1 r u v MX hi j I (in Sir Volume XXXIX. 1 : FRANKLIN, N. C, FRIDAY, MARCH 28, J924. Number 13. mm? hi rJ GOOD ROADS ARE HaPTOSCHOOLS ' National Highways and Con solidated Schools will Help Educational Program in the United States. With the enormous amount of il literacy inthe United States, educa tion, is generally conceded to be one of the greatest of our economic prob lems. To show the extent of that problem as it appears in the light of educational methods and facilities of a bygone age, still largely in use in this country, Frank P. Graves, New York Commissioner of Education, sets forth some starting statistics. According to these, as yet about one-fourth of the total rural school enrollment and 45 per cent of the rural teaching corps are "housed in onc-roonl schools of the crudest sort. There are upwards of 200,000 of these one-room buildings in. the United States, and a -fairlylnrjt per-, 'ccntage of them were jconstructed at least 40 years ago, despite the tact that school architecture and equip ment have been advancing by leaps and bouifds during that time. I-our fifths of them have no provision for heatinz and ventilation; except" the old unjacketed stove and the rickety windows, and nine-tenths ot the building? are not properly lighted. In at least yu per cent tne seating rs poor and unadjustable, and . often where the seats could be arranged to suit the pupil, this has never been given consideration. Where in the cities some four-fifths of the teachers have had at least the minilnum amount of standard training that is -two years beyond the high school- in the country less than one-twentieth have so qualified, and theurnover in rural teachers each year is just about SO per cent. One of the most effective answers to such cond.Hons has been found in the consolidated ; school,, .in which ...many children can be accommodated, brought from miles around and re turned to their homes by the motor .. bus. But this solution to the problem of how to get good, rural education is possible only where there are good roads. In the days to come, when national highways gridiron this coun try, as they undoubtedly will, there will be. no problem of rural education. According to the National Auto mobile Chamber of Commerce, the consolidated school movement began in Massachusetts in the early , seven ties. For many years horse-drawn , vehicles were then used in carrying children to and from school within a radius of seven miles. Parents gradu- ,' ally began to see, the many advantages of the larger schools over the old ""little red schoolhouse. ' With the motor bus children are now transported for IS to 18 miles in an hour. School districts have in creased in sizef extending to 50, 75 or ' 100 square miles'in area. With this development has come large modern school buildings, improved equipment and specially trained instructors equal to that. of the best city schools. Mo ". torized school busses make possible these large, modern rural "school plants." They tend to reduce the costs and to give children better op . portunities .for education. The consolidation movement has grown to Such proportions that many . normaWchools and colleges are g'iv- ing special" courses preparing supcrin ',. 'tendents to manage' fleets of motor busses - transporting - children - to and from consolidated. chools.. . : Elli jay Items.' Mr. Horace Peekj who is attending the Cullowhee High School, spent the week end with relatives on Ellijay. Mr. Robert Henry arfd family, of Sylva, -speil! the first day and a half of the week with Robert's father; Mr. J. T. Henry. .We are glad to welcome Mr. Charlie i Rogers and family back to their old home in this neighborhood. '''" ': Mr. Marion Amnions '..is in very poor health all the time row. Stevens Brothers, of Caney Fork, Jackson County, were in this section buying; cattle last Friday. 'Messrs. Charles and Fred Mincy, cf Gastonia, were in this neighbor hood looking about business matters a few days ago. : ,MV. Alex Berry seems- to have his new barn nearly completed. K. N. M. TO LIVE AT HOME r . Bank Offers $500 in Prizes to Foster "Live At Home" Campaign Twenty Prizes of $25 Are Offered. Raleigh, N. C, March 22. Accord ing to an announcement made by Gilbert Ste-phenson, Vice-President in charge of- thi Wachovia Bank and Trust CompanyA branch in this city, his' bank will donate $500 in prizes' to further the purpose of the "Live at Home" campaign in the twenty coun ties in which hjs bank operates. The bank offers a prize of $25 to the farm er in each, of the following twenty counties who shows the most prog ress towards living at home during 1924, as told in an article of not over SCO words -in length. The counties in which the farmers may enter the contest for this prize are Buncombe. Madison, Haywood, Forsyth, Yadkin. Surry, Stokes, Rockingham, Guilford, Davidson, Randolph, Rowan, Iredell, Cabarrus, Wane, Durham. Johnston, Franklin, Granvjlle and Harnett'. Mr. Stephenson states that th prize is not necessarily, awarded to the farmer who makes the highest grade in the ten things whjfh he is asked to do by the Agricultural Ex tension Service of the State College and Department of Agriculture, but is to the one who makes the most progress towards "living at home." The., story .may be written by the farmer or some one else for him. It will be submitted to three judges on or before December first, 1924. ' The winning story , will be given to the local . county paper for publication. Following this the twenty best stories (one from each county) will.be sub mitted to a committee composed of Dr. Clarence Poe of, the Progressive Farmer, Dean B. W. Kilyore of the State College, and Hon. W. A. Gra ham, Commissioner of Agriculture.' The best, story stlected by this com mittee will be published by the Pro gressive Farmer. The twenty prizes of $25 each will be mailed to the win nefs on or befo; December 20th and will make a nice little Christmas present. The purpose of this is to help pro mote the work -done by the exten sion workers of the State College in making North Carolina a happier and more prosperous State. Game Taboo in China Gets Into Society Here Pung Chow Mah-jong I America has found a new amusement. And what could- be more romatic? To begin "with, it is "Made in China;" it includes counters which look like chopsticks; there is all the mystery of a magician's cabinet; with it are little blocks of polished ivory or bone and bamboo dovetailed together.' The characters on Jhese Chinese, dominoes are dragons, circles, bamboos, winds. flowers and seasons. But the members of our elite socie ty, little guess that it is opposed by government and moral influences in China and that it is 'being playedoiily by street denizens ah d dope fiends in the gambbling resorts and opium dens. The Mah-tong gamester in China has about the same' status as a bootlegger ;.in the United, States. " " Students , of " American universities enthusiastically receive this novel game into their fraternity., hfcmes, but do not know and are not told hat in China Mah-jong more, than immorality has ruined the lives of multitudes of students- and caused them to' drop their books; 1 .Chinese, Christians are expelled from their churches for playing this game. After the World War it was found necessary . : to explain to Ine hast v;h the .so-called Christian .nations of the West had been grappjing. a'.t one another's throats. It' seems, that now we are .facing" a similar paradoxi cal situation.. A group of Chinese Christians afe saying tha America and England are setting China a bad example through the introduction of Mah-jong as a social institution. The National Christian Council of China has written an open letter '-. to the Federal Council of Churches in Amer ica, concerning the vogue of the game lere. Dearborn Jndepondent. TESTING THE SEED CLIMATE WON'T " AFFECTACURE Editor Warns Against Ad vertisements of Superior Climate and Weather as Cures for Tuberculosis. Cjimate and' weather are not. the big essentials in the treatment of tuberculosis, according to Philip P. Jacobs, editor of the Journal of Out door Life. Speaking editorially in the March issue of .the Journal he declares that care and not climate is the big factor in taking the cure and determines to a la'rge extent a pa tient s recovery. Given proper care, which of course includes expert med ical supervision, tuberculous patients will get well anywhere in. the United States, he says. ' . ' Dr. Jacobs admits that it is easier for a person to take the cure tor tuberculosis in an even climate; that in sucn a cumate it. is muni simpa-i to live an outdoor life and to get the benefit of rest and the proper meta bolism of food. But the fact remains, he adds, that people do get well of tuberculosis in all sorts' of climate. : To substantiate this statement, Dr. Jacobs cites result of the Home Hos- pitai wnicn is situated in one ot.,luc most .congested districts in New York City. He says that the results from this hospital compare favorably with the best sanatoria of the south west or any. othcij. part of the country. Furthermore he says that sanatoria on the Atlantic coast, where there's kail scrts of weather, produce as good results in the treatment and cure ot tuberculosis as any of the pet cli mates of the southwest, as far as comparative statistics show. Dr. Ja cobs issues this statement in view of advising anxiouvpatients against be ing deluded by tne many alluring ad--vertiscments or resorts and sanatoria, claiming to have superior advantages afforded by climate. London Editor Secures Definitions of Home So'me' months ago the editor of a London magazine sent out to several hundred people this query r '.'What Is Home?", .Eight hundred replies cxme back, answers being written by persons representing all walksof life. According to' the English editor, they came from homes of 're'fine'titeht arret from those of crudeness and poverty. Several of ' these definitions .were selected as best covering the many answers' sent in and among the num ber -were the following: '. Homea world of strife shut out, a world of love shut in. v , Home a place where the small are great and' ' great arc small. " '.-.'. '-' Homctlie- father's ' kingdom,' the mother's world and the child's para dise.. ,,-.-' Home the place where-we grumble tli e rn-ost and we are treated the best. Home the center of our affections, round which V-r heart's best wishes twine. - " .''.'.'. Homc--the wily place on, earth where the faults and failings -of hu manity are" hidden- under the sweet HEALTH LAWS MUST BE LIVED Noted Educator Declares the Teachers Should Consider Underweight of Children as Danger Signal. Addressing the State Teachers As sembly recently in session in Raleigh, Dr. J. F. Williams, professor , of Physical Education,' Columbia Uni versity, declared that , no feature of health education that was not lived daily was worth while. He advocated the daily practice of health laws as a' means of living the best life and ren dering the greatest service. The Modern' Health Crusade, a sys tem of training in good health habits which- is now used in many of the schools in the State, is evidently a feature of health work, that meets Dr. Williams' approval. This system is based on practice and not precept, Under it children daily do the duties explained in hygiene and physiology, which are too often left undone Dur ing the last five years millions of school children in America have been trained to practice daily certain health chores till they have become established habits. . Another important; health fact em-? phasized by Mrs. Z. V, Conyers of Greensboro before the teachers of the State, was that underweight in child ren should be taken as a danger sig nal. This condition in children, she says, is usually brought about -by the lack of proper nourishment. The danger lies in the fact that the mal nourished .child tends to become dis abled, incapable of resisting disease or withstanding its ouset and pror grcss. Nutrition classes were advo cated for children 7 per cent under weight. The basis for nutrition .Y..$M is thai every child requires a certain body weight- to sustain his height. The Modern Health Crusade and the Nutrition Crusade are featured;-in North Carolina by the North Carolina Tuberculosis Association, Sanatorium, N.'C, and persons interested vshould write them. : -, Find Diphtheria Preventive. A dispatch from.' Paris says :x. ' Pre'yentivo vaccination ' agdihsf diphtheria has been discovered'- by Pi s. Jules Renault ."and- Pierre Levy, The serum has been indorsed by the Academy of Medicine," according" to announcement made. The report, says' that 400 cases' 'of Inc. disease have been treated '.rte- cessfully, but the; discoverer's hiVe asked for six months more f.i whli .t fn-vevtheir-tests -oflicialfy ; If6fe (iuH'rindinp that .the sertrn, Ivf 'u.-Hl in t!i'- ' chools. ? ' ,:';',' This follows the Rbtfs. scuni '.'fdY the euro of diphtheria, whi'.li h;is red'Kcd the world death rate of tho ciUrr.e !;y 90 per -cent. . ' . '- O' Iter , discoveries annoum-.e 1 to tl.: A' ademy of Medicine , -ire ;ia- u.-r of oxygen' as a cure fpr 'sesickhess and ultra-violet - rays for'-' red.uchig flesTr.; -'A ntimbt-r of doctors liovv-' ever, disagree with the later experi ments, declaring the ray.-; to be dan- SOUTH IS LEADER IPOTER-P0WER One of the first Super-Power Developments in the En tire Country was Operated in the Carolinas. - .Raleigh, N. C, March 21 super power system one of the first and best examples of such a development is today, and has been for two years serving North and 'South Carolina.. This fact wa brought to public no tice today, following announcement from New York of the formation in Ohio. Virginia, West Virginia, Peim- . sylvauia amd 'Maryland of a co-operative coal field service. Southern states, therefore, hav,e pointed the way in this progressive step. Together with Alabama, Tennessee and Georcia. the Carolin.-i-; are inter connected by hijh-tension lines. Ac cording to the North and South Car olina Public Utility Information Bu reau, an area of 140.000 square miles, .with a population of 3,650,000, is served. The present capacity of this system is approximately 1,000,000 uui stjjuvvci , ui niiiLii a nine uiuic than 75 per cent is hydro-electric. Power is relayed from one extrem ity of this zone to another to meet shortage on account of reduced flow of rivers or breakdown in equipment. Tn this way interruptions of supply have been prevented, the. surplus of one region has supplied the deficiency . of another and the burning of coal a has been reduced to a minimum. Another section of. the United States is already being served by a super-power system similar to that existing in the Carolinas and the now proposed Eastern service. It em braces the busy districts in and about Chicago. . '.'.-.' The ultimate purpose for these va rious units over the country appar ently is an interlinking for the inter change and intersale" of power where and when needed. The great power companies of the country' appear to be working toward the perfection of a plan. which will insure the best, most dependable and cheapest ser vice to the millions of electric power users. . Thomas A.. Edison, dean of . the electric world, seems to have sensed . i. : r i i .i. ims movement, lor last monin, run the occasion of his' seventy-seventh birthday anniversary, he said: "The most important electrical develop ment that could be worked out in the future would be a system of .connect ing power stations and the develop ment of water power stations to op erate the system, together with the application of- electric power to the .railways. - .Jt is noted in connection with these vast. electric power developments al ready .under way, that Congress is being besought to take over the in dustry which private capital has al ready launched. . The:Norris-Keller bill, introduced a few ...day's ago, proposes national -ownership. of a great super-power System to-indude the' entire country. .Rep resentative Keller, jjj i itroducing the hill, called attention to the rnunicipal-ty-owned electric pov -r plants as a possible nucleus for t- development of a 'great national sy em. As an index to the r ;!ati vely minor proportions of publicly-owned plants. -.as .a" -factor in the electrical industry ot the country, it may be stated that more, than ninety-si:; per cent of the electrical output of the country is generated by private companies and Jci,s Uhan four per cent in publicly ftnct.,planr?.' Statistics also show itlnit these latter use twelve W reiif yf-'-aH -.the -coal burned by electrical, witty '.cqirifriaies ami twelve per .cent 'of 'the labor. . ' - Regarding publi-. '; 'ownership ' of utilities of. this' kind. James 11 Col lins, iu a recent is -tie of "The Na tion's i'.iuiiH-ss," says: "The pniitictatv and tlVo dei,r?at;c)R.ue are fascinated by the electrical utility business. '.-"It is a " going .concern,-, paying dividends t, its two million stocklhlers and con stant! v pro vinx;' a teimbiui? fold for exploitation f political and picking U1T1?