! Roll jorcfafi, Roll ;
Ncjro spirituals not written j they just happened
'NOBODY KNOWS the nun of the church. No.
eody knows the preacher"! name, N6r doei any
body know the exact date. But somewhere In the
South,, probably during the 1850, a Negro preacher
stood In his pulpit and read from the 37th chapter
6t Ezeklel, "The hand of the Lord was upon me,"
and the congregation unanimously agreed, "YesPV
The preacher read on, ". . . The spirit of the Lord .
set me down In the midst of the valley .which was1
full of bones." He paused and the worshippers
shouted "Halleluiah! -..:v"-;:-V
"The bones were dry," the preacher resd on.
"Dry bonesi" the congregation echoed. From the
10th verse the minister continued, ". . . And the '
breath came Into them, and they lived, and stood
up upon their feet!" Then, raising his arms, he
assured his bearers, "Dry bones gwine V rise again!"
The congregation took up the chant "Dry bones '
gwine f rise again ... dry bones gwine f rise .
again. , . ." And a spiritual was born. ;,
- Until the middle 1800s the Negro worshipped ln
the white man's church- where
provided galleries. Rolls of older churches in the
South still bear names of both colored and white
members. Some old. church buildings still exhibit
their "slave galleries." It was here the Negro .
learned to sing, line by line, the
' By 1850 the Negro had his own church (building
and his own colored preacher. -Here he sang hymns
from memory. When be couldn't remember all the
- ' (toll Jordan, toll, roll Jordan, roll
I wonter go to hsoVn when I die
To hear of Jordan roll , ; f
Roll Jordan, rail, toll Jordan, roll
I wonter oo to heav'n when I die ...
. , WILCOX-FOLLETT CO., Chicago, 111.
From The Book 'A HYMN IS BORN" Copyright 1952 -
Prepared By Department of Bible
; Yesterday I preached in a historic
old church which dates back for
' 157 years. In 1859 it had over 450
members, of whom 168 were Ne-
x For Sale
SASH, DOORS, SHEET-
I ROCK WOOL, PLAST
, ER, LIME, CEMENT,
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L 1aINTS, TERRA-COT-!
TA PIPE, DRAIN TILE,
i WHITE ASBESTOS SI
V DING, ASPHALT
(SHINGLES, ALL KIND
VftOLL ROOFING, 5-V
CRLMP TIN ROOFING
And BRICK SIDING
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WALLACE, N. C
m ox auu gt m
O . v . THE PIAMTM SMSDM
o ' IS HBRB MCE MU O
g 'CL lT5 PITCH IH AND W0M
' uv A NEVER SFfvks. O
ONi YjV WAU ' ' ,
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lines, be repeated the ones be knew. And he made
bis own songs from passages of Scripture and sans ..
them to his own music
, Picking up a phrase that struck him, he broke
into the preacher's sermon with a repetitious chant
As one old "Mammy" put it. "Deyd all take it up
and keep at it, and keep a-addin' to it, and den it
would be, spiritual."
--" Most spirituals can be easily traced io Biblical
passages. The . Book of Kings tells of Elijah's
chariot Hence, "Swing Low,' Sweet Chariot" Rev
elation tells of the "book of life." Thus, "My
Name's Been Written in De Book of Life."
' Isaiah says, TAnd the moon shall not cause her
light to shine." Thus, "De Moon Refuse to Shine." ,
The River Jordan is mentioned many times in the
Bible and is therefore mentioned many times in
the spirituals. The Negro stands on Jordan's banks,
crosses over Jordan and watches Jordan roll.
And so, set apart from the formality of the white
man's church, the Negro made and sang his spirit
uals. The notes were not written down in the me
thodical manner of the white man. The words were
not metered out by any formula.
The spirituals were neither signed nor dated. In
the years just prior to the Civil War and the turn
of the century, they Just happened. But they are
as firmly a Dart of the American music as the most
he sat in specially
hymns of the white
scholarly composition of the white man. If that
seems an over-statement perhaps you never beard
a well balanced group of Negroes sing such spir
Oh, brothers you oughter been dere,
Yes. mv Lord.
A sittin' up in de kingdom,.
To hear ol' Jordan roll. s
Roll Jordan, rolh roll Jordan, roll,
' I wonter go to heav'n when I die,
TO near ol
groes. As late as 1870 Negroes were
received into membership, in this
white church in North Carolina.
There came 'a time 'when the Ne
groes wanted a separate church of
their own. The congregation helped
them build it and gave them a
Some of my Negro friends and
some of my Caucasion friends are
wondering what the effect will be
of the decision of the Supreme
Court it it decides against segrega
tion in the public schools. My be
lief is that all our problems can
he worked out in a spirit of Chris
tian charity, mutual respect for
each other, courtesy, fairness, and
sincere desire for the welfare and
happiness of all. It is entirely nat
ural for Negroes to pick most of
their close friends among Negroes
and for whites with other white
people. Laws cannot change that
even if it were desirable. It would
have been a great mistake for the
congregation of Old Centre Church
to have objected when the Negro
members wanted their own church.
It is not likely there will be great
number of applicants from white
people to attend our Negro pub
lic schools. It is not likely there
will be a great number of applica
tions from Negroes to attend white
Jordan roil. ,
public schools. In one denomination
in North Carolina there are several
white colleges and several Negro
Last year, for the first time, one
of the mission colleges of that de
nomination, decided to admit Ne
groes. They wrote letters to negro
high schools telling of the new,
policy. How many entered? Just one
My information is that many e-
rrn families wnicB nave movea
North te Detroit New York, and
other places, send their young
nannln hack South to stay with re
latives while they attend all-Negro
high' schools. They believe tneir
young people develop into happier,
rrinre well-rounded people without
the problems which sometime arise
in Northern non-segregatea nign
Our best Nefiroes are proud to be
what God made them. They want to
An their best to use their talents
and abilities to help make this, a
better place in which to live for
themselves and all their fellow cit
izens, including Caucasions, Indians,
and other races. They want respect
and recognition, just as all men
do. but they have no desire to force
themselves upon anyone.
On Mars Hill the Apostle Taut
said. "God Hath made of one
blood all nations of men for to
Hu7Pll nn all the face of the earth,
and hath determined the times be
fore appointed, and the bounds of
their habitation; that they should
seek the Lord, if happly they might
feel after him. and find him" (Acts
i7-a-27 If this is the time, in God's
nrnvidence. when the present ad
justment between the races in the
South is to be changed, then I be
lieve" the Christian men of both
races in the South will be able to
arrange the "bounds of their habita
tion" on a voluntary basis so there
will be ho feeling that anybody
is trying to push anybody around.
The spirit of Christ should be
alive and real to each member of
every church. Oneness is essential
GEO. P. PRIDGEM
HOT WATER HEATERS
WATER PUMPS :
MRS. M. M. THIGPEN
Basilwrma, H. C -
; . jUtcm sTav
FUJ,T?JVL HOME .
icr, r trr cun .
,Emm of fraiM SageBl '
r ! t-am
i - ir - r-Tr l
if their is to unity within each ch
urch. ' Where the spirit of oneness Is
found in the various churches,ohe
wjll find that the members are
most Interested in the program of
the church and are willing to part
icipate in the task, whatever it may
A oneness of people will earnest
ly seek to do the will of the Lord
and will not be Interested 'in having
their, own way; .neither will they
seek to accomplish the impluses of
their own understanding. The pur
pose of. doing things for mere dis
play or vanity will cease to exist
because the people will have ded
icated their lives to the Lord, and
will not follow the crowd and con-J
tlnue to be egotistical. .
It will always be a joyous occ
asion to worship the Lord,
to share the Joys of others, the suff
erings of others, ando be of service
to others in-order that Christ may
become more real to them .People
will cease looking as lifeless as dill J
pickles, and will cease appearing as
hen-pecked husbands and as hen
pecked wives. Instead, people will
display a new radiation of personali
ty because of their personal know
ledge, of the Lord; Oneness is dis
played through cooperation of mem
i(D To Chwclhi SwwdJay-
REV. W. B HOOD. PASTOR
Every Sunday Morning
tad, 4th, and 6th Sunday, nights
3rd Sunday night
REV J. M. NJSBETT, PASTOR
2nd aid 4th , Sunday mornings
, 3rd Sunday ngiht
Rev. Wade H. Allison, Pastor
Mount Zion Church, Rose Hill
Every Sunday Morning
Except Third Sunday
Third Sunday Evening
Oak Plains - Church
, , First Sunday Night
Third Sunday Mottling
REV. NORMAN "FLOWERS
Every Sunday morning
Bowdon Coomn units' Chnmh
1st, 3rd, and 6th. Sunday evenings
RET. J. T. BAXTER, JB, PASTOR
2nd and 4th Sunday mornings
- Hallarflhi dwftk.
1st and tfd Sunday merings
REV. W. H. GOODMAN, PASTOR
Every Sunday morning
PINK HHX GROUP
Bo, rargrior, Pastor
Pink H1U Third Sunday A. If,
and 1st Sunday P. M.
Wemea of the Chursh
General meeting Third Tubs-
ugr iu4(U. circle itK x run
Second Sunday A. M. and
Fourth Sunday P. M.
Third Sundays 4 P. M. (3 P. M.
1st Sunday A. -M. and 3rd
Sunday P. M.
General mfeetnlg Thursday P. M.
artec sra Sunday., circle Thurs
day P. M. before 3rd Sunday
Fourth Sunday A, M. and Second
Sunday P. M.
First Wednesday afternoon
f. P. Field Group-risf and 3rd
Saturday evenings (P.M.
REV. TAYLOR A; BTRD, PASTOR
1st, 3rd, 5th. Sundays at 1:30 p.m.
2nd, 4th. Sundays at 11:00 a.m.
1st, 3rd., 5th. Sundays at 11:00 sjn.
2nd, 4th. Sundays at 7:00 pjn.
Church Service, 1st, Sunday night
7:00 P. M. 2nd and 4th Knnri.i
morninr, 11:00 a. m.
Bonaay 8ehool every 8anday
Morning mt 10:00 sv m.
Mrs. Ed Smith, Superintendent
. MISSIONARY BAPTISTS .
Rev. Lauren Sharpe, Pastor
EACH SUNDAY MORNING
Bev. A. L, Brown, Pastor
2nd and 4th Sundays
1st and 2nd Sundays
3rd and 4th Sundays
2nd and 4th Sundays
MAGNOLIA BAPTIST CHURCH
Hot. J. D. Everett, Pastor
- 1st and 3rd Sunday mornings
1st and (3rd Sunday tgW
KIT. ELLIOTT B. STEWART,
2nd and 3rd Sondayt
1st and 4th Sundaya
This dtreotory la
- ' HOfc.3 TATLGB '
Oaveral Ier-V aJau
cates a.. -." cc-pAhx
: raokera ei t'oa KiuJea
ft., i t,T C
1 V 1
ir ; .: jm
bers, through blending of Ideas,
through working together as a tmlt
and through complete and sincere
use of talents, abilities and efforts.
Wed ever million motorUh
,' enjoy thit lew coil, ocroulh
. board, iwBaiMnablo protoctio.
f you'ro a careful drivor yoe lee
con novo with form Bureau Ins ur
nre. Too got automatic renewal,
friendly, notion-wldo claim tor.
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can got maximum protection for
lour Investigate today call
-Phone 600 Warsaw, N. C.
Our Lord Said, "GO!"
By REV. C. HERMAN TRUEBLOOD
TEXT: "And he said unto them, go ye into all the world, and
preach the gospel to every creature." Mark 16:15.
The natural Inclination, in fact, the passionate desire - of a true
Christian is to be active in his Master's service. There is something
queer and sadly disappointing about a person, claiming to be a child of
God, who Is perfectly contented to be idle and worthless in the kingdom
- building program of, God. Christianity is a religion of continuous ex
pression and expansion, and every genuine Christian is a missionary at
heart. "Go! Go! Go!" is the commandment of Jesus to His disciples; and
a heart-searching question of Christ to every "loafing" church member
is, "Why call ye me. Lord, and do not the things I say?" Luke 6:46. Again,
said Jesus: "If ye love me, keep my commandments." John 14:1.
1. JESUS SAID, "GO AND SIN NO MORE." Jesus came to die for
our sins; He came to cleanse us from our sins; He restores from sin to
righteousness. To the forgiven, transformed sinner, He says: "Go and
sin no more." (See story, John 8:3-11).
2. JESUS SAID, "GO HOME TO THY FRIENDS." Here is the story
of the man out of whom Christ cast the devils. This man was devil
possessed; he was in a most deplorable condition. But no devil is a
match for Jesus. Jesus drove the devils out of the man, and the' man
was "clothed, and in his right mind." Then the man "prayed that he
might be with him" - nay, said Jesus, "Go home to thy friends, and tell
them how great things the Lord hath done for thee." Religion starts in
the home; if we don't have religion at home, we won't have very much
anywhere else. (See story, Mark 5:1-19)
3 JESUS SAID. "GO WORK TODAY IN MY VINEYARD. Jesus de
tested the waste of time and talent. He cursed the fig tree that produced
"nothing but leaves." Time and opportunity were precious to our Lord;
said He: "I must work the works of him that sent me, while it is day, the
night cometh, when no man can work." John 9:4. To every idle church
member, the Lord is saying, "Go work TODAY (NOW) in my vineyard."
4. JESUS SAID, "GO INTO THE HIGHWAYS AND HEDGES. The
two most neglected areas of lost souls are in the "High places, and the
Low places." Jesus died for the rich and the poor, as well as for the
middle-class. Out in the "highways and hedges" there are lost souls,
hungry for what Christ has to offer, awaiting to be won to a Saviour's
love and salvation. If every cold, indifferent snugly-satisfied professing
Christian, would wake-up, get up, and go out into the "highways and
hedges", on a soul-winning mission, the whole world would soon be
won to Christ. (See Luke 14:7-24.)
5. JESUS SAID, "GO YE INTO
Christian can escape, by direct ministry, or cooperative financial assist
ance, the spiritual obligation to carry the gospel message of salvation
Into the "whole world." The Great
is "GO YE INTO ALL THE WORLD
PEARSALL CHAPEL F.W.B.
Rev. L. L. Parker, Pastor
Sunday School at 10:00 A. M.
Services each second Sunday morn
ing at 11:00 and evening at 7:30.
League every Sunday evening at
6.-00. Prayer Meeting each Wednes
day evening at 7:00.
Missionary Baptist Church
Rev. Vfnh Miurell
1st and 3rd. Sundays
2nd., 4th. and 5th. Sundays
2nd., 4th. and 5th. Sundays
1st and 3rd. Sundays
2nd Sunday morning and 4th Sun
last and 3rd Sunday
Rev. J. T: CASE
Services every Sunday
Bev. M.'M. Tuner.
1st and 3rd Sundaya
Bar. Paul MoIL partes?
1st and 3rd Sundays
L J. 6ANDUN COMPANY
Hdwo, Gram. Dry flssau .
. BeuiavLle, N. C
Sales) and Serviea
s&najiBviOe, N. C
D&V H. W. OOLWELL
Wallace, Worth Carolina ,
SOU 1 sal dan nr Ht '
Naturally prayer is a foundation for
this oneness. ' ' '
. Bahy Chicks
' Seeds i
Azaleas & Camellias
. Gladiola- Bulbs
Mt Olive, N. C.
o o o o o o o o o o o o
Mange in one
or two Appli
cations or Money Refun
ded. For Sale By
Warsaw prug Co.
Kenansville Drug Co.
8 oz. Bottle $1.00
THE WORLD AND PREACH." No
Commission of our Lord and Master,
AND PREACH THE GOSPEL TO
CABIN FREE WILL BAPTIST
Rev. J. B. Stames, pastor. Ser
vices every 2nd. and 4th. Sundays
at 11:00 a. m. and 7:00 p m. Sunday
School at 10:00 a. m.
2nd and: 4th Sundays
Dr. Poaton, Pastor
Services each Sunday
Bev. J J. Bnerer, Pastor
2nd and 4th Sundays
Dr. A. W. Greenlaw, pastor
Services each Sunday
Bev. Eugene Hater
1st and 3rd Sunday
4th Sunday nigh!
Bar. Bngeno Hagor
1st and 3rd Sunday night
2nd Sunday mornfcg
Bev. Eugene Hagar
2nd Sun. night 4th Sun.
n of the following 1
' Beulavllle Rose HOI
WILLIAMSON'S BSSO STATION
Tour car gets personal t&tanttoa
W. F. B1U' WiUlamaon, Prop.
KoansvlUe, N. a
MmtZABP 4k HOLMES BOLL
: Bear Outlaw's Bring '
'Can MoaMtook Fee :!':
TBI DTJPUN TIMES, KENANSVnXE, N. C
A. J. Cavenaugh, Jeweler
RETAKING ENGRAVING ?
FUEL OIL and
R. B. WARREN
Mt. Olive, N. C.
K. B. Wheeler, Minister
Wallace Every Sunday moroini
and every Sunday night
Providence First and Third Sun
days at 3 o'clock p. m.
ROSE BILL GROUP
W. B. Cotton, Minister
Rev. Carlton F. Hirschi, Minister
Warsaw First, Second, and Fourth
Sunday Mornings. Third Sunday
2nd and 4th Sunday
7:00 P. M.
Turkey Third Sunday morning
and the First Sunday night
Rev. Harold D. Miner, Minister
1st and 3rd. Sunday morning,
11:00 a.m. 2nd. and 4th. Sunday
evening, 7:00 p.m.
1st. and 3rd. Sunday
2nd. and 4th Sunday mornings.
MOUNT OLIVE CIRCUIT
Paul R. Mannea
Bethel Fourth Sunday morning
and Second Sunday night
Calypso Second Sunday morning
and Fourth Sunday night
Rone's Chapel Second and
Fourth Sundays at' 10:00 a. ol
J. R. Regan, Minister TeL 2750
Woodland First Sunday Morning
and Third-Sunday night
Pink Hill Second and Fourth Sun
days, Morning ami Night
Rev. James E. White, pastor
Sunday School at 10 a. m.
1st Sunday 11:00 A. M.
3rd! Sunday 11:00 A M .
3rd Sunday 7:30 P. M.
Sunday School 10:00 A. M.
2nd Sunday night 7:30 o'clock
4th Sunday morning 11:00 o'clock
2nd Sunday 11:00 A. M.
4th Sunday 7:30 P. M.
Sunday School 10:00 A. M.
1st Sunday 7:30 P. M.
3rd Sunday 11:00 A. M.
4th Sunday 11:00 A. M.
Advent Christian Church
Services 1st and 3rd Saturday
Night Sun. and Sun. Night Alton
Free Will Baptist
Rev. J. B. S tarns, nastor
Services each first Sunday morning
at io:ou; 1st Sunday night at 7:00
Sabbath School at 11:00
SARSCTA CHAPEL "Original Free
Will Baptist Church;"
Rev. Carroll Hanaley, Pastor
Sunday School ovary Sunday as
IfcOO A.M. t
League every Sunday at 6:00 P. II
Church First Sunday, 11 A. M. and
7:15 P. M. Church Third Sundaya,
11:00 A. M. and 7:18 P. IL
CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST
OF LATTER DAT RAnrm
Sacrament Meeting Sunday 7:00 pjn.
eunoay senoo WOO A. M.
Relief Society. Turns. T OO p as
M. L A. A Primary Wed. 7.-00. P. M.
Immaculate Cononptlon Church
"i' Catholl .
TransfuratloB MUsdoa '
w Wlaoa, H.a
Bar. t. ramo, Pattor
' tioun ut uaaa ,
Pint Sunday of each month 1LM
Every Sunday sWnawlnf 1; a, ul
(Sorvlcaa -are held to
o-o Ne, 1 of new isTj;w j
Old Phot.. sX
; Conuuerelal Photography
Weddings,- Parties, Anniversajriu
and Identification Photon
. Fhone 341
At WaOaoa .
, Sittings Night and Sunday
.! , , By Appointment
Scripture: I Kings Ifrl 12:24.
OevaUonnl Baadlnci Fula 1.
Lesson for April 25, 1954
VERY few people in America'
can logically say -they believe
that revolution by force is invari
ably wrong. On the contrary, some
of the most distinguished and re
spected Americans, both men and
women, are proud of the letters
"S. A. R." and "D. A. R.," Sons
and Daughters of the American
Revolution. If revolution was al
ways wrong, then our country
started on the wrong track to
begin with, and we I
should be still
part of the British i
question might'' be ,
that Empire would
have gone as ' far
as it did and been I
as strong as it
was, if it had not 1
learned the lessons Dr. Foreman
which only the American' Revolu
tion gave it. But that Is another
story.) The Bible tells the story
of a revolution which had the full
approval of a prophet of God. In
fact, one of the prophets gave the
chief revolutionists the idea.
Preacher Meets Rebel
Prophets in ancient times were
something like preachers of these
times, with two important differ
ences. Prophet and preacher both
speak for God to men. But the
modern preacher has a church;
the prophets had no established
church, no chapel. They could not
so much as rent a school-room or
a theatre as pyeathers sometimes
have to do. The prophets had te
say their say wherever and when
ever they could. There was ne
"regular eleven o'clock service."
The other difference was that while
the modern preacher likes to have
a large church full of people to
preach to, the prophet of olden
times did not always (perhaps not
usually) try for large crowds, but
rnthpr nirkprt thfeir listeners verr
carefully. They would be content
with an audience of one, provided
the one man was the right man.
So the prophet Ahijah met a young
man named Jeroboam alone one
day, and gave him the idea that
changed the lives of a whole na
tion. Tearing his long cloak into
a dozen strips ("Is the man
crazy?" Jeroboam must have
thought, for the cloak was brand
new), he invited the younger man
to take ten of the pieces. The ten
strips were ten "tribes" of Israel,
and putting therfl into Jeroboam's
hand meant that he was to be the
leader of the revolution and seces
sion which would tear those tribes
away from the then united nation.
The preacher, in short, was invit
ing and inciting rebellion and revo
lution. When Is Revolution Necessary?
It is not the first time that
preachers have been on the side
of the revolutionist. In the Ameri
can revolution some churches,
among them the Presbyterian,
were so active in promoting that
revolution that when British sol
diers searched the houses of citi
zens suspected of revolutionary
tendencies, if they found in the
house a copy of the Presbyterian
hymn book or catechism, the
evidence was considered sufficient
to make arrests on the spot. This
raises a serious question. Why is
it that churches and preachers,
which are generally conservative
and teach and preach patriotism
as a Christian attitude, why is it
that they have ever supported
revolution, even by violence? Over
in England a famous convention of
preachers and other religious lead
ers in the year 1648 wrote it into
their creed that "it. is the duty of
people to pray for magistrates
(they meant the government in all
its branches), to honour their per
sons, to obey their lawful com
mands, and to be subject to their
authority . . ." Yet In the very
next yeai 1640, some of those
same, religious men took off the
head of King Charles I. How can
men who believe that obeying
laws and authority is a Christian
duty, also become revolutionists T
For the People - .
Revolution is not something for
every day or every generation. It
is a desperate last resort. But as
in the days of Ahijah, so since then
it is true that a government which
ceases to be of the people, for the
people and by the people, has for
feited its right to respect. The
reader of I Kings will discover a
gem of wisdom in what the old
counselors said to the vouns Reho.
boam: "H you will be a servant
to , this people today and . servo
them;'. V,.-then they will he your
servants. .torenr." Sehoboam
turned his back on this wisdom,
looked on his royal power as a
means ef tyranny; and so Jero
boam's revolution had an ' easy
Mmm ' 3nnd.r ShM Uon. " ' WM.
victory. ; i !