t if mm
Postoffice Department May Pay Out
WASHINGTON. The estimates or
Postmaster General Hitchcock
tor next year show that the postofflce
lepartment promises fair to pay Its
own way. The mall service comes
nearer to the people than any other
branch of the government, for it
reaches every home as well as shops
and offices. It costs a lot of money.
Mr. Hitchcock asks for $250,733,943,
tnd the appropriation for tho depart
ment always Is set forth in the ex
penditures for each year, but the earn
ings from the mails bring back the
outlay to the treasury. This business
Jb not reported in the current daily
Etatemeat of the treasury which set
forth only the deficit paid. This
amounted last year to $17,000,000, and
will be $6,000,000 less for the current
twelve months, while it is predicted
that it will disappear in the next
fiscal year. The department gets no
pay for the vast tons of matter which
it carries for other branches of the
government. If It did the offset
against the deficit would be very
large. The rent of offices In Wash
ington and in public buildings else
where does not cover this traffic.
The work done by the postofflce is
Has Plan to Care
yHB great movement for the con
1 serration of the natural resources
of the country, at the present time
exerting salutary influences upon
every important national activity, has
embraced a new field. A safe, sane
and successful method of conserving
and finding a method of caring for our
ex-presidents is the latest Idea in the
conserving line. A provision in the
constitution of the national conserva
tion congress is responsible for the
proposal, and seriouB consideration is
being given it, not by the , political
dreamer or theorist, but by the great
public figures of the country.
. Bernard N.- Baker, retiring presi
dent of the congress, by virtue of a
clause lo the constitution, becomes a
member for life of the executive com
mittee, and will, so long as the con
gresses are held, continue to give the
benefit of his counsel and experience
to the president.
The suggestion has been made, and
has already crystallized into an or
Expert to Head the
WHAT is considered a real step to
ward greater economy and more
efficiency in the management of the
government's business was taken
when President Taft appointed Dr.
Frederick A. Cleveland, director of
the bureau of municipal research in
New York city, as the head of a cen
tral staff that will work on the econ
omy and efficiency problem under the
direction of the president. Announce
ment was also made that each of the
cabinet officers will organize In his
department a committee or commis
sion to be known as an economy and
These steps were taken under the
law passed at the last eesslon of con
gress directing the president to con
duct an investigation into the busi
ness methods of the several executive
departments, and giving him $100,000
Opium Invades Army at the Presidio
HE war department Is advised that
1 opium, the insidious enemy of the
armies of the world, has invaded the
ranks of the United States troops sta
tioned at the Presidio, near San Fran
cisco, to such an extent that a strong
campaign, In which are involved more
than 2,500 men, has been launched In
an effort to crush it out.
The officers admit the seriousness
of the situation, and declare it to be
the gravest problem they have been
called upon to settle. Drastic meas
ures are now being taken to rescue
those of the troops who have fallen,
TictliBS to tho subtle opiate. With'
ell the energies of the department of
-.;r bent to the battle, an appeal has
a marvel of cheapness. In volume
and in extent of territory covered
there is nothing to be compared with
it. The reduction in rates since the
days when 25 cents was charged for
a letter from New York to Columbus,
O., does not cease to be a wonder.
The system which for two cents de
livers a message In writing weighing
an ounce from Maine to San Fran
cisco not only but to the Philippines,
or from the southern point of Florida
to the northern extremity of Alaska,
is a model of efficiency at the mini
mum of cost. When we consider also
the burden of mails oversea to cer
tain countries where the foreign rates
are the same with our domestic
charge, the challenge is bold that the
world presents no parallel to the
economy and to the achievement.
Europe is compact in population
with distances measured by hundreds
of miles only. This is especially true
of Great Britain. There penny post
age is proclaimed as a triumph and
an example. Americans forget that
the British penny is the equal in cur
rent value of two cents of our money.
The cent is often called a penny, but
it is only half a penny, and thus the
term is a misnomer. Our postal rates
on letters are now just those of Great
Britain. Penny postage has long pre
vailed here as well as there. That
with free rural delivery and with
transmission over the continent and
to the islands, the earnings are to
cover the expenses, may well gratify
officials and .citizens.
ganized sentiment, to adopt the same
method with the president of ' the
United States, make him, for life, an
advisory member of the president's
cabinet and give him a competence
sufficient to make him independent.
Speaking of this proposal, Mr. Baker
said that it was really surprising how
many men there were in the west who
thought that this method furnished
the solution of the perpetual perplex
ing question as to what disposition to
make of our ex-presidents.
"On its face the proposition is cer
tainly a plausible one. It stands to
reason that after a man has been
president for four or eight years he
knows the problems and difficulties
which confront the man at the helm
of the ship of state better than does
his successor. If the ex-presidents
could be made advisory members of
the cabinet of the president, the lat
ter would get the benefit of the ad
vice of the former. No matter if
.there should be a change in the ad
ministration, this would make no dif
ference to broad-minded men.
"'Of course, there would have to be
legislation providing that when a man
is elected to the presidency his suc
cession to the cabinet position neces
sarily follows. All this Is not mere
theory. It is indorsed by some of the
political thinkers of the country."
with which to carry forward the in
quiry. The final plans were not ap
proved by the president until he had
consulted with a large number of
business men and had received writ
ten suggestions from numerous audit
The central staff, of which Mr.
Cleveland is to be the chief, will be
composed of four men in addition to
the chief. Its function will be to keep
the president informed as to condi
tions in the several departments. It
might properly be called a bureau of
inspection. The economy and effi
ciency commissions to be organized
in each department will undertake to
ascertain If greater efficiency can be
obtained without increasing the cost
of, the service.
It is explained at the White House
that the general movement does not
contemplate the dismissal of govern
ment clerks, but the gaining of great
er efficiency. The president has come
to believe that the departments work
at cross purposes in some instances
and that it is frequently the case that
in a particular department money is
wasted because the service is not or
ganized or centered as It should be.
been made to the civil authorities.
Ju3t how general the use of the
poppy juice has become is not esti
mated, but it Is admitted to be more
alarming than ever before in the his
tory of the army. Acting Commander
Col. C. Deems said that in all hi3
career he had never encountered such
a general addiction to the drug, and
that at worst his observation had
never disclosed a higher percentage
of opium using than two to three per
cent. It was at first estimated that
forty per cent, of the men at he
Presidio were using the drug, but this
was declared excessive, a mow prob
able figure after company and hos
pital stat'stics had been complied, be
irig ten per cent.
Alarmed at this high percentage,
appeals were directed by Colonel
Lundeen, commandant at the post, to
tho district attorney's office and to
the office of the chief of police, with
the result that raids on opium dens
by the civil authorities are being
Inside Story of a Convention
Whitney Violated THden's Confidence
and So Hancock Was Nomina
ted to Shut Out Henry B.
Payne of Ohio.
At the time of his third presidential
campaign in which Grover Cleveland
was the successful candidate for the
presidency, I had a conversation with
ex-Mayor. William R. Grace of New
York, who took a leading part in the
politics which culminated in the nomi
nation of President Cleveland at Chi
cago in 1892. I asked Mayor Grace if
there was any truth in the report,
widely circulated, that Samuel J. Til
den was' not particularly friendly to
Grover Cleveland's ' nomination in
Instead of answering my question
Mayor Grace asked in turn: "Did I
ever tell you how it happened that
Governor Tilden was not renominated
by his party at the St. Louis conven
tion of 1880, and how, at last, the con
vention concentrated upon General
My reply was that the presumption
among Republicans was that Tilden
had forbidden his friends to make any
effort to nominate him.
"That wasn't the reason at all,"
Mayor Grace replied. "The real reason
is known to a few persons only, and
there waa an agreement at St. Louis
that it should not be told. The con
vention, however, is now so long in
the past that I don't think I violate any
confidences in telling you what the in
side history of that convention was.
"Following the inauguration of
Rutherford B. Hayes as president,
there arose a pretty general feeling
among the leading Democrats that at
the next national convention of their
party there was only one course to
pursue as regards the presidential
nominee; - That was to nominate Sam
uel J. Tilden by ; acclamation as the
party's protest against the manner in
which Tilden had been treated four
years before. I rememeber that sev
eral of us who were close to Mr. Til
den talked with him about the matter;
and his position was that the party,
to be consistent, could do nothing else
except nominate him by acclamation.
Otherwise, it could not Justify its
claim that he had been unjustly de
prived of the office of president, and
would put itself before the country
as being insincere in that declaration.
'I speak in this manner with entire
impersonality,' said Mr. Tilden. 'It is
not because I am affected, but because
of the principle involved that I wish to
see this thing done.
" 'Now,' he went on to say, 'I Bhall
write a letter which must not be read
or revealed to anyone in any way un
til after the party has made its nomi
nation for president. But when it has
renominated, as it should do, the can
didate of 1876 upon the issue that he
was fraudulently deprived of office, in
Tale of Root's
Salem H. Wales Was Astonished to
Find That He Was a Millionaire
and Didn't Know How
A delightful character was Salem
H. Wales, father-in-law of Elihu Root,
Republican candidate for mayor of
New York in 1876 and in his day one
of the foremost citizens of the me
tropolis. It used to bo his custom
on each New Year's day to go about
among his friends and say to them:
"Have ; I done anything in the year
Just ended to offend or annoy you?
If I have I want to ask your pardon,
for, after all, friendship Is of more
value to a man than money."
One day In the autumn of 1901 I
met him as he was leaving the office
of a safe deposit company, in whose
vaults, he was in the habit of telling
his friends, he kept his modest pos
sessions. There was a perplexed
look upon his face as he greeted me,
took me by the arm and led me aside.
"I have Just had a most extraordinary
experience," he confided. "1 feel a
little bewildered. I don't know exact
ly how to act. I have Just made the
discovery that I anva millionaire!"
I congratulated him. For a mo
ment he looked dreamily beyond me.
Then he continued:
"I remember that two or three
years ago a very 'good friend of mine,
who had finally succeeded in getting
his eecond million dollars, told me
that the first million was by far the
harder of the two to get. Undoubt
edly it was with him, and maybe it
Is with most men who get a million
and more, yet with me the million
was not hard to get at all. and'untll a
few minutes ago I had no idea that I
would ever be a millionaire.
"You know of Tom Acton, the old
police commissioner who broke up
Ihe draft riots in New York in '6,1?
Well, when he lost his place in the
sub-treasury, where he went some
time after the war was over, some of
hi3 friends decided to organize for
him a little banJc uptown; Tom
thorght there was a chance for a
bank to do good business up there in
lookirg after small accounts. I was
that year, the letter is to be read to
the convention. In it I shall acknowl
edge the propriety and consistency of
the action of the party in nominating
me, and then I shall state that because
of the precarious condition of my
health It will be impossible for me to
accept the nomination. In this way
our party's record for consistency will
"We asked Mr. Tilden to whom he
would commit his letter, and he re
plied that he would put it in the hands
of William C. Whtiney, under a pledge
of confidence not to reveal it or its
contents or to let It get out, even, that
such a letter had been written until
after the presidential nomination had
"Well, we went to St. Louis, ready
to see to it that Mr. Tilden was nomi
nated by acclamation; but imagine our
surprise when, after we had been there
a day or so, we began to hear that
Senator Henry B. Payne of Ohio would
be the successful candidate for the
presidential nomination. We asked
the delegates who were saying this
what made them think so and the an
swer was that Bill Whitney was work
ing for Senator Payne, his father-in-law.
"'But,' we protested, 'Mr. Whitney
Story That Phil
Uncle David Gray Traveled From
New York to Tell How They
"Snapped" Horatio Seymour
Through the Fence.
One of the quaintest, most original
and most delightful characters, that
ever sat in a legislator's chair was
Uncle David Gray, a member of the
New York state assembly in the win
ter of 1880. So quaint a character,
Indeed, was he that he gained noto
riety not bounded by the state. He
it was who was the originator of the
proverb. "Fair play, and half the
road," and by it he sedulously regu
lated his life. He it was, also, who
taught the great comedian, Billy Flor
ence, how to execute the remarkable
pigeon-wing with which he invariably
brought down the house in the role
of Bardwell Slote in "The Mighty
Dollar," a famous comedy in its day.
One morning, several years before
Uncle David Gray, a kindly philoso
pher to the last, died at a ripe old
age. Dr. M. O. Terry, who has a world
wide reputation in the medical fra
ternity by reason of his advocacy of
the oil treatment in appendicitis, and
who was formerly surgeon general of
the State of New York, met Uncle Da
vid Gray at Utlca, N. Y. He wore
his old-fashioned slouch hat and
slab-sided shoes. The carpet bag
that he carried must have done
appealed to and subscribed for a block
of stock, and with Tom Acton as pres
ident the bank did a comfortable lit
tle business for a number of yearB.
Then along comes Charles W. Morse
organizing a chain of banks in New
York city. He wants that little bank
of ours in the worst way, and he of
fers what seems to all of us a prepos
terous price for our stock, and we ac
cept his offer. My, but it was a
mighty big sum that I got for the
stock which I subscribed for simply
to help Tom Acton out The amount
almost made my head swim.
"Today I came down to the safe de
posit company to place in my box
with my old securities the ones I
bought with the money received for
my bank stock. When I Etarted to
do that I said to myself: 'Count every
thing and see how much you have
got.' So I began counting and be
fore I could realize it, hardly I had
told off a million dollars in gilt-edged
securities, and I have been bewild
ered ever since.
"I wonder If other men have felt,
when they found they were worth a
million, as I do now," continued Mr.
Wales, after another dreamy pause. "I
don't believe I am puffed up. I used
to think that if I ever became a mil
lionaire I should do some strutting,
but, to tell you the truth, I feel hum
bled. I don't think I ever realized so
strongly that contentment with what
ever you have Is really riches as I
did when I made the starling discov
ery that I am a millionaire. And I
didn't feel a bit richer I was goirg
to say net half so rich as 1 did
when I first realized thst with about a
quarter of a million dollars 1 had ac
cumulated enough money to take care j
of my family and myself comtort-
(Copyright. 1910. by K. J. Edwards.
"Yes," said the lady of uncertain
age, "I am proud of the tact that I ,
was the original of the heroine in tine :
of the greatest novels ever written." ; Ashley Oh, not, much; just think
"Ah, how fine!" commented the taci- ing that Adam and Eve could never
less youth. "lvanhoe' c DavIU Cop- have been lawful inmates of an or
perfield?" pLan r.sylum.
is committed to the nomination of Gov
" 'Oh, no, he isn't, was the reply.
'Tilden won't accept the nomination.
" 'How do you know that?' we asked.
" 'Why, Mr. Whitney told us. He
says he has a letter from Mr. Tilden
in which he declines to permit the
use of his name.'
"You may be sure that we made all
haste to see Bill Whitney," said Mr.
Grace, with a grim smile. "Wo asked
him if it were true that he had spoken
of the existence of Tllden's letter.
" Yes, I have. was the blunt re
snonse. And when we aBked him if
he didn't consider that he had vio
lated Mr. Tilden's confidence, his re
ply was that In politics, as in war, ev
erythlng was fair, and he meant to do
all he could to secure the nomination
of his father-in-law.
"The Jig was up. Knowing for a
certainty that Bill Whitney had spread
the authoritative news that Tilden
would not run, we were morally cer
tain that he could never be nominated
by acclamation. So, to get even with
Whitney, we made up our minds that
whatfer else happened Henry B.
Payne shcjfld not be nominated. And
that purpose explains how, after look
ing in various directions for a candi
date, we concentrated upon General
WInfield Scott Hancock."
(Copyright, 1910, by E. J. Edwards. All
service for some of his ancestors.
His eyes were bright and snap
ping with fun, his chin was clean
shaven, and his unstarched linen im
"Good morning, Uncle David," ex
claimed Doctor Terry. "Going on a
"Yes, sir," chuckled Uncle David.
"I'm going out to, Chicago to see Phil
Armour. I guess he's low spirited or
bilious. He sent for me yesterday to
come out and cheer him up."
"So you know Mr. Armour, do you?"
asked Dr. Terry.
"Know Phil Armour!" exclaimed
Uncle David. "Why, we grew up as
boys together, and I tell you, doctor,
when I go to see Phil and he sends
for me every once in awhile he
treats me like an old friend. He puts
me in a bedroom that's got carpet
as soft as young grass. I guess there
must be half a dozen bathrooms on
that floor and he gives me one all
to myself. We " have the tbest of
; times together, talking of the old
days. I kind of expect that Phil has
sent for me to tell him the story once
again of how we snapped -Horasch
Seymour over a fence, or through it,
one time when we were playing snap-the-whip.
My, you ought to see Phil
laugh when I tell him that story."
"Tell it to me. Uncle David," Dr.
"Well, I will, and I'll tell tt to you
Just as I am going to tell it to Phil to
morrow. You see, when we were young
sters together Phil and I used to play
snap-the-whlp a whole lot of the time,
and we got so we could snap any boy
we wanter to off the end Of the line'
twitch him wherever we wanted him
tto go. We got real skittish at it.
' "Well, one day Horasch Seymour
came down to visit a friend, and "
"When you say Horasch Seymour,"
interrupted Dr. Terry, "do you , mean
the Horatio Seymour who was twice
governor of New York and Democratic
candidate for president against Gen.
"That's the chap," cried Uncle Da
vid, with his ejes all asparkle. "There
never was but one Horasch Seymour,
and he was a cocky little fellow. Well,
Phil said: 'Let's play snap-the-whip
and put Horasch at the end of the
lash.' Horasch was willing, but
cracky! ho didn't know what was com
ing to him. So we .just started in,
and pretty soon we got a mighty snap
to the whip, and the next thing Hor
asch knew he was breaking through a
fence and all sprawled out on the
grass. It's funny, ain't it? We boys
never thought in that snap-the-whip
there was one boy who was going to
be governor and another who waa
going to be a great beef packer.
"Well, now, tomorrow night, about
half, past eight, ;ou can think of me,
washed up and Just had a good dinner,
with" Phil in bis little room, and he willp
be asking me to tell him how we snap,
ped Horasch Seymour off the end of
the whip. And when I tell him, why,
if you'll listen hard, you can almost
hear him laugh!"
Uncle David Gray chuckled reminis
cently. "Phil says that story always
fills hlra with glee and takes his trou
bles awar," he explained. "I suppose
If I was as rich a man as Phil I
might get the blues myself some day."
. And a few minutes later the quaint,
ol(1 humor-loving iarmer-philosopher
was on his way to caeer up the man
who taught the world how to utilizo
everything of the hog except its squeal.
(CupyrtsM. 1910. by E. J. Edwards. Ali
thinking about now?
"What is the, fastest run your auto
"It ran me $200 in debt -the first
week I bad It."
AN INTOLERABLE ITCHING
"Just about two years ago, some
form of humor appeared on my scalp..
The beginning was a slight itching but
It grew steadily worse until," when I
combed my hair, ' the scalp became
raw and the ends of the comb-teeth
would be wet with blood.1 Most of the
time there was an Intolerable Itching,
in a painful, burning way, very much,
as a bad, raw burn, if deep, will itch,
and smart when first beginning tcy
heal. Combing my hair was positive
torture. My hair was long and tan
gled terribly because of tho blood and
scabs. This continued growing worse
and over half my hair fell out. I was.
in despair, really afraid of becoming
"Sometimes the pain was so great
that, when partially awake, I would,
scratch the worst, places so that my
finger-tipa would be bloody, I could
not sleep well and, after being asleep
a short time, that awful stinging pain
-would commence and then I would
wake up nearly wild with the torture,
A neighbor said it must be salt rheum.
Having used Cuticura Soap merely as
a toilet soap before, I now decided to
order a set of the Cuticura Remedies
Cuticura Soap, Ointment and Pills.
I used them according to direction
for perhaps six weeks, then left off,,
as the disease seemed to be eradi
cated, but toward spring, eighteen
months ago, there was a slight re
turn of the scalp humor. . I com
menced the Cuticura treatment at
once, so had very little trouble. On
my scalp I used about one half a cake
of Cuticura Soap and half a box of
Cuticura Ointment in all. The first
time I took six or seven bottles of Cu
ticura Pills and the last time three
bottles neither an expensive or te
dious treatment. Since then .1 have
had no scalp trouble of any kind.
Standing up, with my hair unbound, it
comes to my knees and had it not been
for Cuticura I should doubtless be
"This is a voluntary, unsolicited tes
timonial and I take pleasure in writing
it, hoping my experience may help
someone else. Miss Lillian Brown,
R. F.D.I, Liberty, Me., Oct. 29, 1909.""
An Awful Moment.
The company always Included maHy
delightful women, and I remember the
consternation caused among them one
day by Burnham, the scout. He ex
plained that he attributed bis success
as a scout to the acuteness of his
sense of smell; it was like a blood
"There's no one here today' he
affirmed, "who at any time anywhere
in the future I could not recognize in
the dark. Yes, I could tell you. and
you, and you," nodding at an alluring
group in modish apparel, "by the way
For an awful moment the conversa
tion flagged. McCIure's.
Knows Tetterlne Cures Eczema.
Mocks vllle, N. C.
I have a friend In the country here who
has suffered for years with Edema, and
I told him if he used Tetterlne he would
soon be relieved, for it Is the only thing
mat x ever usea mat wouia Kin it.
P. S. Early.
Tetterlne cures Eczema. Tetter. Rln-
Woroi, Itching Files and every form or
Scalp and Skin Disease. Tetterlne 50c:
Tetterlne Boap 25c. At druggist, or by-
mau rrom the manufacturer, The Shup
trlne Co., Savannah, Ga.
With every mall order for Tetterlne we
?1ve a box of Shuptrlne'e 10c Liver Fill
Can You Blame Him? ,
"Pa, what does 'skeptical' mean?"
"That describes a man's feelings
when a woman tells her age."
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There are lots of people who are
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Sore throat leads to Tonsilitis: Ouinsv
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used as a gurgle upon the first symptoms
of a sore throat will invariably prevent
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Appreciation of good accomplished
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good yet to be done.
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n you need a remedy
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