i ' i
FRANKLIN, N. C, FRIDAY, APRIL 18,1924?
i N hi
FOR OUR FARMS
Every Farmer Should Make
a Good Pasture the Basis
of His Plans for Live Stock
Every farmer interested in grow-
ing live stock 'should be made to
realize the importance of 'making pas
ture the basis of live stock production
work. The term, pasture, however,
unfortunately is construed in a great
many different ways. Some folks
have the idea that it is a field with a
fence around it. This field may be
open land or it. may be wooded land.
At any rate, there is an erroneous
impression abroad that such consti
tutes a pasture.
In order that we may have a bet
ter understanding of pastures, let us
' see what one practical live stock
grower says about the possibility of
having pasture on timbered land.
This queston of growing grass and
trees together was immediately pre
cipitated vien data' was sent out re
cently calling attention to the cost of
cutting, cleariny an.d .seedinf Western
North Carolina Mountain land. In
order that this question might be an
swered by a practical live stock man
the writer took occasion to refer the
inquiry to Mr. T. L. Gwyn, of Canton.
North Carolina, who grazes annually
several hundred head of cattle for
stocker and feeder purposes. His an:,
swer is so far reaching that it seemed
unwise 'to bury such facts without
' bringing them' to the attention of
those helping to make a greater live
stock State. I feel that the following
statements by Mr. Gywn are worthy
of serious consideration.
"I do not consider it practicable to
try to grow grass and timber both.
You cannot make "a good permanent
sod without removing the shade, as
the land will soon go back into a wild
growth of fern, moss and wild
grasses. Neither do-Seattle 'relish
grass grown in the shade as well as
in the operi and do not get as fat as
on sunny pastures. We always leave
' a few trees for shade, preferably near
" the watering places but with this ex
ception, the less shade you can have
on a pasture the better.
"No doubt in most every boundary
of cut over timber land there are cer
tain areas that' on account of their
. rugged nature, or rocky , soil, would
;bemore profitable in timber than in
; grass. and I think in covering cut
over lands into grazing lands, that it
is, far more preferable to leave such
" areas to go back into forest and
" thoroughly clear the lands best suit
ed, for grazing, than to make only a
; fair pasture of the, whole. It is not
; necessary to remove the entire
: growth. The small stuff should be
f cut and piled and burned and the
; larger trees 'deadened' or girdled.
"A very satisfactory, job of clear
ing can be accomplished at about
' $15.00 to $18.00 per acre on average
cut over lands with $2.00 per day la
bor. .We find it much better to pre-
7 pare the. land as I have stated,: burn
r it off and sow down the grass seed
with no attempt.at any kind of culti
vation. Seeding will cost from $4.00
, to $6.00 per acre, depending of course
on the price of grass seed.,
' "The dead timber left standing will
eventually fall but can then be taken
up, leaving the land practically clean
at an, average cost of something like
five or six dollars per acre."
What applies to Western North
Carolina conditions will fundamen
tally apply to all sections of "the
State. The particular point which
'the writer wishes to make is that
pastures which are worthy of- the
name of pastures can not be made
among trees. The statements as out
lined by Mr. Gwyn give three, funda
mental reasons why. ' Let us keep
. these facts in mind and see if we can
npt do a better job next year of .edu
cating our farmers and live stock men
along these lines than ever before.
Certainly,' we must do so if we expect
to help make live stock production
MATTHEW E. HANNA
If , s ;S
fH " w-nr "A
Matthew E. Hanna, who has acted
as the head of-the division of Mex
ican affairs of the State department
since September, 1921, has been
ordered to Berlin for duty as diplo
matic secretary at the American em
bassy, ' .
Of Irish Potatoes
Cull out seed showing signs of
scab, scurf, and rots before treating
tubers in order to eliminate seed
borne diseases. Remove potatoes of
abnormal shape and size, since uni
form size is preferable. Potatoes are
always treated before being cut into
. Prepare the solution for treatment
by dissolving bichloride of mercury
(corrosive' sublimate) in water at the
rate of 4 ounces to 30 gallons of
water. This chemical is a deadly poi
son if taken internally, but does not
injure, the hands, A small quantity of
warm water may first be used to dis
solve the bichloride, since the latter
dissolves slowly in cold water. The
solution corrodes metal, and hence it
must be prepared and used in wood,
enamel, or concrete containers.
Wooden barrels are convenient for
Thirty gallons of treating soluti'on
will treat from twelve to sixteen
bushels before becoming too weak fov
Use. If more than this quantity of
seed is. to be planted, it is best to
make up two or more Darrels. of the
The potatoes are best handled in
sacks or slat crates for the dipping
process.,,, They are placed in the so
lution for a period of 30 minutes'. If
scab or scurf is bad, and the seed
have hot begun to sprout, they may
be treated for an hour without in
jury. After treatment, spread the
potatoes out to dry. Treated pota
toes are fit for planting purposes
pnly since poison is obsorbed by the
corky skin." Care' must be exercised
to nrevent infection' frnm rpstnrincr
the potatoes in locations or contain-.it
ers where the seed were stored be
fore being treated.
When the seed are tseated pour the
solution, out immediately where it
will sink into the ground quickly and
will not collect in puddles (away
from springs and wells).
It is reported that the farmers of
the Scaly section are planning to
plant one hundred acres to cabbage.
It is also reported that one hundred
and ten acres are to be planted to
cabbage in Rabun County, Georgia.
A heavy yield from this acreage can
be marketed co-operatively provided
they are not to be marketed late in
September andiearly in October when
the markets are glutted with cab
bage from Virginia. New, York, and
Wisconsin. An Atlanta produce deal
er has promised to buy a car load on
Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday of
each week between July 15th and
September 15th, provided they are
Danish Baldhead, practically free
from worm holes, and no heads
weighing over five pounds.
Shall we begin sowing , seeds at
once arid get our cabbage on the
early market, or will we wait and
have the FUN of competing with
other cabbage sections on 'the late
Thi Year's Session Will Be
gin at the Court House in
Franklin, on Wednesday,
May 21st, 1924.
The County' Summer School will
begin in the Court House at Franklin,
Wednesday. May ,21st.
All teachers and prospective teach
ers holding certificates ''below the
Elementary, should make their plans
to attend a County Summer School
this summer. ".
Requirements for Entrance.
1. One must be eighteen years 'of
2. One must have completed three
full years of high school work in
certified high school. . ; '
3. Or in lieujpf three years of high
school work, one must pass an en
trance 'examination on English Com
position, Arithmetic and United
States History, making a passing
grade of 75 on each subject. ,
Note: To secure credit 'a teacher
must enter during the first three
days. The entrance examination will
be given at the Court House in Frank
lin Tuesday, May 6th, beginning at 9
o'clock. All who have not completed
tenth grade are required to take this
examination before credit can be re
ceived in the Summer School.
. Those Who Should Attend.
1. Prospective teachers who can
meet either of the entrance require
2. Holder of Second Grade Certifi
cates who can meet entrance require
ments. 3. Holders of Provisional R. Provis
ional A. and One Year Temporary
Those Who May Attend.
1. Graduates; of Standard ' High
2. Holders of Provisional Elemen
tary Certificates.- '. . '
3. Holders of Elementary Certifi
catesClass A and I).
Note: These are advised to go to
State Summer Schools, but in case it
is not possible,, they may secure re
newaf credit in a CountySummer
School. . . ' '
, Credits Offered.
'The following certificates may be
secured by completing one unit of
work in a' County Summer School in
1924 and by securing the: Superin
tendent's recommendation :
1. . Provisional B Certificates may he
secured by :
a. Applicants who meet either en
trance requirement. . , 1
2. Provisional A Certificate may be
secured by :
a. Holders ' of Provisional B Cer
tificates. . '
b. Graduates of non-standard four
year high schools.
3. One year Temporary Certificate
may be secured by
Iloluers 01 provisional a uer
i TT.U -fn.- f' iA
b. .Holders of One Year Temporary
Certificates may secure extension for
4. Elementary Certificate, Class B.
may be secured by:
a. Graduates of Standard High
'..b. Applicants who secure academic
credits ly State Examination.
c. Holders of Provisional Elemen
Course of Study.
The Course of Study consists, of
Subject matter and mehods courses.
The subjects are arranged in units,
one unit of. work to be completed
each summer. A unit of work con
sists of four courses to be taken five
times . a week' for six weeks v-the reci
tation periods being forty-five min
utes in length. To secure credit, oae
must enter not later than the third
day, must show twe,nty-five days at
tendance, and must make a passing
grade of 75 on each subject.
Every effort is being1 made to se
cure the very best ins:tructors for
County Summer Sdiool teachers of
successful experience in 'this particu
lar field and with the highest ideals
of service. Therefore, student-teachers
desirous, of improving their ef
ficiency and rating should avail them
selves of this opportunity.
M2 " M. D. BILLINGS, Supt.
BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
WHEREAS, it is essential to
the continued comfort, welfare,
and prosperity of the people of
the United States that abundant
forests, widely1" 'distributed and
"maintained in a condition of high
productiveness,-be forever wisely
conserved as ohe of 'our greatest
natural resources; and
WHEREAS, because . of our
constantly increasing need for
wood and other forest products;
together wih our past failure to
provide for reforestation, we are
drawing upon our supplies of tim
ber four, times as fast as .they are
renewed thrKugh growth; and
WHEREAS, the most formida
ble agency of forest destruction
and prevention of reforestation
isfire and. of the fires which an
nually devastate vast areas, four
fifths are ascribed in origin to
human agencies and 'virtually all
may. be controlled and made. in
nocuous through prudencp, care,
THEREFORE, I, CALVIN
COOLIDGE, President of the
United States, do urge upon the
Governors of the various States
to designate and set apart the
week of April 21-27, 1924, as For
est Protect ion Week, and, wher
ever not in conflict with State law
or accepted customs, to celebrate
Arbor Day within that week.. I
also urge all citizens, either in
association or as individuals, all
schools, and the'press of the land
to give common thought to the
protection of our foTests from
fire, to the end that, in the future
as in the past, these forests may
supply us with wood, protect the
purity of our streams, "and other
wise serve the people of the Uni
ted States. . :
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I
have hereunto, set my hand and
caused the seal of the United
States to be affixed.'
DONE at the City of Washing
ton this 15th day of February, in
the year of our Lord one thous
and nine hundred and twenty
four, aud of the Independence of
the United States 6.1 America the
one hundred and forty-eighth.
By the President :
CHARLES E. HUGHES,
Secretary of State.
OF CONCORD PULLET
Young Hen Belonging to Daughter
of Rev. and Mrs. Pentuff Lays
72 Eggs in 23 Days.
. Concord. N. C, April 10. Concord
lays cIaTmto one of the champion
chickens of the world, a pullet that
has been raised by Odoredo Pentuff,
daughter of Rev. and Mrs. J. R. Pen
tuft. The pullet, according to her
owner, during 23 days laid 72 eggs,
and'duririg the first seven days of
April laid 17 eggs.
The egg-laying, record of the pul
let, called "Miss Twitty" because of a
broken tail suffered while a biddy, is
vouched for by Mr. and Mrs. Pen
tuff ami their daughter. The chicken
is a household pe; and ,many of her
ehgs were laid hi tilt house on pil
lows. Some time ago, however, when
Mr. Pentuff noticed that the hen was
laying several times a day he placed
her in , a . pen. locked her in and
placed the key in his pocket. Dur
ing the time she has been under lock
and key, the hen , has . laid several
times each day, Mr. Pentuff says.
The hen has aroused much curiosity
and answering inquiries,' Mr. Pentuff
"On the first day of April' I put
little Twitty and the best rooster of
the pen in a separate pen and sepa
rate nest for1 them, early in the morn
ing, on the first day (All Fools Day).
She laid three eggs, that is she and
the rooster together. The second
day they laid three, fourth day two
and fifth day one, Sixth daybeforc
breakfast two eggs, seventh day
three apd a soft; -she'll making four,
but not counting the soft shell, in the
first sewn days of the month Twitty
and the rooster have laid seventeen
.eggs. The eggs are fertile, a few of
them being hatched. '. Some of Twit
ty's sisters have laid two, eggs, some
days and two of them have gone as
high as three eggs per day occas
ionally. , Twitty is' under lock 'and
key and I carry the key."
A number of persons have called at
Mr. Pentuff's home to sec Twitty in
action. G-ccnsboro Daily News.
President Coolidge Issues a
Proclamation Calling At
tention to Enormous Loss
From Forest Fires, '
Forest Protection Week for 1924
has been designated by President
Coolidge for April 21-27, inclusive,
announces the Forest Service, United
States Department of Agriculture.
In his i proclamation, President
Coolidge calls attention to the ap
palling losses that occur each year
from forest fires, and urges all citi
zens, either in association or as indi
viduals, to protect all waoded areas
from fire. Governors of many states
will issue proclamations supplement- '
ing the one issued by the President,
and Arbor Day in several States will
be observed during Forest -Protection
' Secretary Wallace has stated that
eight out of every ten forest fires re
sult from human carelessness and
will not happen once the public is
brought face to face with the serious
losses these fires cause. These losses
fall especially heavy on the Ameri
can public since the United States
uses more saw timber than all other
Chief Forester Greeley says it is
not difficult for everyone to be care
ful with fire while in wooded areas.
Here are simple rules which if ob
served will go far toward reducing
the appalling number of man-caused
fosest fires reported every year: Be
sure your match is out before throw
ing it away; don't throw cigars, cig
arettes, and pipe ashes along the
roadside; build small camp fires arfay
from brush and small trees; never
leave your camp fire un watched;
make sure your camp fire is dead
then bury it; keep in touch wjth for
est rangers and fire wardens and re
port all fires you may see, no matter
how small ; be as careful with fire
while you are in wooded areas as you
would be in your own home.
Democrats Held County
Convention Last Saturday
The Democratic Countv Convention
for Macon County was held Saturday,
April 12th, in the Court House.
Chairman A. W. Horn beine absent.
Dr. W'.'A. Rogers was requested to
A resolution was unanimously
passed indorsing Hon. Sam L. Rogers
for one of the two delegates front
the Tenth Congressional District to
the National Convention in New York
A list of over fifty Democrats for
delegates to the State Convention at
Raleigh, April 17th, was read, and the
convention ordered all of these Dem
ocrats be notified.
Franklin F. I, Murray, Elmer
Johnson. S. L. Rogers, Geo. Mallonee,
R. A. Patton, Steve Porter, H. J.
Jr., C. D. Baird, J. A. Porter, Alex
Moore; Gilmer A. Jones.
Millshoa.l J. M. Raby, C. L. In
gram, Jerry Franklin. ,
Ellijay J. P. Moore. Sam Bryson,
Sugarfork Alex Shook, A. B.
-Highlands Frank - Potts, J. - Q.
Pierson, Grover Edwards.
Smith's Bridge, C. K. Cabc, W. A.
Norton. Tom McDowe'', Mcll Cabe.
Lester Justice, Will I'arrish, Bob
Cartoogechaye A. B. Slagle, Frank
Setser, John Roane, Bob Southards,
Will Waldroop, T. M. Slagle.
Nantahala No. 1 Geo. Stepp, Bob
Nantahala No. 2-Jas. Shields. Lee f
Baldwin, Frank Wilson, W, K. Jones.
Burningtown W. M. Edwards, Jim
A. Parrish, C. T. Riiv. Robt. Ramsey,
Cowec Clyde Wesi J. H. Dalton.'
Sam Murray, Wade Arvcy, . Horace
Bryson. W, C. Sheffield. ,
Flats Roy Dryman, Odcn i'cnland.
A resolution was unanimously
passed that the County be voted as. a
unit at the State Convention in Ral
eigh. N. C, on April 17th.
A resolution was ' unanimously
pas.sed that any Macon County Dem
ocrat attending the State Convention
will ie an accredited delegate.
C. D. BAIRD. Secretary.