l" i - ' v-v ' - - i " iMJaiC
. 1 " " ; : : .
&. Year, Id Adranc. " FOR GOD, FOR COUNTRY AND FOR TRUTH." Hat Cmoj Cwt.
rv- i .... iii - --i ' 1 -' 1 1 -- j 1 - - - ' "
VOL. XX. PLYMOUTH, rN. C FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1910. N0.36V
Many Letters Received Urging
Passage of Bill.
IBS' UNION lit!.
South Carolinian Declares That They
. Are Not of Advantage Either to
Consumer or Producer. ,
m . , y
Washington, D. C., Specialj-4j'T,his
question involves hundreds 'of Aul
lions of dollars and the welfare of
millions of people," declared T. J.
Brooks, of Atwood, Tenn., president
of the Farmers' National Union, in
opening the hearing on the anti
option bills before the House eom-
jittee on agriculture last wedues-
lv. The proposed legislation is
'signed to prohibit dealings in fu
tures on - boards of trade and ex
changes. The committee room was
crowded with Congressmen from the
Mr. Brooks declared that dealings
in tf u hires of cotton were no more
'necessary than in wheat and wool and
ftrm implements. Hedging opera
tions "on change" he characterized
as no different from gambling on
the rice and fall of prices.
"On what moral principles,'1 he
asked, "is one class of citizens oblig
ed to make up for the losses of an
other class, for where one gains an
other must lose? The original inten
tion of the mtton exchange to bring
the buyer and seller together has
Wen eliminated in the development
of present exchange practices.
"We are willing to abide by the
Teults of abolishing futures," he
said, depicting the temptation held
out. to the prospective victims who
later "come into the game" and get
"frozen out." ,
Under yie shadow of the ex
chauges, competition among local
buyers had been eliminated in the
South, he said, and he charged the
existence of a tacit understanding in
Ihe cotton and tobacco belts for di
vision of territory. The farmers'
union' which Mr. Brooks represents
lias a membership extending over 29
Characterized by Mr. Lever of
'fouth Carolina as the largest con
sumer of cotton in tin? South, Lewis
W. Parker, a Greenville. S. C, man-'
tviacrurer, contended mat. aonormai
conditions ought to be represented
sir the same time. He said that as a
rule futures control spot cotton. He
declared that the exchanges are not of
advantage, either to the consumer or
1he producer and that it seemed im
possible to make the exchanges real
ize the fairness of the complaints
against them. He said the fight of
"his interests is to have the farmers
properly warehouse their cotton and
to market it gradually during the sea
son. George W. Neville, an important
factor in the New York cotton ex
change, arraigned the report of Com
missioner of Corporations Herbert
Knox Smith as a "masterpiece of
theory." but lacking in practicability
hi the workinsr out of his theories.
Claries S. Webb, a broker, v contend
ed for the necessity of "hedging"
against future deliveries and prfeji
dieted that abolishment of the cotton
exchanges would put the price of
cotton in the hands of the spinners.
Cotton Exchange Side of the Case.
The cotton exchange interests pre
sented their side of the case at
Thursday's session of the hearing by
the House committee on agriculture
nn the proposed legislation to pro
hibit the dealings in futures. Pres
ident S. T. Hubbard, of the New
York cotton exchange; George W.
""Neville, one of the leading members
1 ' 1
All Kinds of Weather.
Louisville, Ivy., Special. Last Fri
nlay the South experienced all kinds
of weather. At Tampa, Fla., it was
warm; rain, at Mobile, Ala.; freez
ing at Atlanta, Ga., high winds at
fialveston, Texas. In fact the South
from Ohio to the Gulf and -from
Texas to the Atlantic, had a variety
of weather, real old time winter.
Poor Man's Bill Passes.
Washington, Special. Senator
Overman's bill allowing a poor man
to prosecute wiits of error and ap
peals from the . circuit and district
courts of the VVited States to the
court of appeals without giviug bond
.and being required to advance fees
in- pav cost passed the Senate Fri
day. High Honor for Peary.
Washington. 1. C, SpeciaJ.vCont
siander Robt. E. Peary has been;ma4e
a rear-admiral for his achievement
in discovering the North Pole. by,
u i v
Taft Approyes Suggestion.
Plans for the reclassification
of public lands, suggested by
Gifford Pinchot, have been ap-
proved by President Taft. The
action made available for home-
stead settlement more than
4,000,000 acres of land included
in the forest domain.
of that forum, and others identified
with cotton speculation in the me
tropolis, were present to voice their
opposition to the inhibitory bills.
The committee has been receiving
a heavy mail from people through
out the country interested in te
measures and Chairman Scott says
he has received several hundred let
ters from men claiming to be cotton
producers urging the proposed legis
lation. The opponents of the bills took the
stand Thursday afternoon.. Their
spokesmen included President Hub
bard, of the New York Cotton Ex
change; Geo. W. Neville, and other
members of that body, and Mr. Sol
Cone, of Greensboro, N. C, a spot
I). J. Neill, rpresenting the Farm
ers' Union, of Texas, testified that
the Texas legislature blotted out
bucketshops three years ago and the
only brokers in Texas that suffered
calamity thereby were two men who
left the state for New York and
break lambs in the hands of the ex
change. He asserted that the farm
ers of the country had been " pros
trated b; the exchanges."
Last - Friday A. R. Marsh of the
N. Y. Cotton Exchange and J. E.La
tham of Grctisboro, N. C, before the
house committee on gambling in fu
tures in cotton, upheld the exchanges.
Senator Smith of South Carolina,
sought -to show that the violent fluc
tations in cotton were due to manip
ulation, that the men on 'change
got together and compared sheets,
arbitrarily fixed prices and effected
a clean up.
MANY LOST AT SEA.
Only One Surviver Out of 157
Pahna, Island of Majorca, By Cable.
Driven helplessly from her course,
in one of the wildest storms that
has swept the Mediterranean sea in
forty years, the French Trans-Atlantic
Steamship Company's steamer
General Chanzy crashed at full speed,
in the dead of night, on the treach
erous reefs near the island of Minor
ca and all but one of the 157 souls on
board perished last Friday. Only
one aboard survived. No Americans
The passengers of the Chanzy were
mostly Freeh officers and officials
returning to their post in Algeria,
accompanied by their wives and chil
dren, a few soldiers, some Italians
and Turks, and one priest. The only
Anglo-Saxon names on the passenger
list were Green and Stakeiy. There
were members of an opera trope of
eleven which had been engaged to
sing at the Casino in Algiers. The
General Chanzy sailed from Marseil
les Wednesday at noon ami was due
to arive at Algiers Thursday after
noon. The Chanzy is ja total wreck.
Night-Riders in Rockingham?
' Reidsville, N. C, Special. Several
farmers throughout this section have
received circulars and post-cards
threatening deeds of violence similar
toKhe outrage of the night-riders in
Kentucky unless they pool their to
bacco in the dry prizeries and stop
the practice of disposing of the pro
duct on the warehouse floors.
German Ambassador to Spain Dead.
Madrid. By Cable. Count Yon
Tattenbach. the German ambassador
to Spain, died last week.
White Slave ' fill Passed.
Washington, Specfal.-Tbe Senate
last Friday passed the Bennet." white
slave" bill which had previously re
ceived the sanction of the House.
The ' measure was so amended as to
liminate the inter-state regulations
originally contained in the bill, the
object of the Senate being to divorce
the immigration feature of the
question from all others.
Gets Two Years in Pen.
New York, Special. Oliver Spitzer
former doe if superintendent of the
American Sugar Refining Company's
plant at Williamsburg, was last
Thursday sentenced to two years in
the Federal penitentiary at Atlanta,
Ga., for his part in the recent ex
tensive underweishing frauds.
Diplomatic and Consular Bill.
Washington, Special. The diplo
matic and consular bill was passed by
the House last Friday. It carries an
appropriation of more than $3,700,-
CITIES NOW GOVERNED BY
Nearly seventy-live cities in
the United States now are gov-
erned under the commission
system. At the first of the year
the following list of cities so
governed was compiled, being
the most nearly complete list
up to date:
Texas Gaalveston, Houston,
Palestine. Waco, Fort Worth,
Austin, El Paso, Dallas, Dcni-
son, San Antonio, Greenville,
Iowa Des Moines,
Kansas Kansas City, To-
peka,' Coffeyville, Leaven worth,
Wichita, Indpendence, Anthony.
' North Dekota Minot, Bis-
Colorado Colorado Springs,
Oklahoma Ardmore, Enid,
Tennessee Memphis, Bristol,
Etewaah, Clarksville, Richard
Missouri St. Joseph.
South Dakota Sioux Falls.
TrtaliA RriA T.pwistnn.
California San Diego, Berke-
New York Mount Vernon.'
SENATOR BAILEY SPEAKS.
Fate of Tax Amendment Lies With
Columbia, S. C, Special. Senator
Bailey of Texas, speaking before the
members of the General Assembly of
South Carolina last Monday night
on the proposed amendment to the
constitution with reference to the in
come tax declared that the fate of
the proposed amendment lay with
the South Carolina Legislature. It
was his opinion that the only means
to raise the necessary revenue for the
government provided the tariff was
decreased under a future Democratic
administration would be the income
tax. The working of a Federal in
come tax was explained. A Federal
income tax, in his opinion would tax
according to wealth and not popula
tion. Absentee landlords, the Rep
ublican party and unjust riches were
scored by the Texas Senator. He
was cordially received. f
Atlanta, Ga., Special. The Nation
al Cotton and Cotton Products As
sociation, designed to bring to
gether in one organization the varied
cotton interests, was organized here
last week. A committee was named
to consider the advisability of holding
annually in some Southern city, a
cotton exposition. Farmers, manu
facturers, railroad representatives
and prominent educators were pres
ent at the meeting. A. M. Soule,
president of the Georgia Agricultural
College, was elected president and
Chas. S. Bartlett, president of the
National Farmers' Union, vice
president. Will Remember the Maine.
Washington. Special. The twelfth
anniversary of the destruction of the
battleship Maine in Havana harbor,
Tuesday next, is to be made the oc
casion for memorial services extend
ing over several days in this city
and at other points throughout the
country where a movement to erect
at Arlington National Cemetery a
suitable monument to the sailors who
lost their lives in the explosion is
Heike Must Stand Trial.
New York, Special. Charles R.
Heike, secretary of the American Su
gar Refining Company, the sugar
trust, is not "immune." He must
stand trial, beginning March 1 next
on indictment charging him with
other employes of the company of
conspiring to defraud the government
hy underweighing imports of sugaar.
Bridge Classed as Gambling.
Los Angeles, Cal.. Special. Guy
Eddie, City Prosecutor tinder the
Good Government administration, an
nounced last week that society women
who indulge in quiet games of bridge,
old maid or any similar pastime for
prizes will be arrested. They are
just as guilty of a misdemeanor, he
says, as the man who conducts a
"blind ph?," and must be dealt with
Walked Into Gun Trap Set by
Columbia. S. C, Special. Walking
into a shotgun trap set by her hus
band to catch chicken thieves, Mrs.
George L. Necl, of Newberry coun
ty last Sunday received wounds
which will likely prove fatal.
Kentucky Planters Plan Big Hemp
Lexington. Ivy., Svcia!. Suggested
by the, successful tobacco and woll
pools in Kentmkv, hemp growers
from various parts of the State met
here lat week and took preliminary
1 tep,i icx ill iw;i-;lca c a hen '
Condensed from Wide Fields,
Domestic and Foreign.
AS THEY ARE HAPPENING DAILY
Suited to the Wants of Bus7 Readers
Seeking a Knowledge of What U
Going on. i
At Knoxville,- Tenn., Bert Redford,
of Madison, secretary of the Y. M.
C. A., attempted to eject John W.
Cash, a Southern Railway flagman,
and was instantly killed.
John L. Sullivan, the former heavy
weight champion of the vorld, was
last Monday married to the sweet
heart of his school days, Miss Kath
'erine Hartnett, a wealthy real estate
J. F. Ong, a prominent contractor,
of Columbia, S. C, committed suicide
last Saturday at Augusta, Ga.
At Long Beach, Cal., the strain of
supporting a 200-pound patient, who
had rolled oil the operating table,
burst a . blood vessel in Dr. William
Lawrence Woodruff's lungs, and the
surgeon died shortly afterward.
District Attorney Whitman asked
for and got a $25,000 appropriation
from the Board of Estimates of New
York to pursue the investigation into
the so-called "white-slave" traffic.
That a wealthy Chinaman, whose
headquarters are either in Chicago
or San Francisco, is at the head of an
extensive conspiracy to smuggle
opium into the United States, is the
belief of Federal officials whose in
vestigations culminated last week in
seven arrests four in Chicago, two
in Los Angeles and one in El Paso.
Eighty-eight letters to Andrew
Carnegie, asking him to buy an or
xan for the Cote Brilliaute Presby
terian Chuch, of St. Louis, Mo., writ
ten in the last eight months, brought
a check for $1,125 last week from
One person was killed, one ser
iously injured and 13 others more
or less hurt when passenger train No.
43 on the Rock Island railroad col
lided with a freight train at Fourche,
38 miles west of Little Rock last
The enrollment of the North Caro
lina College of Agriculture and Me
chanic Arts has now reached 530,
eighty new students having been
registered since the new year. This
record breaking registration has
been made possible by the comple
tion of the new dormitory. Another
gratifying feature of the enrollment
for this year is that there is a gain
of 54 per cent in the number of agri
Luminda Lotten, a negro woman,,
aged 119. years, died at Donaldsville,
La., last Monday. She was a native
of Virginia. Until a month ago she
was engaged in active labor.
Five hundred clerks employed in
the general offices in Boston of the
Boston and Maine railroad have re
ceived notice of a 10 per cent raise
The Paltka, Fla.. board of trade
will have an interesting celebration
upon the opening of the Putnam
county highway bridge, at Palatka,
Fla., on the 22d.
Three thousand shirt waist work
ers at Philadelphia, returned to
work, after being on strike for sev
Prof. M. M. Parks, president of
the Georgia Normal and Industrial
college, at Milledgeville, Ga., return
ed last Monday morning from his
tour of the world, after having en
circled the globe in a trip that oc
cupied nearly four months.
James K. Patterson, president of
the Kentucky State university, has
announced to the committee of the
State legislature that at his death
his fortune will go to the college of
which he has been the head for over
fortv vears. It amounts to something
The announcement of Mrs. Manila
M. Ricker, lawyer and leader in the
suffragette movement, that she is to
be a candidate for the governorship
of New Hampshire has created a sen
sation at Dover.
At Carrollton. Ga., in a duel with
pistols, T. J. Johnson, a wealthy
planter, killed his son-in-law, Henry
Camp. The duel followed the elope
ment of Camp with Johnson's 18-.year-old
Nicholas Timmes, of Sliamakin,
Pa., died last week, and in his will
he left $30,000 to Miss Anna Wil
liams for nursing him during his ill
ness. According to advices from Chuich
upa, Mexico, Indians in that viciuity
are in an ugly moml, and an up
rising is thought not improbable. Col
onists report a number ot attlc
driven away by the Indians.
A report 1mm. Bay Mint t to. Bald
win county, received at Mobil.'. Ala.,
Tuesday states every prisoner con
fined in the jail at that pi are had
made their escape about midnight
Monda, except one man. Jwhn Eskew
who stated that he had no desiro to
After several conferences at the
Whiie House last Monday Wade IL
Ellis of Ohio resigned his position as
assitant to the attorney general in
the department of justice to accept
the chairmanship of the Republican
executive committee of Ohio and to
assume charge of the Ohio campaign
At Chicago Monday Henry Beck
er established a new record for 100
yards on roller skates, doing the dis
tance in 10 second and clinnino- 1-5
J of a second off the old mark.
Ane uetrysDurg minefield .Monu
ment Commission, which met in Rich
mond last week fixed on the design
submitted by F. William Sievers, of
Washington. It is an equestrian sta
tue, with General Lee on Traveler,
the horse he rode during the Civil
War, and the base of the monument
is surrounded by soldiers of the three
branches of the service.
Almost every state on the Atlan
tic seaboard from Maine to Florida
Monday experienced the coldest
weather of the winter.
New Cuban Postage.
New York, Special. The printing
of a new issue of Cuban postage and
revenue stamps has just been com
pleted in this cit". The Cuban gov
ernment has discarded the old de
sign that has been used for several
years and has substituted the por
traits of men who distinguished them
selves in the military service of the
Engineers of Southern Receive Wage
Knoxville, Tenn., Special. The en
gineers employed by the Southern
Railroad Company have received a
material increase in their salaries.
The increase is made effective Febru
ary 1. The amount of the raise in
the wage scale ranges from 17 to
20 cents dailv.
World's fair will be held in New
York city in 1913 to commemorate
the 300th anniversary of the settle
'ment of Manhattan Island.
Butchered Young Girl.
Deland, Fla. Special. Irwin Han
chett, 16-years-old, has been arrested
for murdering Mary Tedder, 14 years
old. He hacked the victim into
pieces wit h.'-a. knife. He was a in
mate of the reformatory for boys,
and considered. ji model :; youth. He
barely escaped mob vengence.
'"- ' '
The it'harcyt ""Antarctic- expedition
has refurwed Jhr I -uSfft Arenas with
out having- reacjiy difi ' Son.t h Pole.
Victor H3flie?f;mjsian aul com-
.Tlm F-5iAllfl9 lawyer ah.U State
Senro5ty-jfve$f.-' , , . -;
JersY? CeMral iiiHne; "Cuba:
vnaltteljf-eaJiea for JEfrSpt .tste ao
sent thrgjCBontha. ,..,. r , Z,Xiu.--
ill -as T3wrjftHALj
recent-rail in his home. I t . "'
Joseph H. Choate began jhis eigh
tieth year attacking the looter; of the
New York Cfty. Railway's treasury. .
William T. WiTd?elL capita'lisU
and former pronmition canaiaaie un
Governor of New York, is eighty-nine,
Julius A. Van Heo. of Indiana.
American Vice-Consul at Ghent, and
Miss Mary Laroy were married at the
City Hall, Antwerp.
Eugene Zimmerman, of Cincinnati,
said that the Duke and Duchess ot
Manchester, the latter his daughter,
will tour America.
Secretary Wilson, of the Depart
ment of Agriculture, says the high
price of living is due to a "miserable
lot of small trusts."
J. P. Morgan, Jr., following Miss
Mary Garden's example, claimed ex
emption from customs duties on the
ground of foreign residence.
An offer by John D.. Rockefeller,
Jr., to contribute $25,000 to defray
the expenses of a white slave inquiry
by the Grand Jury was declined.
Judge E. H. Gary, of the United
States Steel Corporation, has been
made a member of the Executive Com
mittee of the Erie Railway Board of
Directors. . " .
Judge Hough dismissed an indict
ment against F. A. Heinze on the
ground that the participation of an
expert in the Grand Jury examination
PIGS IN BLANKETS
One pound of ronwd. a:et.k ; this Is
to be j ut in 2 1-2-Inch square with
a small piece of broaJffast b'acou in-t-ide;
-oil up and iii,Av!lh toth
picko; rfrt(ieVt Jaur:$d :it in fry.
pan with piece of tfuffer t JS!. row n -:!;
put ipttlo wi;h waJer tocr. er;
t:o.p UsJfer in kettle Ion- eoug'i to
covop iile cooking; cock uy:oe
hours; juvt Jefore serving. add flour
to thicken 'for gravy. Serve .t ylav
er i?U I cup of ooy-e-t TfJ us a
" berdwr, garnished wilh pr.-slsy.--i03
NORTH STATE NEWS
Iteas r State Interest .Gathered
and Told in Brlet '
POE STATE WATERWAY
Items Carried in I&ver and Harbor
BiU.'" for this State.
A spee&l from Washington of
last Thursday says the River and
Harbor bill will carry the itema - t
named below fpr North Carolina, and--
Senator imn(yns" may be able to
have many otbe appropriations in- t
creased. Tti& hill has got to go to
the' SenateJ&pd-may undergo many
changes: ,13: , . .V V
Improvjj waterway from Norfolk
harbor tAJbemarie sound and for '
naainteliideV.'of improvement of in-ji
land water 'route from Norfolfc to 'Mt
Albemarle sound through Currituck .'., ( . .,'
sound, $5,000. Improving watenfrayl jiL,
from Norfolk to the sound ,$3,000. u
Improving harbor at Beaufort, $Sr V
1)00. Improving Beaufort inlet $7,- ; - r
500. Improving Manteo harbor, epm
pleting improvement in aceordaSce "
with the report submitted in Sixtieth. O ,
Congress, first session, $12,75S. V , ;
proving Bay river, completing
provement in accordance with
report submitted in Sixty-firsCCoiH.
gress, second session $21,000. Imprcxfc
? r in t inr:t
ing ape rear rivet aouve yy umm
ton, continuing improvement -wifch a
view to securing a navigable 2ffch "
of eight feet up to Fayettevili,--n-N,-v-
cluding surveys and acquisition"
land for sites for locks and dams'
and completion of plans for the s"ame -
in accordance with the report sub-
mitted to Sixtieth Congress, first
session, $10,000. Improving Cape
Fear river at and below Wilmington
continuing improvement to "such,
depth in excess of twenty feet as"tb
appropriation for the workmay per- ;
mit, due regard being giyeu1to'i8 : -difference
in tidal oscillation the v
upper and lower portion of tbem
provement, $200,000. Improving Cor- -v
tentnea creek, $2,000. Improving-
Fishing creek, $1,500. Improving
Neuse and Trent rivers, colUlSvinq: f
improvement and for maintenaiiti; '
including work in accordaw'vrV;' ,
the" plan for securing adeptlilJir&inr. r'--feet
in the Trent rive from New
born to Trenton as recommended" to
Sixtieth Congress second session,
$30,000. Improving New river and
waterways to Beaufort, TofauvniHg. -imnrnvpment.
and for maintenaneBT -11
New river, including inland waef
wavs between Beaufort harbor and
New river, and between- New river .
and Swansboro, $22,700, of wbieh
sum $(5,700 may be Expended upon
New river in aeeordaneeisith the - '
report submitted to the Sixtieth Con"""
gress, second session. Improving
Northeast, Black and Cape Fear riv
ers, for maintenance of improve
ment of Northeast and Black rivers
and of Cape Fear river above Wil
mington, $7,000. Improving Pamlico
and Tar rivers, $5,000. Improving
Roanoke river, $5,000. Improving
St'uppernong river, $2,500. Improv
ing South river, completing improve
ment in accordance with the report
submitted to Sixtieth Congress, first
session, $10,000. Waterway from
Pamlico sound to Beaufort inlet, $10,
000. Improving waterway connect
ing Swan Quarter bay, with Deep
,5ay. completing improvement in ac
cordance with the report submitted
to the Sixtieth Congrss, first session. -.
$14,575. ' "3
SOIL SURVEY WORKr
Additional Experimental Stations to
" be Located.
A special from Washington, D.'C...
of last week, says a conference ;hp-- -been
arranged between Dt.""Bv lKH'-"''
gore, chemist, of the North CaVorm'a'
department of agriculture, and Mr.
W. E. Hearn, of the bureau of 'soils.
United States department of agricul
ture, who has charge of the co
operative soil survey work in thw
State of North Carolina. Mr. Hearn
will proceed ,to Raleigh "at an early
date in order to discuss with Dr.
Kilgore, the lQfatiou of additional
field experiment supon the most im
portant soil types which have been
shown by the soil survey to exist in.
the different port ions of North Caro . .
lina. The soil conditions in various
counties will be discussed.
Soon after the first of March the
spil survey work will be begun id
Mecklenburg and Granville counties.
The work of the soil surveys of theje 1
two areas will be completed about
The town of .Jonesboro at a special
eleotion last Thursday voted a bond
issue of $15,000 for the installing of
a waterworks system.
The Chamber of Commerce of
Greensboro has been revived.
Burlington is considering a $50.
000 bond issue for street improve
ments. February term, of Jlowan court wa
called oil on account of snudhwx in
the count jail.
Shad during the p.LHt. wk on the
New Bern market were very scarce.
IWs sold at $1.50, while buck