The Waynesville Mountaineer (Waynesville, … /
July 7, 1932, edition 1 /
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THE WAYKESVILLE MOUNTAINEER
Published Every Thursday
1 Year $2.00
6 Months 1.25
3 Months .65
Subscriptions payable in advance
Entered at the post office at Waynesville, N.
C, as Second Class Mail Matter, as provided un
der the Act of March "3,1879. November 20, 1914.
THURSDAY, JULY 7, 1932
A REAL COMPLIMENT
The following comment from the editorial
columns of the Asheville Citizen relative to
Haywood county gives some idea of the high
regard in which this county is held by outsid
ers who are familiar with conditions through
out the state.
In speaking of the condition of affairs in
the county in commenting on the recent special
edition of The Mountaineer the Citizen editor
Celebrating the completion of Haywood
County's new $240,000 court house, the Way
nesville Mountaineer has gotten out a special
edition' which is a credit to it and to Haywood
County. The new court house .which will soon
be occupied, is built of North Carolina granite,
is handsomely designed and admirably planned,
and, what is of great importance, is declared
to be absolutely fireproof. Nothing is of more
importance in a public buijding of this charac
ter than that the papers and records which it
conserves shall be safe against destruction by
The historical articles by W. C. Allen which
the Mountaineer features in this edition will
be prized by those who are interested in the
history of thi3 mountain region. It is hard to
think back to the first log court house which
was built in Haywood, when the county, in 1809,
was carved out of Buncombe. There is at least
on man, in Haywood, Mr. Jeff Hyatt, who can
still rememjber that rude temple of justice,
which was atill standing for some years after
the Civil War, although it was then used for
other purposes. The red brick court house
which the present splendid granite structure
replaces was built in 1884.
r We have greatly enjoyed reading Mr.
Allen's articles and we are glad to know that he
is rtow engaged in writing a history of the coun
ty. We are moved to wonder, however, just what
he means when he describes Haywood as "one
of the average counties of North Carolina."
We wish that it were. Its farmers own their
own land, tenantry is almost unknown within
the county, there is a splendid diversification of
crops, the importance of livestock is well ap
preciated and the industrial development of the
county is advanced and varied and even more
important in the value of the output than agri
culture. Our feeling would be that if the other
ninety-nine counties of North Carolina came
even within hailing distance of averaging up
to Haywood this State would today be the envy
of America and the world.
Mr. Allen is, we think, much to modest
when he speaks of Hayvvooa as "an average
county." But we like his modesty.
VICTORY IN SIGHT
That the next national administration will
be Democratic is now almost an absolute cor
ed against the Republican party due to the
since turned the Republican party due to the
unfortunate condition in whic hthe country now
finds itself, but the Democratic party appears
to have struck the popular chord both in its
selection of a standard bearer and in its out
spoken attitude on the matter of the prohibi
tion amendment. Theie two facts and their
vote gathering influence cannot be overestimat
ed. That hundreds of thousands of voters will
be attracted to the Democratic party because
of them is undisputed.
In the selection of a leader the Democratic
convention' picked by far the most popular can
didate and one in whom the country has the
utmost confidence. At the same time a sinis
ter influence that has been the came of party
disaster and political tragedy twice in the past
eight years has probably been silenced forever.
Millions of Democratic voters who loyally sup
ported Alfred E. Smith and who saw their own
locfel friends and leaders go down in defeat as
a result of that campaign, and millions more
who recall the New York Democratic conven
tion of eight years ago when McAdoo, the choice
of the great majority was blocked in his bid
for the nomination, and all of these recalling
the loyal support accorded Mr. Smith by Frank
lin D. Roosevelt found it hard to reconcile them
selves to Smith's opposition to the extent of
being a candidate. Now, ihowever, in the light
of his assurance of whole hearted support of
the Democratic ticket and especially of Mr.
Roosevelt, much will be forgiven him. The
Roosevelt choice appears to have been excep
tionally satisfying to the tremendous majority
of Democrats in every section of the nation.
The final step which brought about the
THE STORY OF MONEY
Bv Dr. Frank H. Vizetelly, Managing Editor Funk
and Wagnells New Standard Dictionary
of the English Language.
THURSDAY, JULY 77
only according to the stand-
the central government f,
a plot of an old still noUSe s.
-f i? t-ain h
a, SII.CU. tn.
- .1U y
naming of Mr. Roosevelt as the party candi
date, coming as it did from the California and
Texas delegations, and the selection of Garner
as a running mate afforded a climax that weld
ed the support of. every section to the Roose
velt banner and gained popular approval
throughout the nation. Probably no other trend
'that the convention aould have taken would
have been as popular with the people as a whole
and had such a far reaching effect in securing
for the party the support of all factions.
Regardless of what those who have been
leaders in the temperance and prohibition
movement? think or have thought, the time
had come when the prohibition amendment and
its tragic failure could no longer be ignored.
The nation as a whole has for years been clam
oring not only for the people as a whole, but
1? 1 tl 1L A
ior me leaaers as wen as ror tne Dairies a3 v . ., i , , oi.. n,rin "- """-" -:ns of c
. . i-i n . i.u rtH r tt Kn nun. 1 i intf ucou u-. r- o . . n.
cTzamzation to be truthful and trank m deal- wc Z" . ... , ,u''0s tl w value nf t5.
. " ... ., .. . . , . , i, t a, hm- the. vear crested Atnenian nemici, ow- ,
ing witn tne situation, opinion nas reacnta " s. - . . ,..,.,, ThnrHm uo luai- ICWir" w suver
w I y A i Ti - t is a ri
i n: l . .. r it?
. -f"u ior about .
J .... ru w wi
rency began in Octobtr wuB .
halffimea were first m;ntj
AO UMUblUtlVU m w- w A . . I -"Vj,
Genesis, when Abraham purchased a.pernuaswn oi "m' " The first metal punWi f(to
iq!a d n uo. rafarrt tn brass him. cut in uiriuse ""-- rro : to , vu w
As a medium of commerce, money jwere impressed upon the furrency.
is mentioned in the 23rd chapter of1 Julius Ceasar was the first to obtain
field as a sepulcher for Saran, accoru-,e!ngy uu . age was six f -
.. . . . . i . i tUn.as) hv thor who succeeaea ... win
...s . t,j f "u ueuve.,
rrrl to brass him. cut in wise - rra,, : two .
Tradition cred- Dido or of the moon goddess PPe'- jof aiIved ,5ullion
mvney 111 noti - . a lv aicu 'Lruuiun was maH k
;fa fi,a Ionian with havinir inventea ed on tne rwismiu at -inQ . rtf MfltiflnJ , v
4t-- " . .. , , . , Ann . Q1 T? --jinu uu Juv 12
rtlH a nH lirf .rain IftLftQ ITUIH 1UW W uuv . 1 . -rf
coin. Their currency was
This consisted of coins
a point where he could no longer be flouted.
In taking the bold stand that it did the con
vention by a master stroke gained the confi
dence an'd respect of all the people whether
wet or dry in their opinions. a
The tragedy in the matter of prohibition
reform lies in the fact that prohibitionists
themselves, leaders in the cause, failed to rec
ognize the fact that they were on dangerous
ground eight years ago. At,, that time the
prohibition leaders themselves could have
brought about the much needed reform in the
law had they only been willing to have ac
knowledged facts and by so doing they could
have directed the actual work of reform to the
best advantage of their nation as a whole. Con
tinuing to ignore the failure of the prohibition
experiment they have allowed things to grow
steadily worse until the point was reached
where the extreme element in the party has
seized control and taken over the task of ac
complishing their desires. It i3 to be hoped
that whatever result comes out of the effort,
the best course will be selected. However, if
B. C. At Rome, money was cornea ed upon tne iei.iuivu. ,
under Servius Tullius, in the year another silver com oi tne same per
573 B. C. The historians are not al- iod; and the head of Persephone,
toeather sure of their ground, for one wearing a wreath of grain, was stamp-
T J - "
iiHsmv was inaua I I ,. k . .
and the first deposit of gold b '
ior coinage was delivered jn
gota by Moses Brown, a me-ch...
i - ' j .u fua4rohm if
tells us that the most ancient .nw.. ea uin uuC - - Massachusetts
,,,in nd Kvrar-n,. a coin ssued by Dionysius ? 1"sL"li3e", rebrjary
coins axe oi llbu... w6, , - - . ,-, 1TS5. Un July 31 of that v..
date from the fifth century be ore and artistic refinement "' lPst return of gold coinai .?!
Dictionary we were permitted to re-ling of early days. The smallest Jew
produce a Babylonic stater, from ish coin in circulation in Jerusalem
, ., t -k.,t 7ftO R ,ot, r,n lanfnn a finnpr rnin .m-called
i Lyuia, mat aatea irura uum, - o Vw, vtr..
'c. To the editors of that work, this 0n the authority of the Theophylat.
h 'TViftow' mite" refer-
It-j: m ha Wn a !n Ch Hosnel acccWinir to dollars were determined,, an arm,
the first people to stamp money. They Saint Luke, (XXI: Z). in those aays . uie am
I r ... . . c.. .. , i.-vmj i. v. Renresentatives over .
iinrfond or impressed their coins oy tne people were ioromuea w ui"5, " --'un.ei
'.f.ino. Viammprino- aauare in- intn the Temole coins that were not 3 the national emblem, bea
- fc u,
nxr na f nla ll af a on! . U . , .
suitable avmbol for b.h,,. ...
and consisted of 744 half-eagles
first Hplivppv nf aaorlaj ...u- t
ed oi 4W pieces, was made
Before the emblems
cuses into them; But the Thebans did Jewish coins.
'the same. In the first period of Ly-
dian coinage, electrum, consisting of
such is the case prohibition leaders need take jc r ... .. n,Klnn Juno, in whose temple at Rome coins
;f th onnnmnliohmon)- Thair used concurrently with the Babylon- . .
.weight one fourth, and by treating ln
little credit for the accomplishment. Their
chance came years ago. Now whatever comes
will be the result of actions of those who have
finally seized control by sheer force.
It is a Democratic year. A time of glor
ious victory to be followed, we believe, by such
arlmim'arrar.inn nf trip nation's affairs as will
bring a return of contentment and prosperity wfhe obtained the Greek gold start
to the people of the nation. jer 11
According to tne rarian cnronicie
an Athenian chronicle engraved on
Parian marble Phaidon, King of
Argos, was the first to establish a
mint in Greece. This he founded on
THE TASK AHEAD
Moneta was the name given to cur
osir kv ha Rrtmana to indicate their 'i:i i - i ,
three parts of gold and a native alloy ""w " " " . " e ana maependem
of one part of silver, was used. The had been coined m the m-.pUbUc. The opposition wa, w
, weight of the coins conformed to the P of Juno-Moneta (269 B C.). We by Jud(f9 Thatcher, who su
Babylonian silver standard. Later the word money and the word peThap3 a g003e migh
, J . fnnora frho aiirnftma of ' 1.1 t.i.i.
1 m . :l -A.wJ nrao . ww , w. " IH FlLl tjm HM iDeLLer. Tfir IT! uraa
r n a rnon ii'inn m i r- MLiuiUiiiu r cvj 1 a naq a ra
humble and a republican bird,
micht he serviceahlp in ntha-
nraa a tumult fUI, L ..
- - - .--.u " -niWiUUJ
joindeff was taken as veilimr an ins
and a challenge to a due! followed
Judge Thatcher promptly declined
"will trt, Ka kranlaj n
pleases to," replied Thatchar. "I
ways was one, and he knew it, or
1, 1 -i 1 ,.
never wouia nave nsnea seiuuag
To those who have followed
Unnnir liaJ kaaM Wrt a A a
ianF particularly in the sea-trade witn
!the western coast-towns. When Croe- f leather. b,one' 3he nd 3ven P"1"
!sua abandoned electrum, he produced board. A3 Ute as 1574 some of tha
a gold coin weighing exactly a gold coinage of the .Netherlands was pas -Lf.-.
k i,;n, fnp Phnician board. Platinum coins were struck
a""" . . . , , . t. xr:-u
Kussia ov oraer 01 cne sar iichw-
ithe Babylonian standard in the same
las. Tin was coined by order of Charl
es II. of England in 1684. Gun-metal
and pewter were used by his brother
The introduction of copper coinage
in England came about through the
want of an authorized money as small
change, a need long felt but complac-
North Carolina Democrats have through
the primary rtamed their candidates for various
afnto anH fftiintu nffinoa TTVr Vio first imn in
-f XJ i VV UliU VVUltVJ V , A J A. biiV KA&kJU. Villi s 111 1 - -
a number of years a second primary was neces- 1 ctent as the electrum coinage or L,yaia. ,n suver, but the tannings were so
'ithe ' Island ' of -Aezina. and the silver -ently iarnored. At one time farthings,
Miia mint ia almost 3 an- halfrwnnries and nennies weri struck workings of the 18th Amendmi:
mav ue niLerea 1.111 tr lu noie ma: ar
money wa3 ac one lime paia to
1 ILL ' f-.l L .
the allowance of drink-money
To the Greeks we owe the introduc
tion of engraved dies to take the place
;Oi tne ruue puncnea oi me ujumua
sary in. order to select these candidates, yet
there appears to have been very little bitterness
aroused. True the result in some cases wa,$
more or less unexpected. Even the support-
ers nf Rnihert. R. Rpvnrvlda had nn irlpa his mar. 'means of commercial transactions be- counters were issued "ov the exeat of S3.00 extra Wages per month
' . . I J U 1 J . I " J ' i ll .. I..,.. Tl .1 . I 1 : . .... 1. 1 I . . 1 1 J lnll.n.nJ fUA Vi ai,mrv.a mAn
KUl Ui VIClUry WUUIU Oc SUCH a. laliuauut;( Iiur 'twwu uic vuui xmv ."-1 inuuBSLic eiiuiiaii;iiiciiLa miu nau- smuwru iui t.c wucr: ouimitw ut.
small and thin as to be losses rather
than gain to the traders. It was due
to this that the larger copper coins
did any one expect to see the vote of Fountain modities that served as money varied ere who exchanged each other's tok-.
increase as it did. But there are always sur- in time and place. Tin was used in j8ns at sight. The Abbey-pieces were
prises in politics. ancient Syracuse and Britain; iron in aJ large as our silver dollar. They
The result is the will of the majority of -:i Sparta; Cattle served in Rome and generally bore a religious inscription .
the Democrats of the state and should be .Germany; platinum in Russia; lead
nromnt.lv aw.ented auch. The task that lies in Burma; nails in Scotland; silk in
hi to wnrK in tne mint, ine re
No ; spirituous liquors might
r . . ,1 .1 . . I. i , .1 T"l I
in Latin arouna tnem; tne wuremoerg Drougnt mere, rroiane lansss
ahead of the party calls for the united Support China;, cubes of pressed tea in Tattary; '.side and an emblematic device on the
of every element. With vidtory from the
presidency down within the party's grasp there
is no time for the indulgence of petty personal
bitterness. Before every Democrat in the state
is presented one supreme duty, that of sup
porting the nominees of the party.
For many years humorists have made the
party a target for sarcastic attacks because of
the tendency to certain elements within the
organization to go off on a tangent and refuse
.to support certain, nominees in both state and
national electionsThis was particularly true of
the last presidential election when disconted
members of' the party indulged their personal
feelings of opposition to the presidential candi
date and made the election of Hoover one of the
greatest landslides in the history of our poli
tical parties. The time has come when we should
have learned a lesson. As a general rule there
is never just reason why a real Democrat should
refuse to support the nominees of his party.
In the coming election the Democratic ;
party is confronted with the gravest task in
its history and more depends upon its victory
in November than ever in the past. Regardless
of the culpability of the Republican party in
connection with the present business depres
sion and economic condition of the nation, the
great mass of people who have lost confidence
and faith to the extent that they are panicky
have more or less placed the entire responsibi
lity on the party in power and therefore believe
with all the sincerity of their souls that de
liverance lies through the success of the Demo
cratic party. The election of a Democratic ad
ministration will do more toward changing the
present pessimistic attitude of the people than
any one other thing that could possibly happen.
A return of the Hoover administration would
only serve to increase the despondency of the
people as a whole. -
If this nation is to quickly return to nor
malcy there is no better course than through
a Democratic administration. While large
numbers of Republicans realize this and will
vote the Democratic ticket this year it cannot
be expected that they will turn the tide to the
Democrats without the aid of members of the
party in the battle of ballots. If this is to be
a Democratic year, and the affairs of the nation
demand that it be, then no Democrat sh6uld
sulk in his tent but every man' should discharge
his full political duty by casting a ballot for
the straight Democratic ticket from the presi
dential nominee to his local township constable.
Thus will victory be assured and the na
tion cured of many of her ills.
.which is a region inhabited by the other. These were coined in large
Mongols, a. Tarter dynasty known a .quantities at Nuremberg. Germany,
jthe Manchu, having reigned over Chi-(by one Hans Krauwinkel and were
na; salt in Abyssinia; slaves among (imported into France and England.
the anglo-Saxons; tobacco in the ear-
lier settlements of Virginia; gold-dust !
The first gold coin of England was
aTll'lr i n 1 '?T anil A f ,r nj in
; in California during the craze of forty-; when ni introluethl a
nine, a meuiuiu aisu ustra nuoua
lia; precious stones in Africa, side by
side with shells, glass bead, firearms,
and fire-water; codfish in Newfound
land; wampum and shot in Massa-i
cnusetts; logvvoou in Lampeacny;
sugar in the West Indies; and soap in
AFio tiro j n ian rt' "
The coining-presses must be lot
every night after work was done,
the key3 placed in the custody of
Chief Coiner. When artificial
was necessary the watchman a
carry a aaric lantern iui a imw "
den. The watchman was empoe
gold six-shilling piece and a golJito nav a musKet anu " UJ-U
nobel of the value of six-and-eight-. "u " """ - -
nence. It is to the coinage of this order. but to b insp-ctod'. oP.:o
gold piece that the English lawyers f month by an officer whn;e duty it
'traces its driffin.
the first to introduce the figure of ,183b, the work of the a.- .
IMichael and the draeon on ' Enirlish i entirely by hand, then 'team
e did in 1465. The svm- troduced, to be replace,
and then reloaded. V .to r.t
the natives of Bengal and Siam. But
forerunner of that of St. 'own time by electricity. .
r.Qr -j 4-u j. t-. f i:,u stales iviint contains u
the moneys of the civilized races have . of ancier.t coins, as wo ', as a rr
been ma;ie mostly of gold, silver cop- j s 1 of merchants' tokens once m d
per and bronze. The shekels of stiver ; , . ' ..... . , t: tip,V( arc ionic
of which we learn from the Bible as,L 1SCA. .... ...: 5 coins that were struck in Georg;:
having been small bars, and f.rom'V-T miB"1 M" Molina and al 0 in the '
1 k 11 mm j 1'ii.iiuir nn n ( i '-ii r n a t, o m rinn. ; -w....
tarv unit, was first rn npH n 1( fi5 vw.v,,. ,
and its valufl was 20 shitlino r.nfr iCalifornia and Colorad.'. ;le -
issues were of the vatue of 21 shil- - these ' privately issue ! po.d r
I5nr ' SmHo o-ninoor "-h. .were struck by Temp .etn
bPcaunA tbpv hir cnhn assayer, who in 1830 e?tablishea
calf naaf Tha ffrt (1 n i r lvl
these .bars pieces were chipped to fit
the occasion. The oldest coins extant
were made in 800 B. C. but tradition
claims a Chinese square bronze coin
as in circulation in 1120 B. C. Rude
and shapeless, these early coins were
generally decorated with figures of
animals, nymphs, dieties.jalnd the like'
Even while the very fine work of the
Greeks was in circulation and their ; a legitimate copper currency for the
coinage has not been surpassed for
beauty of design metal pins, spits,
and skewers were accepted by the
Greeks in payment for their ptoducts.
Wooden and metal coins circulated
side by side in Rome in the year 700
B, C, and leather and metal coins
were in circulation in France as late
as 1360 A. D.
Uust as cattle are accepted by the
primitive tHbea of Africa when hus
bands go around seeking wives, herds
of cattle and crops of grain served
the same purpose in other parts of
the world. Brass money was in com
mon use in Rome befoVe 269 B. C,
when silver was coined by Fablus
Pictor. The coinage of gold there was
begun in 206 B. C. Iron money was
current in Sparta and iron and tin
were the common means of currency
In the early days of Rome, the
heads of the deities or of 'such per
sons as had received divine honors
zVcAA nnnn tKofVi
n.; n r,,:. I County, Georgia, and converts
beth efforts were made to substitute ld from the mines ir;o co.a.
Coins minted at the d:nei'--
States Mints bear wna. "
pseudo-money had become common in
her time. Then Abbey-pieces were
common, for the privilege of coinage
had been universally usurped and all
sorts of tokens were placed into cur
rency. American currency owes its origin
to Robert Moiris, born in England,
and who came to America when he
was thirteen years old. He was the
first to introduce the subject of a Na
tional Mint to the United States.
Staunch pariot that he was, Morris
was the financier of the American
Revolution.' He reported to Congress
a plan for the establishment of Ameri
can coinage, and chiefly through his
efforts, seconded by those of Thomas
Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton, a
mint was started. An act establish
ing it was passed by both Houses of
Congress and received President
Washington's approval on April 2,
1792. During the Confederation, each
State had the right to coin money, but
'a mint mark' with "the eep-
coins minted at Philadelphia
mint mark is a -letter that st
an abbreviation of the name
city where the mint is locw---The.
Philadelohia Mint is o?:
. . , ... . .inl3 in
coins, WKens, nu "'" :
mismatic collection niyts
of 650 pages, large octavo,
edited by its late curator, M
friend Dir. T. L. Camparet.e.'
Tt contains m&ny examples 9
. - fr.-m
coinage, some uui,
but, it is well to observe tW i
snir,a nrara nftf Hated UtlLi1
!.'. fimir aee'
cenury, ana - .
.ij nnitr w tne .
they bear. The Kings
claimed Hercules as their
axiu ma icau wi "
dem, and the purp'e- "
skin of a lion which is '
(Continued on p?
The Waynesville Mountaineer (Waynesville, N.C.)
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July 7, 1932, edition 1
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