THE WAYNESVILLE MOUNTAINEER
A Page Devoted to the Interest of
Haywood Coomilty IT arm 5 in
Farm records were kept by farmers
on 68 demonstration farms in Hay
wood county in lf.'Hi in co-operation
with the county agents, the X. C. ex
tension service, and the Tennessee
The se rescords were submitted to
the farm management department, at
State College, for analysis. Each
record book was summarized separate
ly and then the summaries of the 68
farm record books were taken and an
average was obtained for certain fac
tors. All the figures shown were
taken from the actual record books.
The average number of workstock
for the !8 demonstration farms was
The average number of beef cattle
and dairy cattle 21.04.
The average number of hogs 4,48.
Average number of poultry 51.62.
Average number of sheep 8.85.
It is interesting to note that includ
ed in the average above are 9 beef
cattle farms 5 dairy farms and 1
poultry farm; that is this number of
farms received the principal part of
their income from the livestock en
The average acres in tobacco was
Average acres in corn 10.46 acres.
Average acres in small grain 6.55
Average acres in fruit and truck
Average acres in all hay 6.66 acres.
-And the average acres in legumes
Included in these averages are 6
farms receiving their principal in
come from tobacco and one farm with
its principal income from fruit and
truck. Although 6 farms received
their principal income from tobacco,
.you will note the average number of
acres in tobacco is only .61! acre. The
.fruit and truck average at 1.85, with
only one farm depending on fruit and
truck as its majoi source of income,
would indicate that practically all of
these farms have some fruit and truck
The average cash receipts for the
different items on the farms were
Average receipts for poultry and eggs
Average receipts from dairy pro
'Average receipts for cattle $373.41.
Average receipts for hogs $64.97.
Average receipts miscellaneous live
stock receipts covering sheep and wool
or other forms of livestock or live
stock products not mentioned before,
Average tobacco receipts $247.26.
Average fruit and truck receipts
, Average small grain and corn re
ceipts $35.31, ;
Average miscellaneous farm crops
covering hay and other feeds $3.06.
Average other receipts covering all
miscellaneous sales not listed, such
as wood, honey, syrup, etc., $107.11.
Average total cash receipts
The average cash expense for the
68 demonstration farms for different
Average taxes and insurance ex
Average hired labor expense $127.04.
Average fertilizer expense $47.10.
Average other crop expense cov
ering seed poison material binder
twine, threshing, bailing expense and
Average feed purchased expense
Average livestock purchased and
other livestock expense $125.12.
Average machinery and equipment
Average building and repair expense
Average miscellaneous expense
Average auto, truck and tractor ex
Average total cash expense $789.52
Average total cash receipts of
$1,305.65 minus average total cash
expense of $789.52 leaves $516.13
The figures appearing in the cash
receipts above show that all the farms
included averaged $316.21 for dairy
products and $373.41 for beef cattle,
It must be remembered, however, this
represents an average for all farms
and perhaps many farms received
very little income from dairy products
or beef cattle and some had no in
come at all from such sources.
The same is true with each of the
other factors indicated representing
both receipts and expenses. The com
bined system of all farms represented
by this group, however, must be pretty
well balanced and in line inasmuch as
you will note a net difference of re
ceipts over expenses of $516.12. This
is not a labor income figure, but sim
ply the difference between cash re
ceipts and cash expenses and does
not include values according to the
farm by virtue of increased inven
Some of the factors denoting prof
itableness on the 68 farms are as
Average labor income $372.43. This
figure is arrived at by deducting in
terest on the average investment from
the farm income which farm income
takes into account not only receipts
and cash expenses but other receipts
such as value of farm products used
in the home increase in inventory cost
of cropper labor, unpaid family labor,
and decrease in inventory. ,
Average total cash receipts
Average cash receipts per tillable
Young Farm Group Of Fines Creek
Haywood Farmers Take Leadii
Part In Regional Farm Meeti
Demonstration Farmers From
Here Met With 300 Others
This is the F.
tl.R members have
for the year. Mr.
row, on the left.
F. A. Club of the rines Creek high school
formally adopted a well-rounded program
O'Brien, instructor, is seated on the back
You have wonderful crops this year.
Everything has been in your favor.
So far you have made a profit on your 19-J7 crop, but
usiless you have proper
YOUR MARGIN OF PROFIT WILL HE CUT
How about the roof on your barn?
How about the rat-proof corn crib?
Are your farm implements under a good shed?
Is the paint on your buildings sufficient to hold
against a hard winter?
Come by and let us help you pick out from our stock
what you will need to protect your profitable crop.
Junaluska Supply Co.
I Uncle Jim Says
Overcropping beyond market de
mand makes for price-depressing sur
pluses, mines the soil of its fertility,'
and exposes land to erosion. It's good
business to diversify and grow more
soil-conserving crops on which agri
cultural conservation payments are
T I M ELY-
Question: How can I cure my pul
lets of colds and a croupy condition?
Answer: As colds are usually
caused by poor ventilation, over
crowding, and a poor feeding sched
ule, these conditions should be care
fully checked and the errors correct
ed. All birds showing symptoms of
colds such as a nasal discharge or
foamy eyes should be isolated at once,
The Hock should be given Epsom salts
at the rate of one half pound of salts
to three gallons of drinking water,
Then the house and utensils should be
thoroughly cleaned and disinfected.
Where the disease is well established
t is not economical to treat individu
als and these should be destroyed.
Keep a good germicide in the drink-
rig water as long as there is evidence
of the trouble.
JERRY LINER, Owner
Question: What is the best rate
of seeding for vetch, crimson clover,
and Austrian winter peas?
Answer: Twenty pounds of seed
to the acre should be used for vetch
and from 20 to .'30 pounds for Austrain
winter peas. Both of these crops
should be covered about two inches
deep for best germination. Either
unhulled or cleaned crimson clover
seed may be used, but where the un
hulled seed are used the seeding
should be 30 pounds to the acre as
compared with 20 to 25 pounds of the
cleaned seed. This crop should be
covered lightly with about half an
inch of soil. All the crops may be
seeded in the piedmont and coastal
plain areas anytime before October
10 when soil conditions ar flavorable.
Fines Creek Boys
Adopt Program For
The Coming Year
The Fines Creek chapter of the Fu.
ture farmers of America met last
week and adopted the following as
their program of work for the year
Use purebred seed and livestock
Use fertilizer recommended on crop
Each boy complete two or more pro
jects and plant one acre of soil lm
Pay state dues and agriculture fee
100 per cent.
Establish agricultural museum.
Improve school grounds and agri
Buy and sell co-operatively.
Buy a radio for the chapter.
Raise $50 through club activities.
Improve home grounds and have
Get farmers to secure purebred seed
Establish five home farm shops.:
Each boy to do at least three home
constitution or repair jobs.
Each memorize opening and closing
ceremony and F. F. A. creed.
Send two delegates to state conven
tion. Each boy read book on parlimentary
Have two candidates for Carolina
Conduct two chapel exercises.
Save at least 25 per cent net profit
Read one book on thrift.
Organize school thrift bank.
Attend all chapter meetings and con
duct meetings according to ritual,
Hold meetings regularly every two
Make average of 85 on all high
school projects for the year.
Make 90 or above on agriculture, j
Read books and bulletins relating i
Take part in all the state and dis
Hold one Father and Son banquet.
Attend White Lake camp.
Support school athletics and make
Publish 15 news articles on chapter
Decorate vocational agriculture
show window in business house, and
publish chapter news bulletin.
The Fines Creek, chapter has thirty-
seven members this year. Rowe Fer
guson, senior in high school, is presi
dent of the club Rowe is also on the
state F.. F. A. executive committee.
B. G. O'Brien is instructor.
The demonstration farmers and
watershed farmers of the 15 moun
tain counties held a farm management
! meeting at Western Carolina Teachers
College, Culiowhee, Thursday and t ri
day, September 2nd and 3rd. There
were approximately 300 farmers at
tending the meeting.
Dean I. O. Schaub, director of ex
tension in North Carolina, acted as
chairman of the meeting.
Dr. H. T. Hunter, president of West
em Carolina Teachers College, made
a talk welcoming the farmers to the
college for the meeting. Frank M.
Davis, president of the Regional Soil
Conservation and Land Use associa
tion made a talk on soil conservation.
Other speakers on the program
Thursday, were: F. S. Sloan, district
agent. R. W. Schoffner, farm man-
trict agent, J. F. CriswelL, farm man
agement specialist, all from State
Thursday night, Mr. E. H. Meach
am, assistant farm management su
pervisor from State College showed
some lantern slides of scenes taken on
the demonstration and watershed
farms in North Carolina.
Friday morning, Z. C. Davis, demon
stration farmer in the Iron Duff wa
tershed represented Haywood county
in giving the results of the triple
superphosphate in the county. Mr.
Davis reported that exceptionally
good results were being obtained from
the use of triple superphosphate, es
pecially where lime was used in com
bination with the phosphate. It was
the consensus of opinion of the farm
ers at the meeting that the best re
sults from the triple superphosphate
was obtained where lime was used with
it. It was urged that in the future all
demonstration and watershed farmers
use lime with the triple superphos
phate that they use.
Dr. H. A. Morgan, member of T. V.
A, board former president of Univer
sity of Tennessee, was the principal
speaker of the final day meeting. He
brought out the fact that farming was
in a circle. The soil fed the plant, the
plant fed the animal and trie animal
fed the soil. He also brought out the
nitrogen cycle. The nitrogen fed the
plant, the plant fed the animal and
the animal fed the nitrogen. "By
the above cycle we grow our nitrogen
Farmers To Mee
I V 1 ...
..vi.. me .North ( arulina
partment of ASricUtUre
meet with seed dealer
interested farmers at the
Vl Alton m !
uac in aynesville
Thursday, September 9 at
p. m. The new seed law
be discussed and a moving
niu in; snown stress
i.iv i.uiui lunie oi pure sf
bv growinc Wimn. .
. " " ,. . "r -''" its;
"j ....... u i (inospr.ate at n
oi animais, ne saJ.
Dr. Morgan, so pl,,us v
meeting that he urged it be held
Thursday evening a milking
test was held and Jams H. A!
aemonstration tarnier m the War
viile township won second prUe,
, in tne "ureasy contest, Fj
iu. uavis, v aynesviiif, won first
by being the first one to catch thr
It was voted to hold a similar rd
ing next year of longer duration
also have the women present.
hoped that it can be turned ir.
farm and home week for the wes
part of North Carolina.
v ranK ai. Uavis was re-elected
the president of the regional soil
serration and land use associatioif
Osborne Grows Fine
Crop Of Silage C
A field of silage corn at the
borne farm. This field of E-i
Silage corn will average 17 feet :
This field has been in corn app:
mately 20 years, Each year a:
cover crop consisting of cr;a
clover, vetch, wheat, rye. anJ
oats is sown and this is grazed i:
winter and early spring. The la:
manured each year.
acre $4(5.73. This figure simply rep
resents total cash receipts divided by
the number of acres in cultivation. It
is misleading in the case of dairy
farms having a small acreage in cut
tivation and large pasture facilities.
Average total cash expense $789.52;
average total cash expense per tilla
ble acre 28.26. This figure is simply
a total cash expense of the farm di
vided by the number of acres in cul
Average investment per farm $10,
369.47. v :
Average acres in farm 158.15,
Average acres in cultivation 27.94
. Average acres in improved pasture
Average crop returns per tillable
Average livestock return per trni-
mal unit $47.41.
This figure is arrived at by taking
the total production livestock receipts
(cattle, hogs, poultry, and sheep) plus
any increase in production livestock
inventories by the number of animal
units on the farm.
An animal unit is thought of as 1
mature cow, bull or steer, 2 heifers or
calves, 100 chickens 5 hogs, 10 pigs
7 sheep, 14 lambs or 33 turkeys. Av
erage number of source of income 2.8.
Big Grain Crop
Makes Prices On
Flour Take Drop
The northwest's big grain crop now
rolling to market has pushed Whole
sale flour and mill feed prices to new
lows for the year, but consumers, flour
observers agree won't benefit until
most of the crop is in.
Hesitant to predict a definite price
drop in the product for home con
sumption, millers said much depends
on the grade of spring wheat from
the northwest territory in regard to
its flour making qualities.
Family flour dropped to as low as
$6.65 a barrel from a price of $7.65
on July 18. A barrel is equivalent to
two 98-pound sacks.
Sent into high price levels early in
the year by last season's drought and
the uncertainty of the present crop.
family flour was quoted up to $8.50
a barrel on April 7 last.
Bran, flour milling by-product used
for feed, likewise has dropped cor
respondingly. Pure, or ton grade
bran, was quoted at $18 to $18.50 a
ton compared with a top of $35 dur
ing ;last year's drought influenced
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