Ill Ail (ilVES CHOICE
OF EXECUTION MODE
Law Permits Convicted Men to
Cecido Eetween Hanging
Utah is the only State in the Union
here a man may be shot instead of
hanged for the crime of murder un
der civil law.
Adherence to the old Scriptural
Idea of blood atonement on the part
of the Mormons has given this State
a Tinique law by. which a man con
demned to die for taking the life of
. another may choose between being
shot or being hanged.
The provision of the statutes re
garding election as to a criminal's
manner of death is as follows:
"The punishment of death must be
Inflictei by hanging the defendant
by the neck until he is dead or by
shooting him, at his election. If the
defendant neglect or refuse to make
the election the Court at the time of
Tendering the sentence must declare
the mode and enter the same as a
part of this judgment."
Eleven legal executions have taken
place in Utah since it was admitted
aa a territory, in l&oO. All have
been shooting except one.
One of the most notable executions
In this State was that of Peter Mor
tensen. who was shot November 20,
1902. for the murder of John Hay.
The murder was a .brutal one, for
the sake of robbery, and the body of
the Ticlim was concealed in a neg
lected pasture. The death penalty
was inflicted on Mortensen in the
?-ard of the State prison of Utah in
Salt Lako City. A description of the
execution by an eye witness will give
a good idea of the method of carry
ing out the death sentence in Utah:
"The death chair was placed
against the east wall of the prison
enclosure, facing a driveway. It was
a common office chair with arms. It
was set upon a platform about four
feet square, constructed of new
boards. Behind the structure was
a box-like structure five feet high
and two feet thick. This was filled
with dirt, its purpose being to catch
the bullets after they had passed
throush the prisoner's body, to pre
vent their glancing from the wall
and endangering the lives of specta
tors. "Just opposite the dcr.tb. chair,
across the driveway, which is fifty
feat wide, is a low brick building,
about one hundred feet long north
and south, used as the prison black
smith shop. Double doors opened
on the driveway. These were pushed
aside on the day of the execution
and a curtain of denim hung in their
place. At the height -of a man's
shoulder five round holes had been
cut at regular intervals, and a foot
or so higher other holes of irregular
shape appeared. Behind this curtain
were stationed the executioners.
Their identity was known only to the
warden of the penitentiary, the sher
iff and a few trusted deputies. .
A wire at the north end, of the
blacksmith shop, extending to the op
posite wall, shut off the spectators.
Just outside of the wire were tables
and chairs for newspaper reporters.
'Before the arms of the prisoner
JW.ere strapped to the chair with new
leather- straps .he shock hands all
around with the guards, but he could
not see whose hand he was shaking.
His ankles were then strapped to the
lower rounds of the chair.
"The time of the strapping seemed
interminable. After a final test of
the straps to see that they were se
curely fastened, the officials retreated
'to the south, leaving an open space
between the chair and the black--smith
shop, with its suggestive black
"Mcrtensen's head alone was free.
It was slightly inclined forward. He
could not see the curtained ambush
with its threatening black apertures.
Perhaps his strained hearing may
have caught the sound as the black
nosed rifles five of them were
pushed through the openings and
leveled at the white piece of paper
pinned over the doomed man's heart.
The rifles had been loaded by the
sheriff, four of them with fatal bul
lets and the fifth with a blank car
tridge. The executioners did not
know which gun carried the blank
load, so that none would know
whether or not he had helped carry
the death sentence into effect.
"Blinded and helpless, the prisoner
must have awaited in awful suspense
the winged death. No one moved or
spoke. The sheriff gave the firing
signal. A sudden crash came, accom
panied by jets of flame from the rifle
muzzles. No smoke appeared, as
smokeless powder was used. A phy
sician hastening to the prisoner's
aide found that his pulse had ceased."
The second execution in Utah's
history was spectacular. It was that
of John D. Lee, who was connected
: with the famous Mountain Meadow
massacre, which is one of the great
est blots on Utah's history. One
hundred emigrants on their way from
the East to California, in 1S57, were
murdered by Lee and his band in
Iron County, Utah. Only a few chil
dren of the party were spared. Lee's
band was composed of Indians, and
they were helped by Higbee's bat
talion of the Nauvoo Legion.
It was twenty years after the deed
was committed before Lee suffered
the penalty for i.'..( Then he was ex
ecuted by shooting on the scene of
the massacre, seated in his coffin.
The doomed man was taken from the
Beaver County Jail, where he had
v-tch v-iuscij suaruea, piacea m it
closed carriage and driven rapidly to
the place of execution, several miles
distant. A company of soldiers from
r ort Cameron foraied an escort for
the officials who had Leo in charge.
Mob violence was fearea, so intense
was the resentment of the fiendish
Seated on his coffin, with his eyes
bound, five rifles were aimed at his
heart. The aim was true, and as
the shots rang out Lee fell bak in
his coffln dead.
In his dying speech he said thnt
he was not afraid to die. His only
regret was in leaving his wife and
children. He said that he believed
that Brigham Young was leading the
people astray, but thought that the
doctrine of the Mormon Church led
THE MOST USKFUL THING.
Package of Table Salt Handiest
Article in Common Use.
Of all the condiments known to
modern cookery, salt is the most nec
essary and universally used. But in
dispensable as is salt in the kitchen,
It is equally useful in the sick room,
laundry and for general household
purposes in fact, from garret to cel
lar, so to speak, salt is an ever-ready
and resourceful adjunct to good
A weak solution of salt and warm
water is a good remedy for colds in
the head, sore throat or tender gums,
used either as a soray, gargle or
mouth wash; it is also a good and
For bleeding of the lungs it is very
efficacious, a large tablespoonful in a
glass of cold water "to be taken free
ly." For intestinal disturbances salt is
an excellent addition to the enema, as
it both cleanses and acts as a tonic.
A tablespoonful of salt in a glass
of hot water, sipped on an empty
stomach, is a cure for constipation.
To break the acidity in cranberries
add a pinch of salt.
Some claim that a pinch of salt
added to boiled coffee improves its
Hot salt bags relieve neuralgia,
earacre. and toothache, and clothes
wrung out of hot salt water should be
applied to all sprains and strained
muscles. Salt water foot baths, hot
or cold, are helpful for swollen or
tired feet, and children with weak
backs and ankles should have a gen-"
tie salt water rub once a day.
Every well - equipped laundry
should have a jar of salt among its
assets. Immerse all handkerchiefs
and bloody clothes in cold water be
fore washing; it eliminates all un
pleasant features and stains. Put a
little salt in the starch to give it
gloss. Salt added to water in which
colored clothes are washed holds th
color. If salt is put in the . rinsing
water, clothes do not freeze so readily
when hung out in winter.
Salt on a piece of paper makes a
good polish for fiaUirons.
To remove' ttfst spots, wet with
vinegar, qover with salt and expose
to tlje sun; repeat until the stains are
drawn out. Salt with vinegar is goor.
to' clean brass, bottles and stainea
cruets. Always add salt to the water
kept in cuspidors.
Coarse salt moistened with ammo
nia if spread on the carpet before
sweeping will both clean it and re
store its color.
Use salt water to wash matting,
and put salt in water to wash win
dows in winter to prevent them from
If food has been spilled in the oven
cover with salt at once to prevent un
pleasant odor. When the fire is low
a little salt strewn over embers often
revives it. Salt is used to thaw frozen
water pipes, and if sprinkled on the
door-steps and outer stairs when cov
ered with ice they are easily kept
clean. In the fall strew salt on the
flower beds after the bulbs and flow
ers are taken up; this destroys, the
seeds and roots of the crop of weeds;
during the winter salt disintegrates
and when the beds are dug up it has
some value as a fertiliser.
By this list you will see the im
portance of this simple mineral and
the necessity of always keeping the
salt cellar well filled.
Fred Dumont Smith, of Hutchin
son, tells that he was fishing once ta
Lake Killarney. The only evidences
he found of the finny tribe ever hav
ing inhabited that body of water was
a rumor circulating about that Brian
McCarty, or a man of some such
name, had captured a salmon there
along about 15 0 B. C.
But Smith determined to fish any
way, and hired a guide to show him
the good places. He fished quite a
while and got not even a nibble.
"Guide, are there any fish In this
lake?" demanded Smith.
"Lashins iv thim," was the prompt
"Shure," responded thb guide, but
in a confidential tone. "Shure, lots iv
thim. If yer wor here in March ye'd
see thim lapin' all over the lake."
Smith decided to wait until March.
Kansas City Journal.
Only the Kick Counted.
"What're ye comin home with yom
milk pail empty for?" demanded the
farmer. "Didn't the old cow give
"Yep," replied his chore boy; "nine
quarts and one kick." Metropolitan
Cook together two cups of light
Mown sugar, one cupful thick cream,
two squares of chocolate (grated)
ind a teaspoonful of butter, until it
;ets waxy when dropped in cold wat
?r; add vanilla to taste, take from the
3re and beat until thick and creamy;
pread a buttered pan with English
ivalnut meats, cover with the candy
ind cut into squares when nearly cooL
Emma Paddock Telford.
The famous Norwegian fishballs are
made in this way: A round of any
raw white meat fish is freed from tho
bone and flaked. Then the dish is
worked smooth with an egg, a dessert
jpoonful of - cornstarch, the same
tuantity of wheat flour, a dash of pap
rika and salt. "When the mixture is
smooth, a cupful of milk is added and
:he paste is made into smooth balls
ihaped with a spoon. The balls are
;ooked in stock from the boiled fish
Jor.es. They need only a very few
ninutes' cooking. Serve them with a
vhite sauce. New York Sun.
These good, old-fashioned, home
nade pickles, which our grandmoth
rs patterned after East Indian prep
irations, are again in the height of
rastronomic style, and the woman
vho knows how to make them may be
jure that they will never go to waste
n her hands. They may be made
!rom small green melons, water or
nusk melons, green tomatoes, large
mcumbers, peppers, peaches any
!ruit, in fact, from which the inside
feeds or stone can be removed, the
:avity filled with a sweet or sour
pickle mixture and the opening closed
jo as to give the appearance of a
-hole fruit. When melons are used,
:ut out a wedge large enough to scoop
)ut the seeds and soft portions.
For peppers or green tomatoes, cut
i circular piece from the stem end
ind remove the seeds. Then put the
pieces in place again and soak over
light in brine. In the morning drain,
'.aking pains to keep the separated
parts of the same fruit or vegetables
:ogether. For the filling use firm
vhite cabbage, chopped very fine, with
i quarter a? much celery, cucumber,
;reen -tomato or green peppers.
Sprinkle well with salt E.hd 'stand
iside for several hours.
Drain, and to each pint of the veg
etables add a small onion, a few nas
turtium seeds, a teaspoonful of mus
tard seed and salt, pepper, ginger,
.loves, allspice and cinnamon to taste.
Mix thoroughly, fill the cavities, pack
ing in closely, fit in the pieces that be
long in and wrap firmly with twine.
Cover with vinegar and let the pickle
stand over night. In the morning
heat all together and simmer for half
an hour. Remove carefully, put in a
3tone jar and cover with cold vinegar.
The next morning pour off the vine
gar and allow a half cup of sugar to
each quart of the vinegar. Scald and
pour over the mangoes. Repeat the
scaldings for several mornings, and
when quite cold covernd set away
In a cool piace.--New York Telegram.
. Oriental embroideries in rich col
ors, embodying1 the Egyptian lotus
flower, make effective porch cushions
and table covers.
If a bottle of pennyroyal is left un
corked in a room over night, not a
mosquito or any other blood sucker
wil be seen in the morning.
No sandwiches for the afternoon
tea will be found more popular than
the thin brown bread ones spread
with cream cheese and bar-le-duc
A spoonful of water added to the
white of an egg before beating in
creases the amount of froth; a pinch
of salt hastens its coming to the de
A few drops of paraffin added to
the shoe blacking will impart a good
polish to shoes, even though they are
damp. It also acts as a preservative
to the leather.
For sick headache lay a cold wet
cloth on the stomach with dry flannel
over it. Put the feet into hot mus
tard water and swallow a few spoon
fuls of lemon juice.
Try a bicycle pump for cleaning the
dust from such portions of the sewing
machine as cannot -well be reached
with a cloth. The pump is fine foi
cleaning tufted upholstered furniture,
A nice way to clear the atmosphere
of a room is to place a lamp of cam
phor in a saucer and apply'a very hoi
poker to it. This will cause strong
fumes to rise and clear the air verj
The strawberries left from a pre
vious day may be scalded with sugai
and made into flummery to' be served
with whipped cream. For a cupful
of the fruit use a cupful of water and
thicken with a rounding tablespoonful
of cornstarch which has been rubbed
smootn in a little water. Sweeten tt
taste and turn cut ccoL
i c ;v 1 1.
j POOR RICHARD'S MAXIMS.
; Franklin's Proverbs of Thrift Espe
j cially Applicable at This Time.
i If a postal savings bank is estab
lished on the proposed lines, it might
Se well to recognize on the deposit
:ard and on the bonds that are to be
Issued the wholesome maxini3 of
Pranklin, the first American philoso
pher. Poor Richard's sayings would
(n this way have a deservedly wide
jirculatlon and would bo read by the
plain people greatly to their advan
tage as they were read in the early
3ays of the Republic. Here are some
of these maxims, taken from the
Pennsylvania almanac for 17uS, of
which Benjamin Franklin, under the
pseudonym of Richard Sanders, was
editor and publisher.
Many words will not fill a bushel.
God helps them who help theni-
The used key is always bright.
Do not squander time; time is the
stuff that life is made of.
The sleeping fox catches no poul
try. "Time enough," always proves lit
He that rise-th late must trot all
day and shall scarce overtake his
business at night.
Laziness travels so slowly that pov
erty soon overtakes him.
Drive .thy business; let not thy
business drive thee.
Early to bed and early to rise make
a man health, wealthy and wise.
He that lives upon hope will die
Industry pays debts.
Diligence is the mother of good
One to-day is worth two to-morrows.
Have you something to do to-morrow,
do it to-day.
The cat in gloves catches no mice.
Little strokes fell great oaks.
Employ thy time well if thcu mean
est to gain leisure.
Since thou are not sure of a minute
'do not throw away an hour.
Trouble springs from idleness and
Grievous toil from needless ease.
Fly pleasures and they will follow
Three removes are as bad as a fire.
Want of care does mere damage
than want of knowledge.
Not to oversee workmen is to leave
them thy purse open.
If thou wouldst have a faithful ser
vant and one that thou liksst, serve
For want of a nail the shoe was lest; I
For want cf a shoe the horse was
For want of a horse the rider was
Eeing overtaken and slain by
All for want of 'care about a horse
What maintains one vice would
bring up two children.
Many a little make a mickle.
Fools make feasts and wise men eat
Wise men learn by others' harms.
When the well Is dry they know the
need of water.
WTouldst thou know the value of
money try to borrow some.
He that goes a-borrowing goes
Pride is as loud a beggar as Want :
and a great deal more saucy.
Pride that dines on Vanity sups on
Pride breakfasted with Plenty,
dined with Poverty and supped with
The second vice is lying; the first
is running into debt.
Lying rides upon Debt's back.
It is hard for an empty bag to stand
Creditors have better memories
They have a short Lent who owe
money to bo paid at Easter.
Experience ke3ps a dear school, but
ools will learn in no other, and
scarcely in .that.
Plow hard while sluggards sleep,
and you shall have corn to' sell and
He that by the plow would thrive,
himself must either hold cr drive.
Our Need of Water.
Physiologists tell us that the ani
mal body consists of almost eighty
per cent, of water. Admitting this to
be true, it would seem plausible that
this quantity is necessary in order to
carry on the normal physiological
processes of the animal economy in
proper condition. For similar rea
sons it would also appear plausible
that should this quantity in any way
be greatly reduced or diminished,
either through normal processes of
the body or through abnormal pro
cesses, this lost quantity must imme
diately be re-supplied. Should such
a withdrawal of water be permitted
to be unduly prolonged the disorders
will assume such grave dimensions
that life itself may ultimately be
terminated. Elasticity and pliability
of muscles, nerves, cartilage, tendons
and even bones depend mainly on the
amount of water they contain. Water
also serves as a distributor of bodily
heat and regulates the body temper
ature by the physical process of ab
sorption and elimination. Under nor
mal conditions and in a proper de
gree of health this supply is .ordin
arily furnished partly by the food
and partly by the drink we are dally
consuming. An over-indulgence in
the use of water provided it is not
carried to excess will seldom, if
ever, be productive of any deleterious
consequences. Medical Record.
What is believed to be the bigcrest
shark on record was caught in San
Pedro, Cal., not long ago. It meas
ured thirty-five feet in length.
With the Funny
Slow Kut Sure.
"Fly with me:" her lover pleaded,
As he pressed her to elope;
But his wishes went unheeded.
For she calmly answered: "Nope!
Not while 'aeros.' as at present.
Are so apt to plunge and balk;
Cut," said she. "the weather's pleasant;
Don't you think we'd better walk?"
Nixjn Waterman, in Lippineott's.
In Quiet Company.
Aunt Martha, the short-sighted
(after a five hours' wait by the side
of the tailor's dummies) " Well, if
this theatre doesn't open soon, I shall
go somewhere else." Sketch.
"That's a fine pair of vases. What
are they made out of bronze or cop
"I made those out of rubber, my
boy!" London Opinion.
It All Depends.
"Do drummers really get business
by telling funny stories?" '
"Depends altogether upon the cus
tomer," replied thb traveling sales
man. "Sometimes I tell funny stories
and sometimes I abust the trusts."
Visitor "So th's town is strongly
pposed to corporal punishment?"
Waiter "Yes, sir. Why, mister,
aey don't even let us serve whipped
cream." New York Evening Tele
gram. Three Acts and an Injunction.
"Has Mullet secured a copyright on
his frisky comedy?"
"He gets the injunction first."
"The injunction to prevent the po
lice from stopping the performance."
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Had Yachts of Their Own.
McCarthy was boasting of the
prominence of his family in bygone
ages. "But there were no McCarthys
in Noah's Ark," said O'Brien.
"No," said McCarthy, "our family
was very exclusive in thos9 days and
had yachts of their own." National
A Great Help.
"I look forward to having a great
garden this year."
"You do? Bought some new vari
eties or seeds?"
"No, but I've found a man in the
neighborhood who cwns a wheelbar
row, and that will be a great help."
Detroit Free Press.
"Don't you think a man ought to
admit it when he is wrong?"
"As a matter of theory," replied
Senator Sorghum, "I do. But I've ob
served at baseball contests that the
public would rather see the game go
ahead than wait for the umpire to
straighten out a poor decision."
"What do you think of these new
palaces I have been rearing?" asked
Mr. Dustin Stax.
"Magnificent," replied the cynic.
"Yet," he proceeded, with a visible
effort to be modest, "this early pomp
reminds me that all the world is a
"Right. And the modern tendency
Is to make up with fine scenery for
The Simple Idfc.
A traveler in Georgia qbserved a
big negro leaning heavily against a
fence in the shade of a cottonwood
tree. Drawing rein, he inquired:
The negro showed disgust.
"Tiahed? Who, me? No, suh Ah'm
not tiahed. Ah'm a hoein' this yere
patch of co'n, an' Ah'm waiting, foh
the sun to git down so's Ah kin go
"So you lost your watch. Did you
report it to the detectives?" asks the
"Yes. Just came from headquar
ters," answers the man.
"Got any suspicions as to who took
"I didn't have until after the ser
geant got through questioning me
about it. Now I suspect myself of
.ealing it." Chicago Post.'
Cured by Lydia E. Pink
ham's Vegetable Compound
Baltimore, Md. "For four years
my life wa3 a misery to mo. I sulfered
ties, terrible drag
ness, and that all
prone feeling in my
stomach. I had
given up hope of
ever being well
'when I began to
take Lydia E. Pink
I felt as though
new life had been
given me, and I am recommending it
to all mv friends." Mrs. W. S. Ford,
2207 W. 'Franklin St., Baltimore, Md.
The most successful remedy in this
country for the cure of all forms of
female complaints is Lydia E-. Pink
ham's Vegetablo Compound. It has
stood the test of years and to-day is
more widely and successfully used than
any other female remedy. It has cured
thousands of women who have bten
troubled with displacements, inflam
mation, ulceration, fibroid tumors, ir
regularities, periodic pains, backache,
that bearing-down feeling, flatulency,
Indigestion, and nervous prostration,
alter all other means had failed.
If you are suffering from any of these
ailments, don't give up hope until you
have given Lydia E. Pinkham's Vege
table Compound a trial.
If you would like special advieo
write to Mrs. Pinkham, Lynn,
Mass.. for i. She lias guided
thousands w liealta, free of
Get together, agree on a policy, se
lect representatives to put that policy
into effect, and you will have good
roads. , ' So.-30-10.
For flEADAril E-Illrka' CAPVDINB
Whether from Colds. Heat, Stomach f
Nervous Troubles, Caimdine will relieve you.
It's liquid pleasant to take acts Immedi
ately. Tit It, 10c, 2sc and 60c at drag
When a man dresses like a slouch
it's a pretty good sign that lie either
ought to get married or get divorced.
Mrs.Winslow's Soothing Syrup for Children
teething, softens the jums, reduces inflamma
tion, allays pain, cure wind colic, 25c. a bottle.
A good road is to a country district
what a paved street is to the city
property that adjoins it. It makes
business for that neighborhood.
For lied, ItchingEyelids, Cysts, Styes,
Falling Kyelnslies and All Eyes That Need
Care, Try Murine Eye Salve. Aseptic
Tubes, Trial Size. 25c. Ask Your Druggist
or Write Murine Eye itcmedy Co., Chicago.
PROFIT IN DECORATIONS.
Prosperous Business Done by the
Russian Chancery In Giving Out ,
A suspicion prevails among Rus
sians that the chancery of the im
perial court does a prosperous busi
ness in conferring the order and dec
orations which the Czar showers with
special profusion on favored subjects
at the Orthodox Easter season Just
closed. Recently the St. Petersburg
Official Gazette printed the names of
4,226 persons entitled to wear ne
stars and ribbons or a higher class
of the decoration they already pos
sessed. Since a year ago the Order of St.
Andrew, the highest In the empire,
has been conferred on only eight per
sons, including the Mikado's cousin.
Prince Fushlmi of Japan; KO digni
taries received the order of Alexander
Nevski, 44 the order of the White
Eagle, 5 the first class of the Vladi
mir Order, S2 the second class and
527 the third and 804 the fourth
class. It is more particularly a mili
tary decoration. There were 1TD re
cipients of the first class of 'the Or
der of St. Anne, 1904 of the second
class and 4.0G9 of the third class.
In the first class of the Stanislas
Order there were 391 appointmen.v
In the second 2,547 and in the third
In the high up decorations in Rus
sia, which, as Lord George Bentlnck
said of the Order of the Garter, have
"no damned nonsense about merit
connected with them," there is no
suspicion of any pecuniary consider-
with cream or mi IK.
The smile that-iollows will
last all day
"The Memory Lingers"
Sold by Crocera,
Pkgs. IOc ai4 15c
POSTUM CEREL COMPANY. Ltd
BatUa Creek. K'tch.