Josephine Roche, Chairman
' Young Ptopla Now Thay
By WILLIAM C UTLEY
ITH snort of disgust the
young man tossed his bat
on the table. And as he
sank into the chair, bis
worn newspaper, folded . with the
"help: wanted" ads to the outside,
' . their- gray columns smudged - with
the sweat of much handling, fell to
the Boor; he didn't bother to pick
It np. .
- Be bent In defeat, his bands hang
: , Umulv from the arms of the chair.
, Bla eyes fixed in a red stare on
the thin carpet, his nostrils widened
In a sneer and his lower Up panted.
i He looked as If he would do some-
, thing desperate If there were any;
thing desperate to do.
( , Ilia throat was dry as he spoke.
. . "1 give npl .
"I've been In every darn place
in this town where they might need
. anybody to do anything, rm a grad
uate engineer, with one of the best
: records in my class and I can't get
,. a Job washing dishes., rve been
? trying for three years, v
"The Jobs there are go to married
men who have, families that , need
food and a home. That's all right,
1 suppose they .'Should. BotLord,t
want to get married myself some
day, and here I am twenty-five with
out a chance in sight of getting my
self any kind of a start I've got
right to my life and happiness. But
rve got to work!
' "And what do they say to me?
: "You've no experience. We can get
good men with years of Experience
for what we have to pay you.'
"Good Lord, how am I going to
get experience If I can't get work 7"
The man Is, of course, a hypothet
: leal case. ' But If yon think his coun
terpart does not exist In reality and
, in appalling numbers, you are sadly
mistaken. The International Labor
office at Geneva has Just Issued a
statement which declares, that at
least 25 per cent of ail (he world's
25,000,000 unemployed are less than
twenty-five years old. . ,
t But wait, despairing youth ! There
may be an end in sight for all this.
.America has an Idea. It may work
and it may not, but at least some
thing Is going to be doDe. ThePres-
. Idem of the United States Is speak-
lng . . . ... . . '-. -
"I have determined that we shall
do something for the nation's nn
;. employed youth because we can ill
. afford to lose the skill and energy
of these young men and women,
They must have- their chances In
school, their turn as ' apprentices
. and their opportunity for Jobs a
' ' chance to work and earn for them
' "In recognition of this great na
tional need I have established a Ns
tlonal Youth administration, . to be
under- the Works Progress admin-
i Istraflon." - .
' 1 $50,000,000 for Youth.
! Out of the $4,880,000,000 which
congress In the emergency relief ap
propriation act of April 8 turned
over to Mr. Roosevelt that he might
: elnk -public dollars Into the mire of
depression to' make a foundation for
a sturdy structure of sound pros
perity, $50,000,000 will, be poured
-as a pylon to support the new NYA
during its first jrear. .' vy-'-.fV'
- As chairman of the executive' com
mittee of the NYA, the President
named Miss Josephine Roche, assist
ant secretary of the treasury.' She
was long a professional champion, of
youth and later, as a coal operator,
waged the, battle for the rights of
young men and women In different
tform. As executive director she win
have Aubrey Williams,' first assist
ant to Harry L. Hopkins, worka
These two will set up the organ
ization which will execute tha chal
lenge taken up by .the President to
remove youth from the depths of
disillusion and defeatism and the
danserous' radicalism which so often
arises from such conditions. Youth
In the case of the NYA is limited to
men and women between, tha aget
of sixteen - and twenty-five. Here
are thg services the , organization
will attempt .to perform: .
id. Ye to Get a Chance
of the Executive Committee of tha
Ara Out of School. 3. Aubray Williams, Exaeutiva Director. . u ,
X. Find employment In private In
dustry for unemployed youth. "Work
designed to accomplish this shall be
set going In every state In order to
work out with employers in Indus
try, commerce and business, ways
and means of employing additional
personnel from unemployed young
2. Train and retrain for Indus
trial, technical and professional em
8. Provide for continuing attend
ance at high school and college.
4. Works-relief projects designed
to meet the needs of youth.
An estimated 150,000 youths will
receive Job training of somelort;
100,000 wlU be aided In finishing
their high school courses; 120,000
will be assiated in pursuing a col
lege education, and additional thou
sands will be given financial aid to
enable them to take post-graduate
work. Many more may be absorbed
without cost through the finding of
Jobs In Industry. . 'r . -,
The smallest unit in the set-up
will be the local or community com
mittee. This will be under the su
pervision of the state administra
tion, which in turn will report to
Washington headquarters, Efforts
win be concentrated upon youths
who are out of work and no longer
financially capable ' of attending
school. .. ... ..." -.,
, The tasks of the various divisions,
according to the announcement from
the White House,' will be ' mo
bilize the Industrial, commercial,
agricultural and educational forces
to provide employment and other
practical assistance to '" the unem
ployed youth ; to develop and carry
out a co-ordinated program of work
and work opportunities. Job train
ing and retraining for. unemployed
youth, utilizing all existing : pub
lic and private agencies, Industries,
schools and various training facul
ties which can assist In meeting va
rious phrases of the problem.'? , '
How Money Will Be Spent:
- These tasks will all be undertaken
with a view of furnishing youths
(who ara eligible for relief) com
pensation for work they may do on
their new Jobs, or expense; money
if they are going to school,
Boys and girls over sixteen who
have been forced to stop attending
high school because they have no
money for, car .fare, : lunches and
Incidentals will be given an aver
age of $6 a month to enable them
to complete their courses. ' ,
,, An average of $15 a month will
go to unemployed high school gradu
ates under twenty-five to help them
finish college. ' Institutions- will re
ceive no subsidies; the students win
be expected to pay part of the cost
themselves; as they have In the past
There Is a - rule now that those
receiving work relief shall not ac
count for more than 12 per cent
of the enrollment of Institutions of
higher learning, but this ' will la
all likelihood be revoked or changed
to make room for the NYA proteges.
Post-graduate students who have
been unsuccessful In their Job-hunting
will, be carefully, selected for
aid In completing- their Study.' A
special effort will be made to find
Jobs for graduates of the -class of
An average of $15 a month will
be . paid to . youths given outright
works-relief Jobs; since one of the
qualifications la that they must be
from relief families, it may be as
sumed that the bead of the family
win be holding a works-relief Job at
k , - Take National Census.,' p'
Work relief youths win also be
kept busy taking a national census
of all youths In the United States
between sixteen and twenty-five. ' '
- To secure employment, the NYA
will ask Industrial employers to hire
youths 'aa , apprentices under spe
cial arrangements. Governmental bu
reaus, county, municipal and state.
will be . asked ' to take appren
tices and train them for public
service. Concerning the latter the
' ; EL
NYA. 2. What la to Beeomeof These
i "The opportunity afforded by this
type of work should be used to de
velop a new type of trained public
servants, rather than to merely add
to the immense, groups of men and
women who now clamor to get into
government service." t. -
It ha been called possible that
this may overshadow a permanent
civil service organization, like that
of England. , , . .
Job training and Job placement
are to be accomplished by:'
'.; (a) UtiUzlng available school
shop facilities for Initial or basic
trade training', through special late
afternoon or evening classes, taught
aa works-relief projects by needy un
employed persons qualified to teach
the special field, k,
: (b) Utilizing available private
factories, industries, or plants, at
times when they are not in regular
operation, as places to hold train
ing classes, taught by needy . un
' (c) Using pubUc libraries for
training youths to function aa li
brarians and enabling the libraries
to be kept open for the public a
greater number of hours a day, .
' "ThU undertaking win need the
rigorous co-operation of the citizens
of the several states," said the Pres.
ldent ..'."' '
"It Is recognized that the final so
lution of this whole problem of un
employed youth win not be attained
until there Is a resumption of nor
mal business- activities and oppor
tunities for private employment on
a wide scale. I believe that the na
tional youth program will serve the
most pressing and Immediate needs
Of that portion of unemployed youth
most seriously affected at the pres
ent time." .
The NYA la a definite step toward
solving the problem of unemployed
youth In America. What win be
done about the remainder of (he six
or seven million unemployed youths
IB Other parts of the world la being
considered by Geneva's Interna
tional Labor office, with the object
of doing away with the discontent
that Often results In serious social
dangers. It Is particularly worried
about the method which la being
used to a wide extent by many Eu-
-ropean nations military conscrip
tion. Forced . labor . camps and In
corporation of young men In other
organizations more or less of a
military character It deplores:
"Attendance at such unemploy
ment centers should be strictly, vol
untary, should exclude any tdea of
military training, and these centers
ahonld only, undertake work which
under prevailing economic condi
tions would not be carried out by
workers in normal employment"
- Serious Problem. '
In the ILO, subjects usually re
ceive two discussions, one when they
are first called to attention, and an
other the following year, after aU
the available information has been
gathered. This question is consid
ered too urgent to hold over,'' j''
The rear seriousness of the prob
lem, according to the ILO, 'is to be
found in the particularly unfortu
nate consequences of continued Idle
ness for yonng people, more than
older persons. If adults, after long
years of work, are unable to face
the difficulties of life, on the other
hand how can young people on their J
own resources successfully resist
the demoralizing effects of prolonged
unemployment!" . , rji,., --;
.The remedies for the situation.
as held up by the ILO, ara pretty
much the same as the plan which
the President has outlined for this
country. Tbey include work-relief.
Job placement and apprenticeships;
ana vocational training and retrain
ing. ; ',. if
It will bo Interesting to see what
effect ! the President's ' NYA wlU
have on the youth of . our nation.
Bayo he: ..
"The yield on this Investment
should be high." ' ' , .
f) Wtatera Nwpapr Union.
i suppose -fail - - I SoI-BUT I HAP A liC-jj.'
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' SHTREBT HERE I XJSf BoRROWEl
. Mm,, - ; . .
-THAT WASNT JUS I I OH SAH
TARS HE f &URS-ajEU.-
n ataxi T-1
p f-ri gut
r .y . V. at I '
It's as fresh as ttfe morning dew I
And it was designed for an - those
clever., women who, like to put In a
smart appearance at the' very be
ginning of every new . day. Three
or four dresses made up by this pat
tern would solve all your house frock -problems.,.
And the expense will
prove trifling. .Moreover, - tbla pat
tern has been designed ao simply that
to follow It will seem like a first les
son n sewing. The yoke and'sleeves
all-in-one, with a bit of bodice full
ness below, and toe decorative pocket
make this frock very' smart Indeed!
Percale or gingham In gay plaids, or
small geometric designs would be ef
fective." Add nobby cork or wooden
buttons.:.-??'-J'itV,5'r.-W' ; ?;
Pattern 9316 may be ordered only
In Sizes 14, 16, 18. 20; 82, 84. 86, 83,
40 and 42.' Size 18 requires S!4
yards 36-Inch fabric. - ; ' 1 '
SEND FIFTEEN CENTS in coins
or stamps (coins preferred) for this
pattern. Be sure to write plainly
your NAMEf,' ADDRESS, STYLE '
NUMBER and SIZE. .'.
. . Complete, Diagrammed Sew Chart
Included. - .
Send your order to Sewing Circle -Pattern
Department, 282 West Eight
eenth street, "New York, '
The Suitor Believe mft ' ninilva
'"f ui. fivuuu fuu WB1K cu.-
v xne . uardenette -It looka nice,
doesn't It? All fnll of 'nmti tn
nips, potatoes and onions. Detroit
Had Exparlane ''
Official I suppose you know some
thing of the duties of tha offimt wn
are to give you? ot-'.-1
Applicant Oh, yes. They are to
eoae late, do aa little aa nossibie.
go home early, and never miss pay-
Offlclal You're ?c'a '' YouVa lust
what we're looking for. ' I can see
yon must have beld office before. '
v. ; ' ' ' - -He
Had SampM Thm '
Miss Camouflatre Do von am anr
harm in a girl using a lipstick f
Mr. Hugglns Oh. no. So far as
my experience goes, It's a mere mat
ter or taste. , , .k