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0 / 75
THURSDAY, MAY 12 io,
THE WAYNESVILLE MOUNTAINEER;
THE WAYNESVILLE PRINTING CO.
Published Every Thursday
Waynesville, N. C.
W. C. RUSS , -. Managing Editor
P. D. DEATON General Manager
1 Year - $2.00
6 Months - 1.25
3 Months - .65
Subscriptions payable in advance
Entered at the post office at Waynesville, N.
C, as Second Class Mail Matter, as provided un
der the Act of March 3,1879, November 20, PJ14.
THURSDAY, MAY 12, 1932
Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatso
ever a man soweth, that shall he also reap. Galatians
Bailey's Views On Bonus Question
One of the latest issues to enter the
political field is the Bonus Question. Especially
is this true of politicians seeking omce lor con
gress. There has been much speculation re
garding the outcome of the present bill to pay
off the bonus to the veterans, but it seems that
the odds are against the boys, from President
Hoover down. There seems to be little chanca
for the bill to get through this session, and if
it does it is a certainty that President Hoover
will veto it and thus detain its progress again.
The only hope, it seems, is that the bonus bill
will be one of the first to come up in Congress
next year, and even then, we believe there will
be little possibility of getting it passed. We
say that because the majority of the Congress
men won't express themselves, which indicates
they are against it.
The way the situation now stands, it seems
that the ex-soldiers will do well to get the gov
ernment to cancel the interest on the remainder
of what is due them. Reports from Washing
ton indicate that many of the senators and rep
resentatives are dodging the question until after
the election,. The veterans are determined
to find just how most of them stand, but very
few Congressmen, we understand have given a
satisfactory reply. About the most direct and
clearest answer yet given was the one given
by Josiah W. Bailey, from this' state, in a letter
replying to a veteran's letter asking Hon. Bailey
to aid in getting the bill through. We believe
that the Opinion expressed by Mr. Bailey ia the
way the majority of the Congressmen feel about
the bonus, and if it is, the veterans will have
a rather hard time in getting the interest can
celed. Mr. Bailey's letter reads as follows :
"My Dear Sir:
"I have your letter urging payment at once
of the face value, !, e., the maturity value of
Adjusted Service Certificates. This is like ask
ing for payment of an insurance policy twelve
years before it matures and prior to the pay
ment of the annual premiums for twelve years.
It amounts to asking for $1,300,000,000.00 more
than the veterans asked for or the Congress
"Let us get the facts.
"Section 201 of the act to provide compen
sation for veterans of the World War reads:
'The amount of adjusted service credit shall
be computed by allowing the following sums
for each day of active service, in excess of thirty
days, in the military or naval forces of the Unit
ed States after April 5, 1917, and before July
1, 1919, as shown by the service or other record
of the veteran; $1.25 for each day of oversea
service, and $1.00 for each day of home service;
but the amount of the credit of a veteran who
performed no oversea service shall not exceed
$500.00, and the amount of the credit of a vet
eran who preformed any oversea service shall
not exceed $625.00,'
"Instead of paying the sums at once the
Congress provided an insurance fund based upon
setting aside a fixed sum ($112,000,000.00) per
year at interest, , lor twenty years, to yi-eia .at
the end of that period just twice the $500.00
(outside limit) for veterans who did not go
abroad, and twice the $625.00 (outside limit)
for veterans who went abroad.
"This was in 1924. This is 1932. Only
eight annual instalments have been paid. Twelve
more annual instalments remain to be paid.
Your reauest amounts to this: You ask for
.immediate navmeiit in advance of the twelve
unpaid annual interest on these unpaid and
unmatured twelve instalments.
"Last year the Congress provided that
.veterans might borrow 50 percent of the face
value of their certificates. All who did so re
ceived the full amount originally asked for in
cash in compensation as set out in Section 201
"In asking for the cash face value of the
certificates you also asked for cancellation of
the insurance features of the certificates, which
are very valuable and a source of real protec
tion to your dependents; and you also ask for
twice as much as was in contemplation wnen
the Compensation was authorized.
"This' Government now owes $18,000,000,'
000.00. Its annual expenditures exceed its in
come by over $2,000,000,000.00. More than
one-fourth of its annual expenditures is for the
account of veterans of its wars. The whole
country is groaning under the burden of in
tolerable taxes. We are under necessity of
greatly cutting expenditures, but even after
cutting them it appears that about one billion
dollars in new taxes must be imposed. Imagine
the effect of this upon a struature already
'To pay $2,400,000,000.00 is $1,300,000.
.000.00 more than the soldiers ever asked, and
it is more than the Government can pay with
out running grave risk of impairing its capacity
to take care of disabled veterans ; and is twice
the compensation provided in the q law under
which you lay your claim.
"The idea that the Government can issue
bonds is not well founded. Such a course would
add $80,000,000.00 a year to taxes, and, since
the $2,400,000,000.00 must be paid, it would
impose this amount in taxes to be paid some
time. Moreover, the Government cannot safely
issue further bonds than those already outstand
ing and made necessary by the current deficits.
Its credit is well-nigh exhausted.
"There are those who say that all the Gov
ernment has to do is to issue the money. There
is nothing in this. Money must have value, and
value comes of labor. Every dollar the Gov
ernment spends must be derived from taxes.
This is fundamental and elementary. Every
tax is a tax upon human labor no matter haw
or where imposed.
"And there are those who say that to issue,
one way or another, and to distribute $2,400,
000,000.00 to the veterans at once would relieve
the depression. There is nothing in this. We
paid out to the veterans last year $1,500,000,
000.00. Did this relieve the depression? Since
1918 we have paid out to them more than $6,
000,000,000.00. Did this prevent the depres
sion ? If to pay out $2,400,000,000.00 now would
relieve the depression, why not issue $10,000,--000,000.00
and pay it out and so have prosperi
ty? We pay for the account of the veterans of
our wars every year now about one billion dol
lars, one-fourth of the Government's expendi
tures. Does this relieve the depression?
"I am in favor of taking care of the dis
abled veterans, of paying the compensation
certificates according to the law under which
they were provided, and of maintaining this
Government on sound principles to the end that
it may continue to exist for those who went to
war for it and all others who love it. To under
take to pay out $2,400,000,000.00 now seems to
me to menace each of these positions and also
to be an impossibility.
In North Carolina last year there were only
sixty-three cases of smallpox reported to the
State Board of Health, and only two deaths oc
ctired from the dirty disease. Only ten years
ago in 1921, to be exact there were 2,513
cases reported, with 31 deaths. At that time
smallpox had ceased to be regarded as much of
a public health problem. But for the previous
half century it was a major problem each year.
Just thirty years ago this spring the disease
killed more than fifty people in one county alone
and left pock marks on the faces of many fine
people which are visible today. It spread death
arid destruction throughout a large area of this
State equal to the ravages of a cyclone. Child
ren today want to know what happened. Many
young physicians practicing medicine today
never have seen a case of smallpox. Why is it
not a menace today? There is just one answer.
-The disease did not disappear of its own accord
nor through the "will of Providence." This
generation of Tar Heels are a pretty thoroughly
vaccinated lot. When the State-wide reliance
on quarantine was abolished twenty years ago
intelligent people realized that science in this
State was willing to practice what it preached,
and that meant a successful vaccination against
the disease is the one and only sure protection.
The school authorities took the doctors and the
health authorities at their word and decreed
that "From now on school children are going
to be successfully vaccinated against smallpox
before they may be enrolled." It took time to
get the practice established generally, and much
credit should be given the really progressive
cities and towns and counties which began to
make the vaccination requirement many years
ago. Credit is also due the State Board of
Health for providing free vaccine through the
Laboratory and to the physicians and health
officers all over the State for their immuniz
ing work. Come to think of it, there is honestly
no reason why a disease which can be controlled
through vaccination or inoculation should ever
be permitted to occur again. N. C. Health
DEMAND GOVERNMENTAL ECONOMY
The increasing cost of government is one
of the highest barriers in the path of industrial
expansion and a return to normal conditions.
In 1913 total taxes were $2,187,000,000. In
1923 they were $7,234,000,000. In 1929 they
were $10,251,000,000. The percentage of na
tional income garnered by the tax collector for
these years was 6.4 per cent, 10.1 per cent and
14.4 per cent, respectively. During this period
the amount of tax per capita increased from
$22.66 to $83.21. A family of five would thus
pay $416.05 yearly on the 1930 basis.
It is customary to blame these increased
costs on the extraordinary expenses made neces
sary by the war. But that applies only in the
case of the Federal government, and in recent
years local and state governments have been
the worst tax boosting offenders by far. This
is likewise true in the case of the total public
debt which increased from $4,200,000,000 in
1913, to $30,200,000,000 in 1922. In 1928, while
the national debt had been decreased $5,400,
000,000 in six years, due to Federal economies,
the state and local debt had increased $5,400,
000,000. The tax problem extends, with steadily in
Creasing importance, through every branch of
government. The orgy of spending which fol
lowed the war and was largely the result of
the inflation of 1926-29 has come full circle
at last. We are no. longer able to increase taxa
tion and public debt without seriously imperil
ing the future or the country. Investors are
frightened, and money is hoarded. Businesses
come to a standstill and more and more men are
thrown1 out of work. Industrial News Review
24 Years Ago
LETTERS TO EDITOR
Mr. F. W. Miller was a visitor to
Asheville last week. .
Capt. R. A. L. Hyatt took a flying
trip to Brevard last week.
Mr. and lrs. J. N. Shoolbred have
returned from Greenville, S.C.
The ladies of the Baptist churca
will serve ice cream, cake and lemon
ade on the lawn of the Baptist church
Thursday and r riday 01 me com
mencement of the graded schools
next week. ,
Just two weeks from today the
moa important election in this dec
ade will be held when it will be de
termined whether the saloon and the
still shall be banished from every
foot of soil in North Carolina terri
tory. 22 YEARS AGO IN HAYWOOD
Miss Lillie SaUetk.vui: savs n
comet party Wednesday night at
Eagles Nest. It was clear and bright
and the heavens were georgeous. with
stellar gems. When the wee hours
lengthened out to 4 they .-aw a lum
inous shaft across the eastern heav
ens which they took to be the tail of
Mr. Ernest Wither is in Canton
this week running the Champion Bank
while Handy Kirkpatrick takes a
Mr. and Mrs. Hugh Sioa.i ;'i 1 Mu
Sloan spent some time in Asheville
Last week little Jeff T:;eve- gave a
birthday party inviting a number of
his little friends. They had a jolly
good time playing games, but par
ticularly enjoyed their refreshments.
Q. Is there any type or variety ot
tobacco that is immune to oiue tooi .'.
A. No. ine disease was lust dis
covered in Australia ana exhaustive
studies have been made for control,
but no species has been reported that
is immune or even resistant. The
only remeuy or control known to scien
tists in spraying with Bordeaux Mix-;
lure and this is recommended for all
beds showing infection. i
Q. Can dahlias tie grown suc-cfrss-V
fully in all parts of North Carolina? I
A. Yesbut the climate of the I
mountains and upper o.j irajnt i
jiiiore --'favorable. The ' 'disadvantage
in climate, however, can be largely oit
,'ct by proper culture and mulching,
careful watering, and the selection
of varieties that are not easily burn
At i.y tr.e hot sun or .troubled with
y. Tne milk from my cow is ropy
after it sours. Can you tell me tne
trouble and give me a remdy?
A. A slimy or ropy condition in
milk is brought about by the growth
of bacteria and usually does not ap-
jar until Vi or 24 hours alter tne
ouik is drawn. The bacteria may come
from the water in which tne uten
sils were rinsed, from dust in the
barn at milking time, or occasioanlly
iiom an lniected uduer. Unless the
infection comes from the udder, it
can be eliminated by the practice of
good sanitary measures which con
sist of milking in a place compara
tively free from dust, cleaning the
cow's rear flanks and uddt r with a
damp cloth, and handling the milk in
vessels ta-.i. nave been tiwrougr.iv
washed and sterilized.
DEAR READER:From time to
time, we shall endeavor to f urnrsh you
an exclusive service of this kind an-
wering some of the many questions
which come to us from your readers
and others each day. If this service
s of interest to you, we will make i n
effort to have it come regularly.
Sincerely, F. H. Jetet
WHY NOT A W031AN ON THE
BOARD OF EDUCATION
The above pertinent question is be
ing asked by some citizens of Hay
wood county. We have been told it
would be useless to persuade a woman
to become a candidate for this ra-
. :u:l -n.-;tn hwllllsl. tO OUOte
a common answer, "A woman could
e nowhere in the matter tu vi.
We think this a reflection on the in
telligence of our citizens, feurely
women can get somewhere in these
enlightened days of equal rightsand
ran no loneer get everywhere
.. ;u,.t- thu holt nf women.
V. Ut.'JUk Hiv - i
No woman would sees, a respunsu'ic ;
..i.i: r.n Shf must he SOUiinv
lor, a woman qualified an brain and
hea-t and lite. Jien rusn in wucic
women fear to tread because they
know they must assume unfamiliar
Since the work of the Parent Teach
er's Association is largely guided by
mothers of communities and is more
and more a power for right relations
between the home and the school, it
would be eminently iitting to place a
woman on the Board of Education.
There are doubtless women in every
section of our community who would
give efficient help in this capacity.
Mrs. J. R. Morgan of Waynesville is
considered by her towns-people as ful
ly equal to the demands of such an
The people of the Lake Junaluska
community wous be glad to see Mrs.
Carl Medford become a member of
this Board. She is widely connected
by family relationships throughout
.he county, and is held in high esteem
for her personal qualities. To begin
with she is a lovely home-maker. She
has the power of initiative born of
nir.naot. oiKoctrr 'nmhined with won
derful tolerance with people of views
divergant ironi ner own. io every
w. ri-hv canso and enteTDrise in the
community she gives enthusiastic sym
pathy and wise co-operation.
It" Mi's. Medford could be induced
to announce herself as a candidate,
would she be given a fair chance?
Mrs. Frank Siler
Miss Flora May Fulbright,
Lake Junaluska, N. C.
"Now, children, we hav
about the duties of ti, c
Con pressmen. .Tnhr.,. "tnatGr
us the duties of the chaplain
"Please tpnphof v,.. .i 1 .
th Senators all v . .. ..'Cl
lot the country." "5
First Barber: "What maU
late." ts i
Second Barber: 'T wa, h' -.
self, and before I kn.-w t"'
'myself into a hair cut and a '
T. D. Temple of Halifax County
shipped the last load of 66 steers which
he has been feeding this winter.
The animals gained two pounds a day
while on feed and topped the market
NntlceaMe Improvement in the
health of 4-H club me'"hM- f . 'u- -
last year and again this year in the
4-H health contest is noted by au
thorities of Clay County,
Unusual importance is .vtu'Hed
by friends of John C. B. Ehririgliaus.
candidate for Governors, to the fact
ihnt four of the former prospective
candidates for Governor have come
out in strong support of the candida
cy of Mr. Ehringhaus. '-,"
: These four men are Congressman
Lindsey Warren. Solicitor Thomas
McNeill, Angus D, McLean and Gen
eral Albert L. Coy, all of whom : y.'-ere
looked upon as possible caiHiidntes
and each of whom would have com
manded strong support 'imm all .'po
tions of the State and on their diver
gent platforms.. All have been f.ble
to come together in their , support
yf Mr. ...Elivingliaus. Only Jo.-ophus
'Panie's and Dennis G. Bri"iii'.mitt. the:
two remaining -prospective canH!af f-s,
have not expressed a preference for
Governor, and Mr. Brumnutt 'being
t-ahditlate to succeed hiniscilt' as At
Representative Warren was never
ronsiderod ;,i a pos?iHe. candidate, al
though hundred of admirers iir;ed
him to become one.
Mr". McLean did consider ,m l as
extensively urged to enter the race;
but finally decided not to .-ho a can
didate and announced his yuri'-Wt of
Mr. Ehringhaus. Solicitor 'McNeil!
spectacular aud outspoken, also con
?:dered becoming a candidate.
The latent prospectiv- l: 1.0 0
come out in support of Mr. Ehring-
iiaus is uenerai AiDert vox, former
oupenor court judge and World W ar
veteran, who would have cut a deep
swath in the votes, especially of (he
American Legion. General C, de
clined to run nnd last woek rnod n
statement, saying that Mr. Ehring
haus has all of the qualifications need
ed to be a succersful executive. '
Lincoln County farmers are mixing
their ferterlizers at home from ma
terials purchased for cash. Good re
sults were secured from this practice
last season, they say.
J R. THOMAS
Is a Candidate for
He is a son of Col. Wm. H.
Thomas of the 69th Regi
ment of troops of North
Carolina in the Civil War.
Mr. Thomas is a former
Representative from Jack
Customer: "Ten cen
.langer: 100 much! Ha
1. TT i
viern: now aoout a nail, M
ttr a...' j i.
i once irieu to teach a lifl
oama Doy to speak pUit
writes vciavus noy Lohon.
forget the despairing vay he
me at the end of the thirtieth "
tietn lesson: "Uey aren't nl
ju, ia utj i aruii 1 you, ai'.i
A Western stockman, whohaj
gaged his cattle to the local UJ
eaueu in uy me DanKer and to 1
me noie was uue ana iiiust ij
fVm fr.llrtAiriMn. Int. Tl.. 1
.. .1 1. iiTTT... Vttt-t
asKeu: were you ever in the I
"No," answed the banker
"Well, you are now,' replied ;J
tleman, ana walked out.
Mr. Bacon: "Did you heat
measiy roosters crowing this
Mrs. Bacon: "Yes, dear."
Mr. Bacon: "I wonder what o'l
they wanted to do that for?"
i . n i ,
itiia. udL-uii. vt jiy, uon t v
member, dear, you got up one!
ing early, ana you crowed ri
for a week?"
Tommy: "Father, what k ;
Father: "Why, er It ahercl
do you ask me, Tommy Dor.
know anything about mythu'J
an; An equinox was a fabled a
half horse, half cow. Its nal
derived from the word: 'equi:
'o".' It does seem as if these I
schools don t teach children ar
WHEN MOTHER SUPPED .
The friends were there from tl
To watch with her that day.
And some remained our heal
When mother slipped away.
Your face was sweet; your
Had placed us in our bed,
But now no other in the land,
Is mother in your stead.
Your love shone like the mormnl
Which fell on opening flowers,
No other one was just like yoai
To brighten passing hours.
We little thought when spriJ
And that fair summer's day,
Her soul would see the m
But mother slipped away.
And sorrow now so filled cur b
How could we long to stay,
No loved one then to make our I
When mother slipped away.
J. M. N'"ff-
1 ; Wayne ;v;.l
BETWEEN A STUFF!
BIIID AND A GOOD SIMRT .
.HE bird's stuffing fits the surroundings.
shin's surroundings (which is the shirt) fit the s
(pardon our way of referring to your torso). Not
do Arrow Sanforized- Shrunk Shirts fit . . . but
the sleeves, never climb at the tails. You just trv
new Trump guaranteed to fit, at . . . ,
G. E. RAY'S SGM