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FRAN) LIN, N. C, FRIDAY, JUNE 27, 1924. .
PLAN GOOD TIME
Committee Has Arranged a
Fine Program for Celebra
tion Next Friday Large
ArrangementSv are being rapidly
completed for one of the biggest
Fourth of July celebrations ever held
here, which will be, staged next Fri
day. Many attractive events have
lfeen arranged, and a nice list of
prizes will be iven to those taking
part in the various events.
The full program arranged for the
day is as follows : '
9 :30 A. . M Big Street Parade.
Prize for best float, $10.00 in gold.
Second prize, $5.00 in gold.
11 :00 A.' M. Climbing greased pole.
Prizes will be placed at top of pole,
and if you can climb to them, they
1 :fJ0 P. M. Catching greased pig.
3:00 P. M. Minstrel Show at the
5:00 P. M; Races: "
Sack race First Prize, baseball
bat; second prize, baseball.
Three-legged race First prize,
baseball glove; second prize, baseball.
Hundred-yard dash, 16 ' years or
over Prize, fishing tackle.
Hundred-yard dash,1 under sixteen
years Prize, baseball and bat.
Fat man's race1 Priz,e, $2.50 in gold.
Girls ' sack race Prize, box of
Tug of War Winning side gets
treat at drug store.
8:00 P. M. Oxford Orphanage
Singing Class, at Court House.
Come early and stay late, and enjoy
every minute of the day. A large
crowd is expected, and the business
men of the town will be amply pre
pared to care for all demands for
plenty of good eats, ice cold drinks,
"and places where you may rest and
keep cool. We will expect you to
Must Quit Tampering
Tampering with business by politic
ians is due to extreme partisanship
seeking votes and party advantage.
We must quit tampering.
. Most of the tampering with which
' we are afflicted is in part the general
tendency toward over-regulation by
government of business" and of the
affairs of individual citizens.
It is estimated that the grand total
of laws and ordinances, now effective
in the United ' States, exceeds two
. miljion. Railroads are subject to the
orders of fifty commissions.
" "Farmers are subject to regulation
by potato inspectors, by dairy, hog
cholera, cattle, seed, sheep, stallion
and bee inspectors. ;
Forty thousand elective officials,
fcdeal,, state and county; are the
apexof our vast organization of
: regulatory officials, besides city and
town elective officials and the vast
number of appointed officials and em
ployes of all branches -of government.
All-told, one in twenty of our wage
earners are upon a- government pa.y
rolk Out of six days that we. labor,
one day's labor on the average-
goes to pay the cost of government.
The laborer and business man must
pay the expenses of hundreds'" of
thousands of government officials and
employes whose labor is not pro
ductive. . '
Tampering does not end with
"countless additions to our laws and to
the payroll of government empoyes.
At periodical intervals we are be
sought to tamper with the Constitu
, tion of the United States. The par
' ticular change now being advocated is
an amendment which would restrict
the power ' of the United States
Supfcrrre -Court to declare unconstitu
tional a law passed by Congress.
One senator demands that the
vote of seven out of nine judges be
required to give effect to such a
decision; another senator would go
farther and authorize Congress to
override the court's decision by the
simple expedient of re-enacting the
Government Officials to Hold
Conferences on Subject in
States, Beginning Early in
July To Study Trade.
Washington, D. C.,, June 20. The
government's intention to go to the
bottom of the whole gasoline price
situation probably through the courts,
was indicated today by Attorney Gen
eral Stone. .
Inquiries instituted by the federal
trade commission and the department
cf justice are t form the basis of the
proceedings which it was stated, will
be started by the federal government.
Results of the commission's study of
the price question, made at the re
quest of President Coolidge, are in
the hands of the department ;of jus
tice and Mr. Stone announced today
he had directed members of his staff
to collate data gathered by depart
ment investigators with that Obtained
by the trade commission.
As the next step Mr. Stone, wjll
hold conferences early in July with
attorneys general of ' certain . states,
whose identity- is withheld for the
present. After that conference,
which Mr. Stone said would provide
a comparative survey of the whole
situation, the department tf justice
will make' known the character of
proceedings it intends toemploy.
Whether the department has un
covered some semblance of price
maintenance arrangements was. not
stated. MeHion was made by Mr.
Stone in a fcrnial statement, however,
that part of tlu department's inquiry
had been directed toward determining
whether the r.everal standard oil com
panies had obeyed the federal court
dissolution decree of 1911.
.The attorney general is understood
to have b.vn informed by some. of his
subordinates that in part, at least, the
decree has not been fully obeyed, but
there is not entire agreement among
the lawyers who have studied this
phase of the price problem and furth
er information may be required.
When the department completes its
preparatory study of the gasoline
question, i- expects to be able to lay
before the public a .complete 'picture
of the oil inquiry in this country
from production through refining and
distribution. Part of this information
has been gathered by the federal
trade commission,' but the contents of
the commission's report will not be
made knownuntil after the July con
ference with stattfcattorneys general.
Dairy Herds in Tennessee
Make Remarkable Increase
Qne farmer shipping cream repre
sented the extent of dairying in Tipton-
County, Tensi., in 1920.. At. the
end of 1923, there were more than 446
farmers "in the county, shipping cream
from some 3,000 cows, receiving for
the year's production; according ..to
v e rt or t s to J h e Up i t e d St ates Depart
ment of Agriculture, more than $250,
fX)Q. This development came as a
result of' careful study of possibilities
for other sources of farm income
than the one prevalent crop, cotton,
made in 1920 by progressive farmers
and the county agricultural agent. It
was Tound there was a good near-by
market, for cream and that the county
was well adapted to growing dairy
feeds. Pastures have been estab
lished, leguminous hay grown, proper
feeding methods for milk production
learned, and cream shipping develop
ed as a supplementary cash, enterprise.
Only cows already owned in the
county have been used and only those
farmers making sufficient provision
on their own farm for feeds have
been encouraged to, take up dairying
As these cotton farmers develop skill
in feeding and management, the pro
duction ot the herds is being built up
through the introduction into the
county of purebred bulls of high
production lines. Seven of these
purebred t bulls were brought in for
co-operative use last year and several
have been bought by individuals.
Ninety-Nine Miles From Anywhere J
'''""i "' 'f '' .....
Prohibition Agents Are Held
Under Bond for their Part
in the Affair No Whiskey
Found in the Car.
Greenville, S. C, June 23. Partic
ipants in the shooting affray on the
Greenville - Hendersonvillc Highway
this morning, in which two Atlanta
business men were wounded in an
encounter with , prohibition officers,
were held in $1,000 bonds tonight
pending a hearing into the circum
stances. Counter warrants were
sworn out by members of the tourist
party, which included the wounded
men, and the officers, all charging
assault aiid battery with intent to kill.-
E. M. Ivey,. head -of. an Atlanta au
tomobile company, and Herndon
Thomas, salesman, the two men who
were shot, are in a local hospital, and
according to physicians, their wounds
are not serious unless complications
set in. Ivey was shot thre-e times, his
most severe injury being a shattered
knee. Thomas was shot in both arms.
They were named in warrants sworn
out by the officers. A. W. Martin and
J,, A. Foley, of the Atlanta Constitu
tion and the Atlanta journal, respec
tively, were companions of , Ivey and
Thomas, but they were uninjured in
Federal Prohibition Agent Reuben
Gosnell, State Constable John Mc
Cauley, and the latter's son, Albert,
comprised the party of officers who.
according "to Gosnell's statement, met
resistance and were- fired- upon by
Ivey when they attempted to search
trie automobile in' -which the Atlan
lans we're sitting beside the road-,-ab'Vut
fiftren .miles from here. They
are named in the warrants sworn, out
by the tourists;'.' Gosnell's statement,
admitted thr.t no whiskey was found
in the search of the. automobile.
Air. Ivey, lying on. his bed in the
hospital, declared, hat he and his coni-.
"panionTru specf e d'lh c"pfli e'e f s of "'be
ing highwaymen when one aUempted
to seize a cariteen of water on the
front seat of the automobile" and
grapplcd'ovith . him.' calling to the
others for help. ' The first shots;, he
said, were ('red by the officers, and
he said he returned the fire. .
The shooting today occurred about
nine miles' from the spot where in
April of last year a group of prohibi
tion enforcement officers tired upon
an automobile occupied by Miss Mary
Bowen and Miss Rosalie Gwyiin, of
Asheville, asserting they thought it
was a rum running machine. Four
officers- and a. citizen were indicted
in connection with that incident and
Notice to Ex-Service Men.
All ex-soldiers will please call at
my office in the next thirty days and
get blanks to make application for
FRANK i. MURRAY, C. S. C.
COAST TO COAST
TRIP IN ONE DAY
Lieut. Maughan, Army Flier,
Successfully Makes Dawn
to Dusk Flight from New
York to San Francisco.
San Francisco, Calif., June 23.
Lieut. Russell L. Maughan, army flier,
successfully made his daylight to
dusk flight from New York to San
Francisco, when he lanted at Crissy
Field at 9:48 p. m. He arrived in San
Francisco at 9:44 p. m.
As soon as the plane landed news
paper men broke through the police
lines holding back a huge crowd lin
ing the field and greeted the flier. A
few seconds later the mammonth
throng of spectators, cheering and
shouting, while automobile sirens
shrieked in a bedlam or noise, surged
over the landing field and surrounded
Maughan landed on a brilliant path
way of huge flares making the field
almost as light as day. The landing
was made without mishap.
The plane, in which Maughan left
New York at 2:59 1-3 a. m., (Eastern
Standard Time) today on his third
attempt to span the continent, was
first sighted when he circled twice in
the deepening dusk.
Tuberculosis in Swine Due
To Poultry in Some Places
In some localities poultry is. largely
responsible for tuberculosis infection
among swine, according to the find
ings of the United States Department
of Agriculture. --.Although scientific
and- laboratory studies of the. dlrTer
ent types . o( tuberculosis have thus
far not yielded ' definite information
as to the degree. in which the vario'u?
types of tubercle bacilli affect animals
of -different species. 'field reports show
clearly that swine. are susceptible, to
infection from buth poultry and lo-
yitn.c,;spu rces,.Th e jn f ectioit i n a g j v-
en locality may be from-either one
or the other source, or both.
Tuberculosis in fowls occurs chiefly
among the okler birds, especially
those more than two years old. The
most conspicuous symptom is "going
light," meaning as the name indicates,
a rapid loss of weight, especially the
emaciation of the breast muscles
Other symptoms arc lameness and
ruffled plumage. On post-mortem ex
amination tuberculous fowls usually
show whitish, grayish, or yellowish
spots on internal organs, notably the
liver., The prompt disposal of old
fowls will eliminate most of the
tuberculous infection, but when" se
rious on the farm it is advisable to
dispose of the entire flock, to disin
fect the poultry houses and premises
thoroughly, and then to introduce
new stock known to be healthy. Dead
fowls should be burned or buried
never fed to hogs. .
Initial Day of the Democratic
National Convention Held
Tuesday Harmony Pre
vails During First Day.
New York, June 24. Forgetful for
the moment of its bitter rivalries over
candidates and policies, tke Demo
cratic National Convention egart its
sessions in Madison Square Garden 1
today with a militant demonstration '
of party enthusiasm.
Meeting only to go through the
formalities of effecting a preliminary
organization, the delegates indulged
in. a 20 minute old-time Democratic
demonstration in honor of Woodrow
Wilson and cheered to the echo a
keynote speech in which Senator Pat ,
Harrison pleaded for party harmony
and a re-consecration to the funda
mental principles of Democracy.
Then after three hours of oratory
and noise-making the convention ad
journed until tomorrow, leaving its
committee to work out details of its
organization while the managers for
the score of candidates for the. Presi
dency continued their preparations
Not a single voice was raised inf
protest or debate at any stage in the
proceedings. " Picking their words,
and making their plans warily party
officials steered the convention away
from the dangerous passages that lie
in its course and left it to the com
mittees and to later sessions to de
velop the full force of the conflicting
currents that are moving beneath the
Aside from the fight Over the nomi- ,
nation, which appeared to have un
dergone no material change during
the day the most difficult of the con
vention's problems rest tonight in the
hands of the platform committee
which began its labors immediately
after its appointment at the opening
convention session. Far into the
night its leaders battled over prohibi
tion, farm relief, foreign policies and
the klan issue with no agreement in
sight. " ' .';.'
The rules committee speedily put.
an end to the much discussed move
to do away with the old rule requir
ing a two-thirds vote of the conven
tion to nominate. Like many similar
abrogation proposals in the past it
collapsed when it reached the stage
of action. Only three votes all from .
States instructed for McAdoo voted
to throw the long esablished rule into
the discard. Before the credentials
committee the McAdoo forces won . a
victory by securing a convention seat
for a McAdoo alternate who will vote
in the absence of one of the delegates
from Oregon. A contest involving
11 delegates from Minnesota was
thrown out after only brief .consider-.
A project to follow , the precedent
set by the Baltimore convention-of.
1912 and continued at -San Francisco
four years ago, and listen, to nomi- '
nating speeches for President, before
acting onflje-pa.rty platform which
vus' approved by the rules committee
;;nd convuit'bn officials indicated that
some of the great flow of nominating
oratory would be loosened at tomor-:
row's convention .session.
There will be no balloting for a
nominee, however;.' until the platform
has been completed in committee and .
approved by the convention.
Some Big Mysteries of
It's funny how peo '; ride around
in cars tand never knc.-; what makes
'em go. And just bee;.' .ise they don'f
know, they get into a lot of trouble
they would have avoided if they did
The clutch is a mechanical hand
which holds the engine shaft and the
drive shaft together when the car is
going and lets go and separates them
when the car is not going and the
The function of the gearset is to
provide a, different ratio of engine
revolution to rear wheel revolution;
not, as some people fondly suppose,
to allow the driver to drive at differ
ent speeds, but to provide him with
more power when It is needed.
The differential is an arrangement
of gears which is an elastic trans
mitter of power to the fear wheels
it can deliver more power to one
wheel than the .other and, therefore,
can allow one wheel to revolve faster
or slower than the other.