f, SEPTEMBER 9, 1943 (One Day Nearer Victory)
THE WAYNESVILLE MOUNTAINEER
'eed Crisis Confronts The State And Nation
'eed Of Saving
Vorth Carolina Producing
uuch More In Livestock
Jd Poultry This Year.
. p s. Coltrane
....'. ,0 Commissioner of
ij-ve ana the entire Nation
frin'fi with a feed crisis.
Ruction of feed has not
Pe 1 thB ever-increasing
W- , i' and Doultrv.
and city dwellers
Ceone into ttH' P0UUI
i rV cases on an extensive scale,
U any thought as to me sour-
,,nd the w . .
! . . o have as a minimum
ft Mr cent more feeding units
fc5f , . ...,- oo-n with IK ta
,., -e naa a ) " "
fppH Th relation-
Lner ceill , , .
in halance: otherwise,
tffej barrel will be scraped dry
there will be
l"'..-,' linnidation of livestock.
Cock and Poultry Expansion
jjiere has Dee" an caoii"
.livestock ana poultry inuusny
tie point where peak numbers
1.,-n reached in all parts of
h country, both state and nation.
Increases over tne isms level are:
thtm SO Der cent: ooul-
L 334 per cent; beef cattle, 25
-tent and dairy catne, 10 per
fppdintr units have in-
osed from 135,000,000 m 1941
159,000,000 in 1943, or 18 per
tin two years.
He greatest increase has been
The pig crop in 1943 is
fin romnared with 105.OOO.-
ill 1942, and contrasted with the
Hear average of 73,000,000. Hogs
i i :
kmonllS anu uiuer nave iiicicoa-
LiCper cent over 1942. Sows to
Lrrm this fall have increased 25
ttent over 1942. In addition to
jrear. increase in the number
ilhn. thev are beiner marketed
Lr, at 250 pounds rather than
p pounds which calls for more
He number of voune chickens
utd on farms in 1943 is estimat
s!t 925.000.000. the all-time neak
l-U per cent larger than the pre-
EiDigh oi last year and 36 per
above the 10-vear average.
ases in North Carolina range
65 to 100 Der cent and the ex-
luajion is continuing in spite of
p scute teed situation.
Here is an 18 per cent increase
fggs laid in June over 1942 and
Have your Stoker and
Furnace checked for the
Ben J. Sloan
a 41 per cent increase over the 10
year (1932-414 average.
While the number of dairy cattle
has not increased to such a great
extent, the feeding rate has increas
ed 28 per cent over the 10-year
average and eight per cent over
The great increase in animals is
in those which eat large amounts of
grains and not in the ones that
make high use of roughage and pas
ture. Feed Outlook
There is no-thing in the present
crop reports or present conditions
to indicate that we will have avail
able any more high grade protein
ingredients for feed than we had
this past year. During 1943 we
have been 20 per cent short of our
needed supply. Needed for 1943,
11,704,000 tons; available, 9,782,
000 tons; thus we are short 1,922,
This year we have thinly spread
protein concentrates over the enor
mous supplies of concentrates.
Crop Yields Decline
Five Wading grains: corn, wheat,
oats, barley and rye 5,998,000,
000 in 1942; and 5,128,000,000 in
1943 a decrease of 870,000,000
bushels or 17 per cent.
Corn has decereased 408,602,000
bushels fro ml942; the amount of
which is 250,803,000 less than 1942;
and the decrease in oats is 116,505,
Estimates show a 100,000,000
ton hay production as against 106,
000,000 in 1942, or a decrease of
The next crop report will indi
cate less production because of
drought in North Carolina, Virgin
ia, West Virginia, Maryland, and
Delaware and floods in other sec
tions. Alfalfa hay production has
been set at 32,000,000 tons in 1943
compared with 36,000,000 tons in
1942 a decrease of 4,000,000 tons.
Crisis Developing In Feeds
We are entering the new feeding
season with 500,000,000 bushels
less of corn and 375,000,000 bush
els less wheat, oats, barley and rye
than last year, a total of 875,000,
000 bushels less, with less hay and
no more protein concentrates. Corn
is almost unobtainable at this time.
It is so tight that the State War
Board cannot supply 50 per cent
of the demand and it is denying
requests for bread purposes and
splitting cars between such points
as Charlotte and Gastonia.
A recent survey of the feed mills
in this State revealed that they have
on hand less than two week's sup
ply of ingredients. Poultry scratch
contains very little, if any, corn
being made mostly from barley
and oats. Corn Is being fed to the
hogs in the Middle West because
of the ceiling price of $1.07 the
farmer can realize $1.50 per bushel
for corn fed to hogs. Hence, there
is no corn for the more important
dairy and poultry feeds.
Shortages of corn, shortages of
seed meals, shortages of meat
scraps, of fish meal, of alfalfa
meal. In fact cm ..- can hardly name
anything in the whole list today
that is not actualy short every
where in the country. There is a
crisis now and it will become more
If we are to maintain our live
stock and poultry population in
Married In Washington, D. C.
1 i "Ilk
am r I
SERGEANT AND MRS. LAWSON SUMMERROW, whose mar
riage took place at the Pilgrim's Presbyterian Church in Washington,
D. C. on Saturday, July 31.
Mrs. Summerrow was before her marriage Miss Mildred Camilla
Boineau, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. A. G. Boineau, of Hazelwood. At
the time of her marriage she was secretary to Mr. Ward, assistant
to Nelson D. Rockefeller, chairman of International American Affairs
Sergeant Summerrow is the son of Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Summer-
row, of Hazelwood. At the time he entered the service he was em
ployed at the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company.
He was inducted at Camp Lee, Va., and is now stationed at Camp
Following the ceremony the young couple left for a wedding trip
to Berkeley Springs, West Virginia, before going to Camp Swift.
War Ration Book 4 In Offing;
Details Not Yet Worked Out
The Army now has a new policy
affecting allowances made to the
dependents of enlisted servicemen,
such allowances and allotments
will begin to accrue at the first
of the month in which the appli
cation is riled, it was announced
by Lieutenant Colonel John H.
Bush, chief, army emergency re
lief, headquarters fourth service
This is one month earlier than
the existing practice, it was point
ed out. Formerly, if a man enter
ed the service in the middle of a
month, the allowance did not start
accruing until the first of the fol
lowing month. Under this new
policy, the full month's amount
will be entered to the family's
credit and charged to the future
pay of the soldier making the allot
ment. However, if the enlisted man
wishes to do so, he may name a
month one month later in which
the deductions from his pay will
Under the same regulations, al
lotments and allowances will con
tinue to be paid through the office
of dependency benefits, Newark, N.
J., for a full month after a man's
change of status bars him from re
ceiving the allotment. In case of
need or delayed allotments, depen
dents should write to the command
ing office of the nearest post, camp
or station or write directly to 321
Giant Building, Atlanta, Georgia.
An enlisted man promoted above
the first three grades, the only ones
now eligible for the government
assistance, can continue his allot
ment through the month in which
he is promoted, it was announced.
By Junaluska Trustees
The Rev. Dr. W. A. Lambeth,
of Asheville, was re-elected super
intendent of the Lake Junaluska
Methodist Assembly at the annual
meeting of the board of trustees
Edwin L. Jones, of Charlotte,
was elected a member of the board
succeeding the late E. A. Cole, of
Charlotte, and Dr. Guy E. Snavely,
of New York City, was elech'd
vice chairman, a position formerly
held by Mr. Cole. Bishop Clare
Purcell, of Charlotte, is chairman
of the board and Dr. W. F. Quillian
The hoard indorsed thive pro
jects recommended recently by the
Lake Junaluska Cottage Owners
Association, including the raising
of $25,000 throughout the South
eastern Jurisdiction for permanent
improvements, namely, the remod
eling of the present large audi
torium; the erection of a small
memorial chapel honoring the men
in the service from the Southeast
ern Jurisdiction and improved rec
reational facilities for the younjf
Approval was also given for ex
pansion plans for the Assembly, de
tails of which will be presented to
the Jurisdictional Conference at ita
approaching 1944 session. Tha
board commended those in charge
of the program for features which
have been presented and comment
ed favorably upon the exceptionally
A New 'Angle'
GRAND COULEE, Wash.-F. M.
Heaton, returning from an houri
unsuccessful fishing, spied a rat
tlesnakescarce at this seasen
sunning on a lawn.
He tied a slip noose in his fish
line and angled with his pole.
Heaton didn't arrive home emp
WASHINGTON. War Ration
Book 4 is in the offing, but the
Office of Price Administration said
no date for its appearance has
been set and the agency hasn't
decided how or when civilians will
register to get it.
Edward F. Stegen, a regional
rationing executive, said in Chi
cago August 18 a national regis
tration for Book 4 would be held
between October 20 and Novem
"It may be issued around the
first of the year," said an OPA
otjicial, "or it may be used around
the first of December. We can't
tell because the details have not
1 n worked out."
The agency hasn't decided
whether the registration when it
is made will ho handled by
school.- a- with Book- 1 and 2, or
j by dii ret mail like Book 3.
! Book :i uas put out as a safe-
guard for consumers to u-ed when
.-tamps in their No. 2 books lie
l come rhau-ted. It contains brown
stamp- instead of red for meats,
butter and the like. Book -I, when
it appears, will contain red and
blue point -tamp- similar to those
Tork Without Loss
few simple rules,
ily -ave a good
: own pork without
D. E. K'ady, in
Ever think about Running a Factory ?
IF you've ever run a farm or dairy or store, there are a lot
of things about running a factory that you'd find pretty
familiar. Thing, like working any and all hours, trainmg
ern help, planning for months ahead without letting the
Planning interfere with the job of the moment.
These are the responsibilities of management. And the
Peculiar ican ability to meet and lick these problems
means a Iol icday, both on the food-producing and weapon
Ability to manage isn't picked up overnight. For good
management m a skill Just as much as good workmanship
Wed tht hard way.
1 wft't tx forgotten overnight, either. For it is thes -men
. on farm and in factory, have actually produced the
ing, from which ouf high Uving .tandard is derived, who
n and will, by working together, give every AmencM ,
mre abundant life in the peacetime years to come, oenerai
E'tetric Company, Schenectady, N. Y.
H ' GmmI EUctric rsdi preirvm: "Tit Hcur ,f Cham" Sunday
10 f .m. EWT, NBC "Tit WU T4j" ntvt, tvtrj vttUr,
(.4J f.m. EWT, CBS.
BUY WAR BONDS
By f ul.iwint
-uppl.v of be 'tn i
),,-. -:,v- 111
I'halL'r of meat re-e;irrl f,,r the
Atrta-'ii'ur.-il Exp ninon' Siti .n at
He -I'ge'e.-ts that since it will
-onn be time to butcher and cure
poik, growers should write to the
Agrieultu! al Editor at State Col-leg-,
Raleigh, for a free copy of
E!eti-i m Circular No. 22. en
titled -The Farm Pork Supply."
I This publication lists the equip
'ment needed; describes the best
mt thuds of butchering and cutting;
and gives two plans of curing
;dry curing and brine curing. In
formation on smoking and a recipe
for making sausage is also included.
! The secret of pork curing, ac
cording to Dr. Brady, is to use good
sounf meat, the correct curing in
gredients, and cltan containers. Of
course, it is necessary that there be
cool weather for curing.
this State, we must, for the dura
tion at lost, become more self
sufficient by growing more of the
feed on the farms and by growing
ingredients to supply ever-increasing
feed industries located within
the State, which, by the way, pro
cessed over 50 per cent of our
778,000 tons of feed consumed last
What can we do to pull through
the next feeding season? We can
sow more winter grazing crops;
seed more small grains; feed pro
tein concentrates to meet essential
production and feed beef cattle
in Book 2, and will be used for
the same purpose.
Wins $2,150 Reward
OKLAHOMA CITY M. B.
Woodmansee, foreman in a poultry
and dairy plant, thought it was a
shame so many workers broke egirs.
He devised a system to synchro
nize their hand movements.
He got a $2,150 reward, the 10,
000 women workers in the firm's
various plant got synchronized, and
customers get 10 per cent more
Buy War Bonds and Stamps.
'rom where I sit . . .
61 Joe Marsh
One of the liest-llked farmers
In these parts Is Bert Chllders!
And he has the best way of
beatln' the man shortage, too.
Come husking time, Bert In
vites all of his farmer neighbors
over to have a glass of beer.
When they ask politely
"Where's the beer?" Bert points
to a bucket-full of frosty bottles
in the middle of the field.
"All you got to do," he says,
"la work your way out to It"
Well, Bert's Idea has caught
on all over tho countryside.
Folka are pitching In to holp
their neighbors harveat grain
and fruit, and vegetable and
are taking their reward la soci
ability when the Job's done.
And from where I sit, that's a
mighty healthy picture of Amer
ican life - people working to
gether to get In the food thla
country needs - and afterwards,
slttln' around like good friends,
over a moderate glass of whole
some beer. I'm for It'
1943, lnrwlNO INDUSTRY fOUNOATION. Nor Corollo Commit
fdgor H. tain, Stat Director. 606-607 Inwranc ftldg., ftoloigh, N. C
Here's one thing
thai hasn't gone upl
... ,-K-. iMh J
No NEED to look so surprised, Lady!
Far from going up, electric prices have been
coming down - steadily! Within the past three
yean, while the cost of living has climbed about
22, the average price of household electricity
has dropped about 9!
And this downward trend in the price of elec
tricity has been going on for years. For ex
ample, if yours is an average family, you're
getting just about fu-ice as much electricity for
your money today as you did 15 years ago.
That's good news to your budget, isn't it? And
meanwhile, you're enjoying the use of lota more
'Why is electricity so cheap? Because experienced
business management has made it so. Your
electric company has been on this job for years
and those years of experience count! They
all add up to friendly, dependable service at
Hoar "RErOUT TO THE NATION," omUhndiaq HWI
profnm of Ho wk, ovory Taciday tvoirfiig, V:I0, 5.W.T.,
Columbia froodcerrftffg System.
POWER & LIGHT
DON'T WASTE ELECTRICITY JUST BECAUSE IT ISN'T BATIONED1