f 1.00 a Year, In Advance.
FOR GOD, FOR COUNTRY AND FOR TRUTH."
X!ffi? CT7 Casta
PLYMOUTH, N. G.t FRIDAY, MAY 2, 1913.
FOR BETTER AR1
URGES THE ASSEMBLY OF BRIG
ADES AND DIVISIONS PERI
ODICALLY. CHANGES RECOMMENDED
Secretary Says There Are Too Many
Posts, and Not the Proper Train
ing for War.
Washington. In a statement Secre
tary Garrison, pointing to the Ameri
can army scattered In small units
throughout the country, Impossible to
coalescence for practical instruction
In the larger tactical measures of bat
tle, urged the importance of assem
bling brigades and divisions periodi
cally and temporarily In . times of
peace for war training, pendjpg the
adoption of a governmental policy for
the adequate distribution of the army.
Epitomizing his idea, the secretary
"I hope that war may never come,
but in the present stage of civiliza
tion we must recognize the possibil
ity; and It is with this idea in mind
that I say I believe it will be well
for the country, if our legislators
would make provision for the annual
assembling of at least one division
as a school, wherein our officers
might be given that practical train
ing which is so necessary to develop
educated generals and staff officers.
We may not need a large army, but
it should be one which in organiza
tion and training is as nearly perfect
as it is possible to make it. Otherwise,
whatever is spent Is not bringing its
full efficient return. And this applies
to thought, skill and training, as well
as to money."
Discussing the question of a future
military policy for the United States,
Secretary Garrison said it seemed to
be agreed that there were entirely
too many army posts at the present
time, and that many of them were not
where they were useful or desirable
under existing conditions:
"Whether this situation s should be
remedied," he continued, "by concen
trating the army into a few quiet, large
posts or into only as many as would
permit a regiment at least to be quar
tered in each, I have not as yet formed
any definite conclusion in my own
mind. Much may be said effectively
upon each side of this question. I hope,
when I get the time, to give this mat
ter my most earnest consideration,
with a desire to reach a conclusion
that is best for the army, which, of
course, will be that which is best for
REBELS GAIN OVER HUERTA
Rebels Doing as They Please in All
Parts of Mexico.
Mexico City. Further evidence of
the aggressiveness of the Northern
rebels was given when several hun
dred of them, well armed and mount
ed, captured the town of Venegas,
on the National railway, in the state
of San Luis Fotosi. They cut the
railway to the north and they moved
over to Matchuala, a mining town and
" The rebels continue to cover v new
terirtory and cripple transportation
facilities.. More than 2,500 miles of
the National railway system are out
of commission. To this is added a long
stretch 01! the Southern Pacific south
of Guaymas and other short independ
The inability up to date of the gov
ernment to float a loan is a serious
handicap, but notwithstanding this,
President Huerta is doggedly forcing
the campaign. The recent announce
ment that the pay in the army will be
a peso and a half a day has been fol
lowed by fresh efforts to augment the
ranks. Volunteers, for the most part,
by conscription, are being obtained
here at the rate of one hundred a day.
However, the government's campaign
appears to be largely defensive.
Man Impaled to Stake.
Grafton, W. Va. While a bundle of
2x4 timber was being lowered into the
shaft of the Sterling Coal company at
Independence, a sharp-pointed stake
slipped from the bundle and Impaled
Watt Lawrence of NewDurg, who was
at work in the shaft 185 feet below.
Flew Across Isthmus.
Colon. Robert G. Fowler, the Amer
ican aviator, made a flight across the
Isthmus In a hydro-aeroplane with a
passenger. Fowler left Panama beach
at 9:45 a. m. He circled over Pan
ama City and the entrance to the ca
nal for more than half an hour, as
cending to a considerable altitude, and
then turned in the direction of Colon.
He met strong wind currents over Cu
lebra, but in spite cf this was able to
carry out various evolutions. Lo
clouds ocacsionally hid the earth from
PAY LAST HONORS TO
The picture shows the Tal Ho Tien in the first courtyard of the For
bidden City. It shows the- altar, arch of honor and the crowds of people
wishing to bow three times before the picture of the late empress on the
altar Inside the building.
500,0 00 WORKERS WIN VOTE
BELGIAN GOVERNMENT ACCEPTS
A RESOLUTION WHICH PRO
VIDES FOR SETTLEMENT.
Victory of Strikers Means Abolition
of Plural Voting in
Brussels, Belgium. Owing in great
part to the advice of the king, the
governmenlt accepted the compro
mise proposed by the Liberal leader,
F. Masson, and the great strike for
manhood suffrage, which on account
of the remarkable discipline main
tained, the solidarity of those who
joined In the movement and skillful
organization, is unique in history, will
be called off.
A week ago the Belgian premier,
Charles de Broqueville, declared:
"No- government could yield to a
strike of this nature. To yield would
be to abdicate."
Nevertheless the strike of 500,000
workers seems to have made sufficient
impression on the government to in
duce it to unbend from its uncompro
mising attitude far enough to Insure
the termination of a situation which
has already cost the country more
than $14,000,000 and is daily driving
away from manufacturers customers
they may never win back.
The leaders of the Sociaallst trades
unions and their followers gained
their point, which was to make the
government take up for consideration
a change of the Belgian parliamenta
ry franchise with its hated system
of plural votes for the wealthier and
more educated classes.
TO FIGHT OVER THE SPOILS
Greece and Bulgaria Rapidly Drifting
London, England. Bulgaria and
Greece are rapidly drifting towards
war over the possession of Saloniki,
The Greeks have mobilized every
available soldier and concentrated one
army in the neighborhood of Saloniki,
while another is being landed at Or
fani, in the Gulf of Orfanl, to watch
movements of Bulgarians at Drama
and Kavala. The victorious Epirus
army from Janina is being distributed
along the new strategical front from
Saloniki to Orfanl.
In the meantime the Bulgarians
have suspended passenger traffic be
tween Dedeagatch and . Saloniki and
are utilizing the railway for concen
tration of troops in the neighborhood
of Drama close to the Greek position.
They have now brought one division
each from Adrianople, Tchatlja and
Bulair, and it is estimated that the
Bulgars now have 90,000 soldiers fac
ing the Greeks and a Servian force,
supporting the Greeks, which is as
sembling along the railway
Bryan Ordered to California.
Washington. President Wilson di
rected Secretary of State Bryan to
proceed to Sacramento to co-operate
with Governor Johnson and the mem
bers of the California legislature in
framing a law regarding the ownership
of .land by aliens that would not con
flict with the treaty obligations of the
United States, particularly with Japan.
"I am going in the hope that we may
be able to find the best solution of the
difficulty," said Secretary Bryan to
the press. "I feel sure that they In
California will enter upon work .with
the same spirit of co-operation as the
president and I do. I am hopeful, in
deed, that we will be able to arrive
at the wisest solution."
For Reform of Currency.
Washington. Chairman Owen of
the senate banking and currency com
mittee, called its members together,
and advised them of results of infor
niadl conferences with President Wil
son, Secretary McAdoo and Chairman
Glass of the house banking commit
tee on the subject of currency reform.
Working informally, obtaining the
views of the president anc his advis
ers, Senator Owen and Representative
Glass have been looked upon as the
men who will frame a measure to be
known as' the Owen-Glass bill.
EMPRESS OF CHINA
MANY KILLEDIN EXPLOSION
BODIES OF MANY OF THE VIC
TIMS HAVE BEEN RE"
Those Who Escaped Crawled on
Their Hands and Knees Out of
the Deadly Fumes.
Pittsburg, Pa. The lives of 100
miners, possibly more, paid the toll
of a disastrous explosion in the Cin
cinantl mine of the Monongahela Riv
er Consolidated Coal and Coke com
pany at Finleyville, Pa.
Over three-score of workmen in the
mine made thrilling escapes, crawling
most of the time on their hands and
knees through deadly gas fumes and
Many bodies were located by rescu
ing squads of the United States bureau
of mines, the Monongahela River Con
solidated Coal and Coke company and
of the Pittsburg Coal company. As
the rescuers found bodies they were
carried to the entries.
The rescue work was hampered by
afterdamp. Fire which followed the
explosion has been completely sub
dued. Three entries of the mine are
entirely choked with debris.
The force of the explosion was ter
rific. A fifteen-ton motor was turned
over. Many feet of mine track were
twisted and ripped from the rties.
Only a few of the miners who reach
ed the surface could talk. Suffering
from burns or fright, tne -miners only
knew that an explosion had occurred,
and that the large number of men are
either killed by the explosion or as
phyxiated by the afterdamp.
FORTRESS OF SCUTARI FALLS
. i i
Action of Montenegro in Defying the
Powers Causes Critical Situation.
London. News of the fall of Scuta
ri to the Montenegrin army has been
received with extraordinary demon
strations in all the allied capitals, no
tably Belgrade and the Bulgarian pre
mier has sent effusive congratulations
to the Montenegrin premier.
The first effect of the fall of the
fortress has been the extension of the
International naval blockade to Du
razzo, but what will be the next step
of the powers in facing the new sit
uation it is. difficult to foretell. Ac
cording Co the view prevailing at St
Petersburg, the coercion of Montene
gro would not be an easy matter.
Belgrade. Not even Servian victo
ries during the war caused anything
like the scenes of enthusiasm which
were witnessed here over the taking
of Seutari by Montenegrins. Business
was at "a standstill, while the whole
population gave itself over to rejoic
ing. Lawyers, merchants, soldiers and
workmen danced in the streets to the
strains of music. Wine may almost
be said to have been flowing in the
gutters, for everywhere barrels were
broached, and all were free to drink
to the victory of the Montenegrins and
the glory of "Greater Servla."
95-Year-Old Frigate Saved.
New York. The 95-year-old frigate
Granite State, the largest wooden ves
sel ever built for the United States
navy, which seemed doomed by fire
which broke out on board her, was
saved" from destruction, but not before
serious damage had been done
throughout her fore part. The frigate
formerly was known as the Alabama
and the New Hampshire. Roofed over
like a mammoth houseboat, the old
warship has rested for the past forty
years at a permanent anchorage off
Owner of Titanic Loses in Court.
New York. The federal district
court dismissed the petition of the
Oceanic Steam Navigation company,
limited, as owner of the White Star
liner Titanic, for a limitation of lia
bility resulting from the loss of the
Titanic. The court held that the com
pany's liability is to be determined
by the law of Great Britain, which
would make the owners of the Titanic
liable for about $3,000,000. The Ocean
ic Steam Navigation company sought
to have its liability fixed by the laws
of the United States.
III ANNUAL SESSION
SOCIAL WORKERS POURED INTO
ATLANTA FROM ALL SECTIONS
OF THE SOUTH.
DELEGATES ARE WELCOMED
Chancellor Kirkland, of Vanderbilt,
Made the Response Governor
, Hooper Not Present.
Atlanta, Ga. "Night breaks to morn
ing," when we have such men as have
spoken tonight," said Mrs. Anna Rus
sell Cole, founder of the Southern
Sociological Congress, after the first
meeting of that body in the Wesley
Memorial church, surrounded by hun
dreds of members of the congress.
From thirty-two states men Jour
neyed, to be present at the opening of
the second congress founded through
the munificence of one who has been
called "the first lady of the south."
One thousand men and women edu
cators, churchmen, laymen and socio
logical experts from every corner of
the union were gathered In the his
toric building when the second con
gress opened. These same thousand
rose and sung "America" with all the
zest that they could sing.
The church had been appropriately
decorated for such an occasion an
occasion which brings forth the best
of the nation, to promote national
health and righteousness. The Amer
ican flag, the American eagle and the
American shield were everywhere to
be seen. Draped in graceful folds over
the speaker's stand hung from the
balconies, suspended from the walls
the red, white and the blue; signify
ing a. united nation, banded together
for common good and progress.
Gov. Joe Brown of Georgia, In hia
happiest mood, and at the conclusion
of a graceful speech, said: "I earnest
ly hope that the grace of God will
be with you that his spirit will be
with you in all your undertakings.
Mayor Woodward was roundly ap
plauded at the conclusion of his ad
dress of welcome when he said: "1
hope that you will .deal with the prob
lems which confront you with good,
old-fashioned common . sense. Fanati
cism has no room here. Reason must
guide your footsteps."
Chancellor Kirkland of Tennessee
said, in part:
"We must never forget that all of
the work is to be done in one spirit
in the spirit of justice and of love, of
human suffering and of human affec
MRS. APPELB'AUM LIBERATED
Jury Gives Her Freedom After Being
Out for Just Thirty-Six Minutes.
Atlanta, Ga. Freedom came to Mrs.
Carrie Scott Appelbaum when the jury
had been out but 36 minutes before
clearing her of the crime of murder
ing Jerome A. Appelbaumj her hus
band. With the verdict of. acquittal
came a collapse that stopped her as
she was shaking hands with the jur
ors and sent her to the . Baptist Taber
nacle Infirmary for a complete rest
from the terrific strain of two months
in jail and "three days in the crowded
courtroom listening to the awful de
tails of' the shooting and the accusa
tion ".flung at her.
She had fainted previously during
the trial, but she held up through her
recital to the jury in which she de
clared that she had known nothing
from 2 o'clock on the morning of the
traeedy. when her husband placed
his nistol at her side and threatened
to kill her if she did not give him her
jewels, until she" awoke 'ln; another
room at the Dakota hotel and found
herself termed a murderess.
; 20 Years Given Yeggmen.
Dahlonega, Ga. Convictions and
sentences of twenty years each were
secured by the state against the four
men whom it is alleged broke into the
Lumpkin County Bank on February 14
and were frightened off Just after they
exploded the safe. Itie jury which
convicted them recommended . that the
offense which was technically' that ol
burglary, be treated as a misdemeanor,
but Judge J. B. Jones, presiding, stat
ed that he could not follow the recom
mendation. Bryce Bids America Goodbye.
New York. James Bryce, on the
eve of his departure for home, after
six years as ambasasdor to the Unit
ed States from England said
his farewell to the American people
in an address here before the Pil
grim's Society of the United States
He referred with feeling to his cor
dial relations with the three presi
dents who had been In office during
his service in Washington, and said
he had no words to convey his sensf
of kindness which he had received Ir
NEWS OF NORTH CAROLINA
Short Paragraphs of State News That
Has Been Condensed For People
of the State.
Washington. Messrs. Da via it
Davis,- Washington patent attorneys,
report the grant of two patents to J.
O. Beckham of Henderson, being de
vices for. railway-rail fastening.
Lexington. Returns from the bond
election held recently are about all in.
Only one -township, Healing Springs,
remains to fee heard from, and the
majority against the road bonds will
run over 1,100.
Henderson ville. At a convention ol
the Republicans of this cKy, D. S.
Pace was nominated as candidate for
mayor and A. J. GHros, J. M. Stepp
and Wiltshire Griffith were nominated
as candidates for the poskton of Town
Statesville. Fred Davis, a small
negro toy of Rowan County, gets onr
year in the National Training School,
District of Columbia, Cor the theft oi
one cent The trouble with the pick
aninny was that he tampered with the
mails .taking a penny that was in
tended to pay postage on a card from
a rural letter box.
Raleigh. In Wake. Superior Court
Judge Frank Carter made a compli
cated ruling in the Tucker will case.
He finds with the general contention
of the plaintiffs in the main, but rec
ognizes complications that are expect
ed to make adjudication through a
definite decree' in anything like satis
factory terms very difficult.
" Asheboro. The residence of Mr. S.
W. Crowson, who lives five miles west
of Asheboro, was destroyed by fire
recently. There was no one at home
at the lime, except Mrs. Crowson
and a small grandchild. While trying
to save some of the household effects,
the former was severely burned
about the" face.
Wadesboro. The moving picture
theater here, owned by M. R. Hawley,
burned, with a loss of $2,500, partial
ly covered by insurance. Dr. W. F.
Gray's office, which was situated
above the theater, was damaged by
water. The theater was in tlie Smith
building, and the fire was caused by
the reels igniting.
Fayetteville. The tenth district
convention of the United Daughters
of the Confederacy met here recently.
Mrs. J. H. Currie, director of the dis
trict, presided over the session,
which was held in the rooms of the
Civic Association. The proceedings,
which were mostly routine, was fol
lowed by recitations, music and re
freshments. Hendersonville. Having encounter
ed a great deal of red tape for a year
or more the trustees of-the local
Carnegie library fund are now on a
good working basis, having awarded
the contract for erecting the building
to W. P. Bane, the erection and fur
nishing of the library to cost $10,000,
the amount donated more than a year
ago by Andrew Carnegie.
Max ton. The new passenger sta
tion will be completed and occupied
by both the Seaboard Air Line and
Atlantic Coast Line on May 1. No
more complete station is to be found
in any small town of the state It
comes, however, no sooner thaa need
ed, as the passenger business at this
point has for many years been greater
that the old station could accommo
Gastonia. Special sanitary exercis
es were observed at the Central
School auditorium here recently with
a program by students of the city
schools and an address by Dr. I. W.
Faison of Charlotte. Doctr Faison was
introduced by Superintendent Joe S.
Wray of the Gastonia schools as the
"best man that could be found in
Charlotte" to make a speech on the
subject of sanitation.
Greensboro. Hundreds of names of
business and professional men have
already been affixed to petitions plac
ed in circulation here, calling upon
Governor Craig to call an extra ses
sion of the North Carolina General
Assembly, if necessary, to handle the
freight rate question. There are four
sets of petitions and the circulation
of the papers and the placing of
names thereon went on as briskly as
when the petitions were first present
ed. Rutherfordton. In .'the municipal
primary here the following were nom
inated: For mayor, J. P. Bean; for
aldermen, M. L. Justice, Poe Esk
ridge, Will Reid and F. C. Geer; for
School Board, A. F. Miller, C. C. Reid
and J. F. McLain. Two Republicans
are to be suggested and endorsed.
Hickory. Mr. G. F. Rink, an old
Confederate soldier, 76 years of age,
died at his home, east of this city.
Some months ago he went to a hospit
al for an operation wnich gave him
some relief, but was recently afflict
ed with dropsy which his enfeebled
constitution could not withstand.
Ill TALK" HEARD
III CONGRESS HALLS
SISSION MAKES IMPASSIONED
SPEECH IN DEFENDING CALI
FORNIA. FOR THE STATES' RIGHTS
Must Preserve to the American Farm
er the Right to Own Soil of Our
Country Without Any Competition
Washington. A' "war" speech in
support of the proposed California
alien land law, was delivered in the
House by Representative Sisson of
"If we must have war or submit
to this indignity, I am for wam" cried
Mr. Sisson. "I am with the people
of California in the efforts to pre
vent these aliens from acquiring
"I believe," said Mr. Sisson, "that
no non-resident aliens should be al
lowed to hold a single foot of land in
the territory of the United States.
What would Washington say in an
swer to the question, war or submis
sion? Wnat would Jackson say?
What would Cleveland say? What
would McKinley say?
"I resent the efforts of Japan to
force us to submit to her demands."
Mr. Sisson took the position that
the Japanese Government in protest
ing against alien land legislation, was
endeavoring to exempt its citizens
from the operation of the laws of
"The 'President and f Secretary of
State," said Mr. Sisson, "should only
assure an alien Government that the
people of that alien Nation would be
dealt with fairly in accordance with
the .laws of the states. Any other po
sition would lead to the Federal Gov
ernment taking out from under the
laws of the states the citizens of an
other Nation. But all citizens or ali
ens resident in a state must be held
subject to its laws, and to exempt the
alien would give him privileges over
and above those accorded to American
Representative Mann, the Republi
can leader, suggested the United
States had the constitutional right to
treat with foreign Governments to se
cure for American citizens ' property"
rights abroad, and that Mr. Sisson
was contending that the foreign Gov
ernments did not have a similar right.
Awaits Outcome of Bryan's Visit.
Washington. It wa3 stated at the
Japanese embassy that there had
been no change in the status regard
ing the California alien land bill
since Secretary Bryan's departure for
Sacramento. The Japanese govern
ment is awaiting the outcome of the
secretary's mission. Meanwhile it la
felt that anything in the nature of
interference' through the presenta
tion of diplomatic protests or any at
tempt to Inject Itserf into the con
ference about to begin in California,
between Secretary Bryan and the
state legislature would only tend to
embarrass the situation.
May Not Recognize New Republic.
Washington. Political develop
mnts in China have made it impos
sible that the United States will im
mediately recognize the new repub
lic as originally was intended and
officials here believe there is there
fore no danger of further complicat
ing the delicate situation at Pekin as
the result of the conclusion of the
fivjpower loan and the friction be
tween Yuan- Shi Kei and his cabinet
onthe on-ei side and the powerful
radical party on the other.
French Aviator Ends Long Flight
Kollum, Holland. A continuous
flight of over one thousand miles by
aeroplane was completed here by the
French aviator, Ernest Francois Gull
laux. He made only two stops dur
ing his flight from Biarritz, in the
extreme southwest of France, de
scending to replenish nls fuel at Bor
deaux and Villacomlay.
Friction Between Factions.
Washington. A rapidly growing
situation in Mexico City, fraught with
friction between the Huerta and the
Diaz factions of the provisional gov
ernment te reported in confidential ad
vices and these reports are augmented
by agents of the Carranza constitu
tionalists arriving here. Robert Pes
quiera, a member of the Mexican
house of deputies, rrived here to suc
ceed Gonzales Gante as , confidential
agent of the Carranza forces. Gante
has been assigned to a mission, th
nature of which Is not disclosed.