a Year, la Adranca.
FOR GOD, FOR COUNTRY AND FOR TRUTH. M
SlBgfa Cp7 g Ccata.
PLYMOUTH, N. C FRIDAY, JANUARY 21, 1910.
News From the National Capitol Briefly Noted
in Passing for the Reader.
1E8II FIGURES AS TO
Transportation of the mails by
railway, steamship lines and various
tar routes cost the government,
during the fiscal year, ended June
SO, 1909, $83,493,762.
These are the figures given in the
.annual report of Joseph Stewart,
Second Assistant Postmaster Gener
al, wJ:h was made public last Mon
day. The number of railroad routes
employed by the department was
3,316, aggregating 217,115 miles.
'The total expense of the railway
service for the year was $43,054.48.
For the fiscal year CC 1911 it is esti
mated that the expenditures for
railroad transportation will be $40,
20,000. The result of the readjustment of
pay for railroad transportation, ef
fective July 1, 1909, for the ensuing
four years, based upon the weighing
of the mails, shows a decrease of
$494,360.31, or 5.08 per cent; and
for railway postoffice car pay a de
crease of $3,195.97, or 0.29 per cent.
It has developed that electric
street railway companies in some
cities demand extortionate rates for
carrying the mails. Concerning this
situation, Mr. Stewart says:
"In view of the demands made by
-electric car companies for higher
rates for service in the large cities
it is found desirable, in some cases,
to substitute motor-wagon service for
the electric car service.
It is shown by the report that "on
June 30, 1909. there were 168 full
railway postoffice lines, manned by
1,651 eci'ws of 8,063 clerks (includ
ing 75 acting clerks; of these there
Boll Weevil Causes Short Crop.
The cotton crop , of the year 1909
will be the smallest since 1899 ac
cording to the statement of W. D.
Hunter, of Dallas, Texas, expert of
the department of agriculture.
"It is due," he said, adcS-asing
the House committee on agriclture,
""to the weevil in Louisiana, portions
of Arkansas . and Mississippi 1 and
the extreme dry weather in Texas,
where sensational conditions inter
fered with propagation of the para
. The boll weevil, he decarled, un
doubtedly .would cause remarkable
redistribution of production of cot
ton, first in large areas. What were
large centers of production former
ly were going to fell down and there
would be the redistribution of small
plantations. He declared the soil
and other conditions in certain parts
of almost every plantation in the
South will permit the planter f to
continue to raise cotton profitably
despite the boll weevil.
Improvements For Augusta, Ga.
A quarter million dollar improve
ment for the Savannah River, at
Augusta, the cost to be evenly di
vided between LhV Federal Govern
ment and the Georgia city, has been
recommended to Congress by the war
department. Where Augusta rests
on the Savannah's banks, the river's
slope changes from a steep to a
gradual incline, which subjects that
section to sudden, severe and de
structive freshets, with constant ero
sion estimated to have carried away
half a million cubic feet of material
from the river bank along the city
front since last August.
Hew Eank For Jacksonville.
The Fourth National Dank or
Jacksonville, Fla., capital $400,000,
has been authorized to begin busi
ness by the comptroller of the cur
rency. Largest Financial Transaction.
What is said to be the largest
financial transaction in the world's
history occurred here. It consisted
in giving of receipts for $1,260,124,
946 by Lee McClung, treasurer of
tiie United States to Charles II.
Treat, who retired from that office
October 31st. The receipt is ac
knowledgement of money and securi
ties in the office November 1st.
Wants Savannah Harbcr Improved.
Representative Edwards, -of Geor
gia, has introduced a bill r.ppropriat
ing $1,545,000 to be paid ia four an
nua! installments for the improve
ment of the harbor of Savannah,
Ga., along the lines of previous sur
vey and report.
The Standard Oil Trial.
The Stndard Oil Co.'s case involv
ing an effort on the part of the gov
ernment to have the company dis
solved as a trust, under the Sherman
anti-trust law, will be heard March
COST MOVING THE MAILS
were 139 full railway postoffice lines
having apartment car service manned
by 905 crews of 1,307 clerks. There
weer also 1,374 apartment railway
postoffice lines manned by 3,994
crews of 5,163 clerks (including .69
acting clerks) ; 21 electric car lineg
with 19 craws of 21 clerks; 55 steam
boat lines with 92 crews of 92 clerks
(including 24 acting clerks) ; making
a total of 1,757 lines of all kinds,
manned by 14,646 clerks. In addition
there were 48 officials, 129 chief
clerks, 755 .transfer clerks employed
in handling the mails at important
Junction points, and 466 clerks de
tailed to clerical duty in the various
; offices of the service. The total num
ber of. officers and employes wa3
therefore 10.044, an increase during
the year of 749.
"There were 35 railroad accidents
during the year in which .' postal
clerks were either killed or injured
or in which mail matter was lost or
damaged. Thirteen clerks, 1 substi
tute, and 1 mail weigher were killed,
93 seriously injured and 403 slightly
injured. The number of fatal acci
dents is larger and the number of
others is smaller this year than
Recommendations are made that
railway postal employes be given,
thirty days' annual leave and sixty
days sick leave; that railway postal
clerks be retired by the government
when physically incapacitated; and
that a railway postal clerk injured
in the line of duty be granted leave,
not exceeding twelve additional
months with pay at 50 per cent of
his regular salary.
To War Against Trusts.
A million members by March 1 to
wage battle against the unrelentless
trusts controlling the necessaries of
life, is the hope of leaders of the
movement -'for the organization of a
inational anti-trust league. For final
action regarding the organization of
the league invitations have been
sent to every Senator and Represen
tative in Washington besides all
prominent citizens to attend a meet
ing here. President Taft will be in
vited to be present and lend his
moral support to the undertaking.
It is the plan of the leaders to ob
tain the cooperation of Congress
men in building up a national organ
ization. The Senators from each
State will be asked to suggest a man
and woman as the directors of the
league from his State and. every rep
resentative "will be invited to name
trustworthy men and women from
his district to act as district repre
sentatives of the movement. For
financial support the league will rely
upon a membership fee of 25 cents,
10 of which will go to the national
organization and 15 to the State
branch of tlic league. A working
capital of $250,000 "for the expenses
of the light against; the trusts, it is
expected, will be raised by March.
To War on Red Spider.
For several years an. insect known
as the red spider has been doing con
siderable damage to cotton in South
Carolina: especially in the sections
abound Batesburg and Leesville. The
insect is' very destructive and where
it has taken firm hold the crop is
usually almost a total failure. Farm
ers around Batesburg have had this
matter under consideration with
Represent alive Lever during the past
year, with hc restilt'lhat through
his efforts i department of agri
culture has ,romc interested in the !
situation and has formulated defi
nite plans for beginning work at
Batesburg on Fberuary 1.
Whiskey Beard ITamsJ
V The three cabinet ollicert; to whom I
President Taft, by bis decision m
the case of the way in which whiskey
.shall be labelled, have appointed as
I be special board Solicite '-IcGabe,
of the Agricultural Depart.. nt; So
licitor Earle, of the Department of
Commerce and Labor, and Internal
Commissioner Cabell, representing
the Treasury Department.
$315,CC3 Fcr Cape Fear.
Senator Overman and Representa
tive Goodwin have introduced in
.Congress a bill, providing for $615.-
rOOO for improvement of the upper
Cape r car river. It is urged that
two locks and dams of sufficient size
to afford a channel eight feet deep
Legare Sworn In.
Though he was re-elected to the
S'xt -first Congress in November,
1908. ' Representative Legare of
South Carolina presented himself be
fore the Speaker's desk last week
to be sworn in, more than one j'ear I
late. Ill health wa3 the cause of I
COOPER CASE HAS
Nashville, Tenn, Special. The
hearing before the supreme court ef
the case of the State against Col.
Duncan Cooper and his son, Rob;n
Cooper, convicted and sentenced to
20 years each in the penitentiary by
the lower court .for the murder of
Senator Edward W. Carmaek in this
city on November 9, 1908, has been
postponed until February 1.
LIBERALS ARE VICTORIOUS.
Will Retain Control of the Govern
ment With Small Majority.
London, By Cable. Saturday the
fight for tariff reform, a great navy
and the supremacy of the Lords as
against free trade, reform of the
House of Lords and home rule end
ed with neither party in commanding
position. Members of the Liberal
party who were re-elected have major
ties ranging from 30 to 60 per cent
below their majorities in 1906, ex
cept in a few boroughs where special
conditions figured in the campaign.
Liberals retain control of the govern
ment. The Unionists gained a nura
iResults confirm the forecast that the
ber of seats, but not as many as they
had expected. Waldorf Astor, who
contested a Unionist seat, was de
feated. The streets in London weer impas
sable, owing to the throngs waiting
for the returns. Automobiles yere
used to carry voters to and from the
The result: Unionists, 92; Liber
als, 77; Laborites, 16; Nationalists,
1.3; ne.t gain for the Unionists, 29.
Unionists failed to make gains that
were expected, Avhieh keep Liberals
ASKS FOR AID.
Great Damage Feared From Ice
Gorge Worst in History.
Louisville, Ky., Special. The ice
gorge at Wolf Creek on the Ohio re
mains almost as solid as granite and
the jammed ice extended from
the extreme western edge of Louis
ville to Brandenburge, a distance of
about seven miles.'
Residents of the low-iying suburbs
of Louisville have began moving. So
serious has the situation become that
the head of the government engineer
ing department at Cincinnati has
been asked to take the matter up with
the War Department at Washington,
to move ice -gorge by dynamite.
Despite the fact that a steady rain
fell at Ilaesville Sunday and ac
companied by. warm weather the big
gorge at Brandenburg continues to
hold. The ice !s said to bo pressed
down against the bottom .of- tli I'lVcj'
and is idled fortv 'tteHthfiMiMu '"Some..
The -big cmmm" mm
at Tell City, IjN
men out and . tlfe
all along their?!
and property worth $
stroyeu Monday when aK.
gorge in White river bnv
river rose eight feet, closelySp
proaehing the record high water' mark
of twenty-two feet reached in 1875.
Walsh Petition Dented.
Washington, Special The petition
for a writ of certiorari in the case of
John R. Walsh, former president of
the Chicago National Bank of Chi
cago, under sentence of five years'
imprisonment in I lie Federal prison
at Leavenworth, Kan., on the charge
of misapplying the funds of the
bank, has been denied by the Su
preme Court of the United States.
Petition have been tiled in the
United States circuit court asking
for a new trial.
Additional Federal. Jutge.
Washington. Special. An addi
tional judge for the fourth United
States court circuit, comprising North
Carolina, Virginia and West Virginia
is authorized by a bill passed by the
Washington, Special. The Louse
Monday passed by a viva voce vote a
bill granting separate statehood -to
the territories of New Mexico and
Proba Am3ii:an3 Death.
Managua, Nicaragua, By Cable.
President Madriz has sent a message
to the supreme court demanding the
bringing to Uial of ail implicated in
"the miscarriage cf justice, which
resulted in the sheeting cf the Ameri
cans, Groce and Cannon." Prompt
action may be taken against Selva,
the prosucutlng attorney in the case,
Gen. Medena and possibly Zelaya.
Selva has been aires' ed, but Medina
h resisting arrest, also warrants
have been issued fcr all members of
the court maitial.
idges. frX ii'H FrterVOfficsV Qieairiole
Decker. Tn.l.. ' smKU'Mvm Company, Sentenced to .
dred persons wcrM.-MIi:f.K t,6lnmbia. . b.-- JUi..r
WEEK IN CONGRESS
Insurgents Expected to Keep
UNREST EXTENDS TO SENATE.
Fate of Several Administration Bills
One of the Livest Topics With Nat
Washington, Special. No matter
how satisfactory an arrangement is
made for the selection of the joint
committee to investigate the Bal-linger-Pinehot
controversy, the insur
gent fight promises to occupy a prom
inent place in the congressional situ
ation during the week.' -
Dissentions between the insurgents
and regulars in the House have oc
cupied the center of the stage for a
fortnight. The bickerings have even
spread to the Senate wing of the
Capitol and legislation there has
been at standstill. ,
That there will be a lull in hostili
ties in the House as soon as the Bal-liiiger-Pinehot
committee is appoint
ed is concealed, but those who are
anxious that legislation may proceed
without delay or not over sanguine
of their efforts to keep the insurgent
row in check. They look for renew
ed outbreaks whenever any question
affecting the Cannon rulers is inter
jected into the proceedings.
Second interest to the discussion of
the battle between the Republican or
ganization and the insurgents in the
House is the gossip in both branches
of Congress as to what wil be the fate
of the several administration bills to
put into force what are known as
Taft policies as differentiated from
Roosevelt policies. These embrace
the program for the Amendment of
the interstate commerce laws, . the
Sherman anti-trust law, and carrying
into effect measures for the conser
vation of natural resources.
Little opposition has been heard to
the administration measures for the
strengthening of the interstate com
merce act. On all sides it seems to
be conceded that, some such measure
as is proposed by Mr. Taft will be
Several hearings of more than or
dinary interest are scheduled to take
place, or at least begin, during the
week. There will be the consid
eration of the interstate commerce
bills at. both, ends of the Capitol, :be
Mann canal bill before the Senate
committee on interoeeanic canals, and
the meat inspection question i before (
t he House committee on agriculture.
Another interesting situation will be
H'W A T T X Tf TT TV
ttVojtmdW' sentenced ZJohn Y.
i?jt6h -and "James Stobo Young,
wr .. i i j....
secreiary - ana treasurer ior ine
defunct Seminole Securities Co.,
who were tried in five counts for con
spiracy and fraud in connection witji
their manipulation of $."5,000 of the
assets of the company with fraudulent
itnent; the former to three years and
tle latter to one year on the chain
gang or State penitentiary. Bail has
been granted pending appeal, at $5,
Shoe and Leather Men Meet.
Boston, Special. Saturday more
than 200 men representing the Shoe
Wholesalers' Association, met here
to consider whether the trade is real
ly confronted with a radical advance
in leather and shoe prices. President
J. K. Orr, of Atlanta, Ga., presided.
Smallpox C10CC3 Theatres.
High Point, N. 0. A Special says
ihe health authorities of this city
have ordered that all places of wor
ship and theatres, motion picture
shows be closed from the 15th to the
24th, to prevent the spread of small
pox. Twelve cases reported, but the
situation is well in band. No crowds
will be allowed to congregate at the
depot or on street corners. Day
schools will not be closed.
The Hookworm Conference.
Atlanta, Ga., Special. With three
members of the Rockfeller commis
sion fcr the study of the hookworm
disease in attendance, more than two
hundred prominent physicians, life
insurance officials and representatives
of civic and commercial organizations
gathered in Atlanta Tuesday for the
opening session of the first national
confeernce called for the study of
the hookworm. The conference was
in session two days and a permanent
organization, to be known as "'The
Southern Health Conference" was
.fl'co.1 t., H.o ITniico -.nmniif-nn ox- -.-. ipvir. " fC2 :if 4'SaWffl?f- ' . rWIOraVT-
penditures in the, -.Jatej-iorDepart cift near
rjrKrU .. Jjm nUrt-AJ- MM fciv-r Chattanooga,- Macon,
IlilMfll Secretary Ballinger- rf the
Zr&SJgiL'X WttM' ofhvuig (Department,-. Washington, ha
-' v r . v. v- - ; : I
I Rural mail delivery
Amount of Mail Matter Has Increas
Washington, Special. An increase
of 96 per cent, in the amount of mail
handled on rural free delivery routes
during the fiscal year ended June
30 last, over the fist-al year of 1905,
is shown in the annual report of the
Fourth Assistant Postmaster-General
P. V. DeUraw, which was trans
mitted to the Postmaster-General.
Commenting upon this fact, Mi. De
"This remarkable increase is con
clusive evidence that the institution
of rural delivery has enlarged the
amount of the mails handled and
therefore increased the revenues
This is true, although 45 per cent,
of the bulk F the maiB on rural
routes is second class matter, as the
increase applies to all classes of mat
ter, especially to letters ami postal
cards, the latter due to the enormous
use of souvenir or pictuae post
cards." The total expenditure for rural
free delivery was $.X,661,034r an in
crease of $1,289,095. 9
Good roads have been promoted by
the Postoffice Department in many
ways. The report says: "There has
been unprecedented improvement of
tbe condition of roads traversed by
rural carriers, due to the intelligent
and well-directed interest of post
masters and carriers. T'
At the dead letter division t?. re
ceipts of mail matter for the year
aggregated 11.997.325 pieces, a de
crease of 1,147,94 t from the pre
ceding 12 months. Of this matter
1,674,788 pieces were of foreign
origin and 591,604 pieces were ad
dressed to- foreign countries anI re
turned as unclaimed. Of the tota
number of letters and parcels re
ceived 7,535,044, or 62 per pent,
were returned or forwarded. It was
necessary to open 9,950,507 letters
and parcels to ascertain a clue to the
sender. The revenue derived from
the dead mail ruatter for the year
amounted to $29,234.
Fine and Imprisonment.
Atlanta, Ga., Special. Superinten
dent D. M. Viningand Guard Peter
Cornet, of the city stockade, who
were found guilty by a jury of in
humanly beating a negro prisoner,
have been sent up for contempt of
court, and fined. Yining's sentence
was $150 fine or six months' im
prisonment and Cornet's $100" or six
months. The council committee
which has been investigating the
charges of cruelty and abuses at the
city stockade reported to the council
that manv of the assertions were
substant iated. Sweping, charges . -were'-'
Efkihs' Iia-- Prcwnf ed. 4rr: Sfia Senate
mewfr- Vf , ComHTeree ml Xab1.- ha
promiset'..o im$u.iex iiieja-eauou ui
a b'&''"($-:in'icjSHgation of th
conilttioiTS-of workingmen and work
ing women in the United States
Big Fire at Elite Park.
Bristol, Tenn., Special FJk Park,
a town of 1,200, in Mitchell county,
North Carolina, was swept by a de
structive fire Thursday. Twenty
buildings in the center of tbe town
are in ashes, with an estimated loss
of $75,000. Very little insurance on
the property. The toAvn is without
fire protection. .
Work Stopped; Many Idls.
Tampa, Fla., Special. A special
from Key West states that work on
the Florida East Coast extension
from Miami lias ceased, and that
city is overrun with idle workmen,
most of them ignorant foreigners
and that some of them are practical
Messages of Former Predclent3.
Washington, Special. The House
has decided to destroy about ten tons
of old and worthless docrments, con
sisting of old President's messages,
etc., which are found useless to keep.
Fortification Appropriation Bill.
Washington, Special. The House
has passed -be fortification bill, car
Statue cf Gzn. Low Wallace Unveiled.
Washington, D. C, Special. In
the presence of a distinguished
gathering the statue of Gen. Lew
Wallace, famous soldier, diplomat
and author,' and a favorite son of
Indiana, was unveiled in Statuary
Hall at the Capitol.
Plan to Kaire $2,003,000 Fund.
Washington, Special. A plan was
launched at the meeting cf the board
of directors of George Washington
University recently to raise $2,000.
000 as an endowment fund within
Condensed from Wide Fields,
Domestic and foreign
AS THEY ARE HAPPENING DAFEY
Suited to the Wants of Bos7 Reader
Seeking a Knowledge of What
At Ocla, Fla fire completely de
stroyed the Crystal Cold Storage and
Canning company's plant, Los
There was no Virginia pilot aboard
the battleship Georgia when it
grounded near Norfolk, and it i
said an investigation will follow.
The- widow of former President
Barrios of Guatemala, once oossess
ed of millions, applied for admission
to- a New Orleans- almshouse.
At Nashville, Tennu, P. B. Jones,,
president and general manager of
the Southwestern! Co., publishers,
shot and killed his- 5-year-old son,
Jerry,. ad then committed suicide.
The Cotton States-baseball "league
is t& be revived and. in the course
of the next few days a meeting will
be held for the purpose of perfect
ing aa) organization:.
J.. C. Barnett, a Louisiana farmer,,
has been made agricultural expert
to the- King of Siam:.
Standard Oil interests are said to
have chased a deal for- the entire
natural gas output of West Virginia,,
the sum involved being $200,000,
000. A fira- at Bramwell,. W. Va., burn
ed 25 buildings and caused a loss of
Jeffersan Taylor of Aakhill, Va.,
shot his-bride of three days, mistak
ing hery for a burglar..
Karl Hau, the George- Washington
University professor,. wh murder
ed his mother-in-law in Germany
and gofc a life sentence, made -a fu
tile attempt to escape from prison.
Three men were killed and two
others- injured, one seriously, when
the auoomobile, in which they were
riding;, collided with' at street car at
Atlanta-, Ga. The automobile was
wrecked and the- street car badly
damaged. Rev. Dr. Samuel Smith, pastor
Fiust Presbyterian church, Columbia,
S.. C:,. dropped dead of appoplexy.
Atlanta, Ga,,. is b be the dhead
quarfcers of au ice and; o-oal . corpora
tion, that has just lieenycrhartered under-
the Virginia j laws: ' . The
'corporation has acipurvd : absolute
John D. Benedict of the Five Civilized-
Tribes- of Oklahoma and three
Supervisors as the result of an in
vestigation' which lias disclosed "
disgraceful condition'' affecting; the
material aad moral welfare of th
French- papers are questioning lha
motives &f the Un-ited Stales in the
proposal of Secretary Knox for the
neutralization of the Manchurian
A landslide t' jiles long; and"
half a mili; wide- carrying an Italian
village of 1,000 inhabitants dewn to
Diplomats, oTicials and hundred
of tliers attended Cardinal Gibbons1"
annual reception in .Washington.
Speaker Cattnon is promised a
more decisive defeat bv tfte Insur
gents if he attempts with Senate aid
to overturn the resolution of th
House to eltfet its members of the
Republican leaders fear the effect
of the BaHinger-Pinchofc controversy
on their party.
Secret Service men -are at work
in New York trying to get on the
trail of persons -who '"strip" gold
and silver coins.
The percentage of idleness is re
ported to be decreasing in New York
The II. C. Frick Cokv Company
announces that the wage scale of
1907 will be resioiv.i.
At San Francif-co, t lie trial of Pat
rick Calhoun, charged v.itli bribery,
has been defended until Jan. 111.
Maj. Gen. Newton Martin Curtis,
who commanded the van of the as
saulting column which captured Fort
Fisher on January 15, 1S65, raid lost
an eye in the battle, dropped dead
in New York.
Five hundred justices of the peace
and constables throughout the state
of New Jersey are about to make a
concerted move for higher wages.
Three young Harvard explorer
have just left New York on a two
year expedition to the interior of
South America, where they will col
lect ethnological, data and specimens
for the Harvard irv'nnn.
Two officers of the Russian Army
have purchased two dlrgible balloon
to go to the South Pole.
Augusta: Aiihens and Colnm