$UDO Year, In Advance , , . -FOR GOD, FOR COUNTRY AND FOR TRUTH- mntfi Cp Ck
VOL. XXIV. V - ' ' . PLYMOUTH, N.. C, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER-7t 1913 , NO.' 19.
WOMEN PLAY PfiRT
MANY OF THEM ARE ACTING AS
FORAGERS FOR THEIR
. ' : MEN.
ACT AS SCOUTS FOR ARMY
Many of the Women of Mexico Joined
Ranks Rather' Than Stay at
"Del Rio,' Texas. Women of Mexico
are playing a prominent part in the
Avarfare of the southern republic, eith
'er as, "sokladeras," foraging success
fully for their men, or occasianally
as actual lighters.
This is true probably because the
present revolution has touched indi
viduals and the homes more intimate-
times. Nearly every Avoman in north
ern Mexico has seen Avarfare, shorn
of its theatricality, because it entered
the home and left death and want.
Many of these women have left their
homes rather than to remain alone,
-anti : fmv nf tlim liflvfi srone under
Tire to get revenge.
In the siege in "progress at Monte
rey, a valued member of Gen. Pablo
Gonzales Constitutional command is
'.wealthy Castilian whose brother was
.shot by Federal irregulars. 'She gave
up the comforts of a luxurious home
and begged for permission to-replace
A few months' ago at Monclova a
son of Senora Pimental of that city
had been sentenced to be shot. The
mother got into the Federal jail; by
stealth and stabbed two of the guards
and "rescued her son, escaping to- the
Constitutionalist headquarters, then at
Hernianas, 20 mile away.
In the Federal ranks there is. told
Hia x'fa rf an nffinar who
led the Constitutionalists into an am
buscade at Puerta Carmen, and,
though fired upon by ithe maddened
troops, galloped through the lines to
her husband's side. ' '
When less than a month' ago the
Federal army of General Maas occu
pied the Constitutionalists' provisional
capital at P'edras Negras, on the
American border across from Eagle
T .1 If 1 .3 .. 1 .... . ' n1tmA 4m
I'ilbS, llie . tuiuiut:i as jjiugu an m-
portaat role in the bloodless capture.
A sinaH group of them pitched their
tents on the overlooking hills two
days before their men arrived, acting
as lookouts. When tbo army arrived,
fully five hundred of these soldier
Avomen accompanied it, most of them
guarding the wagon trains, which their
skill as foragers had stuffed to burst
ing. A few hours after the city Avas
occupied the women spread supper
for the entire army in the open
SENDS MESSAGE TO WILSON
General Carranza Tells President How
to ueai vvitn Mexico.
Nogales,' Sonora. Through Dr. H. A.
Tupper of the international peace fo
riim, General Venustiano Carranza,
head Of the Constitutionalists of Mex
ico, transmitted to the United States
government an oinciai siaieuiein umi
suggests that President W'ilson can
solve the Mexican problem by merely
according to the Constitutionalists the
right to import arms freely from the
The struggle in Mexico will continue
irntil one side or the other is beaten
into helplessness, the statement as
serts. ,It further declares that the Con-.s-titutionaiists
are confident of wiping
out'Huerta and his partisans in a
short time if the embargo on arms
Carranza came here from llerniosil
lo, the rebel capital, with Doctor Tup
per, who had been with him there for
several days. "
- viriictui v c '
Avas submitted in a formal letter to
Tupper will he communicated by the
latter to Secretary Bryan.
Tupper telegraphed to Secretary
. Bryan asking him if he desired the
statement. The secretary replied m
the affirmative, adding, however, that
it would receive only unofficial at
tention. Tupper's recommendations
and impressions also were requested.
Prank With Gun pauses Death.
Tuskegee. Ala.--Sterling Floyd, 23
yeajs old, son of a large turpentine
operator, is in jail, charged -with mur
dering G. ,T. Poles, aged 30, at Mil
siead. Floyd is said to have playfully
put his shotgun in the face of each
;f five young men standing in front
of a store. A Avh en he returned from
hunting. Poles Avarned hfm that he
jnight accidentally shoot some one.
When Floyd, it is claimed, raised hir
gun, knocking-Howies' hat off. This,
Poles resented, and Floyd pulled his
pistol and shot Boles.
GEN. THOMAS J. STEWART
C-&;h fit 4
General Stewart is pres i&nt of the
National Guard association, having
been re-elected at the meeting of the
association! recently held in Chicago.
POWERS WILL-NOT OPPOSE
UNITED STATES WILL ASK" CO
OPERATION OF EUROPE TO
Great Britain, France and Germany
Have Agreed to Wait for the
Washington. Three European na
tkms, Great, Britain, Germany and
France have agreed to adopt no new
policy toward Mexico until the gov
ernment of the United States can sub
mit for their consideration a definite
plan for the future treatment of the
revolution-torn republi6 in Central
That a-request of the powers 'to
await a proposal regarding Mexico
from this government had been made
and that the three great European
nation's had yielded to the request was
announced by Secretary Bryan. ,
Mexico City. 'In the event that the
Iluerta-Blaiiquet ticket is shoAVn to
have polled a majority sufficient to
he declared elected, as now seems
probable, congress will declare the
lluerta votes void and Blanquet will
take the oath as vice president and
assu-ne office .as president pending
the calling of further elections.
A DEADLOCK THREATENED
Advocates of Central Bank and Friends
of Regional Bank May Not Agree.
Washington. A threatened deadlock
in the senate banking and currency
committee over the proposal to sub
stitute a government-owned bank for
the regional reserve bank plan in the
administration currency bill became
apparent when the committee began
executive consideration. of the meas
ure. Discussion was confined to the
central reserve . bank scheme, and
while no Vote was taken the debate
disclosed six senators for the govern
ment controlled bank and six for the
administration regional system.
The five Republicans on the com
mittee, Senators Weeks, McLean, Nel
son, Crawford and Bristow, argued for
the central bank scheme. They Avere
joined by Senator Hitchcock, one of
the Democrats, who has opposed the
administration bill in many of its pro
visions. Senators Reed and O'Gorman,
wlio had expressed themselves in fa
vor of the central bank plan, swung
into line with the other Democrats
. The wte was delayed, and Chairman
Owen at the close of the session said
that he believed that the administra
tion plan would be finally adopted.
Hester's Monthly Cotton Figures.
New Orleans Secretary Hester's
New Orleans cotton exchange state
ment issued covers the monthly move
ment to October 31. Compared with
last year it shows a decrease lor the
month in round figures of 16,000, an in
crease compared with ycr before last
of 129,000 and with 1910-11 an increase
of 456,000. The total for October was
2,917.422, against 2,933,813 last year,
2,788,324 year before last and 2,461,
016 for the same time in 1910.
Troops. Ordered to Strike Region.
Denver, CoL Mobilized in approxi
mately six hours, the commands of the
Colorado National Guard began moAr
ing toward, 4he south Colorado coal
fields, where martial laAV has been es
tablished in compliance with the gov
ernor's proclamation. While the or
dering of troops to the coal fields fol
loAved the failure of Governor Am
nion's efforts to arrange a settlement,
an addition reason for the action was
found iu the list of casualties and
property damage that have marked the
thMy-ft days of the strike.
THE COTTON CHOP
SHOWS A OEGL
DROP OF-FIVE POINTS IN COTTON
CONDITION KILLING FROST
THE CAUSE. . .
MANY ESTIMATE 3. ARE MADE
Georgia Crop Declined 4.3 Points.
Average Estimate of the Out
put 13,747,000 Bales.
New York According to 1,614 re
ports of the special correspondents of
the Journal of Commerce bearing an
average date of October 23, cotton
sIioavs a deterioration of 5 points in
condition was 67.1. Killing frosts and
excessive rain Avere the chief causes
of damage. A year, ago at this time
condition lost 1.5 points, in 1911 it
lost l.f, points, in 1910 it lost nothing,
in 1909 it lost 3.9 points, and in 1908
it lost 3.6 points. Declines occurred
in all states except Tennessee and
Florida, which improved 2 po.nts and
3 points, respectively. Important de
clines were:' Louisiana,, 15 points;
Mississippi, S.G points;. Texas, .6.3
points: North Carolina, ' 6.S points;
Georgia 4.3 points, Arkansas 4.4
points, and South Carolina,. 4 points.
Condition changes for' the past four
years together with percentage con
dition lqst month, are given in the ac
companying table: '
N. Carolina. .
S. Carolina .
Georgia . . ,
Florida. . . .
Alabama . . .
Louisina. . 4 .
Texas . . . .
Arkansas . .
Tennessee . .
Missouri . .
Oklahoma . .
Oct. Nov. '12' '.11
7.43 5S .7
Totals '. . . .67 5.00 1.5 1.5
From the above table it will.be
seen that condition on .October 23
was 61.1, against 68.8 a year ago, 69.3
The Journal of Commerce has no
opinion of its own to offer regarding
the yield of this season's crop; but in
order to gather the cohceusus of
Southern opinion its correspondents
Avere specially requested to give their
individual estimates of the crop, with
these results. Thirty-two replies
ranged tAvelve million to thirteen mil
lion five hundred thousand; 97 replies
ranged thirteen million to thirteen mil
lion five hundred thousand; 226 repl;es
ranged thirteen million to fourteen mil
lion; 121 replies ranged fourteen mil
lion to fourteen million and five hun
dred; 71 replies ranged fifteen million
to sixteen' million.
The average of all replies received
is thirteen "million seven hundred and
forty-seven thousand bales,' Avhich
closely approximates the estimates
made by several good authorities out
side of the growing districts, .where
the tendency is usually to underesti
mate the crop.
Out of the 547 estimates received,
347 ranged between thirteen million
five hundred thousand and fifteeu mil
lion five hundred thousand bales.
U. S. WANT. FAIR ELECTION
Believed the United States Is Planning
to Take ActivcPart. x
Washington. Reticence Avliich has
enveloped the plans of the Washing
ton on the Mexican problem continues.
In Avhatever is attempted, due con
sideration of the Constitutionalists as
an important factor in the situation
will, probably be given. It Avas in
ferred in many quarters that the car
dinal features of flie administration's
plan Avill be a comprehensive scheme
to bring about a fair and free elec
tion, efforts to be made by the Amer
ican government to use its good office
to secure the participation of the Con
In some quarters the suggestion Avas
advanced that the' Washington gov
ernment contemplated assisting mate
rially in the conduct of the proposed
elections to insure certain safeguards.
It is admitted that no action Avill be
taken until an announcement of an
official character is made in Mexico as
to the result of the elections.
Woman Found Guilty of Murder
New Haven, Conn. Mrs. Bess'e J.
Wakefiehi of Pristol, mother of the
three little children, Avas found guilty
of murder in the first degree for her
part in the killing ov her husband. Evi
dence in the trial showed that Mrs.
Wakefield conspired to get rid of
Wakefield. While Mrs. Wakefield took
her children out for a walk, James
Plew partly drugged her husband and
then shot him to death. A knife Avas
driven in the body and a rope placed
around the neck to give the appear
ance of suicide.
Mr. Comstock is the ever active foe
of vice and Indecency in New Yor.
FLETCHER ELECftD AGAIN
FLORIDA SENATOR RE-ELECTED
PRESIDENT AT MOBILE '
Seventh Convention of Southern Com
mercial Congress Comes to a
Close at Mobile.
Mobile, Ala. The seventh conven
tion 6f the Southern Commercial con
gress was brought toa close after a
directorate competed of many new
members Avas elected and resolutions
upon important subjects discussed had
been passed. Soon after-the election
those directors present met and heard
arguments of representatives of Okla
ma City and Houston in favor of their
cities for the next convention, and
elected officers. The" directors will
select, the next meeting place at some
future date. Only the two cites men
tioned put in a formal invitation for
the 1914 convention. These officers
were elected: ,
President, Senator Duncan U. Fletch
er; first vice president, T. S. South
gate; second vice president, Albert
P. Bush; managing director-, Dr. Clar
ence 'J. Owens; treasurer and resident
director, W. H. Sanders. 1
Chief among resolutions adopted
was one instructing the directors of
the "congress to at once begin a sys
tematized propaganda aiming at di
verting trade made possible by open
ing the Panama canal to southern
,portsv Officials of the congress are
ordered to do this as quickly as po.-
sible. Another important resolution
urges upon the United States con
gress to put into effect as soon as
practicable a system of rural cred
its. This resolution vas adopted unan
moiisly after It had been pointed ouS
in several speeches how the Southern
farmer is handicapped by lack of a
sound system of credit and how much
is lost to the South'each year because
of the absence of system in groAving
and handling crops.
The Federal government is called on
in'Snother resolution furnished early
in each year the cotton spindle capac
ity of the country so that the- pro
ducer may have an equal adyantage
witli the consumer in this respect. The
congress also urged that cotton be
graded at the gin under Federal su
pervision in order to save the geat
total loss caused by taking samples
from bales and that bonded Avarehous
es receipts be given certifying the -correct
weight and grade of the prod
BUSCH LEAVES MILLIONS
Only $210,000 of the Brewer's Es
tate for Charitablq Purposes.
St. Louis. The. Avill 'of "Adolpinu
Dusch, fild for probate,' makes char
itable bequests aggregating n70,';0(.'
to a number of St. Louis institutions,
and places the bulk of the estate ii:
trust. Mrs. Billie Bnscfi, Charges Na
gel and August A. Busch are named
In addition to the charitable be
quests in the Avrtl, Mr. Busch left a
private memorandum requesting mem
bers of his family to make certain
other donations, most of which are pri
vate in their nature. The attorneys,
however, made public the names of
eight St. Louis institutions, which are
to receive, under the memorandum, a
total of $40,000. making the total be
quests fpr charitable, purposes $21,000.
Big Rail Bond Issue Fought.
Boston. Fornier Governor Morgan
G. Bulkley of Hartford, Conn., and
Charles S. Ensign, of 'Newton, brought
a bill in equity in the supreme court
asking that the New York, New Ha
ven -and Hartford railroad company
be enjoined from issuing bonds, to
the amount of $C7,552,000 and 675,
520 additional shares of stock author
ized at the meeting of stockholders
August 22. The complainants, who
stockholders, say it is contemplated
that the rdditional shares of stock
shall fc dL.rributed
OFFICERS OF ASSOCIATION AND
ADVISORY BOARD TO EFrECT
ADJUSTMENT BADLY NEEDED
Governor Craig Praises Corporation
Commission's Work and Outlines
Plan to Supplement it for Better
Results in the Near Future.
Raleigh. The Just Freight Rate
Association of North Carolina in Spe
cial session here a few days ago in
the office of Governor Craig adopted
resolutions offered by T. J. Forester
of Greensboro providiug that the per
manent organization of the associa
tion 'be delegated' to the present offi
cers and advisory board with power
to adopt constitution and by-laws, fix
dues and , all membership and otlfer
regulations that shall govern the as
sociation. Under the resolutions there
must be an annual meeting of the as
sociation not later than ..May 15 for
the election of officers and getting
ready for the summer and fall cam
A clause Avas .added to the resolu
tions by Col. J. L. Ludlow of Winston
Salem to the effect that one of the
reasons for the putting the associa
tion on permanent footing- is that
Governor Craig especially insisted
that this course be taken.
On motion of A. A. Thompson of
Raleigh the number of the members
of the advisory board was Increased
from seven to ten. This Avas in order
to allow President Tate to name new
and more active members for certain I
sections without actually dropping
any of the members now on the list.
Mr. Forester insisted that there is
a great dealof work still to be done
by the association. He thought the
association should have some compe
tent and active persons to give special
attention to the pending adjustment
of the intrastate act. He insisted
that the rates named in r the Justice
act are purely suggestive and that the
whole scale f-.ra4.es must be adjusted.
Indeed, he predicted that two years
hence, when the special commission
has completed its adjustment of
rates, there will still be much to be
done for this adjustment and that the
retirement of Mr. Craig as governor
will see this rate fight still far from
settled. , -
The Forester resolutions were a
substitute for motions by A. A.
Thompson of llaleigh and E. R. Pres
ton of Charlotte looking, to perma
nent organization. .Mr. Preston had
remarked something about being in
"Winter o.r.arters" until May '15 and
Mr. Forester and Secretary Leake
Carraway, more especially, excepted
to the term "'Winter quarters" and
insisted -that there should be steady
and continued activities. ,
Contest for Stamp Collector.
The -contest for the position of dep
uty stamp collector at Durham has
been yoing on quietly, for the past
month, and it seems at the present
time that there is no surer indication
of who will be appointed to succeed
Mr. W. F. Cheek, the Republican in
cumbent, tharij there was at the time
J.. Y. Bailey was appointed head of
thi-i district. The candidates and oth
ers who claim to know something of
the intentions of the federal officers
say that there is no doubt of the fact
that a democrat will be appointed to
succeed Mr. Cheek. When Mr. Bailey
took charge of this district he sent
Mr. Cheek his appointment for only
90 days and this time has about ex
pired. Solicitor Johnson Resigns.
Solicitor A. Hail Johnson of the
12th district has tendered his resig
nation to. Governor Craig and will
form a partnership with City Attorney
Silas Bernard of Asheviile for. the I
practice of law. in that city. It is un
derstood that Mr. Johnson will move
I from Marion to AsheAille.
To Build New Power Line.
Southern Power Company engineers
are here to locato a route for a'.trans
mission lino from States ville to Salis
bury. The new line will connect
with the line already built from the
substation, Statesville, to the property
of the Southern Power Co., on the
Catawba river at Lookout Shoals and
w"hen ;the company's new plant Is
erected at Lookout Shoals the line
will be used to transmit power from
the new plant to Salisbury, Greens
fooro, Durham and other points served
bf the company.
CHARL0TIE HAS BIG FAIR
Best In History, of MeckJenburg County.-
Weather Was Excellent and
Charlotte. The Mecklenburg fair
and all fts transient equipment are
now things of the past, a light-hearted
directorate remains behind. The
enterprise which' closed its gates re
cently Avas one of the most success
ful ever held. This ds true with re
gard to attendance and gate receipts
find also to the number and merit of
the exhibition s. .
Denizens of the court house will
see more )f President C. C. Moore
and Secretary-Treasurer Edgar B.
Moore will be ' more often found ,in
the vicinity of the Selwyn now than
for some-days past. These two ener
getic citizens, one name expressing
unlimited breadth of vision and the
other an ambition to extend con
stantly, the zone of his achievements,
have fairly lived at the grounds of
the Charlotte Fair Association for
the past 'week. Bearing in mind Poor
Richard's maxim, "If you would have
a thing done, go If not, send," they
have given personal direction, to he
manifold details which must be ex
ecuted in order to secure success. '
"We liava delivered the goods, and
I am liable to haye a case of the
big-head," said President C. C. Moore.
"Its success exceeded my fondest
expectations," said Secretary E. !B.
For the first time in years, clear
weather prevailed from start to
finish and the result was shown in
the attendance. During the last day
and two nigMs- the temperature was
too low for (perfect comfort and this
fact diminihihed receipts considerably ,
but did not iiaA-e the deterrent effect
which Avould have been exercised by a.
depressing rain and clouded sky
which too often make their appear
ance on such occasions.
Twelve thousand people rushed
through the turnstiles - Wednesday,
Charlotte day. The total paid ad
missions for the fair was not quite
20,000, but thousands of school -children
were admitted free on Tuesday
and others on Friday. The custom
of securing Tuesday as a holiday and
admitting the children frea tias
proven a wise one. Besides adver
tising the fair, it results in. the pres
ence of many parents who accom
pany the children and what in former
years was a dull day Is transformed
into one of the liveliest of the entire
quartet. Tthe paid attendance , this
year was more than dqjible that of
last year. , .
That the importance of the fair to
the agriculture of-the county in aroirs
arousing enthusiasm for better meth
ods is apperceiated was s-hown by the
interest taken hy the farmers and
their co-operation. A majority of
the 200 stockholders are farmers and
the largest individual 5tockholder is
one. Its president is one of the best
known agriculturists in the state. The
association does not use . the word
agriculture mertlys a cloak, behind
which to hide some radically different
project. The farming exhibits .are
very real and genuine features.
The fair proved a magnet Qf ' no
mean drawing; power ,in attracting
visitors to Charlotte not merely from
this but from surrounding counties.
Towns and countryside within a ra
ddus of 50 or 100 miles sent 'visitors.
The principal hotels had all that they
could do to accommodate the throng
comfortably. It was a stimulus to
trade, because men brought theit
wives and "children and purchased
fall and winter hats and clothing.
Extract Co. A Bankrupt.
The clerk of the United States Dis
trict court lias received a report t(
the effect that Judge James E. Boyd a
a hearing at Salisbury in the case o
KanaAvha Valley Bank and otft-en!
against the Cherokee Tanning Ex
tract Company, allowed a motion tha
the defendant company be adjudge,'
bankrupt. This motion was allou
ed on the ground that at a recen
meeting of the stockholders and l
rectors of the company resolution
were adopted declaring that the debt
could not be paid, and owing to tit
fact tihat the superior court of Chf
okee county recently appointed . 1
temporary receiver or the corn-pan;
New Freight Traffic Manager.
The employment of a freight. tra
fie manager who will give his entir
time to checking freight Mils and fii
nishing information relative to ti
classification of varous shipments
assured, according to Buncom".
lumbermen and merchants. Some tlw
ago the president of the Ashevi1
Merchants Association and the We- j
ern Carolina Lumber and Timber. A,
sociation appointed & joint eommittij
to recommend the ad viability cf ma
tog appropriations for the en: pi.,
ment of a maoaccr.