fi- a Year, In Adrance. FOR GOD, FOR COUNTRY AND FOR TRUTH. " Statf QVf Casta,
y 1 HI. I N 1.1 I II II ! I I II I I " I I I .... 1 1 W I ' ' HI II , I I I I. . IIHIII l III I. I. I Tfc
VOL. XX. PLYMOUTH, N, C. KID AY MAKCH 4, 1910. NO. 38.
nam m m
In more than 50 decisions the su
1 preme court of the United States
Monday passed ow the administration
of justice as it had appeared in the
lower federal courts and State tribu
nals in more tan half the States in
the Union. Many State laws were
declared unconstitutional, more up
held, and the laws of the United
States given a final interpretation.
The State of South Carolina like
wise won a victory ove rthe railroads
in that State when the court adopt
ed the view of the supreme court of
South Carolina that the law requiring
railroads to pa ya penalty of $50 for
failure to adjust within 90 days
claims for losses applied only to in
The State of Alabama had its
statute leyving a franchise tax on
foreign corporations declared uncon
stitutional. Railroads brought the
ase to the supreme court. The State
i? 1 i i ? A
ueorgia iosi in mosi oi us con
tentions in the attempt to levy on the
Georgia itanroaa and uanKing com
pany property for franchise taxes,
despite charter exemptions.
'Cotton Leak Scandal."
Indicted in connection with the
"cotton leak scandal" of the depart
ment of agriculture whick occurred in
1905. Moses Haas, Theodore II. Price
and Frederick A. Peckham, who have
been fighting against their extradi
tion from New York, must come to
Washington for trial, according to a
decision rendered Monday by the Su
preme Court of the United States.
When indictments were made to two
jurisdictions, as in this case the court
Iield that the government may elect
where the accused shall be tried. The
appeal to the Supreme Court was
from the refusal of the circuit court
of the United States for the southern
jurisdiction of New York to release
the men from the custody of the
United States marshal.
I Tar Heels Fighting Hard.
v The controversy over oleomarga
rine is spreading in North. Carolina.
Many letters, some for and some
against, the 10-eent tax arrive here
daily. Senator Simmons and. Repre
sentative Kitchin are very pronounc
ed in their views on the subject.
Both oppose the tax and would dis
continue it. Representative , Small
lias declared himself in opposition to
the law. All think that the label
should carry the name of the pro-
j i ii. -i t' j:
-uuci uul ufuee mat iimf inx is ues
"criminatory and should be removed.
In Memory of Francis Willard.
Exercises in celebration of the fifth
anniversary of the unveiling of the
statue of Franeis E. Willard in the
national hall of fame were held at
the Capitol Tuesday under the aus
pices of the Woman's Christian Tem
perance Union. The speakers includ
ed Miss Bell Kerney, of Mississippi,
Coffey to Lecture at University.
Dr. Venable, president of the North
Carolina State university, through
Senator Overman, has secured the
cervices of George M. Coffey of the
United States soil survey for a series
of lectures at the university the last
week of April. Mr. Coffey, who is
very capable, is a North Carolinian
and a graduate of the university.
Would GivJ Passes.
Representative Taylor, of Ohio,
out in a bill that will be cood read-
--. m t
., ing to the families of a lot f railroad
men throughout the country. It is
for the amendment of the Hepburn
law to permit railroad companies to
give interstate passes to the widows
and children of railroad employes.
Lights Along the Coast.
Senator Overman of North Caro
lina got the board to approve his and
Representative Godwin's bill provid
ing $21,000 for better lights along
I Toxaway Hotel Co. Wins.
The Toxaway Hotel Company f
North Carolina is a corporation mere
ly for conducting hotels, and so hot
subject to the national bankruptcy
acts, held the Supreme Court of the
United States Monday in deciding a
case from the United States circuit
conrt of appeals for the fourth cir
cuit. Money For Immigration Commission.
The action of the house Monday
assured an appropriation of $125,000
for" completing the work of the im
.jiiigration commission, this being the"
full amount desired by the commis
sion' for that purpose.
The soil and climate of Arizona
are adaptable to the successful grow
ing of Egyptian cotton, according to
Ulie" announcement' of the bureau of
Indian affairs on the accomplishment
of its experimental Station at
Sacafon, near Phoenix, Arizona.
While the boys in the East are
heaving the farms and seeking employ
ment elsewhere there is room for op
timism as to farm life in. some parts
of the country, said Secretary of
Agriculture Wilson Tuesday in dis
cussing the protection of National
Grange of West Virginia against the
figures in his annual report relative
to the value of the wealth of Ameri
The Secretary said the figures, $8,
760,000,000, mentioned in his report
as the value of farm produots last
year, merely represented the visible
wealth of the farms of the country,
including stock, cattle, grain, etc., and
had nothing to do with the cost of
making the crops. He added that
the department had not reached the
point where it was able to give the
net profits of the Amerioan farms.
"I know," he said ,"that some far
mers claim that the corn and grain
should not be counted in, along with
the stock, as the grain is fed to the
stock. But doesn''t that make the
stock more valuable?"
The grange complained that the fig
ures were misleading and represented
the farmer rolling in wealth, giving
no data as to the comparatively small
profit he made after the hardest sort
Last year, he stated, 12,500 boys on
Southern farms raised an acre of corn
each, and some of them did splendid
work. Tlis year the department is
giving instruction to the young men
in hog raising. "We are trying to
reach the old people through the
young ones," he said.
Labeling of Whiskey,
President Taft's decision in the
liquor controversy that "whiskey is
whiskey" whether it be blended or
straaght, has been formulated in a
set of regulations prepared by the
board . of food and drug inspection.
of the Department of Agriculture.
The regulations were completed last
week and approved, as required by
ihe pure food law, by Secretary Wil
son of the Department of Agricul
ture, Secretary MacVeagh of the
Treasury and Secretary Nagel of the
Department of Commerce and Labor.
In brief, the regulations declare
that all unmixed spirits distilled from
grain, prepared in the customary
ways, are entitled to the name
"whiskey."' without qualification.
Blended whiskeys must be labeled as
The term "whiskey," however, is
restricted to distillates from grain,
and under the regulations, distillates
from old substances, if labeled
"whiskey" are misbranded and the
person guilty of misbranding may be
May Have to Buy .Mail Boxes.
Pei-sons who live in cities and
have no mail boxes in front of their
residences are liable not to receive
any mail at home after June 30,
1911. Certainly they will not if a
provision of the Postoffiee Appro
priation bill becomes a law. The
provision prohibits any letter car
rier from delivering any mail at any
house unless there is a suitable mail
box on the outside to receive it. It
means that Uncle Sam is tired of
having his uniformed carriers wait
for" people to take their time in
answering their door bells.
To Abolish Pension Agencies.
- The abolishment of seventeen out
of eighteen pension agencies in the
ceuntry is recommended to the house
by the appropriations committee in
the report on the pension bill. The
only agency will be located at Wash
ington. The seventeen agencies thus
cut off are located in Augusta, Me.;
Boston, Buffalo, Chicago, Columbus,
O.; Concord, N. H.; Des Moine3, la.;
Detroit, Indianapolis, Knoxville,,
Louisville, Milwaukee, New York,
Philadelphia, Pittsburg, San ITraa
ciseo and Topeka, Kan.
Japan Raising Peannts.
Japan is becoming a competitor of
the Southern States in the raising
and delivery of peanuts to America.
The exportation of Japanese pea
nuts to this country during 1908
aggregated 4,929,141 pounds, out of
6,21S,771 sent to all parts of the
world. On the island of Formosa
more than 50,000 acres of peanuts are
Overman Secures Picture. '
Senator Overman f Nerth Caro
lina saw Cj6 chief of the lighthouse
board last week and got him to do
nate a framed .picture of "The
Knuckles" at Frying Pan Shoals to
the city of Wilmington. The pic
ture was one of the most intreesting
on exhibit at the Seattle exposition.
Fftolish to Vote.
Saturday before an , audience of
young women at the George Wash
ington Memorial meeting, President
Taft told them it was foolish for
women to want to vote in the Dis
traict of Columbia.
NORTH STATE NEWS
Items of State Interest Gathered
and Told In Brief.
Wilmington Has Bad Fire.
A distastrous fire Sunday totally
destroyed two Avarehouses at the
freight terminals of the Seaboard
Air Line Railway in Wilmington.
The conflagration was one of the
most disastrous in recent years and
will seriously impede business until
the buildings are replaced.
An estimate of the damage places
it in the neighobrhood of $200,000.
The fire started in the end of the
Monoth building completed only a
month ago. In this was stored chem
icals, fertilizers, nitrates etc., own
ed by Armour and Company and
other firms. This building was soon
a mass of flames. The blaze next
spread to warehouse C, leased from
the Seaboard by Armour and Com
pany and this was totally destroy
ed. The German stc(imship Jarls
burg was moored at the docks. River
steamers and the revenue cutter Sem
inole pulled the steamer in mid
stream after small boats aiul' tthe1
bride had been burned. Loud ex
plosions of chemicals caused much
excitement throughout the city. The
fire occurred during a driving rain
and wind storm; the rain had no
effect upon the flames fed by the
Chemicals. Water pressure was poor
owing to installation of a new water
Work of building the warehouses
will probably start immediately. The
destroyed buildings formed a part of
a chain of immense warehouses
erected here by the Seaboard for
storage purposes. '
Slayer of Rose to Die..
Many acquaintances througout the
State of Mr. Benjamin Rose, formerly
of Winston-Salem, and who was
murdered in his room in New York
where he had been living for the last
few years, will be interested to
know that Edward F. McGrath, a
former pugilist, has been convicted
of the crime and will pay the pen
alty of electrocution.
The jury at the first trial found
for murder in the second degree,
which carries a minimum sentence of
twenty years imprisonment, but the
defendant's laAvyer, upon moving for
mally for a new trial on -the gorund
that the verdict was against the
weight of evidence, was surprised to
have the judge grant a new trial, immediately;-
The accused man's second
trial has resulted in the imposition
of the death penalty.
Machinists Want Increase.
A committee representing the
various unions organized throughout
the South, left Spencer Sunday night
for Birmingham, Alav, for a con
ference with representatives from all
points on the Southern Railway
system relative to an increase of
wages, which is asked for by all
machinists in the Southern's ser
vice. The conference, which con
vened in Birmingham will, it is fid,
arrange a schedule of wages which
will be submitted to the officials of
the Southern Railway Company.
Exemption of Hospital Bonds Sus
tained. Judge Oliver II. Allen .rules in the
test case of Parker vs. Raleigh Sav
ings bank that tho issue of $500,
000 state bonds for enlarging the
state hospitals are not liable to tax
ation when held by banks as invest
ments for bank surplus, the ruling of
the North' Carolina corporation com
mission to the contrary notwith
standing. The ruling merely sus
tains the legislative exemption stamp
ed on the bonds, but which the ruling
of the commission threatened to up
set. Solomon Shepherd Captured.
Solomon Shepherd, the convicted
curderer of Engineer Holt and who a
few weeks ago was sentenced to serve
a 30-year term in the penitentiary
and who escaped from a railway con
struction camp near Laurinburg, gave
the people of Alamance a lively chase
Monday and was finally captured and
returned to the penitentiary by Offi
cer G. L. Patillo and Deputy Sheriff
C. D. Storv of Burlington.
Negroes Start Hosiery Mill.
The Durham Textile Mills com
pany (incorporated) .is the name of a
new corporation operating a hosiery
mill In Hay ti, the colored settle
ment of the city. '
To Purchase Dredging Machine.
Arrangements are being made by
the Rowan County Board of Com
missioners to purchase a dredging
machine, which it is proposed ,to use
in dredging the creeks and rivers
of the county.
Condensed from Wide Fields,
Domestic and foreign.
AS THEY ARE HAPPENING DAILY
Suited to the Wants of Busy Readers
Seeking a Knowledge of What if
Announcement of a national "Tu
berculosis Sunday" to be held April
34, in 215,000 churches of the United
States, has been made by the Na
tional Association for the Study ani
Prevention . of Tuberculosis.
AHeging that garbage iunped
by the railroad near his home caused
his family to be' stricken with ty
phoid fever, James H. Overby, of At
lanta, Ga., last Wednesday filed suit
against the Central of Georgia Rail
road for damages aggregating $62,
500. Th" Supreme Court of Ohio last
Wednesday held that all saloonists
selling near-beer in "dry" counties
must pay the Aiken liquor tax of
$1,000 a year. About $1,000,000 is
involved throughout the State and
the decision is admitted to be a blow
at the liquor interests.
Citizens of Granville county,
ICorth Carolina, have organized a
A warrant has been issued charg
ing Dr. James R. Hull, of Munroe
City, Mo., with murdering Professor
J. f. Vaughn by strythine poisoning.
A serious wreck occurred Thurs
day near Medulla on the Winston
& Bone Yalley railroad, in Florida,
five miles, south of Lakeland, as the
result of a head-on collision between
a passenger train bound to Fort
Meade and an extra work train. Sev
eral were badly iiijured, but all pas
The sand dunes in New Zealand,
as stated in an official report by Dr.
Cockayne, cover 24,000 acres in the
South Island, and 200,000 acres in
the North Island, the dunes of west
am Wellington stretching 170 miles
along the sea with an area of more
than 90,000 acres.
The replies of the Southern rail
roads to the wage demands of the
Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen
and the Order of Railway Conduc
tors were opened at Cleveland, O.,
last Thursday. The refusal of the
roads to meet the men's terms were
At Charleston, S. C, Friday the
South Carolina Cotton Seed Associa
tion voted to, continue the organiza
tion five years and four more months
That what is knawn as the "black
listing" statue of Texas is not con
trary to the Federal constitution, is'
the opinion of the court or eivn ap
peals for the Fifth district of Texas
in a ease wherein a brakeman was
given a verdict of $2,500 against the
St. Louis Southwestern" Railway Co.
The case will probably be appealed
to the United States Supreme Court.
At Fayetteville, N. C, the family
of S. M. Beasley, roadmaster of the
Atlantic Coast Line, had a narrow
escape from being burned alive in
their home, which was set on fire by
an incendiary, evidently with the
purpose of robbery.
Personal friends of Charles W.
Morse, the convicted banker, are pre
pared to spend more than $1,000,000
in working for his release from the
Federal prison in Atlanta, Ga.
Officers were elected by the Na
tional Association of Cement users
iff convention at Chicago, 111., Thurs-J
m ti. m v -r-r l i -r-kt '1
day. Kicnara 1j. numpnrey, oi rnn
adelphia, was re-elected president for
the sixth time.
From the records in the geological
department of Hampton College, at
Utica, N. Y., it is computed that the
fall of snow there this winter thus
far has been 93 inches. This is a
reeord for central New York.
William Sevier was charged with
the responsibility for the death of
Jan Adams, at Atlantic City, N. J.,
by the coroner's jury last Thurs
day, after a hearing that lasted 25
The agricultural appropriation bill
was reported to the Senate Thurs
day. It carries $13,512,035, an in
crease of only $182,339 over the
amount voted bv the House.' Of
this. amount $40,000 is an additional
amount to. be; used in stamping the
boll weevil out,' making $225,000 in
all for this purpose.
Edwin L. Quarles. secretary of the
Petersburg (Va) Chamber of Com
merce, has resigned his position, inf
order to give his entire time to theQ
field work of the Southern Comme
rcial Congress among educational in
stitutions and commercial organizations.
More than a thousand hens from
the United States and Europe will
meet in an egg-laying contest at Mex
ico, Mo., next fall if the plans of
T. E. Quissenberry, secretary of the
Missouri State Poultry board, are
successfully carried out
Woman's Day was celebrated by
the Socialist party throughout the
United States Monday and meetings
to boom the suffrage movement were
held in many eities.
Thad A. Davenport, of Kocky
Mount, has filed a voluntary petition
in bankruptcy. Tie liabilities are
about $6,700, and the assets, $0,400.
S. Cooper, also of Rocky Mount,
filed a voluntary petition in bank
ruptcy. The liabilities are about
$21,000, and the assets about $10,500.
- Expect Good Fishing.
The fishermen of Eastern North
Carolina are looking forward to a
prosperous fishing season and are
making preparations accordingly.
Mrs. Gibson Arrested.
Mrs. Sallie Gibson has, or has not,
funds or property sufficient to satisfy
a judgment of $100 and costs render
ed against her by Magistrate Fowles
in 1907 at the suit of Mr. R. L Shu
ler of New Brooklyn. She has been
arrested in order that she .may be
examined under oath as to her finan
cial status. This is the Mrs. Gibson
who about a jrear ago was beaten and
robbed of over $60,000 by a Colum
bia horse trader with whom she had
gone to Texas. The money was re
covered and he was tried for his life,
but was acquitted.
Charged With Murder of Hnsbr.-;d.
Kirksville, Mo., Special. Prosecut
ing Attorney Reiger announced Sat
urday night that a warrant charging
Mrs. Alma Vaughn with murdering
her husband, Prof. J. T. Vaughn,
would be severed Sunday by Sheriff
Prof. Vaughn died last October
from strychnine poisoning. The war
rant for the arrest was issued late to
day, following the dismissal of the
special grand jury that has beer, in
vestigating Vaughn's death.
$1,600,000 to Be Distributed.
Lexington, Ky., Special. It is ex
pected that $1,600,000 will be dis
tributed at once to claimants against
the Southern Mutual Investment
Company as a result of the con
firmation of the report of Receiver
J. C. Rogers by the circuit court
here Monday. The "investment com
pany failed several years ago with
nearly 3,000 claimants residing in
cvtry state of the Union.
Fruit Trees Budding.
Statesboro, Ga., Special. Despite
the most severe iwinter known in
Statesboro in many years, and up to
a few days ago, freezing weather
having been experienced, fruit trees,
especially peaches, are said to be
budding. Monday was the first spring
like day Statesboro has had.
Saw Cut the Workman Dead.
Durham, N. C, Special. At C. G.
Hare's wood yard in Hayti, suburban
solored section, late Saturday even
ing, Haywood Cozart and Alexander
Lyon, both colored, were instantly
killed while operating the saw.
A piece of it struck Lyon across
the head, killing him instantly. The
broken saw flew to nieces and one of
the teeth 'struck Cozart, going r.'
moit through his head, though he
lived a few minutes.
Taming to the Right.
Here i3 a good explanation of the
reason for Americans turning to the
right and of the English turning to
the left when passing. . In the good
old Colony times when we all lived
under the King tho principal draught
animal in this country was the ox;
now In driving a yoke of oxen the
driver neceeearily walks on the left
side of his cattle in order to hold
hi3 goad in Ms right hand. In pass
ing another farmer on the road sim
ilarly equipped if he passed to the
rlsrht he could thus see aud avoid
Per contra our English cousins,
vtko used horses instead of oxen in
the good old times found, as we do,
tbat sitting on the right side of the
wagon seat was the- best and most
comfortable way to drive, and that
turning to the left enabled them to
see and avoid collision.? while piss
ing. Tho-D.as H. Morrison, in tin
New York Times.
Mercury's Freezing Point. '
Mercury freezes at minus 40 de
SLIDE KILLS MANY.
Whole Families are Buried Be
neath the Snow.
IN TWO IDAHO MINING TOWNS-
Snow is Thirty Feet Deep in Places-i-Disaster
Similar to That of Burke
in 1890. '
Spokane, Wash., Special. In Nor
thern Idaho, in the rich Couer
D 'Aleno' district, at least sixty lives
were snuffed out Monday.
Twenty-five houses in the little
town of Maee, in which the occu
pants were sleeping, were swept down
the mountain side in a mass of snow
and ice to the bottom of a canyon.
In Burke a little town of 900 in
habitants' another slide occurred,
crushing a score or more ' house
under tons of earth and snow.
It is feared that the death list
may total far above the present, es
timate. However fifty or sixty dead
is believed to be about correct.
Because of the record depth of the
snow some uneasiness has been felt
in both these places, although for
sixteen winters these towns have
escaped devastating slides and so
strong had the confidence of mine
residents that their homes and fam-
ilies were safe that no precautions
had been taken. .
, Thirty-five Italians sleeping in art
outfit car on the Northern Pacific
who were swept to the. bottom of the :
canon, used the tools in their car to
dig themselves out; - - -.:
The . noise of the slide was heard",
five miles distant. If buried 5
families or about 100 persons. How
many of these are dead will not fee
known until some time later and
perhaps for many days, for reports
tell of snow filling the canyon to a
depth of 50 to 75 feet.
Twelve dead bodies are reported
to have been recovered and 25 people
have been taken out alive. Superin
tendent Pascoe, of the Standard
mine, is said to be missing but a
child of his was found alive. 4
Never siuce Burke, another little
canyon mining camp was 'almost
wiped out by a landslide on Febru
ary -1, 1890, has a Coeur D'Alene
town been so sorely stricken, On
that occasion the canyon filled 1,000
feet across by a grinding mass of
trees, stumps, earth and boulders, 50
to 75 feet deep, packed almost ".as
solid as ice. Its track lovu ' the
mountain side was swept, as clean as
a floor. During the winter of 1888 t
the snow piled high in the canyons
and never since has such a heavy fall
been recorded as this year. Chinook
winds accompanied by rains have
prevailed since .Thursday with the
snow from 2 to 10 feet deep.
Military in Control.
Eldorado, Ark., Special. Follow
ing the wounding of three white men,
the formation of a mob and an attack
on the negro section of the city,
Eldorado Saturday night was under
control of the military and w-hat
threatened to develop info, a serious?
racial clash has been suppressed for
the time being, at least.
This disorder began in the early
afternoon, when a white man was
crowded from the sidewalk by a
A mob quickly formed and had be
gun the destruction of negro cabin
and property when Governor Don
aghey was appealed to and the local
militia company was ordered out.
Rich Youths Write Love Letters.
Pittsburg, Special. Twenty of
Pittsburg's richest "gilded youths"'
are shaking in their shoes because of
the finding of startling love letters in
suit cases belonging to Lillian Smith,
seventeen-year-old ''Girl of Mys
The police are certain that they -have
unearthed evidence tending to
show the existence of a gijantie
blackmailing plot, which ;older heads--than
the girl's were concerned.
Cook's "Proof" in Museum.
Copenhagen, Special. Visitors to
Copenhagen may now see the tran
script of Dr. Cook 's North Pole
diaries and proofs, which the uni-"
versity handed over to the chief of
police in its museum. The chief ha
filed alleged proofs f the North Pole
discovery with papers and documents
relating to grand forgeries, thefts,
Wouldn't Pray, Eivcrca Granted.
Tonekn, Kan., Special. Because his
wife would not pray. A. F. Barker,
73 years old, was arrant ed a divore
Moatlav. Mrs. Barker is 63 years old.