XT IX 1C3
- ' CHINESE NEEDU WORK
H 14. Kst
1 each Thursday la KeaansvlUe, M, C, Caantj Seat af
DUPLIN COUNTT 1 , , f "
EkirUl, hnslneas efflce and prlntinc plant, JCeaansvllle. N, C
J. EOSEBT GRADY, EDITOR OWNER 1
' , Entered At Tbe Pout Office. KenaasvUle, N. C.
a second class aaatter. '
TELEPHONE KenanarUle, Day tSS-t Nlcht HS-1 t
BCTSCEIPTIOM RATES: 13.59 'par rear ta Duptln. Uaoar,
Janes, Onslow, PeBder. 9ampMa. Kew Hanover and Wayne
Mantiei$4JI Per year vataid tola area in North Carolina;
and tS-M per year elsewhere.
AdrertlsUMr rates fnralahed ea request.
A Dosha Ceaatp Journal.' deleted te the rellaioiia, aiaterlaL
edoeatieaal, oMmemlo and asricultaral develomaent Daatta
A PARAMOUNT DECISION
TTever before has the people of the, South needed
-State and school leaders with abundant wisdom and a
feeling of dedication to purpose than now. Never before
3iave our government leaders and educators been faced
with such a big and difficult problem as what recourse
to take in seeking the best solution to our public school
In the seventeen states affected by the segregation
decision, there are about 9,000,000 white children and
2,650,000 Negro children. The variance in Negro enroll
ment presents such problems to our state and school
1. How will it affect the school building program?
2. What will become of our thousands of colored
q W.at hnnnpn to education itself?
4! What steps can be taken to insure a better, and
jiot a worse public school system?
i! To solve all these problems will take intelligent
planning and thinking, plus time. Right now our school
system is woefully unprepared for any integration pro
gram. Tuthermoje, the state and school leaders will
find the whites less willing to go long with any integra
ttian rogram that the South was slowly learning to
accept-and that the South would have put through on
its own accord if given.time to worn out. me piumem.
Inadditibn to mis, the colored people realize that
great strides, unpresented in history, have been under
taken in North Carolina and. hi' much of the South in
irecentyears in providing their race with better school
if acuities, and as a result they, know that the Colored
JSystem of education has attained its all-time high stan-
daril. , . , .
Consequently, most Negro educators and the think
ing -members of the race are quite content to remain
segregated in the schools. And it is only reasonable that
they should see and feel it that way. Why in the world
should you junk or completely revamp a system when
that system is operating at a peak point with the promise
of getting even better if given time.
It is the concensus that most pridef ul Negroes want
the school stystem the way it is and has been. There are
many proven leaders among the Negroes who are per
oonoKio rf VianHlincf their own situations and the
race has progressed immeasurably in recent years under
The epoch-making decision of the United btates
Supreme Court has given us a problem, a big and
difficult problem. But no matter how big the problem
and difficulties, they are not insurmountable. We have
no doubt that our state and school leaders will solve
the complexities in a spirit of understanding and good
will. . '
1 Rebel Revelations
F.n aland, it Is not within
it ever were was a worse i'"8 ? 7 . gince
the memory of living man. May was the coldest and wettest since
records have been kept. It looks as if June will be as unseasonable, or
' toroadratesea of mud - unwary tourists get stuck daily
I Je back ad beyond the blue spruces at Greentrees. The ground
Tto wet to plant, too cold anyway, nothing would grow. When the
etrTdws break through the low-lying clouds, the black flies come
taSrde. that they hide it. Such hungry vicious nasty
insects! They make the few days that might be called pleasant, sneer
'torture No amount of fly oil deters them. .
1 Stome farinas have told me that if you get up before dawn, you
'can avoid them. Don't believe it. The minute you step on the grass
ot the earth or the leaves in the woods they rise to torment you
Stoey Vtfeverywhere - crawl up your slacks get in your eyes and
V Zi, noi Thev ruin the fishing, too. The season should be
S good now. TtoShSS rising to anything. But so are the black
flies. Only a high wind makes it bearable - a wind so high it is
., dangerous to venture on the water.
V Thus all the things I wanted to do putside have had to wait. The
a rows very tost in this weather and so do the weeds. Only
S?d7pWand delphiniums grow fester. The smaller flower.
2W perennial border are covered with weeds. Even cleaning inside
, "not toTaatSteetory in such beastly New England weather H you
dVget your floor, all scrubbed and waxei you'U have to do it again
') when themud season is over. You cant take thing, outside to air -tfcey
would get aoggy and mildewed, y
But t did finish that library cloaet Everything ha. a place now;
-The truikets and mementoes are neatly packed away to boxes each
Sledwith its contents. The hundred, of nap-hot. and photographs
- rV ta an old leather trunk. The dance programs and love letter.
i. (( generation, lire tied with ribbon, a different color
recipient, and put lovingly away to cedar cherfte future genara-
toos to discover with hwl. Jtanghtw no doubt ;r;:; , . v
' ' Yet some ttlngs X had hope to find were not the.ijtoyba f shall
run across them tnone of the cavernous closet under the eaves in Uie
' attic . there are seven of those if I can get them open after an these
year In one there are thing, that belong to my mother jouvenir. of
her honeymoon abroad, wrap books' filled with picture. nd notes
and letters and parts-of faded bouquet, from many admirer.- There
' r.sre favor, from June .week, and commencement, balls at coUege.
', all over the country, it seems to me. I don't know haw she ever had
time to attend all of them. And Invitation, to mora social events than
V;I have been to Jn my llf e ? all thi. before she was twenty-ona.
wliat a gay and happy Mfe she had wheh she was a girtl No wonder
ihels flying next week to Vermont to attend the fifty-fifth re-unlon oi
'" the class I think that reunion I may sea myself. I always loved
.meeting her eld beaux - some of, them are such distinguished gentlew
1 men . who a' X reef her as if she were their long-loaf love whom
tHey hat n? r fore ''teen. K must be wonderful when you nave
' a truure and ten to be albs to kindle a flame in an old
OftC Vy., , V, l,,'i'lll T-
week. I hadnt really decided to at all until I remembered how long
it has been since I was there in the home of my ancestors. I went
to recapture the deep peace of the beautiful Green Mountains, see
again the lush green fields, the well-kept farms. 1 have an urge to
go to the cemetery where my grandparents rest after such a long and
full life. Maybe I shall get strength from that lovely quiet resting
place to live out my alloted years.
And it has been a long time, too, since I have seen my lively and
delightful aunt who is undoubtedly the best cook in all New England.
I might even be able to pry from her the recipe for her delicious
maple-butternut cake. It will be such a joy to be again in her im
maculate and orderly house, all shining and clean with floors so
polished they are like a mirror. 1 shall beg to wash her priceless
china and the ruby glass which has graced the family table for almost
It may be that there in Vermont I shall find something I have lost
recently, or that has been washed away by the horrible Maine spring.
Perhaps I shall regain some of my accustomed enthusiasm and light
ness of heart with those two perennially youthful girls, my mother
and my aunt. I might even acquire some of fortitude and courage for
which Vermonters are famous, those splendid souls who look life
straight in the eye and do not flinch, who carry on regardless of
trouble or misfortune, who live not merely exist.
I have been confined to Maine for a year now - and it seems more
like a prison daily. Days on end go by and I see the same four walls,
the same huge empty rooms. I find myself talking to my dog who
is already bored by my conversation. Lest I get so mired in the Maine
mud that I sink into a slough of despond and so stuck there I can't
get out, I shall pull myself out while I am able. I might reach that
point of no return and go quietly and desperately mad.
Obviously I am bored with the place and the weather and myself.
I need a new horizon, new scenes, fresh inspiration. The winter is
over, or so the calendar says. And it is high time I waked up from
my long hibernation, took a deep breathe and started to live again.
Already I feel better. In anticipating my escape from Maine for a
few days, my spirit revives. I feel filled with a zest for adventure.
And when I come back, I shall have a keener vision, a livelier
imagination. But for now much as I love the place, and I do, well,
I've had it - I've been cramped too closely these past months and
I need to stretch, need to grow a little. We aU do occasionally.
HELEN CALDWELL CUSHMAN
Q Will a certified true opy or
a photostatic copy serve in the place
of the original discharge paper for
GI Loan purposesT
A Generally not However, wnen
wtoran has lost his original dis
charge paper or if it is temporarily
unavailable, the Loan Guaranty Ji
ficer in the regional office of the
Veteran. Administration wiu accept
nv authenticated substitute- evi
dence of service and discharge or
release furnished by the proper
military 6t naval service. ; ' ;
Q Must a veteran have servea
in Korea to be eligible tor the bene
fits of Public Law 690 (Korean GI
A No. He may have served in the
armed force, any ' place in the
world - in the United State, or
abroad - and not necessarily . in
Korea. ' ' '...
Q What is the deadline for start
ing training under the Korean GI
A A veteran discharged before
Auffusf 20. 1952. must start before
August 20, 1854. A veteran discharg-
edoir or after August 20, 1952. has
two year, front his date or ais
charge o rse pa ration in which to
Q Will a veteran of World War
11 be able to get a GI loan indef
ANo. In most cases applications
by World War JI veterans must be
made within ID years from July, 25,
1947, the end of World War II for
h numose of the Act. Veterans
whose entitlement is derived from
active service on or after June 27,
1950, may apply at any time within
10 years after such date as shall be
determined by Presidential procla
mation or by concurrent resolution
of the Congress.
News For Veterans
More psychiatrists are needed' for
Veterans Administration mental hy
giene clinics to prevent expensive
There are many things to do in
the garden in June such a. take up,
divide and transplant blue flag or
bearder iris, jonquil, and daffodils,
tulips and Dutch iris.' Also prune
and stake and tie dahlia, and tc
matoes mulch these crops if you
want to eliminate some of the pro
blems of cultivation. ,!'-
Sldedren sweet corn with nitrate
of soda 'when, it get. knee-high.
Give your, lawn a topdressing oi
nitrate of soda Just before a rain
or water it in with a hose. And
while we are on the subject of
water, during the summer heat most
I .1 nlnnla atmulfi K All TV.
niid! with aoDroximately one inch
of water a week either Dy rain or
irrigation. .The quality f veget
able will be seriously affected un
less they receive sufficient water
at the critical periods.
It is also time in June or early
July tq sow wed of tomatoes, col
lards and broccoli for the faU crop.
Use a wilt-resistant variety of to
matoes such a. Homestead 4 or
Southland or Jefferson. FaU toma
toes will not be successful fiT yew
soil is infested with rootknot nem
atodes. Although many people plant
collard seed in the spring and grow
large plants, the most tender col
lards are those seeded in July and
chiatrists who prefer to work with
out-patients or wKo'are interested
in organizing or aarcnnisiermg men
tal hygiene clinics. In addition, VA
needs chiefs for clinics in Cincin
nati, Ohio; Huntington, W. Va.J
Louisville, Ky.; Wilkes-Barre, Pa.:
Columbus, Ohio; Little Rock, Ark.,
Wichita, Kansas, and Des Moines,
Iowa, . "'
August. The plapt are hot a. large
when cold weather comes but the
Amm BTimiif in brcwiwli' hat ha.
come very popular - especially for
freezing. Seed should be planted
in late Jul v or early ' Auoust in
order that the, main crop of bud.
will mature before heavy freezes
occur. ':; The nlaHt will : withstand
soma frost but is sometimes severe
ly damaged.- Decicco is a good var
iety for North Carolina.
:5 f . 7
- . .1 .lt.lll. tL
" V Only God an make a trea'
only. you cam protect at-
Early Discipline Could
Curb Future Delinquency
By GARRY CUVEUND MXERS, Ph.D
JUVENILE delinquency? We've
seen nothing yetl
Wait till the yearly crop of
more than 3,000,000 babies, and
the dozen million toddler under
five, reach the age of nine, ten
or fifteen. Never a time In our his
tory, when so many parents be
lieved they should not restrain
the preschool tot lest he be frus
trated. Never a time when so tew
youngsters in the United States
under four "or five have learned
the meaning of No.
So while all our nation Is pua
zled and worried over the upsurge
of Juvenile delinquency, many of
the rank and file of young parents
are helping prepare a lot ol ba
bies and young children as re
cruits in the big army of youthful
offenders. Of course, these par
ents are not doing so on purpose.
They are doing it, and most of
thpm verv conscientiously, as
thev auDDOse the "experts" have
told them to do.
Arj most nf these narents of
delinquents poor and illiterate?
Bnm, are hut far from all. Many
una in mansions or comfortable
homes, are articulate, and even
have college degrees
Tha nrpspnt hi 17 CTOO Of tnTeRUS
delinqi. .its is an accomplished
fact. Some of them will, eS course,
be salvaged for good citizenship.
Rut the flood is rushing forward.
If we are to check this flood, we
will need to work at the source.
. ur oriii have to beeln with the
babies and young children. Who
win work on these children? Their
own parent., and they will wnen
they realize they should.
When will they think they
should? When they no longer
have propaganda of excessive
permissiveness forced upon them,
or when they use their own com-
monsense. Then there will also do
more love and understanding in
Proper Training Needed
Juvenile dellnauencv win sure
ly get much worse before it gets
better. When it gets bad enough,
many young parents will come to
the conclusion mat iney naa
hetter train their little children.
while they easily can be trained.
in the unambiguous meaning oi
No; also love mem more in tne
Alone- with their stiffening up
discipline in the nursery, young
nn rents will mend mora time with,
their little children, haying fun
with them, ana providing mem
with mors family understanding
v bad hetter not be too ODU-
ml&tle about the change coming
rapidly. But when It does come,
we can begin to look ten or a
doaen years aneaa to a aecrease
to Juvenile delinquency and
(My bulletins, "How To Teach
Tot Meaning of No" and "How
Juvenile Delinquency Can Be
Curbed,'' may be had by sending
a self-addressed, stamped enve
lope to me in care of this news
hospitalization for the increasing
load of service-connectea psyem-
atric cases, VA announced.
VA said its mental hygiene clin
ics are able to treat certain types
of ruvchiatrlc cases at a cost 70
to 80 per cent below that of hospi
talization in even the most econo
mically 'operated hospitals.
As a result VA estimates its enn
im now uve more than $2,000,000' a
year in money that would be re
quired if the clinic cases had to be
Service-connectel cases are n
nniv n-oun of veterans entitled to
both outpatient clinic care and hos
pitalization; and approximately ow,-service-connected
for psychiatric and neurologic dis
abilities. By treating-more oi ua
in oiinrs. the need for ex
pensive hospitalization among the
service-connectea psycniainc cw
may be reduced proporuonaieiy vn.
Moreover, these clinics enable VA
to shorten the hospitalization of
service-connected cases whose hos
pital treatment can be completed
nn an outoatient basis.
Annthor advantage o the clinic
program, VA said, is that it permits
the treatment o service-coiiii.-w
...u. in or near their home
communities without loss of time
trom work. This is of particular
value to veterans and their lammes
VA said it has openings for psy
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