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Yr, la Adranc. : . FOR OOD. FQK COUNTRY AND FOR TRUTH. " r ClasS Ctj f CtcS
VOL. XxTl. PLYMOUTH, N. C FRIDAY, APRIL 19, 1912 NO43.
icvinn ip uixniirn
to UU 0 Mm LU
BY UNITED STATES
UNCLE SAM HAS TIRED OF STATE
OF ANARCHY IN SOUTH
', ERN REPUBLIC.
WILL BE NO INTERVENTION
United States WilLNot Stand for At
tacks on Americans and for Dam.
ago of American Property.
Washington.--Warning was issued
by the United States to the Mexican
government as well as to Gen. Pas
cual Orozco, chief of the revolution
ary forces, that "it expects and must
demand that American life and prop
erty be justly and adequately pro
tected, and that this government must
hold Mexico and the Mexican people
responsible for all wanton or illegal
acts, sacrificing or endangering Amer
ican property or interests."
The attitude of the United States,
as expressed to both the Federal and
rebel authorities is that any maltreat
ment of American citizens "will be
deeply resented by the American gov
ernment and, people, ,and must be
fully answered for by the Mexican
people." . ' -
Acting Secretary Huntington Wil
son of the state department, who Is
sued special instructions, to Ambas
sador Henry Lane Wilson at Mexico
City at Chihuahua, authorized the
statement that intervention was' not
contemplated by .the United States.
, Ambassador Wilson was ordered to
communicate at once the views of
the United) States to the Mexican min
ister for foreign affairs and a copy
. of hi instructions was likewise sent
to Marion i Letcher, American consul
at ; Chihuahua, with special represen
tations addressed to General Orozco.
Orozco recently refused to recog
nize Mr. Letcher as the American
consular representative because the
United States withheld recognition of
the rebel cause. , The, representations
to Orozco accuse him of "practical
murder" of Thomas Fountain, an
American gunner, enlisted with the
Federals, summarily executed last
week when taken prisoner-by the in
surrectos. ".' .
Though declining to justify partici
pation by Americans on either side
of the revolution, the United States
expressly stipulates that American
combatants when taken prisoner must
be given humane treatment in accord
ance with the international rules of
BROTHERS KILL 13 PEOPLE
Wave of Crime Near Birmingham Was
Work of Two Brothers.
Birmingham, Ala. The .murder mys
teries of Lewisburg have at last been
partially cleared. Confessions were
obtained from Arthur and Walter
Jones, brother, in which they acknowl
edged to nine murders, as follows:
William H. Rhea, white, shot from
ambush, in 1909.
George Shumaker, white;' shot on
Five Mile vreek bridge, in 1905.
L. V. Evans, white; shot from am
bush, October 3, 1911.
Sam Thomas, Will Spencer, Louis
Lowry, Handsome Woodruff, Robert
Malone, Shep Chaney,-all colored.
' Neither of the Jones brothers has
yet said anything , about the murder
of J. W. Ellard and his son. '
S. S. TITANIC HITS ICEBERG
Largest Vessel Afloat With 1,300 Souls
Aboard, Strikes on Mountain of Ice.
Cape Race, N. F.jThe steamship,
the Titanic called "C. Q. D.?' and re
ported having struck an Iceberg. The
steamer said that immediate assist
ance was required. Half an hour af
terwards another message came re
porting that they were sinking' by the
head and that women were being put
off in the lifeboats.
The weather was calm and clear,
the Titanic's wireless operator re
ported and gave the position of the
vessel 41.46 north latitude and 50.14
The Marconi station at Cape Race
notified the Allan liner Virginian, the
captain of which immediately advised
that he was proceeding to the scene
of the disaster.
Wheat Advances 10 Cents a Bushel.
Chicago. Ten , cents . a bushel ad
Vance in the price of wheat was the
worst crop scare in the United States
since 1907. More than four cent'
the big rise took place in
many minutes of bedlam on -Again
and again the price et
only to jump once more up t4
high figures which had startled
i nerves ofeven the most h?'"
- plungers IJhe Plt- The strl .
tinued without slight cessal evt?
the jangling gtongs at the close j
cd the speculators from tha i
SOLDIERS MOURN HER.
- r -''? '
MISS CLARA BARTON,
Founder and First President of the
American ' National Red Cross
APPALLING ERUPTION REPORTED
NEAR BOCAS DEL TORO IN
Captain Olsvik, Who Saw the Erup
tion, Says Flames Shot High,
- Then Lava Followed. -
Mobile, Ala. Thousands of persons
have been killed and whole Indian vil
lages swept a way by the eruption of
Chriqui Peak, near Bocas del Toro, in
Honduras, according to the story, of
Captain Olsvik of the United Fruit
steamer, Fort Morgan, which, arrived
here. ' ' ' '
The eruption occurred on April 5,
about four o'clock in the morning.
. "I learned before leaving that the
third of a row of mountain peaks, situ
ated' about a mile from, us, had burst
into flame or had turned into a vol
"The base of the mountain and its
slopes are inhabited by a number of
Indian villages. It is supposed that
these have been totally destroyed by
the lava. ; : l; . . "
"I can't say how high the' flames
burst from the mountain, , but it seem
ed; like three or four miles. I never
saw such a sight in my life." ,
Scientists Prove Telephones Do Not
It Is reassuring to learn on what
appears to be excellent authority that
the danger of acquiring tuberculosis
through the use of telephones is
practically inconsiderable. Some
time ago an inquiry into the condi
tion of public telephones In this coun
try produced only negative results. A
further Inquiry of a more elaborate
kind has since been made in England
and the conclusions are equally en
couraging. Ths experiments were
planned by Doctor Spitta, bacteriolo
gist to the king, at the instance of
the postmaster general. First he
picked various telephones which, had
been in use for various periods, and
having prepared washings from: the
mouthpieces Inoculated a number of
guinea pigs to determine the pres
ence of tubercle bacilli. The results
were in every case negative. The
telephones in this series of cxperi-
meula Were uuuocu at tauuvu um
railway stations, meat markets, postj
offices and other . public places. But
Doctor Spitta was not fully satisfies
and advised ' th9 postmaster general
to allow him to undertake further ex
periments with telephones used xx
clusively by - consumptive ' patien.
Accordingly telephones were fitted Jn
the ward3 of a sanatorium and used
by patients in various stages of pul
monary tuberculosis. , They were nei
ther, sterilized nor even-wiped while
in use and at various intervals he
mouthpieces were removed and hand
ed over to Doctor Spitta for Invostl
gatlon. The experiments were car
ried on during the year 1911 and 3nal
reporthas now been published slow
ing thfl,i the results were uniformly
negative. Doctor S pitta's conclusion
la ".thit the transmission of tubercu
losIsthrough the . medium of the tel
ephca mouthpiece, is practically im
possmie." New York Evening Sn,
Marcu 27, 1912. . '
Ne V York Backs President Taft
Rochester, N.i Y. After nearly
thr" '-ours of eechmaking the Re
i state convention adopted a
urging New' York's delega
Vhe Chicago national conven
Havor the renominatioa kf
i elected four delegates
'rnates to that con
'iirned sine die. The
' the platform was
York, who favors
CLARA BARTON .
CAUSE OF DEATH WAS CHRONIC
PNEUMONIA WHOLE. NATION
MOURNS LOSS. '
FOUNDED THE RED CROSS
Mi33 ' Barton's Services to Humanity
Were -Recognized by Foreign
Washington. Clara Barton, founder
of the American Red Cross Society,
died at her home in Glen Echo, Md.
The cause of her death was chronic
pneumonia, with which ; she was
stricken about a year ago. Her broth
er, Stephen Barton of Boston, was
with her when she died. (
Miss Barton was born at Oxford,
Mass., in 1821. Miss Barton had been
confined to her home, "Red Cross,"
at Glen Echo1 since last fall, when
she returned from a visit to New
England., It was thought her trip
was beneficial, but soon afterward
she was taken severely ill.
She celebrated her 90th birthday
anniversary December 23, when she
received many messages of, congrat
ulation from all parts of the world.
. Clara Barton might probably be call
ed the Florence IMghtingale of Amer
ica. Like her British prototype her
works of mercy were not confined to
her native land, but were carried even
into the eastern hemisphere. She will
be ; written J down in history as the
founder of the Red Cross in America,
but her powerful personality also
made an indelible impression upon
the International organization Itself
through her active participation In
the periodical conferences' at Geneva,
Rome. Vienna and St. Petersburg. ;
During her lifetime she received
many decorations f romx foreign coun
tries in recognition of her services to
humanity and her varied experiences
have been recorded in permanent
form in her liberal contributions to
literature. . ;
GENERAL FRED GRANT DEAD
Son of Famous Civil War Leader
Passes Away in New York City.
New York. Gen. Frederick D.
Grant, commander of the department
of the east and son of the famous
Civil war general, died suddenly at
the Hotel Buckingham, where he had
beed secretly, taken by his physicians.
Although there had been rumors of
General Grant's illness and reports
that he would never, again take up
his duties on-Governor's Island, news
came as a distinct shock to the pub
lie. According to Dr. . Robert Abbe
.and Dr. Edward B. Dench, his physi
cians, the death of the general was
caused by heart failure. He had been
suffering for some time, they assert
ed in an official statement, from "dia
betes and attendant digestive disturb
ances." , General Grant's death vacates the
post which, next' to that of chief of
staff, is regarded as the most Import
ant in. the army commander-in-chief
of the eastern division. Thi3 posi
tion is of such Importance that it can
not long be permitted to remain va
cant, hence it is probable that very
soon after the funeral it will be nec
essary to detail an officer of high
rank to the position, probably Maj.
Gen. William A. Carter, now assistant
chief of staff. ;
Electoral Fuss Decided by Law.
-Washington. Again a controversy
has arisen as to the size of the elec
toral college which" will choose the
next president. ' By some, it Is con
tended that the size of the present
house, rather, than the new house to
be elected, In -November, Is the deter
mining factor and the suggestion is
made that the depatfment of Justice
be asked for an opinion. In 1812
there were 213 - electors,- though the
congress expiring March 4, 1812, con
tained only 178 members. A similar
situation, existed in 1832, agaiii In
1872 and again in 1892, and the same
precedents were followed. There is
no room for doubt that the electoral
college of this year I will consist of
531 members. i
Drastic Measure Against Futures. ,
Washington. Another; anti-option
bill is being framed by the house
committee on agriculture, of which
Representative John Lamby of Virginia
ia chairman and will be Reported to
the house at an early date. io difficul
ty Is anticipated In passing the meas
ure .through the house, but Us fate
in tha ste-nate la eivin thn frieflds of
the measure cause for concern At
v. Ijat Eacciiin a. Araatln nnil invi-
optlon bili was sent over tpen
af an! never carv. -v.t J -o fcr-Jt-
HE DIED SUDDENLY.
MAJ. GEN. FREDERICK D. GRANT.
ILLINOIS HOLDS PRIMARY
ROOSEVELT AND CLARK ARE RE
TURNED WINNERS IN ILLINOIS.
J. Hamilton Lewis Nominated by the
Democrats for the United
States Senate. .
Chicago. Wiuners in the Illinois
preferential, advisory and direct pri
mary elections are as follows:
For president, Champ Clerk. Demo
crat; TheodQro Roosevelt, Republi
For United States senator, L. Y.
Sherman, Republican; J. H. Lewis,
For governor, Charles S. Deneen,
Republican r Edward F. Dunne, Dem
. Colonel Roosevelt's state managers
claimed his "majority 'over President
Taft was from 100,000 to 150,000.
, Presidential '., delegates were not
named on the ballots, and will be
elected by congressional districts and
at large, the effect of the vote being
only to serve as & guide to party of
ficials as indicating party feeling.
Sherman's lead over Cullom for the
advisory vote for United States sena
tor was small, and complete returns
from out in the state might overthrow
the apparent result.
Governor , Deneen's chief fight was
against 'Sub-Treasurer Len Small, re
ferred to in the campaign as a candi
date of Senator Lorimer. Governor
Deneen won from Small about 5 to 3
in the state. Deneen's indicated ma
jority in Cook county was 28,000. (
Roosevelt carried the home wardi of
Congressman William B. McKinjtey,
Taft's campaign manager, in- Cham-naien-
he was successful in the Sev
enteenth congressional district, where
Col. Frank L. Smith, the Tart scaie
manaeer. lives, and in Former Speak
er Joseph G. Cannon's home city of
Danville Roosevelt polled 1.S44
Senator LaFollette polled a sfaall
vote. In Cook county.-where it
uearea neavieai.. iub ihuwudiu
ator had an apparent vote of 14,
where Roosevelt's apparent vote Was
8B.144 and that of Taft 52,064.
While Colonel Roosevelt's .lead In
Cook county wa3 on a basi3 of j ap
proximately 8 to G over Taft, returns
from out in the state indicate he ran
stronger there, in places as high as
5 to 1, bringing the estimated aver
age to 5 to 2.
TRADE CONGRESS ENDS
3enator Fletcher of Florida Chosen to
Head Southern Commercial
Nashville. Tenn. The Southern
Commercial Congress elected its offi
cers, as follows:
President, Senator Duncan U.
Fletcher of Florida.
First vice president, David R. Fran
cis of St. Louis.
Second vice president, Thomas S.
Southgate, Norfolk, Va.
Resident director, Wiliam H. Saun
Managing director, S. Grosvenor
Secretary-treasurer, Clarence J.
Owens, Riverdale, Md.
In adidtion - to resolutions - hereto
fore adopted, .the waterways confer
ence adopted one approving . the Na
tional Rivers and Harbors Congress'
advocacy of an annual appropriation
of $50,000,000 for waterway improve
$20,000,000 a Year for Good Roads. '
Washington. Senator Robert I
Oken of Oklahoma addressed the sen
ate advocating Senator Swanson's bill
to appropriate $20,000,00o annually
for fi?e years to aid the slates and
local committees in the improvement
of public roads. The bill provides for
the consirucuviu, mamini-f trana im-
ie construction, inaintensTif"and im
rovement of post roads a:.1' ' Iral de
very routes through the; c (eration
ad joint action of the f.il nov-
, .- nidi rV 'oH'iysil.
OF HORTJT STftTE
THE MOST IMPORTANT ONES
ARE THOSE OF COTTON, TO
BACCO AND LUMBER.
THE STATISTICS ARE GIVEN
Fourth Most Important Industry i
That of Extracting Oil From Cotton
Seed or Refining Crude Cotton Seed
Oil This Industry on Increase.
Charlotte. The three great manu
facturing industries in North Carolina
are those of cotton, tobacco anl lum
ber. In 1909, as shown by the censu3
of 1910, they gave employment to 1-9,
435 wage earners, their products were
valued at $142,192,000, the raw. mate
rial was valued at $75,038,000 and the
value added by manufacturing was
$67,154,000, the three representing
very nearly 66 per cent of the r total
value of all the manufactured products
In North Carolina.
. The fourth most important manu
facturing industry in North Carolina,
as shown by the report of the United
States Census Bureau, is that which
is primarily engaged In extracting
oil from cotton seed or in refining
crude cotton seed oil The statistics
given for oil, cotton seed and cake
show that in the five years, 1904-1909,
the percentage of increase in the
value of the products of the business
was greater than any other of the im
portant industries of the state, reatfi
ing $8,504,000. In 1909 it became the
fourth of the important industries of
the state, passing the flour and grist
mills and the furniture industries,
which la 1904 had been in the fourth
and fifth places
The large increase In the value of
the products was due In part to the
rise in value of crude cotton seed oil.
yet the industry is one that is grow
ing year by year outside of this rise
In price; In 1909 there were 53 estab
lishments engaged in the business,
with 1,165 employes, the value added
by manufacture being $1,414,000, show
ing the value of the raw material to
have been $7,000,000, the value of the
product having been $8,504,000.
Views of North Carolina.
"Picturesque North Carolina" will
be the subject of a new moving pic
ture that will soon be made and plac
ed on view. It is the purpose of the
promoters of the enterprise to visit
many of the scenic points of Interest
in the various parts of the state, in
cluding Cape Hatteras, Kittyhawk,
Nags Head, and other places on the
coast. Bath, the oldest town in the
state, the rice and truck farms around
Wilmington, the piedmont country, the
mountains, Blowing Rock, Toxaway,
Asheville, Waynesvllle, and the Van
derbilt estate at Biltmore. The pic
ture wilLbe about 1,000 feet in length.
A soon as it is finished,' it will be
shown in Charlotte and then sent
throughout the state.
Politics In Surry County.
Politics are beginning to be whis
pered a little on the streets and pub
lic places, but so far it is hard to
find out much about who's who or
what's what. Ex-Judge George P.
Pell is the choice of our people for
corporation commissioner. For United
States senator, the wishes of our peo
ple are pretty well divided now be
tween Simmons, Clark and Kitchln,
with the chances in Simmons' favor,
aliliough. it will take a primary lo set
tle it. As to the governor, no name
is mentioned in connection therewith,
save that of Craig.
Undergoing General Re-alinement.
The contest in North Carolina" Dem
ocratic ranks over the United States
senatbrship involving the seat held
the past two terrn3 by Senator F. ,M.
Simmons is undergoing a general re
alinement since the tragic death of
former Governor Chas. B. Ayccck,
whose candidacy was looming up
omenously for the other three candi
dates Simmons, Governor W. W,
Kltchin and Chief Justice Walter
Clark, of the supreme court.
Quick Campaign To Raise Funds.
There is to be a quick campaign In
raising the needed funds to erect j;.
statue in honor of the memory f
Charles Brantley Aycock, North '
Una's beloved son, who lately" r
sleep." Stej-ij' a Hkea in,'
ter immediat-rlc JL
of the Aycfutivr-''
wbn the exfaiy
determined to .
plans for or:
J.Ion;umetU A ' '
tk5, V: -?-'
NQfRTH CAROLINA WINS CASE
THe Commerce Court Decides With
the State in Its Rate Contention
Against the Railroads.
j Raleigh. The United States Su
preme Court has handed down a deci
sion in favor of the North Carolina
Corporation Commission against the
Norfolk and Western Railroad, secur
ing a general reduction on freight
jrates from Cincinnati to Winston-Sa-em
and Durham, and also the reduc
tion of the local rates from Roanoke
t! Winston-Salem and from Lynchburg
to, Durham. ,
1 Attorney General Bickett was seen
an being asked his opinion, said:
"Ol course I am gratified that the
cas was decided in our favor. It was
fought very stubbornly not only by '
the Norfolk and Western but ' the
Southern, the Seaboard and the' At
lantic Coast Line. This fight was
madev because the railroads feared,
and ve hope that ultimate benefits of
the' decision will reach much further,
thai; ie order of the Interstate Com- ,
merjte Commission In this freight
casej I fail to see how the Southern
Rafl fay can keep from putting ia the
rediced rates to Greensboro. The
S6utpern will have to meet the re-'
dueed rates to Durham and at Wln
etfn Salem, or quit handling any of
this traffic, and if it does meet the
ratetjat Durham and Winston-Salem,
thenjunder the long and short- haul
clau of the Commerce Act it . will
hvej to put in the same rates at
G -eepboro and at all points "betweea
Grecasboro and Winston-Salem
Mom Arrests In Lake Mystery. '
Although a month has expired since
the first interesting developments In
the Mykle Hawkins mystery and the
next teta of court will no convene
for a ra)nth yet, interest i has by no
means ied out in this case, ' which
has attrjeted such wide attention and
carries 'ith it many baffling features.
Accordii? to one man who has taken
great Inrest In the matter since the
body of jlyrUe Hawkins was found in
Lake Oeola on the morning of Sep
tember 10, and who will follow the
proceedngs closely, it would be no
surprisj to him K developments more
sensatinal than any of the past in
this cae takes place immediately. It
Is a kqiwn fact that investigations are
being jiade along certain lines which
tend $ enmesh others into the case
and cirify themystery. .
North Carolina New Enterprises.
Thl followingcharters were issued
by tie secretarybf state: Shute Brick
Company, of Molroe, to manufacture,
sell ind deal in bick. The authorized
capfal is $2,000, Vll subscribed by J.
T. bute, C. W. Slke and J. E. Shute.
Thf" Andrews andWaddell Furniture
Coftpany, of Goldboro, changes its
nape to the Wayt Furniture Com-
paiy and increaseiita capital stock
frm $5,000 to $25,01. J. F. White is
president and T. A.Vienley is secre
tary. The Odell Halware Company,
of Greensboro amen its charter so
s4 to extend its busUgg to othe
branches and increased capital from!
$00,000 to $500,000. Varies HIre
Und is president and JVorman Will"
intends to rorm MMocian
i xvir. u. m. iiui,9, ocvimry
I T T.i rr..M. n .. -l
Durham' Commercial ClubVas
ed from Greensboro, Hig
Charlotte, where he went
nMa r f nfaraaHn? thA
clubs and business men of
Jn the organization of a
s'oclation to make the fig.
freight rates for North (
The secretary of the
found all of the cities
A. win. anflNVAaf ftf
few weeks he will
mington and other
era part of the st
In the chamj
the Wake Coi
its regular rf