(One Day Nearer Victory) THURSDAY, OCTOBER 7
THE WA"Y NES VILLE MOUNTAINEER
4 ! I ,
i' ' ''ii'
1,..' '; 1!;
! 'SI r-
.if ;:,VV; f;;' j
f .! :,!
THE WAYNESVILLE PRINTING CO.
Main Street Phone 137
Waynes ville, North Carolina
The County Seat of Haywooa County
W. CURTIS RUSS Editor
Mrs. Hilda WAY GWYN Associate Editor
W. Curtis Russ and Marion T. Bridges, Publishers
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY
One Year, In Haywood County 1.76
Six Months, In Haywood County 90c
One Year, Outside Haywood County 2.50
Six Months, Outside Haywood County 1.50
All Subscriptions Payable In Advance
Entered at the pout uttice at WaynevllJe. N. C. i Second
lJUee Mail Matter, aa provided under the Act of March I, 1879,
Movember 11). 1914.
Obituary notices, resolution! of respect, cards of thanks, auo
11 notices of entertainment for profit, will be cliargsd for
he rate of one cent per word.
MATIfiMA f J UK AL.
sufficient defense to the person charged."
Many other democratic countries have pass
ed similar legislation, because from a wide
study of the dangers of a subservient press,
they have learned that a free press is the
best assurance of a free country.
To be fully comprehended, the freedom of
the press must be accepted by democratic
peoples as a typical example of the privileges
they enjoy as individuals in a democratic
state. To abolish the freedom of the press,
is to invite the abolition of all freedom for
North Carolina i
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1943
(One Day Nearer Victory)
The Freedom of the Press
(This is an article to acquaint our readers
with the various functions of the Press in an
American community, and printed in con
nection with National Newspaper Week,
October 1 to 8.)
Great men of history who have left us the
legacy of democratic government all seem to
have been of one mind, that the preservation
of freedom depended to a large degree on the
preservation of the freedom of the press.
That is why in all truly democratic states a
free press is more than just a tradition it
is an essential principle of democracy.
One of the prerequisities of an autocracy
is the abrogation of the freedom of the press,
because this freedom has essentially, through
the centuries, shown itself to be the one
great force which has seen to it that the
freedom of the individual has been preserv
ed. When freedom of the press is abolished
other freedoms go with it. There is little
need at this time to stress that point. There
are so many poignant' and tragic examples
in the world today of a subservient press,
that it must be obvious to any intelligent
person that the freedom of the press is
sylonymous with the freedom which is de
mocracy. There have always been those, who often
for reasons of personal aggrandisement or
lust for power, would rob the press of this
precious jewel in the crown of liberty. There
have been others who cry out for personal
freedom of expression, but who would deny
this right to the press. It has been claimed
that this freedom can become license, but
this is one of those half-truths which un
thinking people are likely to accept at its
Actually the press enjoys a freedom which
gives it no privilege above the individual. It
must conform to the laws of the state. Its
freedom is bound by the laws of libel and
slander. It certainly offers no greater op
portunity for defaming any person or insti
tution, than does the inherent right of free
speech with which every citizen is endowed
as a birthright. Abraham Lincoln in a de
bate on the constitution once said: "The lib
erty of the press is the tyrant's scourge; it
is the true friend and the supremest support
er of civil liberty." The principle of freedom
of the press, as it exists today, is the result
of a long and bitter struggle between those
who believed in civil rights and constituted
authority, and those who feared the exercise
of those rights.
It is significant that the first amendment
to the Bill of Rights of the American Consti
tution, adopted in 1791, is one that relates to
the freedom of the press. It reads: "Con
gress shall make no law respecting the estab
lishment of religion, or the prohibition of the
free exercise thereof ; or abridging the free
dom of speech, or of the press ; or the right
of the people peaceable to assemble and to
petition the government for a redress of
grievances." The very wording of this
amendment places freedom of the press on
the same level, and of equal import with
freedom of religion, of speech and of as
sembly. A Rhode Island State provision sums up
the question of a free press in a few words
when it says: "The liberty of the press be
ing essential to the security and freedom of
the state, any person may publish his senti
ments on any subject, being responsible for
the abuse of that liberty, and in all trials for
libel, both civil and criminal, the truth, unless
published, from malicious motives, shall be
The owners of orchards in Haywood are
having a lucky break despite the fact that
the crop is forty per cent below the average
of good years. The large number of trucks
in the county hauling apples is proof of
the choice fruit that is produced here.
The price that the Haywood apple brings
on the market also shows how they compare
with apples grown in other sections. This
year, we understand, there will be a fruit
shortage, so the orchardist in this section,
despite the smaller crop, will no doubt have
a profitable year.
We have often wondered why there are
not more apples planted on the farms and
home grounds of the people of this county,
as they are staple fruit that is so largely
eaten in this area. The price of trees is not
much in comparison to the long years of
fruitage from them trees.
Foil of Fastis, p0W(
D . . .
Washington Sees Battle
For Italy Costly Affair
Special to Central Press
ii' . r"TJTT"T'i?iY A an ofiitrmDfh rf tu- : . ..
ton officialdom finds itself with the worst case of c iv
ions since the beginning of the war. On the one bar
HERE and THERE
HILDA WAY GWYN
Fatal accidents among North Carolina in
dustrial workers are declining steadily, ac
cording to E. G. Pdagett, industrial commis
sion safety director. He believes that the
reason is due to the increased interest in
accident prevention manifested by industry
generally, plus the work of the commission's
The director points out that employees
generally realize that time is the most valu
able thing we have and that none of it should
be wasted through needless accidents to men
This has been brought about to a large
extent, it is claimed, by the constant preach
ing of the need of carefulness in preventing
accidents an durging efficient use of the
latest safety equipment by the state super
visors who travel over the state.
During the period from January to July
of last year there were 96 fatal accidents
in industry, as compared to 72 of this year,
aaccording to the director. Non-fatal ac
cidents also showed a subbstantial reduc
tion during the first seven months of 1943,
the safety director says. There were 35,760
cases reported during this period, compared
to 37,522 in the first seven months of 1912.
We had a most intriguing letter
(luring the week from Corporal
Dudley Moore, U. S. Air Corps
. . . in which he told of a mother's
thought of her son on his birthday
. . . and how much the occasion
meant to others . . . the letter was
from Pocatello, Idaho . . . and we
are going to quote from it . . . and
let the writer tell you the story . . .
pressions of those also taking a
look . . . people inevitably left with
a very serious countenance . . . the
sight of that rubber life raft,
which is being made by the Day
ton Rubber plant . . . would natur
ally make you think of the boys
you knew in the air corps ... it
can accommodate five men and is
being used by the U. S. Army Air
Forces ... it works like magic
. . . it is collapsibe . . . and when
thrown from a plane into the water
. . . in the twinkling of an eye
. . . to be exact three fourths of a
minute ... it is blown up and
ready to receive the men as they
bail out . . . two are used, we
were told, on a Flying Fortress.
Fire Prevention Week
Fire Prevention Week always includes in
the period the date of October 9, the anni
versary of the great Chicago fiire of 1871,
the most disastrous fire of this country.
Fire is said to be one of the oldest enemies
as well as one of the oldest friends of man
kind. Itis our enemy chiefly because we
are careless of it. Yet simple precautions,
if we formed the habit of them, would save
thousands of lives and millions of dollars
worth of property each year.
Property loss in the United States during
1942 totaled $314,295,000. Fire reduces our
war production almost a million dollars a
day, according to T. Alfred Fleming, chair
man of the N. F. P. A. Committee.
Fire records show that approximately 60
per cent of all fires occur in the home. In
the United States nearly 10,000 persons
(more than half of them women and chil
dren) lose their lives in fires each year and
approximately 50 per cent of the total num
ber of lives lost in fires annaully are lost in
The majority of fires in the, homes can
be traced to seven major causes: (1) rub
bish; (2) defective chimneys; combust
ible roofs; (4) defective heating apparatus;
(5) matches and careless smoking; (6) gaso
line, kerosene, etc. ; (7) electrical defects.
We are told that most, if not all of home
fires are preventable. Home owners are
urged to observe Fire Prevention Week with
a "room-to-room" check for fire hazards.
The majority of industrial fires are traced
to four general couses: (1) open flames;
(2)friction; (3) electricity; (4) chemical reactions.
Then take the lockers on display
that are used on a tank or truck
. . . constructed of wooden fram
ing and hard board panels . . .
made under navy specifications . . .
then the beds . . . used by camps
and bases all over the world . . .
built under army specifications . . .
each wooden bed taking the place
of a steel cot, since there are 50
pounds of steel in a cot.
"I dropped into the U. S. O.
which is in the railway station
here at 10 o'clock this morning.
. . . On a table near the door re
posed a beautiful devil's food fake
. . . complete with 23 candles . . .
behind the cake was the picture
of a young soldier ... a local boy.
. . . Today was his birthday . . .
so the hostess told me, and his
mother had brought the cake to
the U. S. O. with these instruc
tions: When the morning train
came in, and the service men dash
ed into the U. S. O. for a quick
cup of coffee and a handful of
cookies and sandwiches, the hos
tess was to find out if anyone pres
ent had a birthday today ... if so,
the cake was to be presented to
him on behalf of the local boy and
his mother, and then to be cut and
served to the assembled service
"I told the hostess I would like
to stay for the occasion and, of
course, she insisted that I do so
. . . (you see, Mrs. Gwyn, I wanted
a piece of that cake) . . . Well, the
train pulled in about 10:30 . . .
while the engine was being chang
ed, in charged about 25 or 30
soldiers, sailors and marines. . . .
Oh, yes, and two WACS . . . also
. . . The hostess secured the at
tention and explained about the
cake . . . then asked if anyone
'ncsent had a birthday today. . .
One soldier stepped forward . . .Mine. . . . No wonder everyone was
he was the only one, so to him I serious . . . when they turned
the cake was presented . . . the ! away . . . there was a touch of
atidles were lighted and then the j reality
lucky fellow blew them out ... I
1 n tr mntinns
i.'g . " w.v viie liiinj iu
is unbounded jubilation over the unconditional surrender of
third of the Axis enemy and a pervading opinion that u e rrI"
Nations are really "getting on with the war." 'lt('
But, on the other side of the ledger there are sad thmhrs
the toll of American and British lives will mount alarm- 7iy ;n
coming weeks as Italian occupation fon fa
Wehrmacht really large and well-equipped German ir f," '
first time since the dark days of Dunk r
Still Big, years ag0. " ttre
Strong Army All responsible government leaders, from pres,j
Roosevelt on down, are currently enibatkt j on
campaign of. public education to bring about a realization of
that the fall of Italy, far from ending the fighting in that' aret
actually has "brought about a. crucial period in the war arj
decisive, large scale battles are In the offing that win Shao th
future course of the war in Europe and have a vital effect or th
length of the struggle. , ' " ' '
HOME FRONT Domestically, the returning congress will serv,
to focus public attention on internal problems arising out of the UJ
taxes, rationing, the fathers' draft and a rising tempo of poi,.,
discussion as time carries the legislators ever closer he Ref .jbn,
can and Democratic conventions next summer.
Incidentally, on this latter point, sage political observers i- n
nation's capital are certain that President R iosevelt will be a urJi,
date for re-eieciion ior a iourvn term, in iaci iney cont. i t;
already is running and has been for some time.
mwnnn i.innr. ,m i..iwnr nnne T urTi a t t- - . , . .....
9 IMririL wene rnriiu oudoiahual nci'UKls, at our. J thi
capital that President Roosevelt and Prime Ministei Clam hi! ,VJ
a bit upset over the way the announcement of Italy's siin.n.dr hi ok
into print in the United States.
According to insiders there was to be a joint statement from tJ
two leaders to coincide with the announcement from Or. D,vi;!;
Eisenhower which, under original pians was to coine at l :;o p ml
Sept. 8. However, there was a "leak and the news of U.e mml
tional surrender was flashed on press association wires long beforj
12 o'clock. There was no official statement from Washington
Only White House comment on Eisenhower's communique was
is General Eisenhower's story. Let him tell it." That's all that waj
said, but there were some red faces.
IN CONGRESSIONAL CLOAKROOMS and over c .vk'ails ii
Washington the betting today is going this way:
' Even money that the war will be over in Europe in six month
that Japan will be defeated by next July. (One will
get you three on a parlay.) How They'rf
Two-to-one that Germany will go down via an in- . ,
, Betting in
One-to-two that the Nazis will have to be beaten Washington
on the battlefield.
Four-to-one that congress will ban the drafting of fathers
Five-to-two that F. D. R. will be In the White House for anottid
four years (although with Italy out and an earlier end of the war U
prospect the odds are evening out eomewnat).
Three-to-two that the Democrats will split the New York adml
Istration and elect the state's lieutenant governor In November.
Five-to-four that New York's Governor Thomas Dewey will leal
the G. O. P. ticket in 1944.
Six-to-five that Mussolini will escape with comparatively liglf
punishment (odds takers insist on calling all bets off If II Duc
found dead, assassinated or commiU suicide before he U brought I
"It is difficult for an outsider to get into
the best Hollywood society," says a writer.
Presumably one has to live there quite a
time before beginning to. move in the best
triangles. The Humorist.
after making a wish (we bet we
could guess that wish with not
more than three guesses) . . . the
hostess cut the cake . . . into small
"ieccs, it is true . . . poured the
onnch and the party was on . . .
and it whs such a nice friendly
sociable party and everyone seem
ed to thoroughly enjoy it. . . . At
last the train blew for its pass
engers and soon pulled out. ... I
stayed behind and helped 'clear the
table.' . . .
"Now don't you think that was
a nice thing for that mother to
do? ... I have visited lots of
U. S. O.'s but never one that will
stay in my memory as this one will.
. . . In bringing my story to an
end, I must say this . . . Not one
of the service men or women from
that train had a birthday today.
. . . I couldn't see that cake go to
waste, sq I stepped forward . . .
for you see today is my birthday
. . . and when I told the hostess
it was she insisted that I should
share the honor with any other or
others who might be on the train
. . . but, lo and behold, I was the
guest of honor, alone . . ."
Then the demonstrations by Red i does not receive these three things
he can not be of much help to his
He should receive at least one
letter a week from home and if
his girl friend is thinking of him
at all she will write at least once
a week or more, and send him a
copy of the home paper. These
things will make a soldier happy.
He can carry the fight on with a
I am proud of the big war bond
rally that was put on in Waynes
ville September I6th, for every
dollar that is placed in war bonds
is going to help win this war.
I am now taking a three months'
course as a bombadier and expect
to finish around October 20th. I
like it. fine and T linnp tr ho nvpi
that came very close, there to do my part to help
I win our Victory that is sure to
Cross surgical dressings workers
two afternoons last week . . . they
were busy making (practice) dress
ings . . . folding each bit of gauze
with care ... we are told that
this certain type of sponge is not
manufactured, but the government
is depending on the women of
America to make them for our men
. . . when we think of what the
long cold winter will bring on the
battle-fields . . . and the need for
these bits of gauze for our army
doctors to use on the wounds of
our men . . . injured in battle . . .
we almost go all the way with the
boys ... in our minds to the firing
Letters To The
We are sure you agree with
Dudley Moore, that it was a nice
thing for a' mother to do for her
son . . . for think how many other
mother's sons she gave a touch of
home ... in that fleeting moment
The war has come mighty close
to us during the recent weeks in
the displays in the shop windows
on Main Street ... we were sur
prised to see how many articles
used directly in combat are manu
factured right here in Haywood
County . . . the displays were im
pressive beyond words . . ."for they
started one's imagination on the
run. . . . We stopped a number
of times . . . but we always found
ourselves dividing our attention
between the articles and the ex-
September 25, 1943
I just received a copy of The
Mountaineer and as it gives me all
the news of what is going on back
home, I had rather receive your
paper than all the fruit cakes
and apple pies you could send, and
I do love fruit cake and apple pie.
As I have been in the Air Corps
two years and three months, I
should know by now what a sol
dier likes best to receive from
home. There are three things that
come first, a letter from home,
one from his girl and his own
home town paper. If a soldier
CPL. WOODROW ARRINGTON
I'. S. Army Air Forces Pilots
School, U. S. Aimv Air Corps,
What do you consider the great
est fire hazard in the home?
Miss Sylla Davis "I think gen
eral carelessness is the cause of
HE OLD HOME TOWN
fcMN f FOOL ANOnieBRuer n cac S RBM
1.1KB THAT ANO YOu'l-t. PASS HIM -HfeSi
fjSHSi THEN HE WILL BE CHASNO You - lJ
Wlfati THC'SOBIMAIL CA(?R,EBl CW4 ELM STTSEtfl"' I
Lir&Lj'jjAr,. w.'nmm mmm - wu row i ,Z I
Mrs. E rely n Abel thlmrne-t
consider the electric iron the gri
est fire hazard in the hnme,
irons are often left on by
most intelligent persons."
Mrs. S'ohle Can i ll "The u
kerosene oil in starting fw.'
Paid Martin - '
tion of rubbish ;u
Clem Fiiztict "I!
lessness is the r.n
in the home than
tive flue, at least "i
R. C. Shctji- lil
Mrs. Edith I'.
have wiring clu
Ralph I'rrv.K' . : !
fective furnace- siM
Entitled To .Matches
WASHINGTON' - The '.'PA
onmo tn thd lvscuo of the cifrart
Hereafter, if a cigarette (te
(,,jo. t o-k-o :i nark ;1' raai1
1 - A. Li O V O L V' i V I
with each sale of cigarettes,
customer has some'lu'i? M
back on. ,
Anrinr to OPA amend
xt (i .ovininm price rep
tion No. 365, any dealer wno
triWM matches dunnn
1942, must continue to g:ve
..r i. fi,r,i the meanest i
1 lid V C X -
at last." ,
"Why, what did lie d0-
"He's deaf an. 1 he never
Would you I).
jobs with the all"'
" tm ' , . ...),. rher
ine- drues. who !.' ' -.
person must die
.on live' Read et
physicians in a traeie
October 1 ith issue
A IIV . - " ,
The Big Magazne i
Order f rom i '-