AU l-Ulfc (Aita Shccuimj
TIIE WAYNESVILLE MOUNTAINEER
Grants Of Federal Money
To Slates Grows Larger
WASHINGTON Grants of fed-7 -eral
money to the states are be-1 is that ,ne fek'"al government
coming larger each vear. And many should Pay Parl r lb'-' bl" lo c,u
leaders in the state and federal able the s,aleS t0 toruluH "'r,;"n
Eovernmenu don't lik it Thp ! Programs in the interest of the na-
grants-in-ald gradually subtract i
from the independence of the
Heads Up, Jimmy
states, they say. weakening the
whole federal system.
Last. August the Joint Confer
ence of State Governors and mem
bers of Congress at a meeting in
Chicago resolved that the granu
should be reduced at least 20 per
cent in the fiscal year 19S0. But
President Truman has proposed in
his- 19S0 budget substantia! raises. !
rather than reductions, in the to
tal ot grants. The largest increases I
he suggested were $290 000 000 fori
federal aid to education and S65,-1
000.000 for increased geneiai as-,
Even without these new pro-!
grams, however, the 19,0 total of
grants was bound to be higher
rather than lower. This was point
ed out in a speech in December by
James E Webb, director of the
budget. The federal government
aneauy committed to supply " iact, say me critics, grants
increased funds in grant-:, in ac-' discriminate against the poor
cordanre with past acts of Con- states. To get the big hunks of
gress. federal money they obligate them-
The practice of giving the states ! selves to pul UP matching funds
grants-in-aid is as old as the repub- i whien leave holes in their small
lie but it has taken on major im- tre,as"ries. To engage in the fed
portance only in recent wars. The eral m'Sram they have to neglect
big boom cam.- in the 1930s, when ome local Programs which might
the stale and cities Were unable be more important to them,
to cope with tlie needs for work T,lt federal government, more
projects and other relief for the ' 0VtT- must necessarily establish
unemploed The ptak came in certain minimum standards for the
1939. when S2 908.999.000 was Prorams it helps to finance, and
spent in federal gi ants I ! tnis means a measure of control
Since W46 they have been rising over ,ocal administration. Repre
again. S1.622.0C8.338 in 1948: $1.- senatives of the Council of State
941,784.566 estimated for 1949: and , Governments feel that the whole
S2.458.202.454 in 1950 if the Presi-, Pram tends to violate the well
dent s proposed new legislation is acPted political principle that
approved. This would not include lhe unit of government which
S100.0O0.000 in contract authoriza- sPends money should be respons
li jus for the new housing proeram ible for collecting it.
which the President recommended ' Neither the Council nor the Gov-
tion as a whole. The states them
selves administer the grants. Tnc
programs chiefly concern health,
education and social welfare
Grants are supposed to do two
! 1. Stimulate the states to con
duct programs they might not un-
dertake if they had to depend en-
tirely on their own funds. The
: federal government dangles large
I sums of money in front of them. ,
It Is theirs to use if they match it.
i usually putting up from about 25 ,
I to 50 percent of the total sum to be
2 Equalize the burden
the rich and poor states.
Bui that's where the critics be
gin to differ with the advocates of
grants. There is very little equaliz
ation of the burden, they claim,
and some experts in the Federal
Bureau of the Budget agree with
In fact, say the critics.
p,,y,.,..... -mii' www
if 1 v, g a " i
Two-year-old Jimmy Biesele of
Brooklyn. N. v., is learning to
walk for the first time after being
stricken with polio. The football
helmet is for protection against
falls. Jimmy's treatment is made
possible hy the March of Dimes.
Flying Boxcar' Wreckage Where Three Died
Prodigy Cuts CO Seconds
To 45 In Piano Piece
J. R. Presley and wife to T.
Pressley and wife.
Lee Rathbone and wife to W
Robinson and wife.
W. II. Robinson and wife to Lee
rtnfhhMn iiwl ii ifn
PORTAGE, Pa. f U P. ) J -Chopin I v .., .... ....
i i . . i ., ... 1"- 1 usr") "u wiie io joe
Intended it to be the "Minute Gold and wife
Waltz but Roy Oleynik, a 12-year- q presslev and wif ,
old pianist has cut the time to 45 Ralph Fradv and wife
seconds. It may not be a record, David C. McFarlan and wife to
' ' , , lasV ; Gordon Miller and wife.
C.Uted with a phenomenal mem- , Qrville Rathhone and wife
me sc-M-mii Kiaac student nas
C. N. AUen and wife to Buddie
Carl Calvin Griffin and wife to
Azor Griffin and wife.
Rebecca R. Carver and husband
to John K. Reeves.
Gould deNeergaard, trustee, to
C. I). Russell.
Town of Waynesville to Mrs. J.
Frank R. MacFaclyen, Jr.. and
wife to Amelia F. Mac-Fad i-n.
James A. (iwyn and wife to Wil
liam S. Ray and wife.
Ed Mathis and wife to Henrv
Price and wife.
Charlie Sawyer and wife to G. C
Clark and wife.
H. L. Prevost, Jr and wife and
others to Davis Brookshire and
R. N. Johnson, commissioner, to
WilJard L. Moody and wife.
M. G. Stamey, commissioner, to
Lake Junaluska Assembly, Inc.
Leon Russell and wife to Ralph
H. Taylor and wife.
James I.eathei wood and wife to
O. Winchester and wife.
Joseph Slielton and wife t6 Paul
Albert L. Phillips and wife to
C. B. Medford and others.
Mack Mercer and wife to Ralph
i - .. :- .-"'''
This is the wreckage of C-82 "Flying Boxcar" which crashed near Fayetteville, Friday, killing three
air force personnel and injuring three. Jump Master Robert Lee Hodfikiss of Ml. Pleasant, Ohio,
rode the plane down after ordering 36 others to parachute to safely. (AP Wiitpholo).
another grant measure.
shown musical maturity. He can
plav M'lci-tions by iny composer
suggested by his listeners. Once
Roy has had a lesson on a certain
the general idea behind grants program fbandoned. They
want it minimized. And the
; ernors. however, want the grants selection, he never needs the score
How To Relieve
Creonmlsion relieves promptly because
it goes right to the seat of the trouble
to help loosen and expel germ laden
phlegm and aid nature to soothe and
heal raw, tender, inflamed bronchial
mucous membranes.Tell vourdruKgist
to sell you a bottle of Creomulsion
wuh the understanding you must like
the way it quickly allays the cough
or vou are to have your money back.
for Coughs.Chest Colds, Bronchitis
the federal government to with
draw from tax Collections in cer
tain fields where states can step in
and raise money t() conduct their
own social welfare programs. But
federal experts, and even Council
representatives, admit that this
probably would not be the answer.
Roy climates he knows from
1.500 to 2.000 selections from mem
wry. Often he isn't content with
the written score, so he improvises.
Roy's mother recalls that he
tried playing lhe piano at three.
When Jean, an older sister, would
play a piece of music, Roy would
follow hor to the piano and repeat
Localities hate to tax their own 'be selection from memory
j PPle, and states try to keep their
! taxes down because of interstate
j competition the effort to provide
I tax havens for wealthy corpora
tions and individuals.
The programs now financed by
, grants-in-aid might lag or be aban
doned. And even if states and lo
Icalities impose taxes as heavy as
people can afford, the poor
states will end up with revenue
which is inadequate for such pro
grams as those now in effect. None
of the critics seem seriously to ex
pect any development except a
gradually expanded program of
J. C. Roberts and Joe Roberts
to Joseph B. Pressley.
Will Whilmirc and wife to Janie
W. Powell and wife.
Ruth Fowler Pressley and hus
band to Trustees of Piney Grove
Samantha Rogers and others to
Herman J. Rogers and wife.
Gome McCrarken and wife to
Haywood County Bank and S. M.
Robinson, trustee, to James R.
Pressley and wife.
J. G. Burgess and wife to James
M. Smith and wife.
Jesse V. Johnson to Annie John
son. Jennings B. Smathers and wife
to Lloyd M. Clontz and wife.
PAY YOUR 1948 TAXES
February 1, 1949
A penalty will be imposed on all
unpaid taxes February 1st. Pay
up today, while the matter is still
fresh on your mind and save this
Tax Collector, Haywood County
W. R. Medford and wife to Willie
Carver and wife.
J. H. Banks and wife to Marvin
Jones and wife.
Bon-A-Venturo. Inc. to M. C.
Sprinkle and wife.
Bon-A-Venture, Inc., to R. Frank
Smathers and wife.
Bon-A-Venture, Inc., to F. G.
Cabe and wife.
G. G. Robinson and wife to L.
Marvin Rhiiiehart and wife.
R. F. Jones and wife to W. V.
Haynes and wife.
Robert F. Jones to Frances
J. N. Powell and wife to Rose
S. C. Pinkerton and wife to E.
W. Surrett and wife.
Mary Cathey to James R. Greg
ory and wife.
Inez Thompson and husband to
Mary Mauney to Inez Thompson
F. A. Gibson and wife to Hillery
S. Gibson and wife.
Fines Creek Township
Ruben Justice and wife and oth
ers to R. A. Justice and wife
Homer Xrantham and wife to
Mary Beasley and Roy Trantham j
Mary Beasley and Roy Trantham
and wife to Homer Tjanlham and
East Fork Township
Woodrow Heatherly and wife to
Adeline Pardue and husband.
Woodrow Heatherly and wife to
Bryan Heatherly and wife.
Robert Burress and wife to Rose
Laura Lenoir to Larry L. Bum
garner and wife.
Shadrick B. Smith and wifo nnri
others to Dennis Crawford and
Leonard Smith, commissioner
and guardian, to Dennis Crawford
"Well, I'm rll yon think I look'
Frank Medford and wife to John
T. .florrow and wife.
White Oak Township
T. L. Creen. commissioner,
G. C. Clark and J. M. Tate.
John W. Boyd and wife to Glenn
Ewart and wife.
Ivy Hill Township
J. E. Ferguson and wife to Lee
Clark and wife.
Mrs. Lou Palmer to Carroll
Meadows and wife.
Set In County
Tar Heel tobacco growers are re
ceiving the latest information on
plant production, disease control,
fertilization, varieties and curing
in a series of county-wide meetings I shirts or socks they wanted.
Shoplifting To Order
Lands Man In Jail
SPOKANE, Wash. (UP) A new
Iwist lo slioplifhting was discovered
here. Detectives reported they
found a man "shoplifting to ortier".
The man would stand outside a
men's clothing store and ask pros
pective customers what size gloves,
ture- 11 's a (in
Daoe.- ....... ."n'l
ment wi. . "usl i
. . " "I a...
Agriculh,,. ', "
hlir , "
Who m,.s w,,,,, !
sun shines ri
thc , ""
v" -'v prt' l:n k .:
close of day ,sl
mill r,,,,. I. 1 '
i"11 nag an(
move back i0
practice win, DlJ
He can 1 ....,
amount oi woikdorj
uuna roacis is am-
best highway chaij
uuiy 01 me .state
ACCIDENTS COST MONEY
CLEVELAND (U.P.) The aver
age cost to employers for lacera
tions, punctures and burns suffered
by workers in industrial accidents
is $39.04 a case, the national safety
magazine Occupational Hazards reported.
being held in the State this month
The meetings are sponsored by
the State College Extension Serv-
I ice and conducted by Tobacco
j Specialists Roy R. Bennett and S.
I N. Hawks in cooperation with lo
j cal county agents.
; The meeting for Haywood coun
j ty is scheduled for February 16.
Because of the growing preval
I ence of black shank and other dis
eases in many parts of the State,
j special demonstrations in disease
Then he would disappear into
the crowded store and come out
control will be conducted this year,
Bennett said. Some 1500 samples
of seed from 45 tobacco varieties
have been sent to county agents
for distribution to farmers who will
cooperate in conducting the dem
onstrations. Some of the varieties are resist
ant either to Granville wilt, fusa
rium wilt, root knot, black root rot,
or black shank.
John C. Davics, 28,
ward Breen, 33. oi
Coffey, Jr.. 30. Pm,
btms, 27, and jame;
South Carolina' 1
Bentsen, Jr.. 27. Trf
with a cut-rate bar;
This ingenious 1
worked fine for tfc
asked the two deltJ
could use somp wi
them a dozen pair (3
he found out whofe
He is now serving,
r r-., u.Apuyt.rs in i lay wood County are required to return toil
lakers for Taxation for the vear 1040 nil ih pni v . i
yedr 1JU an the Keal Estate, Personal Property, etc,
each shall own on the First day of January.
All male persons between the ages of 21 and 50 a
the same time.
are required to list their polls
and f! r0nS Ih 7 PrPCrty t0 U 3nd a B-Me
and fail to g.ve themselves in will be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor.
$2.D0 Penalty Will Be Charged For Failure To List.
Beaverdam V. H. Byers
Cataloochee, Boyd Hannah
Pecil Ken Browning
Crabtree - Fred Noland
Clyde Carter Osborne
East Fork.. WesPIess
Fines Creek ...... Cauley IW
Iron Duff .... J. Manson MecM
Ivv Hill j. e. Fergusj
J onathan Creek .... N. W. Cam
. 4 v JL( n,ixv- i
young enough to b hr aUUr t
. Mm U ; ih : -