1- i". -A
THE LAFAYETTE MONUMENT.
In Lafayette Square, nearly opposite the White House, is the imposing
bronze and marble memorial to Lafayette and his compatriots who served in
the Revolutionary War. It was erected by Congress in 1S90, and is the
work of two French sculptors, Antome Falquiere and Antonin Mercler.
' America, in front, offers the sword of liberty to the heroic figure of Lafay
ette. On one side are Kochambeau and Duportail, on the other D'Estaing
me Coor necavf ,
"H'm, a roll for Widow James' kid
'at Bluff Ledge! 'Taint often a parcel
comes by express for that chap!"
wheezed Silas Carr, the captain of
the Molly, as he drew a whiff at his
"Shame about that little feller, I
declare! He's so cute with his hands;
seems though he makes up for his
little shriveled legs," exclaimed one
"There's something else on that
fcundle besides his name. I hain't
got my readin '-specs what is it?"
" 'Deliver . before July Fourth,'"
read Fred Vincent, agent of the local
"Wall," drawled the weather"
prophet of the fishing village, "that's
easier writ than done, with this sev-eaty-tnlle-gale
blowin', and, what's
JBore, 'taint goin' to stop in a hurry;
storm signals flyin'."
"'Oh, the kid can have his parcel
the day after to-morrow; 'taint likely
"Don't you fool yourself into think
ing that. Si; why, Jim says he's as
. ieea as a whetstone, and a reg-lar
good American, allers readin' aboitt
the soldiers that died for the country,
At that moment the door flew open,
and shouts of "Come aboard!"
sreeted the newcomer, a young fel
low, slight and narrow-chested, in
contrast with the sturdy skippers, but
peculiarly lithe and alert. As the
wind swept through ttwe wooden
bnilding, the roll which stood in the
corner fell across the threshold.
'Look out, don't tread on that!
2ts fur the kid at the Ledge; got here
two days ago with special instruc
tions to deliver before the Fourth.
Sounds fine, don't it?" asked a jolly
Saced seaman with a twinkle in his
- "Something for little Dick? , It's
Mr. Saltonstall's writing, and I bet
:. KTa'-a Sag.'?
: '"Yes," the latest arrival added, as
e gave the parcel closer inspection,
course it must be, a long roll like
this, and then this on it, "To be de
livered before the Fourth.' " A long
. -whistle followed these remarks.
"Wall, it's one thing to order it
sent, and it's another to git it there!
City folks don't know nothin' about
sech winds as these," said Silas, with
disgust in his voice.
"It won't be the last Fourth for the
chap that kind allers hangs on,
"What kind?" thundered the voice
r the young skipper. "I don't know
as he's to blame because some fool
chaps nearly burned him to death
seven years ago to-morrow, setJing
!f their firecrackers, and never
THE FOURTH OF JULY PARADE
t Mrs, W. Dsrrrant, New Jersey.
l&iakiBg where they went! The boy's
fceatfs all right; I'd like to have his
trains. Those New Yorkers sent him
a book on Lincoln last winter, and
I'd just lilted you to have heard him
tell cie the whole story."
Toe bad they didn't git that down
earlier," grumbled Dan Farley.
Jira Barnes made no reply. In
be was known as "Silent Jim,"
PEE 5 ''LjLfi
... ? yrTi
and his speech for the little cripple
of Bluff Ledge was the longest that he
had made for many a day.
WThen there were signs that the
company was about ready to disperse,
he strode to the corner, took down
the roll, and said quietly, "I'll see to
"You won't think of goin' sech a
fool trip, Jim? It won't be no sea
fur Bluff Ledge before another forty
eight hours," exclaimed the oldest
captain along the water-front.
"Your boat'll be smashed to smith
ereens, boy!" said SI. "You can't
do it, never!"
Bttlilti tSfttot :
CARPENTER'S HALL, PHILADELPHIA, PA.
Where First Continental Congress Assembled, 1774.
A chorus of "nevers" was heard
from one end of the shanty to the
"The Petrel's seen seas before;
anyway I'm going to try to reach the
Ledge; the wind may fool all of us,
and go down."
The gray heads shook dubiously,
and blunt Captain Brewster said,
"Another Declaration of Independ
ence, by vum!" as Jim strode out into
The next morning found him in his
"sow'wester," and cap drawn over j
his short, curly hair, preparing for
the expedition. He had hoped to
leave the wharf before the usual row
of skippers should be settled in front i
of the fish-houses, but that was the
very day they chose to be down
"You're awful resky, and the game
ain't wuth the candle; the wind's
dead ahead!" shouted Captain Brews
"I know all about it, but I'm bound
to have this flag for this Fourth of
July, and not the next. We've been
told to go through fire and water for
Old Glory, you know, and the Petrel
and I'll try water."
The skippers peered through their
glasses until not a vestige of the frail
craft could be seen, thin SI ex
claimed: "I'm goin' into the tower to watch
him es long es I can. Ef there ain't
a lot of grit in that small parcel, then
my name ain't what It is! But, I
tell you boys, Jim's goin to ketch it!"
For two hours the Petrel seemed
to be making no headway, and not
until the point of land that projected
far out into the sea had hidden the
boat from the captain's sight did the
latter leave the tower, muttering to
himself as be limped down the stairs,
Twan't no use talkin'; when Jlm'i
Jaw Is set that way, we'd might es
well save our powder," but he wa
The skipper of the Petrel was fully
aware of the dangers that were be
fore him. He stowed the roll care
fully away, covered it with an old
"oiler," lighted his pipe, set it firmly
between his lips, then gave himself
to the battle with the wind and wave.
For hours it seemed as though ho
were no nearer Bluff Ledge than two
hours before, and it looked exceed
ingly doubtful how long the Petrel
could last in such a sea, when some
thing loomed up on the unbroken
stretch of ocean the life-boat,
manned by the crew from the station,
It needed skilful management to
go up alongside of the Petrel; but,
after frequent attempts Jim was
pulled aboard, drenched to the skin,
and holding the roll In Its covering.
"What in creation is this? Are you
wild to start out in such a gale?" was
the first question after the Petrel had
been fastened to the life-boat.
"I could have made a landing all
right," said the plucky little fellow,
wheezing a3 he spoke, but with suf
ficient presence of mind not to touch
the whisky that was offered. "No,"
he said, "I'll be all right, and I
mustn't touch a drop of that."
Little Dick who had been anxiously
watehing the angry sea all the fore
noon, scarcely leaving the window
long enough to eat his dinner, had
the greatest surprise in his life when
a dozen men came up the walk to his
home. As soon as he caught sight of
his friend Jim, he turned pale, and
called to his mother, "It's my Jim,
and he has been saved by the
- It was a very jolly wrecking-party
that stood in the little, low room,
while Jim, bashful and conscious, ex
claimed, "I have brought you some
thing for your .Fourth, Dick, and,
thanks, to these men, I've got here
"No, you don't!" they shouted, "he
was coming all right, Dick, but we
helped him along."
Dick trembled as he attempted to
untie the hard knots. "Here, lad,
take my knife there's no time to
fuse there now!" exclaimed one of
the brown-faced men. "That's the
talk my, isn't it a beauty?"
The boy's eyes sparkled, his breath
came in quick gasps as the whole
glory of the Stars and Stripes lay be
fore him. Tenderly his little hands
traced the outline of the stars on their
blue background, while the weather
beaten seamen, with Jim In their
midst, and the delicate .little woman
looked on in admiration.
"Now I'll fetch a pole, and we'll
1 hang it, Dick."
"No, Jim, you sit still," suggested
Dick's mother. "I've got some hot
coffee for you and a piece of steak;
the other men will see to the flag."
How bravely it was flung out on
the piercing northwest gale, while
Captain Sawyer brought forth his
harmonica, and Mrs. James led the
men's voices in "America," in which
little Dick's sweet soprano mingled.
Dick threw his arms around Jim's
neck, and exclaimed, "This is the very
best Fourth of July I ever had, and
all because you brcfught me the flag
The letter that went to the Salton
stalls was so full of the praises of
Jim that, when the family came to
Bluff Ledge in August, the faithful
fellow was engaged to act as their
skipper, and not a year passed but
some token of their esteem was sent
to Dick's color bearer, who had felt
no effort too great to carry to the lit
tle cripple of Bluff Ledge his coun
Little money, much flourish,.
WORK FOR CAROLINES
Extracts From Address of Clarence
Poe, Editor of The Progressive
Farmer and Gazette, Raleigh, N.
C, Before the South Carolina Press
Association, Glenn Springs, S. C,
June 14, 1910.
Both Carolinas noed and must have
a larger proportion" of white people,
The whole South, in fact, is still too
sparsely settled. Our eleven South
ern States, excluding Texas, support
only 16,000,000 people of both races,
and only 10,000,000 white people,
while the same area in Europe sup
ports over 100,000,000 white people.
And it must be remembered that up
to a certain point whieh we shall not
reach for centuries yet, and other
things being equal, prosperity depends
upon density of population. Popula
tion makes wealth, provided that it
is normally intelligent and efficient.
The Sort of Immigration We Need.
Of course, we do not want the lower-class
European immigration. If we
can get immigration from England,
Scotland, Ireland, Germany, Holland,
Sweden, etc., the countries whose
blood has gone to make up our vigor
ous American stock it would be of
great help to us. We are all of us
such immigrants ourselves or descen
dants of such immigrants. From
some countries of Southern and
Eastern Europe, on the other hand,
immigration is of a decidedly lower
order and objectionable because of a
low standard of intelligence and effi
ciency. On the very same principle, how
ever, immigration of a normal or high
standard of intelligence and efficiency
is desired. Such immigration can be
had, and ought to be hatl in some
measure perhaps from our English,
Scotch, Dutch, and Irish kinsfolk
across the sea but chiefly from our i
Northern and Western States. For
years now hundreds of thousands of
the most enterprising and progressive
farmers in the Middle "West have
been going into Canada with its long
hard winters aiid bitter climate, not
only giving up American citizenship,
lat actually paying two to three times
as much for land in that inhospitable
region as land of the same fertility
commands in the South. We ought
to have brought these men to the
South. They know our institutions,
our language, they are industrious,
thrifty, wide-awake, and many of
them are Qf Southern ancestry who
should naturally come back home.
Let's bring them back,
v - Immigration to Solve the Race
If tbrre were no other reason for
advocating., such immigration from
the Noith and West, I should favor
it as our surest deliverance from our
race problem. The proportion of ne
groes to whites is too large in every
Southern State, and my hope is that
ultimately the tides of migration and
immigration will equalize population
until the proportion of negroes in no
Stata will exceed 20 per cent. We
must train the negro the more ignor
ant he is the greater the burden or.
the South but at best the process
will be slow, and at present it would
probably not be too much to say that
in considering our whole population,
including our great constructive lead
ers and captains of industry, the
average negro in the. Carolinas in
economic worth and efficiency is only
half as useful as the average white
man. in otner words, in rating gen
eral average of efficiency we should
put the white man at 100 and the
negro at 50, so that a county half
white and half negro would have an
average efficiency of 75, or a handi
cap of 25 per cent as compared with
a county with an exclusive white
population of a normal degree of
Whether or not the difference is as
much as I have indicated, certain it
is that the larger the proportion of
whites, the higher the average of ef
nciency, the more prosperous will be
our every industry, and the better it
will be for every individual citizen,
including the negroes themselves.
Two Wa73 to Build Up the Carolinas.
There are just two great ways to
build up the Carolinas. First and of
paramount importance is Education
of all our people; and I should only
Bupplement this by putting more ear
nest emphasis upon practical educa
tion,; education that trains for effi
ciency, not education suited to the
great urban centers of Europe and
the North, but education suited to the
needs of a great, awakening agricul
tural citizenship such as ours is and
And second only to Education, is
3,000,000 Instead of 6CO.O00 White
Now let us start riirht not by
reeking immigrants from Southern
Europe, but by advertising our re
sources to the thrifty, ente'rprising
and Progressive farmers of the North
and West men of our own stock who
now only need an invitation to make
them come. Emerson was right when
he said that " every man who comes
into a city with any purchasable
talent or skill in bim give? tfe every
man's labor in the city a new worth,"
and if an ignorant npgro slave in the
old days was wort. $1,000, certainly
we may assume that a thrifty and in
telligent white Westerner, bringing
not only himself, but hi most cases
substantial accumulations as well,
should be worth manv times as much
as an asset to the State.
The last census year North Caro
lina had only 1,200,000 white people.
I It should have 4,000.000. South Car
olina had lees than 600,000 whites
when it should have 3,000,000 and
would then be, even with its 800,000
negroes, only one-third as thickly
settled as Massachusetts! Consider
for a moment how much more in
fluential our papers would be, how
much more important every institu
tion in the State would be, how much
more varied would be our industries,
how much easier it would be to get
good roads in counties in which the
white population is now too small to
maintain them, how easv it would be
to double the usefulness of our pub
lic schools, how quickly we should
build railroads in sections which must
otherwise remain dormant and back
ward for long, long, years how import
ant our cities should become and how
much more attractive would be coun
try life in our thickly settled com
munities, and how much easier it
would be to "get telephones and water
works and trolley lines and local li
biaries and all the advantages of
twentieth century rural life!
Let us take as our watchword "Ed
ucation and Immigration Both of
the Right Sort."
A Dream of South Carolina's Future.
In the last census ar 234,002 na
tive sons and daughters of South
Carolina were living in other, States
(to say nothing of the million sons
and daughters of South Carolina
emigrants), while South Carolina had
received from other States and coun
tries only 00,744 settlers.
For seventy years now our Caro
linians have been going West to build
up the new States of the great empire.
Now let us welcome back their chil
dren and neighbors to help us build
two great, prosperous and populous
Commomvealths, where the masses of
the peopled trained to as high stan
dards of efficiency as anywhere in the
world, shall develop a symmetrical
and well-rounded civilization: a spleri
did and forcible democracy of train
ed, intelligent and thrifty home
owners from among whom shall come
not only a Jefferson and a Marshall,
not onlv a James J. Hill and a
Thomas A. Edison and a Seaman A.
Knapp, not only men whom all the
nation shall know as leaders in indus
try and in public affairs, but poets
and seers, sculptors and artists if
riot a Titian at least a Reynolds or a
Millet, if not a Michael Angelo at
least a St. Gaudens or a Ward, if
not a Shakespeare at least a, Brown
ing or a Tennyson, if not a Savona
rola, at least some great religious
leader who shall put the church into
vital relations to modern thought and
give it a new baptism of spiritual
power all these until our long and
tragic years of war and struggle and
rebuilding shall find their fruitage in
an outburst of achievement such as
our fathers yearned for, and it is
now our high privilege to help bring
"Cotton Leak" Criminals Guilty.
Washington, Special. Moses Haas
of New York and Frederick A. Beck
ham of Cincinnati, after fighting for
five years indictments returned
against them in the cotton leak case
in the department cf agriculture Sat
urday entered pleas of guilty to the
count in the indictment charging
conspiracy to affect- misconduct in
To Employ Ten School Experts.
Washington, Special. Commis
sioner Brown of the United States
bureau of education is satisfied, over
a plan for the enlargement of the
scope of the bureau of education
Avhich is being urged by members of
the Sage Foundation and leading
members of the National Education
association. The plan proposes to
secure an appropriation of $75,000
for the bureau to be used in employ
ing a tsaff of 10 specialists to study,
investigats and consult with local
school men on certcin educational
Senators Get $1,800 Masseur.
Washington, Special. After all
the discussion, which took place in
the Senate while the legislative bill
was being considered over the pro
posed employment of a masseur to
take charge of the elaborate bath
rooms in the marble office building
occupied by senators, they will enjoy
the services of such an attendant.
Nagel to Sit on "The Lid."
When President Taft goes to Bev
erly soon after Congress adjourns he
will leave Secretary Charles Nagel,
of the Department of Commerce and
Labor, who is G feet 3 inches tall and
weighs 100 pounds, to "sit on the
"Roosevelt Paid $500 Duty. -;
New York, Special. Although Col
lector Loeb declined to give out the
exact amount paid by Col. Roosevelt
as duty on bis personal baggage, one
of the customs officials said the
amount was about $500.
Democrats For Harmon For President
Dayton, O., Special. The Demo
cratic party of Ohio goes into the
State campaign this fall with Judson
Harmon as its candidate for Gover
nor E.nd President. The Democratic
State convention which completed its
labors Thursday endorsed him in the
strongest terms for the presidency
of the United States after it had re
nominated him for Governor by acclamation.
FROM COUNTY TO COUNTY
North Carolina News Prepared and
Published For the Quick Perusal ef
North Carolina is Lucky.
The public building bill as it now
stands gives to North Carolina ap
propriations totaling $1,297,500, wlyich
is more than is obtained by any other
The different items as they appear
in the bill, now a law, are:
Wilkesboro . .
Rocky Mount .
, .- 70,000
Total $ 977,500
Items Added by Senator Overman.
Shelby. ;.. $ 10,000
Total $ 320,000
Grand total $1,297,500
Belmont Catholic Church Honored.
A cablegram has been received
from Rome, Italy, which is confirmed
by the apostolic delegation in Wash
ington, I). C, that Belmont Abbey,
at Belmont, has been raised to the
dignity of an "Abbatia .Nullius"
or "Cathedral Abbey," with its own
territory and jurisdiction. This honor
is the highest the Catholic Church
ever confers on any abbey, and Bel
most is the only one of its rank in
North America. There are only eigh
teen abbeys of this class in the entire
This distinguished honor i6 prin
cipally due to the zeal and energy of
the venerable Bishop Haid, who as
"abbot" celebrates his silver jubilee
next October. The canonical erec
tion of the abbey will be formally
promulgated in 'the presence of high
dignitaries of the Church on the
Fifty-Eight Mills Will Curtaii.
Responding to a movement in
augurated by the Gaston County
Spinners' Association, Saturday, rep
resentatives of fifty-eight cotton mills
met at Gastonia and signed aa
agreement to shut -down for four
weeks in July and August.
This plan of curtailment means
that -between 000,000 and 700,000
spindles will be idle during that
period, and that one million pounds
of yarn and cloths" will be taken off
the market weekly for a month.
The fifty-eight mills represented are
located in Gaston, Mecklenburg, Ca
tawba, Lincoln and Cleve'md boun
ties, this States and York county, S.
C. This radical action was deemed
necessary as a matter of self-protection.
It is believed that other mills
in the State will follow suit, and
that the curtailment, once . generally
put into effect, will save the situa
That Interesting Boundary Dispute.
The hearing in the suit in the
United States Supreme Court in
volving the boundary line between
North Carolina and Tennessee which
began at Murphy Monday has been
concluded and the next taking of
testimony 'will take plaee at Ashe
ville July 6. Following this there
will be hearings in . Kflsjrrville and
perhaps one or two other Tennessee
places. The section involved in the
suit is in the extreme western part
of the Stale, being the lines of
Cherokee and Graham counties in
Of such importance was this litiga
tion that the United States Supreme
Court granted an order allowing
North Carolina to bring an original
bill of complaint in the Supreme
Court and after the testimony is con
cluded it will be submitted to the
court and arguments had. North
Carolina alleges that Tennessee has
several thousand acres of land which
should under certain suveys belong
to North Carolina.
One of the features of the hear
ings is the taking of a large number
of depositions and June 30 is sched
uled as the date for taking the de
position of Rope Twister Connessee,
a Graham county Indian, who is 102
years cf age.
Great Hunting Ground Established.
J. G. Statcn has leased Coedine
Swamp, lying along the banks of
Roanoke river in.. Bertie county, for a
hunting ground. It is well stocked
with squirrels, turkeys, possum, coons
Land deer. A warden will be employ
ed to protect rt from depredation.
Senator Overman Gets Appointment.
Senator Overman was appointed
chairman of the committee on the
part of the Senate to represent the
United States at the centennial cele
bration of the republic of Mexico
at the City of Mexico on the 16th of
September. There are two other
Senators on the' committee. This will
give Mr. Overman a plasant junket
to our Southern neighbor.