Wltf H'rA ' f L HkA 1 VimrJ
FRANKLIN, N. C, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1925
" J. 1
MADE OF UNAKA
' U. S. Foresters Spent Sever
al Days Studying Cause
and Effect of Disastrous
Assistant District Forester H. 0.
Stabler of Washington, D. C, and
Supervisor Ira T. Yarnafl of the White
Mountain Forest of New 'Hampshire.
1 S. H. Marsh of the Shenandoah For
est of Virginia, and R. W. Shields of
the Nantahala Forest of North Caro
lina and Georgia arrived in Bristol
" yesterday following, an intensivestudy
that they have jus made of the 5,000
acre forest fire which occurred in the
Erwin district of the Unaka National
Forest during the latter part of Au-
gust and the first eleven days of
September. , .
This fire was set presumably malici
ously, by some unknown person on
' the morning of August 27 at a time
when Kaste'rn Tennessee was in the
midst of, an unprecedented drouth.
The forest floor was a veritable tini
er box and before it was finally con
' trolled en September 11 it had tost
approximately $6,000 for labor, food
supplies and transportation and re-
fculced in damage to mature timber
young growth and sou of. several
thousand dollars. In addition to the
direct loss in -timber and soil fertility
immense damage was - done to the
watershed' bf north Indian creek from
a tributaty of which the City of
Johnson City obtains its water supply
' In commenting upon the study
which has been made by these super
visors of the Eastern National Forest
District Mr. Stabler said : "The Forest
Serivce .is an organization is engaged
in the management of lands within
the national forests to the end tiiat
they may best serve, the public in
I terest in the conservation of water re-
sources and the production of timber
as a crop. Fire is the arch enemy of
the forest for years the country lost
more timber by. fire than its mills
produced. , -. ... I
' "The Service is justly proud of the
record it has made in fire protection
and a staggering loss like this fire on
the Vnaka Forest is something that
demands serious consiaerauon aim
study. For this reason District For
ester Evan W. Kelly appointed a
Board of Review to investigate and
determine the causes and conditions
which led to the destructive Unaka
Mountain fire. In a sense the, Board's
duties are comparable to the investi
gations made by a board of Naval
Officers followingthe loss of the ill
fated Shenandoah. The board com
posed of three supervisors who have
had iong expetience in fire prevention
and suppression will analyze au cir
cumstances of the fire and endeavor
to fix responsibility for the various
steps of management. Similar boards
of review', were convened the fall of
1924 following the disastrous 'fires
which occurred throughout California
rlnrinor the summer of 1924. The Cali
fornia fires also followed an "unpre
drouth" of lone duration
"Any,, organization of reasonable ef
ficiency is prepared to handle the
. usual situation but what the Forest
Kervice ii trivinc for is every shred
of exoerience that will aid it in meet
ine these unusual conditions with
which, it is confronted periodically by
the whims of the weather. y
"First of all, what can be done to
prevent forest fires from starting?
How can the public, be led to realize
that it suffers irreparable, loss from
the fires which occur annually in the
forests of our country? How can a
sense of personal responsibility , be
awakened in the breast of every good
citizen so that his hand will be raised
against every man who willfully or
carelessly" starts fire in our forests
and woodlands? The United States
has about 50,000 forest fifes a year.
Our annual fire bill is $500,000,000-
vau a oa Dinion as - we ourn
XU,UUU,UUU acres very 'year. Has it
occurred to you that we of the United
State are the best fire fighters in the
world, of which we are inclined. t
boast, just because we lead the world
"So stopping the man-caused fires
is one of the main objectives of the
, Federal and . State Forest organizt
" tionS.'V .- ': ' "'''''',"''-' " '' '
We need to go the limit jn bctcc
orf-oared to handle those fires whi;h
will inevitably start and we need to
know ; and be . prepared to put into
practire those methods of fire fighting
which will check the spread of fire
and pu it dead out. A fire fighting
organization I'ocs, not just happen in
to Existence at the same" time of a
sudden emergency any more than do
I J L J f , i
i ia .... "-j i
Western Carolina Quota
Fixed at $150,000
With its quota fixed at $150,000.
Western North Carolina, outside of
Asheville and Buncombe county, has
begun work towards' fulfilling its part
in the campaign to - purchase the
Great Smoky Mountains for a great
National park. Asheville and Bun
combecounty are pledged to raise
$250,000, and it is expected that the
eastern counties Will contribute, the
other $100,000 to '.complete North
Caiolina's share 'Of tue half-million.
for the park purchase. Tcnnesses is
jointly carrying on a ;ac.impaig'i for
a half million dollars. The quotas
for the district towns ar:d counties
will be apportioned, later.
' At a luncheon last Wednesday at
Asheville the quota was. agreed'' uoiT.
anti chairmen for the various commit
nities were named. Intensive work
in raising the fund will begin simul
taneously throughout Western North
Carolina on December 1.
Senator Henry Robertson of
Franklin, has been namcd locai
chairman for Macon county.
Organize Bible Class
The' young men of 'the Franklin
Methodist church at a' banquet -to be
served at the Hotel Franklin Thurs
day evening will organize a Sunday
school class to be known as the Wes
leyan Bible Class. At : this meeting'
a president, vice-president, secretary
treahurer, - teacher - and assistant
teacher will be-elected. The following
committees have likewise been agreed
upon and will be appointed: Social
Sick, Membership and Class Exten
There will be no charge for the
banquet and all those who 'may be in
terested in joining the class are cor
dially, invited to be present. Present
indications signify a large-attendance
at the banquet. ; , r '
trained troops spring immediately tc
action from all walks of, life at time
of national emergency, r .
A' dimcult gaint you sav? Yts
assuredly it is and because of its dif
ficulty the Forest Service is deter
mined to get, all possible experience
from this Unaka Mountain , (ire one
of the ,50,000 which ; cams so close
heme to you pe.iph of Eastern ir-
nee and South weft' -:Virni - v-"Thr
I cderal and State Orgamzatwrn -iff
just entering the so-called fall fire
season, following a summer douth and
fires and it is the duty of every public
spirited person to be careful with fire
in his home, his town., his woods, and
us neighbors woods. . ;
... . .
TO BE ENLARGED
k " " " "I
Owner of Oak Hill, Two
Miles West of Franklin,1
Plan Addition and Exten
sion Improvements, j
..'""' ' . !
Oak Hill, one of Franklin's best'
known summer hotels, located on the
Murphy road, two miles west of
Franklin in a beautiful grove of oaks. 1
from which it takes its-name, is to
be remodeled. This delightful hotel
which has enjoyed a large patronage 1,
during the tourist .seasons of tne oast
several years now contains 30 bed1
rooms. According to Mrs. Iris Ml- i
ler a spacious dining room and U
J !! L .JJ.J it.
Dea rooms win oq aaaeu in ine near
future. - The present annex will be
moved to- a place beside the main
building. Both the main building and
aannex will be completely remodeled
and private and connecting baths in
stalled. An immense fitting room with
French windows will be an attract
ive feaature of Oak Hill when present
plans are carried out.
Mrs. Miller also plans to construct
a handsome terrace along the front of
the main building. t
Oak Hill has a private water sys -
tern, the water being obtained from a
bold spring on the "mountain back of
the buildings. A private lake used as
a swimming pool is located near the
hotel. Electris lights will be installed
using current from the municipal sys
tem by extending the wires from the
home of Mr. George Slagle to Oak
When these contemolated imorove-
ments are finished, Oak Hill will be
one of the" most attractive summer
hotels in Macon countv. No Hnnht
the many conveniences planned will
fill the hotel tc capacity next sum
mer.' .:. , ''
CAROLINA REALTY COMPANY '
BUYS MAIN, STREET LOT
The Carolina Realty Company has
purchased the lot on which EssiVs
market now stands. Considering the when Homer Mashburn lowed as
,depth of this lot the land probably how a Cercopithecida doesn't have
sold for the-highest price, per front feathers but hair. This artnounce
foot, in the history of Franklin. The; ment completely flabbergasted the
sale was consummated on the basis doctor, so he again consulted his
of $116.50 per front ft
The plans of the Carolina Realty
Company concerning this lot have "not
been announced. It is intimated, how
eve.; that the lot was not purchased
as an investment,, but
with the ol).
jeet of improvement. ,
Report of Franklin Chapter
American Red Cross
The officers of the Franklin Chap
ter of the American 'Red Cross de
sire to .subrtjit the year's report of
the activities of the chapter to, the
following citizens who compose the
Will Sloan, Houghton WiX'fiams,
H. E. Daniels, George Guest, E. W,
Alfather, J. W. Street, R. P. Russel
John' Gribble, W. B. Lenoir, G. E.
Joines, Jess Coleman, W. E. Jackson
A. W. Horn, Claud Calloway, S. A.
Harris, Rev. A. j. Smith," Rev. E.
J. Pipes, Dr. W. A. Rogers, Dr. C. D.
Baird, Dr. W. E. Furr, Miss Irene
Weaver, Mrs. J. S. Sloan, Ms. S. R.
Joines, Mrs. A. J. Smith, Mrs. G. B.
Brinkles, Mrs. Nan ' Jacobs, Mrs.
Robert Calloway, Miss Carolyn
Sloan, Cornelia Srru'th, Mrs. J. R
Morrison, C. O. Ramsey, Mrs. J. S
Trotter, C. R. Cabe, Fred Epps, Mr.
Baldwin,-Miss Margaret Rogers, Mr
Crawford, Mr. Cotteyj Frank Mur-
ry, M. u. tunings, j aKe ueai, Mrs,
W. C. Cunningham, E. W. Long, R.
L. Porter, Jack Stribling, Joe Ashear
Miss Lassis Kelly, Jim Roper, Jim
Mann, Emery Hunnicut, Dick. Hud-
son, sam Kogers, frank. Kay, Jr.,
i Gilmer Jones, Jlomer Mashburn, Mr.
Hames, George Patton, , Mr. Mc
Guire, Henery Cabe, Sue' Hunnicutt
S. H. Lyle, jr., Mr. Fendergrast, J
B. Lyle, J. S. Conley, Mr, Brcwn, E,
S. Hunnicutt, Lee Crawford, 'Kay
Penland, J. W. Kanaday, J. V. Arren-
dale, Lee Leach, Alex Kinsland, U
! T. Wittier, R. A. Patton, T. W. Por
' ter, Hai ry Shepherd, Roy Cunning
ham, Bell Shepherd, A. B. Slagle, J
H. Mashburn, T. W. Kaiser, R. W.
Shields, C. K. Cunningham, H. G.
Robertson, Rev. W. M. .Smith... D. G
Stewert, H. Hearst, Dr. S. H. Lyle
John Thomas, Mr. Lahon, A. W
Higdon, Henderson Calloway, James
Houser, .Dr. Angel, Sam Franks, H
O Essig,, J. M. Porter, Bill Moore
Hugh Leach, Dr. F. T. Smith, B. T.
Franklin, C. T. Ingram; W. B. Fer
' guson, R. D. Sisk, Dr. Pearce.
1 line nuiiuicu aiiu vi&
. . . . . ime 0.11 Toll
our town answerea me
'nf the American Red Cross, ine
dues paid by these metriDers anmu.u
ed to $108.00. Half of this amount
was sent to National Headquarters
at Washington for world work, and
the other half was used for local
emergencies. I addition :to Ithe
dues paid in, one dollar and a halt
was eceived from the sale of some
potatoes, given to the cnapier,
tvk. pvnpnditures ' of the
branch, have .been as follows:
. Ten dollars to Miss Myers
nursing Mrs. Larkin.
Eight dollars to C. S. Ray for fam
;i,r r.f Pliiah Rooen
"Two dollars to Mrs. R E. Hearst
for moving picture for Junior Branch.
Two dollars and sixty
firi-ilir in dire need.
Eighteen dollars to Angel hospital
for treatment ot bany irom ridib.
Ten dollars to Lester Dill, whose
home burned down. ,
s v- dol ars ana nny ceius iu ana
Gunner for railroad fare home.
One dollar for lodging man in
ne& dollars and seventeen cents for
nillows etc.. for Joe Henry.
Jiwv" , . ......
Viv rfnl ars and seventy-live ceni;
' . ' 1 f
for sheets, pillow cases, etc., for Jot
Henry. , .
Two dollars for stamps and tele
grams,. ' ' . 1 1 '
Total expenditures of $72.02.
There were two telegrams relating
to emergency cases received and an
swered after the cases had . been
Hooked into. There have been in-
vestigations made and reports sent
in on eight war cases. Dozens ct
letters have been received and an-
swered relating to these and other
: Truly it is our duty to join the
What Is It?
Mr. Theodore Kiser, recently set a
steel trap and caught something. It
has feathers and wings and, the faoe
of a monkey. Theo made a record
trip to Franklin, bringing 'his catch
with hirri, and consulted Dr; Oscar
Xshe. an authority on curios. Dr.
Ashe spent several hours reading
many big volumes of an encyclope
dia. At first he was in doubt as to
whether Theo's capture was .a Cer-
coDithecida. mangabey, guenon.'guer-
aza or. a langur. The doctor was quite
sure it was gregarious and eminently
arboreal. ' .Oscar had about decided to
call the captive a Cercopithecida
dusty tomes ana hnally announce
Theo's capture to be a member cf
the family, Coraciifermes, wMch be
ing translated means a monkey faced
owl. The boys call it Cora for short
Cora was kept on exhibition t the
Franklin Pharmacy for several days
Met at Court House Last
Friday and Organized Ma
con County Farm Board.
A few representative farmers met
at the office of County Agent Arren
dale last Friday morning and per
fected an organization to be known as
the Macon County Farm Board. Mr.
C. W. Henderson of Greiss was
elected president and Mr. J. S. Gray
of Route Two, secretary.
After the meeting was called to or
der, ' Mr. J. W. Goodman, district
agent, made an interesting talk and
presented a few statistics relative to
the farms of Western North Carolina.
To Mr. Goodman the average annual
income from the farms in this sec
tion of the state is $558.05. The aver
age interest paid on farms and equip
ment by each farmer is $209.98, leav
ing a net income of only $348.07. Sixty-three
per cent of the farm area in
this section is in timber land. ,
Money producing crops in Macon
stand in the following order: corn
dairying, truck crops ,and poultry.
An excellent program was submit
ted by the county agent and by vote
was adopted by the Farm Board. If
this program is carried out (and there
is no reason, why it should not be),
the 'results upon the farming industry
in the county are expected to be far
reaching. It is intended to organize,
similar farm boards in all western
counties of the State and to federate
these various boards so that the
farming industry , for all Western
North Carolina may be carried along
on similar lines. . ,
During the couse of the meeting
mention was made of the tourist
trade which is expected to exxceed
all previous records :. next summer.
These thousands of tourists will re
quire milk, butter, eggs, poultry,
fresh vegetables,; fruit, etc. It is con
fidently believed that !there vtfUbe
an excellent home market for all
these things next tourist season.
The program adopted by the farm
board is as follows: ,
Five calf club members,
. Three cars of dairy cows,
Silo and dairy barn campaign,
Stock beets and soybeans for dairy
i 2. Poultry :
Fifty adult poultry demonstrators,
Two hundred Junior poultry dem
3. Hogs :
Six. -demonstrators growing two
I carloads pe,r year for market.
5. Fruits : - ' '
Eleven home orchard plantings.
6. Sheep: '
Wool sales and aid in securing
7. Organization :
'Seven community "Farmer's Clubs"
Twelve organized boys and girls
Shipping twelve car loads of poul
try, ' . '...
Shipping .two car loads" of hogs,
Purchasing of lime.
The following resolutions were also
adopted by the farm board:
RESOLUTIONS: It is resolved
that the Macon County Agricultural
Committee go on record as recom
mending the following and pledging
their Support in its execution: '
1. That we endorse the Agricul
tural Extension methods as the most
satisfactory way of using the county
2. That we strongly recommend to
the people of Maccn cd nty the' pro
gram of work for 1926 as worked out
at this meeting and solicit the co
operation of all to the eud of increas
ing the earning capacity of the farm,
We further recommend that, the
farmers of Macon county exert every
effot to attain the following goals:
,a. To use only for breeding pur
poses high producing registered
sires and good grades of seed for
b. ;To establish on every farm
suitable to dairy farming an av
erage ( of 5-10 high producing
'cows in the next three years.
c. To establish ah average of 10C
standard bred - hens to the
farm in the nextv three years.
d. To keep from 1-5 brood sows
on every dairy farm to supply
meat for home and market.
e. In sections suited to the grow
ing of vegetables establish the
industry to such an extent that