I . . . X' . T '. , I -
... 4uist and peaceful Sunday a. moon. Eaow had fallen
y during t.,.e week but had now turned to liht flurries,
rf-py aOemoon. There wax nothing pressing to do far
would be good afternoon to listen to the N. Y. Phllbar- ,
'a looking through the Sunday paper. So you turned the ,
i and saidowa, relaxed and lazy, almost doting, - . -idJenly
you sat up; alert, alarmed. No longer sleepy but .
,h dread, you turned up the volume oontroL What had gal- j
you into action were the now ominous and unforgettable
f the announcer '1; words that had once before meant the
jedy of the beginning of World War H. "We Interrupt this ;
to bring you a special news bulletin." Fateful word that ;:
a new story of major Importance.
i Ugandi, East Africa, word has come that a plane crash may
iken the life of novelist Ernest Hemingway and, his fourth
' ..'',. 3? : .,?'.';, Hi'-:'-; ,-, '"H.",-.
the moment that was all. But you didn't leave the radio all
in, waiting for some word, some confirmation or rejection of
ws news that somehow seemed' so Completely Incredible. '
. late that night the word did come that Hemingway had ur-
that crash only to crash again. And he bad come through alive.
; adventure would have done Justice to his own pen - and the :
a reaction when he was greeted by newsmen was one of the
-. understatements his own characters might have used, "My
, I think she-Is running good,'. f'iy y
9 story is by now well known, Ernest Hemingway whose tales
. lea have made some of our best movies went back to Africa
twenty years. An intrepid; hunter,, he had spent five months J
Nairobi shooting among other game, dangerous killer lions. The
i had pitched camp by a dry river in Selengai, by the Klrnana
ns at the base of Kilimanjaro and again by Lake Magadi under
luruman Escarpment For five months the camp life was tilled
i boxing- and Hemingway Is an excellent boxer - with doctoring.
3, writing and sometime even, sleeping. His second son is a
r in. Kenya. Theft the Hemingways broke camp and set out for
it coast of Africa to fish. Never a lover of flying or airplanes,
gway ha become friendly' with an African bush pilot, Boy
i. He had gone scouting with the pilot so often that his wife
written a friend, "Poppa is so keen bn scouting at 800 or some
1 shillings a half day which includes bumps and rolls and swoop
down n the-deck and wing-brushing the chulu hills that we
1 shortly have no money left except for gin and cabbage.'
theyMeft Nairobi for Masindi, planning to circle the Falls of
Victoria Nile on the wayi They never reached Masindl. A British
Jasfefcuw, directed from its course to search for them, found
f Mi4lace Cessna in trees near the falls and reported there was
' a-'ot life W' be seen, r ' '
o world assumed that Hemingway who had survived more ac
nts than happen to a dozen other people had finally succumbed,
papers ran scare headlines and obituaries. Millions of readers
have loved his Work were shocked. Waiters in Havana (Heming
y'S home Is in Cuba) frankly Wept at the news.
Only- Poppa was still alive, in a lorcea lanaing notning was aam
. i but the undercarriage of the Cessna. The Hemingways and the
t' climbed down cliffs to the river, a river infested with crotco
s. At tright they built a fire to keep the elephants away. Next
" y they were picked up by a launch filled with tourists and taken
v t to Butiaba on the shore of Lake Albert
You've undoubtedly seen Butiaba in the movies. It is where "The
" Irican Queen" was filmed. When director John Huston first got
'. ere, he decided to build a small airstrip to fly supplies in and film
out He and the producers hired 2,000 natives who hacked the small
'i ip out of the jungle in one week. But the jungle reclaimed the
t 'riR plants grew along and across it. And when Hemingway and
J s party took off again, the plane not only crashed but also burned.
They escaped without serious harm this time, too - a few cracked
ribs and cut heads. And they went on, by automobile, to Entebbe in
Uganda for a rest. Hemingway climbed down clutching a stalk of
bananas and a bottle of gin and made his classic remark about his
luck's running very good. Since then delayed shock has sent him to
bed for a while.
Yea, it was a good story and a thrilling adventure even if a little
anticlimatfc. When it was all told and you had recovered from the
deep sense of loss you felt when you heard the first news, you asKea
yourself why you were so filled with horror. It was much more
than the words of John Donne that Hemingway used as the title for
one of his best novels. "No man is an Iland, intire of itself - any man's
t' ath. diminishes me, because I am involved in Mankinde. And there
fore never send to know for whom.the bell tolls, it tolls for thee."
There are countless other writers whose death might occur and
cause not a headline, only an obituary with comments by critics,
perhaps, or an editorial in a literary weekly. There are few writers
' -anj mttry who are of the stature of Hemingway. In fiction in
America there is no one remotely in his class - he is followed by
William Faulkner, but then who have you? There are some who have
written. one good book, even four or five, but whose later worjk has
' not lived up to their splendid promise. In poetry and in drama we
have' Robert Frost and we had O'Neill - but they lack the popular
. appeal of Hemingway.
: t What is there about this man, about his work that makes him
' SucbJ a ifigure? Why if you have ever met him is it impossible for
. vou. to forget him? The last is easy esnecially if you are a woman.
He is the, most virile man I have ever met, a man filled with such
lusty vitality and maleness that there is no possible doubt of his
,'aex; I have met many writers whose sex you could determine only
by their clothes and their haircuts - and even then you were in
. doubt., There is no effeteness here, no delicate mincing, no refined
mannerisms. Hemingway and his work are filled with vibrant force,
. . power,-' potency. There is such vigor and strength that they sweep
yoti oft your feet and leave you breathless.
This stunning force and it does stun you - is evident especially
in his masterful short stories. For sheer brutality what story in our
-: lanuage equals: his magnificent story, .The Killers?"
. Like all treat artists, Hemingway has not only force but tenderness.
What contemporary novel have we that equals his moving short novel,
- The Old Man and The Sea?; It is a tragedy as many of Hemingway's
novels are. But it tells of the nobility of man. And it tells' too, of the
: way that mean meet disaster, look lwthout xuncing into the bright
face of danger Always Hemingway has admired courage, courage to
' live dangerously, courage to overcome difficulty and defeat. ,
I can. remember vividly reading Hemingway's first book published
fa America In, Our TlmeIt was a failure, financially, but it got
, rave notices from every major critic. It just knocked you flat and
' left you without words to tell what had happened to you. It was a
' tremendous experience. It still is. Maybe that is why Hemingway
Is the best writer of our generation - what he wrote thirty years
i ago is still, fresh, vital, exciting. And he followed In Our Time with
one OX in Dm couecuona n soon sauries written in zrfigusa, men
Without Women. I thought in my youth that Farewell to Arms was
, t?-best novel I had ever read - and many other people who came
'' into 'the age of awareness during the hectic 1920's agreed with me.
r read again hut year, with- as. much relish and pleasure.
4... y t -, ,,
"T B? ' D UP L IN TIMES
, PahUshed each Thursday In KenansvUle, N. C Ceoaty Seat ef
u-, tV ' DUPLIN COCTNTT
VrJattnr plant, Kenaurtllle, N. C
' I t. TtOBEBT GRADY, EDITOR OWNER
f Entered At The Pest Offloa. Kenausrllle, M. C
, 7 U .0mob4 eisaa snatter.
-ZCBXmOH RATES ' per year fa Duplin, Lenear,
OsMfew, Pender. Sasapaem, New Baaever mat Wayne
:m M-5 raer year evtatde this are 1st Narta CareUaat
I J.M per year atapkarev'.; i
A4veFttatar rate farnlshed ea
-!i Ceaaty Jearaat. dereW to the reOgtoaa, autertal.
i snd agrfealtaral develoaaaent ef Dnlia
V sat fimsrtfn Ri
l!ct'$ Attud Toward " ; r ; , StoM(TtCMlnhlt tiow
Cor;res Has Cfiajigtd S PaH. Prim j NsceitJty
i. f. 'l specbd to Central Jr' -i, '' ? '!
rvTASniNGTON One ef the moat striking phenomena In Wsabing-
V ton these day 1a the sudden shift In President Eisenhowers ,
attitude toward, and relations with. Capitol mwW
Sometime during- the recess between the first and second sessfrM
of the 83rd Congress, the President obviously decided that h 'would ,
have to exert strong Jersonal leadership. In ord to fat hia program
through Caasasai.:.,-.--" i;,v:-:-iv:? ;"""'r
- That. was the reason for the recent hilefkg sestlonj with Vy GOP
legislators and the eubsequer-t cirerenc wu.t
1 n . id ..',.11 - , t . 1.1 , ,
Mr. Elsenhower was doing no mors t.vjn trying tc
sell Congress a sill f goods; ,i""54'i:: 's,rIT'
There la good ra on f or his precedr.t-shaV.cr.
ilng performano. L'i;les be can fetid a sufficient
number ot backer lw Republican- ranks nnd'Mia
at least a measure of support from Democrats,
whole adminisUa'.ion program face a tfisnul fate
Ikaly.'a' plgeeo.- d l : V : '
Last session." the-' President atudloualy avoided
. any criticUau- of : Congress .when, it -flouted his
r wishas. It wlii b lutcreUin; to see whether h
' continues to follow thst' course, rr carries his rase
to the people when the votes go icalnct him. Many
PresideDt ij g In Washington are belting he vii) fcOlcw the see
ABC OF ATOMIQ SUB The launching of . the tom-rower" .
submarine V83 NotUu$ this month in bailed in the Navy as tho
most revolutionary development since the Wright bro&tta tooit t2
at Ktty Hawkvtifj, 'r-,'---:v ::r-. ,-,--..r, ..,
. A few tradition-bound admirals still Insist that the atomic engine
la "just another steam plant" but younger Kavy men asy this is
because the oldsters won't look at facts like these
1 The main limit on the amount of conventional power that can
be built into a vessel Is the amount of fuel it can carry Since on
atomic engine uses no fuel virtually none the lid is off.
2 If other requirements can be met, an atomic er.gino can doub'o
Its power without Increasing its small fuel ccsaomptio'.. To put it
another way, a chain reaction can create a (en-.p-jrature of ?,00v uc
greea just as easily as It can create 1,000 degrees.
3 The engine uses no oxygen, and if a vessel s properly tullfr for
underwater travel blunt-nosed like a porpoue it can go faster on
less power than it could on the surface. As tho fish already know,
friction beneath the surface la less.
The Nautilus itself is "model T,' but SO per cent faster than any
other sub.': More amazing to engineers is tho fact that it will be ablo
without strain to maintain Its top speed for two or three months at a
time an endurance unthinkable with any other kind of power.
'RJEVENOOERS' If you art courteous, friendly, helpful under
standing, and co-operative, you should have no great trouble Irudlng
a job as a revenue collector for the United States
The Treasury department and the Internal Revenue
Bureau are starting a 'drive to instill these . virtues
in all tax collectors and other personnel who handle
your tax money and deal with the tax-paying public.
However, you would have to be a gentleman at all times. This is
the word of Mrs. Ivy Baker Priest, treasurer of the United Stated.
She says the administration wants to leave you impressed with tho
feeling that every employe of the tax bureau is "a perfect gentleman."
Her definition of the perfect gentleman: "Ope who is always as
nice as he sometimes is."
I had the pleasure of being with
Billy Graham, our noted North
Carolina preacher, on several oc
casions last week while he was in
Washington. He is leaving shortly
for a preaching mission in England
and other European spots. I drove
back from a speaking engagement
in Oxford to be here for his ser
vice at the Armory last Sunday
afternoon. It was also attended by
Senator Hoey and a number of
Members of the House from North
THE PRAYER BREAKFAST
On Thursday morning, I attended
the Second Annual Prayer Breakfast
at the Mayflower hotel. It is a
great experience to see about 600
leaders of our Country, including
the President, standing with bowed
heads in silent prayer for our Na
tion. Senator Carlson is very active
in this movement.
BILLY GRAHAM LUNCHEON
I thousht it would be a good idea
to have Billy Graham as my guest
and give a private luncheon in the
Capital in his honor. We were able
to get all but two Members of our
House delegation. A number of
Senators, including Senator Ket
fauver, Stennis, Ellender, Maybank,
Johnstqn, McClellan, Mansfield,
Johnson of Texas, Daniel and other
guests attended. From our State at
tending were Congressmen Shuford,
Jones, Jonas, Alexander, Deane,
Durham, Carlyle, Barden, Bonner,
and Fountain. Representatives Chat
ham and Cooley had other engage-'
ments. Senator Hoey introduced Dr.
Graham. Congressman Fountain
gave the invocation. I know we
were all impressed with the excel
lent SDiritual message that Billy
gave to us. After the luncheon, I
took him to meet the Vice- Presi
As I wrote last week. I was hope
ful that the Senate would get some
agreement on the proposal consti
tutional amendments. (Senate Joint
Resolution 1.) Debate continued all
last week. It now appears that no
thing will be settled on this until
next week as most of the Republi-
Hemingway has been a highly controversial figure - the so-called
intelligentsia have assailed him now and then - possibly because he
writes in such simple language that everyone can understand him.
There is never the least doubt ot his meaning. He calls a spade a
spade, if you dont like it you know what you can do about it He
is going to write the way he pleases, live and work in the manner
he thinks fit He Is not interested in petty criticism or even petty
critics -' he's above that. His characters don't move in the better
drawing rooms, they fight and work and get drunk and make love
and fight again. But they are alive and breathing - more than can
be said for the characters depicted by many another modern writer.
In his Death in the Afternoon he wrote what ought to be required
reading for anyone who writes or wants to write, words which may
explain partly why he is such a sensitive writer, a superb story teller,
why his style Is fresh, his prose pure and rhythmical, .
"The great thing is to last and get your work done and see and
hear and learn and understand; and write when there is something
that you know; and not before; and not too damned much after:
Let those who want to save the world, If you can get to see it clear
and as a whole. Then any part you make will represent the whole
if it's made truly. The thing to do is work and learn td make it that
way." - -
HELEN CALDWELL CUSHMAN
We Pay A Fremiom ForTop QnaHiy Hogs
See Us or Call 2108, .Clinton, N. C.
OPERATED BY LUNDY PACKING COMPANY
1 .' Baying Days Are Mondays Through;'; ' '
Encoirada Child's. Imri'jinatiojT
As Well as benso orKaury
By 6AWY tUVlW.,: mfCX ft.
' THE ohlid from two to fiv may
have a 7 1l(S Imagination. He
often talks of things not present
, to tb senses, arid feels Utt1 or ns
need to square w!ist ba says with
fKArt riaUy fppia bat could
have happened, at a nehbora,
oa the playgeound, or at Kanol. , ,
S say feat a bit dUturbeani
eonrenlsneedV i .
WhaUbculdfoaeothen; , .
Ton eant to back sod live over
tb tariiw years wlti him. But ;
from now on, you cai b leason. ,
ablt and patient Wth him, being"
careful not to aharg htat-wHa-r.
falsifying ur.Ul you art airs as -has
clearly defirod la his Kilnd ,
tao line between what reahy hap-,
pened and What ha imaglrtd to,
hart happened, ' tf , t
" m the meanwhile, you can help
this child. At relax "3d and com- ,
canlonable Uraes, . make - up i h
shor wild yarn and ask Idrn if
that really happenec men nave
him make tci another such lanv, ,
Next relate something he and you .
know really did hsvprn snd have
him make a tluulaf report, too. .1
Then say to him that you are. go
ing to tell something, and 1 is to ..
listen rareftjjly and then tell you .
whether tt realty uUl harp hap-
pened cr not, O.tijn, yon and Us
could plsy a gams la which you
tried out each other at labeling ,
mado-up stories . as real or as
pretended. :,;:',,;. vv;
The child may be hsipod tar
dier by p!ayk more with other
children of hia age and by nak-'
lng mors things with his hands. ;
You cant pound an ambiguous
nail; a measuring t tiler rtoesr.'t
Ue. (My bU'.atins "Kow dome the
He la fortunate if Us parents
and others about hmt appreciate
'and enjoy the amaslng creations
i from his bsad, and thus tacour
' age him, and if thav, moreover,
'read to him !om Irts ot fanciful
stories and folklore.- ne is still
mora fortunate U thfse older per
sons take down many of bis yarti
and read them back to him.
iJ:i's)iessUB. ef lying y::-A:-But
some oldor children ard
some parents, tacking In Imagis-
atlon themselves, beglto charge
this little' child with lying When,
as h believes, heaerrhad been
nearet . to i the ' truth. ':Then r the
young creator, mny become con -fused
and troubled and hampered
with ! a sense ci guilt without
really understanduig ; wny. m
need, be mar oon get sa mixed
bo himself, that. ho. Is unsure
wi uuer what hs frequently re-
o.iri.i la true or not
t )vei a number of years, 1 have
come across a few-' of llie con-
t.isiid chllclnsn. some as old as
:ni or wa In every case Its
teeti ab.e to sudy carefully, I've
f mmi una uie child had, from
n.. k.i'-iV years, been falsely hv
bft. .d Har by parents and other
p rs "in wtv) hart no appreciation
o' i nc mv m ynunR child's imag-
iia".i' 'i ,'"
Oi if vuur iiii(t, of ten I self -addressed, stamped enVclnps,
t-, u. y..it s.iie thing which! to me la care nJLtols newspaper.1.
, , r-i. ,"!M. Klwr fmi.r(r-iWerta. fw . ,,
i, I - S0 'y " n.
. . 1 '. . V t 1
Fairies" and "Honesty and "TYuth- -i
' fulness" may b had by sending a
lieror storage piles after it has
been removed, from the house. Al
ways store poultry manure under
cover. Superphosphate ; increased
the phosphorus content ot the man
ure.. Apply. MO pounds of 30 per
cent granular grade . per ton of
fresh manure. If scattered on drop
ping boards or pits, ; we three to
five pounds per week per 100 bird.
Last May 1 there were 17,963,000 -layers
n North Carolina, farms '
according to the USDA's Bureau of
Agricultural Economics., The , drop
oinss from these, birds would, s-
Lmqunt tov more' than 33,000 tons of i
manure. How many of our poultry
men are capitalizing bn this , valu-
tble by-product of their industry?,
asks pearstyne, ' r , '
Opens March 20 in North Carolina
The"nattonf 'Spring calendar bt
hunt racing and steeplechasing will
open March 20 at Stoneybrook Race
Course, Southern Pines, North
Carolina, with a one-day race meet
ing sanctioned by the Hunts Com
mittee of the National Steeplechase
and Hunt Association.
Southern Pines was officially re
turned to prominence as an ama
teur racing center with the highly
successful 1953 race meeting at
Stoneybrook, held under sanction
of the national organization for the
first time in 10 years. The Sand
hijls resort Is winter training head
quarters for many of the country's
top steeplechasers and is a mecca
for owners, trainers and riders
prominently identified with hunt
racing. It is the home of 1953's lead
ing steeplechase trainer, Michael G.
(Mickey) Walsh, and the, leading
rider for the past five years, F. D.
(Dooley) Adams. '
Vernon G. Gardy .noted Canadian
sportsman who makes his winter
home at Southern Pines, is the
newly elected chairman of the
Stoneybrook Hunt Racing Associ
ation. Charles W. Stltzer, of South-
em1 Pines, will ' "known amateur
Sportsman who won the North Caro
lina Hunt Cup on Tryon's Block
House course and the Pink Coat
Race at'Stoneybrook last spring, has
been ' ' named secretary-treasurer.
Assisting Cardy, Stitzer, and other
Southern Pines sportsmen with
plans for the race meet is Chris
Wood, Jr., field director for the
Hunts Committee of N.S.1HA.
Cardy, who has been well known
on horse show circuits for many
years, entered steeplechasing last
year by purchasing Sun Shower
for Mrs. Cardy. Trained by Walsh,
Sun Shower won three important
stakes at Saratoga Springs meeting
and became one of the year's lead
ing 'chasers. Cardy recently pur
chased and brought to Southern
Pines for Walsh's tutelage two
horses from the Aga Khan's famous
European racing stable.
From the Stoneybrook meeting,
sanctioned hunt racing moves Jo
South Carolina, Virginia and Mary
land before returning to North
Carolina on April 10 tor the Block
House Races at Tryon.
Manure Is Valuable By-Producl
y end 4 pi, kmHzfmM"
iiHBii.i.ii. r.,'ii' 'i a
; ThhYEAR as ALWAYS YEARS
i: s i
Poultry manure Is widely recog
nized as a valuable fertilizer with
a high nitrogen content, according
to R. S. Dearstyne, head of the
poultry department at N. C. State
can Members of the Senate are
away for Lincoln Day speeches. I
am still in favor of the George sub
stitute which I discussed with you
last week .
I attended the Congressional ban
quet on Wednesday night held here
as a guest, of the North Carolina
realtors who were attending their
annual national association meet
ings. I met about thirty representa
tives from all over .North Carolina.
Their meetings were very success
ful , . t On, Thursday night, I met
with the North Carolina State Col
lege alumni group here for. supper
and had the pleasure of being with
another fine group of North Caro
A number of us have strongly
urged the National Park Service of
the Interior Department to continue
to keep Moore's Creek National
Military Park In North Carolina In
the stystem. In our history, we fail
to give the Battle of Moore's Creek
Bridge the significant position to
which it Is entitled Had It not
been for the bravery ot the patriots
of that section, had they not stop
ped the Tories, the whole Cape
Fear section would have fallen to
the Tories and there Is no way of
knowing what might have happened
to the Colonies In the Revolution
that was to follow. The Park Ser
vice has promised us to hold a
hearing on the matter. They are
trying to determine If It is ot truly
national significance. I know It Is.
. THIS AND THAT-. ;-v
' t am looking forward to the com
ing ot Spring and the North Caro
lina school children who annually
visit Washington . V . They always
get a big thrill out of these visits
Senator Holland Is looking forward
to his visit to Raleigh on Saturday
for the Jefferson-Jackson Day Din
ner : . . Dr. Hugh H. Bennett, the
Anson County, man who Is credited
with building the Soil Conservation
Service and who is now retired,
dropped by the office the other
day. He Is planning a trip to South
America soon to help with their
conservation, problems, . , . . Your
mall is coming in at a brisk rate,
and I can certainly tell that you are
very much Interested in what's go
ing bn in Congress. ' , - -
One hundred laying birds will
yield 3V4 or four tons of fresh
manure a year. About one-half ot
this Is voided, at night on dropping
boards or roosting pits. Poultry
droppings contain about I per cent
nitrogen, . OA . per cent phosphoric
add . and . 0 JS per cent potash. It
averages about 78 per cent moisture.
If properly treated with superphos
phate and stored under shelter, the
value improves to make a fertilizer
corresponding closely to a 3-3-1. ,
. If left In a pile so it cannot dry,
the nitrogen breaks down into am
monia and heavy losses occur, says
Dearstyne. Treatment with super
phosphate reduces this nitrogen loss.
Treat the manure' either on the
dropping hoards, roostiiig pits, the
d You can if you use Natural Chilean Nitrate of Soda
for your top-dressing and side-dressing needs. It costs a liltle
more because it's worth more. But the difference in cost
usually can bs measured in pennies per acre, wlvle the 'differ
ence in value often amounts to dollars per acrt.-.
Chilean "Bulldog" Soda gives you generous extra value.
The nitrogen is 100 per cent nitrate. It's 100 per cent available
(quick-acting) ; 100 per cent dependable. The minor elements
make crops stronger, healthier. The sodium 26 pounds in
every 100-pound sack is a key to maximum returns on your
entire fertilizer investment It offsets the bad effects of acid
forming fertilizers... increases the efficiency of rnixed ferti
lizers containing them. It releases "locked-up" potash in the
soil... increases the availability and efficiency of soil phos
phate ... reduces potash, calcium and magnesium losses by
leaching... develops larger, deeper root systems.
Sodium builds up the productivity of your land more
each year. It's ah essential element for some crops... bene
ficial topmost and necessary.
for maximum yields of many,
ence in cost may mean
in value to you. Chilean
"Bulldog" Soda is thebest
fertilizer your money can
buy. Use it. for all of .
your top-dressing and ,
(4., -. ,i2i iC-i JyCJ: gi;A)fa
-1' . r jjtav JtMcf er
f." CHUtAH '. JL.
1 1 WTHATl CF SOZA J " Mr
I i ,' f MStttea
I m-,.., KAT6HEL
f "v f' .U.JIS
t THt KAT I f .
I: . OmttM r,. ".
I 1 v..,-
. " " "atii SflWsf Irr "! ,!!, i) ol .
f' Our automobile liability policies meet all the requirement of
the Financial Responsibility Law which becomes effective January .
If yen have one of our policies you have all you need. If not see,
us about it
A. L. CAVENAUGII
' In Warsaw
t I' 1
r-'y'T-,.' p'.j'H. .'r-'it':. , , ;.,'.';":" ' ' JrJ:
, . ( .