AUE JWp (Second ecjl9i?)
1 'J4iiWl- jf: 'M JVfiT
THE WAYNESVILLE PRINTING CO.
Main Strict Phone 137
Waynesville, North Carolina
The County Seat of Haywood County
a CURTIS RUSS Editor
;S HILDA WAY GWYN Associate Editor
vV Curtis Russ and Marion T. Bridges, Publishers
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Ruveuilwr .:o, 1914.
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THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 22, 1945 ,
Our Wonderful Language
American is really a wonderful language
and not to say fearful for a foreigner. When
any establishment is closed up for any rea
son, we thereafter may refer to it aa shut
down. If anything exciting is in progress,
one newcomer may ask what's going on and
the next may inquire what's coming off
both will be understood. In case we yell ex
citedly for someone to look out, we very
probably intend for him to take his head
in, and so it goes. Memphis Commercial
Taxes and Debt
We have read much on the subject, and
we find ourselves confused. Federal taxes
are definitely going down, but at the same
time our national debt is definitely going up.
We are told that this year's deficit will add
30 billion dollars to the huge debt total of 262
When one is a taxpayer it is a natural
thing to be happy over a reduction of taxes,
but there are issues involved in the set-up
that confuses us. We notice that Senator
George, of Georgia, had misgivings on the
subject but the treasury and the majority of
both the House and Senate committees were
We feel that the elimination of excess
profits taxes is necessary to industrial recov
ery, but we do not feel that it is wise to cut
excise taxes on luxuries if the national debt
is not being reduced. A good yard stick to
judge by to us is whether or not the plan is
helpful in promoting the national economy,
or does it hold other motives ?
We recall in the days following the depres
sion we thought the spending of the govern
ment agencies would break the country, and
now they seem a drop in the bucket to the
stupendous state of our national debt today.
It has been a long time since the attack on
Pearl Harbor, but this November brings us
the first Thanksgiving Day which we can
celebrate in an environment of peace since
that fatal day.
We have so much for which to be thankful.
Are we grateful enough? We should be
thankful that we did not have to pay the
price others have for victory, for we have
not suffered the great economic dislocations
that so many other countries have experi
enced. There are millions of people in Amer
ica who have had more of material wealth
than they have ever enjoyed in their lives.
Rationing was only a mild inconvenience, for
only those who suffered the loss of loved
ones have made real sacrifices.
Thanksgiving will find mililons of our men
still away from home on duty in Japan and
Germany, but they are out of danger of
combat, so the sacrifice of separation is neg
ligible to conditions last Thanksgiving Day.
From the Agriculture Department in
Washington comes news that Americans may
have more to eat in 1946 than ever before in
the country's history.
From London despite redoubled relief gf
forts by the victorious Allied powers, tfeg
unhappy continent of Europe faces om of th
bleakest, saddest winters since the ctaon of
the Thirty Years' War, reports from kgy
cities show. Cold, famine and misery vie witH
each other in the ruins Of last year's battle
fields. In China and' Japan there is hunger and
poverty. We see pictures every day of the
destitute and homeless.
Again are we as, grateful as we should be
for the good, things, pf America ? . ,
sSHoni i CoraUno 4s
We see that James H. Hanea, chairman of
the Forsyth County Commisisoners has some
new ideas about county and city govern
ments. He is advocating the consolidation
of the government of Winston-Salem, and
the town of Kernersville with that of the
Whether or not it will work, certainly
offers an interesting study in experimental
government, and something new in North
Carolina. In Forsyth County it might be
more simple than in others as Kernersyille
and Winston-Salem are the only two munici
palities in the county.
If the plan is carried through the results
will be observed with interest by the other
99 counties of the state.
A Lesson For Labor
We read the following "lesson for labor"
during the week which offers some food for
thought: "Strikes are the implements of
force, picket lines the implements of intimi
dation. Neither of these mediums is a proper
procedure in a democracy, regardless of how
worthy the objectives unionized labor seeks.
"We have just concluded a catastrophic
war resulting in the greatest loss of life,
physical assets and wealth the world has ever
known. The perpetrators of this holocaust
used the twin mediums of force and intimi
dation to seek to achieve their objectives,
which they, too, felt were justifiable. That
they were repulsed by the rest of the civilized
world we can give fervent thanks . Let us
hope that the moral drawn by these parallels
is not lost today."
Tobacco in Haywood
The Burley crop in Haywood County this
year is expected to bring over a million dol
lars to the growers, according to figures
released last week by II. M. Dulin, secretary
of the Haywood Agricultural Conservation
Association. The tobacco crop in Haywood is
becoming an important source of income.
The U. S. Agriculture Department de
scribes the 1946-47 tobacco outlook as favor
able, which is heartening news to us here in
Haywood, for it gives promise of continued
income from our Burley.
This forecast by the Agriculture Depart
ment is based in the probable high levels of
domestic consumption of tobacco products,
particularly cigarettes and large exports.
It is pointed out that stocks of tobacco in
England, and other important countries are
so low that it will take several years of above
average imports to rebuild them to pre-war
size. The United States is the only country
in which large quantities of tobacco are avail
able for export. Dollar exchange may be a
major problem in most countries, during the
next few years, but tobacco is such an im
portant source of revenue to most foreign
governments that arrangements likely will
be made for its purchase, according to the
For sometime the public has been under
clouds of perplexity about Russia. She seems
a country hard for Americans to understand.
Bringing it to our own doorstep, we have
heard a number of Hayood veterans say, who
have fought with them and been liberated by
them, "I can't understand the Russians."
We had thought that after the war ended
in Europe these doubts would dissolve and a
closer relation would exist. Sumner Welles,
former undersecretary of State is discour
aged by lack of understanding.
Mr. Welles seems confident that the United
Nations Organization cannot function suc
cessfully unless its establishment is accom
panied by a practical understanding between
Moscow and Washington. Such an under
standing alone can make the two great
powers cooperate together to make the
United Nations Organization work.
On the other hand Mr. Welles points out
that most of us seem to underestimate the
inherent capacity of the United Nations Or
ganization to become under such conditions
a guaranty of world progress arid world
If such conditions are true, it is high time
that we had better understanding before the
clouds of doubt become too dense and prevent
a true sight of affairs.
One refreshing thing about the current
arguments is the shining light of the fact
that pever has the world been so much con
cerned about keeping peace, which gives hope
that seme of the stumbling blocks wdli be
It is getting so hard to Peach the new ceil
ing prices thit there is danger some of us
may get stiff necks.
They say crime doesn't pay bat we bave
.heard of a number of authors, not to menti6n
publishers who appear to be doing very well
THE WAYNES yiLLg MOUNTAINEER
LATEST "DOPE" FROM GERMANY
HERE and THERE
HILDA WAY GWYN
If you have known a man since
he was a small boy, no matter what
he has done to erase those early
years, you think of him in terms
of both boy and man. The lirst
sight we had of Lt. Ben Colkitt.
Jr., naval aviator, home from the
Pacific, our mind flow back over
the years and we saw Iho top of the
chest of drawers in Ins room, which
was at the head of the stairs and
a favorite stopping place for the
grown-up visitors in his home
they wanted to see if he had any
new pianos Some few had been
bought, but most of them he had
made, models that were the thrill
of his life all lined up in forma
tion like a miniature carrier deck.
Then as we took in his decorations
and ribbons we remembered two
years ago when lie flew low over
Main street as a gesture to say
"Hello to his home folks," while
on routine training flying.
"The Hell Cat" Fighters (carrier
based fighters) made a last bif
splurge of fighting, but we knocker'
them all down. When the Thirc'
fleet carrier strikes were made th
Jap fleet in the Kure Naval bas
in Japan sent up all the anti
aircraft they had," he continued
"Yes, you have to know exactly
how to land on a carrier, and it i
no fun at night. 1 had to make
two night landings. One time wr
were intercepted and by the tiiw
we got back, it was dark. Then
are many crashes, for often th
ocean is rough and the ship ii rid
ing high. One time I recall it wa
at a 45 degree angle," he explained
"Yes, the nearest I ever got to ;
Jap plane was two miles, but w
got hjm before he got us," he sail
with a grim smile.
"Even while they were negotia'
ing for peace the Japs sent ou
more planes, and the more the
sent the more we got. We were a'
most afraid of peace, for we wer
warned that it might be anothe
Pearl Harbor, we must keep ou
powder dry for they might b
tricking us. We were advised U
hold ourselves until we got bacl
home to celebrate," he said ii
speaking of V-J day.
"It was the mightiest displa
ever seen as far as sea power wa'
concerned when peace terms wert
made. For both British as well a
Americans were verging on Tokv
Bay. As long as we flew over Japp
wo flew loaded,. All guns read
o fire," he added.
"Alter the armistice our job wa
to fly over the Jap prison camp
ind drop food and supplies to th
orisoners. They would 50 cni?
with joy. We had to be very care
ful and drop everything inside th'
stockades, or the Japs would no
'et them have the things. We als
Most boys in the armed forces
had a line of duty that was a far
call from any previous interest or
work, but not in Ben's case. His
military training seems only a con
tinuation of his hobbies as a young
boy, which wore finally put to test
over Tokyo Bay. Flying over land
is bad enough to us, but with
nothing but the ocean to land on
gives us the creeps to think about.
But not so Lt. Colkitt, who says
that "the .water was ours, but if we
landed on the homeland of the
Japs that was another story that
offered little hope.
Ben volunteered during his
senior year at Davidson College
(he had wanted to get in two years
before, but his parents would not
give their consent). He was called
to active duty two weeks after hi."
graduation and reported to the Uni
versity of Georgia for his pre
flight training. This was follower
by a period at Ana Costia, D. C.
where he took his primary train
ing. Then to the Naval Air Base
Pensacola, Fla., where he receiver'
his wings and commission as an
ensign in the U. S. Naval Reserve
He served at the Pensacola Naya'
Operations Training center as ar
instructor. After that he had r
variety of assignments. He was sen'
to San Diego for a short tour of
duty in aircraft photographic work
then he served as an experimental
pilot in rockets.
I put a note on
iges and just this
er from the prisoner, now in thr
"I think the
hpuld be given
hey are brought back to the Stater
ind should be built up physically
ind then sent back
laps. They would
deal with them, for
'he opportunity to
said with much
Lt. Colkitt speaks
After this he was assigned to thf
famous Top Hat Fighting Squadror
and sent to Nevada for training
His next transfer took him tr
Hawaii and then on to Guam, fo)
lowed by duty in the Philippine
and then to Japan, where we reall'
started fighting in July of thir
year, according to Lt. Colkitt.
in flying and altitudes as calmly bf
ve might of the 30
ville and traveling
miles, and as he talks of making
oictures 15,000 feet high and flying
it 600 miles an hour while making
strikes. When their last strikes
were made they
the coast of Japan.
Lt. Colkitt, son of
He was aboard the USS Benning
Ben Colkitt, of
ton, Essex Class carrier, whiel
made such a record out in thr
Pacific, as part of the fast carrie'
different attitude about his experi
ences as compared with most fly
ers. The majority are through for
ever with travel in the air. They
never want to fly a plane again,
but Ben at present feels pretty
task force of Admiral HalseyV
fleet. He served with Fightinr
Squadron, one of Air Group One
on the ship.
"As a lone fighter, you get so
familiar with your ship that yoi
know all the gadgets, for knowing
your plane means knowing your
life, if not you would be killed
I guess I was followed by the
elements of luck, for I certainly
had some close calls." he said when
asked how a pilot on a fighter
plane without any crew can fly
and fight at the same time.
"Our group had been together
for a year, and we worked in for
mation and we were only as good
as our weakest man," he continued
"Our strikes averaged arounr1
five hours, which left us Just about
enough, gas to get back. Fighter
sweeps were ordered to clear the
sky of Jap planes. This might have
been a much bigger order had the
Japs sent out more planes at this
stage, but they were shot down as
fast as they came out, so they
kept close to their own bases. Japs
are fanatical fighters, but good
ones. They had plenty of courage,
They would send raids out after
the fleet and keep right on until
every man was shot down," he
cinr thp war is over do you
think the government should con
tinue to pay subsidiaries on cer
tain agricultural products?
W. R. Francis
"Well the need for food Is about
as great as it was during the war,
so I suppose it is as important to
continue the payment of subsidiar
ies now as then.
"No, I think we should get back
to pre-war days, for the govern
ment has enough to pay."
C. N. Allen
"No, I do not think the govern
ment should continue to pay sub
sidiaries." J. E. Barr
"Yes in certain instances where
over production has been encour
aged, otherwise the farmer might
W. C. Allen
"Yes, I do, for some of them
were started before the war, and
I think they should be continued
;n some cases until things are set
led." f. P. Dicus
"I am willing to leave that to the
'oiks in Washington to 9ettle, and
f really haven't given the matter
Tames W. KiUian
"No, but I think it should be
lone gradually on a sliding scale."
"No, I think it is time to quit
"I doubt if it should be contln
ted at this time."
'lush J. Sloan
"It is tied with the labor unions,
nd if they want inflation for the
nion labor, then the farmer is en
itled to the equivalent differen
ial." About Face
She was pretty and ambitious
nd had studied the matrimonial
roblem to a nicety.
"Yes, I suppose I shall marry
ventually," she said, "but the only
ind of masculine nuisance that
ill suit me must be tall and dark
nth classical features. He must
e brave, yet gentle. He must be
.rong a lion' among men, but
knight among women."
That evening the very opposite
f the above described male rat
ed on the back door and the girl
nocked four tumblers and a cut
lass dish off the sideboard in her
:iste to let him in.
Little Tommy's daddy was al
ays being disappointed with his
in s school report. At last he
romised him a quarter if he did
omething really clever.
A few days later Tommy came
lome in great glee.
"O-oh, daddy!" he exclaimedfi "I
an do something teacher can't!"
"What's that?" asked the delight
"I can read my own writing."
ure that he will stay in the serv
'ce, so it is all in the day's run.
He has just begun his life's career
if flying. Even if he gets out he
olans to stay in his line of avaiation
work. After talking with him, you
Set the feeling that he should not
leave it, for his interests are deep
rooted. He is well prepared to do
his job of flying whatever it might
be, for he has a thorough knowl
edge and a steady nerve, which no
doubt added largely to that ele
ment of luck, which be claims fol
lowed him through the Pacific.
to the prisonei;
one of the pack
week I had a let
me for what we
prisoners of war
special care wher
to govern thr
know how to
they have had
know them," he
miles to Asbe-
at 35 or 45
were 300 miles off
Lt. Colkitt is entitled to wear
the Air medal; Gold Star in lieu
of a second air medal; Distin
guished Flying Cross; Asiatic
Pacific Theater ribbon with one
battle star; American Theater rib
bon: and World War II Victory
medal; and added to these the en
tire community is proud of his
Mr. and Mrs
Waynesville, has a
Rv STAIMI FY
PgU POST VAR WORRIES NUe
Housing Problem May Bring
Behind the Scenes Battle
oy treighton'j a
Special to Centra Press
) WASHINGTON You can look for some bittpr ba'-v-scenes
In Washington on the explosive houi.-.g probie"'
Reconversion Chief John W Snvder ha h. u.,.
endless round of conferences with other stabiUau'orf r! j
an enon 10 worn oui a pmn mm wui piease at least a f
There has been a frantic tug-of-war between rh
wants ceiling prices slapped on new housing and Snyder tJ
rmmmmi. B ter reportedly withheld his suoonrt ,,.;, Jl
feel out Congress on the matter
The climax came befnrw , a,
" -jcimte sirs"'
. "-n support
ceiling proposal, but Snyder denied flaUv
soon tha nlana Wfaum . , J
ov-w, .. u(J uy Hester Bovr'J
aumuusiruuun s most outspoken eXDnn..
hold-the-line policy nt
Some observers were flabbergasted at J
denial. They felt sure Bowles
sented his opinions to Snyder, w
still ts pursuing an "on-the-fence"
At any rate, the housing problem i. .
John W. Snydtr toward a showdown in high government
It will be up to Congress to decide on'
prices wiil be held down, a move that will please only the a
citizen wno wants to ouuu a mouesi nome
OUT OF WASHINGTON'S WHIRLING RUMOR MILL has
the report that Democratic Party Chairman Bob Hannegan J
on Agriculture Secretary Clinton Anderson and Undersecret
u. iiuison ior appoinung un uiuiana nepuDiican as chief
department's poultry branch.
The appointee was Robert Creighton. GOP speaker of the H
House of Representatives. It is being noised about the capita
Hannegan bluntly informed Anderson and HuUun they could
named a Democrat to the post, that Crcighton s appointmer
not helping the party
Of course, a spokesman for Anderson denied the whole storj
angle was that "we wanted a man to do the job and did nd
Creighton his politics.
Take your choice.
THE NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD is so w:
win, orrikp vnte petitions it is using every method it can th
to get cut the ballots and to conduct the voting. OidinarJ
NLRB uses polling Dooms manneu uy us own personnel.
Recently, however, the board started mailing out strike
and trying to get unions and employers to distribute them
the workers. In some instances the NLRB has even called
commercial letter-mailing firm to send them out.
In one tv. i-month period the NLRB received nearly TOO
vote petition involving at least 5,000 employees.
THE PENT-UP HUNGER of, American women for nylon
in tn heautifv alreadv lovely legs may have reperaiss:.
Japan's reconversion to a peace-time economy not based o
Tho trend is indicated in incidents in Washington and otkci
ing cities of stores being mobbed by women whenever thejl
nylons on sale. In the nation s capital a aoume line lorraeo
n ontirA nitv hlnck when nvlons were placed on display.
Before the war Japan did a brisk business in silk, iij
product of many a Japanese worm encased snapeiy
American legs. Japan in the post-war years is sup- Co
posed to turn again to sun ana oiner uanmcaa m-
dustries to keep her people rrom starving. i
Moor, while unr forced America's nvlon industry W
tn ovnnnri and industiv leaders are going to mane
every effort to convince American women that their producl
good or better than silk.
The next year should tell the story, ar.-l it may be a ei
for Japan's silk industry.
REV. HERBERT SPAUGH, D. D.
"Wherefore they are no more
twain but one flesh. What there
fore God hath joined together, let
not man put asunder." Thus the
Bible describes a true marriage,
made and blessed of God. Sadly,
we must admit that not all mar
riages are blessed of God. It is dif
ficult to believe that a hasty mar
riage performed by some civil of
ficial under the sudden impulse of
emotion has the blessing of God.
Such marriages are not often en
during. In a true marriage which results
in the birth of a child, the two be
Happy Man iace'
form suilal.''!' mr :i
sent upiiii i i'c v 'i;.t "1
FRANCE'; OU-ilFRT F:;
It's so oas to be
Thankful for ihc
Big things in life.
And wo should ho.
But the litilo thiiif
Are the heart-beat
Of modern civiitotiM
It's the iit'le thin?
That try our ?ouis
Or lift our spirits.
For instance: wh not
Breathe a th.mksfining.
Benediction to a setting
c... Oni tn all its
come one flesh in
'he new life of
the child, but
there is more
than that. There
is the death of
two selfish atti-
titudes. The one
,,vs seeks the desire
3 of the other. In
stead of two de
sires there be
comes mutual de
sire. r.winns splendor, f'0
A dav of aehievemenl
There is no place for selfiishness
in a happy marriage. I come back
to an old theme of mine There
can be no truly happy marriage
without God in the center.
Looking over the many cases of
domestic unhappiness which have
come to my study, I can recall
none in which the selfish desires
of one or both have not been pre
dominant. Even where there are
children in the home, their welfare
is forgotten in the clashing of sel
A man and a woman who are
united in holy wedlock, "for better
or worse," can live together in hap
piness and without friction If they
have a will to do so. A man or
woman who wants to continue to
live his own life without due re
gard for the other, should remain
Marriage is a serious business
If it is entered into with the bless
ing of God and the Church, it is a
holy cpntract, not to be entered
into lightly or unadvisedly." The
hope of a peaceful world depends
upon peaceful homes.
As marriage promotes the merg
ing of two physical beings, it must
promote the merging of two per
sonalities, so that the twain become
one in body, mind and spirit. Only
in this way can true happiness be
found in marriage.
-My ('Tan Commandment- for a
smiie a -"" .u
Thank You to a f H
Has enriched oiir
With its heau' and
r.r-.er, tirhth ill''
Of a friend no-e
Lifted you our a
..i in the roan
Da' Pra':r f humor
A savms - rp.
Be thankful for tin
Sleep thr.' --'!' V
You from -n-Over
the endue to
The uncharted land
And all the litt'i'
In this chatKiW
A woman who had
inved many comwrw
-w life ' j
for the first .al
honHs and iu u
. . first th'M'