FRANKLIN, N. C, FRIDAYSEPTEMBER 19, 1924.
Franklin To Secura a
Lyceum Course This Year
HOW TO MAKE
TASTY GRAPE DISHES
County Farm Agents
Study Forestry Work
THE BEST DATES
FOR WHEAT SOWING
Ti s 1. 1.
i i a r i -"7 i i
Our town is exceedingly fortunate
in being able to secure the services
of the Lyceum Course again this
year. This Lyceum circuit is operated
throughout the. South.' Its .territory
includes all the southeastern states
reaching" from the banks of the Mis
sissippi on the west to the Atlantic
on the east, and, from the Ohio on
the north to the Gulf on the south.
So wc- are to be congratulated that
our community is included in this
large circuit, and much praise is due
those public spirited citizens who
made it possible fdr us to have this
great cultural and educational blessing-
The Lyceum course is not a money
nuking scheme. As one great pub
lic leader has so aptly said, "It is the
legitimate link between the church
aid (ftfe school, providing in', the life
of the community a healthy, whole
some outlet to the natural impulse
for recreation and pleasure without
sacrificing the cultural, refining in
fluences that are so often lacking in
other forms of amusement."
Franklin 'has been promised four
attractive numbers this fall, and with
these entertaining .and educational
courses we ought as a community to
feel the great uplifting influences of
better homes, better schools, better
citizens, which all go to make up a
The first of these attractive num
bers will appear about the middle of
October, and as public spirited citi
zens and town boosters we ought to
,f,o looking, forward to that date
with real pleasure.
The Press will take great pleasure
in announcing the different numbers
with their variety of culture, (educa
tion, and entertainment.
Let's go to these courses with a
determination to enrich our minds
and broaden our intellects.
West's Mill Items.
Sept. 10. Mr. and . Mrs. Lewis
Smith and children, of Cullowhee,
were visiting Mrs. Smith's mother,
Mrs. Jesse L. West, of .this place, the
'first of the week. .
Mr. Vernon Freeman, 'of Almond-,
spent last Sunday with relatives at
West's Mill. .
Mrs. S. J. Murray and daughters,
Harriet and Margaret Louise, are
spending this week with relatives at
Misses Stella and , Lucille Morgan,
who are attending school at Bryson
City,' spent last Sunday with home
Mr. Renfro Potts is back at West's
Mill, after spending a few weeks at
Johnson City, Tenn.
Mr. and Mrs. Carey L. Rickman
left last Thursday for their home at
Gastonia, after a three weeks' visit
with Mr. Rickman's mother,. Mrs. M.
Mr. Carlylc Sheffield is viaa'ting rel
atives at Cantpn, N. C.
Mr. Crawford Dalton hft last week
for Gastonia, where he expects to
stay for a while.
Mr. and Mrs. Claude Parrish and
'children, Nelle and Wayne, of Bryson
City, were, visiting Mrs. Parrish's
parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Morgan
the past week end, .
Mr. and Mrs. J. G. Owen and son.s
Charles Radford, of Asheville, were
visiting relatives here one day last
Mr. Kelly Dalton, of Gastonia, vis
ited friends in and around West's
Mill last week.
Miss Marjorie West is spending
the week with her aunt, Mrs. Ger
trude Smith, of Cullowhee.
Mrs. Lawrence Ramsey, of lot la,
, was visiting. her;sister,,Mrs. Clyde
N. West, Tuesday of this week.
Mrs. W. W. Potts left last Satur
day for Wilson, N, C, to be with her
daughter, Mrs. Emma Dean, who is
We are glad to know, that Mrs.
John H. Dalton is improving,' after
several weeks illness. "STAR."
Mission Study Class To
Hold All Day Meeting
The Mission Study Class of the
Woman's Missionary Society of the
Methodist Church will hold an all
day meeting in the Sunday School
auditorium on Tuesday, September
23rd, meeting at 10 A. M., to study
and discuss I he Child, and America s
Future." All the members of the
society are expected to attend and
bring a light lunch. All the ladies of
all the churches in Franklin are cor
dially invited to attend.
, MRS. GEO. A. JONES;
Superintendent of Mission Study.
Raleigh, N. G . Sept. 15. Home
demonstration workers of the State
College! Extension .Division are re
ceiving many inquiries at this time
of the year as to how to use grapes
to best advantage. Since wine is not
allowed to be manufactured according
to a ruling of the people backed by
the supreme law of the land, grape
juice has become a very popular
drink, Many home demonstration
club women make grape juice that is
sold with success to drug stores and
grocery stores for fancy trade. The
rccipe followed by theft growers is
one prepared and recommended by
Mrs. Cornelia G Morris, district
home demonstration agent. Mrs.
Morris has also prepared two other
recipes for grape products that may
be used to advantage be the house
keeper having a good vineyard.
The recipes used by Mrs. Morris
are as follows :
Cold Pressed Grape Juice.
Crush grapes (do not cook) strain
through cheese cloth and let stand
one hour. Strain or filter through a
flannel bag, being careful to keep
back, the sediment. Pour juice into
quart, tars- that have, been sterilized,
adjust new rubbers that have been
washed in hot soda water (1 tea
spoonful soda to 1 quart water) place
tops on jars and adjust the clamp,
but do, not seal tight. Place jars in
sterilizer (a tin- wash-boiler with
wooden rack in bottom may be used)
and surround with cold water, allow
ing the water to come to the shoul
der of the jar. When the water
reaches the boiling point 212 degrees
F. (a hard, jumping boil) keep that
temperature for 2 minutes, remove
jars and seal immediately. The juice
inside the jars will be only about 185
degrees F. A higher temperature or
longer cooking impairs the flavor.
No sugar will be required as the cold
pressed juice contains a high per
centage of fruit sugar.
The following well-known varieties
of fiiuscadines are especially good for
this cold-pressed juic; Scuppernong.
Thomas, Mish, Eden,. Memory,. Smith,
Flowers, James, and Luola. The
Thomas is perhaps the best.
After grapes have been crushed for
cold pressed grape juice the remain
ing pulp can be made into a delicious
conteetro.n. Pick out the hulls and
cook the pulp until the seeds sep
arate. Press through a ricer or c6l
ander to remove seed. Measure pulp
and for every cupful, use one-half
cupful sugar. Use a large flat pan
and wooden spoon or paddle. Cook
carefully, stirring cow-,'antly until
mass "will hold its shape. When fin
ished the paste should be of the con
sistency of fudge. Pour out on a
large platter or on a marble slab to
dry. When cold cut in small squares
and roll in granulated sugar.
Grape Jelly. !
Eight. pounds grapes (one-half un
der ripe), two pounds water (one
quart). ' ' , '
Crush grapes and . boil .with the
water twenty minutes.' Straim through
cheese-cloth and pour juice through
a. flannel jelly bag. Measure and add
from one-half to. three-fourths as
much sugar as juice. Cook to 223 de
grees F. Grapes -require less sugar
than apples, as they contain less pec
tin 'which is the jelly-making sub
stance. Lower Cullastja News.
Sept. 16. We are. having, some fine
v.eathcr at this writing.
Rev. John Baty preached an inter
esting sermon at Sugarfork last Sun
day morning. '
Mrs. Sarah Bowman, from Cor
nelia, Ga., is visiting relatives and
Misses .'Lois Witt and Dot Allen
made a trip to Bryson City last Sun
Mr. and Mrs. J. 0 Pinner, from
Atlanta, Ga., are visiting Mrs. Pin
ner's father, Mr. ). D, MoConnell, at
Miss Lois Witt was visiting Mrs.
F.d Herbert last Sunday. .
Mr. John Brown took dinner with
Mr. J. L. Clark Monday.
Misses Ruby Love and Nellie Scott
were visiting Miss Lois Witt recently.
Mr. and Mrs. Tom Russell have
moved back to Mr. Dutch Dills.'
The people are having n'ice weather
to work on the highway. They are
getting along fine with the work.
Mrs. Eculah Brantley was visiting
home folks at Dillard, Ga., last Sun
day. TWO CHUMS,
Raleigh, N. C, Sept. 15 Twenty'
years of forestry practice on the
Vanderbilt estate demonstrate the
value; of conservative methods in
handling waste land in Carolina, re
ports H. M. Curran, extension Fores
ter for the State College of Agricul
ture. Mr. Curran has just returned
to Raleigh from a trip through West
ern Carolina where in company with
a group of Agricultural workers, a
study was made of forestry condi
tions. Mr. Curran says, '.'Old gullied
fields and poor run down farm lands
on the Biltmore Estate were planted
to pine twenty years ago. Today
these areas are flourishing forests
already yielding many cords of fuel
wood. Twenty years more wil see
good sawlogs from this1 area,' and a
profitable return to the owners over
the cost of planting, taxes, and other
District Agent J. W. Goodman, Jr.
of the State College Extension Ser
vice,1 called in the county agents of
the mountain district that they might
familiarize themselves with modern
methods of handling farm forests.
E. H. Frothingham, Director of the
Appalachian Forest Exveriment Sta
tion, and Supervisor Verne Rhodes of
the Pisgah National Forest explained
to the visiting agents, farmers and
foresters the method used in setting
trees and the cost of seedlings and
planting and care. They also spoke
of the amount of wood removed in
two thinnings which were made to
improve the rate of growth of . best
In addition to the extension agents
many farmers were present on this
tour. State Forester J. S. Holmes
and his assistants, foresters G. H
Collingwood and W. R. Mattoon, of
Washington, D. C, who are visiting
demonstration work, , and extension
forester H. M. Curran were also
amo'ngthe visitors. Eight automobiles
carried the party from Asheville to
Biltmore. Returning the party looked
over the wonderful farm of the Bilt
more estate, were guests at the model
dairy and then visited the plant of
the Champion Fibre Company at. Canton.
The Division of Markets employs
V. W. Lewis to assist in marketing
livestock. He has employed Lenojr
Gwyn, of Canton, N. C, to travel in
several states taking orders for cat
tle. Mr. Lewis was here last Friday
and Saturday listing cattle for' Mr.,
Gwyn to sell. Owing to the fact that
only five or six farmers had notified
County Agent Arrendale of the num
ber and kind of cattle that they had
for sale, he was unable to list a car.
Owing to the negligence of the
farmers in .listing cattle it did not
look like a cattle sale could be suc
cessfully held as had been planned.
.Marketing Agents and County
Agents' can not do much to help
make sales when almost all the farm
ers fail to co-operate, even to the
extent of buying and writing a pos
If enough farmers show an interest
by listing their cattle and agreeing
to bear the expenses of building pns
and other little items a sale could be
lield' about' October 20th..' ,
' . Farmers should not expect, sales
to be held until they give-information
about what is for sale. .Buyers
will not .come -nor 'bid and stock cars
can '"not be ordered until Reliable in-
torrtiation is received.
, Teliico Local?.
Swt. 8. The farmers are beginning
to fodder some at this .writing. ,
Mr. Fred Anderson, who has been
working at Forney, N. C. is spending
a few days with home folks.
Mr. Jtidson Smith, who is" teaching
at Cowee, spent the week' end with
Mr. and Mrs. Robt. Ramsey are
wearing a big smile over the new ar
rival. It's a boy. '
Mr. and Mrs. Chas. 0; Ramsey and
daughter Helen," Mrs. Iva Lee Hurst
and family, and some of their friends
from Franklin, came down to the
Sulphur Springs in this section on a
picnic Sunday afternoon, and all vis
ited Mr. Samuel Ramsey and family,
Robt. and Ardenia.
Mr, Sanford Smith, who is teach
ing at Holly Springs, spent the week
end with home folks.
We' had a very interesting box
supper Saturday-night. We wish to
thank every one for their help. The
contribution was $28.55, which will go
for a library. THE RACES.
lialcigh, N, C, Sept. 15. It is not
alone important to look carefully af
ter the &ced bed and fertilizer re
quirements of wheat to be successful
with the crop. It is well to know the
best varieties for a certain, section,
and then, according to Professor
Franklin Sherman; Chief of the
Division of Entomology for the Ex
periment Station and Extension Ser
vice, one should also give careful at
tention to his planting dates. Prof.
Sherman .has worked out standard
ten day periods for sowing wheat in
all sections of North Carolina based
on damage done by the Hessian Fly
and winter killing from freezing
"The plan by which we calculated
our dates," says Prof. Sherman, "was
sent out by the United States De
partment of Agriculture and' has been
co-ordinated with what we know of
the Hessian Fly and the practical ex
perience of wheat growers from all
over the State. We have worked out
its application to nearly 1,000 locali
ties in all parts of North Carolina.
These dates have been submitted to
the agronomy workers of the ex
periment station, to experienced
farmers and to our field workers be
fore we ventured to makeShem pub
lic. Since that time we have also
visited a number of wheat fields and
found ,-. that the actual yields have
given confirmation to the plan.
"Let it be understood that these
dates are recommended not merely
with reference to Hessian Fly; but
are believ'ed to be the safest sowing
periods for general practice in aver
age seasons, all ' things considered.
We believe that if farmers followed
these calculations with slight devia
tions for clearly abnormal seasons,
that it would result in less damage
by Hessian Fly than we have hereto
fore had, and less damage from winter-kill.
We have found in one
community at the sariie time a varia
tion ot nearly two. months: some
sSWtt&oearly as to invite Fly-injury,
and smntTo late as to be hurt by
winter-kill. The standard ten-day
periods are aimed to escape both
the?e dangers as far as possible.
"Favorable weather for sowing will
usually be found within the' ten-day
period. If drouth extends into the
"erir.fi it' is well to wait for a rain,
but if drouth persists it is suggested
to sow as near to the. end of the
period as judgment may decide." 1
For this section the period from
October 10th to 20th. is best for wheat
sowing, according to Prof. Sherman's
The Macon County farmers should
have and do have large quantities of
fruits and vegetables for sale. Do
they want a market for what they
have? Judging from their1 actions,
very few really do. A visitor in our
midst would judge from the grunting,
growling, and complaining about' poor
markets and no markets that a train
load of farm products could be
shipped out each week.
In order to relieve the situation a
package car was arranged to carry
fruits and , vegetables from the sta
tions on the Tallulah Falls Railway
straight through to ' Atlanta each
week. The first week there was a
half car, the second week a tenth of
a car, and. the third week a few hun
A car load1 of rive hundred bushels
0 C P o t a to e s we r e j s o 1 d a t a, price
a:bove what growers or other section?
were receiving at their shipping
point. Only one hundred bushels
were brought to the car.
Such Tack of co-operation and fail
ure to respond is very discouraging
to a County Agent and others that
are trviiif; to help. The farmers had
an opportunity to ship their produce
in iheir own name and get all it
brought after freight and expenses
Plans were being made to send a
man to Gastonia, N. C. to receive
and peddle car load o; apples, cab
bage, rotatocs. onions, otc, to the
mill people..' This plan wou'd fail utv
the farmers would ship their
WILL -THE FARMERS
f)G? Will they spend on? tent for
a postal card to tell tlitir County
Agent what they have to sell and
when-it will be ready for market?
DO IT NOW. It would give him
the information, that is necessary for
him to help you get the most money
for your products.
Muscle Shoals Dam Gates
To Be Built in the South
Birmingham, Ala., Sept. 15. That
Alabama iron and steel, handled from
the ore beds to the finished product
by local enterprises, will be used for
the entire operating mechanism of
the great Wilson Dam at Muscle
Shoals should be an inspiration to
every ambitious community in the
South, is the view of J. C. Williams,
manager of the Southern Railway
System's Development Service, in
commenting on the award of this
contract to a Birmingham manufac
Fifty-eight gates and the operating
machinery, requiring over" 1,500,000
pounds of cast iron and steel, are to
be used and every bit of the work will
be done in Alabama plants.
"This is a splendid example," said
Mr. Williams, "of what can be done
in the South in the way of convert
ing raw materials into finished pro
ducts instead of- sending them away
in the crude state to furnish the basis
of profitable industry in other sec
tions. "The concern which secured this
contract was a pioneer manufacturer
of Corliss engines and other machin
ery in the South and its products
have gone into export trade as well
i s to many parts of the United States.
It has also built marine engines, mine
hoists, and sugar mill machinery,
giving a varied output for which
there has always been enough de
mand to keep its plant busy.
"Only by such enterprise and self
reliance on the. part of Southern
business men will the South be able
to take full advantage of its wonder
ful natural resources. Likewise, the
only sound basis . for a permanent
foreign trade through our Southern
ports is the development within the
South qf industries which will import
foreign 'raw materials and combine
them with native products in the
manufacture of articles for which
there is ? demand in foreign coun
tries, particularly Cuba and other
West Indian and South American
markets, which lie at our door."
Sept. 15. Whooping cough is rag
ing in our school district. The little
baby boy of Mr. and Mrs. Nathan
Daves died with it. They formerly
lived here, but at present are in Jack
son County. ,
Our teachers attended the teach
ers' meeting Friday. .
Mrs. C. R. Mashburn, of Franklin,
is visiting relatives and old neighbors
here."-' . : ' " ,
Mr. and Mrs. Pete Keener have
gone to their home at Central, S. C.
Jack Frost did some damage in our
section the first week in September.
The Christian preacher from East
La Porte is fexpected to preach here
at the Walnut Creek School House
the fourth Sunday in September. The.
public' is cordially invited to attend
the service. The. correspondent has
not yet learned his name. ,
Truly the poultry sales and the
wool pool have been sucessful under
takings ror the farmers, Now I be
lieve it y'll pay to try our luck in a
co-operative sale of cattle instead of
selling to the individual cattle buyer
at 3c a pound for nice young two and
three year old . cattle, then, next
year let's try our hand at a, co-operative
sheep sale instead of selling
to a .middle ..man.
Surely the farmer deserves to
reap the reward of his labor if any
one does. Fanners, let's pull all together-"For
a houie divided against
itselt will fall."
Tugalo, Ga., Sept. 8. -We are hav
ing some cool weather " this writing.
Mrs. Jim Dryman w;h the guest of
Mrs. Fraze Taylor Thursday after
noon.' Miss Margaret Edwards speir Sun
day .afternoon with Mrs. W.; M.
OCiicer. ' '. '..
Mr. and Mrs. Fraze Taylor and lit-,
tie daughter Louise spent Sunday af
ternoon with Mr. and Mrs. Allen
Mr. and Mrs.' Joe Coivley, from
Franklin, N, C, spent Sunday here
, with their daughter, Mrs. vV. M.
Mr. Blakely Taylor spent last Sun-
day- with his parents, Mr. and Mrs.
J. 1. Taylor, at Deniorest. Ga.
Mrs. (ieo. Conley and children re
turned Sunday from Franklin, where
they spent, several months." .
We arc glad to' see Mr. Horace
Dryman out agaiu. after having the
muiiios. . A COUNTRY GIRL.