am YMr, la Adraaca.
" FOR GOD, FOK COUNTRY AND FOR TRUTH. '
PLYMOUTH, N, C FRIDAY, APRIL 12, 1912
LABOR W Oil
INDUSTRIAL WORKERS OF THE
WORLD MAKE TROUBLE IN.
ALL ORIENTALS ARE BARRED
Union Men in- Pacific Coast Cities
Demand the Recognition of
San Francisco. With tbe events of
the last week, the straggle between
the employers of the Pacific coast
and the Industrial Workers of the
World has narrowed down to twq Is
sues. - . -
A manifesto Issued by the San Die
go Free Speech League Is making tbe
fight to spread the open shop propa
ganda. The question of higher wages
and shorter hours has been eliminated
at least, temporarily, in the North
west by the stand of the strikers on
the sole issue of recognition of the
industrial workers' organization.
San Diego ha3 .been beset by the
free speech agitators since January 1,
and the announcement was made that
an army numbering 10,000 industrial
workers would mobilize at San Fran
cisco, Sacramento and Stockton and
march to the Southern city.
San Diego special deputies and cit
izens assert they will meet the re
inforcements of " industrial workers,
now headed souhtward, and will drive
them back. '
The struggle in the Northwest cen
ters around six thousand striking rail
road laborers in British Columbia,and
14,000 sawmill workers in Southwest
ern Washington. The first strike of
the Industrial Workers of the World
in British Columbia was called late in
March, when the laborers on construe-,
tion work on the Canadian Northern
railroad quit. 1 J
Premier Richard McBrlde refused to
aid the employment of Orientals to
take the place of the strikers.
The Washington strike began March
15 with a strike of about 1,500 saw
mill workers. Rioting began almost
immediately and 150 men were arrest
ed. The strike spread to Raymond,
Aberdeen, Seattle and the Hump Tu
lwips river district. At Grays Harbor
the employers granted the demands
of the strikers for a minimum wage
of $2.25 a day. This brought the re
ply that the workers would demand
the recognition of their organization,
regardless of any other grants made
by the employers.,
MADERO RUINING MEXICO
So Charge the Special Commissioners
New York. The three special com
missioners from General Orozco, lead
er of the Mexican revolutionists, who
arrived here to present to the Amer
ican people the 'revolutionists' side
of the present trouble in their coun
try, in a long statement, given out
by Manuel. La Lugan, head of the com
mission, bitterly, assailed the admin
istration of President Madero and de
clared that his tactics in the govern
ment of Mexico are slowly wrecking
Madero is charged with violating
every oath he made to the men that
? helped him to overthrow the reign of
"Diaz. He is charged with misuse of
government funds, with making it im
possibleto walk the highways of Mex
ico in safety, and with not protecting
the interests of foreign business an
the people of his own country.
"The present revolution is not a
new'one;" the statement says; "it is
merely a continuance of the revolu
tion which began when , the rule of
President Diaz became unbearable. It
is intended to carry out the reforms
that it Was hoped would result in
the success of the revolution a year
'ago, the failure of which is a sad
disappointment to patriotic Mexicans,
"Aladero, by what was "almost his
first official act, violated the very
thing we had wodv his use of the
avmy he' not o; -wmiaawu u-
Vent any op
fited the peo
I into the
MISS JOSEPHINE NIC0LL
xStUv '"V" -
The critical Illness of Misa Nlcoll,
daughter of De Lancey NicoM, the fa
mous New York counsel, halted the
trial of John F. Parsons and Washing
ton B. Thomas, Indicted sugar trust
AMERICAN LEADS MEXICANS
SOLDIER OF FORTUNE DIRECTS
THE GUNS WHICH SHELL PAR
RAL FOR INSURRECTOS.
SamueryDrebin of Philadelphia, Com
mands Artillery in Mexican
Army. - - -
Jiminez, Mexico. General Campa
has reformed his insurrecto army and,
according to "a courier, who arrived
here" after being in the saddle a long
while, has begun fc shell Parral,
where General Villa, the victorious
Federal leader, is entrenched.
A dispatch from, General Fernan
dez, one of the rebel leaders, said that
the1 insurrectos has succeeded in sur
rounding the city and cutting off the
food supply. Troops under, General
Salazar of the rebel forces destroyed
portions of the national railway which
runs into Parral, preventing armored
troop trains from entering. The Fed
eral, generals, Vila, DeSoto and Urbi
na,f have defended the city with re
sourcefulness and daring. They have
turned the tallest of the adobe and
stone buildings into blockhouses with
artillery mounted on the roofs.
The number of dead in the city
from cannon and mortar shells is not
known, but the rebel dead and wound
ed in the fighting is 'said to be near
ly four hundred. '
Samuel Drebin, a soldier of fortune,
whose home , is in Philadelphia and
who has fought in many revolutions,
is in command of the rapid-fire bat
tery in the rebel artillery and has
established himself on Prieta Hill, ac
cording to last reports sent.
A number of women are fighting in
the rebel ranks, although General
Orozco has given orders that none of
them be allowed on - the firing line.
The majority of them are soldiers'
COTTON ACREAGE REDUCED
Commissioners of South Place Reduc
tion at 15 to 25 Per Cent.
Columbia, S. C Commissioners of
agriculture of" seven of the principal
cotton states, making report to E. J.
Watson, .president of the Southern
Cotton Congress, placed the estimate
of reduction of acreage at from 15 to
25 per cent. This reduction, in the
opinion of Mr. Watson, has been
brought about by the working of the
Rock Hill plan and the wet season.
ThA information was furnished a3 a
result of letter sent out a week ago
by Mr. Watson to all cotton states.
Replies were received from Georgia.
Alabama. North Carolina, Mississippi,
Oklahoma, Texas and Tennessee. A
similar condition, he says, exists in
Socialists Lose In Milwaukee.
Milwaukee, WTis. -With a flood of
non-partisan ballots, Milwaukee vot
ers swept from ofce the city's Social
ist administration. Installed a non
partisan mayor, board of aldermen
and county board of supervisors and
probably eliminated every national po
litical party from participation la fu
ture municipal elections in the state
of Wisconsin, because, aa a result of
the non-partisari victory la .. Milwau
kee, the state legislature, soon to be
convened, is expected to pass a non
partisan cltyjtlon statute. ' ,
LEVEES BROKEN BY
Mississippi r i fis
REELFOOT LAKE EMBANKMENTS
BREAK AND WATER COVERS
150 MILES OF COUNTRY,
SITUATION IT VERY GRAVE
Workers Battle Against Waves Until
Collapse, and Then Are Forced
to Flee for Their Lives.
SUMMARY OF SITUATION.
. ' r- . ,
Reelfoot Lake levee has col-
lapsed. Flood water spreading
over several counties in Ken-
tucky and Tennessee. Estimated
150 square miles will be inun-
tral district, 638 miles. Lies be-
tween Columbus, Ky., and Vicks-
River distance through which
4 strain is heaviest ever known,
318 miles. ILies between Colum-
bus, Ky., and Helena, Ark.
Crest of flood not in sight, ac-
cording to official statements.
Rise beginning to be felt as
far south as Natchez. Miss.
Farming land flooded, unpro-
tected by levees, 300,000 acres.
4 Farm land endangered, submit
to immediate overflow if levee
break at important points, 900,-
Damage already estimated, ,
Lives endangered by maroon-
ing of householders in central
district, twenv. v
Number so Ifar rescued from
perilouplaeSa, 3,000 or more.
Memphis, Tenn. With gne main
levee gone, water lapping the crest
of the embankments at half a dozen
points and several breaks believed
to be only the question of hours, Ma
jor Clark S. Smith, Ujnited States en
gineer directing the fight against the
water's -encroachment, described the
Mississippi river flood situation as
grave. 1 The Reelfoot Lake levee, west
of Hickman, Ky., was the flrstof the
main embankments to go.
. Golden lake, 50 miles north of Mem
phis, and the levee on the Arkansas
side, eight miles below this city, are
regarded as in Imminent dangeiv At
both points sandbags have been piled
on the surface of the revetments to a
height of one and a half feet, and the
water is washing over. At Mund
City, Ark., and at Holy Bush also the
levees threaten to cave. . ,
. Pitiful cases of destitution have
been relieved in various parts of the,
wide stretches of country embraced
in the central section of the valley.
Hickman, Ky., houses about 3,500 ref
ugees, partly in tents, and these in
clude some 2,000 or more employees
of factories living in 900 or more
houses flooded in ; Hickman. Colum
bus, Ky., New Madrid, Mo.; Dorena,
Mo., are the towns seriously affected
by the invading waters. Thousands
of . town people have sought higher
ground. Hundreds of head of live
stock have perished, wnue many
times the number were taken to
points of afety before the rise.
F0SS QUITS THE RACE
Governor of Massachusetts Orders His
Name Taken From Ballots.
nAatnn fifiv. Eugene N. Foss with
drew his name from the presidential
i 1 IT - T n 1-f
preference primary uwwu m
. .. ..Annmnanvinir th a withdrawal, he
ICl ttWVUifcuj - '
asked that delegate candidates pledg-
. ( . LAMAlA'Aa r. ...
ed to nim consiaer lueuiecnes ap un
pledged, x '
In explanation or nis acuon, uov
ha had learned reore-
C 1 lkJ l 4.vwj -
sentatives of one or more of the avow
ed candidates for president were pre
paring to withdraw their names out of
courtesy 1p him. He asks that those
representatives be urged to permit the
names of their candidates to remain,
as if only one name apyeareu uu
t,r,n TL-nnUi he eiven for an expres-
sion of popular preference, which
would defeat tno purpose oi u viei
Virginia Outlaws Refused Food.
Hillsville, Va. According to "Sug
Smith, who Uvea over Mount ; Airy
way, toward the Carolina line, Sidna
Allen and Wesley Edwards, the two
courthouse assassins, came to his cab
in and begged for food. Allen came
to his door, he said, and Edwards
stood guard. Allen declared neither
had taken food that day. They got
none from Smith. The posses are
posting copies ot Governor Mann's
proclamation, calling upon all citizens
to withhold ail frora th fiili'.ve out-
V , LM - "
Mr. Tillman is senator from South
Carolina and one of the Democratic
leaders in the upper house.
AVIATOR RODGERS KILLED
FIRST AVIATOR TO CROSS AMERI
CAN CONTINENT IS KILLED
AT LONG' BEACH, CAL.
Biplane Began Frightful Descent and
Crashed Against Surf, Rodgers
Being Mangled in Wreck. .
Long Beach, Cal. Calbraith P. Rod
gers, the first man 4o cross the Amer
ican continent In an aeroplane, was
killed here almost instantly when bis
biplane, in which he had been soar
ing dyer the ocean, fell from a height
of 200 feet and buried him in the
wreck. His neck was broken and his
body badly mashed by the engine of
his machine. He lived but a few mo
Rodgers, for a week past, had been
making daily flights here and had
taken up with him many passengers,
both men and women. He started
from his usual place and soared out
over the ocean, crossing the pier and
then turned and dipped close to &
roller coaster in a beach amusement
park. .'t .
, Seeing a flock of gulls disporting
themselves among the great shoal of
sardines just over the breakers, Rodg
ers again turned and dived down into
them scattering the. sea fowl in all.
Highly elated with the outcome of
his dive, "Rodgers then flew farther
out to sea, all the "time 'gradually ris
ing until he had reached a height of
about 200 feet. -' .'
Making a short turn, he started at
full speed for the pier, then suddenly
dipped hi3 planes and his machine be
gan a frightful descent. Rodgers was
seen by hundreds of persons on the
pier to relax his hold on the levers
and then seemingly realizing that he
was in danger, he made strenuous ef
forts to pull the nose of his machine
Into a level position.
Failing in this he managed to turn
his craft further in shore and an in
stant later the craft crashed into the
edge of the surf, not 500 feet from
the spot where, on December 10, last,
he had finished his ocean-to-ocean
flight. Many men rushed to his aid.
Ernest Scott and James Goodwin,
life, guards, were the first to reach
him. They said Rodgers head was
hanging over one wing of the ma
chine, the heavy engine was on his
back and his feet werev drawn up'
nearly doubling over his shoulders.
Blood was flowing from his mouth.
Rodgers was lifted from the wreck
and hurried to the bath house hospi
tal. He died on the way.
Mrs. McRee Is Free.
Opeloueas, La.--Mrs. Zee Runge Mc
Ree, who shot her young friend, Al
lan Garland, to death in her home
here September 21 last, was acquitted
by a jury of the charge of manslaugh
ter. Holding her golden-haired lit
tle daughter, "allera, in her arms,
and with tears streaming down her
cheek, Mrs.' McRee arose as soon as
the foreman, had announced the ver
dict and thank?d the jury. All smiles
and all tears, njisband and wife em-
i i K.
Tariff Revision by Tariff Beard.
WashinKton.-FrTesident Taft, in an
address to th members of the Ameri
can Cotton Manufacturers' Associa
tion, renewed his plea for revision of
the tariff jinly by a tarlif board that I
scientiflc 'lines. Sanitary impro
ments In Southern cotton mills c
stltnte cn of the most Impoi'i
changes in cotton mill construct
according to T. K. Sirrine of C
ville, S. C. Healthful working j
ters a' f Mkiv.i; thq place of u:.h;'
ful sf ' -l..z. hv said.
INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT THE
W0RK OUTLINED BY MR. MOSS
Finest Grades of Tobacco Cannot be
Grown Successfully on Rich Soil.
Experiment Station in This County
i3 Located Near Oxford.
Raleigh. A special from Oxford
states that an interview with E. C.
Moss, assistant in the Federal tobacco
experiment work, brought out some in
teresting facts about the demonstra
tion work, in Granville county. This
experiment station is located about
two rliiles west of Oxford and Is now
entering upon the second year of its
operation. It is conducted jointly by
the North Carolina Department of Ag
riculture and the United States De
partment of Agriculture. There are
two similar stations in the state, one
in Rockinbgham and the other in Pitt
The purpose of this work is out
lined by Mr. Moss. It is a well-established
fact that the finest grades
of tobacco can not be grown success
fully on rich .soil. 1 Wherever this is
attempted -the quality becomes im
paired, . This : necessarily holds the
yield down to a very low average in
pounds. As an illustration no suc
cessful farmer will attempt to . raise
a fine grade of tobacco after a crop of
cowpeas or clover. The excessive
amount of nitrogen produces a coarse
plant that sells at a very low price
on the market. . This Granville sta
tion therefore, has for its. distinctive
purpose the discovery through experi
ments of a way to increase the yield
without affecting the quality of the
tobacco. - . f
The procedure is going forward
along three distinct lines: fertilizer
experiments, crop rotations, and va
riety tests. In the fertilizer tests trie
different sources of nitrogen, pho3
phocir acid and potash are being test-1
ed out separately in order to find those
that will give the largest yield without
lowering the quality.
Was Saved From Electric Chair.
After being first sentenced to death
and then, after a new' trial was pro
cured by appeal to the Supreme Court
and consigned to the penitentiary for
seventeen years -Charles Murphy -' of
Yancey county began serving his sen
tence, being committed by Sheriff Ed
wards of Yancey county. He killed
Jahn Simmons because Simmons
would not give him some whiskey
when he stopped him in the public,
road anl asked for it. ' On the second
trial, evidence of irresponsibility of
Murphy through the effects of epileptic
fits was injected into the evidence and
submitted to the jury thereby saving
Murphy from the electric, chair.
Commence Work on Norfolk-Southern
Surveyors have commenced , work
on a direct line for the Norfolk' South
ern railroad from Mount G Head ; tc
Charlotte. This is a new route -from
the cne surveyed recently by way of
Albemarle, Mount Pleasant and Con
cord and is said to be about 10 mile's
shorter. Great difficulty wa3 experi
enced in getting from Mount Gilead
and Troy across the Yadkin valley in
to Albemarle by reason of some heavy
construction. In fact the report comes
that! it was necessary to deflect the
linei about six miles to get through
at aji. .
A Deal in Pasquotank Dirt.
A deal In rasquotanic dirt or consid j
erable interest has been consummate!
here when a deed transferring 2.5?
acres of timber land in Newland to
cliis frnm C. I, Hinntnn ami VirntT
son$ of the late John Louis I
nofcd for his eccentricity, and r
to ithe, Foreman-Bladen Lumbe
par.y of Elizabeth City was
In the office of the register
the consideration being, $2
lard contains some fi'..if
To Operate Au
J. If. Lehm?
recently acr f
BEAUFORT SCHOOL MATTERS
Recent Meeting of County Association
of School Committeemen and .
What Was Done. '
WashingSiKi. The Heaufort County ;
Association' of School Committeemen "
recffntlv held a meetine in the court'
house here. The' association was or-
ganizedJast fall by Superintendent W.
L. Vaughan ftnd' Prof.;L." C. Brogdon, "
and at that time it was decided to hold
two meetings during' the school "yir
for the discussion.offs'uch schoolques- ,
tion3 as might be of interest 'to the
county at large. , . . '
The meeting was called 'to order by',
the president, B. p.. Rowe.- Roll call'-
oy me secretary, buperinceuaeui. . v .
L. Vsughan, showed, good number of
the districts repreted.'.J, ''1?$. : ;
. Mr. . Kowe, 'Who ,1s a , tarmeriroij ' j
the Small schopl (district ?and 'himself
a committeeman, and one of the . most
entnusias.tic,tScnoo4 men inline county, .
made some Jopehig remarks, telling
the Dumoae of tbe.meetinK and tbe
3 t. ! . J. i. X . - .At " , T
dutj.es arrd he hoped c,,this. assocl8o. :,
will arouse them to a greater etffqrk0!
perform their; duties. - HeteTijpnasIjiea -
the ;need of .better schools in tlte.'coun-
try oistnctr, ana ionger terws.'fiaus
giving the country child ah .qual ad
vantage with the. cityjChildV TJl: fu
ture of the county an d"" state jests, up- ' n
on tne snouiaers oume rajnere sum
mothers and teachers "!'qf tnis.igen'era-
necessarily, live ajjiHc, 'and-'mea r$
mustlear& If theywold give -their. , :C
childrenad vantages they muist pay or' (
ITT. I Jl - J 1 l.
rla...-foV hetfr.' attMidanice: f and iSaJd"
n men win hoc nave lueir cbihucu ,
I m mm - " .
should h forced t6 dona bt thfe'liw.". J- .
North Carolina Staei.Fal'r.l '1 '"
Col. Joseph" E'.! Ppgue,- secrets ry'ffrt
the North ' Carolina Stated PairA'says i
the circuit organization off the 'cbajn
and South Carolina' is well adjosti v
n train after threatpned dlsruDtion that.
grew out of a misunderstanding of U
S".it.. C.,l, Ylnnli'mi falm'n'a T
to. their dates. Jn the final1 adjustment
the North Carolina State- Fair regains-
its original dates.-- He.says tnefoutioos -is
for an eminently sucqesSfu fair' this
fall. ..The executive (Committee' i's" de
termined to put the present buildiga
and . equipment .in the r beat ! of condl-.. ;
tion for the. fair. TTherV is. stijl a .por v . .
slbility, too, that public-spirited itfiti-
zehs mav come fo the atd.of the fair
vestment for themseivesiby floating a.. .
bended, debt that wUl'.eaable the di-;
reetprs' to efect 'another modrcB fire
proof building. " .'? 'I
North' Carolina New. Enterprises. -
Charters are issued ' far" Carolina
Amusement & Investment. Co. OS Ashe
yille capita.1 $20,00 authorized and
$1,200 subscribed,? Trfhcetoa iCotton
Mill Company, , S;alisbUpy'.capitfil,-'-,
00ft ".by M. L.' Ja.cksbnjVrr 'Mr'"
Gilbert F. Ha'nipfary; the" !b-
1 : f-.r
tal $25,000 by G. ,S.V,4
Call and John T. -FI?
ern Drainage Comp,
capital $50,000 by.',
C. W. Hodge a.n0
drainage and eur
Polk county War
Myer & f