Ciea Year, in Adraac.
"FOR GOD, FOR COUNTRY AND FOR TRUTH."
PLYMOUTH, N. C. FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1910.
; NO; 15.
f - t ! fi l Vi MA
IT SPELLS SUCCESS
Great Knoxvifle Show Is Now
WILL RUN 'FOR. THIRTY DAYS.
The Exposition Eegins Business Free
of Debt and Money" In Bank An
Unusual 'iidition. .",
Knoxville, Tenn. The Appalach
ian exposition, in tha preparation of
which Knoxville and the entire
Southern Appalachian region has been
engaged for the past eleven months,
was 'formally opened Monday. The
exposition is completein every par
'' ticular, thus pi;. an exception
The exposition begins without ow
ing a dollar, there being no mort
gages "upon its gate receipts, but
money in bank to its credit.
This, President Oliver said, argued
for the success of the enterprise.'
The formal opening was followed
by the opening of the midway jungle,
presenting forty-five amusement at
tractions of high type. The aviation
tournament, to continue daily during
the thirty days of the exposition,
was begun .- by the ascension of
StrobeJ's dirigible balloon and Cole
man's balloon., Brook's band of
Chicago gave splendid concerts from
( the $20,000 marble band stand erect
ed, as the permanent exhibit of the
marble industry of Tennessee.
The live stock exhibition, one of
the most complete ever seen in the
South, was opened with several hun
dred entries showing the various high
grades of stock produced in the Ap
palachian region. The minerals and
forestry, women's negro, agricultural
and,, liberal arts and fine arts build
ings were thronged by thousands. It
is now estimated that at'least 400,000
people will pass through the ' gates
during the 30 days it is to run.
The special railroad rates of one
cent per mile are now on.
Preaehers Oppose Prohibition.
Jacksonville, Fla. Seven hundred
well-known Floridians, who favor
local option, the preservation of the
State constitution and oppose the
adoption of the proposed amendment
providing for State-wide prohibition
representing every county in the
- State, met here Thursday and effect
ed a State organization to take
charge of and conduct the campaign,
which will be seriously waged in
every county of the State from now
until the closing of the polls on No
vember 8. Among those in attend
ance at the meeting were preaehers,
professional men, merchants, farmers,
many of them being men , who stand
high in the councils of the Democrat
ic party and in State and Church af
fairs. Son Must Weigh 150 Pounds.
Cleveland. If Mrs. Julia Knes
hoek. of this city, allows her son Ed
ward, 19 years old, to weigh less than
150 "pounds she will be arrested on a
negdect charge, Police Judge Levine
Tij-o months ago Mrs. Knesbeek
had tlOboy arrested on a vagrancy
charge. When brought into court he
was thin and emaciated and weighed
only 120 pounds. Witnesses testified
that the mother starved him, and the
Judge, dismissing the case, gave the
boy into a frien,d-B care.
Young Knesbeek was brought into
court again Saturday and weighed.
, He troped the scales at 154 pounds.
The Judge returned the boy to his
mother with a warning to give Mm
plenty of food, although she protested
sho did not want him.
Great Market For Apples.
Washington. American apples
tempt the English buyer. In proof of
this statement Albert W. S. Walm,
American consul at Southampton, re
ports that a shipment of apples from
the Wentaehee section of the State of
"Washington commanded a higher
price than any other American apple
ever offered in the open English mar
ket. Much of the shipment sold at
from 8 to 12 cents a -ound and eager
ly taken at that price.
Pheonix, Ariz. Complete returns
from the election of delegates to the
Arizona Constitutional Convention
confirm reports of the overwhelming
victory of the Democrats. They have
elected a total of thirty-six dele-gates
cut of fifty-two, the Republicans have
The result makes certain the incor
poration of the principle. of direct
1 eolation tha initiative, referen
dum and recall i'i the new State Con
stitution and forecasts its probable
adoption by t.I; e voters cf Jl:t SMte.
Remarkable and Wonderful Scheme
to Commercialize Atmosphere.
Greenville, S. C. The first plant
in the United States to manufacture
commercial fertilizers from the at
mosphere will be established at Great
Palls, S. C. The announcement comes
from the Southern Power company
that a 4,000-horsepower. plant is to
'be built at "once at that place, where
is located the site of the great hydro
electrical development of the com
It is impossible to enter into the
details of the several processes where
by' fertilizers may be produced trom
the air. It is an electro-chemical pro
cess which centres about the forcing
of atmosphere through flame at high
temperature thus producing that gas
N 02, which with the addition ox wa
ter H2 O in certain proportions gives
nitric acid, or H. N. 03. The atmos
phere is forced in -a ' pipo through
flame .where it is said to be "fixed"
and then before it is allowed to revert
is caught and by the proper mixture
of water 'nitric acid is seedred. By
subjecting these gases to limestone a
very valuable compound used in com
mercial fertilizers is secured, namely
nitrate of lime. The process is said
not to 'be extraordmaily diffleujt and
as soon as the practical details are
worked out it will he comparatively
simple. That nothing coukl be done
until the high temperature" was pro
curable is evident. And the great
hydro-electrical development of this
general section removes this most im
Some idea of the great saving may
be approximated when' it is recalled
that North Carolina used 540,000 tons
of fertilizer last year and South Car
olina used 700,000 tons or about !,
214,000 tons in the Oarolinas. Of this
amount about 30 per cent, oi , 4vilv
000 tons were used in the Piedmont
section. This fertilizer retailed at
about $25 a ton or $31,000,000 for tha
two States, or $10,000,000 for ihe
Piedmont section. And the use of
commercial fertilizer is on the in
crease. Where formerly but 500 and
600 pounds to the acre were used,
there are now' from 1,000 to 2,000
pounds required. The trend of agri
cultural efforts istoward intensive
farming rather than extensive and
the inevitable outcome of more corn
mercial fertilizer per acre. And then,
too, the time is not far distant when
the supply of ingredients that go to
make up commercial fertilizer will be
sorely imparled and that too at a
time when most needed. According
to the report of experts the Chile
saltpeter bed of South America, where
is secured the greater part of the
nitrate of soda supply, will be ex
hausted in 15-or 20 years and then
some other source will have to be
discovered. Hence the importance of
the vast pioneer work now under
way by the Southern - Power com
pany. Lashed a White Woman Convict.
Atlanta, Ga. For -whipping Annie
Claire, a white woman, in the Fulton
f emale convict camp, Dr. O. O. Fan
ning, a deputy warden, was Saturday
reprimanded by the' State prison
The question of dismissing Dr. Fan
ning was before the commission, but
the lighter penalty was imposed when
it was testified that the punishment
was not cruelly 'administered. A wo
man witness said that the skin was
not broken, that the marks outlined
by the strap were such as might , be
found on a child after a whipping.
Dr. Fanning told the commission
that "cussing and obscenity" by the
prisoner were the reasons for the
Gen. Clement A. Evans, member of
the commission, made the statement
that the whipping of a white woman,
while not directly against the rules of
the prison commission, is against
Utah Democrats Vote "Dry."
Provo, Utah. The Democratic
State plaforra adopted at the State
convention demands prohibition
law, direct primary elections, the
election of United States Senators by
popular vote, the initiative and refer
endum and recall, and a tariff com
mission. The conservation plank adovates co
operation between the State and Nat
ional Governments and the widest use
of public lands for settlement 'and
Streets Flooded With Beer.
Fort Wayne. Ind. A vat at a brew
ery here collapsed while Workmen
were repairing . its foundation. The
vat contained 1S.00O gallons of beer,
which poured through the streets.
The workmen were caught in the
rush and were rescued withdiflieulty
from drowning. The beer found an
outlet in the sewer," which showed a
:;: 1 of more than three feet when it
discharged the "suds" in the Mau
FIGURES OE CENSUS
Southern Towns on The Jump
GREAT GAINS OVER 1900 COUNT
Census Publication Showing Popula
tion of Many Southern Cities-r-The
Steady March of Dixie. ;
Washington. The census bureau
has issued an interesting publication
showing the population of many
Southern ciiies in 1890 and 1900 and
giving the percentage of increase foi
that period. By a close study of this
tabulation the present population of
any of the enumerated cities may be
figured out with practical accuracy.
This publication shows 'the following
results so far as Southern towns and
cities are concerned:
"City. 1900 1890 1890-1900
Augusta, Ga. ..39,441 33,300 18.4
Birmingham ..38,415 26,178 16.7
Charleston ....55,807 54,955 1.6
Oha)ttanooga . . 30,154 29,100 3.6
Dallas, Tex. . .42,638 38,067 12.0
Fort Worth ...26,688 23,760 15.7
Galveston 37,789 20,084 29.9
Houston ..... .46,633 27,557 62.0
Jacksonville. ..28,429 ,17,201 65.3
Knoxville .... 32,637 22,535 44.8
Lexington, Ky. 26,369 21,567 22.3
Mobile 38,469 31,076. 23.8
Montgomery . .30,346 21,889 38.7
Nashville 80,865 76,168 6.2
Norfolk 46,624 34,871 33.7
Richmond 85,050 81,388 4.5
San Antonio ..53,321 37,673 41.5
Savannah 54,244 43,189 25.6
Besides Norfolk and Richmond, in
Virginia, Roanoke, Charlottesville,
Petersburg, Portsmouth and Danville,
are expected to keep pace with
Lynchburg, which has already show
ed a big gain over the figures for
' North Carolina will show that
Charlotte, perhaps, has made as large
a percentage in gains as any other
city of its size in the country. Her
textile industries have grown at such
a wonderful rate during the last ten
years that the "Queen City". is ex
pected to show double what she had
in 1900 about 18,000. Then there
is Raleigh,' Greensboro, Salisbury,
Lexington, - High Point, Asheville,
Wilmington, Fayetteville, Durham,
Goldsboro and other smaller towns
which are expected to swell the
State's total population.
In South Caro'Iina the race among
the "Piedmont" towns Greenville,
Anderson, Spartanburg, Union, Lau
rens and Greenwood for supremacy,
is an interesting one. No less keen is
the speculation also concerning the
figures for Charleston, Columbia,
Sumter, Orangeburg, Florence, New
berry and a dozen smaller towns
which are making rapid industrial
In Georgia, Rome, Albany, Quit
man, Macon, Athens, Elberton, Au
gusta, Savannah, Brunswick, Colum
bus, and in fact, many others of
smaller size are expected to follow, at
least in a measure, the rapid pace set
In Tennessee and Alabama the
same story of commercial progress
comes. In the, former State the fig
ures for Clhattanoozaj, KnoxyiHe,
Memphis, and Nashville are expect
ed to be entirely satisfactory but it
is in the smaller towns that larger
gains are looked for. The steady
march of progress all over "Dixie"
is soon to he shown in the returns
now in course of preparation.
Can't Bar Leper's Children.
Lansing, Mich. That the four
daughters of John Jensen, a leper iso
lated at Calumet, Mich., cannot be ex
cluded from the public schools is the
conclusion of Attorney-General Kuhn.
It is his opinion he states that thor
ough examination has revealed no J
trace of. the disease in the daughters,
and that they will not be, a menace in
the schools if they are disinfected, Te
moved from their fathsr and mother.
and kept away from them during the
What Alabama Convicts Did. ,
Montgomerv, Ala. For the four
years ending August 31, la-t, the Ala
bama State convict department was
turned into Me State treasury a lift
revenue of $1,706,695.87 or mora than
$400,000 annually. The gross re
ceipts from ' the leasing of the con
victs, averaging 2,500 a. year, were
$3,075,708.03 for the four years, the
disbursements' incident to. their keep
amounting to $2,269,072.16.
The death rate among the State
convicts in the four rear period was
less than one and one-half per cent.
His Case to the Presidential Cabinet
on September 26. ,
Washington. Whether Richard A.
Ballinger's resignation as Secretary
of the ' Interior, will . follow imme
diately upon the meeting of the Cab
inet September 26 to attend which
he as now en route from -Seattle, or
whether he will retain his position
indefinitely at least until after the
dolivery to Congress of the reports of
the committee which invetigated his
stewardship of the public domain, de
pends now, upon the attitude of hia
Cab Inet associates .
Mr. Ballinger is coming to Wash
ington, his friends here insist, wholly
unconscious of any act on his part,
either of commission or of omission,
for which he should be condemned,
and has determined to force his chief
and his official colleagues to be n ef
fect his judges. If they concur in
the view at "present attributed to Mr.
Taft, that the accused Secretary shall
be sustained as an innocent and par
secuted man, he will retain his po
sition ; if they fail so to back him upt
he will resign forthwith.
Attacks Boston Baked Beans.
Detroit. " Well-cooked vegetables,
rice and meat, as opposed to New
England mince pie" and Boston baked"
beans, have made the " graceful,' self
controlled Turk the superior of the
nervous, lank New Englander."
This was the contention laid down
before the Mississippi Valley Medical
Association by Dr. Fenton B. Turk, of
" Diet has more to do with the
making of great men or the deter
iorating of the human race to the
level of the brute than anything
else." declared Dr. Turk.
"Compare that armor-plate mince
pie, diet indulged in by all America
with the two sane meals a day that
are enabling Turkev to produce the
finest specimens of physical man
hood in the world. Mince pie and
beans are bringing about race deteri
oration not alone in Connecticut and
Millionaire in Customs Net.
New York. Mengo L. Morgenthau,
the millionaire candy manufacturer
caught Saturday m the- custom net,
was arrested Monday on confessing
he tried to smuggle dutiable goods
valued at $9,300. He said he had no
excuse to offer.
" Later he was held in $5,000 bail.
He went to the Customs House at
noon, accompanied by his wife, two
daughters Misses Agnes J. and
Louise Morgan tha u an d a niece and
several friends, to explan why jewelry
and other articles valued aV $9,300
were not declared when the family ar
rived here 'Thursday.
A $10,000 Corn Show.
Columbia. The premium list of the
South Atlantic States Corn Exposi
tion, December 5-8, for the four
States, North Carolina, Georgia, Flor
ida and South Carolina, has been
perfected and will he shortly an
nounced. Nearly $8,000 has 'been se
cured as prizes for the corn growers'
who send exhibits. Every farmer in
the four States is invited to send ex
hibits. Ira W. Williams, the State agent of
the United States farm demonstra
tion work will hold his corn show
for the boys of the corn' clubs in
connection with the exposition. Over
$2,000 has been secured by Mr. Wil
liams as prizes for the boys. Taking
this and the "prizes of the exposition
over $10,000 will be distributed in
prizes for fine corn at the show.
Worshipped in Water.
Chicago. Six men, claiming to be
mernbeis of a Persian religious cult,
were arrested by the police while
they, with about forty men and
women, were holding services in the
-vaters of Lake Michigan;
The services were held in the
water at the foot of Diversy Boule
vard, and attracted the attention of
churchgoers. The police were notified
of the singing and shouting of the
cult. They arrived to see women and
men being lowered into water up to
Change State Bank System.
jWashington. A movement to
bring all the State banks if the
country into the national bank sys
tem of reporting their condition to
the public was begun before the
National Association of Supervisor?
of State Banks closed its convention
here. Heretofore it has been next to
impossibls to .:(!. -r facts cf the con
dition of all the Stata banks because
no two States used the same system.
Co-opcraticn between Slate and Nat
ional Bank exarr-hae-j is desired.
R. R. STOCjUS INFLATED
The Interstate Commerce Commission
Continues Hearing on Bates.
Chicago. Stock inflation and mani
pulation, designated to turn over to
stockholders large sums of money
without putting in the Company's
record and evidence of more than
passing fair dividends was the subject
delivered Monday by the" Interstate
Commerce Commission here at the
continuation of its hearing following
the suspension of the general advance
of feright rates of Western lines which
had been scheduled to take effect Sep
The stock manipulation feature of
the inquiry which aims to bring out
what grounds the railroads have for
asking the increase was suggested by
Commissioner Judson C. Clements
and was immediately taken up by the
commissioner's attorney, Frank Lyon,
and A ttorney John H. At wood of
Kansas City, Mo., who appeared for
the general shippers committee which
is fisrhtinsr the increase. Controller
M. P. Blauvelt of the Illinois Central
Railroad was the witness from whom
the startling disclosures which fol
lowed were obtained.
Commissioner Clement called ; the
witness's attention to figures he had
furnished on , direct-examination by
the railroad's counsel, W. II. Horton.
The commissioner said:
"You say, Mr. Blauvelt, that in
1891 your capital stock was $40,000,-
000 on 2,875 miles of road, and in
1910, on only about 1,700 miles more,
it was $109,000,000. Also that in
1891 the bonded indebtedness was
only $62,000,000 while in 1910 it had
itiTt nnn nnn xr.,,,
"Well" was the answer, "what
would appear to be the excess, went
to improve the roadway, and to equip
ment and purchase of other roads?
"And how was the stock raised for
these purposes sold?" continued the
Commissioner. "Was it m the open
"Part of it was. But most of it
was sold to the stockholders at par?"
Here Frank Lyon, for the commis
sion took a hand in the cross-exami
This part of the testimony opened
a-new disposition of a corporation's
stock and ommrssioner Lane, after
asking if it was to make the stock
value approach the cash value and
beim? informed it was not, aSowed
the attorney to delve into the par
"If your stock was sold at 150 in
open market," asked the attorney,
and you gave it to your stockholders
at 100, what became of the extra oO
per cent of its value!"
"Why, t went to the stockhold
ers," was the answer.
!'Then the upshot of it Was your
company added to its capital stock
by letting go at par, when it needed
money, when it- could have sold less
stock on the open market, satisfied
its need and kept the capital stock
down, giving less capital to figure
dividend upon, isn't that so?" was
the next query.
Controller Blauvelt was unwilling
such an impression should prevail, he
said, and he explained by saying:
"Suppose we dumped $15,000,000
in stock on the market at once, it
would send its value 'way below par.'
I consider it a good business policy
to sell where we were sure it would-
bring par, and keep control of the
road where it was."'
Attorney John n. Atwood of Kan
sas. City, representing the general
shippers' committee, was anxious to
know, he said, how much of the com
pany's $285,000,000 in stocks and
bonds has thus been sold at par
"I find the sum was $49,000,000
Overworked Preacher Suicides.
Cartersvile, Ga. Dispatches receiv
ed here Monday state that Rev. Dr.
,undy II. Harris of Nashville, for
lerlv assistant secretary' of the board
f education of the Methodist Epis
copal Church, South, at Pine Log,
ica,r Cartcrsville. died of an overdose
of morphinee taken Sunday morn
inr with suicidal intent. Drr Harris
as at Pine Losr to recuperate from
nervous prostration. Dr. Harris was
he husband of Cora N. Harris, a
ell-known. writer. -.
Second Meeting With President.
Oyster Bay. N. Y. Well pleased
wall the remit ot ni3 conieronce Trim
President Taft, Theodore Roosevelt
returned to Oyster Boy Monday.
"I had a very pleasant .intereview
ith the President," said the colonel,
and sn entirely satisfactory talk on
he New York situation."
He admitted that the national situ
Vow had ao been discussed hut he
j declined to repeat any of the con-
THE COMING FIGHT,
RooseveJl Will Not Say What
He Intends to Do.
OLD GUARD CALM AND SERENE-
The New York Republican State Con
vention Promises to be a Jlot Af
fair Watch Besult3!
" Oyster, Bay, N. Y. Theodore
Roosevelt now has but little more
than a week before the,, actual shock
of conflict with the old guard in the
Republican State convention at Sara
toga. He (returned to New York Sat
urday from Syracuse, where he sharp
ly joined issues Friday with his critics
in his speeuh at the State fair, motor
ed rapidly from the eity to Sagamore
Hill, where he arrived shortly, before
noon, and spent the remainder of the
day with his family.
The colonel refused to discuss in
any detail his plans for the fight at
Saratoga, or to say whether be be
lieves he will be successful. His ref
erence to President Taft in his Syra
cuse speech, in which he gave his ap
proval to a number of the most impor
tant acts of the 'administration, are
regarded, however, as throwing some
light on his probable attitude toward
an endorsement ot the administration
by the Saratoga convention.
what action he will take m case
an attempt is made to endorse Presi
dent Taft for a renomination in 191 J
is a subject on which he remains reso
lutely mute. Reports to the effect
that he would resist such an endorse
ment have brought forth no statement
from his, except that he will have
nothing to say oif that point, unless
the question be raised at Saratoga.
Dallas Beats Them All.
Washington. The population of
Dallas, Texas, is 92,104, an increase
of 49,466, or 116 per cent, as compar
ed with 42,638 in 1900.
Wilkes-Barre, Pa., has 6,19o inhab
itants, an increase of 15,3S4, or 29.7
per cent as compared with 51, 21 in
The population, of Covington, Ky.,
is 53,270, an increase of 10,3?
24.1 per cent, as compared with'42,-v
938 in 1900. ' :
Kenton county, Kentucky, in .which
Covington is located, has a population
of 70,355, as compared with 63,5S?1 in
Racine, Wis., has 38,002, an in
crease of 8,900, or 30.6 per cent, as
compared with 29,102 in 1900.
Waterloo, Iowa, shows 26,093, an
increase of 14,113, or 112.2 per cent,
as compared vh til2,580 in 1900.
Place Citizenship Above Partisanship.
Ballston Spa, N. Y. A congress of
Governors of the States to outline a
primary law for' general use through
out the country wias the plan suggest
ed by John A. Dix, chairman of the
Democratic State Committee, at a
conference here with 200 Democratic
leaders of Saratoga county.
Mr. Dix also advocated a State law
that would prevent the use of funds
by corporations in corrupting Legis
latures. He told his hearers that the
time had come' to place citizenship
above partisanship to accomplish re
forms. ' ; -
Never Too Old to Leaxn.
Columbus, Ohio. Mrs. A. D. Win-
ship, aged 80 years, and a former res-
dent of Racine, Wis., but now of Co
nmbus, has registered as a student in
Ohio State universit.y. Mrs. Wiuship
will take an optional course and says
that she is going to college simplv be
cause she likes to acquire all the
knowledge that she can. She has re
cently returned from Michigan,
Pellagra Claims Distinguished Editor.
Salisbury,' N. C. John M. Julian,
editor of The Salisbury Evening Post
and one of the city's most distin
guished yitfng men, died here Friday'.
Mr. Julian was in an unconscious con
dition for several days prior to his
death, which was due to a most se
vere case of pellagra. The ablest
specialists in North and South Caro
lina were summoned to his bedside
and relatives and friends and train
ed nurses battled to save this valu
able life, but an all wise Providence
Ex-Convict Elected to Congress.
London, Ky, By a decisive ma
jority cf more than 7,000 voles Caleb
Powers df.'ated Congressman Don ('.
Edwards for the Republican nomina
tion for representative. Congress
man Edwaids conceded , that Powers
had carriea all but four ot the 10
counties which comprise; the district.
Powers was thrice tried and con
victed on the charge of. murdering
Gov. GoboL, Each verdict was set
aside on appeal. Gov. Wilson recent
ly granted Powers a pardon.