(One Day Nearer Victory) THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 9
THE WAYNESVILLE MOUNTAINEER
. ,t. .t.
THE WAYNESVILLE PRINTING CO.
Main Street phone 137
Wa.wi-esville, North Carolina
The County Seat of Haywood County
W. CURTIS RUSS Editor
Mrs. Hilda WAir GWYN Associate Editor
W. Curtis Russ and Marion T. Bridges, Publishers
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."itorth Carolina vv
THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1943
(One Day Nearer Victory)
In our mails during the past week came
a letter from a printing press company ask
ing us to give them some ideas as to our
printing press equipment needs for a period
of four or five years after the war. It
sounded on first glance as a pretty big order,
and a shot in the dark, but on second read
ing we recognized the sound business policy.
Any business of today that is going to
survive the future ups and downs and the
present problems will have to look ahead
to planning after the war.
The manufacturer of machinery and sup
plies will naturally want some idea of what
will be needed. If this idea of planning
ahead is followed by the business world in
general industry can be geared to meet the
needs, rather than be forced after the war
to slow down for lack of foresight of the
More Women Needed
With the large number of women who
have left homes for jobs outside since the
beginning of the war we were surprised to
learn this week that there are still more
than 4,000,000 women under 45 without
small children who could go to work, if
If the selective service continues to draft
men for the army, the women might as
well make up their minds, even though they
have never sought employment before, they
will have to be drawn into the factories.
While the War Manpower Commission has
threatened to draft them, Paul V. McNutt
of the Commission contends that they will
have to be "persuaded."
Maybe you are right, Mr. McNutt, it
might prove to be the better policy, to appeal
to their patriotism, rather than drive them.
We have heard for many years of the
struggles that the graduates of our county
schools have when they enter college in
competition with students from other sec
tions who have enjoyed the privileges of at
tending a nine-months school term. Their
complaints have been justified, for only in
rare exceptions with a brilliant pupil has
the lack failed to handicap the student.
It has been a hard fought battle in North
Carolina to get this extension of the school
term. It is rather surprising that even in
this critical era this greater opportunity
should come to our children. Perhaps it
was the emergency which helped the legis
lators and the public in general to a realiza
tion of the benefits to be derived from this
The state has given this advantage, but
whether or not it is reflected in the educa
tion of the rising generation remains with
the parents and the students. It should
mean a greal deal, both to the student whose
education in the school room will be closed
when graduated from high school, and to
the student who will continue his education
Still, the destruction of life in the Orient
is no worse than that in the Accident.
Blessed is the child whose parents never
lied to him.
What Does Payment
We were interested in an editorial which
appeared in a recent issue of the Christian
Science Monitor, excerpts of which follow:
" 'Victory and secure peace are the only ;
coin in which we can be repaid.' This state
ment by President Roosevelt brings the
question of war debts right down to funda
mentals. "It is time now that lend-lease is run
ning at the rate of $1,000,000,000 a month
and has already greatly exceeded the total
of war debts incurred by American Allies in
World War One that heroic efforts were
made to fortify American opinion against
inroads by demagogues and isolationists
after this war. Lend-lease books now be
ing kept in Washington may otherwise be
come the 'Mein Kemps' of many politicians
who otherwise could not find a platform on
which to stand.
"President Roosevelt in his latest report
on lend-lease goes farther than he did when
he described the proposal to the press in
December, 1940. At that time he warned
against the concept of repayment in money,
offering as a substitute the hope of repay
ment in kind.
"But the important thing for the Amer
icans to remember is that repayment is be-;
ing made every day a Russian, or a Briton,
or any member of an Allied nation makes
the supreme sacrifice for the common cause.
"To pass from the morsal aspects of the
question to the dollars-and-cents angle: Do
Americans want to be paid, either in money
or in kind, the enormous amounts now be
ing consumed on battlefields? They did not
show themselves ready to accept payment
last time. Unless Americans show greater
willingness to accept goods from other na
tions in the future they might as well de
cide they do not want payment.
"The latest statement by Mr. Roosevelt
forges ahead of both the concept of pay
ment in money and payment in kind. It
puts the emphasis where it belongs on the
necessity of victory and the value of a se
cure peace. A generation of Americans
reaching military age in another 20 years
will thank their predecessors more for these
things than for keeping the financial ledgers
neatly balanced between wars."
HERE and THERE
HILDA WAY GWYN
We wonder if people ever grow bus riders ... it seemed that Bob
too old to find themselves failing jbie McElroy was the last to leave
to respond to memories of the past the bus on his route. . . In
when they see small children going
to school . . . just the sight of the
little first graders last week on the
S. H. Hobbs, in a recent issue of the Uni
versity News Letter, points out that getting
married is good insurance against getting
in prison or the poorhouse. This deduction
is made from a survey made as of April 1,
1940, of institutional population in North
Carolina, which shows that 59 per cent of
all the inmates of North Carolina prisons,
reformatories, jails or workhouses, mental
institutions and homes for aged, needy and
infirm, are single persons. Two thirds of
all inmates of homes for aged, infirm or
needy persons are single. j
Another interesting deduction is that1
when the survey was made, only 100 college
graduates were in all the institutions men
tioned while one half of the institutional
inmates in North Carolina had not gone be
yond the fourth grade. One fifth had had no
schooling at all.
Inmates of State institutions on April 1,
1940, totaled 25,680. In prison were 8,81(5;
in jail or workhouses, 3. ."03; in homes for
aged etc., 2,176; in other institutions. 83.
The Smithfield Herald.
opening day of school gave us a
passport into the past . . . and in
a flash we were back in the old
red (and we mean red) brick build
ing which once stood on the grounds
of the Central Elementary . . .
Miss Sallie Roberts was our teach
er .. . that first day stands out as
one of the longest we have ever
known ... we wore a blue checked
gingham dress our mother had
made especially for the occasion
. . . it had a pocket in the folds of
the gathered skirt . . . and we re
call that we had a large yellow
apple . . . from the tree near the
barn at home ... we were simply
scared to death ... for fear we
would do something to make the
teacher call us down ... as she
was having to do some of the boys
. . . we thought we had never seen
so many children . . . somehow the
smell of chalk on a blackboard
makes us remember that day even
now . . . when we got home it seem
ed so good, but we had taken our
first step into the world . . . and
we felt a grave responsibility over
being a member of the first grade.
Monday we visited the Hazel
wood and Central Elementary
schools . . . then later in the week
we took a turn in East Waynes
ville . . . and we saw just that
look on many little faces . . . they
wanted to make good . . . but it
was all so hard to understand . . .
there was so much to learn that it
was all confusion at first . . . Haz
tlwood had just dismissed for the
day . . . but the teachers were in
their rooms . . . rather going back
and forth from the office of Law
rence Loatherwood, principal . . .
with arms full of books . . . get
ting organized for thiir work . . .
15 teachers . . . with 549 students
enrolled . . . running into Mrs. Ott
Ledbetter, she said, "Just think
after H) years I have been promoted
from the 1st grade to the 2nd" . . .
we felt very much flattered when
one little girl shyly came up and
asked with a smile . . . "Are you
one of the new teachers?" . . .
ing we noticed a poster on the
wall . . . "Till we meet again," a
soldier waving farewell . . . "Buy
War Bonds' . . . and the thought
came, would there be another tvar
. . would these children grow up
to be forced to take up arms . . .
as those who came on during the
First World War were having to
do today. . .
Then we came over to Central
Elementary ... we love the trees
on the grounds . . . perhaps it is
because some of them were planted
on Arbor Day when we went to
school there in the "old building"
. . . there were 49 first graders . . ,
all settled down, as if they had been
going to school a month . . . listen
ing to a story read by Martha Way
one minute . . . and taking a bit
of exercise under direction of Miss
Patterson the next . . . little Mar
guerite Russ looking very much at
home, after her kindergarten ex
perience . . . Bill Crawford intent
on drawing . . . and two small girls,
twins in blue, reminding one of that
old song . . . thn ,into Miss Mar
garet Burgin's room ... to find
that she had stepped into the office
about something . . . but not one
sound in the room in her absence
. . . those who has brought lunches
were given permission to eat . . .
teacher back, they sang for me. . .
Then into the room of the prin
cipal Claude Rogers. . . who teach
es the Cth grade . . . they were deep
in the outline of a geography les
son . . . we made a casual survey
of what they wanted to do some
day ... 8 boys wanted to be pilots
and two girls . . . but in the crowd
I much to our surprise there were
, no would-be doctors, lawyers, mer
1 chants, and farmers . . . the latter
they claimed was too hard work
... one boy wanted to join the
navy, anil 2 the marines , . . and the
j nursing profession was the major
field the girls chose. . . Then we
1st upped by to say hello to Stephanie
; Moore ... in the !!nl grade . , .
anil her pupils were deep In
the study of vowels ... In the en
tire school the enrollment reached
nil the tirst day. . .
A Serious Problem
There will be 13,000 class rooms in the
United States closed this month that should
be open, according to a recent survey, all
because of lack of teachers. They have left
their professions to enter other and better
paying jobs. They have their side, and far
be it from us to pass judgment on them
for leaving the academic halls for the hum
of industrial plants.
We do feel that after the war, while many
of them will come back into the teaching
profession, as in other fields, there will have
to be adjustments made. Teachers will
have to be recognized for their real worth
and the vital part they play in the life of
Perhaps there will be a silver lining to
the adjustment period. Those who really
are "called" to teach will return and those
who are merely following the profession be
cause it happened to be the line of least re7
sistance, will drop out and find other forms
of permanent employment.
"And on the other hand," says Optimistic
Olive, "this is a kind old world because it
doesn't expect pretty girls and women to
have much aense."
We made the rounds taking in
the auditorium, which is a very
attractive room ... as we viewed
the lovely light blue of the walls
and woodwork . . . and then con
trasted it with the usually neutral
tones of the walls in school rooms,
we wondered why class rooms
can't have more color . . . perhaps
we are all wrong . . . maybe in
stead of giving an uplift of spirit
. . . somebody might be allergic to
a certain color . . . and from the
psychological influence it would be
all wrong to turn to colors. . . In
the kitchen things were being put
in order . . . mammouth pots and
pans being scoured for use . . .
the Hazehvood school is by far
the most pretemtious elementary
school in the district, but after all.
what held our attention longest
were not the buildings, but the
children . . . they were all so nice
and clean . . . even the little bovs
hadn't had time to get that muse'd-
up look that boys just get after
tussling about ... a large number
were waiting on the bus to take
them home . . . some up at Balsam
Gap . . . Allen's Creek ... and
Saunook . . . but in the crowd were
many who lived right in Hazel
wood . . . but they were loath to
leave . . . they had come to school
for the day . . . bringing their
lunches and there was simply no
point in going home to eat . . . so
they sat on the steps and ata . . .
and talked about school ... a lot
of fist fighting and challenging
looks between small boys . . . they
. . . r, t I 1 1. 1
ju" "iue use mat . . we
Wo did not get out to East
nesville until Thursday . .
by then things were settled in regu
lar routine . . . here they have
215 girls and boys ... It look d
strange to see Frances Robeson
. . . from Central at East Way
nesville . . . but we found that
the children love her just the same,
no matter wh re she is teaching
. . . and some of them were so
proud to tell me that she had
taught other members of their
family ... in her grade we found
Charles Bridges . . . with his hair
brushed back like a "teen ager"
. . . we were intrigued by the large
bell on the desk of Frank Rogers.
Six Years of Warfare Have Oriental Allies Parter
Westernized the Chinese National Life ih
WASHINGTON Six years of defensive fighting agar,.,
anese have driven the Chinese people further and fl
Oriental life until now it appears that the nation may
completely westernized by the time the United Nations t a
the Nipponese invaders.
The Chinese have invested almost their entire faith m i
as their savior and the process of patterning their hfe a-
along American lines proceeds with every passing dav "
Movies from the United States have become the i
medium of entertainment and diversion. The buxom M
easily the No. 1 favorite of the fans a-'
have always been sell-outs.
The transition, begun nearly four ei ,
China from an empire into a republic tat6'
about far-reaching effects upon the w0nnr. Th
mHnnnl QArliifiinn nf that co. i
VI? . . U tirrt (ritual Aniiallt.r r,ai,U.l ;., ''"Y
vvuuicii nave uu njwuiitjf , paiui-uiaiiy wun the nt'v '
itance laws which provide that girls shall inherit equally v. ';th b
ers in the division of parental estates. 0 " '" '
Extensive provisions have been made for the education of Chi
girls. English Is a requirement in their colleges with the result
the Chinese language Is slowly passing. Educators estimate tiial
every 10,000 Chinese who can write, read and speak English "t
are only 100 who can handle the Chinese language with equal facl
The classic, aitnougn true example, is that of the gnl fro
prominent Chinese family who was entertained by an English c
on a visit. The lady had applied herself to the task of lea
i -,tj - n . v.- .1,1 . . 9
enougn vnmesc ay mat one vuuiu uuyc iu tunverse, at least slizl
with the girl. Over the dinner taoie me English lady labored to
Iierseil unaersiooa, wnicn omy emuarrassea tne gin
Finally, the girl asKea in peneci n.ngnsn, "l m sorry, but I da
understand tne language you are speaKing.
ine niiieae wumau, nuwcvci, t,um.cuca mtu western dress im
to becoming to her. usually making her appear awkward ar.JF
gainly. The most fashionable attire today is the long coat and t;
ers. made of dazzling Drocaaes, wun me narrow skirt, slit ta
knees on either side.
Chinese tradition has it that a man s spirit will not rest ur.tl
has had a son. The urge for a son is so strongly rooteJ with:
people that polygamy is exercised in cases when the original
does not bear a son. The wife often urges her husband to av
another wife if she did not bear a son.
The first wife remains the mistress of the household and any
eequent wives assist her in the duties of the household. Theni
not infrequently complaints from wives that their husbands dl
wrarry a second wife so that there will be more
hands to help out in housework.
The advances of western ideas are pushing this
marriage system into discard on the practical basis
that the average Chinese husband has His hands full
In supporting one wife. For instance, if the No. 1
wife decided that she wanted a new dress, the No. 2, and pen
other, wives would clamor for a new dress which might be
than the man's pocketbook could stand.
From the war China expects that her conquered provinces v$
restored. The Chinese have already made known to their allle:
they want the island of Formosa returned.
Chinese statesmen have also expressed a repeated hope thi
rich provinces of Manchurland Korea, which have been expl
by the Japs, will be returned to her.
The government has agreed to the principle of exclusion an
not ask for the right to send her peoples into other of th tf
Nations, However, it is hoped that close economic and politic
-witohr. rillei. will, become permanent part of China's nations
heard Miles Stamey read . . . and
much to our surprise found that
geography was their favorite study
. . . we predict the teacher, Mrs.
Edna M. Ensley does a good job
with her students this year . . .
we ran into Emily Palmer Nesbit,
who says she likes teaching in town
fine . . . and comes and goes each
day to the farm.
At East Waynesville there was
a great distraction . . . and we are
sure you will agree it was disconc
erting . . . the aroma of fresh gin
gerbread . . . and apple sauce . . .
we took a look in the lunchroom
. . . and the mothers need not wor
ry about their children's lunches
at East Waynesville, if last Thurs
day was a sample . . . Mrs. Nelson
Galloway seems to have things well
in hand ... is is a most inviting
room . . . with tables painted
Chinese red on top and black enam
el legs and frames . . . and black
benches . . . They were serving
beef and vegetable stew . . . and
slaw ... in addition to the dessert
. . . mentioned.
As we visited these schools and
we thought of our American chil
dren . . . and how life is going on
for them .. . we thought of the
children in the war scared nations
. . . and we realized anew the bles
sed privilege of being an American,
Do yoit tin
Mrs. R. .V.
think it will."
if it will be
to think so-
sible for us
Th? scenes at the three schools
brought many pictures of different
personalities . . . and each will find
expression in different patterns . . .
we thought of the parents . . . and
of their ambitions for their chil
dren . . . and how those boys and
girls must learn for themselves
. . . lessons not only in books but
from life . . . that only experience
can give them . . . but visiting near-
principal ... in the 4th grade, wel' 1.000 children is a fascinating
THE OLD HOME TOWN"
talked with Max Henry, who comes
to school in a wheel chair, is now
in the 6th grade and Douglas Smith,
his next door neighbor who pushes'
him about ... up comes Jimmy
Swift, and says, "You know, Mrs.
Gwyn, I'm going to be a farmer
someday." . . . Talking with the
no,doc, eo Does nt come to the- post
OFFICE EXPECT ANYMAJL HE SAYS
HE OUST LIKHS TO WALK HOME WITH
)Mt WAie WORKERS - - IT SORT O
PERKS UP HIS MORALE .'
i 1 W - ; TiSi CflK"L MO U.C la.. r 1
WASHINS fOU HIS W1F-B IS Sss. V-. k
WAft EFFORT Pe52" '
think so. and I i-'.
O. Ti. Hob, !
war in Kin -j" v
('in i-lma- 1m- -..:.
(iei inany i .i'. ''
think m.. a- i'
ful oni'iie.1. t '
nir.g b tw.-s- ' 1
ir. C. AH- "Ti
going t" !a-t '
English and An;
will finish Beiin b
are kept up at tin
going now, I l'1'
should be over by
Thomas L. ("n- '
not think the war n
over by Christina
not going to sum :
she is certain shi u
sia. When Russin
torv will come in ',;
h, r sec
Graydev F f;;-'--'- "
think we can h-pe 1
Germany collap n" .
not be before Chnsim
. :n tVi.i war :n
reL: ' : n- 1 feel 1
lore inn--""" .
have just begun t.i f.gnu
, ,,i soldier
you going to marry nl
fully) Well. I
do. ami H
1 see i
:: ' .and see
you nna hant
how our schools are b.