$1X0 a Year, In Advance. r ;' "FOR GOD, FOR COUNTRY, AND FOR TRUTH." CWi CaaSS
VOL. XXIV. ' ; PLYMOUTH, N. C., FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 1913. ' NO. 11.
WORK ON PANAMA CANAL IS
NOW ON THE FINAL
WORK AHEAD OF SCHEDULE
Dry Excavation Has Been Completed.
Dredges to Do Rest Waterway
Ready for Shipping Soon.
Panama. The. dry excavation of
the canal has been completed, the
steam phovel working In the Culebra
cut having removed the last rock. The
further excavation of the canal will
be completed by dredging.
Washington. Completion of dry ex
cavation oa the Panama canal just ten
days ahead of schedule time advanced
the work on the great waterway al
most to the final stage. Much digging
and cleaning out remains to bo done
in Culebra cut and along the route,
but this will be accomplished by
mammoth dTedges floating on the sur
face of the canal.
An army of men will be busy during
the next four weeks removing steam
shovels and other equipment and ma
terial, including 36 'miles of railroad
track from the 9-mile channels' in
Culebra cut between Gamboa dike and
Pedro Miguel locks. This is prepara
tory to turning water into the chan
nel from Gatun lake, on the Atlantic
side, on October 5, five days , in ad
vance of the" date set for dynamiting
Gamboa dike. The water will be intro
duced through four 26-inch pipes ex
tending underneath the dike, and, al
though the five day period hardly will
suffice to fill the channel to one
third the canal level, enough 'would
be let in to act as a cushion against
the explosion when the dike is de
stroyed. " '
While the cut is being cleared of
railway and equipment, drilling and
blasting will be going on at the bot
tom of the"channel, loosening up rock
and earth for the dredges that soon
will be clawing away through water.
On August 1, 993,000 cubic yards re
.mained to be taken out of the "theo
retical canal prism," and since that
time the steam shovels have reduced
the amount to approximately 650,000
cubic yards, which is left for the
"dredges. Six of the shovels will be
continued, however, in removing ma
terial from the east and west banks
near Culebra to lessen the danger from
MEXICAN OFFICER IS KILLED
Killing of Acosta Causes Great Ex
citement Among Huerta Troops.
El Paso, Texas. Lieut. F. Acosta, an
officer in General Salazar's federal
command at Juarez, crossed the Stan
ton street international bridge and
was killed by JLFnited States Customs
Inspector T, F. Jonah and Immigra
tion Inspector Thomas N. Heifron, af
ter he had opened fire on them with a
He was shot through the mouth and
arm, and his horse, from which he had
dismounted, was shot through the side.
Tho American officers wprn iinininrpd
Before crossing the bridge the Mexi
can had remarked that he was "going
to kill a gringo." ,
Heifron was standing at the Ameri
can end of the bridge when Acosta
first opened fire at him. He fired back,
using an automatic pistol. Jonah has
tened to his assistance, and began fir
ing at the Mexican. The Mexican offi
cer was within 30 feet of the Ameri
cans before he was killed.
Two troops of the Thirteenth cav
alry were ordered to the bridge fol
lowing the shooting, in order to re
strain the 1,000 Mexicans who had
gathered on the Mexican side of the
' Gen. Hugh L. Scott, commander of
the United States troops, was notified
of the shooting, and he ordered all
troops to be prepared for movement
to El Paso from. Fort Bliss
Southern Men Given Forengn Posts.
Washington. President Wilson sent
to the senate the following nomina
tions: To be ambassador to Spain,
Joseph E. Wiilard of yirginia; to be
minister to Honduras, John Ewing of
Japanese Clamor for War.
Tokio. The assasisnation of Morll
are Abe, director of the political bu
reau of the, Japanese foreign office,
has inflamea the masses, and a dra
matic chapter in the history of the
new Japan was-written. Fifteen thou
sand persons gathered in mass meet
ing in Hibiya park, calling for mili
tary action against China. A majority
of these marched to the foreign office
and clamored for admission. They de
manded the dispatch of troops to Chi.
na to take such measuers as were
nv v.-iiJiry to obtain satisfaction.
CALLIE HOKE SMITH
' - -:
Miss Callie Hoke .Smith, the
younger daughter of Senator Hoke
Smith of Georgia, will be a debutants
in Washington society next season.
PELLAGRA STILL A PUZZLE
LITTLE KNOWN OF THE DISEASE
AFTER TWO YEARS OF
Southern Physicians Hold Conference
to Discuss Causes of the
Spartanburg, S. C. After two years
of research by a corps of twenty sci
entists, the Thompson-McFadden Pel
lagra commission still is ignorant of
the cause of the disease. This was an
nounced by Dr. Ward J. McNeal of
the New York Post-Graduate hospital,
a member of the commission, at a con
ference here of Southern physicians.
Nearly two hundred physicians, stu
dents of the disease, were' here for
the conference. They came from near
ly every Southern state.
Doctor McNeal summarized the com
mission's findings thus:
"First, the supposition that the indi
gestion of good or spoiled maize is
the essential cause of pellagara is not
supported by our study.
"Second, pellagra is in all probabil
ity a specific infectious disease com
municable by means at present un
known. "Third, we have discovered no evi
dence incriminating Buffalo gnats in
the causation of pellagra. If it is dis
tributed by a blood-sucking insect, the
stable fly would appear to be the most
probable carrier. -
"Fourth, we are inclined to regard
intimate association" in the household
and the contamination of food with
the excretions of pellagrins as possi
ble modes of distribution of the dis
ease. "If you remove a pellagrin in the
early stages of the disease from the
endemic locality of the disease, put
him in better surroundings and give
him plenty of good, nourishing food,
regardless of treatment he will get
well and stay well. In view of the
high mortality of pellagra and the
pessimistic feeling in regard to it this
should be a comforting thought to us.
It should also be comforting that pel
lagra is not directly transmissible from
one person to another."
Build 300 Miles of Roads in 2 Days.
Little Rock Ark. Although definite
figures were not available reports
from all parts of the state indicate
that at least three (hundred miles of
highway were improved during Arkan
sas' two good roads days, fixed by
Governor Hays' proclamation. "The
success of the movement exceeded my
most sanguine expectation," said the
governor. "Next year I shall again
designate good roads days." Governor
Major of Missouri, who aided the Ar
kansas workers the first day, was forc
ed to abandon his shovel and return
to executive duties in his own state.
He hired five men to take his place.
Taft Heads Bar Association.
Montreal, Quebec. Ex-President
William H. Taft was elected president
of the American .Bar Association at
the close of the annual session defeat
ing Gen. P. W. Meldrim of Savannah,
Ga.. by one vote on the second ballot
It had been generally understood that
General Meldrim would be chosen, as
Dresident. but the nomination of for
mer President Taft complicated mat
ters. On the first ballot, which was
by states, Taft and Meldrim tied. On
the fecund ballot one vote changed to
?ir. Ta!t ai:d Me! iri-.a was dcfea;o-i.
HOT SPRINGS, ARK.,
SWEPT BY FLAMES
THIRTY BLOCKS BURNED TO
ASHES BY FIERCE CON
FLAGRATION. MILLIONS OF DOLLARS LOST
Famous Hotels, City Water and Sup
ply Plants All Destroyed The
Flames Burn Themselves Out.
Hot Springs, Ark. Fire, which
started in a negro's cabin at the foot
of West Mountain, the southern ex
tremity of Hot Springs, reduced to a
smouldering mass of "wreckage an
area more than a mile in length and
from seven to ten blocks wide in
the eastern section of the city. An
accurate statement of the monetary
loss is not possible, but is roughly es
timated at ten million dollars.
Governor Hayes arrived in Hot
Springs and will order a military pa
trol of the burning district. United
States troops are also expected, from
Little Rock to add to the guard on
the military reservation.
In the path of the flames were man
ufacturing establishments, hotels, a
number of the more pretentious resi
dences and public buildings. All were
'destroyed. It is estimated that two
thousand persons are homeless.
-But few of those whose homes were
burned saved any of their belongings,
and guests of the hotels gave little
heed to their valuables and luggage
in their, efforts to escape with their
A police patrol of 250 men were
sworn in to patrol the fire swept dis
trict. All the homeless have been
cared for temporarily and plans have
been started to systematize the work
of succor. Many offers of assistance
in fire-fighting eparatus, financial aid,
food and clothing have, been received,
but it is believed that outisde aid will
not be needed.
Business wa3 pratically suspended
except that necessary to provide for
the immediate wants of those who suf
fered the loss of their homes. The
lack of light and power prevented the
operation of the street car system, the
publication of newspapers and other
industries depending on motive power
from the city's plant.
General Manager Dillon of the pub
lic utilities commission states that a
temporary light and power ' service
will be established within thirty day,?
and in three months the utilities will
be working to their capacity again.
The natural gas supply was not in
The fire originated in a negro dwell
ing on Church street, near Malvern
avenue, just east of the Army and
Navy hospital, and' spread quickly to
the south and east. "A number of
small dwellings, dry as tinder, as a
result of an extended drouth, were
easy prey for the flames, which with
in a few minutes were beyond control
of the local fire department.
U.S. IS WAITING ON INCLAN
Disposition to Receive Envoy Favora
bly May Want to Float Loan.
Washington. Developments in the
Mexican situation probably will await
the arrival in Washington of Manuel
De Zamacona y Inclan, personal en
voy of the Huerta government, to con
tinue with the Washington adminis
tration the negotiations begun by John
Lind, personal representative of Pres
ident Wilson in Mexico.
Administration officials have not de
cided whether they would receive Se
nor De Zamacona unless he brought
positive assurances of Huerta's elimi
nation from the presidential election
in Mexico and was ready to act upon
the other points in the American pro
posals for the establishment of peace.
Senor De Zamacona's chief connec
tion with the Mexican government in
the past has been in financial matters
and his mission Is said to contemplate
not only the furtherance of the nego
tiations looking toward peace, but the
floating of a loan that would be en
couraged by the American govern
ment. He has managed Mexico's finan
cial affairs in Europe heretofore and
during his stay here as ambassador
to the United States in 1911 became
widely known and popular with dip
Bandits Make Rich Haul.
Columbia, S. C Three men, each
armed with two revolvers, held up two
employees of the J. G. White Con
struction company and a deputy sher
iff at Parr Shoals, twenty miles from
here, and took from -them $16,000 in
currency which had been intended to
meet the pay roll of the company,
which is building a huge power dam
there. Seven hundred employees of
the company,-together with the sher
iffs and deputies of four counties with
bloodhounds, are hunting for the rob-
i Franklin Brockson, the new Demo
cratic congressman from Delaware, Is
the only representative of his state
in the lower house of congress. The
population of the state Is only about
26 M KILLED
WHITE MOUNTAIN EXPRESS, GO-
ING 40 MILES AN HOUR,
Many Prominent Persons Are Among
Victims Who Were Return
ing From Maine.
New Haven, Conn. Twenty-six per
sons were killed and nearly fifty in
jured, some of whom may die, in a
rear-end collision shortly before seven
o'clock in the morning on the New
York, New Haven and Hartford rail
road, six miles north of here.
The first section of the White
Mountain Express bound for New
York, speeding along at probably for-"
ty miles an hour, in a thick fog, rush
ed by a danger signal, it is said, and
crashed into the rear of the second
section of the Bar Harbor express,
standing If.. feet beyond the block
The White Mountain engine cleav
ed through the two rear Pullman cars,
both of wood, splitting them in two
and tossing their wreckage and three
score of mangled human beings, some
alive, some dead, on either side of the
The third car, also cf wood and
occupied by forty boys on their way
from a summer camp at Monmouth,
Maine, was lifted into the air and fell
on its side crumpled up and crushing
two of the boys to death and injuring
DENOUNCE CROP DEPOSITS
Alleged That Treasury Plan Vfill Ben
efit Speculators, Not Producers.
Salina, Kan. The plan of the treas
ury department for placing money in
various banks to aid in moving crops
was criticised severely at the national
convention of the Farmers' Union and
the conevntion adopted a report of the
legislative committee which declared
"it could not see a single benefit in
the crop aid plan."
The report declared the result of the
plan would be that money would not
be loaned to the farmer to enable him
to market his crop gradually to meet
demands of trade, but "would put more
money into-he hands of speculators
to buy r Sya from farmers forced to
sell because they could not get
The administration currency bill also
was criticised on the ground that it
would force farmers to sell at har
vest time and that speculation would
A resolution urging a national mar
keting bureau was adopted.
Speakers at the convention said the
amount of money the treasury depart
ment is to place in the various banks
over the coufnry to aid in the moving
of crops should be increased to $200,
000,000 under conditions requiring the
central banks to loan the moneyto
their correspondent banks in the ru
ral sections at 4 per cent, interest and
rural banks to charge their custom
ers 6 per cent, for loans.
Confidence Men Rob Wealthy Men.
Terre Haute, Ind. With the arrest
here of George Reed, John Collins
and Hugh McGinnis of Indianapolis,
on complaint of Cary Shaw, president
of the Second National bank, of Hous
ton, Texas, the police declare they
have ended the operations of a gang
that in the last year has swindled
wealthy men out of nearly a quarter
of a million dollars. The work of the
gang, the; officials say, closely resem
bled that o? -fN3 . MaJbray swindle syn
dicate, and ' Vided fake prize fights.
Mr. Shaw,. Y7,500.
ill HID 10
HOPES OF DEFENSE IN DEPORTA
TION PROCEEDINGS OUTLINED
THE ALIEN ACT IS ATTACKED
The Hearing Will Be Unique in That
William Travers Jerome, an Ameri
can Lawyer, Will Appear Before the
Montreal. According to J. N.
Greerishields, of Thaw counsel, one of
the main hopes of the defense in the
Thaw, deportation proceedings, aside
from the fight against the immigra
tion act itself, is an alleged irregu
larity in the proceedings taken by the
immigration officers. It is contended
they did not have a formal order from
the Minister of Justice to take Thaw
in charge, which the defense claims
is necessary under the act when the
alien affected has been in the country
10 days. -
Thaw had been in the country over
15 days when he was surrendered to
the immigration officials, and T. R.
E. Mclnnes, K. C.., ha3 made an affi
davit that the immigration men took
Thaw in charge without proper auth
ority. He states that before the board cf
inquiry, he demanded that E. Blake
Robertson, assistant superintendent
of immigration, produce this document
and that the latter declined to do so.
The second reason cited to Judges
Gervais and Cross in- the Informal
application made by Thaw's counsel
before the matter was brought into
chambers, was the unconstitutionality
of the act.
The third point was the alleged
! misuse of the act to supplement and
aid the enforcement of- law and or
der in New York State. .
"Thaw's chances of ultimate free
dom are better now than they have
been at any time since he was first
arrested on a charge of murder,"
summed up Mr. Greenshields. "The
immigration act is full of holes. It
is a positive disgrace to Canada."
If the judges of the Court of King's
Eench prove willing the hearing of
the Thaw appeal against the immi
gration act may prove to be unique
in the appearance as spokesman be
fore the court , of an American law
yer, William Travers Jerome. ,
' Gambling Charge Not Sustained.
Coatcook, Que. William Travers
Jerome wa3 acquitted on the charge
of having gamlbled on the station
property of the Grand Trunk Railway
here while waiting -for the immigra
tion authorities to pass on the case
of. Harry K. Thaw.. In discharging
him the court apologized for the hu
miliation to which he had been sub
jected. Transport Sails to Mexico.
San Francisco. The army transport
Buford sailed to gather up Americans
in peril on the west coast of Mexico.
The vessel is in charge of Charles
Jenkinson, special representative of
the state department. The Buford
will fly the Red Cross flag as it" is
believed the ship will be better able
to perform its relief work under the
banner owing to the present temper
of Mexicans, than under the United
States flag. The Buford, it is thought,
will bring back between 500 and 1,000
Americans and probably a second trip
will have to be made to accommodate
all who wish to get awav.
Large. Arrcunt cf Cotton Gined.
Washington. The greatest quurtity
of cotton ever ginned in tin period
prior to September 1st was reported
by the census bureau when it was an
nounced 794,006 bales of the growth of
1913 had been put out from the gin
neries throughout the South since the
beginning of the season. The heavy
ginnings for this first period c; the
season are the results of ct: early ma
turing of the crops and of an effort of
the farmers to beat the boll weevil. .
Japanese Newspaper Suppressed.
Tokio. Anarchistic expression in
connection with the agitation over the
killing of the Japanese at Nanking led
to the suppression of the Nikrou
Shimbun, an independent newspaper?
The journal asserted that the punish
ment of the spies of Yuan Shi Yai,
the 'Chinese president, had just com
menced, that the murder of Director
Abe of the Japanese foreign office was
a "heavenly judgment" and -that other
assassinations would follow. The
members of the Japanese cabinet are
being protected by detective.
LAND OF THE LONG LEAF PINE
Short Paragraphs of State News That
Has Been Condensed For Busy
People of State.
King. Mr. D. J. Hooker, who re
sides two miles west of here, lost a,
good barn of tobacco by fire recently.
Statesville. Mr. J. E. Fesperman of
Statesville, has been appointed dis
trict counsellor of the Junior Order
for the district composed of Iredell,
Alexander, Catawba and Lincoln coun
ties. Charlotte. Mayor Charles A. Bland
has received a letter frfim Dr. Joseph
Hyde Pratt asking that he apoint 10
delegates to attend the Good Roada'
meeting to be held in Ashevllle in Oc
tober. . ..
High Point. The police officers are
killing the dogs of the city that run
around on the streets. Since a man
was bitten not long ago, it is thought
that hydrophobia is prevalent, and
this is being done for the safety of the ,
Wilson. Both the uprooting of"'
trees in this city and the toppling over
of chimneys, flooding of cellars, and ;
destruction to fences, and the putting -
oui or commission or teiepnone aaa
telegraph service, the live wires caua- ;
ed curious capers to be cut by several. ;
Raleigh. Will Brooks, a negro, who
escaped from convict camp No. 4, was
captured in Richmond several . days
ago. A deputy left to bring him back
to Raleigh. Brooks was convicted of
larceny and lacked only forty days of .
serving out his sentence.
Wilmington. On warrants charging
them with a common nuisance Reuben
Jarrell, Ralph Mills, Jarvis , Mills, C. -W.
Harvell and' lSlacon Cavenaugh,
unknown Tongue evangelists who
have been conducting a meeting at".
Delcado villaee for the nast several
weeks, were arrested.,
Raleigh. Commissioner of Insur
ance James R. Young issued a state
ment showing that there were 3,025
fires in this state during 1912 and 1,006
during the first six months of 1913.
Of the 1912 flre3 600 were of unknown
origin; 32 from defective flues; 104 '
from lightning and 284 from sparks.
Charlotte. There is to be a state
wide meeting of the Rexall stores in
Charlotte October 7 and 8 at the Sel-
wyn Hotel, when the 50-odd agents of
these goods will meet and have a big
banquet and other interesting features.
Jordan & Co. is the local 'drug store
that holds membership in the Rexall
Club, as it is called.
Charlotte. The regular monthly
meeting of the Mecklenburg Division
of the Farmers' Union was held with
the Hnntersville local. There was a
large number of farmers, from this
section in attendance and the reports
of the delegates who recently attended
the state convention at Raleigh were
Hendersonville. - Charged with
stealing an automobile owned by Doc--.
tor Blake of Spartanburg, S. C, Lon
Bryson, colored was arrested at
Fletchers by Deputy Sheriff Otis Pow
ers and brought to Hendersonville.
Bryson recently escaped from the Hen
derson county chaingang and enjoys
a bad reputation. .
Fayetteville. Dr. Henry R. Carter
of the United States Public Health
Service, delivered a lecture on local
sanitary conditions in connection with
mosquitoes and typhoid prevention in
the high school auditorium here. He
expressed himself optimistically as to
the opportunity here for the applica
tion of preventive methods in this
Greenville. Some days ago Mr;
George Jones was badly stabbed by ,
uscar KirK, a negro tenant, it seems
the negro had been troublesome for
some time and on this occasion they
had a few words, but Mr. Jones anti
cipated no trouble and turned and
walked off. Oscar then ran up and
stabbed him from behind, making a
dangerous wound in his left temple.
Kinston. Further impetus was giv
en the agitation for a union depot for
Kinston when the chamber of com
merce, at its regular meeting for Sep
tember, deliberated at 'length in the
matter. The secretary of the body
was ordered to communicate at once
wkh the railroads concerned, and ask
for a conference by representatives of
the roads and the directors of the
chamber of commerce.
Raleigh, Charstera were issued for
the Ayden -Furniture Company, Ay
den, Pitt County, capital $10,000 auth
orized and $5,000 subscribed by R. C.
Coward and tAhers, and for the Tabor
Drug Company of Tabor, Columbus
county, capital $5,000, subscribed by
E. L. Muse and others.
Sanford. Mr. Dunoan Evander Mc
Iver, able and successful lawyer; lead
er alike in the business and political
life of , Lee county,, prominent Ja
church and society in Sanford, ditvl
in a Rochester, Minn., hospital, whor'
he went about four weeks ago for an