- ' , w - "'B
CaaYear, la Adranc. ' V 1 FOR GOD, FOR COUNTRY AND FOR TRUTH. " Sisgte Cy f Crt,
VOL. XXI. v M . PLYMOUTH, N.'O.. BRlbAY, DECEMBER 9,1010. ' NO. 26.
- '? -i - -.- - -t
NEEDS OF THE NAVY
Saving of $5,000,000 for
1912. Necessary Items.
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR PEARY.
Eight Naval Stations Are Recom
mended to be Disposed of Total
Amount Asked For Navy is $127,-
0G7.329 Business System. V . .
Washington the estimates of
Secretary cf ifte Iravy Meyer' for the
fiscal year912, .which shows a
saving of $5,000,000 as compared
. with the appropriation for the Navy
; Department for the currenjt year,
provide, for an' expenditure !of $8,
135,837 for public works at the navy
yards and stations.1 These are for
items regarded as Absolutely essen
tial and are based upon a personal
inspection by Se&retary:. Meyer of
the navy yards Jid stations, which
' he made on hisfif enYtouf. "
The Secretary asks - for $7,630,000
for provisions of the navy, -which is
' an increase of $158,929 over the appropriations-
for the current year.
' Provisions for the marine corps are
estimated at $820,000, an increase of
$96,457 for this year.
x As the-first year's appropriation
for the new vessels which the Secre-
tary recommentlSfthe ngjeS'jgfi.t
;TO00 as the ne.eessary figure Tor-construction
and machinery and $6,-
750,428 for armor, ' and armameitfv-
wnicn, is 3j,4y,iy less man ints
1 amount' appropriated for the new
building program, vthis year.. In-ad-dition
$10,453,619 for the continuation of
"work on vessete-npwnjpdr. ,. con
struction,, which. is t $6,982,1,05 .less
than the amount appropriated for
a similar purpose this year.v
The total an1ouh,tyv;hich "wiinb'e
submitted to Consr'ress.'for the Navy
Department under the naval legisla
tive and sundry civil i bills forviext
year will be $127,007329 as corhpar
. ed with $132,378,080 for this year or
. a decrease in exact figures of $5,
311,651 Secretary Meyer recommends giv
ing up and disposing of the' naval
stations at. New Orleans. Pensacola.
San Juan, -Port Royal', 4,ew Iloridpn'
Sacketts Harbor, Culebra and Ca
vite. fie finds that the, -average.
vearlvcost of maintamineiiheser
stations for the, past five years has
been ,6 yhil;;vry. little; use
ful work has ueen" performed Ihere-
In making these recommendations
the Secretary says he is S3Howing
directfy along the progressive plans,.
wni.crf nave oeen aaoptea in . our
great .commercial and manufactur
ing consolidation "-i-this country;;
that is, ol dismantling unnecessary
and antiquated plants- and discont
inuing their existence, wh'ere it has
been demonstrated that it is un
profitable to continue them at a cost
not commensurate with their pro
duct.. The discovery, of the North Pole
.iy-Robert E. PeVfcy, after years of
patient and arduous endeavor is de
clared to be an event which, has ay
ded to the honor and credit of our
country. Says Secretary Meyer:
"It is fitting that the government
tfiould recognize the valtfe of his
services, and their successful jsde
f prmination. If it meets with your
approval, I recommend that Peary,
the descoverer of the. North Pole, be
given a commission by legislation,
as Rear Admiral of the Corps of
Civil-Engineers of the Navy, to date
from April 6, 1909, the date oft his
discovery of the Pole, and that he
be retired as of that date with the
highest-retired pay;of that graded ;'
, "China Will Expand Navy.
PekingV-An important step has
been' taken by Chin with the object
of expanding and increasing the ef
ficiency of her tarmy and navy.
The throne has issued edicts creat
ing a Navy Department, which up to
the present, Has cofliecL merely, of
a tentative board for the conduct of"
naval affairs. Prince Tsai Suun.
uncle of the Emperor, who recent
ly paid an extensive visit to the
United States, has been appointed
president of the new department.
Calhoun Family Contest a Will.
; Washington Members "of the Cal
houn family that John C. Calhoun
made famous came before the Su
preme Court of the United Statesjn
an endeavor to regain possession xf
the "Calhoun plantation" in Green
wood county, South Carolina. - The
arguments were made in the Su
preme Court Chamber, formerly
the Senate chamber, the very room
in which John C. Calhoun so often
triumphed in debate. The planta
tion was owned by Down3 Calhoun
when he died in 1830. '
VENERABLE WOMAN GONE
airs. Mary Baker G. Eddy, Head of
Christian Scientist Church,
Passes at Age of Ninety.
- Boston. Mrs. Mary Baker Glover
Eddy, the discoverer and founder of
Christian .Science is dead.
"Natural , causes" explains the
death, according 'to Dr. George L.
West, a' district medical examiner,
who was summoned ' a few hours
after , Mrs. Eddy died. Later' D.'
West added that the more imme
diate cause was probably - pneu
monia. . - . .;
Sketch of Her Life.
Mrs. Mary Baker Glover-Eddy, the
"discoverer"' and founder. of Chris
tian Sc jence, was born in Bow, N.
H..; H"er father was a man of some
property and localtrdistinction. r He
was a friend of President Franklin
Pierce and other well-known men
ot his-time. Mrs. "Eddy was "related
to Gen. John McNeill, a hero of the
battle of Lundy's vLane. On her
father's side she was -related to Gen.
Henry Knox of revolutionary war
fame. She was a first cousin to
Governor Hoke Smith of Georgia;-
As- a young -woman she was a
confirmed invalid until the healing
incident which ushered her to the
thresholdrof Christian Science. "'
In 1843 Mrs. Eddy married George
Washington Glover and removed
with him fo Charleston, S. G. A
few months after' their marriage
Major Glover was stricken with
yellow fever and died in Wilming
ton, N. C. Mrs. Glover returned to
the home of her relative in Tilton,
N..H.; whece he, son was born.
;In 1853 iin the- hope of regaining
. J- r i i .
yusstjssiuu ui tier sun, iiuiii wnum
she had eehhejj by circumstan
ces to $arle?Mps Eddy married
Dr. Daniel 'Patterson, a dentist of
Franklin, N. hY'.
It Was in J866 that Mrsf. Eddy met
with tlte accident which was the im
mediate cause of her "discovery" of
Christian Science. She was living
at that time at Swampscott, just
outside of Lynn. She fell on the ice
and was injured internally so se
verely that the physician who was
called 'gaveo hope of her recovery.
Ignoring the medicine which had
been prescribed, "Mrs. Eddy, in her.
extremiituhrd-to her Bible. -and
calimed to have received such in
spiration, and spiritual enlighten
ment from the-aceount of the heal
ing of the man with the palsy that
he arose' from-hei bed a wellwd-
,man..i Foyioirvg-i.this remarkable;
lnciaent jurs. n;aay spent tnree years
Tin. fed3ii-ng -. a-h explanation of her
healing. She had always been a stu
denj of, philosophy, was acquainted
somtfifatf with hohieopalhy, ha'd ex
amined the claims of animal mag-netismand--spiritualism
and was -an
earnest student of the Bible.
After hdr discovery of the healing
power of Christian Science, Mrs.
Eddy made frequent applicationsQf
her theory to existing ' conditions.
She tested her metaphysical system
in 'the "'treatment-' of disease and it
is said to have metwith remark
Mrs. Eddy secured ,a divorce from
Dr. "Patterson and;in 1877 married
Pp..-Asa. CEddy, one of her early
students m (jnnstian science, wno
diedin 1882, For some years Mrs.'
Eddy taught Christian Science ;n
Lynn. .In 1881 she chartered' the
Massachusetts Metaphysical College
in Boston. The charter, for the first
Christian Science church was ob
tained in 1879 and in that ypar Mrs.
Eddy was Called to become the pas
tor of the church'. She .was ordain
ed in 1881, although she had preach
ed five years previously. .
Church Unions Committees Act iop.
Baltimore The joint commission
of -twenty seven, representing the
Methodist Episcopal, the Methodist
Protestant and 'the Southern
Methodist Churches appointed a
committee of nine to further con
sider ,t,ejyfatter of" union or closer
relations of the churches and re-,
port to another meeting of the
whole commission which , will be
held at Chattanooga, Tenn., next
spring. The committee was in ses
sion here three dajrs.
Appealing For Panama Exposition.
New Orleans. Headed by Mayor
Martin Behrman of New Orleans, a
large delegation of Louisiana citi
zens, ar.e. in -Washington to press be
fore CorjgpeS the claims of this City
for an exposition.
Fought Duel With Swords.
Paris. A''" desperate duel with
swords was fought in the outskirts
of Paris by the light of torches and
automobile 'lamps. The principals
in the duel were M. Raucourt, an
actor, and M. Champagna
ROADS BREAK TRUST LAW
Charged With Violations of Sher-Anti-Trust
Law. Grain Carried
at Illegal Hates.
Savannah, Ga. After hearing tes
timony for several days the Federal
grand jury of the United States
oourt for southern district of Geor
gia has handed.-jdown indictments
charging infringement of the antij
trust laws on ,-;the part of three
large corporations and two individ
uals. The Atlantic Coast Line
Railway and Seaboard Air Line
Railway were each jointly indicted
with the - Merchants and Miners
Transportation Company for spe
cific violations of the Sherman anti
trust and Elkins laws, while Ha'rvie
Miller and Morris Miller, grain mer-;
chants and members of the firm of
L. F. Miller & Sons of Philadelphia,
The Merchants and Miners Trans-j
portation Company was indictea
three times, once as a sole offen
der, and twice in connection with
me feeaooara Air L,me ana tne ai
lantfc-Coast' Line railways. Morris".1-?.1 nf &'"lf
'(. . . -Hand exnennif.nresrrrfi Sa.OOO.OuO IOW-
r. Miner ana uarvie J. Miner, oi
Philadelphia, were immediately ar
rested and placed under bonds of
125,000 each. . ;
The indictments v; are , lengthy,
covering in. one instgnte 75 pages
in each indictment 'specific allega
tions are made of the acts which
constituted the alleged infractions
of the trust laws. .'I,
The beginning of the investiga
tion against the defendants arose
from complaints registered with the
Interstate Commerce Commission
during the summer, to the effect
that the Miller firm had effectively
destroyed competition in grain
3hipments over an enormous terri
tory embracing points along the
Mississippi and Ohio rivers, and in
the South Atlantic- States.
Tn -flftdilinn In this infra ft inn of
the law, it was found that grammar. ,.fm us
Bhipped from Western
points enjoyed the export rates in
stead of domestic, and a .saving, of
from one. to . three cents on' each
hundred pounds was effected by the
FIFTY YEARS ON $567 ANNUALLY.
Methodist Ministers DidThis Suc-
' pppssfullv nnrl Cnmfnrtahlv.
Sardis," Miss,-That for 50 years
he has been in the service of the
Methodist. Episropal Chnrch South
he has never- earned mcffeTth'an $467
yearly and that he has never left a
debt behind, has lived, comfortably
and has lived to see' the third gen
eration of his descendants grow al
most to maturity, was the statement
of Rev. Dr. G. Bachman, of this city,
beforei a meeting of the Historical
Society of ' the North Mississippi
.The, .Doctor accentuated his re
marks by admonishing a large class
of , young ministers just ordained
that the business of young minis
ters nowadays was thej salvation of
men, not the struggle for church
position and personal popularity.
."'He deplored the facf that the
crgJ1 seems to have lost sight of
this fact in recent years.
i i n t
Tillman's Son Sued by Wife.
, Columbia, S. C Mrrs. Lucy Dugas
Tillman has begun proceedings in
the Edgefield county court to re
cover from her husband, B. R. Till
man," Jr., Senator Tillnian's son,
$13,730.08 which she alleges the de
fendant owes her from, the income
from her property. Th"e suit is an
outgrowth of the sensational habeas
corpus - proceedings wnicn Mrrs.
Lucy Dugas Tillman brougnt against
Senator Tillman and his wife for
the recovery of her two children,
whom her husband had deeded to
the Senator. The action resulted in
a victory for young Mrs. Tillman.
Assassin Fires at Prohibitionist.
Lynchburg, Va. An unidentified
man fired a revolver bullet through
the window of the headquarters of
the local Anti-Saloon League, - oc
cupied by Rev. J..D.IcAlister, gen
eral secretary of the State Arrli-
Saloon League. The -bullet7 lodged
in the wall directly over the desk of
Mr. McAlister, who had left the
room only a few minutes before the
Mr. McAlister has been leading
the campaign of the "dry" forces in
the license campaign.
Canal 60 Per Cent Complete.
New York. Members of the ways
and means committee of the House
of -. Representatives have reached
Nw York from the'eanarzone, after
having 'given hearings .to the -various
departments of the canal" ser
vice as to their requirements for
the coming fiscal "year. -Evidence on
estimates was taken for the amount
to recommend to" Congress. Canal
officials ask $47,000,000. Representa
tative Tawney said that in the main
the canal was CO per cent complete.
UNDLE SAM IS NOT BROKE'
Million Dollar Surplus October De
'flcit of $5,000,000 $34,000,000 on
Hand $86,000,000 Gen.. Fund.
Washington. November was a
highly favorable month for the fi
nances of the United States Treas
ury. It produced a surplus on all
accounts of nearly $1,000,000, where
October had) produced a deficit of
more than $5,000,000.
Tjfie working conditions of the na
tiofes cash drawer shows a ccfrres
pdnding improvement for the
month. December opened with a
wprking balance of $34,000,000 on
hand and $86,000,000 in the general
fund, an improvement of a round
$2,130,000 in the cash available for
Immediate operations. This:-.con-dition
wguljserjn to justify Secre
tary'. MaoVeaghjsiConfidenee in the
Treasury's abil$.j Jo maintain itself
fos the present. without financing.
As comparedvjJh this date last
; ' u ' n j th,
er. Tne result oi all tnis is tnat ine
iotal deficit for this fiscal year to
'datef is $20,000,000 as against $44,
000,000 this time last year.
The general condition of the
Treasury's finances seems to augur
against any issue of securities in
the immediate future. ' -'
PRESIDENT EIGHTH TIME.
Again Inaugurated Chief Mag-
Mexico City. "It ,is very gratify
ing to mq. to.' say tfiatmy- heart" is
full of fa'ithv in the-progress of a
people who, like the Mexican, has
known how to conouerby .its. own
efforts a place among the 'lovers of
toi'lf after, having proved its valor m
- i . ' i J C J J' f Ci.
30untry;-ana inac ner vp iuaay
coma i aeciare tnat, jexiep; oeiouss
defi,ni(;flyt-o the groiapof nattqnsof
assured stability, because against
the firm guarantee of peace which
we possess, no -influence tending- to
wards its dissolution can . bow'' or.
ever shall be able to prevail.
. "As to the relations between Mexi
co and the United; States and ottycr
friendly nations,, n$v.er t have -tney
Been ihdre cordial, as waMndicated
in a convincing manner during, the
celebration ,qf, th.e; centennial"; ,of
The above w;la the authbribed
message of President 'XSazto all na
tions on the eve of his inaugura
tion for the ejglh,.tim?wi'.Chief
Executive of the-' Mexican" nation,
given expression,, .through ..medinra
of the Associated "Press.
A feature of the inauguration pro
gram was -tlJe distribtJ&Jm - among
the poor of thousands . of dollars
worth of food and blankets.by the
circle- of ff n'ends of President Diaz.
Penniless, Pawned His 'Coffin.1
Atlanta, Ga. The high cost of
living forced M. L. Breman to pawn
his coffin. Some time ago Breman
bought a coffin for his own use be
cause he could '"pick itup' at., .a.
margain." However, he needed some
money and not having anything else
to "soak" Iiq had- the catfln carted
to a pawn shop.
' 1.. ,,. ,
Died at 90 and Neve Shaved. '
Nashville, Ind. Elbert . Merida,
who ?ijve?l: his 90 years rwithout ever
having been ' shaved or having his
hair cut, is dead at his home near,
here of typhoid fever. He was one
of the oldest settlers of Brown
county. In his-jittje-log house are a
number of rattlesnake skins, to the
wieafmg. of wftiwi as'belts .he. at
tributed his. long life. .'
Confederate Reunion May-16-18.
.; New Orlepjie. eorge W. Gordon t
geyeral commanding ., the ' United
Confederate 'Veterans'; "announces
thtrt.he. date pexLt annual re
union of United -Com sdenate Veter
ans, which will be held-:in Little
Rock, Ark., have been fixd for May
16,. 17.and j8, 111. He'anuoyd
also 'tnat' the CVnfederat Mmthern"
Memorial Asocyition wl'dioldVits
meeting in Little flock " simultan
eously. This is expoeted to be one
of the greatest reunions.
End of Denominational Schools?
Fitzgerald, Ga. That within ten
years there would be little use for
the denominational seminaries and
colleges scattered through the
States, as their places would be
filled by the modern high schools,
and that only the, higher institu
tions of learning would be kept up
by the Churches was the statement
made here by Dean Walter Agnew
of the Chattanooga University as he.
ppoke before the Georgia Confer
ence of the Methodist Episcopal
Church, in session here.
TAR HEEL TUBLIC TALK
0rst of Omrrtnt Gooaty ETenta
Clipped and Conde&Md
SOUTHERN'S SPECIAL WORK,
Experts Will be Sent to Develop
Western North Carolina. .
Th'e Southern Railway Company,
through its land and industrial de
partment, is taking rteps to
inaugurate a line of work recently
outliried by President Finley, in
which western North Carolina" is
. Mr. M. A. Hays, who has had long
experience in development work of
all kinds as a representative of the
Southern Railway land and indus
trial department in the New England,
eastern, central, western and north
western States, is to give special
attention for the present to western
Invfdition to the work which Mr.
HaysVill give his special attention
to a trained horticultural and agri
culture agent wil be placed in, west
ern North Carolina, with headquar
ters at Asheville, for educational
andjntensive demonstration work
among the farmers and fruit grow
ers alrf ady , there , and those ' who
may settle in the region. Thi3 agent
wtfl-cjcoperate with the State Agri
cultural Department, the United
States Department of -Agriculture
and '.all other agencies engaged. in
advaryiipg the farming interests of
the section. . . ... .
NORTH CAROLINA CONFERENCE
Part of the Work of lhel34thAnnuaI
. During the past year the follow
ing namepp members of the conference-
lnve died:" Rev." R. A. .Willis;'
Re wjs. Davis, Rev. B. B. Holder
Twd fiew preachers were added to
the "conference, ) these being Revs.
John W. Frank from the Methodist
Pr&testant Ch-urch and Rev. John J.
Lewis from the Methodist Episcopal
Editor Massey of The Raleigh
Christian, Advocate made a report
on the condition of the paperv The
report shows a slight decrease in
subs&ift.tfra but is in good condi
A sensation was sprung in the
third days session when a letter
was read from Rev, L. N. Booth of
Chowan-vcircuit, acknowledging that
he had misappropriated missionary
and ccfnfptence funds amounting Ho
about 200, that he had fled to New
Jersey and could not return the
money. Charges were immediately
preferred and a trial ordered. -His--
congregation had recently
presented him with a fine horsa
and buggy and a new suit of clothes
tbAvear to conference. Chowan
circuit had paid all financial claims.
Revi.s5- -Hv-Puckett has been a
member "of conference for 25 years
Cash and subscriptions amounting
feto JSOQv'as presented ' to him to
uiusu a new uuuse anu iol air tiary
presented by Dr. McCracken andj
others of, Sanford.
Strange Cattle Disease. '
List?-stock owners in several sec
tions of Iredell county are somewhat
alarmed because of .the ravage iof a
contagious deadly disease which
seems to be something new in that
section. Several farmers have re
cently lost cattle which were at
tacked by the new disease. -. ,
Thei'statfr department was appeal
ed " to and an assistant state
veterinarian has arrived to begin
investigations of the desease.
;North Carolinian's Good Job.
postmaster- ueneral Hitchcock
has. appointed James J. Britt to be
tljird assistant postmaster 'general?,
vice A. L. Lawshe, who resigned
lg.at ofiice some time ago.
Mr. Brftt is law officer of the de
partment and ranking official of the
third assistant's bureau.
Mr.-Britt is one of the most active
and prominent young Repuiblcans
of Western North Carolina, and has
his home at Asheville. He is a na
tive of Madison or Mitchell county
and is self-made in every respect.
Educators to Meet in Wilmington.
The annual meeting of the south
eastern division of the Association
of County Superintendents will be
held in Wilmington, Thursday, Fri
day and Saturday, December 8, 9
and 10. High school principals and
superintendents will also be in at
tendance. There are five State di
visions of the Asociation of County
Superintendents and this district is
composed of twenty counties," ' in
which there are thirty-two high
THE GLASS WANTED
- t '
Immigration Question Solved
by Special' Commission.
ABOUT 40 PRINTED ;Y0LUMES.
-- : ; -
Restrict Unmarried, Unskilled La
borers Limit the Number Fop
Any One Part And Declare What
Races Shall be Admitted.
Washington. Sentimental .consid
eration in f restricting immigration
"should be waived in lieu of the eco
nomic problems arista? from ad
verse effects on wages' and living
conditions -which, the iffl'ge number
of aliens have had in recent years
by their entry into basic industries,
according to the final report of the
immigration commission, transmit
ted to Congress. The commission
unanimously urges the restriction
of unskilled labor immigration. '
The commission crefated under
the immigration act of 1907, has ex
pired and the results of its three-
all. phases of ithe immigration ques
tion make about 40 printed volumes.
'"The present immigration move
ment," says the report, "is in large
measure due , to economic causes,
JLUU CHIigl ailUll J. L AUKXi. JJU li uuu
now an absolute economic necessity
and as a rule those who immigrate
to, the United States are impelled
,by, a desire for better conditions
rather than by the necessity of
escaping from intolerable ones. This
fact should largely modify the natu
ral incentive to treat the immigra
tion movement from .the standpoint
of sentiment and .permit is consid
eration! primarily T as an economic
prpblem." . . . -'"v .
' fTh'e commission t presents for the
con8ide.ratio'n' of ' Congress, several
proposals by which " restriction of
immigration might be effecled, in
cluding reading and writing test,
the exclusion of unmarried, amskill
ediaborersi' limitations in the num
ber arriving'' at" any one port and
from particular Vaces; as well as in
the amounts , of '.money required to
be in their possession, on arrival.
The immigrants , now coming, it
is -agreed, "don't furnish any more
criminals ..or. subjects for charity
than thenaiive-bjprn but the ten
dency . toward industrial and city
life remains unchanged in spite of
the fact that1 statistics show the im
migrants, to have been more suc
cessful 'in agriciultural pursuits, In
connection xwith these findings, 'the
repbrt urgesthat tiro dIvisidn,Qf ;;
formation id the bureau of . immi
"gratioh be , so Conducted ' as";to co
pperateNyith the States and various
societies in amore beneficial, dis
tribution of -immigrants among ag
ricultuarl se'j'tipjis where they are
especially' needed.' .
Efforts to exclude all. British East
Indians through an agreement with
Great Rritain thV . entitinnancA rf
.the present Chinese .exclusion laws
as' well as present rregulations .with
regard. to Japanese and Korean im
'migration, the palsag'of'thc.'House
KJII r iV, : J--i'-i: !
uiu ivl me . utpuriaiiuiJL.,)i auen
criminals, with changes iri the im
migra .tjdW. law to make it applicable
to alien seamen .and 1 the appoint
ment, of an additional assisfaAt sec
retary ot'eommerce and Iabtt'; to de
termine rmmigrafen appeals, are
specifically .recommended. .
Seaboard Employees Made.. JIannv.
: Norfolk, Xa.A 5 per cent, in
crease in satary.to all, -clerks jiq its
service receiving $100 or less has
been announced by; the Seaboard.
v Charlotte Cotton.
These figures represent prices
paid to wagons: . ' '-
Good midd ling ... .......... 1 4.35
(Corrected by R.UL Fields & Co.)
Chicken spring 20 23
Butter . . .20 25
Geese per head .45 50
Hens per head 45 50
Eggs ' . 28
(Corrected by Coclirane-McLaughlin
He.. .. ... .-.. -.''. '. . , $1.10
Oats '. . w 52
Conv . . .".V. 78
Always Profit Industry. '
If you have great talents, - Industry
Trill . improve them; ?tf "you havd but
raqderate abilities, .fhdutry wiR sup
ply their deficiency. Ifthltt,4s.-denlei
ibl obtained with"0Ut It, -aogsua R