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0 / 75
Sank as Band Played "Nearer,
My God, to' Thee" Carrying -to
'the Bottom of th3"
Atlantic 1595 Souls
745 SURVIVORS ENTER PORT
New York. After." 4 days of agoni
zing suspense the Carpathia arrived at
this port bearing all that remains mor
tal of the thousands of souls ho-.saUr
.ed upon 'the Titanic. ' iJv v i
' Still dazed and half stunned from
the shock bf that appalling night, amid
all their "grief the survivors in senten
ces interrupted by sobs and ejacula-
1 ? t
""tionaHbld -tf -briefs momenta- ef their
xperieace that had to be pieced to
gether to make a coherent narrative.
' Titanic Was Running .at Full Speed.
. rue ocean was caim as a uiiu-yuuu
when the Titanic crushed into the ice
berg; -Jtasa miMM. aa -hocf,;-fore
midnight. Most of the passengers
wr(? in their cabins. -
. Then came the shock of collision
not so violent a crash a3 had been de
picted, for there wejre many who were
not even awakened by it but enough
to disquiet all who felt it. ; There was
.a general and orderly exodus to the
decks." .: V -
Z ' Sailors were scurrying hither and
thither crying: , . '
THERE'S NO DANGER!" v V .
cama a tkA o no a trna ot?on of urn.
ed toHhe'lr, rooms and prepared to re
: tire. f 3u gradually the cessation of
the engines' vibration caused uneasi
ness and the groups, on the decks grew
greater and greater., 'Still the sailors
announced that there was nothtng to
" Then,- with perceptible suddenness,
. the shfp began to list. ;
. "All passengers on deck with life
-belts,' was shouted. Thou lor the first
time the gravity of the situation dawn
' cd upon the passengers. " '
.'-The. jailors, working silently and
without excitement, yet fast as their
1 hands could move, removed the tar-
- paulins from the lifeboats and terse
ly, without excitement came' the or
der, repeated, upon every side:
"Women and children 'in the life
" boats! -
- The' sailors-helped the nearest rwo
' Tneh'afld children intaihe boats. And
it was the beginning of excitement
. other sailors- began to; lower ., the
boats. '.: " - r
Men Laughed as Boats Filled.
Th'ui far the: men standing idly by,.
. failing'' entirely tcr grasp the signifi
cance of the moment, had helped the
sailors. Many-, of the passengers, re
port that the men were laughing.
"We'll be safer here oa the ship
than ia that' cockle-shell!';- -one man
- cried to bis wife as she was helped
over the rail. . . . . , ....
But the Titanic s.-'ttlrvl deeper ia
ocean and if was difficult for the t,'
to remain on their feet. Then it v
that the appallingnature of it da?
upon those men.'- 'And than, a!'
was, ihut the officers of the shir1
their revolvers'. -'. r' ; ' " f
"Stand back!" they 'crlo'i.
women.'ar.d children go Into
Some of the men leaned s '
"'"-i..,! looked down ov?
-V of the ship. C'fi
vent from the berg with which: it' had,
collided. ;Of the scene' in the bow,
where over a hundred and fifty feet of
the ship's length had been crushed in,
there were no witnesses until an hour
afterward, when the lifeboats, were aU
in me water. t t .
" r Heroism" Asserts Itself." 1 .
The ship "had ndw listed to a terribly
angle; Men, in the throes. ot panif
attempted to reach the boats and wtf
pushed . back,- 4 And. in! that momtf
the heroism of hundreds asserted
self". - It was thepasaegers whO-pu?
ed back these panic-stricken fw
not ' the" sailors. "Of the Individ
deeds of heroism only a few have
yet been told. But those few are
fore-runners jaf thousands.
. Soon most of the boats had b;
lowered and still a full realizing Sff ,
of the extent of the disaster had!
dawned upon all that mass of men
But," finally, all the boats had i a
lowered. Then, the sailors, seeing,.;o
men standing and - running abfiut,
rled: ; , t , . 4 -
"All women to the lower deck!"
There began a rush to the lower
deck, and there it was that. the "nearest
semblance to a panic began.- s Some of
- the-wemea we?e-isjd y Rail.ora- and
deliberately thrown over the rail into
the boats. . ;VJ '
They weaker men, by scores, began
..j-o jump overboard. . The lifeboats be
gan to draw away from the ship.
. As'thfiydrew away: those who -ere
fioating among the cakes of. ice in the
sea: cried aloud piteously, for help.
Those who could ,gei?ed the sides, pf
the lifeboats. . In : many cases they
were pulled aboard, j ' .
One Lifeboat Capsizes. v
In many cases the sailors wh6 man
ned the boats rowed deliberately ion,
heedless of all supplications, for their
boats were full. One boat was observ
ed to overturn. What capsized it is
not yet known probably Vriumber of
men In the sea, struggling to 'board
her. ;. '
, Several . more .. pistol shots' were
heard on board tl;$ ship. i. And then,
suddenly, above the murmur ' of the,
sea and the crunching of the Ice floes
there rose a steadily increasing cry
from th'o doomed ship a cry in which
hundreds upon hundreds of voices
mingled. - . :
Among the innumerable "deeds of
heroism of that hour there was one
attested.by many witnesses. The sail
ors attempted to pull Mrs. Isador
Straus, from her .husband's side, but
she iling to his- arm, smiling.. She
had decided to remain with him She
sankiwitb him. r, - ; , . ..
-.'-''"'Women Row Lifeboat." r"
In the hurry of embarking, one of
the lifeboats had been lowered without
a single sailor" in it. Three men had
been picked up by this boat, but the
women were rowing.""' And; the women
between the "thwarts were screaming
to their loved ones in agony. ,.
i -iThe suddenly;.aboye "all the vall-.
ing of that desolate scene there arose
the strains of the ship's orchestra
playing ."fearer, My God, to Thee?"
And "for the first time those iu'the
lifeboats realized that those who were
J eft behind knew that they were doom
ed. A few voices roee in accompanl
men'to t,: melody
. "Ac:horus swell
) lights sunk
ed loua f
i ing from the
l -But whiU
I it of thohihli
fat with etart-
I s of those on
: lush ih& air.
rut and -tha
1 1 ' K : : ; t i '.ju i
'' c i'-tS' i , i(" V'
3': f .'.j,' -a .' semi-hysterical band
- ! g"745.,: i." j
itii. figures tfiat had drifted in
V- 'i '.'(.th alr yere wrong, and
- 4 ! - truth caipe it was merely to
ti3.: the terrible roll to 1595.
thai were ' enacted bn
ier, janfi outside as the
Jt! being hurried away-to
:!::; 1 ttelsj 1 will live a lifetime
memory 'f those who wit
1 them. ; ' j ,. - - ,; '
i in hysterics, womjen ,. faiatin'g,
f children alnjost crushed in the
i's.of those welcoming them, were
I rule; not th exefeption.' Men'fell
jwn to kiss the knees f of their re
arning ' womenfolk. ' Women shriek
Id, wept, dashed in madness from pne
grout) of frlendi to another, and final-
Jly collapsed in'tthe arms of those who
had come to meet them.; ; '
j '. The Scenes Repeated.
- Outside, as tiey were led or carried
to waiting automobiles, the same
scenes were repeated. The sight of
a. street seemed to fill some of the re
turned ones with awe., to others it was
a cause for emotional joy that could
only findf relief In extravagant ecstasy.
The precautions taken for the pro
tection of 'the survivors proved en
tirely adequate, and, fortunately, all
the ambulances and relief corps that
had been gathered at the pier were
not necessary, u "" 1 '
The .number" of r badly Injured on
thV Carpathia; was not nearly as large
as had been imagined, and cases re
quiring hospital relief were merciful:.
ly ;few. - ' ' ' i
It was a joyous occasloufor many
a terrible day for some. To the last
there 3jad been hope in many breasts
that, their loved ones would be
aboardArand at, the last those hopes
weret blasted with the icy breath of
the iewslthe living brought, '
.' How the Titanic sank,:; what hap
pened -when, she -sank, was -told in as
many, .different ways as there , were
people to tell it. Butthey agreed on
one thing that Capt. 'Smith and his
officers . showed. the greatest bravery
throughout" the teMe orfleal, and
that, except in is4.fe the men
aboard, from the saloon to the steer
age, showed a heroism worthy of the
When the Ship Went Down.
Menv-weie claying.- caxda- ia - th&
smoking room when: the great ship
struck the iceberg whose propinquity
was well known to all aboard, for a
bulletin of it had been posted in the
saloon; and when the ship went down,
most." accounts 8gree;jtMaadw-was
playing "Nearer, My God, to Thee,"
while the lifeboats were pulling away.
But it was difficult to get a connect
ed story from any survivor.
' Mrs. : John Jacob Astor, outwardly
none the worse for her awful experi
ence, was among the first to be whisk
ed away to her home. Her stepson,
Vincent Astor, and Craig Biddle had
come to meet her and the greeting be
tween them was affecting. She went
direct to the home of her father, Wil
liam IL, Force, but stayed there only
a few moments '
THRILLING ACCOUNTS OF
HEROISM AND SACRIFICE
BY TITANIC SURVIVORS.
Tales of horror were told by the
survivors of . the Titanic wreck when
they landed from the steamship Car
pathia. ' '' '
kMen' and women relatet1. In detail
how the big ship had crushed against
the iceberg, but how the jar was so
slight that no one was excited unjtil
tho ship's officers and crew began low
ering the lifeboats and rafts and or
deringpassengers into them.
The1 Titanic's boiler exploded when
water rushed in upon them, and it was
the opinion cf some of the survivors
ed by the shock of the collision, and
went on deck. There was no great ex
citement, and persons were coming
out of their rooms and asking what
had happened. ...
' i Wouldn't Leave Brother. . ,
"Suddenly from the bridge or from
some of the officers came the. cry,
'Ladies first.' This was the first" ins
ling that we had that the ship was in
danger. We went back to the state
rooms and dressed. T.hen came the
horrifying ! 'order 7 that ' women 4 must
leave their husbands and brothers and
that no man was to go in the lifeboats.
i'l refused ' to leave, my . brother,:' and
remained on. deck until the next to the
last 1 boat was leaving. . . They looked
arouhd and saw that I was the only
woman. I told them that I would not
go without my brother and then-they
tdok. him alsoJ Thus I saved my bro
ther; S "We left the ship about twenty-five
mlntltes before it sank. r. She , sank at
about 1:50 o'clock Monday . ' morning.
A ; 6 o'clock the same morning the
Carpathhi put ,in.an appearance and
W3; were picked up. . We "were ' proba
bly dne mile kway from the. ship when
she went down,- and: the . steward that
ha4 given me the first warning that
the ehip" might sink : went down with
all the others. , - .; ; . -
VU Lights Burning, Band Playing.
" O'As we left the ship it was the'most
remarkable and brilliant sight I had
ever'witnessed on the water. All the
lights were burning and the band was
playing as if 'at a concert.". ;
Mrs. Schabert was asked In regard
to a, rumor tnat Major Butt, military
aide to President Taft, had. $hot eight
men to keep them from upsetting life
boats bycrowdlng into theni. : 1
Mrs; Schabert- answered that she
waa1 unable" to . either confirm ; or deny
this. . She said she had seen nonsuch
thing, but that the confusion was such
she might not have seen Jt, even if it
had; happened. '' t"
Col.- Astof Died a Brave Man
Dramatic stories :';of the death" "ot
Colonel Astor. were told on the, pier by
survivors'. ; . . ..
"Mrs' Astor was sent away in the
tenth boat," said John Kuhle, of Ne
braska. "Just as she was about to be
placed within the boat, Colonel Astor
embraced her. ; f v
Helped to- Fores'Wlfe Into Boat.
. "Astor then freed himself from his
wife's embrace and, after: helping to
force her into the boat, turnea away
and stood upon the deck."
. Colonel Archibald Gracie, U. S. A.,
declared Colonel -Astor's jconduct was
deserving of the highest praise Col
onel Astor, said Grade, devoted all
his energies to saving his young bride,
who was in. delicate health. , '
"Colonel" Astor helped us in our ef
forts to get her in the boat," said
Colonel Grade. "I lifted her into the
boat. Colonel Astor then inquired the
number of the boat which; was.. being
lowered and turned ' to ; the work of
clearing the other boats and in reas
suring the -frightened 'and nervous
women." ; -. ;,''', V ;'.
Col.' Astor Joined Mr. and Mrs. Straus.
"John Jacob Astor escorted his wife
to one of ' the lifeboats, kissed her
quietly "and then went up to deck B
and - joined Mr V and ! Mrs. ; Isador
Straus' said Robert W. Daniel, " of
Philadelphia "I was almost alongside
of them, but not close enough to dis
tinguish anything they said , to each
other. : When the water reached deck
B, I jumped Into the sea. Neither
Colonel Astor nor Mr. and Mrs. Sl-.-aus
made any effort ; to save themselves.
They seemed to realize that !t waa
hopeless. . I am, 'convinced that Col
onel Astor could have saved himself
had he jumped into the water.
"None of us were: worried after tho
crash. Many of the passengers, my-
Warned of Ice, White Star Line
Head Said: "We Will Go Faster"
ARROGANTLY DEFIED DANGER
Unwarranted Belief That Ship Was
. Unsinkable, -Reckless Navigation
and Wonderful Calm After nv.
pact Brought Out at Hearing. . ,
New York, April 20. ."Without wast:
Ing a minute the sub-committee of the
U. S..;' Senate ..Committee on. Com
merce got" down to, business in. its in
vestigation' into the Titanic disaster.
President over by Seiaator William" Al-
den Smith a lawyer Of note of .Michi
gan, the inqulry.began at the Waldorf
Astoria... I "... . ?!Ki: ""
The remarkable ?ahd unwarranted
faith of Captain E. J Smith-and his
junior officers in the unsinkable char
acter of the JTltanic, the recklessness
of navigating the Titanic at full speed
in view of the advices that there were
icebergs In the vicinity and the won
derful calm which prevailed ' among
passengers and officers after the col
lisionthese were the salient facts
brought out. ' -
Z. Bruce Israay,- William Marconi
and Second Officer Lightoller of the
Titanic were witnesses before the Sen
ate committee investigating the dis
aster; From Ismay and Lightoller
was drawn, reluctantly the admission
that the Titanic was going at almost
her maximum ;speed when she hit the
iceberg, that Captain Smith had. been
warned of the presence of bergs, but
that. the speed was not slackened. in
the least. , - , - .
J. Bruce Ismay was the first witness
called, and was not fortunate in the
impression he made on the committee
and others present. That Mr. Ismay
had , heen concerned- chiefly with hia
own' safety seemed to be generally
Ismay seemed to feel the antagonis
tic atmosphere., He sat in the extreme
corner surrounded by his business as
sociates. With him were two private
detectives, who have been assigned as
his bodyguard since the Carpathia got
in and who are never away from his
side, - .f- ;':;- ';' ;X X . : '
Mr. Ismay's manner, on the stand
-as constrained. He was plainly ill
t ease. Whatever; good may have
been in the impression he. made seem
ed to be wiped out by, the damaging
statement made later .by Lightoller
ihat the first man he saw on the boat
deck three minutes after the Titanic
etruck v as 'Ismay standing alone.
Major ' A. G.' Pevichen said that J.
ruce Ismay, managing director of the
line, had laughingly told a woman pas
senger that the ice warning, so "far
.from keeping the Titanic back, would
only cause her increase her speed, so
-3 to get more quickly out of the ice
field. .r, - sm
other criticisms of Mr. Ismay by
passengers on the Carpathia who ob
served his conduct after he was res
cued, and by landsmen, were numer
ous. It was learned that he occupied
the doctor's cabin on board the Car
pathia, denied himself to all inquirers
and caused the report to be spread
ihat a sick woman was in the cabin on
vhose door appeared the nqtice:
Major , Arthur Peuchen, of the
queen's Rifles of foronto, Canada,
vnade this statement at the Waldorf
Astoria "J. Bruce Ismay knew of the pres
tiice of iceberss, but arrogantly disre
garded' the "danger of them.
' "And when the Titanic was every
jnstant facing the possibility of run
ning into an ice mountain, Mr. Ismay
was dining with Captain Smith both
cf them in evening clothps in a lower
c.aloon,, when tho Captain, at least,
should, have been at his post of duty
on the bridge."
Lightoller, second ofiicer of Titanic,
tdinittcd that he knew of the fehip re
ceiving a message 0:1 Sunday warning
Captain Smith of ice.
Marconi talked cf the work of wire
'eas and intimated that only economi
'al reasons prevented all passenger
-essels having ai operator constantly
'in duty. I
Captain Kostram and "Wireless Oper
'.'.tor Cofam of fhe Carpathia uor
:ecei.'rAi meoge from Pr;.-
f:. St? id. the r
TELLS OF RESCUE
Carpathia's Commander Give?
; a Thrilling Narrative.
PROUD OF CREW,. HE SAYS
Rostrpn ook Precaution ia Going ta
Rescue of Survivors Carpathia'
Capain Talk of Work of Rescue
No Message from Pres. Taft. w.
. New York. April 20. In ' striking:
contrast to that of J. Bruce Ismay waa
the testimony of Arthur Henry llo
tron, captain of the Carpathia, who
made a most favorable, impression oa
his hearers, receiving the ; reiterated
commendation of the committee. H
gave every evidence of being modest,
courageous and alert, thoughtful to
th tsLHt ; detail of the safety and com-
Jort of both the survivors of the Ti
tanic, and his. own crew, .no detail hav-
made "for the rescue and his thought
fulness culminating ia the religious
service of thanksgiving which he ask-
ed an Episcopal clergyman, to condotjjt"
immediately after the rescue, obviously-
as much because of - a realiza
tion of the .sedative ; and. comfdrtins
effect it., would have on the nc!rves of
the suffers as because of iif religious
Narrative of Capt. J?fostron.
Capt. Rostron gave his residence as
Woodville, Victoria road, Crosby, Liv
erpool.' ' He ' has been following the
sea for twenty-seven years, filling all
posts from cadet on the taining ship
Conway, in. the Mersey, to command
er. He has been with the Cunard
Line since 1895 and was commander
of the Pannonia before he took charge
of the Carpathia in January.
, "We let New York April 11," sai.i
Capt. Rostron, 'and p . to Sunday
midnight had fine, clear weather. At
1.35 o'clock a. m. Monday I was in-
TOrmeu Dy our WircieiK upeiawi w. ni-
gent distress signals from tho Titanic
The operator told the first junior ofH
cer and he and the operator put their
heads in my doorway and told me. I
had just turned in. ,The. massaga
that had come from the Titanic gave
her position as latitude 41 degrees 4S
minutes north, longitude 50 degrees
14 minutes west I cannot give at tha
moment our exact location.
"The New York time of the receipt
of the distress signal was exactly
10.45 p. m. Sunday. This acccounU
for the apparent discrepancy between
the times reported by wireless for tb.9
sinking of the Titanic and that report,
ed by the passengers.
"I immediately gave' orders to turn
the ship," resumed Capt Rostron. 'I
asked our operator twice if he wa3
absolutely certain as to the origin of
the distress message, and upon receiv
ing assurances picked up a point oa
our course and set a course to north
52 degree west, true fifty-eight rnileja
frnm mff TtflCl'MftTl , ' j
f v J v . , -..r ,
ThAn I sput. for the chief enelneer
and ordered him to call another watcn
rf ntnlroro qtiH TnalfA all snfld t)OSSib!
to reach the Titanic."
"We made the fifty-eight miles
three and a half hours.. It was at 2;f
that we made out a flare about y
a point on the port bow, which
took to be the Titanic itselfr-Thi
seemed so igh I was almost b;
Titanic must still be afloat, j
little after that we made 01
berg on our port bow. Bet
and 4 we were passing berf
side of us. At 4:10 the ft
the Titanic was alongsiuj
fore getting to it I sa
ahead and had to star'
Twenty Bergs Arouhtt
;o of aiy
was in charge
was not in control
out that he had oj
I had to manoeuvf
alongside. By Of
the lot on boaiy
.and -then J sa
tha". boats. . fi
were nbout h
I to hiv.i. I did v'
i until I hT '
Magnificent Grand -