, a prominent farmer living
in the northerif portion of this
county, killed his wife, his 6-year-
old soil and 3-ycar-old daughter,
seriously wounded his niece, aged 20,
and ended his own life by cutting his
throat from ear to ear with a pocket
knife. Ill health probably the
Four men attacked a bank in
Brooklyn and fatally wounded a clerk
To Examine Cook's Records.
Washington, I). C, Special Cook's
polar data is to be examined by the
National Geographical Society. The
documents left Copenhagen, Dec.
21st. The society is to report the
findings this month.
Cotton School in Georgia.
Athens, Ga., Special. The cotton
school at the State College of Agri
culture began Tnesd 1V iti third an
nual session, lasting ten days.
Tried to Save Groce and Cannon.
Managua. Nicaragua, By 'Cable.
Gen. Medina, of the government
forces, says he and Con. Toledo did
all in their power to prevent the ex
ecution of Groce and Cannon, the
Americans, decreed bv President
King of the Gypsies j.ead.
Boston. Special. Richaiv. Stanley,
king of flio powerful Stanley tribe
of roaming Gyps;os, whos-j fume has
been world-"'ide for 70 years, is dead
Favors Plan to Raise "The' Maine."
Washington, 1). C, Special. Pres
ident Taft is in favor of the plan to
raise battleship "Maine," from Ha
vana harbor and suitable inter the
remains of the sailors who went down
with the ship.
Big Poultry Show in Texas.
Dallas, Texas, Special. Poultry
breeders and fanciers from all parts
of the Southwest met here to attend
the annual show of the Southwestern
Poultry Association. The prizes were
more than $2,500.
Cashier Admits Hold Up Covered
Niagara Falls, Ont., Special.
Cashier William Dobson has con
fessed to Chief Mains, of the On
tario police, that he and two others
planned and executed the robbery
here last November when $14,000,
consigned to Toronto banks was stol
en after an alieged sensational hold
up in which Caslper Dobson 's hand
was cut open with a piece of lead
Jim Farnum Pleads Guilty.
Columbia, S. C, Special. James S.
Famum, agent in this State for a
number of brewery and liquor firms
who did business with the State dis
pensary, has plead guilty to a charge
of "conspiracy to defraud the State
and paid a fine of $5,000.
Congressman Griggs Dead.
Dawson Ga., Special. Representa
tive James M. Griggs of the second
Georgia district died suddenly at his
home here Wednesday, lie was in
bed at, the time, apparently convalesc
ing from a supposed slisrht attack of
heart trouble. Aged 49.
One beauty of having crowds In
New York City, chirrs the World, i3
that we are. not left exactly lonesome
when they s.Tef gone.
SOUTHERN SPINNERS ARE
TO BETTER CONDITIONS.
CONCERTED PLUM LAUNCHED
Will Sell at Lowest Price and Cur
tail When Market Slumps Big At
tendance. Charlotte, N. C, Special. A very
important meeting to the textile in
dustry met in this - city Tuesday.
Several hundred manufacturers of
soft and hard yam were present, as
well as numerous commission men of
Northern cities. The meeting was
called with an idea to reaching
some plan of concerted action on
the part of mill men to boosting
prces on cotton goods on a parity
with prices of the raw material. They
claim that it is impossible to buy 16
cent cotton and sell goods at pres
ent prices and make a profit, and
accordingly this meeting adopted the
following plan to bring about an
improvement in the cotton ' goods
"Resolved, That we recommend
the adoption of the following sched
ule of prices, and unless these prices
can be obtained, then we urge im
mediate curtailment. The minimum.
schedule is as follows:
82 & 3
102 & 3
122 & 3
142 & 3
162 & 3
202 & 3
242 & 3
262 & 3
302 & 3
362 & 3
402 & a
502 & 3
502 & 3
29 ' "
602 & 3
This resolution, after full and free
discussion and enthusiastic endorse
ment, from those -who ureed a cam
paign of education among the spin
ners of the South to count the cost
before they fix their prices and then
stand firm' until the minimum (which
is cost) is reached, was adopted
W. B. Anderson, of Macon, Ga.f
illustrated by a blackboard exainpU
the exact cost of production as fol
Raw material 16 cents a pound.
Estimated waste 15 per cent.
Calueulation based on 20s yarn.
Net cost of cotton, eleminating
waste, 1.80 cests pound.
Hire (pay roll help) 1.75
Taxes, insurance, power, sal
aries of officers, interest,
depreciation ." 1.25
Total manufactured cost at
Discount for cash 3 per cent. . .75
Commission for selling 5 per
Aggregate cost delivered . . 24.80
The meeting was presided over by
Mr. D. A. Tompkins, as chairman,
and T. W. Crews, as secretary.
Many prominent mill men address
ed the meeting along the abova
Congress Meets After Holiday Re
cess Increased Cost of Living.
Washington. D. C Special. Con
gress, after taking holiday recess, re
convened Tuesday, but after brief
sessions of both- houses adjourned
until Wednesday to the memory of
the late Senator MeLaurin, of Mis
sissippi. Representative Mann intro
duced a bill making sweeping changes
in the interstate commerce law; Rep
resentative Humphrey also introduc
ed a ship subsidy bill, which has the
approval of the President.
The increased cost of living was
the subject of a concurrent resolution
offered in the House by Representa
tive Hull of (Tenn.) It provides for
a joint committee of seven members of
the House -and five members of the
Senate to investigate conditions and
report upon them and as to what
remedies may be affected through leg
islation. French Aeronaut Killed.
Bordeaux B Cable. Leon Dela
grange, n"ted French aeronaut, waa
killed while making a fight.