' ' - '...:.,. , , , , .
BREVARD NEWS, BREVARD, N. C. .
Morton L. Corey of .Nebraska, new member of the federal farm loan board. 2 President Ebert of Ger
many at Hainm, on edge of the Kubr. making ant 1-Fivm h speech. 3 How the sailors at Goat island naval train
ing station, San Francisco, greeted Admiral Sims.
NEWS REVIEW OF
Secretary Hoover Tells Women
Voters Why We Should Join
the World Court.
HARDING ON TAX REDUCTION
President Also Talks About His Pro
posed Western Trip Bonar Law's
Government Gets a Jolt in Com
mons Steps Toward New
Plans for German
By EDWARD W. PICKARD
O YOU think the United
States should become a
member of the international
court, or are you afraid uch
membership would entangle us
in the political affairs of other
DISCLAIMING any intention of
starting a 'boom" for United
Stales' entry into the permanent court
of international justice, Secretary of
Commerce Hoover has set forth what
may fairly be considered the views of
the administration on that subject. In
an address before the convention of the
National League of Women Voters in
les Moines. Mr. Hoover spoke in earn
est advocacy of President Harding's
proposal that the United States become
a member of that court, and answered
the usual objections to the dan.
"The proposals to join the court,"
paid Mr. Hoover, "have been criticized
from various angles. The tirs-t of these
Is that P leads us into some unde
scribed political entanglement. This
is untrue, for the decrees of the inter
national court are based upon the proc
ess of law. not upon .political agree
ment ; their enforcement rests wholly
on public opinion and not upon force.
"In supporting this court we sub
scribe to no compulsion whatever.
Compulsion is, in fact, specifically ex
cluded. We d not need tc submit any
case to the court unless we feel like
doing so at the time the case arises.
No oilier nation can summon us into
court except with our consent. The
court itself cannot summon us in, nor
In any manner or degree exert upon
us any kind of compulsion, not even
"All we do if we ratify President
Harding's projinvi. nil the promises
we make, the only obligations we take,
are these, and oiih these: We promise
to pay a share of the running expenses
of the court, a matter less than ishi.iMm
li year, and w.e promise to take part
with -hi other nations in the choosing
of the judges.
"There is another section of oppo
nents of 1 'resident Harding's proposal
who condemn th( idea, not because
they do not agree to its primary pur
pose and method, but solely because it
was erected under the auspices of the
League of Nations. Put we are not
by this net entering the league in any
sense. 'Tlie connection of the court
with the league is indeed remote. Its
fade relationship is that the judges are
elected as provided in its own statute,
not by the league, but by the repre
sentatives of the nations to the league
(o ting as an elective body for this pur
pose. It is this elective body that we
join, not the league."
Secretary Hoover commended the en
lightenment and courage of Senator
P.oruh in demanding that the court be
given "teeth" and that we join it in
such a manner that we would be obli
gated to its jurisdiction, but he said
that, as a practical matter, America is
not ready to go hus far.
A LMOST immediately after the re
turn of President Harding from
the South, definite information was
given out at the White House con
cerning bis attitude toward this issue
and several others that, it seems cer
tain, will be to the fore during the
coming year or two. It was stated
that the President stood pat on his
advocacy of entrance into the world
court, but that he had not the least
intention of trying to get the United
States into the League of Nations in
this way or any other.
Concerning reduction of income
taxes, Mr. Harding agrees with Sec
retary of the Treasury Mellon that the
present maximum surtax
ates- are too j
high, but lie hopes that, if it is found
possible to make reductions, these can
be applied all down the line, so that
the small taxpayer as well as the big
ne will benefit. Mr. Melhm's recom
mendation is that the surtax maximum,
which last year was reduced from Go
to T0 per rent, be further reduced to
''. per cent. This, he asserts, would
Increase rather than decrease the rev
enue, as was proved by the results of
the previous reduction of rate. The
increase in income tax collections for
March, 19-3, over March, 1922.
amounted to $70,(HHOX).
Senator Smoot, who presumably will
tie chairman of the senate finance com
mittee, does not thfnk general revision
of the revenue laws in the next session
of congress will be feasible. He told
the President he believed the present
law would be allowed to demonstrate,
its weakness over a longer period be
fore an overhauling is undertaken.
pUKSlDFNT HARDING is still ex-
crcised over the public misconcep
tion of his proposed trip through the
West and to Alaska. He Insists that
he would make it as President, and not
as a candidate for renomination ; that
he plans to address the people on im
portant issues and to get in close
touch with their opinions and aspira
tions, and that he has no thought what
ever of politics or candidacies. If he
cannot make the trip in this way and
with this understanding, says the Pres
ident, he will stay at home. He prob
ably will leave Washington about June
20. arriving in Alaska July 10.
Senator Fess of Ohio, in an address
in Chicago last week, declared that
"President Harding will be renomi
nated on his record and will be re
elected by a handsome majority." The
chief accomplishments of the President
so far he listed as follows:
1. Restored peace, and diplomatic
iind trade relations resumed with for
mer enemy countries.
2. Adjusted strained relations grow
ing out of the mandatory features of
the Versailles treaty.
3. Settled foreign controversies with
South and Central Amerlm.
4. Reduced national debt nearly
.', mm.hxi, too.
.". Dispensed with lOO.rxii) federal
employees and reduced expenditures.
I. Liberty bonds have been brought
back to par.
7. Taxes have been reduced.
Among the Democrats a well defined
boom for the nomination of Carter
Glass of Virginia has developed.
San Francisco, which handled so ex
cellently the l'emocratie national con-
vention of 1920, is already in the field
to obtain both national conventions of
192-1. The Republicans and Democrats
i of jhe city have joined forces for this
! purpose and have pledged a lar,'e sum.
npHF Turkish national assembly re
j cently ratified a blanket concession
granted to American interests repre
sented bv Admiral (Ni'bv M. Chester
for the development of almost every
thing worth while in Turkey. This has
aroused the allies, especially Great
Pritain and France, to vigorous pro
test, and when the Lausanne confer
ence is resumed on April 23 it is be
lieved they will e;ideavor to compel
the Turks to revoke at least some of
the concessions. In Paris it was stated
that a number of the enterprises in
eluded in the Chester grant were made
to others long ago. As it stands, the
Americans are given a virtual monop
oly of the development of natural re
sources anil transportation facilities in
the greater part of Asia Minor, and
also the construction of new cities.
They plan to Introduce into Turkey
modern office buildings, electric trolley
cars, enamel bathtubs and many other
features of occidental civilization.
j pREMIER BONAR LAW'S pet "tran-
quillity" was given a severe Jolt
last week, and the government was
placed in so awkward a position that
there .vere many predictions of its fall
in the near future. In an unexpected
division in the house of commons over
n technical question the government
was defeated by a majority of seven
votes, many of Its members having
been driven from the room by bore
dom over the preceding debate. An
adverse vote usually means the resig
nation of the ministry, but Bonar Law
and his colleagues considered this was
a snap division and it was arranged
that the vote should be taken over
1 again another day
This resulted in a
wild scene in the
and the speaker ordered adjournment
' for an hour. The Labor members stwd
j up and sang "The Red Flag," despite
I the efforts of Ramsay MacDonald aa!
ethers of their leaders to quiet them,
and two government supporters wer
hit in the face. Press comments in
London scored both sides -the govern
ment party for being slack and stupid;
and the Laborites for their violence.
"HU NT DE ST. AULAIRE, French
ambassador to England, made a
j quick trip to Paris last week and car- ;
ried back to Prime Minister I'onar 1
Law a statement of the views of Pre- '
inier Poincnre on me Ruhr occupation
and the chances for a settlement of the '
reparations problem. It was In the
nature of an offer by France and was
based on the report which Louis Lou- :
cheur made of his recent interviews
with certain British leaders. No in
formation of' its nature has been given ;
out in London at this writing, but the
Paris press said Poincnre Insists on ;
the occupation of the Ruhr until the
reparations payments have been made,
and on this condition agrees to reduce
the total sum, make the methods of
payment easier and adjust the matter
The plan, provides for the payment
by Germany of jlo.HX,0Kt,00 on the A
and P bonds within ten jears, French
and P.elgian claims to have priority ;
and the surrender of much of the $20),
r,(MUKM.KMi in C bonds to the United
States in payment of the interallied
debts. Italy, Jugoslavia and Rumania,
are supposed to get something from
the A and H bonds, and England per
haps some of the C bonds, although
the plan does not provide reparations
for England. All emphasis is placed
on the payment of 4(M" n".(Kni,hk) gold
marks within ten years, of which
France is to get 2t,K..KX).0( gidd
marks. The rest of the plan Is large
ly up to England, the United States,
and Germany to decide.
Chancellor Cuno was about ready to
announce a new German proposition
which he described as not an offer for
reparations but a detailed plan of set
tlement on which Germany is ready to
discuss the problem. He has prepared
what he thinks are sufficient guaran
tees for the safety of France for "0
years and says that If there are to be
negotiations the Ruhr occupation must
be ended at once and the status of the
Rhlneland left unchanged. It Is under
stood in Reriin that Germany is pre
pared to offer a total of $10,iXK,0Hl,000,
if she is granted an international loan,
an extension of raw material credits
and a moratorium for a few vears.
disturbances in Ruma
been so alarming that
there were rumors false or at least
premature of a revolution and the
ousting of the royal family. So far the
government under Premier Bratiano
has retained control of the situation,
and the army remains loyal to the king.
The great danger now is in' Bessarabia,
where bolshevism remains strong.
TRELAND'S' republican rebels lost
one of their strongest men when
Liam Lynch, chief of staff of the ir
regular army, died of wounds after
being captured during a skirmish in
County Tipperary. He had been for
some time the military leader of the
revolt and it is thought by many his
deatli will be fatal to the rebel cause.
t Unconfirmed reports say the Free State
troops captured Count Plunkett, Coun
tess Markiewicz. Miss MaeSwiney and
other iniluential rebel leaders.
W. W. CAMPBELL, director of
the Lick observatory, announces
that Iv. Einstein's theory of relativity
is. confirmed by results deduced from
photographs of the eclipse of the sun
made in Australia last September by
the expedition from the observatory.
These photographs, showing stars ap
parently close to the sun's rim when
by other methods they were known to
lie farther from the rim, demonstrated
that the light rays from them were de
flected by the gravitation attraction
exerted by the sun, seemingly proving
Einstein's assertion that light is a sub
stance. Of course the theory Is much
broader and more complex than this
assumption, and some astronomers
still do not believe It Is capable of
BRIEF NEWS NOTES
WHAT HAS OCCURRED DURING
WEEK THROUGHOUT COUN-
TRY AND ABROAD
EVENTS OFJMP ORTANCE
Gathered From All Parts Of The
Globe And Told In Short
France bled white during the war,
has arisen to such a dominant position
in continental affairs that many ob
servers and historians declare that a
turning point in international affairs
has been reached and that Kurope has
passed into the "French era."
The French urotests agains; action
of the Turkish national assembly at
Angora in sanctioning the Chester
igroement, under which American cap
italists were given important conces
sions in Turkey, did not make much
of an impression on the Turks, accord
ing to Ismet Pasha.
Irish rebels, beseiged in a cave on
t lie north coast of County Kerry, are
now making their last stand against !
free state troops. j
Petrograd's Catholic churches re
main closed, but hundreds of parish
ioners daily crowd the. .small apart
ments of the priests to pray and to
hear mass, much as did the first Chris
tians in the catacombs of old Rome.
The political committee of the Pan-
American conference failed to reach ' when a raid was made upon the home
agreement on the Costa Rican pro- of Tom Davis, several miles from Dur
posal for reorganization of the govern-j ham, N. C, on the New Hope Valley
ing board of the Pan-American Union, j road, and equipment for printing Uiu-
An airplane controlled by wireless j ted States bank nores seized,
and automatic- stabilizers made a uc- j Two houses were wrecked, but eh v
cessful test flight at Etampes in the ! en occupants, roused by dogs barking
presence of Union-Secretary for Aero- i furiously, escaped, when a case of
nautics Eynac. j dynamite was detonated near the
Attempts were made recently to : homes of Pat Rober's ard EVnest Car-
wreck two trains on which members
of the French and Belgian cabinets
were supposed to be passengers. Both
attempts were unsuccessful.
The lowlands along the Vera, Cruz-
San Luis Potasi boundary line, in Mex-
ico, axe being shaken by strong earth
shocks, and the alarmed inhabitants
are abandoning their homes. The re
ports, however, do not mention any cas
ualties, and the damage has not as yet
The French government, resenting
the impending "dollar domination" ot
Turkey, will demand that the United
States refuse to back the claim of the
American capitalists who secured the
Chester agreement from the Turkish
national assembly at Angora.
Canadian government sale of liquor
proved so lucrative in 1922 that a re
duced price list has been forecast by
the provincial liquor commission. The
profits for the oar were five and a
half million dollars, according ;o treas
ury estimates on nut yet completed ic
ports. Ronald McNeil, under-secrctary or
British foreign ai'iairs. announced in
the house of commons the other day
that the United States had asked the
privilege of searching British ships go
ing to American ports, the object being
to ascertain if British citizens were
smuggling liquor inio the United States.
State department agents designated
to investigate charges that Turkish sol
diers had mutilated the body and de
stroyed the coffin of George Diibt-y,
an American soldier to whom a con
gressional medal of honor was award
ed after he met his death in the world
war, have confirmed them.
Decision was reached by President
Harding aijd members of the shipping
board at a two-hour conference to pro
ceed at once to the consolidation of
the board's foreign trade lines and
then offer these lines and ships for
stile under the authorization of tlie
merchant marine act of 1920. condi
tioned on suitable guaranty of main
tained service. i
Admiral Robert E. Coontz, chief of
nava! operations to bo commander in
chief of the United States tleot; Ad
i miral Edward W. Eherle. now com
mander in chief of the battle tleet, to
be chief of naval operations; Rear Ad
: miral Thomas Washington, chief of the
: bureau of navigation, to be commander
in chief of the Asiatic fleet. witU rank
of admiral, an1 the changes announc
; ed by Secretary of the Navy Donby,
with the approval of the president, ef
fective June 3m.
! The appeal of J. A. Campbell to have
his conviction in North Carolina tor
I violatirg the state prohibition laws set
i aside on the ground that it had been
; repealed by the national prohibition act,
and also to have the highest court pass
i upon the constitutionality of his arrest
on the ground that property search war
j rants had not been served, was dismiss
i ed by the Supreme court, the other
i day, in a per curiam opinion to whicn
it af tinned tlie decision oi uie lower
By the showing of principal lines of
industry in the United States, March
operations set a new record for the
country's productivity, and business
activity, acorcling to a statement is
sued by the commerce department.
Theg overnment's brief in the cases
which challenge the validity of the
Sheppard-Towner maternby law was
filed in the supreme court by Solicitor
General Beck. It showed that 33 states
have accepted the benefits of the act
through their legislatures and ten
through their governors. The cases
will come up for trial April 30.
I Tn innrtinn nrnooHi n crc tr r-nmnlotPlv
shut off trading in sugar futures, un
less backed by actual ownership or
control of sugar, were instituted in
New York by the federal government.
President Harding has accepted an
invitation to deliver an address at the
annual meeting in New York of the
membership of the Associated Tress.
American buying power during re
cent months has been a great boom
to me world diamond market center
ing around Amsterdam, Holland. Ac
cording to reports to the commerce
department, the United States is now
taking about $SOO,000 a month in cut
or partially cut diamonds, as compar
ed with $400,000 a year ago.
Appointment of the "dirt" farmer
member of the federal reserve board
to succeed the late'Milo I). Campbell,
was discussed ,y President Harding
with Secretary Mellon and I). R. Cris
singer, recently named governor of the
board - More than a dozen names have
been submitted -o the president. Most
of those suggested are from the middle
west. Aja appointment is expected
Despite the cold and damp w-ather
of Sunday. April la, Mrs. Harding, with
the president, attended divine worship
at one of the churches. Thi s was the
first time she had attended services
ot tlie church since her illness of Iat
Unittd States officers, assisted by
Sheriff John Uarward, of Durham
county, have affected the arrest of
four men alleged to be pait of a south
ern branch ot ( hicago countertenors.
m Lenoir City, near Knoxville,
Judge Edwin R. Holmes reduced to
ten days the thirty-day jail sentence
imposed on Tkeodore G. Bilbo, former
.governor of Mississippi for, contempt
i of court.
A safe containing about $17,0i0 in
'checks and $1,000 in cash was taken
! by bandits at Kansas City, Mo., from
a truck of the American Express com-
Clarence Delmar. of Melrose Mass.,
; won the annual 25-mile marathon run
from Ashland to Boston, despite a cold.
It was his third victory in the classic.
Appearance in public places of any
i person masked, robed or hooded to con
ceal identity is prohibited in the Rob
erts bill passed by the house of rep
resentatives at Springfield, 111 . 107 to
German efficiency vi!i rt p the real
results of the war unless England and
America stop their ruinous competi
tion for world trade. Chaib'.s M.
Senators Borah, Jonnson and La
Follette -should leave the rar.ks of the
Republican party and join the Demo
crats, "where they belong." Nathaniel
A. Elsburg tohl a large audience at
New York after his re-election as pres
ident of tlie National Republican club.
The theory that frequent disturb
ance of the boll weevil may retard
its propagation and activity is pos
sibly worthy ot consideration, B. B.
Hare, statistician for South Carolina,
tinder the United States department of
, agriculture, declared afte'r a study of
reports made to him by cotton farm
ers throughout the state.
Marin''1 Engineers' Bem-fioial asso
ciation has offered the shipping board
: $300,000 c ash for three 12,00" tons
craft, which it proposes to acquire as
. the- nucleus of a labor-owned and
'Raw sugar took a perpendicular drop
of approximately f.O points on the
New York Coffee and Sugar exchange
ri'on receipt of word, of tlie covet n
mer.r's suit to enjoin trading in sugar
Xir.e men wore arnstrd and more
than S2.0Oii.0d0 worth of securities,'
stolen m the robbery of a mail truck
:u Jt. Louis. Mo.. April 2. was recover
ed in a speeuaoular raiel bv deputy
pos'oflme inspectors and depuTy sher
iff in St. Louis county, west of St.
Pt. I.ruis. j
Clasping an old Bible which he had
kept by his sieh' during his long ill- ;
ness. Bishop Daniel S Tuttle, senior
prelate of the' Preitestant Episcopal '
church in the United States, who has
presided over tlie Missouri diocese of
the Episcopal church sir.ee 1S66 died ;
at his home at St. Louis. Mo. J
Theodore' C Bilbo, t'onncr governor j
01 Missis-ippi. who refused to serve as j
a witness in the? suit of Miss Frances j
Birkhcad against (lev. Lee M. Russell !
last fall, went to the Lnlaye tte county, j
Mississippi jail to serve a sentence of j
thirtv davs tor oon-empt of federal !
court. He will also pay a fine of 5100.
From jail he announces his candidacy
in the gubernatorial elections.
! "Everything to my wife." This is
i the sum total of the verbiage of the will
! of Thomas C. DeRosset, of Baltimore,
: Mo., who recently dropped dead on .1
j golf link. Then he made this append-
age: "A wonderful little girl is my
Twenty three pottery manufacturing
corporations and 20 individuals, mem
bers of the sanitary Potters associa
tion, which includes makers of 85 per
cent of all the sanitary pottery pro
duced in America, were convicted by
a federal jury of conspiracy in r&
straint of trade at New York.
Backache Is a Warning!
Those agonizing twinges acio'-s the
small of t lu.' buck, that dull, throbbing
backache may mean serums kidney
wcakrn-.- --curious if neglected, for it,
may le-ae' tn gravel, ijlone in the kid
neys, bladder hitlamuuit ion, drojisy er
fatal Ih'ight's disease. If "U aie suf
fering with a bad back, have dizv
spells, headaches, nervous, lcpond.-nl
attacks or eleoi del ed kidn. y action,
heed Nature's warning, dct after h-
cause. Doun'.v Kidney J'llla haft
helped t Ik nis.i n!'-. They should iie-fp
you. Ask your nei'hboi .'
A North Carolina Case
- Al'j.v l..u,i.r. 1 1 ;;'!!
N. says: "Jly
back was achy and
it was all I oiill
do to keep oil iNV
feet. I cool. In t
sleep at cilit. . 1 1
to t lie .-1 -; i 1 v a li-
, V - W'Jt& 'X Hug ox,-r ; i.l-
lie vs. .1 V slil.OeVS
O e .
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