rm-RSPAY, MARCH 26, 1936
THE WAYNESVILLE MOUNTAINEER
j C. Brown Believes Crotalaria Will
' Grow And Re-Seed In Hayw ood County
This New Plant Makes Excellent
Cover Crop, But Stock Will
Not Eat It
Note: J. C. Brown, in charge
High School, h;u
-civil e 'JOii'f
here from Florida,
has naa a 'uc -
. . i. : V, Via u-rltfls
;d about wiiii" r
M iny growers and farmers of Hay.
'i Lvunty have asked the writer
his opinion of Crotalaria as a cover
rrop fr this seceion- Being native
a nn'iion where this crop is used
Irensivelv and having had considera
ble experience with the crop, the writ
r believes a Bhort discussion in (the
columns of this paper might be well
worth while at this time, even though
he does not consider himself an au
thority on crotalaria.
This crop is a tropical or sub-trop-,.tll
pUnt. the first plantings in this
country being made in Florida. The
iliin.ue there seems to meet the re
quirements of the plant, and it has
proven one of the best, if not the
best, cover crop in that state. Cro
talaria is used very extensively in
orange groves and, to some extent,
in the northwestern part of the state
on general farm lands. The Univer
sity of Florida, in co-operation with
the extension service, determined some
few years ago that an acre of crotal.
aria is worth about as much as seven
hundred pounds of nitrate of soda ap
plied to the soil, while cowpeas and
some of the more common legumes
were worth a little less. In fact, cro
talaria was found to stand at the
head of the list of soil improving crops
w hii h can be grown In Florida. The
writer does not know what the com
parison would be with your clovers
Crotolaria will produce a growth
of three to eight feet, depending on
the stand and fertility of the soil.
When sown thickly the stems are
from one-sixteenth to one-fourth of
an ituh in diameter at the base. The
writer has seen stalks, however, pro
duved in isolation which measured
two inches at the base. If a good
stand is had the plants are close to
gmhi r there is no danger of produc
ing such large undesirable plants.
The leaves of the crotalaria are
hroader than the leaves on cowpea
. plant's, and they are distributed along
"limbs" which grow out from the
main stalk. The yellow, flowers re
yemlile those of the snapdragon. Re
needing is assured by the pea-like pod
bursting open, scattering the seeds in
all direction. s
In sections having warmer winters
than western North Carolina, the
plants require about six months for
seeding to maturity. The seeds are
usually planted in March and begin
to scatter their mature seeds during
the first cool days of October.
There are two common varieties of
crotalaria. the Striata and the Specta
luns. There Is verv little difference
in appearance of plants, but the latter
is preferred in orange groves because
of lis superior height and heavier
growth, and also, because it is not
bothersome much as the first va
riety by the green pumpkin bugs. The
black seeds of both the Striata and
spectahilis are easily distinquished due
I" the fact that the latter are heart
Miapoil and much large than the
If there are those who are irlter
in Irving this plant as a soil
btnM.-r top this section the writer
uwg"st the following:
obtain onlv a few seeds, ten to
wenty pounds, plant after all danger
vf fos.t has passed and early enough
' avoid the hot sun. and. finally plant
I he smallest frost would be dls-oM'-ious
and the crotalaria will not
oderate hot sun. After, the plants
re up eight to ten inches the sun
Alii have no undesirable effect on
One of the most common mistakes
s I'lantmg too deep as some of the
est stands the writer has seen were
f. "in seeds planted on a prepared soil
H K ijv SERVICE' AND PARTS
fho OMVER, Disc Harrow, with long
frame. Cut-out or solid disc. The
bed builder. Prices In range with
CARD EN S E ED
Oniou sets. Cabbage Plants, Peas,
"lunadi. Kaddish, Snap Beans, Etc.
TOOLS. POtHLTRY WIRE,
FI E LD S E E D
. Highest Germination and Purity
ASTVRE AND IiAWN GRASSES,
CIjOVERS, lespedezas seed
FE RTI LI Z E RS
Farm Hardwar e
FREE PLANTING GUIDE
Pecially for Western N. C. Handy
chart. Pertillier rccommenda-tUm-
VaynesviIle Phone 344
Canton - . Phone 221
Henry Francis Sows
Lespedeza Seed On
Top 10 Inches Snow
Few farmers in Haywood Coun
ty work as hard or harder than
Henry Francis, and few accom
plish more than Mr. Francis. One
reason of this is that he takes
advantage of the seasons and the
opportunities that Mother Nature
This was proven last Thursday
morning when he put on heavy
rubber boots, and minus his coat,
went to his field and sowed les
pedeza seed on top of tin inches
He explained that the melting
snow would carry the seed down
into the ground, and thus provide
an ideal "planting."
Mrs. Ed Bright who saw him
working, commented on the fact
that his unique method of plant
ing lespedeza was the most sure
sign of spring to date.
Large Mule Weighs
Almost 2,000 Pounds
What is believed to be the largest
mule in the world is owned by R.
Falk Carter, near Reidsville. ' The
animal is five year6 old, and weighs
1,960 pounds. She is well broke to
harness, and takes a 26-inch collar, and
stands 19 hancte high.
Large draft horses sometimes weigh
more, but this ig said to be the larges
Missouri mule to ever be seen in North
Carolina. This statement was made
by a man who handles 50,000 head of
stock each year.
Orowing interest in regard to co
operating with the TVA in hotter farm
management demonstrations has been
shown hy the increase in inquiries
received by county agents of Western
just after a rain, the seeds being earr
ried in this manner to a sullichiit
depth to insure germination. The
writer suggests, furthermore, that
several plantings be made on small
plots, beginning about the middle of
April, or after danger of frost, and
make three or four plantings each
The writer is of the opinion that
crotalaria will grow and re-seed Itself
here and that it would be an excellent
cover crop. However, by no means
plant it with any idea of forage since
no variety has been developed that
will be eaten by any stock. The
writer also states t hat any '.quantity
of seed c!n be secured for ten to
twelve cents per pound, and, although
not in the seed business, names can
be furnished of dealers selling for
these prices. So' far as the writer
knows, there is little or no literature
published on this plant as handled
in the United States.
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tion of the Ford V-8 over previous Ford models.
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PHI I MTV
Application for emergency crop
loans for 1936 are now being re
ceived at the County Agent's Office by
S. S Williams, field supervisor of
the Emergency Crop and Feed Loan
section of the Farm Credit Adminis
ration. The emergency crop loans will be
made only to farmers who cannot ob
tain credit from any other source, as
provided by regulations issued by the
Governor of the Farm Credit Admin
istration. The money loaned will be
limited to the farmer's immediate and
actual cash needs for growing his
1936 crops and in no instance may
exceed $200 to one farmer.
Farmers are not eligible for emer
gency crop loans if they can borrow
from an individual, production credit
association, bank, or other concern.
Farmers will also be considered inel
igible if they have an application
pending with Resettlement Adminis
tration, have received assistance from
the organization this year or are in
debted to the Resettlement Adminis
tration for an unpaid loan.
What "To Plant
Complied by Kdltor Farmers
Edited by W. D. Smith
SWEET PEAS Spencer Mixed.
CABBAGE Set frost-proof plants,
Early Jersey Wakefield, Charleston
Wakefield, Early Flat Dutch.
BEETS Early Blood Turnip, Cros
LETTUCE Seed, in cold frame or
garden: Grand Rapids (curled.) Ln
cold frame only, N, Y. Wonderful, Ice
burg. GREENS Kale, Scotch or Sibe
ONIONS "Potato onion" seeds an
te be preferred.
POTATOES Green Mountain.
RADISHES Oal. .Mammoth, Icycle,
SPINACH Rloomsdale, for spring
and early summer.
TURNIP White Egg, Early Mild..
LESPEDEZA Korean, Common,
Kobe, Tennessee 76.
CLOVERS Red, Sapling, Alsike,
GRASSES Kentucky Blue, Red
Top, Orchard, Rye Grass.
52 Waynesville, N.
ArClClXiSS'S'iieSr in nutrition at
- . nmw ij
As in the past, the security for an
emergency crop loan will consist of
a first lien on the crop financed.
Landlord or others having an interest
in the crop to be financed will be re
quired to waive their claims in favor
of a lien to the Governor of the Farm
Credit Administration until the
emergency crop loan is repaid.
Checks in payment of approved
loans will be issued bv the Regional
Emergency Crop and Feed Loan offi
ce at Columbia, S. C.
A good mineral mixture for hogs
consists of the following:
Limestone 5 pounds
Steamed bone meal ....... .5 pounds
Salt .6 pounds
If a large amount is desired:
Limestone .50 pounds
Steamed bone meal 50 pounds
Salt . .. 10 pounds
Mr. Rufus Page, assistant Exten
sion Forester, was here last week
visiting a number of farmers in the
Fall Garden Con
tests To Close 31st
March 31 marks the closing of the
fall and winter garden contest spon
sored for the home demonstration club
women in the state by the Extension
Department. The contest began Oc
tober 1. 1935. The extremely bad
winter this season has curbed garden
activities decidedly, but it is expected
that some good records will be in the
ofiVe of the home demonstration agent
before April 10, by which time the
two high scoring contestants in each
county must be decided upon.
Monthly records giving list of veg
etables growing in the garden and
the number of times nerved on the
family table during the month are re
quired, and a story of the garden is
to be included -with -the records.
Following is the statement in part
sent out over the state as a reminder
to the contestants and the garden lend
ers and president in the various clubs
at this tinie by Miss Mury K. Thomas,
Other Crops OATS White Spring
Burt, Rust Proof, Fulghum, RAPE.
-.'.Spade or plow in all manure avail
able on rest of garden. Lime garden
if possible, but leave lime and manure J
off potato land. J
Finish all fruit tree pruning and
dormant scale spraying, (spray;
oil lime sulfur with arsenate of lead .
or nicotiiio sulphate, tollow the i
CommmmUM unn thrtmgh
Vi pr month mm unpaid
Standard atxmory Mamp Including
bmmpnrt and spar a tirm nam.
ON TH 1 AH -r Sr-fko.7 QruuMrm.
, r.M. B.S.T. Celasbia KM.
V.Ug. TMfcri aa CHI,
Frifajr, NBC Bl Nmrt, (!)
T.M. B.a.T.Ualu4 Trt Knn
blaH u4 Grmij Cl:t( r.M, WBT.
py i,ne nome aemonsvmuoii agtuii, mi
each county a
few days after the
"State winners will be selected from
among the county winners- after a
study has been made of their rords.
"The gardens will be rated on a
basis of their efficiency, as shown by
the contestants' recorde, and the sto
ries the contestants write about the
"The four state winners will re
ceive prizes of $20.00, $12.50, $7.50,
and $5.00. Equal prizes will be given
the four county home demonstration
club councils which have the highest
percentage of their club members com
pleting the contest.
"First and second prizes to the
county winners will be $5.00 and $2.50.
No prizes will be awarded in a county
where there are fewer than ten con
testants. "In writing their stories the con
testants should not exceed 600 words.
Among the things they should bear
in mind in writing the stories are:
"The family's interest in the gar
dent. Was it planned according to
the family's food needs? Did it prove
adequate? Location, size, and when
planted. Type of soil and fertilizer
used. New vegetables grown, Aver
age number of vegetables used daily.
"Surplus vegetables for sale and
for canning. Expense of garden, and
its estimated money value. The effect
of the garden. Hot beds and cold
The first of April meeting of a
Use BASIC 1'UIA'EIUZBI) FERTILIZER Heoiuse
tests show that we make it Riusic and Pulveriaed the dif
ference in results will more than Pay Your fertilizer Hill.
Leading ISrands of HASIO PULVERIZED FERTILIZER
Rasic Ten-O-Four for com
Knox Vegetable Special for vegetables
Knox Potato (Irower for Pol aim's
Rasic Magnesia Phosphate
In The (Jreen : Bordered Bag Only.
Our dealers carry in stock for your convenience llasic
Pulverized Fertilizer. (Process and Product patented.)
SEE OUR DEALER
Hyatt & Co., Waynesville
Knoxville Fertilizer Company
Owner's record shows
V-8 OPERATING COSTS
Of I rcc than
fO Q MODEL T
.. m mm
V C C
From the records of a nationally
: i known company over a total operi
tion of more than 30,000,000 miles.
Nam upon request.
Number Of Places
jj yf V jjcl VICtJ
The United States tivrl service com
mission ha announced open compete
itive examinations for the following:
Junior astronomer, marine engin
eer, agriculture engineer, junior vet
erinerian, clinical director (female.)
Details may be obtained from the
local post office.
Iyespedeza growing Is on the up
swing in Wilson County. About 20.
000' pounds have been ordered by
growers in that county this season.
Described as one of the quickest
plantings ever seen in I'umlirn Tounty,
about 7S per cent of the potato crop
Is now in the ground.
Haywood county home demonstration
club will be that of the Allen's Creek
Club on Wednesday of next week
Other club meetings will follow on
their regularly scheduled dates. The
subject for the April demonstration is
Egg6 and their varipus, use in the
diet. Good attendance at the meet
ings is expected. Itpite the disa
greeable weather during the early
part of March when' the chibs held
their last meetings tho six rlubs in
the county had an attendance of 71.
With April and what is hoped may
be fairer weather tho attendance
should increase considerably.