. rt-wv'-v -jn ,-jr.rw .(d.s.Vjjf 'Iff fSj?y sV,
svaxa, k. c TmatsrMT, ssrmauEB um
. .THC DUPLIN TIMES
' tstei each Thursday l KeaaasvOle, K. C Caaatr Mat at
KSsarlal, ntaea fflo aad prntUnjr ftlant, KeaaasvUle. N. C.
j: ROBKRT GRADT. FDITOR OWNKB
I " Catered At Tko Past Office. XsvlUe, N. C
as second alaaa nuttac
, TELEPBQVK KenarlHe. Day Z9- Ntrht MS-1
OTSCRirnOJr RATES: SSJt per twjp t Duplin I .mm?.
unaies. reutr. 8mm, New Hanover and w
: wm per year ontaldo this area la North CaraHn?
1 15.M per year elsewhere. '
f I." i Adrwttabw rater furnished mm reamwt
A IHmlm Comfcr ItmraaL devoted to the rellriom. matwHfel.
i aad atTieatttm develoawent of RtitHb
CRISIS IN t)EAD lETTER'' DARrMENT
I v IVA V
NEWS CONCEALMENT: PRICE CAUSE
OF UNFAVORABLE PUBLICITY
Raleigh Attorney J. Wilbur Bunn has been em
ployed to represent Woman's Prison Supt. Ivan Hin
ton in the matter of the mysterious death of a woman
prisoner, found with a broken neck in a punishment
cell after having been previously handcuffed and
gagged by prison officials.
Attorney Bunn calls for a speedy inquest, declar
ing that delay in the holding of such inquest was caus
g "a great deal of unreasonable and unjust news
We agree with Attorney Bunn that the inquest
should be held promptly.
We disagree heartily with him about the unreas
onableness or injustice of newspaper publicity in the
The death of the woman took place in a prison
hich is supported by the tax dollars of the citizens of
-Trth Carolina, and these citiezns have a right to de.-,
-md "iat insofar as possible the prisons and jails of
t..e state be operated in a humane manner.
Cricumstances surrounding the death of the wo
ran indicate something less than humane treatment.
And the Prison Department brought reasonable
r spicion on itself by the mannel- in which it released
or did not release pertinent fRCts in the case.
-Coroner Bennett of Wake County gays that when
Mvas .'ailed to View the body th& gag and handcuffs
iicd beott removed ffom the cell and that he was not
V id immediately that the woman had been either hand-
ffed or gagged.
And the prison authorities in releasing news that
the woman had been handcuffed waited until later to
. mit that she had also been gagged.
The discrepancies may be excused as the result of
xpertness in press relationships on the part of the
' a i a a am. ' i z . ,ica
Designated by USDA
MARCH OF EVENTS
Special to Central Press
Hed Porfy Seen Curo
Ta ?uf Up a EcK's
:y Tcke a Long Time
-rASHIN'GTON It probably will be several months b:fore
see any action taken under the new measure to out';.v
nmunist party by stripping away its legal status and makir.j
or one t' ing, the Communist party is sure to Etr.rt a leg:l b
.inst the and this will mean month.3 :t not years , lit:- .-,
r the Ir-jality cf the measure.
econd!-.-, even the government's cvn lepral exrerts in the Jr..
' : department haven't decked ex-otly what th-:-"
do under the bill and lx.vrr.akirs who v.-rote
S measure disagree over the niea.-.ing of sor.-.e
The Cornmunist pnrty nlrea-iy hi'. t:-'r'
KgftZt. won't roster v.ndsr t:u pie:--..u i..ccrr.-J .
I't nrt ind there is no rc"..-.)n to uc.icve -
W:H:-!J to obey the ne.v kv.'.
Lr:,;.l authorities v. itl i.e ' J v.'i"i tV.e '
of V.:: " : r.". v rr.er.'. .i :". : ;r.;. r i
putting the la'.. ir.to t'.raL.c:! ...c... -.-
on L'.nu.ar smie s.a.u.'i
prison officials but it i" not unreasonable for the press
to read into these discrepancies an attempt at conceal
ment. Let's look at it like this:
The Prison Department is part of the government
of North Carolina and the government is owned by the
The business of government entails a responsibility
of report to the people through the media of the news
papers, radios and television whenever an unusual con
These reports should be made as quickly and as ac
curately and as completely as possible.
That establishes confidence in their government
by the people.
Deviations establish suspicion.
We'd suggest that Highway and Prison Chairman
A. H. Graham confer with the press in Raleigh and
establish a Standard Operating Procedure for the re
porting of unusual incidents within prison walls, and
that after such an S. O. P. has been established he call
in his subordinate straw bosses, read the riot act to them
and explain to them in S, 0. P. followed to the letter
in the future.
If the prison authorities at Raleigh had put the full
facts in the woman's death in the hands of the press im
mediately, instead of permitting them to trickle out,
the Prisoij Department would have been spared many,
iilaay columns of just and reasonable publicity.
A great percentage of the "bad publicity' grief
experienced by government agencies results from the
foolish idea oi some petty official that he can success
fully conceal the "bad news" from the newspapers.
The Fayetteville Observer.
The State ASC committee reminds
farmers that the time is running out
for submitting; soil samples to the
soil testing division to get an ana
lysis report showing the amount of
iime and fertilizer needing on land
to be seeded to permanent pastures
or winter cover crops this fall.
'Vithri-.it .i soil test, they say, one
cannot know the right amount of
fertilizer or lime to use for b?st
results. When one gambles by gues
sing they stand a chance to loose as
r.tten as g.iin. Applying lime to land
that dors not need it, is a loss of
time and money and can often in
jure the crops following its appli-
I lion. "Why should we take a leap
in the dark when it is so easy to
I sent s'i' samples and know what
our soil needs, "they say".
The committee advises farmers to
call at the ASC office and get con
tainers and instructions for taking
soil samples. They are free for the
isking and could mean the dlffer-
- !n 'iioceM and failure with
that pasture they intend to seed
Modern automobile horns can
startle. The State Motor Vehicles
Department urges you to save the
horn for emergencies. Don't startle
someone into an accident.
Drive twice as fast and you'll hit
four times as hard. Speed is a dead- t
ty factor in auto collisions. Be
smart . Slow Down and Live.
Woiiir.ii ir. lYi.r.ic Cunt: "Well
I was drivini! down Main Street
with my husband at the wheel . .
In 10112 T. H. Shelvin wrs nr:e?t
e.l in Minneapolis for peeci.' in
excess of 10 miles per hour. He was
fined ten dollars.
The man who simply ;ts rk". r;
.md hopes for the best is hopeless.
, The U.S. Department of Agricu
lture ha announced the designa
tion of crops which will be Included
under "total acreage allotments'
when such allotments are establ
ished for Individual farms In conn
ection with the administration of
"cross compliance" and "use of di
verted acres" in 1958.
Secretary of Agriculture Ezra
Taft Benson announced at the time
the 1955 wheat marketing quota was
announced that special provisions
would be in effect in 1955 to influ
ence the use of acres diverted from
The special program requirements
are designed to influence the use
of diverted acres, helping to pre
vent shifts from surplus troable.
The program is designed to aid in
attaining a more balanced produc
tion and In bringing supplies more
nearly in line with demand. Com
pliance with the program is purely
voluntary except for crops under
marketing quotas. Producers have
the choice of complying with their
allotments and being eligible for
price supports or disregarding their
allotments and foregoing price-support
H. V. Mangum, state ASC pro
gram specialist, announced last
week the designation of crops which
will be included under "total acrea
ge allotment when such allotments
are established for individual farms
in connection with he adminis
tration of "cross compliance" and
"use of diverted acres" in 1955.
Cross compliance is defined as
requirement that a farm plant with
in all acreage allotments for the
farm in order to be eligible for
price supports on any crop. Total
acreage allotment was defined as
allotment including the individual
crop allotment for 1955 plus the 1953
acreage of other designated crops,
which include all crops produced
on North Carolina farms with ex
ception of hay, cover crops, green
manure crops and pasture. Total
allotment provision will apply only
on those farms having more than
10 acres diverted crops. Diverted
acres is defined as the difference
between the 1955 allotment and the
1953 acreage of the commodity.
Total farm acreage allotments in
1955 will include the following crops
for harvest as grain or seed; small
grains (such as buckwheat, barley,
oats, spelt, emmer) or mixtures of
small grains: wheat mixtures (in
designated wheat mixture counties)
soybeans, annual ryegrass: sudan
grass, and, millet: summer legumes
(such as cow peas, blackeyed peas,
velvet beans, mung beans): winter
legumes (such as Austrian winter
peas, rough peas, crimson clover,
vetch, lupines and others).
(2) The acreage of the following
crops regardless of use, except as
otherwise noted: sugar cane or sor
ghum (sorgo) for syrup: field corn
in non-commercial counties: sor
ghums except sorghum cut green
for hay popcorn, broomcorn, and
sweet corn: flaxseed: tobacco not
under marketing quotas: dry beans,
dry peas and lentils: Irish potatoes
and sweet potatoes: commercial
vegetables, melons and truck crops
for fresh market or processing:
berries and small fruits: peanuts
not picked and threshed: and hops.
(3) Individual crops acreage all
otments established for 1955 (wheat
corn in commercial areas, peanuts,
tobacco, and both upland and extra
long staple cotton are under all
otment in 1954).
Farm labor these days is rela
tively expensive, with .rates more
than four times as high as before
World War 11.
During the same period prices of
machinery, including tractors, have
almost doubled, and 'prices of mo
tor supplies, Including gasoline and
other fuels, have increased oyer 50
Grady L. Miller, Wake County
farm agent for the State College'
Extension Service, says the amount
of labor saved by "letting machines
do the work" will continue to be
an important consideration in farm
Miller says recent USDA figures
indicate that for most field crops
a good deal less labor is now re
quired per acre than in the 1910-14
period. The almost complete conver
sion from horses and mutes to trac
tors, trucks and other machines is
the main reason for the big dron
Why Seedling Trees Should
Be Planted On Idle Acres
-Why plantseedling trees on idle
acres when Mother Nature will do
the Job for you?
Fred E. Whitfield, forestry cpe
cialist for the State College Exten
sion Services, likes to list these
three very good reasons for doing
the job yourself:
1. Mother Nature has all the time
in the World. She may take more
than a lifetime to replant a cutover
timber stand. If you do it yourself
it can be accomplished quickly.
in labor requirements. J
The greatest decrease in labor
has occurred in the production of
small grains and other crops sim
ilarly produced, says Miller. Corn
for example, how requires only 37
per cent as much, labor as in 1910-14
Tobacco is at the opposite end
of the scale. It is chiefly harvested
by hand and a significant increase
in yield has resulted in more man-
hours per acre. However, the In
crease in hours has been more than
paid for by increases in yield.
The development of practical to
bacco harvesters is expected to
bring about a more rapid change
in the tobacco labor picture.
-2. When the lob 'Is left to Mother
Nature it is always haphazard. Trees
are too close together or too far
apart. Spacing is an important part
of tree farming. ,
3. Then too, naturally seeded areas
have manyweed and brush varie
ties to offer competition to the gro
wing seedling tree. When you do the
job yourself the result is a fully
stocked stand of desirable and pro
Whitfield says most North Carol
ina farmers are fully aware of the.
value of planting idle acres in youn
g trees, but adds, "It never hurts.
to be reminded of an extremely
A genius Is the man who says-
the right thing at the right time, in
the right place.
The person with a clear consci
ence dosen't care if other do see
Any man has a right to be a live
wire, but has no right to burn his
Any man preaches louder by his
square' dealing than by his high
fffifP YOUR BOOR
Start Saving Now
Opportunity really knocks
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CASH is required to take
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JuLl v U d) Ida Lha
Current Rate of
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AHD WAN ASSOCIATION
X T. W. HEATH, JR., Exec. Vice-Pres.
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o ir.r.'S rT.o,r:.v-r--T-- c--.
Prr';;,!.".t Eircr-''OWer mort r.-; v.v.:..
h of 'Bie lesfelr.tk.3 w:.3 adopt .! in the f-r.;.! r.:-r.' ; '
very fran.'y sur?-:;od the termers cC Lt"i :.!
was freely predicted at the ti.ne Mr. ilisn.-.o.-.'t.- '
; of his program V.v.il Ce-re-s r:!! Riv.i h'r c
ion. That the President believed this was aj. ?...-'.
a in June to campaign vigorously for his r: :,ram.
emocratic politicians were prepared to cnn-luct f
onal elections, at least in part, on the rhar.'.e tiv
'rolled Congress could not deliver on Mr. E.-.T.i.ov.e
t argument is out of the window now.
he questicn is: What do the voters tl.lr.k of the CO!
program gains support at the polls, tlx-re is a pcr'oi
:.ical textbooks May have to be revised.
.iere is an old ada&e that the parly in power Iojcs siren
-lh in an
i ,PEED-VF Official Washington was put en notice recently tr-t
t executive branch can get things done in a hurry when Dwight D.
: nhower turns on the heat.
he President was more than a little annoyed by charges from
I .locratic National Chairman Stephen Mitchell that the contro-
,ial contract he ordered negotiated with the Dixon-YaU3 power
bine smacked of favoritism.
"r. Eisenhower told a news conference that he would direct the.
mie Energy commission, the Budget bureau and other agencies
t nake public all of the facts leading up to the contract.
our days later, the welter of letters, telegrams and office memos
v J ready tot. distribution to newsmen in mimeographed form. The
i It looked like a ponderous legal tome. The bulky document dis-c-
j jed little information that was new, but the fact that It could be.
t ambled so fast aet something of a record for administrative speed
Li aa oft-times slow-moving- government
z - '"; ,
C ONfcMAN" StJBtJOMMrrtEEBy an ironic quirk, the wisdom
cl holding one-man congressional hearings Is being
..idea by a Senata BUbcommlttee, which itself ha. 0ny 0n
Mt any had only on person present 'V. -SwMler
Senator Joseph R. McCarthy (R), Wisconsin
t Jftad recently, no Democratic senator was present- Tnnnti
. i. ix trans, innearad briefly .' ' '
ii left Chairman William Jenner Rj;Indtatta-i who ha aerreol
4 a one-man committee aurag. man w. wwmi
MnXISH 1111 UH UN. ,
.' - ... n tut. In nre-tatr senatorial lUDDOrt for OMl
na be-jin-rs. If an emergency arises, ha said, the minority policy
committM can b depended upon W that one. of It member'
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