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0 / 75
THURSDAY, MAY 24, 1934
THE WAYXESVILLE MUINTAINEEIJ
W. D. SMITH'S
Vnd Answers On
Trees For Codling
Moth Leaves Residue
lLinty atfi'iit will
i nu-mk'rs ;it tht
, -Wednesday :U, 2:00 p. m
-i Thursday 111, 2:00 p. m
- t'lvi'k- Wednesday mo,
i )uii'- 1 iii'siliyy V
Thursday Ml, 4
Sp: us tr 1 uesilay
eanm.t lit- jn
pest-, or liy
m:l rL"tl inir
.") :00 j cieney leifuei
I duetion. I.(
m. i mean loss t
1 a rmer
es i.iily '.!
' the l'a: r,
: 1 1;
' !! tl!llU;
a . eriaiii
s ..il the
1. here are jjoiul ways nt' t.
moths on apple Iut
'X -pray.- eontainint;' I.
i.;.. -ays p.; . 1'. Metc-alt'. enlo-
'he N. t . experiment
tit imI liny 1
kill.- nun lis. ho
U-e. - '
i oM'l.li'T UKTWEKN- RK
' JU II AND lUOl' CUTS
is .-uppusoil to be a conflict
iin agricultural production- An'ii
irai science eiianle- farmers to
i-rop' yields per aere, and
tin- .mtput f meat and milk
i.f feed consumed. As the
! agricultural improvements
increase in number, output increased
until p.icc- fall- How can all this be
rcvii. ;lcd with the need to make
supply ami deinaml balance?
What would happen were farmers
t,. aeaml.Jii -elence, or even to use it
null Kivatly ile-rcaed elliciency'.'
l'i iv.ui-i nave ! cjntinue plowing,
,avi::i; a nd reaping. But they would I
u--e jioor machinery, pour technique,!
and piinr seed. They would allow
nt-vf mi il i si:l si'S tn lilvno-e their
cnins and would harvest in-eflicientlv ! l''nK
what remained. By so doing they
would certainly reduce the output
But they would do so at a. cost ruin
ous to themselves- They would in
crease their unit costs of production
out of all proportionate any conceiv
able jfin in prices.
Fi'i :n its start the United States
U1J p. m. ce.ssive pn duc
It), 4..j0 p. m. c.nditions k i.- lu-cv-a-
jum in,, output to a , h.i
Action t .ken undo the
AdjustiiK-nt Act of 1;..;::', ;
er.s to pian their prn.uua.
to tftmslorni bl
oroaovisioneil i-iwuiie i ;it
coi rect ilu ic-ui: ,: p
takes. .Meantime -e:i-n:
tneir researcli in
fa. in production
'i l"o Liuenii! i aci i : . ni u -:
in its procution. but
! a : i
e - lie
oi y .pern
mi, j i .
le sclellie in
- po.-,lli!e to
Cltly;- til,, dis
.merit of Agriculturethe State ! lnan eapacity,
ejci aiielit stations anil Staff ,,x. "W ettieieneie;
tiiLsioj) services have promoted effi
ciency on the tarm. Lniciency in the
.L 1 I
ui me worn. uowever, is noij
oJ il sens
it.s economic !il. It
have a full science einb
tiibution as well as the
To produce elliciency !.- t,
tune and enertrv tor otnei
to the em lchment of 1
to produce as elliciently as
would be silly. .Not to reuukite th.
total volume of .production; to relate
it to consumptive demand, also would
be silly. No factory is expected to
produce without regard for the mark
et conditions. No factory is expected
to fail, even when producine; at less
to take advantage of
The siii'e reasoniiiL'
applies to agiiculture.
By Henry A. Wallace Secretary .of
per cent loss when the
are shocked and fed in a
No Waste Feed
When Silo Is Used
) n ami other feed crops lose only
a very small part of the food value
when .-toied in silos as compared with
a i.J 10 JO
This heavy loss of dried crops is
due luigely to weather deteriation
and waste at feeding time, says John
A. Arej , extension dairyman at N. C.
He pointed out that silage is 'the
ijari,t approach to good succulent
June pasture that farmers in this
state i-an grow for winter feeding.
" 'ft also excellent supplement for
pasturaCe in dry weaither.
Either eorn or gurghum can, be
"' d tor silao-p t'Moii,, v,
... mii j nu i ii u in
, Pruduee a larger tonage and more
nutrinu-nt p,.;- acre, but corn is gen
erally pietened by most dairymen.
jorgnuni is easily blown down and is
wder to harvest in that condition.
lauiHinskey and Eureka are the
lu leading varieties of corn used in
s state for ila,ro tu
l e al-o used hv manv rlairv-
j j j
10 desire a inrcror nuniatit'iiM rf
ain than is produced by the silage
,'. ' "' Japanese seeded ribbon
Zl 'b une of the best varieties of
v"Vhurr. for silage. 1
'llif- ,,.n time to plant corn or sor-
gham for silao. k ' -m IK
Ji ,' Lau'r Plantings are more
jvi m drouth.
n.t advent of the trench silo has
Better prices will be paid for to
bacco this year if the . administration
negotiates anotner marketing agree
ment with the tobacco companies,
say ur. u. vv. rorster, head ol the
economics department at State Col
lege. The leading cause of the increased
prices in the 193.' season was the
agreement signed by the tobacco com
panies, he said. The average price
rose from below 10 cents to more than
15 cents a pound.
The size of the crop this year and
the amount of the carry-over will
have some effect on the price, he said.
Nonetheless, another marketing agree,
ment is needed to insure a livable re
turn from the crop
Last year the market waB glutted
with a production of 730.000,000
pounds and the carry-over was 570,
000,000 pounds. "Is it any wonder," he
questioned, "that prices fell lower and
lower as the season advanced until the
government had to intervene with the
The 1934 crop will be considerably
I. !' I'e
. 1 ilV!
a... i 1
. at lor,
he - ,Uel
laetation ii'cessa i
Ii ' line.
liin pounds ol
A i.ooi- ,-a.
1 1 it-1
1 1 -
111 mi in I als d LI i ilig ibis
i.! :e-ull in ail lint In M ty
milk tiroducLion duriiii;
1;. elation period.
What To Plant
co or 1 1-.-v
lieaii-,: Main early planting of
St ring!e,-s d'reenpod, Kelituekv Won
der, .del 'a.-len.
Ile us, Lima:: Plantings bush varie
ties. iM.relhook (large). Henderson's
(large) . Sieva
King of the
made it possible for owners of small
herda to profitably provide their cows
with succulent winter feed. Three or
four tons should be preserved for each
animal. On the average, corn will
produce a ton of silage for each five
bushels of grain-
Travel anywhere . . . any day
Sav b7 ruing tb Soathero t tb
lowest fares vr offered :
J C ptr mile in Coaches
.- One wey tlcktu told d.llr
to enjr point ca the Southern
ileeping and parlor cart
Retard limit 13 d ere
tletping and parlor cart
Ketarn Umit 10 dere
per miU one way in
sleeping and parlor cart
STJRCHARG E I
( small )
lahbage: Set plants now, also seed
now for Lite' spring -transplanting;
Copenhagen Market, Wakefield, Karly
Corn: In garden make main early
plantings of Trucker's Favorite, Im
proved Adams, Country Gentlemen,
oatam Kvergreen. Stowell's Kver-green.
( 'ueu m be. s: Seed Chicago Pickling.
Kgg Plant:' Set plant.s of Black
Beauty in open.
Muskmelon: Seed Rocky Ford.. Eden
Okva: Seed Dwarf Green Perkins
Mammoth, White Velvet.
Peas: Seed last plantings Thomas
Laxton, Telephone, Laxtonian.
Pepper: Set plants in open; Red
Cayenne, Bull Nose, California Won.
Potatoes: Set plant now, I'orto
Rico, Texas White. Nancy Hall.
Pumpkin: Seed Sugar Pie. Ken
Radish: Seed Saxa White Globe.
Spinach : Seed New Zealand.
Squash : Seed Yellow Crookneck,
Acorn, White Bush.
Tomatoes: Set plants now; Banny
Be.-t, June 'Pink, Marglolie, 1'onderosa.
. Watermelon: Seed Kleckly Sweet,
Grasses: Timothy. Orchard, Tall
Meadow ()at Kentucky Hlue, Ilerds,
Rye Crass. Rough Stalk Meadow.
Lawn (irass, Pasture Mixture, Sudan.
Other Crops: All field corn varie
ties; . Hoi combe .Prolific (White);
Jarv.is p'roiifie" yellow) ;' - -Eureka
Pahiunky, f-ilage) ; Cane, (sorghum
and feed) Millet, Stock Beets, Cow
Peas, Soy Beans. Buckwheat.
I'urmg the winter and .-piilig loose
eales on t ln outer bark should be
: raped otV the ti unk and huge
M-.nches. I.ikso scales should 'be
e-.ugiit in a canvass and burned.
' a-- h of a'iy kind under i he 1 1 ee
-nciild ;;1M be removed and '..urned.
i b packing ln-d -hoiiUI be made
moi'i tight, it pos.-ible. aiiii all win
screened in order to keep from
I--' eicli i any moth.- eiiieiaving
; '; .'.! fruit iiir-i.ii- the .-bed. I'ontain-'I-
sllouhl be kept hi moth-light
l'-ii , s or dipped in scalding water
in '. Mile- before - pring.
At.er llie 1 1 ei- hae been .-i-r;iped.
-ho.1 niii. lie iiiind. d to roileci worms
o ':-" the fruit ha- -ei. The new
ihcnncally treated bind.- eliminate
Mi; iieei.-sily of weekly collect km of
v.' i ins, a .j.v the ease with ordimuv
u'-b.and-. Treated bands should
l i leiiiuved in the fall.
Ml obviously wormy fruit, .should
be. removed from the tree to prevent
infection of (he good apples. The
icinainiiig apples will attain a larger
ore when the culls are taken from
the tree. Culls .should be disposed
m a way to destroy .the worms he-ore.-,
t hey crawl out,
. The control of th,. first brood is
very important. At this time sprays
may be used without danger of leaving
'heavy residues, : The lhoiougha(ess
with which the first brood is killed
;;I! 'determine, th,. amount of later
broods to infect the tree.
'The addiiion of oil emulsions or
lish oil to the lead arsenate spray
makes it cling longer to the trees.
should be used (inly during the
Let Work Horses
Pasture At Night
"isoine people believe that hor.-tvi
E hard wo: 1. do no: do well if tin nod
pa-tar ..! nignt. -ay.- I-., V .
its. of the I n. ted Stiites Depr.it
oi Agriculture. "I; has hardly
tiuth tlii.u t lie s;ipio.-ition that
d--i:'.e, thunderstorm will ctirdle
Grass Holds Soil
lol-e- w.ii pllll through A
of hard farm work in much
condition if tl'ey are turned
pas'.uies at night to get Mime
nt food, take a good roll and
the cool air, than if kept up
' a mi.-er. Its lono liiu'eriS
onto the soil fertility as a miser
onto money. 1; nut only nre-
HOYS AND GIRLS join the
Junior Birdmen of America. Learn
about aviation, wear pins and carry
membership cards. All the details
about joining will he found in the
BALTIMORE SUNDAY AMERI
CAN, On sale by your local news,
boy or newsdealer.
Although pastille fed horses will
sweat mole than those Kent oil' grass.
Mr. Short- points. ,ut tint a sweat
ing horse will -ihlolli get a sun
stioke. Gt.iiii and ha should be fed
in addition to the pasture for horses
at hard work and salt should al
ways lie lev.iiliible. because sweating
i educe, t be body's content of salt.
With the tendenev toward over
production of ..lain crop-, farmers
are being urged to put more land,
particularly good land, mlo pastures.
W hite gro-- income per acre m.iy not
be so great a- limn cultivated crops,
the net income from good patu.y fre
quent iy is greater
vents erosion but
me. kiiiii lose- less le.tiiity because
h's.s is i a kt n from the .-oil by pas
ture pi. ins and part of that which is
renovate.) is restored directly through
the manure of gracing animal-.
Land planted to corn on an S to 10
per cent -lope in Missouri and North
Carolina loses la to 17 tons "of soil
per acre annually. Land growing
Iduegras.- or lespedeza loses only
0.S to tl.Si ton per acre Similar re
sults were obtained in a com pari. son
of the native grass -ml and cleaned
DTIed kallii in centra! Kansas, and of
cotton and giasslaml jn Southern
Slates. Decaying grass rts keep the
soil porous and favorable to the ab
soi pi ion of moist u re.
A COKKIK TION
t Week in
over lire iirticli
names given all
the in-1 i! ut ion
spen! a couple
(his paper a headline
about Wake Forest
Of the twenty-five
were not graduates of
some having only
of ye .rs there. We
the misleading slate-
mem that all were graduates.
I OH PRINTING
See THE MOUNTAINEER
I KI'KAYKKS AND 8 MUI-ES- COMfc (JUKK.
R. N. Barher
Your trip on the Southern will be
quicker, safer and more economi
cal! Notiretto change; no trucks to
DeButt9do'g' nonsof the hazards, bother
nuu vaiiw VI UUVIU 1UUl UWUtUi
Distric comfortable tn the tafttj
I'assenger f ,rsin
gOUTHERN PATtY SYSTEM
less, iut a cany-over of MMi.(ino,(il!t)
pou ml- is liabl,. to jiroduee conditions
o-; the market similar to those last
ye,-, i , For.- ti r opined.
If weat i.. r conditions rtisults
in the i;y:!4 .crop ': being . limited to
:;5l.(Ml(l,(M)D. pounds, he said, tobacco
should bring about 15 cents a pound
without a marketing agreement, or
20 to '!'') ei-nts a pound with an efTec-
But if t'm.lMiii iiiili pounds are raised
this ..year, Forster predicted that the
price would slump to an average of
less than 12 cents a pound unless, an
other agrtemeht is put into force.
Thy profits of tobacco companies
have been increased progressively
du ring pas t year.-,. Forster said, and a
slight rise in the pi ice per pound of
tobacco should . have little apprecia
ble effect on future profit..
Walking along with his mother oh a
frosty morning, Billy noticed his
breath on the. cold air. .
"Look, mother,".; he said, "I'm
Took CARDUI During
The Change of Life
Cardul is purely vegetable, harm
less, for women of all ages. Many
women who have used It advise
their daughters and friends to try
It. . . "I took Cardul for weakness
during the change of life" writes
Mrs. Clara C. Allen, of Enfield, 111.
"It helped me and built up my
strength. I also gave it to my two
daughters and they were helped.
I think Cardul is a good medicine
during the change and for girls."
Thousands ot women testify Cardul
benefited them. If It doee est benefit
XOU, consult e pbyuciaa.
g Flashes from Hyatt & Co.
18 to 48
Don't Let The Flies and
Otherwise Perfect Summer When It
Costs So Little To
Our Lumber Yard and Shop Are Ready To
Give You The Best At
PHONES 43 157
AT THE DEPOT