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0 / 75
HO has not knlwn Switzer
land the past five years knows
not the Switzerland of today.
The cascades, ,' the torrents,
and rivers run there still, but
they are cont piled and util
ized. The rjountalns rear
their lofty hea, but not as of
old. They are bnquered and
The early su imer of 1911
indicated that tl s heat was to
be unusual in I aly, and that
" ' we must leave o r villa on the
heights near S. Minlato for somi cool retreat,
land Switzerland was decided u on. Our ap
proach thither was by Lago d Como, plan
ining to remain a few days at Tr mezzo, where
'the summer preceding we lia enjoyed for
'.nearly two weeks,' the compani nshlp of sev
leral American friends.
From Tramezzo we took stean jr for Menag
tgio, crossed by the railroad to Po lezza on Lake
Lugano, over which we sailed, j:kst Lugano to
'Capo dl Lago and by the "rack art pinion'.' rail
road to Monte Generoso, condea to offer the
widest, most varied, and beeltlfjil expanse of
imountain scenery in SwitzerlndJ its only rival
, the Gorner GraL
In our approach down the
Lake of Lucerne
!by the historic point wfclre Tell jumped
ashore, past the Rlgi, and t
e many summits
that rise from the shores of
hat historic lake,
"we began to observe thewctderful results of
Swiss energy and ability TLt rack and pinion,
railroad takes one. to tne sifcimlt of Pilatus,.
about 6,000 feet, altitude, whle the night may
be passed In a large comfcraable hotel, and
'returns you to Lucerna next porning fo the
; moderate charge cf twenty-ave francs, cov
'ertng all charges for the excursion. The rack
land pinion i also ascenis the. Kigi some 5,yoo
feet, on whofce summitk are several good ho
tels. The gineral. imiesBi"on made by such
ascent was well voice, 1 think, by an Ameri
can" girl,' whdm I ovirheard saying: "I was
really disappointed ith the Rigi, but I em
glad I went hip, foy I should always have
thought T hai'misseJ much if I had not gone." ,
Thie ' fiiniculA T&Urfdd. '.takes one to Burgen
Btock;' Stanaerthorn aftd also Sonnenberg and
Gutsch. ' i I ' ' ;- ' ':
As,! evenvin thir ag"e; , of "travel, not every
one goes to Switzerland,' Or ' has observed the
difference in princlpi'e of construction between
the' rack and pinion itid the funicular, I may
say here that the; former4 has a middle rail on
the roadbed,' bs 'with 'teeth' "deep 'and broad,
and the motor car usually "has four cylinders
with similar teath, gach cylinder so succes
sively revolving as- to reciprocally Insert its
teeth between the- teeth : of the middle ralL
.and so force &ecar up; It! usually descends
by gravity, ntrolled r by brakes, in either
lease moving, at very slow ; pace, rareiy bix
,iiles an ha.r," It la dbviously much safer
in the fun cular, having bo much more hold-
surface..' and nowhere depending, upon a
supprt. The funicular is run by a
cabh on the -principle of the elevator.
theidvantage of being usable on much
gjadea than tne : racit ana pinwu cu
Vven at an aneie over 60 per cent,.
Crack and pinion seldom exceeds 2i
nd usually, runs at about 20 per
systems are armed with very ef
X.but in case, of mishap I should
Ion the "rack and pinion."
-f the Wetterhorn is made by
from a cable dangling tn mld
across the S. Gothard from
e had been interesting. We
pt an even wilder pass," the
to Interlaken, mainly tak-
k and pinion," The de-
J region is f remarkable.
ain. oit..u,.v" . .
-77 . .
is v was lasi year.
umnef it was corn-
wing snow and j ice.
5ess of the Swiss
m the old eetab-.
someUmes ap- .
ck and pinion,
Vth, and even
Id from the
1 R 1 land the past fiv years knows 1- " 4 MVfJ z 1
tUii not the Switzerfand of today. M "V , -VWC ':TWV,M ' V-Q
The cascades, f the torrents. XVWi WiV IC V ' .
StZ-W . and rivers run there still,. but bSV l?v St& VCI - sP A
they are contflled and utll-' ,fcvftf A
Ized. The rWains rear JW MJU-
fiiilill their lofty heaj, but not as of iff ;J X5tt
m0S&' old. They arenquered and I J W 1
fcfi harnessed. ; I w , XT'&S
gSm The early su mer of 1911 fi CSf, Vi- W
large open restaurant, saiotto, , and entrance
room containing even post office facilities (ex
cept for the open spaces in xhe mountain
side) you are completely entombed in solid
rock beneath great bodies of snow an ice
in the very heart of the Swiss mountains.
It is the loftiest " tunnel in Europe, prob
ably in the world, measuring f;en feet wide
and fourteen feet three inches in height cut
through limestone so hard and enacious that
a lining of masonry is unnecessary. The
..padlent Is one in four, the track is three feet
turn mv,uea wme; uie lasi Bixeicn starts rrom
Kleine Scheidegg, on which only a score or
years ago not a single house stood. Now sev
eral large buildings have been erected, hotels,
ahops, sheds, etc.. and they are the center of
great animation; the cries of railway and ho
tel porters, end the ringing of bells, mingled
with the conversations carried on In every
known tongue by tourists, are heard on every
hand. Over 3,000 persons are carried to the
Kleine Scheidegg in 8 single day. The Jung
frau railway is worked by electricity, and lta
engines are the finest mountain engines in
The Wegen alps and the Jungfrau railway
Is, not worked after October. Because of the
heavy snowfalls, water is difficult to procure.
Prom November to May, fresh water Is en
tirely lacking, every drop required for drink
ing, washing, etc., and -for the drills, is ob
tained fmm Rnnv moltat hrr .latt.. m
een Quarta of 8now mak Quart of water.
Tnrrprfihlo nunntftlo f w it i
wi ouutt ion uei, me
entire lower story of the houses Is buried In
snow, and a thick wall of it rises In: front ot
the windows. The worst foe pi the colonists
is the south wind, or "Fbhn. Under Its im
pact the buildings tremble to their very base.
In th nn air it ia ImmndM. . 1. - i
against the "Fohn," the only thing to do is to
ne down fiat On the cround nnd trt h-.M nn
to whatever one can grasp, taking advantage
of the lulls to advance a few yards.
The first station after entering the great,
tunnel is Eigerwand, excavated in the rock.
Nowhere except on the Jungfrau railway Is
there a station blasted out of the Interior of
a mountain and yet commanding a magnificent
view. In the evening an electric searchlight
of 94,000,000 candle-power throws its beams
tar aSrer -xt 13 sali tbat by its fight a
7 AeS u mc oneeia qi inun.
s,Pnt ac last we reaeh Cismeer.
frninus, 10,a0 feet-above sea
-at on is a marvel of cortrucUve
A large hall, excavatecfWerced
V'"'"" w" wuu t -wen-
prms a comfortable ro.l
can be heated, with parquet floor and glass
windows. On one side are the apartments of
the - stationmaster, with a post office, the
loftiest in Europe; on the other, the kitchen
of the restaurant and the larders. No wood
or coal is used. Electricity does ' the cooking
and heating. : -
Soon the railway will be carried to a point
near the summit, where an elevator, a genu
ine perpendicular lift, will take the tourist 240
feet to the very summit ot the Jungfrau
(13,428 feet). , -
,A two days', drive over the Grimsel ' ass
took us through tunnels, under overhanging
arches, by leaping cascades, roaring brooks
and rivers,' and endless chains of jiines and
firs, broken occasionally by a small holding of
cleared ' land. A. level bit of land is always
cultivated, and chalets are raised here and
there, the goats crossing our track, the cows,
with their bells keeping time with the foot
falls of our horses, and always In ever-shift
ing lines the everlasting hills, rising higher
and higher. Who kno"wa how they came
' 7-?y Wj. T . -pvw fsJxx
there. . ( miles long, is carrying three thousand pas
All along I have been Impressed with the fiengers a day, running trams in threl sec
sagacity and energy with which. the Swiss ex- tions, at fourteen cents a mile.. The InRDme
ploit their rugged country, whose chief as- is easily reckoned. I should advise., all Ajfterl
sets are mountains and glaciers, ordinarily cans to time their visit to SwltzerlanT-i:or
the most profitless. And, yet. in doing so. June or September, unless they are fohd of
they kill the romance of mountaineering. The
imagination that kindles the courage that
dares, the glory cf being one of the elect tew
to achieve such ascents, the fine ecstasy of
conquest, the exhilaration of the hardly won
far-distant reaches, all are to tfisappear before
mechanism and finance. Inbout two years
any gouty old gentleman aid delicate, gray-
Jungfrau, at lS.670 feet altitude can look
sympathlzlngly down upon the tollers below
Mont Blanc, the highest summit of the entire
ranee, is Belne ramoiv nameae, ...
.summit, with its equiplient of rack and pin-
ion. Even the Matterhom Is partially equip
ped with fixed ropes, and eome attempts at
paths have been made. On can i reach the
summit of the Rigi and return in a few hours,
or remain In a comfortable hotel.
I have alluded to the exploiting' or the
mountains. The glaciers are being similarly
utilized. All the mountain railways are run
by electricity, so are the cars in passing
through the Simpion Tunnel. Soon the S.
Goth.ird line will be electrified, and in turn
the other railroads will follow. The only
hindrance is the delay and first cost in substi
. tuting electric motors for steam. As I drove
by the fierce rushing torrents, mainly led by
snow and glaciers and apparently untalling,
I estimated that at no distant, day Switzerland
would supply electricity profitably not only
for its own requirements, but also, for nearly
all Germany. In time those snows and gla
ciers are to pay the entire expenses ot the re
public, averting the necessity of taxation. A
gold mine will give out; those mountain sum
mits and glaciers will not.
The Italians were shrewd and able In util
izing, capitalizing the forestiert, but the Swiss
are far in the lead, the most highly organized,
scientific absorbers (another word nearly es
caped me), I think, on the face of the earth.
When I found myself taxed for the band 1
protested. I had not asked for any band, or
agreed to pay for one; I would pay something
if they would not play. Of course, It ended
in my paying. A Kursaal tax is levied on
tourists, through the landlords. A friend of
mine protested that her mother, past eighty;
never entered it. The official replied there is
no requiring such payments, but your land
lord will have to pay if you do not; she paid
The railroads are practically all owned by
the government and the rates are high; the
mountain ates, very high. Of course, as they
are expensive, and the. season is short, they
should chiirge accordingly; but I have paid 60
cents a mile for each of my family. All trunks
are weighed and charged for at high rates.
On the iubuntaln railroads even the "hand
pieces are Wo charged."" Not every one, these
tunnel-daysi has crossed the Passes, and
noted the admirable road-engineering in which
the Swiss, Us well as the Italians, are past
masters. Apd they protect their roads; auto
mobiles beiig "allowed only., on certain roads
and passes, land at certain hour's. We might
well take lissons from them. Automobiles,
like the railroad cars, should have their, spe-,
ciar roads, ahd be restricted to them. J
In the season Switzerland la a mnh' Tha
extreme tunnel road to - Esimeer. ir c
"winter sports" and are strong enough U1 bear
- Every winter sees a decided increase
itors who come to slide down hill, skaf
revel in the snow and ice. Toboggan
of three to four mile3, run with pron
guards, are arranged; the return ar
made by railroad or other similar cor'
Artificial ice ponds, if nature"''
near, are cleared of snow to,'
Switzerland is to be as n1
resort as a summer one f
short, the canny Swiss aj
mcney out of snow and let .
Mrs. While, Unable to Sleep Telb
How She Brought Back
Gastoniaj N. C Mrs. Ellen Whit;
of this city, says: "I suffered for
ceveral years with womanly troubles.
I could not rest at night.
I began taking Cardui, the- wom
an's tonic, and before I had finished
one bottle I could sleep well. It just
acted like a charm'.
Since taking Cardui I have been la
better health than for ten years. It
Is the best medicine I ever used. It
did me more good than the, doctors.
-I can certainly 'recommend Cardui
to all Buffering women, for I have
been greatly benefited by its use. It '
will build them up. .
Cardui has been worth its weight
in gold to me, for now' I am well and
No matter how long-standing the
trouble, Cardui will help. It is a
tonic remedy. It is prepared for wom
en to bring relief from womanly ail
It helps sleeplessness, one of the
most common symptoms of nervous
breakdown.'. It helps build nerves and ,
Slade from strictly vegetable in
gredients, it has no ill-effects on any
organ of the body, but acts naturally,
gently and safely.
You can rely on Cardui. It will do
for you what it has done for thou
sands of others.
It will help you. Try it.
Jt. B. Write tot Ladles' Advisory
Dept., Chnttanooga Medicine Co., Chat- '
tnnoociT Tenn., Cor Special Instrnc ,
Hon, and 64-page book, "Home Treat
ment for Women," aent in plain wrif
per, on request. ,
De Roads I'm doin' me best t' re
lieve th' unemploy'd.
, De Barns Wot are youse doin fer
'em? ; ' ;
De Roads I'm tryin' ev'ry day not
to git work.
PIMPLES ON FACE 3 YEARS
"I was troubled with acne for three
long years. My face was the only part
affected, but it caused great disfigure
ment, also suffering and los of sleep.,
At first there appeared red, hard!
pimples which later contained white1
matter. I suffered e, great deal caused
by the itching. I was in a state, of
perplexity when walking the streets
or anywhere before the public. "
- "I used pills and other remedies but
they failed completely. I thought of
giving up when nothing would help,
but something told me to try the Cutt
cura Soap and Ointment. I sent for
a Cuticura Booklet which I read care-
fully. Then I bought some Cuticura
Soap and Ointment and by following
the directions I was relieved in a few
days. I used Cuticura Soap for wash
ing my face, and appjied the (Cuticura,
Ointment morning and evening. This
treatment brought marvelous "results
so I continued with it for a few weeks
and was cured completely. I can.
truthfully say that the Cuticura Rem
edies are not only all, but more than
they claim to be." (Signed) G. Bau- ,
mel, 1015 "W.- 20th Place, Chicago, I1L.
May 28, 1911. Although Cuticura.
Soap and Ointment are sold by drug
gists and dealers everywhere, a sam
ple of each, with 32-page book, WCI
be mailed free on application. t
"Cuticura,' Dept. L, Boston.;
. Supreme Faith.
"I gave my wife a check for Sl.OOt 8
yesterday." , , ,
"What , was the cause of your liber
ality?" -- ' '
""I-knew she'd never have the nerve
to try to cash it,"; i
Burduco Liver Powder
Nature's Remedy: is purely vegetable. -As
a cathartic, Its action is easy, mild ,
and effectual. No 'griping, no nausea,
makes a Bweet breath and pretty complexion--.
Teaches-the liver to act., :
8old by all medicine dealers, 25c.
Comparative Values. ;
"My wife can make a tart reply."
"My wife can do better than that.
She can make a pie speak for itselfi
or COLDs and crip I
Iteves th achincr B.nd f,rl,hn,u
Cold and restores normal ronditinna rvi. f '
liquid effects Immediately. 10c., X5c. aodiuc
J drug stores. ..
a man is chicken hpnrtwf
i,Vld Tea, by purifying the blotnl, era-
Rbeumatism, Dyspepsia and auux?
.11 things are for tWj .best-aai
ry one Imagines he'sthe best.