North Carolina Newspapers

    (One Day Nearer Victory) THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 25
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The Mountaineer
Published By
Main Street Phone 137
Waynesville, North Carolina
The Coiivty Seat of Haywood County
W. CURTIS Hl.SS Editor
Mrs. Hilda WAV GWVN Associate Editor
vV. Curtis Russ and Marion T. Bridges, Publishers
One Year, In Haywood County 11.76
Six Months, In Haywood County 90c
One Year, Outside Haywood County 2.50
Six Months, Outside Haywood County 1.60
All Subscriptions Payable In Advance
Knteied at tlie punt offi. at Wayneaiille. N. C. aa Seoond
Jlaiw M;ol Matter, as jiruvi.led un.ler the Act of March . 187,
I'lvsmher 20, 1B14.
Obituary nutiitfs, res'ilutions ol respect, earda of thanki. and
,11 notices of entertainment for profit, will be charged for at
he rale of one cent per word.
'North CarolTnovJk
(One Day Nearer Victory)
In last week's issue we carried stories
of expansion of two of the local business
firms. The First National P.ank has extend
ed its services to Fontana Dam. F,rkraft
Industries is turning its talents into new
We feel sure that the facility at Fontana
will prove profitable to both the residents of
that area and we trust to the institution serv
ing them. With the background of past
policies of the First National we feel sure
that the new expansion is a wise one.
We have often wondered why some manu
facturing plant did not specialize on toys
in this area, where wood is so plentiful. Toys
are staple articles. In times of depression,
the adults may go without things, but some
how they always manage to get the things
that their children want.
Success to both the First National and
to Erkraft in their new fields.
Revival Of Interest
We have noted of late that the agitation
of teaching more American histories in our
schools and colleges has been bringing forth
many ideas on the subject. For some years
the teaching of our own history has been
slighted in our schools and colleges.
It is said that until the advent of the first
World War, only a few states required any
instruction in this subject at either elemen
tary or secondary level. Since that time
state legislatures have taken a hand, and
passed laws making it compulsory to teach
American history in secondary schools. At
present there are twenty-four states that
have laws on their books governing this
There seems to be a divergence of opinion
as to the wisdom of making the study com
pulsory. Some educators argue that it should
not be compulsory, for in so making it, the
subject becomes dull and boring to the stu
dents. They claim that only those who wish
to take American history should be given
the opportunity.
We notice that Benjamin Fine, education
editor of the New York Times, gives the fol
lowing recommendations as the results of a
survey :
"Every high school and college should re
quire students to study American history.
Obviously, we cannot create patriotism
through legislation, nor can we expect to get
better citizens merely by the process of
textbook-osmosis. Nevertheless, the course
in American history can serve as a base, as
a point of departure from which the future
leaders of the land can grow and develop.
"Higher teaching standards are necessary.
Unfortunately the teaching of American
history in many of our secondary schools
does not receive sufficient attention. All too
often American history is but an additional
assignment of an over-worked science teach
er, or football coach.
"American history is as important for the
professional as for the liberal art student.
Do not neglect the teaching of other his
tories. We need to know more about Euro
peon culture and the ways of the Orient.
"Our history is strikingly dynamic, color
ful, alive, forceful. Teaching American his
tory need not become a boring task to the
instructor or the student."
He also brought out another vital factor,
that "industrial peace promotes industrial
They "Said It With
It was not idle curiosity that brought
hundreds of citizens in this area to the war
bond rally last Thursday evening. Had it
been curiosity there would not have been
nearly ninety thousand bonds sold.
The same spirit that has fired the hun
dreds of Haywood County boys to volunteer
in the service and who are now scattered
over the world, serving on land and sea and
in the air, inspired the crowds that gathered
around the Park Theatre Thursday evening.
Haywood folks want to win this war.
They want Victory for their country. They
are willing and glad to dig deep down in the j
savings of a life time and in their weekly
pay check, to pay the price of freedom.
We commend the fine work of the com
mittees in charge. A public demonstration
of the type of last Thursday is good for a
community. It gives those who attend a
bond of national understanding that merely
handing out money does not always give.
The sight of that ambulance bearing the
emblem of the American Red Cross, which
drew applause as it passed in the parade
represented far more than a red cross on a
white background. Mothers in that crowd
on Thursday knew that if their boy was
wounded on a battlefield, more than likely
an ambulance, similar to the one in the pa
rade would carry him to safety and attention.
This war has touched the common heart
of us all. The long struggle that lies ahead
means sacrifice on the home front as well
as on the battle lines. We are all beginning
to realize more and more the necessity for
buying bonds to finance this war. It can
not be won any other way. We must pay
for our liberties.
We feel sure that every man, woman and
child who saw that parade and saw the
people buying bonds in such wholesome mea
sure had their patriotism stirred as it has
not been for days. The headlines of the pa
pers became realities.
Right here on Main Street we fought a
victorious battle with the Germans and the
Japs. Every bond that was bought meant
support to our men. They meant ammuni
tion and supplies to keep our armed forces
We are going to have to learn, as the Eng
lish people have, that our lives cannot go
on in the old familiar pattern of indulging
ourselves as we did in the days before the
war. Luxuries will have to wait until the
Germans and Japs have had enough of our
brand of fighting. There will be other calls
before the war is won. We might as well
begin to buckle down and plan to reduce our
way of every day living and save to
See Wave of
In September
How OPA's
Price Panel
Do Big Job
To be able to make history . . .
to take part in the jrn alest com
bat experience the world has ever
known . . . and to have the power
of pen to describe for others those
historical events ... is more than
most men will ever realize . . . yet
that is just what Commander
Frederick J. 15 11, naval officer,
and recent guest at C'ataloochee
Itanch is doin; . . . Convalesinj;
from a back injury received in the
South Pacific where he was on
combat duty six months and two
days, Commandi r Bell was a pa
tient at the Naval convalescent
hospital in Asheville for three
months, prior to coming to Hay
wood . . . His stay at the Ranch
was a kind of last tonic to health
before going back on duty. He
will soon report to the Navy de
partment . . . but he has not been
resting in the ordinary sense of
the word, for he has been writing
a book . . . which will shortly be
published. . .
No "Trick Taxes'
There is talk that a sixfold increase in
social security taxes will be recommended
by the Treasury Department as a war fi
nancing measure. Many feel that such a
proposal should be discouraged.
Any increase in social security tax should
not be a war time measure, but a step in I
promoting an expansion of the social se
curity system, which will carry over to peace
The present tax for social security now
in effect, both old age and unemployment
insurance, is one per cent on the covered
employer and one per cent on the employee.
The law, which was passed in 19:5, calls for
an advance to two per cent on each next
year. The Wagner social security bill now
in Congress proposes six per cent each, and
would extend the system to 20,000,000 now
outside it.
Mpst people are going to feel that war fi
nancing should not be tied up in any way
with this unrelated social change.
j when he introduces you to Bar
,bara, you know instantly how she
ratis with her father . . . Incident
ally Commander and Mrs. Bell have
I had GO days together nut of the past
nve years. . ,
When he came back to this coun
try a few months ago he had been
on s a duty for around five years
. . . he was aide to Vice Admiral
Ailolphus Andrews in command of
forces in Hiawaii . . . and from
there went as damage control offi
cer on the Horse . . . He has firm
faith in the destroyer . . . for he
considers her the most dangerous
ship for size ... he refers to her
as a "triple threater" . . . He was
in the South China seas when the
war broke out. . . In May, a year
ago, he was put in command of a
destroyer in the South Pacific and
was in the original occupation of
the Solomons . . . where he saw a
great deal of fighting. . .
We were afraid that we were
not going to get an interview with
the Commander ... in these days
of rationing, points off the regular
beat are not always accessible . . .
We took the matter up with Mrs.
Tom Alexander . . . and found that
the Commander would be passing
through town . . . and we suggest
ed the idea, if possible, for his
stopping by the Mountaineer office
. . . which was asking a good deal,
because we knew that we could add
nothing to the glory and fame of
the Commander . . . But now we
think we can , . . for we can give
him another top grade in gracious
ness, for he possesses that quality
in marked degree, otherwise he
would never have stopped in the
village and given us an oppor
tunity to fire some questions at him
. . . we must admit, however, that
it cramped our style, to feel that
he was in a hurry and he had taken
time out ... so we (land not
cover all the ground we would like
to have . . . for Commander Bell
is an authentic hero. . .
"The strain of being on combat
duty is terrific," he said . . . and
explained how tense his men were
day and night . . . even when not
in actual fighting, each minute they
were expecting attack . . . and it
does something to the nerves, he
pointed out. . . He said, while his
men were physically fit, they all
lost from 8 to 10 pounds during
those months of vigilance and fight
ing. . .
Industrial Peace
If the members of the National Associa
tion of Manufacturers were as familiar as
citizens of this area are with the policies of
Reuben Robertson, head of the Champion
Paper and Fibre Company, they would fol
low his endorsements made recently at the
meeting in New York.
In his relation to his employes and his
understanding of the problems of the work
ing man, Mr. Robertson has made a name
for himself in Western North Carolina. His
fairness and his principles of justice are in
corporated in his daily dealings with those
who work with and for him, as head of a
large industry.
He touched the keynote of the relation
between employer and employe when he
said that "like any other human relationship,
industrial relations need cultivation good
industrial relations don't just happen."
He is a native of Princess Anne
County, Virginia, and was a m.m
ber of the class of 11)24 of Annapo
lis. . . He has had the good fortune
(or bad, all according to your view
point) ... of being at spots over
the world, since his graduation,
where something important was
happening. . . He has time rows
of service ribbons. . . He has been
awarded the Navy Cross . . . the
Purple Heart . .' . South Pacific
Asiatic ribbon . . . four stars, eacli
repres nting participation in a
major combat . . . another ribbon
for service in the Middle East , . .
another for American Defense
area . , . for the Second China
Campaign . . , and for the Second
Nicaragua campaign . . . when
in the thick of things a few months
ago a torpedo exploded "near" his
ship, he was knocked flat on his
back . . . but in the excitement he
went on, not realizing he was hurt
. . . but in time he was ordered to
return home for rest and treat
ment. . . He is a hero, minus any
pompous personal praise for him
self . . . It's all in the day's run . . .
but he admits that he has been
very fortunate ... but he has
reference, not to his accomplish
ments, but to his narrow escapes.
Another tiling you would like
about the Commander is his sense
of humor . . . For that is how we
happened to learn he was at Cata
loochee Ranch. . . One night we
had two girls stop with us. . . They
wanted to drive to the Ranch the
next clay . . . and told of their reason
. . . One was Captain Ruth Ginns, of
the WAC'c . . . the other Jackie
Martin, first WAC official photo
grapher . . . well known newspaper
reporter and photographer . . . for
merly on Washington Herald . . .
great friend of owner, Mrs. Pat
terson ... is now magazine writer
and photographer . . . and does
column for "Country Gentleman"
. . both gills extensively traveled
. . . The Captain is a graduate of
University of Pennsylvania and
when entend service was person
nel director of one of Philadelphia's
largest department store . . . both
modern to their fingertips . . . seen
enough of the world not to be sur
prised at anything . . . But they
found a surprise awaiting them
right here in these hills. . . Jackie
Martin had been sent by the Ladies
Home Journal to get a photograph
of Commander Bell and his wife . . .
to use in connection with a series
of letters to be published in the
magazine, written by the Com
mander to his wife, while he was
in the South Pacific . . . they will
appear in the next few months.
Most Stores Co-operating
With OPA Price Ceilings
Special to Central Press
WASHINGTON Look for a drive to police CPA .
consumer durable goods, consumer services sucn
and laundrying, restaurants, perhaps fuel. It will .
"housewife pajrols."
One of the least publicized but most successful u:
OPA was its creation of price panels last fall. Sir.,
up, the panels have made phenomenal progress in r r.:
munity-wide dollars-and-cents price ceilings estaUis:.
ceries in more than 150 cities throughout the nan. ,,
Three members of each of the country's 6.500 i.,
constitute a "price panel." These members in tun
panel assistants, volunteers whose j K
on observance of price ceilings M
stores were contacted in the Bust
York, Chicago and Cleveland areas
Results obtained are little short
claims. In the Atlanta area, v. i.. :
southeastern portion of the United States, from Cm .
the retail food stores are complying with the ceihi
ton, where violations once were openly flagrant, n. :
of the 1,800 groceries now are observing the ceili:.s
Clubwomen, housewives, professional and small hi:
serve as panel assistants are giving full credit for tl:,
price violations found are settled peacefully at cent,!
tion boards. Few cases reach the stage where cut'. ;
are filed in the courts.
In Detroit, during one two-week period, 246 con.;,
vestigated and only two had to be given to enforce!:.,
Mrs. Anne P. Flory, who bosses the show from
"We operate on the premise that the store keeper,,
honest and want to comply," she says. "If we didn't
tins program." f
ing that a wave of labor trouble strikes will break - it m s,;
ber, early October at the latest. Sore spots are tli, v...:m..::s.
craft, automobile and coal industries. Even adnnr.wtniti-n c.
in the capital admit that there is a lot of unrest u. riurs,
to wage freezing and rising prices.
Head-line maker John L. Lewis may hit the front pices as
His United Mine Workers union now has its plea for wage r
v,. ... War l.ahnr hoard. A decision is expected soon. If
w age demands are turned down, miners may walk out without a
ing any strike call from L,ewis. I
nnn,hor nrohlem- Secretary of Interior Harold L. Ickes is rati
ing government-operated mines to their private owners. The go
ment seized them after a nrst coai siriKe in may. ueuis nas
inoiort that the eovernment operate them, said that his ml
would work for Uncle Sam but not private operators unless vi
demands are met.
a cw...inven mav come when congress returns Sept 14 AS
enacted the Smith-Connally Anti-Strike
vehi-h amoiiff other things, carries provisions that could put a sti
i aii Rnt hnw effective the measure is going to be It
icaui-i j"'" -
awaits a major test.
In this connection, look for more frequent use of
the word "sanctions" in labor dispute cases. Presi
dent Roosevelt, in signing the executive order
promising the WLB full support of the government
in enforcing its decisions, told how "sanctions" it
Viia iimrri milH 1 ip flnnlied.
Reluctant workers could be drafted; they could be jailed if f
picketed or encouraged a strike; ana mey couiu oe u.
f. ii (ho fm- the duration of the war in extreme cases if n
.u.:.. ;i c.n-iiv henAfita also temporarily cut 1
Si-y wiin men auuai ''""j
Industries producing only civilian goods could be driven out of tj
ness by withholding of materials n mey ieiu.u w
,a;dr oHito Wnr industries would be taken over by the governm
rrheo ot-a Hip ennrtions wh ich could be clamped down. Big que
L hgw tough and how far .the government wishes to go
May Capo
Very sin
I Shortly alter the girls arrived,
Tom Alexander phoned from the
Ranch and asked us if we could keep
i a secret, and would we help him
Out . . He and Commander Bell
were going to pull a bit of Moun
tain stuff on the girls . . . we were
to notify the Ranch when they left
town ... so that everything would
be ready . . . We thought the girls
would never get up, then never get
dressed, much less get to break
fast anil start . . . Mr. Alexander
suggested we hurry them up and
tell them the Commander wished
to take a mountain trip . . . But
it worked the wrong way . . . for
they chimed in and said, "Oh, tell
him to go on, we'll come later". . .
But they finally got off . . . and
I we phoned . . . the stage was set.
! Shortly before they reached the top
of the mountain they spied a log
across the road . . . and some un
' shaved mountaineers (the Com
'mander the leader) . . with guns . . .
I at first (so they told us later) they
thought the road was closed . . .
with a mean look in their eyes the
, im n asked if thty were expected
'at the Ranch . . . then things
happened fast ... a shot was
fired, but the ice was broken then
... for Miss Martin is a crack shot
j. . . and she knew it was aimed too
; high ... so she said . . . "Come to
the city, boys, and I'll teach you
:how to shoot." . . . When they re
turned they greeted us . . . "Well,
you are a nice hostess to be a
party to the crime" . . . but they
got a big kick out of actually be
ing frightened after all the tight
spots they had been in . . . but they
erot the picture fur the
Home Journal . . . :m.l val
our first introduction : f 'mist
er Bell ... so you -' ,. ;- fcst
roirular nerson . . .d -'lie' w ill I
ing a hero and an air e.
. of thi:
Commander Bell is the author of
two books . . . and is writing his
third. . . The latter is of the fight
ing in the South Pacific . . . and the
title, "Condition Red" . . and the
sub-title, "Destroyer action in the
South Pacific" ... It will be off the
press in October . . . His first book
was "The Navy, its Ships and Men"
. . . His second book, "Room to
Swing a Cat," which is now in its
third edition, deals with the early
U. S. Navy. He is proud of the
fact that his wife, who is an artist
in her own name, drew the jackets
for his two books and has also
illustrated the cover for his third
... and we must not forget to tell
you of his daughter, Barbara, for
f I - 1 . I
j v I nt wism I LUCK I I
What is "' '
eat (in ap)ile a ml '
ovite varietii of
Mixs Xtmrtlt '
best in a juie
hard sauce am! e
favorite the kii'd
best apple roll."
Jerry Lim " I
and I like Ptavir
r. .v. ;'"
Stayman Wim
served in .-" r '
good raw, or '
apples, pies, saie
best all round a'l '
Mrs. H. W.
apples in salad a'
Stark's Deliciou-- :
vanilla flavor
dark in salads."
Mrs. Jack H " '
apples raw and
is my favorite "
Mrs. J. C. If' -use
'I prefer apple
Northern Spies ' i
Rufvs Siler "1
raw, peeling. cy
prefer Bonums."
Dr. S. L. St,-:- ,,-
Stayman Winesar4 :
eat them raw."
W. T. Shelton
saps, and I want to i.
C. A. Black '
Winesap is my fav
are just, as good ra
: i :
- nil
Regardless oi " , . tes
you hear the - ' ; jj
Great Britain, under able
ship, are fighting -telligent

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