North Carolina Newspapers

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The United Statei Supreme Court
on May 17 handed down 12-page
unanimtnj declaration that ' race
KfregaUon In tha . public- tchooU
.li uncoiutltutionaT and eventually
v must be .ended.-';;Vy.-i"iv, -Facta
presented to the, court ihow
ed that aeventeen Mates have laws
requiring separation of the races
in the choola, plus three states per.
mittinfe, but not requiring, segrega-
'tton, lu 0e District Of Columbia,
Tbi states whose laws require
segregation were listed for the courj
as t Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware,
Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Loul
ssia, Maryland, Mississippi, : Mlss
ewri. North Carolina,' Oklahoma,
South Carolina, Tennessee,' Texas,
Virginia and West Virginlai States
with ermisslve segregation listed
as New Mexico, Wyoming and Kan
sas. ' " ' -eWs-.'r'W
As' the declaration; of U)e.; court
Is a declaration of policy for future
lmplentation, the court withheld a
formal order and called for further
'arguments this fall on the question
' of bow the declaration . shall be
carried out t - t, t - i.
The court asked the Attorneys
General of the United States and I
the twenty affected. States to pre
" sent arguments this f all on tour'
The four questions submitted are:
(iy Shall Negro children be admit
ted without further delay to "schools
, of their choice?" (2) Should school
; districts be allowed time for a gra-
dual transition to a non-segregated
' status? (3) Shoud the Supreme'
Court appoint a special master to
hear evidence and recommend spec
iflc terms of decrees to be ordered
by the court? (4) Should the high
court send the segregation cases
back to the lower courts vita in
structions to frame decrees lor im
plementing the non-segregation de
y clsion; If so, what procedure Msould'
- ".the lower courts follow m arriving
at specific terms of the akjuinr t-1
-. ' - How many of the Attorneys Gen
eral of the twenty affected States
v wii present arguments to the court;
' , set October 1 as a deadline tor ffl-
" present there is no order vor
ee of ' the United Supreme
0 pi putting the non-aegregation
- deration Into effect "And
such orders or decrees are promul
gated the court decision stands m&f.
as f declaration of policy for future
' ' lmplentation. . y
The declaration of non-aegrega-
tion came as a climax of aooat;
. thirty years, of effort by the Nat
ional Association for the Advance-!
ment of Colored People to have the
"separate but equal" idea set aside.
- The NAACP based its argument
against segregated schools on the
fourteenth amendment to the con
stitution, which says that no state
. may deprive any person of "the
, .equal protection of the laws" The
amendment was "enacted In 1808,
after the Civil War, to wipe out the
Supreme Court's famed Dred Scott
decision that a Negro was not . a
The test cases were first argued
before the nine Supreme Court
Justices In December, 1952. These
-- cases came to the court from South
: Carolina, Virginia, Kansas, Dela-
ware, and the District of Columbia,
- where the school system, operates
i ' tinder laws passed by Congress. s .
Last June the court ordered more
argumentsadealing largely with the
' history and meaning of the four
teenth amendment and the court's
powers under IU V v :
' The 'decision ot May 17 overturn.
ed the segregation doctrine estab
lish by the Supreme Court fifty
seven years go. The opinion, read
by,hief Justice Warren, after re
i ; viewingva long v line A- decisions
T bearing on the "separate but equal"
doctrine,, said: "We come toen . to
the question presented:. Does Beg.
, i regation of children in public
. schools solely on the basic of race,
. even though the physical facilities
' and other tangible' factors may be
equal, deprive the children of . the
minority group of equal education
oDDortiinltiesT We believe. that It
doe". '
' The court's opinion said: "We con
clude that1 in the field ox public
education the doctrine of separate
. but equal has no place. Separate
educational facilities are Inherently
unequal Therefore,, we hold that
the plaintiff (Negro parents) and
other similarly situated for whom
the action has been brought are,
eason of the segregation com-
of,, deprived of the equal
k tth. turteentn amenameni. jints
vJion makes unnecessary any
discussion Whether such segregation
also violates the due 'process clause
of the fourteenth amendment" :
Chief ' Justice ' Warren, in . the
choice of those words, : ."separate
educational facilities are Inherently
unequal, meant Simply that ' no
in: 'tor bow equal the educational
1: litics, if they were k pt separ-
' o, then,' the quality of the educa
tional opportunities could not be
c?uaL '
Escapes Gas
Chamber' -
Gov; Umstead yesterday commut
ed the i rape-death sentence of
Robert- Hamor, ' 29-year-old Negro
to life bnpriBonment
It was the first commutation is
sued by the Governor on the reo
eommendation of the three-murder
Paroles Board, sworn into office
last Aug. 1. Hamer was scheduled
to die Tii M"Xr i. r-'
Be Vas convicted to Duplin Su
perior Court in September, 1993, Of
raping a teen-age housewife a few
days after he , had escaped from
the Duplin County, Prison Camp.
The ' State Supreme ; Court upheld
his ceirvhftion. .
' Judge W. A. Brame, a mebef of
the Paroles Board,' said -an investi
gation snowed . the woman ' "didn't
know -Whether she has been raped
orwft:"' ; .. 1svprf,
.! Be said Dr.- Clarence H. Patrick,
head -of the Paroles '. Board, and
Jonmon Matthews, personally in-
vegflgated. They found, said Brame,
that the house in which the attack
took -place "looked like a tobacco
padc house, a place in which an
escaped convict might try to seek
shelter," He added it "might appear
A to be barren and vacant" to a man
on escape and apparently the attack
was "Unplanned and unpremedii
tated." :-B:: -!-.:
V A brief announcement from the
tSovernofs office said Umstead had
read the record of the case, "After
reading the record the Governor
requested the State Board ot Pa
teles 'to make a careful and thor
ough investigation of this case. The
"board has done so and all of the
members of the board - have rec--commended
to the Governor , that
the sentence of Robert fiamer be
commuted from, death to life int--trthjoalmtnt
"Acting tiponj this recommenda
t!0js4hefcOMr?Qr. today conflnuted
the sentence of Robert' Hamer from
death to life Imprisonment ' ;
The following Duplin County men
were enlisted by Sgt. E. H. Allen,
local Army and Air Force Recruit
ing Sergeant -
Wilbert . W. Kennedy, Route 2,
Faison; Johnnie R. Artia, Warsaw
and tJerald D. Hardison, Wallace.
The above men were enlisted in the
U.S. Army for three years and were
sent to Tort Jackson, S. C. for basic
Robert I Beatty, Warsaw, was
re-enlisted in - the Regular - Army
for three years. He formerly served
two years in the Army including
some time in Japan and Korea. He
was sent to Fort Jackson, S. C. for
further assignment ,
Willard. June 16th.
Poultry Field Day will ' be held
at the Coastal Plain Station, Willard,
North Carolina on June 16 from
10:00 ajn. to 3:30 p.m. . ' .
Lectures, discussions and demon
stratlons will be given by well in
formed persons. Dinner . will be
available at the ' Test Farm. The
morning session will be under the
direction of J," W. Sumner,. Assis
tant Director in Charge. Opening
remarks will be made by Jt W.
Sumner; Controlling Diseases lec
ture will be given by H. W. Garren;
What to Buy for Layers by E. W.
Glazener; Cage Layers; My Exper
ience by Harvey Whitley; As I See
Them by T. B. Morris; Airing Your
Problems by H. S. Dearstyne. .
r The -afternoon 'Bemofistration "Will
be in charge of C F. Parrish who
will conduct the tours. The speakers
are: Housing; for Poultry in Eastern
Carolina, W. O.Andrews; Controll
ing Cannibalism,' W.' L. Blow Pre
paring Eggs ..for t Market 4 W, T,
Chaffin, 'Jr.; Finishing Turkeys for
Market; W.;C, Mills, Jr. with. Spec
ial Interest' Demonstration; Judg
ing Poultry by T. B. Morris, j
'Alfred D. Wells of Albertson re
ceived the B. a degree at the 117th
Commencement Exercises , held st
Davidson College, May 31. - :
Wells 1s the son of Mr and Mrs.
H. W. Well ,. ,
.Chancellor Rufus H. Fitzgerald,
president of the- Association, of
American' Colleges, delivered the
Commencement address ' and the
degrees were awarded by President
John B. Cunningham.
throw their arms wide during
The detention camp, known as
wauununuia, auu icuow
The story, below was taken from
a State Rehabilitation magazine:
;1 Wh,en;; he. was nine Paul C fell,
breaking, his back, an accident
which was to change his entire
life.-. He iwas ' not old enouga to
reaUze the, uU import of being
paralized from the waist down, a
condition .known in medical terms
as paraplegia. Seven years laser
when he, was- discharged from the
North Carolina Orthopedic Hospital'
at Gastonta, this word and all fts
drastic Implications were folly un
derstood. Paul was never axain to
run and play as la the normal tignt
of every American child. Instead,
he was to become all toe familiar
with operating roosns and the sur
geons knife. It is pretty roach to
leave home and the family at the
age of nine; especially to enter a
distant hospital lane, with Mom
and Dad not there to give assur
ance. The outlook seemed hopeless
to a small boy. Howewer. t the
hospital. In addition to the medical
treatment rendereO, tne nderstand
ing care of Dr. Bill Roberts and his
capable staff did taaca to sfllesaate
his fears and tnks We bearaUa. . :
. J?au was molded e flie etntf -pi,
which champions sac soadel Be !had
bad nwrneiits, Tt be aseMer 'save:
up. At tJtoee fe eemed fcasieHess
but faith ta Us doctors and aaaaes,
and their faith to Idas pedlea sum'
through. He, was able to continue,
his school work while to the hospi
tal without too much toss. Seamal
major operations wen! performed
and endless hours of pbysiofberqpy
RALEIGH More than 700 Tar
Heels aren't doing any legal driving
today ( because of drunken driving
convictions : . secured against them
last month according to the Motor
Vehicles Department's regular mon
thly statement.
For May 'the vehicles agency re
ported 710 drunken driving con
victions which, as usual, led the
monthly 'report of traffic violations
requiring the surrender of driving
priUedgeav''' ;
. Second ' offense drunken drivers
totaled' 122 for the month and all
other additional liquor-motor ve
hicle vlolatiohs came to 26.
' SpeexUng offenses cost 541 licen-
3s, tjioken down like this: over
75 mph'154; two offenses over 55
mph 133; oyer, 70 mph in an auto
i52; and over 60 in a truck 2.
.Other violations like reckless
driving, driving'', after licenses re.
yoked, manslaughter, unsatisfied
judgement and incompetency brou
ght the monthis total of revocations
to 970.V Suspensions totaled 833.
'HA..Z-r. 0 L; .' r,.-..CE - Kirre.-.the rabbit,
dumb bunny. Clover, grass and garden vegetables aren't for
him: At left, he begs for milk from owner Isldor Soderqvist, of
Stockholm,. Sweden, and at right Kirre reaches for an apple "
his favorite fruit. Soderqvist acquired his pet after Kirre'a -V'W."
mother was killed during the hunting season. . . ' i '
' - -'.'
IDEAS Sow of the 1450 political prUooers Of Nationalist Chins J
morning ' exercises on their prison island off the coast of Formosa. '
"Home of tne Eeborn," houses the one-time Communists, suspected
- iravacn auui tnsir imuucai wwuvnuiu m wuunn.'
were endured during' nis stay' at
the Gastonla Orthopedic Hospital.
When be returned home to his
family and friends in Mount Olive,
he was again with his old gang.
True, be could not play and actively
engage in sports but he .was not to
b left out Toon basketball team
elected bim-snanager, and oo, th
bench he played just as hard as the
player However, his troubles were
not over. He developed decubitous
ulcers which required surgery. He
began the first of many long treks
back to the hospital that were to
drain off his father's savings and
utilize the limit of hospital days
that could be provided by .Vocation
al -Rehabilitation. The going was
hard. About this time Paul began tp
realize, too, that sometime, some
how, -he would have to make it on
his own. "Some people make a liv
ing without legs or hands," he
reasoned. "Why can't I? It's the
mind bow well it's trained and in
what channels it is directed tha4
counts!" This proved a wise philoso
phy for Paul and carried him far,
While he was writing for the bigh
school paper, the sports writer of
the Goldsboro News-Argus asked
hirja tor write-ups of games. Later
be wanted more, so Paul became a
space writer, and a good one. In
time the editor became interested
and engendered in Paul a desire to
go to college. Vocational Rehabili
tation then entered the picture. Ac
quaintance had been made with
Paul through Dr. Roberts and the
counselor was only waiting for the
opportune time to start a rehabili
tation program.. Paul now wanted to
go to college, His amateur success
in journalism had. provided the
spark to ignite his imagination, but
he needed held to keep it burning.
In September, following high
school graduation, Paul enrolled in
Mars Hill College to further his
journalistic aspirations. His career
lay ahead, but there were many,
many hospital days and numerous
surgical procedures to be undergone
before be 'could reach his goal. This
did not keep Paul from entering
into many extra-curricular college
activities. He served as president of
the Glee Club, wrote for the college
paper, took part in public speaking,
and was a member of several school
organizations. In spite of spending
much of his time in the school in
firmary and at Duke Hospital, he
finished his two years 4t Mars Hill
with a "B" average. Paul is a born
fighter! 1 ', v,
After finishing Mars Hill, he
transferred to the University of
North Carolina at Chapel . Hill. He
continued to do good work in school
even though he still bad to spend
much time In the hospital. During
one of his hospital ordeals,' be met
a, pretty little nurse named,; Ann
Saratt As Paul pats it, "AH was not
pill needles, and knives." For some
reason be got special attention from
this one particular nurse, aad after
leaving tin hospital he kept in
touch with her by mall. During bis.
next stay she spent all of her spars
time with htm. This,' as might well
be expected, led to the Inevitable
wedding. . A
. Paul extd. Jn. ntany student
activities at Carolina, too. He . wrote
for The Daily Tar Heel, took part
in campus politics and was a mem
ber of several student .organiza
tions. As if he hadnl already had
more than his share of set-backs.
he was prevented1 from graduation
with his class doe to recurrence of
his ulcers and made another trip
back to Duke. However, he re
entered school the next year and
received his degree.
Alter countless hardships, Paul
is achieving his early ambitions. He
has been employed for a long time
by the Goldsboro News-Argus as
farm editor and columnist The
secret of his many friends has been
his unfailing good spirit and cheer
ful friendliness to others. He has
endured many tribulations along the
way and will doubtless encounter
many more, but if they come Paul
will go out to meet them.,'' As he
stated, "I have a mind, an "educa
tion, friends, and a wife who loves
me. I don't know what the future
holds, but I know ril take it as it
comes." ' ,yv.
Vocational Rehabilitation played
a vital part in Paul's achievements,
it is true, but success would not
have come had he not been endow
ed with an indomitable spirit that
kept him going in the facer ot al
most insurmountable odds. It is
fellows like Paul that make rehabi
litation the wonderful and . worth
while job that it is. We are justly
proud of him and wish for him all
the success he so richly deserves.
Check Forger Being
Returned To Duplin
From California
Deputy D. H. McKay left Monday
afternoon for Calllornu to bring a
Duplin County man back to the
County to stand trial on . forgery
charges..,'' , . ' ; ;&tyiUi .'''.'
The first communication on the
case came from Texas , and biter
a call came from law enforcement
off iers in California stating that a
man named Futrell has Surrendered
himself to them and confessed,, that
he was wanted in Duplin County for
giving "worthies checks. V"-fA V v
Futrell has eight warrants against
him for forgery. s - ,V ' ' ,
Annual Meeting Of
Duplin Red Cross;
Tbe Duplin -County:- Chapter ." -ef
the American Red Cross will, bold
Its annual meeting on-June 15,. at
8 o'clock pjn., in the Chapter Office.
Visitors are Invited to attend. :
Pvt. Alvis W. Denning, son of
Mr. and Mrs. A. W. Denning, Rt
3, Mt. Olive, is now serving in
Germany with the 403d Engineer
Group at Kaiserslautern.
Units of the Seventh Army form
a major part of the strong cordon
of American defense forces stretch
ing across the U. S. Zone of Ger
many, Denning, a mechanic in the 966th
Engineer Field Maintenance Com
pany, entered Tne Army in Sept
ember 1953, and completed basic
training at Fort Jackson, S. C.
ter R. Hunter, 20, son of Mrs. Bessie
V. Hunter, Route 1, Wallace, Is now
serving with the IX Corps in Korea.
The IX Corps, one of three in the
Eighth Army, coordinates an inten
sive post-truce training program
for UN units under its control.
Private Hunter, a member of the
212th Military Police Company, en-'
tered the Army last August and
completed basic training at Camp
Gordon, Ga.
7TH DIV., KOREA - Sgt. Hubert
D. Hayes, son of Mrs. Annie . K.
Hayes, Route 1, Wallace, N. C, re
cently arrived in Korea for duty
with the 7th Infantry Division.
Men- of the "Bayonet" division are
undergoing intensive training to
maintain the peak combat efficiency
displayed by the unit from Pusan to
the Yalu river.
Sergeant Hayes entered the Army
in May 1832 and was last stationed
at Fort Jackson, S. C
Thomsa K. Pigord, teleman sea
man, USN, son of Mr. and Mrs.
Hicks Plgford of Calypso, is aboard
the support aircraft carrier USS
Leyte, participating in a major anti
submarine development exercise.
The , training began on April 96
and involves over SO air,, surface,
and submarine units operating in
the area between Bermuda and the
Bahamas. Designated ASDEVFJC
1-54, the operation was planned and
scheduled by the Operational Dev
elopment Force, U. S. Atlantic
Fleet, under the command of Rear
Admiral Harold D. Baker, USN, to
explore the tactical application of
specific new developments in anti
submarine warfare. The exercise
covers the various phases of convoy
protection and detection of sub
marines by Hunter-Killer Groups.
Raleigh Woman
Injured In Wreck
Miss Virginia Frankie Compton
of Raleigh received injuries on her
right leg and abrasions of her right
shoulder as the results of the wreck,
which occurred about midnight
last Sunday on the town limits of
Miss Compton, traviling toward
Camp LeJeune, was blinded by
the bright lights of an oncoming
car which caused her to run off
the side of the road into a light
pole. The right front fender and
left rear fender of her car was
Miss Compton was treated by Dr.
R. F. Willis and releaseed.
BLOOMS AGAIN-AltbouBh it's been a !nn
f-time since knighthood was In flower, 80 youngsters who attend
the West SideYMCA la New York City Intend to see that It r
1 blooms again. Promising to "defend the helpless, protect all VS!
wuiiku, aim oe nwrcuui w men," one company of the Junior'1
Knights of the Round Table, above, raise their swords in salute '
during a
' .Through' the generosity of Vance Gavin, local at
torney and a drive sponsored by the local Xlons Club
last fell, a new Boy Scout Hut is nearing completion,
here'- ' - -
' The building,' a concrete block structure, is 16 X 32?
feet, outsid? dimensions. It contains one large room
with a flares fireplace.. The building is located Just'
south of the Town Spring, at the rear of the law offices.
row.'MrGavin gave the lot and $500 in cash. To date a
total of -$909.00 has been raised including Mr. Gavin's
$500. ' The;' building committee has spent and obligated '
togethef .;tc!tal of $1212.62, according to John Hall,:
local ScOut Master. The wiring is yet to be done. He
says thevcornmittee is planning to borrow enough to
ay off all bills when completed and, no doubt, the good
citizens bf . Kenansville will come to their rescue and '
raise the difference. Mr. Gavin is certainly due a. vote .
of thanks from the people here for his unselfish act and
its meaningfully more when one considers that Mr.' and
Mrs. Gavin have no childrenrft was an unusual good
gesture .in the interest of the young folks in town, and ;
speaking for the town we say, thanks to everyone who
has1 had a part in the project thus far.
Social Security
Agent Here June 15
N. A. A vera, Manager of the Wil
mington Social , Security office,
would like, to call your attention
to the fact that you can meet a
representative of the Bureau of
OhVAge and 8urvivors Insurance in
the Court Room of the Court House
on June 15,Vbetween the hours of
lliOO. am, and 12:80 p.m. for help
in claiming your Federal Old-Age
and Survivors Insurance Benefits:
checking .your Social Security Ac-
cout or getting, full information
about Old-Age and Survivors In
surance. Your; Post Office has ap
plication blanks for Social Security
Account Number Cards. These com
pleted applications may be mailed
to the Social Security Administra
tion, P. O. Box 1480, Wilmington,
N. C, 1,- V , r '
' . . ,-
Court of Appeals
Gets Racing Case
The Carolina-Virginia Racine As
sociation last Friday took an appeal.
me r ourtn circuit Court of Ap
peals - from Judge Don Gilliam's
decision of denying temporary
injunction to prevent prosecution
of betters at the Moyock dog racing
track in Currituck County.
Federal Judge Gilliam of Tarboro
heard arguments on the injunction
motion at a special hearing in east
ern district federal court at Wilson
May 14. He took his decision under
advisement and two weeks later
annnounced that he was denying
the motion. The appeal questions
whether Judge Gilliam was correct
in his decision as to matter of law.
The May 14 hearing on the mo
tion for a temporary injunction
grew out of a civil action filed a
week earlier by the association a
gainst Solicitor Walter L. Cahoon.
Sheriff L. L. Dozier, and Wilton F.
Walker, Currituck county attorney.
Tne suit followed a State Supreme
Court ruling that parimutuel bett
ing is unconstitutional in North
Carolina .
The association contends that the
court's decision denies its right un
der the federal constitution. It ask
ed that Currituck county officials
be prevented from prosecuting bet
tors at the track until the civil case
is tried in court
meeting. .
1 1
4,118 Tar Heels
Receive Speeding
Convictions in May
RALEIGH Speeding convictions
were secured against 4,118 Tar Heel j
drivers In May the Motor Vehicles .
Department reported today in' a,
regular monthly summary of mev-,
ing violations. - ; , - ' '
' Simple speeding (over 59 mph) i
does not require revocation of driv- ''
ing privileges for the first offense 3
nor does' reckless driving which
held second place in the report
with 1,030 convictions. .. , . -If
Driving without an . operator's I
permit was in third place with 808
convictions. . , , :
Failing to jrield the right x way-' )
resulted In 188 convictions,, failing
to stop for a stop sign 827, faulty i
equipment ,a6y4nqMOBfi, passing; ; T
158, following too' closely 138, and ------
driving on the wrong sW of tb
maw. : : ,u.i?t
Miscellaneous offenses brought 0
the May total to 7,873 convictions,
all North Carolinians. X
Out of state violators added an- "
other 1,823 to the guilty list ' 4 Q
3 Stills Captured
By Sheriff's Dept.
During the
Pt week, JShxriit Z
Miller and his deputies
three stills. On June 3. a still of
100 gallon capacity and 10 barrel
of mash was picked up bxJSberiff
Miller and Deputy W. QB Houston.
The still was located mn nerth
east of Paul Grady aW 'feaiph
Waters service station. Moarrest
were made. -
The following dayfiibout 1, mile
east of the same location of XSrady
and Water's stattoH"sM'MM gallon
copper kittle and ssMy.!bar-
rells was picked up
Miller and Deputy
No arrest were made.
On June 3, near Watwe Wr -W-
gallon still and 2 barrels of mash
was confiscated by Deputy T.' ft
Revelle. No arrest was made.
Arrest Made On r
Breaking And
1 , 1 1 -U
Sunday afternoon. Sheriff Miller
and Deputy Houston arrested J. D.
Autry on the charge of breaking
and entering the home of Carliss
Miller of near Kenansville. t
On arrival at Miller's home. Au
try was found drunk and asleep
in Miller's bed.
Autry was released under bond
for appearance to. Superior Court
Accident Summary
f Accident Summary for District
Five Troop "B" May 31st through
June 6th, 1854:
8 accidents. 0 killed. 8 Injured,
84,025.00 property damage.
8 accidents, killed, 3 Injured,
$1,850.00 property damage. . : .
4 accidents, 1 killed, ; 0 Injured,
$1,625.00 property damage.
.' . TOTAL ' , v
20 accidents, 1 killed, 13 injured,
$7,600.00 property damage. 1 . V .
Cpl T. G, Brooks,
State Highway Patrol
United States hog production f-
ter declining tor two-years, is
en the increase and Is likei ta
continue upward into 1855. : - , .v

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