North Carolina Newspapers

    PAGE TWO (Second Section)
The Mountaineer
Published By
"Main Street Pliore ia7
Waynesville, North Carolina
.-, The County Seat of Haywood County
.WHS. 'HILDA WAY GWYN Associate Kditor
W. -Curtis Russ and Marion T. Bridges, Publishers
One Year, In Haywood County
Six Months, In Haywood County
One Year, Outside Haywood Counly
Six Months, Outside Haywood County
All Subscriptions Payable In Advance
$2 00
1 ..10
Klitrnxt at Hi r jiimt i.iriir al Wnt imvillr. N ('.. iih NmhiuI
C1ihh MjiI Mitt", ii' .r.. ..l.-.l uiiilw l In- Ail "t VI.,, il, i, 1TJ,
.Sunilier , lull.
Obituary miilies, n-w.lut ..I i i . t .1 1 . 1 .,( tl r. m.-l
It iiules ol -,,m tai,),iii-,i' ', j M. til. uill In 'Iwnyi'-I lui .it
II, i i'i on- -"l Ml '''I
Nonh Carolina vl.
(One Day Neurer Victory)
Agricultural Fields
Haywood County farmers were i'ortmmte
in having this county selected for the meet
ing of the hurley tobacco growers and
livestock men which was held here last
Tobacco and livestock are last beeominj.'.
the two major crops of, the farms in this
section anil with the discussions for this
part of the state held here the Haywood
farmers did not have far to travel for the
valuable information that was given last
night by the two specialists front Washing
ton, I). C.
Likewise are the dairymen lucky in hav
ing this section chosen in which to hold one
of the 15 Mastitis schools in the state since
this special field of dairying is growing by
leaps and bounds vith increased milk production.
Heal Estate
Activity in real estate sales has not been
so keen here since the memorable days of
the 1j20's whn it reached its peak to that
date as it has been during the past few
months. However there is a difference in
1945 in the sales as compared to those of
the earlier date there is more money and
the purchases are being paid tor in cash.
In view of the expansion of old business
firms and .the development of new industries
in this area, the boom in real estate, if it
could be termed that, would appear to be
more a result ot''hat we actually have de
veloped here rather than a bid for more
' The sales are not the gamble they were
back in the twenties when a few dollars
were put down and the rest recorded on
paper. We trust that the sales are rather
indicative of a still greater development
for the post war days than an inflation.
From present indications it looks as if
this community will have a large modern
hotel. This has been needed for many years
and has been agitated by various groups,
but the current plans gie more promise
than any in the past, of realization.
' We have been waiting for many years,
one might say for some outsider to discover
US and come here and build us a hotel.
Now we are starting it right here at home,
and we feel that the movement will bring
satisfactory results and will represent a fine
community piece of cooperation.
. Now is the time to get things started,
for when travel starts in the steady stream
that is being generally anticipated we must
Have accommodations for those who will
come this way. . The organization for con
struction of a modern hotel plant complete
now, will mean thfct when materials are
available the building can start at once.
We understand that for the past two
weeks it has been hard for visitors in town
to find rooms. If conditions are such at
present, what will they be when peace has
brought things back to normal. As we
have often -commented before, if we fail to
have the accommodations here, visitors will
seek other places, for we know they are
coming to Western North Carolina, and it
is up to us whether or not this area is in
cluded in their itinerary.
With the proposed developments in the
Bark area. realized, new roads, new cars, and
plenty of gas, which the near future will
hold, it is imperative now for this section to
get ready in a big way on the planning for
rooming and feeding our visitors.
Government Spending
June war expenditures by the Federal Gov
ernment totaled .ti7.XK5,)00,000, or liHl mil
lion dollars less than was spent in May.
Total expenditures for the war since July 1,
1!M0, have amounted to $290,385,000,000. It
is so far beyond our comprehension and
imagination that wy merely blink our eyes
and gasp for realization of the magnitude
of the amount.
(One Da Nearer Victory) THURSDAY. ACf;i-.iiTl
On Second Thought . . .
The strange sense of unreality that came
with the announcement last week of the
atomic bombing of Hiroshima, has passed.
At that time it seemed as if the "funny"
papers had opened up, and that all of its
weird fantasies had suddenly come to life.
Today, after sober reflection, we know
that "Flash" Cordon and Superman are
right back in the "funnies" where they be
long, and most of us are back again in this
world, facing the same old realities that
we have collie to know so well.
No on' in his right mind can deny the
importance of the atom bomb. No one can
doubt the achievement of thoe American
a.nd Hritish scientists who have succeeded
in harnessing atomic energy. Nor is there
any doubt as to the enormous' prospect that
has been opened up to future peacetime
generations as a result of their work.
m Jim .
Everyday Counsel
What was your reaction to the
announcement of the ttmUc bomb?
Lt. Tom Hill "I was surprised
at the way it had been kept a
secret. I think it could be the
Kiealest preserving force, if prop
erly controlled. I also believe that j God tlount te laws of man
il will help cement the United iNa
lions Charter."
Kobert W. Livingston ' 1 hardly
know how to explain my reactions.
We are getting back to the princi
ples of life, lt must not get in the
hands of our enemy for if it did we
would be completely destroyed. '
C. R. Roberts "I can hardly put
in words. The thing 1 fear is that
if it is not controlled it may be
hard on all of us."
A Bit Misleading
It is strange the ideas one country gets
about another. We do not doubt but that
as a nation we will change our ideas very
much about the people of Europe and the
Pacific area when the men come back and
give their impressions.
While this is true there is no doubt that
the people of the countries in Europe and
out in the Pacific and other parts of the
world nU'ected by World War II will have
changes to make in their former estimates
about America.
As proof of this we read with interest that
a Dutch listener to Voice of America, OWI's
short wave station had the following com
ment to make: "Now that we know better
than we did before tile war that there are
others in the I'niled States besides money
makers, movie stars and advertisers and
that at the real core of the U. S. A. are
organizers, technicians and soldiers of a
high quality."
Such statements as the foregoing reveal
that there is an opportunity for another of
those cooperative, intra-industry enter
prises, which business -is learning to use.
We would likt now that our foreign neigh
bors are so much closer for them to have
a better understanding of us. It may pay
in big dividends, but perhaps this greater
understanding will come about naturally in
time as .-pace is more and more eliminated
by swifter means of transportation.
We are at least indebted to the CI for
giving Europeans and other foreigners a
new picture of us.
The above pictures of T-Sgt. Grady Vinson Howell, Jr., son of Mr.
and Mrs G. V. Howell, of Jonathan Creek. They are Before and
After The lirst before Sgt. Howell had been captured by the Ger
mansand bad experienced only the American way of life. The
other After when he was a prisoner of war after he had been
living on the limited menu of a German-held POW and had endured
the days ol anxiety and suspense that a prisoner of war finds his lot.
Vocabulary of Conflict
Overseas dispatches report that an objec- j
tion by the Hays Office in Hollywood to the;
words "hell" and "damn" may postpone in- i
definitely the showing in the United States;
of a war film which opened last week in '
London theatres. This Anglo-American-di-j
rec ted documentation of the Normandy inva-j
sion and battles in France and Germany was j
for a time held up by British censors who ;
found fault with the expletive "bloody", a :
word highly offensive to the ears of manner
lv Britt ins, whether in war or peace. The
censors finally passed the film on the basis :
that it was an honest picturization of the i
war and the men who fought it.
One can but wonder at the Hays ban and
agree with what doubtless must have been;
British judgment that no true recording of!
front-line life can be made without the use!
and sound of explosive words whose power
of emphasis and tinge of dirt fit them to a
vocabulary of mud and battle. For the emo
tions that war releases are not those which
are expressed calmly in language of either
desk or drawing room. War, as those who
fight it best know, is a damnable business
of death and destruction, which in too many
of its aspects must rival the inferno of
Dante or Milton's hell.
From a Washington, a Grant and a Far
ragut, from officers and men in all past wars
and in today's stepped-up, mechanized meth
ods of man destroying man, war has de
manded and extorted words from which the
Hays Office, in the fulfillment of its duties,
might wish to protect sensitive ears of motion-picture
audiences. But such words, one
knows, will not be excised from the living
and dying tongues of actors in war's fiery
drama until a more powerful censorship
than that of Hollywood removes the per
formance from a world stage. New York'
Herald Tribune.
Yet the amazing thing today is that the lines brought by the
privatum, of a prison camp are wiped out in his joy of freedom at
home in America, for Sgt. Ilowell now looks like the lirst picture
maybe a hit older. He is about the most cheerful prisoner of war
we have talked to or rather he makes lighter of his months in a
prison camp than any ex-prisoner we have interviewed. But be
says "There are prison camps and prison camps, and some are better
than other and some are worse."
Sj't Ilowell entered the service. In August, 194H, one year
after leaving North Carolina State College. Raleigh. lie was
inducted ill Camp ('roll, and was sent overseas in November, 1944.
He was stationed in England- and it was on his 24th mission over
enemy territory that his plane a U-24 Liberator -was shot down
over Germany. He was serving as an engineer of the crew and
they had dropped their bombs and started back to their base in
England when the Jerries shot at them. The pilot was killed out
right and two others seriously wounded. Sgt. Howell with the others
bailed out and as they landed the Germans were watching and
waiting. "We ran about a mile, trying to make the woods, belore
tliev caught us." he explained. "But I was prepared to live at least
two weeks on concentrated chocolates emergency bars."
"We did not make the woods, for the Germans overtook us and
we were captured, lt is not a good feeling, hut there is nothing to
be (tone about it at the time, but wait and hope for the best. We
were joined bv 2f or 3d other prisoners and taken to Oldenburg
where we spent the night, and the next day sent .to Frankt'ord. Other
prisoners were added to our group as we .-made our way to Frankford
and later to a camp near Vienna. We had a four days ride in box ears,
crowded and hungry like all the other prisoners of war were lvandled.
One thing I want to tell you is that the Blue Danube is not so blue,
as you may have been told, it is just a dirty, river." he said with a
smile anil some disappointment.
1 iien the arrival at the permanent camp near Vienna, which
pioved to be a dirty, filthy hole with mora '-than 4.000 American
prisoners and the fear continually that in the -bombing of Vienna
the camp would be struck. There were 100 in Sgt. Howell's barracks
and the food was the regulation POW chow, lt made us ashamed
of ourseKes. when he told us that for breakfast; they had a cup of
hot water when we here in America at that' time were ready to
gripe if we had to do without!
bacon and our pr
butter. Then lor
re-war portion of Time was orw&hing you had plentv
r dinner a bowl s. ....
oi. we mra' a cnapiain in our
crew. He had served through the
African campaign, so he knew
what it was all about. He was
a Catholic, but hold Protestant
services -in bwr American section.
We also, had three camp doctors
Rev. frank Leatherwaod "1
think it is legitimate touse."
Guy Massie "I was in favor of
using it on the Japs, but i is a
terrible thing to think about what
it might do when the war is over."
Miss S. A. Jones "It is abso
lutely inconceivable to realize the
horrors il will bring, and also the
advantages to mankind, if harness
ed. There is so much more to lt
than its use for war. If developed
it could do so much that many
jobs would be eliminated and might
oiler undreamed of employment
Felix Stovall "The question is
too big for me to answer."
Sain (ueen--"I think it is the
greatest invention we have bad to
date, anil that It will hasten and
'tccp peace."
Dr. Sam Striugfield "My reac
tion was that it would bring the
war to iv speedy end."
Rev. 1.. G. KlllotU-"I can hardly
)tit into words. The thing I fear
is that if it is not controlled it will
be too hard on us all.""
and we had good medical attention.
"Considering everything the
morale of the prisoners was pretty
good. 1 always figured that I had
a half chance to get out, but I
did not try to escape, because I
knew they would shoot me. I tried
to content myself and make the
most of the situation. Last sum
mer I even got a wonderful sun
tan and I know that the sunshine
wa; good for me," he commented.
"My first letter came in October,
1944, some five months after I
was put in a camp. I then receiv
ed mail regularly until February
and after that things were hap
pening pretty fast in Europe, as
you may recall. After April 8,
they started us marching out of
camp to get away from the advanc
ing Russians who were heading to
ward Vienna. We often worried
about being killed by our own
troops as the city was bombed so
much. On the march we slept
part of the time in the open, and
had very little food. Then the
dramatic end came with our lib
eration by the Third Army. The
German colonel decided that he
might as well surrender, for his
days were numbered. I wish tha't
you could have seen us when an
American Captain took over and
notified us that we were no longer
prisoners of war. It was funny
to watch the faces of our guards
as the tables were turned and we
started disarming them and taking
away their supplies."
A nice round figure is very helpful
the bank.
in !
of soup made from potato peel
ings, rough grass and weeds and
at night another cup of hot water.
Then sometimes for dinner the
soup would he changed to potatoes.
The Sergeant recalls with a wry
smile Christmas Day in camp.
While we were eating a regular
Christmas dinner here in America '
in 1944 the POVV's were given I
three small potatoes for their cele
bration, but the American boy is
hard to outwit, and the POW s had
saved their Red Cross parcels for
weeks before Christmas and staged
a celebration of thj.'ir own with
honest to goodness cake. As in all
POW camps they were supposed to
get a Red Cross parcel once a
week, but after a time transporta
tion problems began to hold ship
ments up. Some Russian prison
ers were a few feet away from
our barracks and at night, against
orders, of course, we would pitch
things to them and had a lively
bit of trading. An American cig
arette could buy anything in Eu
rope. 'But we were luckier than most
ramps for we had a library of be
tween 7,000 and 8.000 volumes, but
the lights went off promptly at
9:00 o'clock, so you had to do
your reading in the day time, but
you certainly had plenty of time.
You see the non-commissioned of
ficers are nut required to work, so
Sgt. Howell arrived in the States
in June and was sent to Fort Mc
Pherson and when his furlough is
up here will go to Miami for re
assignment. He is entitled to wear
the Good Conduct medal; Euro
pean theatre ribbon and one battle
star. Arrowhead and Air Medal
with three clusters. He takes his
months in a German prison camn
as part of the penalty of war,- and
does not like to dwell on the hor
rors of a POW. He is looking to
the future to picking up life
where it- was interrupted and
building a new one with greater
appreciation for his country for
which he fought and suffered.
j WHERE s 1 THE.MULE H" -me one
r r J BACK AC FOl-s -
You may think you can beat
your conscience, but you cant!
Silly people still fool themselve;
with the idea that then- conduct
is their personal business. Tiny
think -they can ignore the lav.s ol
get away with it. Their number
is increasing.
There are thise who say that
Wf you can club your
conscience into
insensibility, that
bv c o n I i nuaih
disregarding i t
t .. .,
f won't bear it. II
anyone living can
Drove that them v
cert a i n 1 y Ger
many's war lead
ers ought to be
able to do so.
I:" co(1
Ol II;,.
slant !
"I an,
A -l1itfS,
. A f t e
the world into the holocaust of
war, committing thousands ol in
nocent victims to torture, sadism
brutality and death, they certain
ly ought to be burdened to it.
But what is the evidence1' The
headlines read, "Captured German
Leaders Cracking Up As They
Await Trial For War Crimes."
Long ago Shakespeare wrote.
"Conscience doth make cowards of
us all." Nazidom's supposed "iron
men" are "breaking morally and
Swashbuckling Hermann Cod
ing who directed the London blitz,
and the ruthless and unprovoked
bombing of Rotterdam, is in ab
ject fear of death. He recently
had a heart attack as a result of
a thunderstorm. A vial of poison
; -" '
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Central Pi ess Wiii-r
THE U. S. ARMY'S "This Is
the Army" show has earned
$10,000,000 profit for the serv
ice's relief fund. That other
show the one Uncle Sam is
putting on in the air above
Japan is an even bigger
! ! !
Canned sandwiches are a post
war promise. However, the pic
nic ant. no doubt, will develop
the ability to bore through tin.
how a f. I!
port. ,11
libi two v. '
, 'letj-stetln
'. infill
:j vaca'.ion.
Tlut sfi:.,n, "Food
W trapon," nn(:v Hue It
relative who ow:n i M
certainly consols the sir J
i i i
A reader wants to know
fact that President Trunin
best piano player offlOM
Biq Three shouldn't mart
the conference's key n
'il 'a a k 'Bh a ak aj A
VflntUnbera DilDellinq GOP I Schwellenbach Avoidil
Opposition fo U.'n." Charter' Over Proposed lobar
Special to Central Press
WASHINGTON Diplomatic: observers credit Senator Ai
.Vandenberg (R) Mich., with dissipating much of the poter.M.
publican opposition to the United Nations ( barter.
When the late President Roosevelt asked Vand.-nberg to I
delegate to San Francisco, many felt that the Umf executive
put over another masterful political coup
' The Michigan Republican's activity in charting' the L' S o
......... . . .. ii ... i l r ni
, Denea mis. wun lormer i.nv nu" i - i
Minnesota Republican. VamknUrg showed
the nation's international r,,! l:,uiJ k
bi-partisan basis.
.When Vandenberg returned tu VVashitigtoij
reitfTAteri fnreefiillv his suutiuit "f trie m
Some thought his speech ou-ishaJowd tt
peal made by Senator Thomj CVnnally
Texas., foreitrn relations committee chain
Observers also noted that Van.IrtiUrgsplH
fore the Detroit Economic i !ub a'u s'.im
as a determined, ardent sui r','r"'r of A&'
particlnation in post-war i:itrtnjRs! u
The twn sneerhes not onlV stated unequal
Vandenberg's reasons for a,l!i, n-nu '.Vii
pated opposition argunifi ts an I Kno-lt
clear of the controversy provoked by the pe ; ' " '
Industrial Labor Relations act, introduced by -n.-iturs JP
IP) uir,n . Un a r,. ,r ni,,n on.l i',d Hituhi"1'
Thp rnhlnot mpmlwr envo Via la ryrtt pvetl t'-'lH' t' rt'lk'
Until h .Amntata MArffnnio,inn f hla I Ip, , t . 1
Sen Ijslpr Hill ,ni Ala r,thr mpmher of t!.' Ciffii J
that sponsored the resolution urging U S I' !rl'' '''tlu"alj
cooperation for peace, was requested by his tlir. - ci!!rat'J
In sponsoring the labor legislation but refuse ! ,
Hill received strong support" from labor m his c'
Sen. James Fulbrlght (D), Ark., also was a-i - ! u P--- 1
on me oor Din out aeennea. a storm oi : ;
hs arisen in labor ranks.
f.-r re,
! ,r,..;'-y
Department and at Pacific flet headquarters
are biting their nails about tow to get to s -
ends. There were plenty of disappointments an.e
list when 29 admirals were shifted recently
Few civilians understand how important it i
officers to get commands afloat. It might be '.! '
low and high rank after the war. because s '
preference to those with sea records.
That's tough on the men who are consul--'
planning posts ashore. There are several such
Fleet Adms. Chester W. Nimitz and Ernest J Kin? jj
One such admiral who finally got a break-nJ uf Mj( d
vice Anm. jonn Towers, the Navy's no. i aim ',u j nlfi l.llt SU'-ll"111
-viw jmuo in wasningiun unu ine Era."'- it-rsia-
ocwniu run i ibsk iorce rrom vice-ftuiu. y
Because of the unprecedented wartime expa."-su
there will be plenty of postwar competition for t I1 c'
Beet and other activities are cut down to peacetime r.eo-
THE DUKE OF WINDSOR, former king of England
lor American-made pipes inH
ASKed if he has other smokers' troubles aooui
ting good English pipes during the war. the c! ike I
launched into a discussion of American pipes, label-
tog some of them excellent. He particularly like
aome made in mun ihnn in kti vnrk Citv. v. u
Reminded that several well-known English fii:s VLvA
luroea oy his endorsement of American piF65
na conceded: jThat might be right!".

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