flJOO -Yr, In AAflMW -FOR GOD, FOR COUNTRY AND FOR TRUTH." tt9 i Ottk
VOL. XXIII. PLYMOUTH, N. C, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 1913. NO. 45.
FOR MODEL ROADS
IN NORTH CAROLINA
FORTY THOUSAND DOLLARS OF
GOVERNMENT MONEY SECUR
. ED FOR WORK.
THE GOVERNOR TO SELECT
The Experimental Highway That Will
Be Designated by Mr. Craig to Be
Built Under the Direction of Agri
Raleigh. A special from Washing
ton states that Senator Simmons has
secured $40,000 of government money
for experimental work in building
model good roads in North Carolina.
This is part of an appropriation of
$500,000 carried in the postoffice ap
propriation bill last year for model
highway construction. It was incor
porated in the bill by an amendment
offered by Senator Simmons, and is
the first big appropriation ever made
for the purpose by the federal govern
The country has been divided into
eight groups and North Carolina has
been selected as the state to make the
experiments in the South Atlantic
group. This was agreed upon after
many conferences between Mr. Sim
mons, Postmaster General Burleson
and Secretary of Agriculture Houston
Governor Craig will be requested to
make the selection of the road to
. The agricultural department will
Insist upon constructing the best type
of road, the government paying one
third of the expense and the local
oommunity two-thirds. The roads
will be built under the direction of
the division of public roads of the
department of agriculture.
Instead of building one road, of 25
or 40 miles in length Senator Sim
mons hopes that Governor Craig and
the department will arrange for the
construction of - at' least two roads,
one in the eastern and one In the
western part of the state.
The postmaster general and the
secretary of agriculture are anxioup
to begin the work as soon as possible
so that its success may be noted and
a report made to the next session of
congress and possibly - furnish the
basis for a comprehensive plan of co
operation between the federal and
state government in highway con
Rewards and Requisitions.
A requisition from the governor of
South Carolina was honored for J. C.
White, who is in jail at Laurinburg
, and is wanted in Richland County,
S. C., on the charge of abandoning
his wife and small children. Govern
or Craig issued a requisition on the
governor of New York for Theodore
Lucas, who is wanted in Cumberland
county for murder. Rewards by the
state Are announced from the govern
or's office for three negroes, Bill Mc
Neill, Luther Wade and Bud Sheri
dan, charged with killing Wesley
Breeden at Bowles, Robeson county.
Additional rewards are offered lo
Halifax School Commencement.
Last week was a history-making
week for old Halifax county, for
there was a gathering at Weldon of
all the public ecchool teachers and
scholars from all sections of the coun
ty, to hold a county commencement,
the first for this county. Vehicles of
every description were seen moving
In this direction and every train
brought extra coaches filled with
Good Roads in Vance County.
The Good Roads Commission of
Vance county has met and organized,
electing permanent officers as fol-.
lows: President, W. B. Daniel; vice
president, John D. ' Cooper, secretary,
Jerre P. Zollicoer; treasurer, T. T.
Hicks. Mr. Fallis, a civil engineer
and builder of good roads, was pres
ent and on invitation addressed the
members of the commission.
Southern Railway Files Answer.
The Southern, Railway Company fil
ed recently with the corporation com
mission its answer to the complaint
of 75 or more prominent shippers 1r
central and western Carolina alleglnr
that the Southern has for years been
overcharging for freight on intrastate
shipments by the wrongful applicatlor
of high Western divisional rates on
interdivisional shipments. The answer
amounts simply to Insi3teraoe that
the charges that have been aplied are
the lawful rates on the shipments in
DEDICATE PEABODY BUILDING
School of Education of University of
North Carolina, Prof. M. C. S.
Chapel Hill. With greetings from
all classes of schools and colleges in
the state and with special addresses
by ' State Superintendent of Public In
struction Joyner and Dr. Herman Har
rel Home of New York University, the
new Peabody Education Building of
the University of North Carolina ded
icated to the service of the state. The
exercises came as a fitting climax to
the high school conference that has
brought teachers, superintendents and
college professors to Chapel Hill to
discuss the problems and needs of
public school educatin in North Caro
lina. - '
The exercises were opened with an
invocation by Rev. W. T. D. Moss. Dr.
Venable .then formally welcomed the
educational workers to the exercises.
Responses were made on behalf of
the state schools and colleges by Dr.
J. I. Foust of the State Normal; on
behalf of the priviate and denomina
tional schools and colleges by Profes
sor J. H. Highsmith of Wake Forest;
on behalf of the country' schools by
Zebulon V. Judd, superintendent of
the Wake county schools; and on be
half of the city schools by John J.
Blair, superintendent of the Wilming
Doctor Joyner spoke on the need
for a broader and deeper professional
training for teachers and superintend
ents. He showed clearly the educa
tional needs of the state, and pointed
out how this new school of education
would begin to fill that need. Doctor
Horne spoke on the function of a
school of education in a state uni
versity. He recited with telling force
the position; of North Carolina among
the state in education, as revealed
by the investigations of the Russell
Sage Foundation, and showed how
all the educational powers in the state
should unite in this school.
In a few words of gratitude, Dean
M. C. S. Noble told how this building
had been the object of his, work for
15 years .and promised his further
service to the state.
After the exercises a reception was
given in the new building.
North Carolina New Enterprises.
The following charters have been
issued: Southern' Hosiery Mills Com
pany of Burlington; authorized capi
tal, $20,000, with $6,500 subscribed for
by L. C. Christman, C. J. Boland and
J W. Murray; Shaw McLeod Company
of St. Pauls; general merchandise; au
thorized capital $100,00 with $3,600
paid in by L. Shaw, A. R. McEachern
and Geo. B. McLeod. Geo. J. Hales
Company of Rocky 'Mount; wholesale
and retail merchandise; authorized
capital $50,000 with $25,000 subscribed
for by George J. Hales, Geo. Roy
Hales, W. H. McCorkle and D. W.
Turner. Fairmont Supply Company of
Fairmont, Robeson county; general
merchandise; authorized capital $20,
000 with $6,500 subscribed for by E
G. Floyd, John H. Johnson, Ed Loupo',
H. L Hays, D. L. Floyd and D. F.
Asheville Car Strike Ends.
The strike of the motormen and con
The strike of the motormen and
conductors on the local lines of the
Asheville Power & Light Company,
which was declared about two weekr
ago ended several days ago, when the
company announced its willingness to
make certain advances In the wages
of the men. The new rate ranges from
20 cents an hour for the first year, to
25 cents an hour for the fourth year
and every year thereafter. The set
tlement of the strike was brought
about by the good offices of Governor
Craig and a committee of ten citizens
To Develop Live Stock. '
Dr. B. W. Kilgore, director of state
experiment farms and Mr. R. B. Gray,
an expert in animal husbandry, who
will take charge of all the state's
live stock, have been at the Iredell
test farm near Statesville for the last
week. The department has decided to
develop the ive stock interest In the
Iredell farm and the,,farm in the east
ern part of the state, and Dr. Kilgore
and. Mr. Gray are planning the new
building to be erected at the Iredell
farm to take care of the increased
Save Prisoner From Mob.
A young white man charged wit,h
assault by a negro girl was rushed
from Pee Dee to jail at Rockingham
after having been threatened by s
large mob of negroes. C. A. Mussel-
white of Pee Dee made the arrest and
with the assistance of two negroes
Watt Hencher and Ben Pratt, held thf
prisoner until the arrival of Sheriff
Lowery and a posse. Hencher and
Pratt really seem to have saved the
life of the accused man by interfering
when the mob would have fired upon
Mm with pistols.
TROUBLE IS PASSED
MONTENEGRO HAS ABANDONED
SCUTARI AND LEAVES FORT-
RESS WITH POWERS.
SENDS TELEGRAM TO GREY
A Meeting of the Ambassadors Will
be Held When the Future of the
City Will1 Be Discussed Very Sat
.London. King Nicholas of Monte
negro, having placed the future of
Scutari in the hands of the European
Powers, the settlement of the Albania
trouble now depends upon whether
Essad Pasha and Djavid , Pasha will
obey the orders sent by the Sublime
Porte to withdraw their armies to the
Turkish Empire. It is believed that as
Montenegro has abandoned Scutari,
Essad Pasha "will recognize the futility
of his aspirations to the kingship of
Albania in the face of the threatened
Austro-Italian expedition to expel
One of the Ambassadors at the
close of the ambarssadorial confer
ence here said:
"The situation is saved and the
crisis, is past. The reported Austro
Italian action 'in Albania Has no point
Another meeting of the ambassa
dorial conference w.ill be held when
arrangements with regard to the fu
ture of Scutari and Albania will be
discussed at the close of the Ambas
sadors' conference in London an offi
cial communication, was issued read
ing as follows:
"The fact that the King of Monte
negro has placed the fate of Scutari
in the hands of the Powers is a mat
ter of great satisfaction. The Gov
ernments of the Powers will now con
sider what arrangements shall ' be
made in - the immediate future in re
gard to the town."
Solar Physical Observations.
Wellington, N. Z. The mission of
linking together solar observations
throughout the world, undertaken by
Miss Mary Proctor, of New York, a
daughter of the great English astronof
mer, Richard A. Proctor, who died in
New York in 1888, has been brought
to a successful conclusion after five
year's work. The establishment of a
solar physical observatory in New
Zealand was assured by the donation
of $60,000 by Thomas Cawthorn, of
Nelson, N. Z.
Latest Report on Flood Situation.
New Orleans. An account of the
slow return of the Gibson's Landing
crevasse waters to the Mississippi riv
er through the Red river, the weather
bureau lowered the maximum flood
stages previously forecast for Baton
Rouge, Dpnaldsonville and New, Or
leans. The present indications are
that the maximum stages in the lower
river will range from half a foot to
more than a foot below the high
record stages of 1912.
Decision By Supreme Court.
' Washington. Persons exporting
arms from the United States to pro
mote revolution In Mexico, may be ar
rested byAmerican authorities, for
violating the neutrality proclamation
of 1912, before the arms have actually
left the United States, according to
decision by the suprerme court. The
decision reversed the district federa'
court of Western Texas, which an
nuled indictments against Arnulfe
Chavez, and Jose Masa.
Phagan Murder Still a Mystery.
Atlanta, Ga. Despite diligent ef
forts to discover the identity of the
person or persons who murdered 14-year-old
Mary Phagan and hid her
body in the basement of the National
Pencil Company's factory here, wherr
it was discovered over a week ago
police and detectives are apparently
as far as ever from solving the mys
tery. Inquiry Into Coal Field Situation.
Washington. After reading a state
ment by Governor Hatfield of West
Virginia, denying allegations of peon
age and a reign of terror in the Paint
Creek and Cabin Creek coal districts,
Senator Kern reiterated his Intention
to press his resolution for a federal
Inquiry into the West Virginia coal
field situation. "I have never pre
tended," declared Senator Kern, "to
have had personal knowledge of cot
ditions in West Virginia. I have stat
ed facts as they have been presented
; tf"rJy- 'mi'-"
1 . "
Even the gentlemen of France stopped and gazed at these beautiful
Parisians in their most startling display of spring fashions at the Long
BANKS TOM INTEREST
ALL DEPOSITARIES, BEGINNING
JUNE 1, MUST PAY 2 PER
CENT PER ANNUM.
WILL INCREASE CIRCULATION
McAdoo Says With Banks Paying
Interest Government Deposits
Will Be Increased
Washington. The fiscal system of
the United States governing deposits
of federal funds In national banks
was revolutionized by Secretary Mc
Adoo, of the treasury department,
with an announcement that all govern
ment depositaries, whether active or
inactive, would be required to pay in
terest at the rate of 2 "per cent per
annum beginning June 1 upon deposits
of the government.
Simultaneously with this action the
secretary authorized an immediate in
crease of $10,000,000 In government de
posits in the national banks, making
the totad $52,649,964, from which the
federal treasuhy will earn, under the
new Interest order, $1,053,000 annually.
There are Indications that Secretary
McAdoo intends to release still more
surplus money from the treasury
vaults and place it in general circu
lation through increased deposits with
the national banks. ,
In a statement Secretary McAdoo
"With the banks paying interest on
government deposits the secretary may
be Justified in keeping larger balances
in the national banks, thereby increas
ing the volume of money in circula
tion and to that extent reducing the
amount locked up in the treasury."
GREAT FLOODS IN LOUISIANA
Many Towns Are Being Inundated
and Much Suffering
Vidalia, La. Flood water from the
crevasse near Gibson's Landing has
covered Harrlsburg, a town of 500 in
habitants, but the rise is slow. The gap
is now 2,500 feet wide, according to a
report by Capt. C. O. Sherrill, United
States engineer, who inspected the
Government tugs, barges and the
New Orleans and Northwestern rail
road took hundreds of refugees to
Natchez. The United States tugs
Harengo and Tunica alone transported
750 persons and 1,500 head of stock.
Americans Forced to Pay Ransom.
Washington. Mexican constitution
alists at San Dimas have forced
Americans there to pay ransoms of
18,000 Mexican dollars and have con
fiscated " their arms. Official reports
from Mazatlan say great unrest pre
vails among American "residents there,
as the Hureta forces are said to be In
sufficient to protect property. Foreign
merchants In Piedras Negras are
alarmed over a proclamation by Gov
ernor Carranza, chief of the state
troops, authorizing an interior debt of
SEEN IN PARIS
LAND SUIT WON BY U. S.
LAND WORTH MILLIONS OF DOL
l LARS IS WON BY THE
Southern Pacific Ordered to Return
- Property Valued at $60,000,000
to United States
Portland, Ore. Land stipulated to
be worth $30,000,000 and estimated by
experts to have a value of $40,000,000
to $60,000,000, was ordered taken from
the Southern Pacific Railroad company
and returned to the federal govern
ment by Judge C. F Wolverton in the
United States district court. .
The Oregon-California land grant
case, ' involving more than 2,300,000
acres, will be carried to the circuit
court of appeals, sitting at San Fran
cisco, and later to the United States
Supreme court for final adjudication.
The case was submitted without
argument after an agreement of coun
sel out of court.
This case was instituted in 1908.
Early in the history of the case, A. W.
Lafferty filed about sixty private suits
for men induced to locate on the lands.
The main case,' demanding forfeiture
of 2,300,000 acres remaining unsold,
then was filed.
In the decree authorized, the Laf
ferty and all other ntervening cases
were ordered dismissed and the gov
ernment's main contention for for
feiture was declared the final verdict
of the lower court.
A total of 820,000 acres of the land
has been sold, some of it as high as
$40 an acre.
Mother Throws Sons Into Stream.
Logansport, Ind. Mrs. Nellie Paugh,
36 years old, threw her two sons, Don
ald, 12, and Delbert, 6, from a bridge
into Deer creek and jumped into the
stream. The mother and the younger
boy wore drowned, but Donald swam
ashore. Before throwing the boys off
the bridge the mother told them she
was doing so because no one loved
Father of 50 Children.
Walnut, Ark. A table of "Uncle
Tom" Ellison's progeny, recast after
the birth of a child to one 6f his
granddaughters, showed a surprising
record. Ellison, 93 years old, has
been married three times. The table
showed that he was the father of fifty
children; grandfather of 125 children;
great-grandfather of 60 children;
great-great-father of 27 children.
Surgeons to Change Man's Face.
Los Angeles, Cal. Ortie E. McMan
lgal, confessed dynamiter, plans to
have his appearance altered by sur
gery when he is released. It is re
ported his release from the county
jail may be granted at any time, and
McManigal hopes to so change him
self that no one will know him as
the man whose testimony sent the
McNamara brothers and more than a
score of labor union officials to prison.
Detectives say the time of release
will be kept secret, to aid him, ac
cording to a statement published here.
SENATE REFUSES TO PASS RESO
LUTION DEFERRING TO PRES
0BJECTI0NAL PART CUT OUT
Amendment Adopted Permitting I nel
igible Aliens to Lease Lands for
Not Exceeding Three Years
Measure Passed by 36 Votes to 2. A
A The administration anti-alien A
Ai holding bill, drawn by Attor- A
A general Webb passed the sen- A
A ate by a vote of 30 to 2, after A
A nearly ten hours of debate. ' A
A The only negative votes were A
A cast by Senator Cartwright, A
A Democrat, and Senator Wright, A
A Republican. A
A Governor Johnson will sign A
A the alien bill as . soon as it A
A comes to him, reserving a "rea; A
A sonable time" in which to lis- A
A ten to protests. A
A "I have assured Mr. Bryan," A
A he said, "that when the bill A
L comes to me from the leglsla- A
ture I will wait a reasonable A
A time for his protests. I can- A
A not say howlong." 1 A
A " A
Sacramento, Cal. The California
senate showed a resolute determina
tion to put aside the recommendations
of President Wilson and his envoy.
Secretary Bryan, and pass an act pro
hibiting Japanese and other aliens in
eligible to citizenship from holding
land by purchase or by lease for more
thah three years. ,
In phraseology, the bill as redraft
ed by Attorney General Webb after
many conferences with Governor John
son and the administration floor lead
ers, omitted the words "ineligible to
citizenship" which are offensive to Ja
pan, but those in charge of the bill
repeatedly admitted in debate that
the end sought was the same.
Democratic opposition was purely
tactical. The minority confessed its
sympathy with the ends sought and
freely criticised the bill, not as too
drastic, but as too'' weak. Where the
minority differed was In its judgment
of the means wisest to employ. This
attitude found its expression in a res
olution offered by Senator Curtin and
defeated by a vote of 10 ayes to 26
noes. The administration majority for
the bill was solid with a single excep
tion. In opposition were eight out of
ten Democrats, one progressive and
Senator Wright, of San Diego, the lone
Taft Republican in the chamber.
RESCUE STEAMER SINKS i
Two Whites and Eleven Negroes Lose
Lives When Boat Sinks. 4
Natchez, Miss. The steamer Con
cordia, of Natchez, which was engaged
In rescue work in the flooded sections
of Tensas and Concordia parishes,
struck the Iron railroad bridge at Clay
ton, La., and sank.
Eleven Negro refugees who were
aboard the steamer were drowned
when the boat went down.
The Concordia probably will be a "
total loss, as she was badly wrecked
by the collision with the bridge and
is submerged in about 25 feet of wa
ter in the Tensas river. The steam
er had about 130 Negroes on board
when she went down.
The Concordia was bringing to
Natchez flood refugees rescued from
housetops and second stories of build
ings just above Clayton, which is sev
eral miles inland from the river.
The steamer has been navigating
crevasse water ranging from 8 to 15
feet deep where less than a week ago
there were fine farms and prosperous
Four-Year-Old Child Sets Barn Afire.
Elberton, Ga. The 4-year-old Child
of G. L. Wallace, Bowman, in this coun
ty, crawled into a barn next to the
warehouse in Bowman, set fire in some
way to the building and was cremated.
Until its crisp" body was found it was
not known the child was in the barn.
Bandit Raids Train.
Robbery of the Joplin mMlonalni
was the primary object of the giant
bandit who held up a Kansas City
Southern passenger train in the Kan
sas City suburbs. According to the
police theory. After a pistol fight
with Mr. Sihort in the Pullman, the
robber fell off the train wounded, car
rying $1,000 of Short's money. The
mine owner was left dying in hia
berth with three bullets in his body.
Physicians say Short will recover. The
total amount obtained was $1,100 la
money and a diamond.